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a[hvlawG r,kHr&SdeJhAs ckajymaewmawGu wu,fhjzpf&yfrSefaemf


raumif;wwfvkdh emrnfawGomajymif;xm;wm ... wu,fhukdjuKH;cJh7wmawGawmh
trSefwu,fawG ..... wu,fvkdhom tzkd;juD;awGodvsif olwkdhvD;ukd ckwfjzwf
csifpdwfaygufoGm;r,f .... usGefawmfqJGcJh7wmawGvnf; tzkd;juD;awG7hJuawmf
awGav .... jzpfykHu'DvkdAs...........
usGefawmfausmif;qif;ump rdcifwyf7if;ukda7mufa7mufcsif;bJaygh
wyf7if;rSL;u olhtem;rSmbJac:jyD; tvkyftajumif;awGodatmifqkdjyD; ac:xm;‘‘
w,f .... at;uG ... atmifpkd; rif;nae7kH;qif;jyD;vkdh a7csdK;jyD;vsif ightdrfvmcJh
Od;uGm .... wyfaxmufu opfqdrfhyifpkdufcif;zkdif ,lcJhuGm...... wyf7if;rSL;rSxkduJh
okdhajymaomajumifh usGefawmfvnf; [kwfuJh tb usGefawmfvmcJhyghr,f .........
nae7kH;qif;jyD; 7dyfomrSma7rkd;csdK;jyD;awmh zkdifukdukdifjyD; ...........
7if;rSL;tdrfukdvmcJhw,f ......... wyf7if;rSL; cifAs ... wyf7if;rSL; cifAsm .............
usGefawmfatmfac:aomfvnf; bmtoHrS rjum;7 ..... aemufrS wyf7if;rSL;tdrfrSm
aewJh 7Jabmfav;ajy;xGufvm;jyD; .... [kwfuJh AkdvfjuD; bmtajumif;7Sdvkdhvnf;
at;uG wyf7if;rSL; a*guf7kdufujyefvmjyDvm;uG ......... atmf jyefvmjyD cif As
wHcg;zGifhay;jyD; .... 0ifcJhavAkdvfjuD; ..... cPxkdifOD;aemf ...... usGefawmfoGm;jyD;
owif;ykdhay;r,f ...... tdrftwGif;okdh0ifoGm;onf ....tdyfcef;em;uae tb tb
at;uG bmvnf; ......... tjyifrSm AkdvfjuD; atmifpkd; a7mufaew,f cifAs ....
at;[kwfjyD igxGufcJhr,f ......
usGefawmfxdkifaewJhae7meJh olwkdhtdyfcefk;eJh eD;w,f ..... jum;ae
7wmuawmh ronf;uJGbl;.......( tkduGm armifuvnf; awmfjyDuGm .... t[ifh
[ifh a7csdK;ygawmh .... [kdrSm apmifhaew,fav .... 7ygw,f oG,f .....jznf;
jznf;aygh ..... tkd; bmawG vkyfaewmvnf; ....tJvkdjuD; rvkyfygeJhuGm aemf aemf
[kwfjyD nusrS jyefqufr,f .... a7csdK;vkdufOD;r,f .... oGm; armifarmifuJuJ )
cPav;jumawmh wyf7if;rSL; a7csdK;cef;xJ 0ifoGm;wmawGh
vkduf7w,f .... jyD;rS olhuawmf tefwDoG,f ac: rroG,f ..... toufawmh
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odyfrjuD;ao;yg .... 7SdvGef;vS 35 eSpfaygh ...... tdyfcef;xJrS xGufvmonf
tay:ykdif;rSmawmh tdrfaetusDFyg;av; .... atmufrSmuawmh xrDz7kdz7JeJhaygh
aAsmif0wfxm;wmqkdawmh olhukd,fvkH;ukd azmfjyovkdjzpfaew,f .....
