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UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO

FAKULTAS TEKNIK
Kampus Bumi Tadulako Tondo (0451) 422611, fax (0451) 422844

Tugas Analisa Struktur II


Diberikan kepada :
Nama
No. Stambuk
NIRM

: Baharuddin
: F 111 08 093
:
P2 = 60 kN
q2 = 10 kN/m

F2 = 40 kN

4m

P1 = 80 kN
q1 = 18 kN/m
F1 = 60 kN

4m

B
3,6m

3,6m

C
6m

Diketahui

: Suatu portal seperti tergambar diatas diselesaikan secara matriks kekuatan/


fleksibilitas

Hitunglah

: a. Besarnya momen akhir dari struktur tersebut !


b. Gambar bidang momen, lintang, dan normal !

A. Penomoran Matriks
1 Penomoran M-D
M15-d15

H
M16-d16
M8-d8

M10-d10

M7-d7

M9-d9
M13-d13

M11-d11

E
M14-d14

M12-d12
M2-d2

M4-d4

M6-d6

M3-d3

M1-d1

M5-d5

2 Menentukan derajat kebebasan


n = nt + nr
; dimana :

nt

= derajat pergoyangan

nr

= derajat rotasi
n
= derajat kebebasan
` Menghitung jumlah translasi / pergoyangan
nt = 2 joint - (batang + 2 jepit + 2 sendi + rol)
= 2 8 - 8 + 2
= 2
` maka derajat kebebasan :
n = nt + nr = 2 + 5 =

- 2

+ 2

` Menghitung jumlah rotasi


nr = joint - jepit
= 8 - 3
= 5

3 Penomoran P-D
P2-D2

P6-D6

P3-D3

P7-D7

P4-D4

P5-D5

P1-D1

B. Menentukan Semua Matriks Yang Ada

1 Matriks Deformasi {A}


` Pergoyangan (translasi) akibat D1 sebesar 1 satuan

H
d8

d10

4m

D1

d7

d9

d2

d4

d6

4m
d1

d3

d5

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

1/L
1/L
1/L
1/L

=
=
=
=

0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250

6m
d5
d6
d7
d8

=
=
=
=

1/L
1/L
1/L
1/L

=
=
=
=

0.250
0.250
-0.250
-0.250

d9
d10
d11
d12

=
=
=
=

1/L = -0.250
1/L = -0.250
0
0

d13
d14
d15
d16

` Pergoyangan (translasi) akibat D2 sebesar 1 satuan


D2

d8

d10

4m
d7

d9

4m

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

d5
d6
d7
d8

=
=
=
=

6m
0
0
1/L = 0.250
1/L = 0.250

` Putaran (rotasi) akibat D3 sebesar 1 satuan

d9
d10
d11
d12

=
=
=
=

1/L = 0.250
1/L = 0.250
0
0

d13
d14
d15
d16

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

4m
d7

D
3
D

E
d11

d2

4m

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

0
1
0
0

d5
d6
d7
d8

4m
=
=
=
=

0
0
1
0

d9
d10
d11
d12

=
=
=
=

0
0
1
0

d13
d14
d15
d16

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

` Putaran (rotasi) akibat D4 sebesar 1 satuan

4m
d9
d12

4
D

E
d13
d4

4m

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
1

6m
d5
d6
d7
d8

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

` Putaran (rotasi) akibat D5 sebesar 1 satuan

d9
d10
d11
d12

=
=
=
=

1
0
0
1

d13
d14
d15
d16

=
=
=
=

1
0
0
0

4m
d14

d6

4m

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

6m
d5
d6
d7
d8

=
=
=
=

0
1
0
0

d9
d10
d11
d12

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

d13
d14
d15
d16

=
=
=
=

0
1
0
0

D
6

` Putaran (rotasi) akibat D6 sebesar 1 satuan

H
d15

d8

4m

4m

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

d5
d6
d7
d8

6m
=
=
=
=

0
0
0
1

d9
d10
d11
d12

` Putaran (rotasi) akibat D7 sebesar 1 satuan

D
7

d16

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

d13
d14
d15
d16

=
=
=
=

0
0
1
0

D
7

d16

H
d10

4m

4m

7,2 m
d1
d2
d3
d4

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

6m
d5
d6
d7
d8

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

d9
d10
d11
d12

=
=
=
=

0
1
0
0

d13
d14
d15
d16

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
1

2 Matriks akibat beban luar {Q}


` Batang DE
P1 = 80 kN

q = 18 kN/m

M11

M12

3,6m

3,6m

1
1
1
1
q L PL = 18.0 51.840 80.0 7.20 = - 149.7600 ton.m
12
8
12
8
1
1
1
1
M12 = +
q L +
PL = +
18.0 51.840 +
80.0 7.20 = + 149.7600 ton.m
12
8
12
8
M11 = -