atmf Akdvf atmifpkd; a7mufaewmukd; rif;wkdhwyf7if;rSL;uawmh
ckrS a7csdK;aewkef; apmifhvkdufOD;uG,f ..... ysif;aerSmaygh wDADG zGifhxm;ay;r,f
atmf [kwfuJh cifAs 7ygw,f tefwD ..... ajymajymqkd usGefawmfha7Shu wDADG
ukdzGifhjyD;vkdif;ajymif;ay;aew,f ...... a7ShwnfhwnfhrSmqkdawmh rsufvkH;uvnf;
jrifwwfw,f ..... wDAGD tvif;a7mifu olhxrD yg;av;ukdazmufjyD; twGif;
ut7mawGukd a7;a7;av;jrifae7w,f ....... awmfawmf vSwJhaqmfjuD;bJ Asm
pdwfxJrSm judwfcsifpdwfawGjzpfoGm;rdw,f .... aygifjum;xJu vD;juD;uaxmif
aejyDaygh ...... jyD;rS pdwfukdxdef;jyD; avSsmhvkdufw,f ....... usGefawmfha7Shuae
zifukd vSKyfvDvSKyfvJheJh vSKyfjyD;avsSmufoGm;w,f ..... junhf7wm txJrSm
twGif;cH abmif;bDrygbl;xifw,f ......
tJ'daehu vkyfp7m7SdwmawGvkyfjyD; 7dyfomukdjyefcJhw,f ....
wyf7if;rSL; av;vygwf tpnf;ta0;oGm;zkdhjyifqifaejyD ...... wyfa7;AkdvfjuD;
vnf; tvkyfawG7SKyfaew,f usGefawmfa7mbJ ...... pdwfxif usGefawmfygvkduf
oGm;7r,fvkdhxifaewm ..... aemufrS ( atmifpkd; rif;wyf7if;rSmbJ aecJhawmh
uGm .... ) [kwfuJh tb ..... vkdwm7Sdvsif zkef;qufjyD;vSrf;rSmvkdh7atmif
igrSmvsifvnf; rif;bJvmcJhuGm ......... [kwfuJh tb ...
rSwfrSwf77bJ tJ'Daehu rdcifeJhuav; udpeJhywfoufjyD;
t7m7SDvkdif;bufukda7mufawmfh 7ifrSL;tdrfbufukdta7muf .... pm7if;awG0if
ay;r,fqkdjyD; ...... tefwD tefwD ...... tdrfa7Shuae usGefawmfac:aerdw,f
tdrfywfvnfrSmvnf; jcHpnf;7kd;yifawGpkdufxm;w,f .... wpftdrfeJhwpftdrfvnf;
enf;enf;vSrf;w,fav....... tjyifu 7kwfw7ufjunhfvsSif rjrifekdifbl;aygh ....
aemufrS 7if;rSL;uawmf xGufvmjyD; .... atmf Akdvfatmifpkd;
ygvm; ... bmtajumif;vnf;uG,f ... tdrfxJ0ifxkdifygOD; ..... [kwfuJhcifAs
usGefawmfjunhfvkdufawmh tusDFxJrSm bmrS0wfrxm;yg ... ekdhoD;acgif;av;ukd
tusDxJujrifae7w,f ..... xrDuvnf;aAsmifbJ0wfxm;w,f ....
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zifjuD;ukd0kdif;aewmbJAsm ...... cg;ao;ao; ukd,fvkH;av;oG,foG,feJh .......
judwfcsifp7mjuD;aemf ......... usGefawmfvnf;xkdifckHrSmxkdifvkdufawmh ... olhrSm
[kd7Smovkd”D7SmovkdeJh usGefawmfha7Shuae ukef;ukef;uGuGeJh tusDu [kdufoGm;
awmh twGif;u ekdhtkHukdjrifae7w,f .... juD;r,fxifwm rjuD;bl;As ...........
aemufrS xvdkufawmfh xrDpukdeif;jyD; avsSmusoGm;w,f .... usGefawmfvnf;
tvsifbJ zrf;ayGhvkdufw,f .... xrDuvnf;usGwfcsifcsifjzpfoGm;w,f ...........
tjyifrSmu rkd;awG7Gmaeav7JhAsm .......... usGefawmfhpdwfxJwrsdK;juD;jzpfoGm;w,f
olhvufuvnf; usGefawmfhausmukef;ukd vSrf;zufxm;ao;w,f .... usGefawmfu
olhcsdKif;atmifuaezrf;ayGhxm;w,f ..... vufxJrSmu olhekdhukdzrf;qkyfxm;ovkd
atmifuvD;juD;u apmapmuolhudkjrifjyD;uwnf;u awmifaewm ..... ckawhm
olhzifukdaxmufxm;ovkdjzpfaew,f ..... olhrsufeSmjunhfvkdufawmh 7Jaew,f
7Sufvkdhxifygh.......... usGefawmfvnf; rvSGwfay;ao;yg .... olhekdhav;awGukd
tusDay:uae tomav;yGwfay;aevkdufw,f ...... olvnf;7kef;zkdharhaew,f
xifw,f ........ usGefawmfhukd,fjuD;ukdzufxm;w,f ...... atmfjuGm;7OD;r,f...
usGefawmfu ausmif;rSmwkef;u wyfcJGrSm abmf'DtvSqkH;As .... 7iftkyfus,fus,f
vufarmif;juD;juD;eJh ......... awmf7kHaqmfqkdvsifajuGoGm;r,f ...... ausmif;rSm
wkef;uac:juwm ‘kwfjuD;wJhav .... juD;wmvnf;ajymraeJh
usyfvkH;avmuf7Sdr,f
7Snfwmuawmh 7 vufravmufygbJ .....
tefwDu t7rf;vSwmbJAsm ........ tkd ...... bmawGvmajymaewm
vnf; ....... vufuawmhrvSGwfao;yg ....... usGefawmfvnf; ekdhawGukd rodrog
av; yGwfay;aejyd;ekdhoD;awGukd vufnSdK;vufreJh nSyfnSyfay;aeav7Jh .........
wu,fajymwmyg .... tefwDu vSw,fAs ......... aygifjum;uvD;uawmh olh
zifukd wa'gufa'gufeJhaygh ..... ( rvkyfygeJhuGm rif;tzkd;juD; odoGm;vsif jyo
emwufaeygOD;r,fuGm .... ) tefwDuvnf; rodatmifvkyfwmbJ b,folodrSm
rkdhvkdhvnf; .......... ajymajymqkdqkdusGefawmfvnf; olhvnfyif;om;awGukd tom
av;erf;vkdufawmh acgif;av;armhvmjyD; [if; qkdwJh toHav;xGufvmw,f ..
tkd; uGm ........ vufwzufu ae7majymif;jyd; zifom;awGukd qkyfe,fay;ae
w,f ......... usGefawmfhbufrsufeSmcsif;qkdifukd qJGvSnfhvkdufw,f .......
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tvkufoifhav;ygvmjyD; eSkwfcrf;ukdtomav;zdjyD;pkyfay;vkduf yg;pyfxJukd
vSsmxnfhjyD;arSGay;vkdufawmh olvnf;usGefawmfheKSwfcrf;awGukdjyefpkyfvmw,f
t7JpGefhjyD; tusDFukdcsGwfcsvkdufw,f .... tm;yg; arSsmfvifhxm;wJh[mjuD;ujudK
qkdaew,f ..... xyfoD;av;awGeDaew,f odyfawmhrjuD;yg ....... tom;jzLawmh
ykdqkd;ao;w,f ....... usGefawmfvnf; ukef;jyD;pkdhay;vkdufawmh oluvnf; w
tif; tif;eJh ..... usGefawmfhvufuvnf; tjidrfraeyg olhzifom;awGukd qkyf
vkdufnSpfvkdufeJh ......... olvnf;tjidrfraeekdifawmh usGefawmfhZpfukdqJGcsjyD;......
vD;ukdukdifay;aew,f ....... rr t7rf;cspfw,fuGm .... [muGm bmawGajym
aewmvnf; ..... xrDukdqJGcsGwfvkdufjyD; apmufzkwfazmif;azmif;av;ukd vufeJh
tomav;tkyfjyD;ukdifvkduf tuJGajumif;xJukdvufwpfacsmif;xnfhjyd; uvday;
aeawmh raeekdifawmhbl;av ...... vmuGm tcef;xJoGm;r,fqkdjyD; usGefawmfh
vufukdqJGoGm;w,f .... ukwifay:rSmoluacsaxmufcsjyD;xkdifaew,f .........
usGefawmfhtusDawGyguljyD;csGwfay;aew,f ....... abmif;bDukdvnf;csGwfay;ae
w,f ........... jyD;rS vD;juD;ukdukdifjyD; *Gif;wkdufay;aeav7JhAsm ............