` Batang EF
q = 18 kN/m

q = 18 kN/m

M13

M14

6m
1
1
q L = 18.0 36 = - 54.0000 ton.m
12
12
1
1
M14 = +
q L = +
18.0 36 = + 54.0000 ton.m
12
12
M13 = -

` Batang GH
P2 = 60 kN

q = 10 kN/m

M15

M16

3,6m

3,6m

1
1
1
1
q L PL = 10.0 51.840 60.0 7.20 = - 97.2000 ton.m
12
8
12
8
1
1
1
1
M12 = +
q L +
PL = +
10.0 51.840 +
60.0 7.20 = + 97.2000 ton.m
12
8
12
8
M11 = -

3 Matriks kekakuan {S}


4 EI
2 EI
Mi
Lij
Lij
=
Mj
2 EI
4 EI
Lij
` Batang AD
4 EI
M1
LAD
=
M2
2 EI
LAD
` Batang BE
4 EI
M3
LBE
=
M4
2 EI
LBE

` Batang CF
4 EI

di

; dimana i dan j merupakan titik ujung elemen

dj

Lij

2 EI
LAD

d1

4 EI
4

2 EI
4

d1

4 EI

d2

2 EI

4 EI

d2

LAD

2 EI
LBE

d3

4 EI
4

2 EI
4

d3

4 EI

d4

d4

2 EI

4 EI

LBE

2 EI

4 EI

2 EI

EI

EI

1.000

0.500

d1

0.500

1.000

d2

1.000

0.500

d3

0.500

1.000

d4

M5
M6

LCF

LCF

d5

2 EI

4 EI

d6

LCF

LCF

d5

2 EI

4 EI

d6

4 EI
4

2 EI
4

d7

2 EI

4 EI

d8

` Batang DG
4 EI
M7
LDG
=
M8
2 EI

2 EI
LDG

d7

4 EI

d8

LDG

LDG

` Batang EH
4 EI
M9
LEH
=
M10
2 EI

2 EI
LEH

d9

4 EI
4

2 EI
4

d9

4 EI

d10

d10

LEH
` Batang DE
4 EI
M11
LDE
=
M12
2 EI
LDE
` Batang EF
4 EI
M13
LEF
=
M14
2 EI
LEF

2 EI

4 EI

LEH

2 EI
LDE

d11

4 EI
7.2

2 EI
7.2

d11

4 EI

d12

2 EI

4 EI

d12

7.2

7.2

4 EI
6.0

2 EI
6.0

d13

2 EI

4 EI

d14

6.0

6.0

4 EI
7.2

2 EI
7.2

d15

2 EI

4 EI

d16

7.2

7.2

LDE

2 EI
LEF

d13

4 EI

d14

LEF

` Batang GH
4 EI
M15
LGH
=
M16
2 EI

2 EI
LGH

d15

4 EI

d16

LGH

LGH

EI

EI

EI

EI

EI

EI

1.000

0.500

d5

0.500

1.000

d6

1.000

0.500

d7

0.500

1.000

d8

1.000

0.500

d9

0.500

1.000

d10

0.556

0.278

d11

0.278

0.556

d12

0.667

0.333

d13

0.333

0.667

d14

0.556

0.278

d15

0.278

0.556

d16

C. Perhitungan Matriks

{A} =

{A}T =

0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
-0.250
-0.250
-0.250
-0.250
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0.250
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
0
0
0
0
0
0
2

0.250
0
1
0
0
0
0
2

Matriks Deformasi {A}


0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
4
5

0.250
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

0.250
0
0
1
0
0
0
4

0.250
0
0
0
0
0
0
5

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
6

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
7

Matriks Momen Primer {Mo}


0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4
0
5
0
6
0
7
0
8
o
{M } =
0
9
0
10
-149.760
11
149.760
12
-54.000
13
54.000
14
-97.200
15
97.200
16

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Transpose Matriks Deformation {A}T


0.250 -0.250 -0.250 -0.250 -0.250
0
0
0.250
0.250
0.250 0.250
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
6
7
8
9
10
11