tm; tm; aumif;vkdufwm rr7,f ......... olh*kwfom;av;awGukd rematmif
oGm;av;awGeJhukdufjyD; nD;ay;vkdufw,f ............ vufuawmh olhausmukef;
awGukd yGwfoyfjyD; ........... olhukd tdyf,may:vSJcsvkdufw,f ....... eSKwfcrf;
jcif;awhpkyfjyd; atmufukdwjznf;jznf;csif;qif;oGm;awmh ekdhoD;av;awGukd vSsm
eJh,ufjyD;uvdvkduf oGm;eJhukdufacsay;vkdufeJh ........ olhapmufzkwfjuD;ukd vufeJh
uvdvdkufeJh ......... Akdufukderf;jyD;atmufukd avSsmqif;oGm;awmh olhapmufarGSG;
awGeJh qD;ckHav;ukd tomav;,ufay;vkdufw,f ....... vufu ekdhawGukdacsay;
jyD; ........ omomav; apmufzkwfjum;xJukdwkd;0ifoGm;w,f ....... oluvnf;
tvkdufoifhav; aygifjzJay;xm;w,f ..... ( tkduGm bmawGvkyfOD;rvkdhvnf;
‘'DvkdwcgrS rcHzl;bl;uGm ....... ) rr ukdaumif;atmifvkyfay;rvkdhygAsm ......
qdkjyD; ....... aygifeSpfacsmif;ukd tomqJGjzJvkdufw,f ....... jyD;rS apmufzkwfjuD;
ukd oGm;eJhukdufcsvkdufjyD; ......... tuJGajumif;av;xJukd vSsmoyfwifay;vkduf
awmh olhcrsm cg;av;aumhjyD; usGefawmfhacgif;ukd twif;bJ olhapmufpd7SdwJh
tay:ukd qJGwifay;w,f ........... usGefawmfvnf;vSsmukd tvkdufoifhav; ...
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xkwfxm;vdkufjyD; olhvufvSKyfwJhtwkdif;vkdufoGm;vkdufw,f ...... cg;uav;
aumhvkduf vufuusGefawmfhacgif;ukdukdifjyD; apmufpdav;ukdvSsmeJhxkd;ckdif;vkdufeJh
tvkyfjzpfaew,f ........ aemufrSusGefawfmu
apmufacgif;av;xJukdvSsmxkd;xnfh
jyD; vSsmeJhvkd;ay;vkdufw,f ..... ( tkd; tm; tm; ....... t[ifh [ifh ... )
b,fvkdvkyfaewmvnf;uGm ........ rr raeekdifawmhbl;uGm ...... ( tkdh 0kd; ...
[mh t tm;;; ) toHawGawmhpkHvmjyD ........ olhapmufzkwfeSkwfcrf;om;awGukd
oGm;av;eJh rematmif judwfay;vkduf apmufpdav;ukdvSsmzsm;av;eJh uvday;
vkduf apmufacgif;xJukd vSsmeJhvkd;ay;vkdufawmh ....... apmuf7nfjunhfawGGxGuf
vmw,f ....... ( t t tm; rr jyD;awmhr,f .......... t [ [ tmuGm ..
b,fvkdjuD;rSef;rodbl;uGm ....... ) cyfnKnKuav;ajymonf ......... 2 rdepf
avmufjumawmh olhapmufywfxJrS apmuf7nfawG 7SGJjyD;xGufvmw,f ...........
usGefawmfvnf; ukvm;yJ[if;pm;ovkd yg;pyfwpfckvkH;ayusHoGm;w,f ...........
tdyf,mcif;eJhyg;pyfukdqJGokwfvkdufjyD; ukef;xw,f ......... ( rr cHvkdhaumif;
vm;[if ........ [muGm 7Sufw,f bmawGvmar;aewmvnf; .... rr urif;
tzkd;juD;oGm;wJhaehuwnf;u tvkd;rcH7awmh apmufzkwfawG,m;jyD;cHcsifaewm
rrukd rnSif;qJeJhawmhuGm ... vkyfp7m7SdwmvkyfawmhuGm ...... ) usGefawmfvnf;
ppfc7moHjum;vkdufovkdbJ xpfueJxjyD; vD;ukd qGaevkdufw,f ......