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
12

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
13

0
0
0
0
1
0
0
14

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
15

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
16

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

{S} = EI

1.000
0.500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0.500
1.000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2

0
0
1.000
0.500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

0
0
0.500
1.000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4

0
0
0
0
1.000
0.500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5

0
0
0
0
0.500
1.000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6

Matriks Kekakuan Elemen {S}


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.000
0.500
0
0
0
0.500
1.000
0
0
0
0
0
1.000 0.500
0
0
0
0.500 1.000
0
0
0
0
0
0.556
0
0
0
0
0.278
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
8
9
10
11

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.278
0.556
0
0
0
0
12

Mengalikan matriks kekakuan elemen {S} dengan matriks deformasi {D}


{S} * {A}
0.375
0
0.5
0
0
0
0
1
0.375
0
1
0
0
0
0
2
0.375
0
0
0.5
0
0
0
3
0.375
0
0
1
0
0
0
4
0.375
0
0
0
0.5
0
0
5
0.375
0
0
0
1
0
0
6
-0.375 0.375
1
0
0
0.5
0
7
-0.375 0.375
0.5
0
0
1
0
8
-0.375 0.375
0
1
0
0
0.5
9
-0.375 0.375
0
0.5
0
0
1
10
{S}*{A} =
0
0
0.5556 0.27778
0
0
0
11
0
0
0.2778 0.55556
0
0
0
12
0
0
0
0.66667 0.3333
0
0
13
0
0
0
0.33333 0.6667
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
0.5556 0.2778
15
0
0
0
0
0
0.2778 0.5556
16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Matriks kekakuan struktur {K}

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.667
0.333
0
0
13

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.333
0.667
0
0
14

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.556
0.278
15

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.278
0.556
16

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

{K} =

{K}-1 =

Matriks beban akibat momen primer


{A}T * {-Mo}
0
1
0
2
149.760
3
-95.760
4
o
{Q Momen} =
-54.000
5
97.200
6
-97.200
7

0.9375
-0.375
0
0
0.375
-0.375
-0.375
1

{K} = {A}T * ({S} * {A})


-0.375
0
0
0.375 -0.375 -0.375
0.375 0.375
0.375
0
0.375 0.375
0.375 2.5556 0.27778
0
0.5
0
0.375 0.2778 3.22222 0.3333
0
0.5
0
0
0.33333 1.6667
0
0
0.375
0.5
0
0
1.5556 0.2778
0.375
0
0.5
0
0.2778 1.5556
2
3
4
5
6
7

Menginverskan matriks kekakuan struktur


{K}-1
2.6698 3.6528 -0.4917 -0.307 -0.5393 -0.056
3.6528 10.835 -1.2784 -0.8903 -0.6438 -1.0974
-0.4917 -1.2784 0.5775 0.06173 0.0983 -0.0272
-0.307 -0.8903 0.0617 0.41217 -0.0134 0.1232
-0.5393 -0.6438 0.0983 -0.0134 0.724 -0.012
-0.056 -1.0974 -0.0272 0.12325 -0.012 0.8934
-0.1283 -1.2492 0.1747 -0.0139 0.0316 0.0519
1
2
3
4
5
6

Matriks beban akibat beban luar


{F}
-60
1
-40
2
0
3
0
4
o
{Q beban} =
0
5
0
6
0
7

Matriks perpindahan titik kumpul

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

{K-1}
-0.1283
-1.2492
0.1747
-0.0139
0.0316
0.0519
0.9083
7

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Matriks beban titik kumpul ekivalen


{Qo} = ({A}T * {-Mo}) + {F}
-60.000
1
-40.000
2
149.760
3
-95.760
4
o
{Q beban} =
-54.000
5
97.200
6
-97.200
7

{D} = {K}-1 * {Qo}


-314.38
1
-709.23
2
136.29
3
37.86
4
{D} =
30.77
5
113.83
6
0.205
7

Mengalikan Matriks
({S} * {A}) * {D}
-49.750
1
18.394
2
-98.965
3
-80.037
4
-102.512
5
-87.129
6
45.135
7
33.905
8
{H} =
-110.107
9
-128.933
10
86.232
11
58.890
12
35.494
13
33.129
14
63.295
15
31.733
16

Matriks Momen Primer


{Mo}
0.000
1
0.000
2
0.000
3
0.000
4
0.000
5
0.000
6
0.000
7
0.000
8
{H} =
0.000
9
0.000
10
-149.760
11
149.760
12
-54.000
13
54.000
14
-97.200
15
97.200
16

Kontrol momen tiap joint batang

Matriks Momen Akhir


{M} = {Mo} + {H}
-49.750
AD
18.394
DA
-98.965
BE
-80.037
EB
-102.512
CF
-87.129
FC
45.135
DG
33.905
GD
{H} =
-110.107
EH
-128.933
HE
-63.528
DE
208.650
ED
-18.506
EF
87.129
FE
-33.905
GH
128.933
HG

` Titik D = MDA
= 18.394
= 0.000

+
+

MDE
-63.528

+
+

MDG
45.135

` Titik E = MED
= 208.650
= 0.000

+
+

MEB
-80.037

+
+

MEF
-18.506

` Titik F = MFC
= -87.129
= 0.000

+
+

MFE
87.129

+
+

MEH
-110.11

` Titik G = MGD
= 33.905
= 0.000

+
+

MGH
-33.905

` Titik H = MHG
= 128.933
= 0.000

+
+

MHE
-128.93

D. Free Body
` Batang AD
MAD = -49.750 ton.m

F1

HD

MDA

MDA =

18.394 ton.m

MD = 0

4m

- HA L - MAD + MDA = 0
- HA

HA

MAD

HA =

-49.750 + 18.394 = 0
-7.839

ton

H = 0
+ HA + HD + F1 = 0
HD = -52.161 ton

` Batang BE
MBE = -98.965 ton.m

HE

MEB

MEB = -80.037 ton.m


ME = 0

4m

- HB L - MBE - MEB = 0
- HB

HB

MBE

-98.965

-80.037 = 0

HB = -44.751 ton

H = 0
+ HB + HE = 0
HE =

44.751 ton

` Batang CF
MCF = -102.512 ton.m

HF

MFC

MFC = -87.129 ton.m


MF = 0

4m

- HC L - MCF - MFC = 0
- HC

HC

MCF

-102.512

HC = -47.410 ton
H = 0
+ HC + HF = 0
HF =

47.410 ton

-87.129 = 0

` Batang DG
MDG = 45.135 ton.m

F2

HG

MGD

MGD = 33.905 ton.m


MG = 0

4m

+ HD L + MDG + MGD = 0
+ HD

HD

MDG

+ 45.135 + 33.905 = 0

HD = -19.760 ton
H = 0
+ HG + HH + P2 = 0
HH = -20.240 ton

` Batang EH
MEH = -110.107 ton.m

HH

MHE

MHE = -128.933 ton.m


MF = 0

4m

- HE L - MEH - MHE = 0
- HE

HE

MEH

-110.107 -128.933 = 0

HE = -59.760 ton
H = 0
+ HE + HH = 0
HH = 59.760 ton

` Batang DE
P1 = 80 kN

MDE = -63.528 ton.m


q = 18 kN/m

MED = 208.650 ton.m

MDE

MED

3,6m

3,6m

ME = 0
+ VD(L) - qL (L/2) - P(L/2) - MDE + MED = 0
+ VD

7.2 - 129.6 3.6 - 80

3.6 - 63.528 + 208.650 = 0

+ VD = 84.644 ton
MD = 0
- VE(L) + qL (L/2) + P(L/2) + MDE + MED = 0
- VE

7.2 + 129.6 3.6 + 80

3.6 - 63.528 + 208.650 = 0

+ VE = 124.956 ton
V = 0
+ VD + VE - Q - P1 = 0
+ 84.644 + 124.956 - 129.60 - 80 = 0
0.000 = 0.000 ok!!!
` Batang EF
MEF = -18.506 ton.m

q = 18 kN/m

MFE =

MEF

MFE

6m
MF = 0
+ VE(L) - qL (L/2) - MEF + MFE = 0
+ VE

6.0 - 18.0 6.0 3.0 - 18.506 + 87.129 = 0

+ VE = 42.563 ton
ME = 0
- VF(L) + qL (L/2) - MEF + MFE = 0
- VF

6.0 + 18.0 6.0 3.0 - 18.506 + 87.129 = 0

+ VF = 65.437 ton
V = 0
+ VDE + VED - qL = 0
+ 42.563 + 65.437 - 18.0 6.0 = 0
0.000 = 0.000 ok!!!