ay;uGm rr vkyfay;r,fqkdjyD; usGefawmfhvD;juD;ukd *Gif;wkdufay;aew,f
vD;rSmvnf; t7nfjunfawG7SGJaejyDrkd
olhvufrSmacsmqDokwfay;vkdufovkdacsmae
w,f ......... ( tm; tm; aumif;vkdufwm rr 7,f ...... ) usGefawfmvnf;
acgif;ukd aemufjyefvefjyD; nD;ay;vkdufw,f ......
aemufrS vD;ukd tomukdifjyD;olhapmufywf0rSmawhay;vkduf
w,f ........ olhvufeJhbJ usGefawmfhvD;”pfeJh olhapmufpdav;ukd qJHG2jyD;yGwfay;
aew,f ......... jyD;rS apmufacgif;0rSmawhay;aew,f ........ usGefawmfu cg;
av;ukd tomaumhjyD; ‘pfjrKwf7kHav;oGif;ay;vkdufawmh ...... ( t tm;......
[mh .... emw,fuGm ... olhvD;juD;u enf;wmjuD;r[kwfbl; .... rrapmufzkwf
wpfckvkH; tjynfhtjuyfbJuGm ) usGefawmfh7ifbwfukdvnf;vufuav;eJhwGef;
xm;ao;w,f ..... rr emvkdhvm;[if ..... tif; enf;enf;emw,fuGm .......
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‘”gqkd usGefawmfjznf;jznf;av;bJoGif;r,faemf .... tif; .... jznf;jznf;aemf
[kwfuJhyg .... usGefawmfu vD;ukd tomav;jyefqJGeSKwfjyD; “pfzsm;av;eJh
olhapmufywfeSkwfcrf;om;awGygatmif txJukd tomav;oGif;xnfhvkdufawmh
( t t tm;;; ... aumif;w,fuGm .... enf;enf; xyfoGif;ygOD;uGm ...) olu
vkdvkdcsifcsifeJhawmif;ae7Smawmh usGefawmfvnf; w0ufavmufxd cyfzdzdav;
qufoGif;ay;vkdufw,f ( tm; uGm 7ifxJrSm wrsdK;juD;bJ .... t t ..... )
usGefawmfvnf; tqkH;xdroGif;ao;bJ
w0ufavmufeJhanSmifhvkd;ay;aevkdufw,f
tcsuf 20 avmuf anSmifhae7mrS pdwfr7SnfawmhbJ tqkH;xd aqmifhoGif;vkduf
awmfh ( jAd jAd ... ‘kwf ..... tm; tm; ) om;tdrfukdoGm;aqmifhw,fxifw,f
txJrSm wckck wm;vdkufovkd wckckeJh wkdufrdovkdjuD;jzpfoGm;w,f ( bmvkdh
vnf;rr ... wtm;emoGm;w,fuGm rif;u wtm;aqmifhvkd;xnfhvkdufwmukd;uG
om;tdrfukdoGm;xdrdwmaygh ...... jznfjznf;vkyfyguGm aemf aemfvkdh... )
tJ”DvkdrsdK;jum;7awmh usGefawmfvnf;enf;enf;oem;oGm;w,f ..... tzkd;juD;eJh
tvkd;cHxm;zl;w,fqkdayr,fh uav;rarG;7ao; ... aemufwcku tzkd;juD;vD;u
ao;w,fxifw,f 7Snfr,fvnf;rxifbl; .... taeawmfavmufjzpfrSmyg ....
usGefawmfhvD;u olhxufvnf;juD;r,f 7Snfw,fqkdawmh rr u b,fcHekdifygh
OD;rvnf;aygh .....
usGefawmfvnf; olhacsaxmuf2acsmif;ukd ykckH;ay:wifjyD;awmh
tomav;aqmifhaqmifhay;aerdw,f .... cg;ukdvnf;arSGharSGhay;aeawmfh ...rru
atmufuaejyD; cg;av;aumhay;vkdufcsdef vD;juD;rSm t7omukd 7SDoGm;wmbJAsm
( t[ifh tifh tifh tm; tm; ....... aumif;w,fuGm aumif;w,f ....... quf
aqmifhay; aqmifhay; ....... ) usGefawmfhaygifawGukdvufeJhqkyfukdifjyd; jiD;ajym
av;ajymae7Smw,f ...... usGefawmfvnf; aqmifhqkdwJhtoHav;jum;a7m cyfrSef
rSefav; aqmifhay;aerdw,f ...... vufawGuawmh ekdhawGukd qkyfukdifjyD;nSpf
ay;aew,f ...... ( tm; aqmifhuGm aqmifh aqmifh wtm;aqmifhawmh rrcHekdif
vmjyD .... aqmifhay;uGm aqmifh ..... rr jyD;awmhr,f tm; jyD;awmhr,f ....)
usGefawmfvnf; eGm;okd;judK;jywf aqmifhvkd;ay;aerdw,f ( azmif; azmif; zwf
zwf ..... tm;.. tm;.. ti..fh tifh .. aumif;w,fuGm ) ukwifuvnf;......
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wusGDusDGeJh toHawG acgif;7if;ukd ukwifeJhapmifhwJhtoH ( ajAmif; ajAmif; ..)
qkdjyD; ykdjrnfvmygawmhw,f .... atmufuvnf; cg;uav;ukdaumhaumhwif
ay;aeawmh vkd;7wm wtm;ukdZdrfawGhaerdawmw,f ....... wtm; 10
csufavmufvnf; aqmifhvdk;jyD;a7m ( tm [m;;;;; t.. t .. ) usGefawmfh
aygifukd vufeJhwtm;qkyfjyD; ( aumif;w,fuGm rr jyD;jyd .. t.. t )
rsufvkH;av;rSdwfjyD; qufiifqufiifeJh wkefwufvmjyD; apmufacgif;xJu apmuf
7nfawGxGufvmw,f ..... ( usGefawmfvnf;olZdrfysufoGm;rSmqkd;vkdh arS;jyD;
aqmifhvkd;ay;aew,f .... ( jypf jypf yvpf yvpf .. ) qkdwJhtoHawGuvD;
0ifwkdif;apmuf7nfawGeJh acsmjyD;xGufxGufvmw,f ...... olubJ ( armifav;
jyD;jyDvm; .. usGefawmfu [ifhtif; jyD;awmhr,f .... ‘gqkdqufvkd;avuGm....
rrwpfa,mufwnf;aumif;vdkhb,fjzpfrvnf; armifav;vnf; aumif;atmif
vkyfOD;ayghaemf .... ) usGefawmfvnf; [kwfuJhqkdjyd; enf;enf;t7SDefwifvkduf
w,f ..... ab;uapmifwpfxnf,ljyD; vkd;7if;eJhbJ apmufywfxJuxGufvmwJh
apmuf7nfawGukd okwfaerdw,f ...... ( ajzmif;ajzmif; ... ajzmif;ajzmif; ....
t t tm;tm; .... aumif;w,fuGm aqmifh aqmifh .... ) usGefawmfvnf;
tom;ukefaqmifhaerdawmhw,f ..... rru armaejyDvm; armifav; ....
armifav; atmufuaetdyfuGm rr wufaqmifhay;r,fqkdjyD; ... usGefawmfhukd
qJGvSJcsvkdufw,f ..... vD;uawmhapmufywfxJuusGwfroGm;yg ..... jyD;rS
olu tay:uae zifukdjuGvkdufxkdifcsvkduf apmufacgif;xJu twGif;om;awGeJ
xdatmif arSGaevkdufeJh ZDrfcHaew,f .... usGefawmfvnf; tvkdufoifhav;arSGay;
vkduf aumhxkd;ay;vkdufeJh .... atmufuae cHvkdhaumif;aew,f ..... ( t t
t[ifh t tm; 7SD; 7SL; tm; ...... 7SD; ......... ) tay:uaewtm;aqmifhcsae
jyD; usGefawmfuvnf; jyD;cgeD;jyDrkd zifukdaumhaumhxkd;ay;aew,f ... oluvnf;
zdcsvkdufaqmifhcsvkdufarSGaevkdufeJh ( t t 7SD; 7SD; aumif;w,fuGm
aumif;w,f ...... t t r..r jyD; ... jyD; ... tm;; ...... 7Sd; [m;;;;; ... )
touf7SLoHawGjrefvmw,f .... usGefawmfvnf; aumhxkd;7if;eJh olhcg;ukdukdifjyd;
aqmifhtm;aumif;atmif aqmifhcsay; aumhxkd;ay;7if; ( t t rr usGefawmf..