87.129 ton.m

` Batang GH
P2 = 60 kN

q = 10 kN/m

MGH =

-33.905

ton.m

MHG =

128.933

ton.m

MGH

MHG

3,6m

3,6m

MH = 0
+ VG(L) - qL (L/2) - P(L/2) - MGH + MHG = 0
+ VG

7.2 -

72.0

3.6 - 60

3.6 - 33.905 + 128.933 = 0

+ VG = 52.802 ton
MG = 0
- VH(L) + qL (L/2) + P(L/2) + MGH + MHG = 0
- VH

7.2 +

+ VH =

72.0

3.6 + 60

3.6 - 33.905 + 128.933 = 0

79.198 ton

V = 0
+ VG + VH - Q - P2 = 0
+ 52.802 + 79.198 - 72.00 - 60 = 0
0.000 = 0.000 ok!!!

C. Reaksi perletakan struktur


` Titik A
RAH = HAD = -7.839 ton
RAV = VDE + VGH =
MA = MAD =
` Titik B
RBH = HBE =

84.644 + 52.802 = 137.446 ton

-49.750 ton.m

-44.751 ton

RBV = VED + VEF + VHG =


MB = MBE =

124.96 + 42.563 + 79.198 = 246.717 ton

-98.965 ton.m

` Titik C
RCH = HCF =

-47.410 ton

RCV = VFE =

65.437 ton

MC = MCF =

-102.512 ton.m

Hasil perhitungan reaksi perletakan digambarkan sebagai berikut :


P2 = 60 kN
q2 = 10 kN/m
F2 = 40 kN

4m

P1 = 80 kN
q1 = 18 kN/m
F1 = 60 kN

4m

RAH

MA

RBH

3,6m
RAV

3,6m
7,2m

RBV

MB

RCH

6m
6m

MC

RCV

Data pembebanan :
` P1 = 80 ton
` P2 = 60 ton
` F1 = 60 ton
F2 = 40 ton
` Q1 = qL = 18.0 7.2 = 129.60 ton.m
` Q2 = qL = 18.0 6.0 = 108.00 ton.m
` Q3 = qL = 10.0 7.2 = 72.00 ton.m
Kontrol keseimbangan struktur
` H = 0
RAH + RBH + RCH - F1 - F2 = 0
-7.839 -44.751 -47.410 + 60 + 40 = 0
0.000 = 0 ok!!!!
` V = 0
RAV + RBV + RCV - P1 -P2 - Q1 - Q2 - Q3 = 0
137.446 + 246.717 + 65.437 - 80.0 - 60.0 - 129.60 - 108.00 - 72.00 = 0
0.00 = 0 ok!!!!
` MC = 0
= RAV 13.2 + RBV 6.0 - Q1 9.6 - Q2 3.0 - Q3 9.6 - P1
F1 4.0
= 137.446
60.0 9.6
= 1814.286
49.750 = 0.000 =

9.6 - P2

9.6 +

+ F2 8.0 - MA - MB - MC = 0
13.2 + 246.717 6.0 - 129.60 9.6 - 108.0 3.0 - 72.0 9.6 - 80.0 9.6 + 60.0 4.0 + 40.0 8.0 - 49.750 - 98.965 - 102.512 = 0
+ 1480.302 - 1244.2 - 324.0 - 691.2 - 768.0 - 576.0 + 240.0 + 320.0 98.965 - 102.512 = 0
0 ok!!!!