jyD;jyD.... tm; aumif;vkdufwm rr 7m ... [if; [if; .... )
8
rruvnf;usGefawmfhukd,fay:rSm cG7ufuav;arSmcsjyD; toufukdrSefatmif7SL
aew,f ... usGefawmfvnf;rr qHyifawGukderf;jyd; vufawGu zifom;awGukd
nSpfay;vkduf ausmav;ukdyGwfoyfay;vdkufvkyfrdw,f .... rru ( t7rf;aum
if;w,fuGm ..... 2 cgawmifjyD;oGm;w,f .... tzkd;juD;eJhqkd 1cgjyD;atmifrenf;
ukdjuGatmifvkyf7w,f .... wcgwcg olt7ifjyD;jyD; qufrvkyfawmhbJ rr rSm
rjyD;7bJ [wfaumhjuD; usefae7wJh 7ufawGtrsm;jud;bJuGm .... ) armifav;ukd
aus;Zl;wifrdw,f .... rrwcgrSrcHzl;wJh apmufzkwfukdvnf;rSKwfay;w,f ....
rrukdvnf;tvkdvdkufjyD; rrpdwfauseyfatmifjyD;atmif trsdK;2vkyfay;w,fuGm
usGefawmfuvnf; rrukd ppjrifuwnf;u vkd;csifaewmyg .... rwwfomvkdh
ompdwfukdajzae7wmyg..... ckvkdrsdK;usawmhrrukd ykdjyD;oem;oGm;cspfoGm;rdjyDAsm
aemufaehawGvkd;csifvsif b,fvkdqkHjurvnf;Asm ......... rru ... aeygOD;av
rr juHzefjyD;vkyfay;yghr,f ........ jrdKhxJrSm rrwkdh 0,fxm;wJhtdrfwpfvkH;7Sdw,f
tJ'DrSmvkd;vkdh7atmifrr judK;pm;junfhr,fuGm.... armifav;eJhtvkd;cH7wm wtm;
Zdrf7SdwmbJuGm ... usGefawmfhukd qJGiiftm;aumif;wJhrsufvkH;awGeJhjunfhjyD; cyf
nK nK av;ajymonf ...... t0wfpm;ukd,fpD0wfjyD; aemufqkH;vufusefweSmukd
eSKwfcrf;pkyfjcif;jzifh tqkH;owfcJhjyD; ... vlrodatmif tomav;ukyfacsmif;acsmif;
jyefcJhw,f ........
[if; [if; ....
rroG,fwkdhub,folrSrodbl;qkdjyD;AkdvfjuD;i,fi,fav;eJhjudwfykef;ckwfaew,fa
yghav
.... [,f rdZmjcnf ... rif;b,fvkdodvnf; .... rroG,frS tHhjo[efjzifhajym
onf..... Zmjcnfodwm rroG,fwkdh pjyd;tvkyfjzpfuwnf;u Zmjcnfu rroG,f
qDtvm tcef;xJrSm toHawGjum;vkdhacsmif;junfhcJhwm ... jum;jum;csif;awmh
pOf;pm;r,fw,f .... wyf7if;rSL;vnf; 4 vywfoGm;wm .... rroG,fb,fvkd
vkyfjyD; jzpfaeygvdrfhaygh.... junhfrSbJ Akdvfi,fi,facsmacsmeJh2yg;oGm;aewmukd;
[Jh Zmjcnf ..... ‘Dtajumif;awG eifeJhig 2 a,mufbJodwmaumif;ygw,fat
ekdhrkdhqkd tzkd;juD;odvsif [kdaumifav;a7miga7mowfcHxdrSm..... [m rroG,f u
vnf; Zmjcnf ygowfcHxdatmifjuHay;aygh .... [kwfbl;vm; .... ukdukdjrifh
vnf;a7Shwef;oGm;aeawmh Zmjcnfvnf; rcH7wmjumjyDav... ‘DvkdtcgtcGifhoifh
9
wmrsdK;ukdapmifhaewm .... Zmjcnf qkdonfrSm rroG,fwkdhwyf7if;rS a7Shwef;xGuf
aeaom AkdvfjuD;ukdukdjrifh ZeD;jzpfonf .... t7yfuredrfhrjrifh ... rroG,fvkd
cg;ao;ao; zif0kdif;0kdif; ... ukd,fvkH;oG,foG,f ... tom;uawmh rroG,fvkd
wtm;rjzLyg ......