E. Gaya - gaya dalam


` Batang AD
MAD = -49.750 ton.m
MDA =

HA =

18.394 ton.m

-7.839

ton

HD = -52.161 ton
MD = 0
Mx = + HA x - MAD = 0

F1

HD

MAD

Dx =

4m
x
HA

MDA

-49.750 = 0

= 7.839

Nx = - VD + VG
= - 84.644 + 52.802
= -137.446
0
1
2

Mx
Dx
Nx
` Batang BE
MBE = -98.965 ton.m

7.839
-Mx

-49.750

-41.911

-34.072
7.839
-137.446

-26.233

-18.394

HB = -44.751 ton

MEB = -80.037 ton.m

HE =

44.751 ton
ME = 0
Mx = + HB x - MBE = 0

HE

MEB

Dx =

4m
x
HB

MBE

Mx
x

-98.965 = 0
44.751

Nx = - VE + VE + VH + VH
= - 124.956 + 42.563 + 79.198
= -246.717
0
1
2
3

Mx
Dx
Nx
` Batang CF
MCF = -102.512 ton.m

44.751 x

-98.965

-54.215

-9.464
44.751
-246.717

35.286

4
80.037

HC = -47.410 ton

MFC = -87.129 ton.m

HF =

47.410 ton
MF = 0
Mx = + HC x - MCF = 0

HF

MFC

Dx =

4m
x
HC

MCF

47.410 x -102.512 = 0
Mx
x

47.410

Nx = - VF
= - 65.437
= -65.437
0
1

Mx -102.512
Dx
Nx

-55.102

-7.691
47.410
-65.437

39.719

87.129

` Batang DG
MDG = 45.135 ton.m

HD = -19.760 ton

MGD = 33.905 ton.m

HG = -20.240 ton
MG = 0
Mx = - HD x + MDG = 0

F2

HG

= -19.760 x + 45.135 = 0

MGD

Dx =

4m

HD

MDG

Mx
x

= -19.760

Nx = - VG
= - 52.802
= -52.802
0
1

Mx
Dx
Nx

45.135

` Batang EH
MEH = -110.107 ton.m

HE =

-59.760 ton

MHE = -128.933 ton.m

HH =

59.760 ton

25.375

5.615
-19.760
-52.802

-14.145

-33.905

MH = 0
Mx = + HE x - MEH = 0

HH

MHE

Dx =

4m
x
HE

MEH

59.760 x -110.107 = 0
Mx
x

59.760

Nx = - VH
= - 79.198
= -79.198
0
1

Mx -110.107
Dx
Nx

-50.347

9.413
59.760
-79.198

69.173

128.933

` Batang DE
P1 = 80 kN

MDE = -63.528 ton.m

x2
x1

MED = 208.650 ton.m

q = 18 kN/m

VD =

MDE

3,6m
VED

VDE

interval 0 < x1 <

3.6 m

` Mx1 = VD(x) - (q.x)(1/2x) - MDE


= 84.644 x - 9.0 x - 63.528
Mx
= 84.644 - 18.0 x
x
interval
3.6 < X2 < 0.0 m
` Dx =

` Mx1 = VE(x) - (q.x)(1/2x) - MED


= 124.956 x - 9.0 x - 208.650
` Dx =

VE = 124.956 ton

MED

3,6m

84.644 ton

Mx
x

= -124.956 + 18.0 x

3.6

Mx

-63.528

12.116

69.760

109.404

124.551

Dx

84.644

66.644

48.644

30.644

19.844

3.6

Mx

124.551

85.217

5.262

-92.694

-208.650

Dx

-60.156

-70.956

-88.956

-106.956 -124.956

` Nx = - HD + HE
= - -52.161 + 44.751
= 7.410

` Batang EF

x1
MEF = -18.506 ton.m

q = 18 kN/m

MFE =

MEF

VE = 42.563 ton

MFE

VF = 65.437 ton

6m
VED

VDE

interval 0 < x1 <

6.0 m

` Mx1 = VE(x) - qx(1/2x) -MEF


= 42.563 x - 9.0 x - 18.506
` Dx =
x
Mx
Dx
Nx

87.129 ton.m

Mx
x

0
-18.506
42.563

` Nx = -

= - 44.751 + 47.410
= -92.161

= 42.563 - 18.0 x
1
15.056
24.563

2
30.619
6.563

3
28.182
-11.437
-92.161

HE + HF

4
7.745
-29.437

5
-30.692
-47.437

6
-87.129
-65.437

` Batang GH
P2 = 60 kN

x1

x2

MGH = -33.905 ton.m


MHG = 128.933 ton.m

q = 10 kN/m

MGH

MHG

3,6m
interval 0 < x1 <

VH =

79.198 ton

3.6 m

Mx
= 52.802 - 10.0 x
x
interval
3.6 < X2 < 0.0 m
` Dx =

` Mx1 = VH(x) - (q.x)(1/2x) - MHG


= 79.198 x - 5.0 x - 128.933
Mx
x

52.802 ton

3,6m

` Mx1 = VG(x) - (q.x)(1/2x) - MGH


= 52.802 x - 5.0 x - 33.905

` Dx =

VG =

= -79.198 + 10.0 x

` Nx = - HG + HH
= - -20.240 + 59.760
= -39.520

3.6

Mx

-33.905

13.897

51.698

79.500

91.381

Dx

52.802

42.802

32.802

22.802

16.802

3.6

Mx

91.381

63.662

9.464

-54.735

-128.933

Dx

-43.198

-49.198

-59.198

-69.198

-79.198