igvnf;ukd,fcsif;pmygw,fat ..... reufzef eifjrdKhxJu igwkdh
tdrfrSmapmifhae .... ig aumifav;ukdvSGwfvkdufr,f .... olhukdawmhbmrSrajym
xm;bl; .... eifhbmomeif rdef;rrm,mokH;jyd; qJGpm;vkdufaygh ..... [kwfjyDvm;
tkdau rroG,f .... reufzef paeqkdawmh wyf7if;vkyftm;ay;jyD;wmeJh Zmjcnf
oGm;apmifhaevdkufr,f .... olvnf; tm;wmaygh ... 7kH;ydwf7ufbJ ....
paeaehqkdawmh reufykdif; wyf7if;vkyftm;ay;rSm a,mifayay
vkyfjyD;awmh 7dyfomrSmem;aewkef; .... 7Jabmfav;wpfa,mufu .... AkdvfjuD;
Adkvfjud; ....... wyf7if;rSL;uawmfu wyf7if;pmjunhfwkduf ukdcPvmygOD;wJh
at;uGmoGm;vkdufr,f ........... rif;jyefawmfh .... usGefawmfvnf; acsG;okwfjyD;
oyfoyf7yf7yfjzpfatmif t0wftpm;vJjyD;xGufvmw,f ......
armifav; ..... jrdKhxJu tdrfukdcPvmcJhygOd;uG,f ..........
tajumif;7Sdvkdhaemf ........... rsufvkH;7SGJjzifhajym7Smonf.... [kwfuJh rroG,f ...
tif; pm;7OD;rSmaygh ...... pdwfxJrSmjudwfaysmfaerdonf ...... rroG,fawmhighukd
ckdufoGm;jyDxifw,f .......... 'Dwpfcgawmfh zifaxmifjyD;vkd;ypfr,f ... qkdjyD;pdwf
xJu juKH;0g;jyd; 7dyfomukdjyefcJhw,f .... a7rkd;csdK;jyd; qkdifu,fukdxkwfvkduf
w,f...... OD;wnfaewmu jrdKhxJu wyf7if;rSL; tdrfopf ....
jcHtjyifrSbJvfukdeSdyfvkdufonf ....( uvif uvif uvif
uvif ) cPaeawmhwHcg;yGifhvmonf.... pdwfxJrSm rroG,frsm;vm;aygh .......
wufwufpifatmifvJGoGm;onf .... jrifvkduf7wmu rroG,fvkd ukd,fvkH;rsdK;eJh
tay:utusDFukd ukd,fjuyf0wfjyD; atmifu ygwdwfxrdukdcg;wif;aeatmif0wf
xm;wJh tpfukdjuD;(AkdvfjuD;ukdukdjrifh uawmf ) rZmjcnf ..... [,f Akdvfjud;
atmifpkd; ygvm; .... [kwfw,f tpfr ..... vmavtdrfxJ0ifxkdifaygh .........
rrZmjcnfu b,fvkdvkyfjyD;a7mufaewmvnf; ...... atmf rroG,fu vrf;juKH
vsif olwkdhtdrfukd0ifjyD; enf;enf;ppfaq;ygOD;qkdvkdhyg ..... cPaemf ......
10
qkdjyD; tdrftwGif;xJukd0ifoGm;w,f ...... aemufrS ( atmifr,fav; ......
emvkdufwm ....) qkdjyD; twGif;rSjum;vkduf7w,f ..... usGefawmfvnf; xkdif7m
rSxjyD; twGif;xJukdajy;0ifoGm;vkdufw,f ... jrifuGif;uawmh rrZmjcnfxrDu
ajcovkH;txufem;avmufxdvefwufaejyD;
l;wpfacsmif;ukdvnf;axmifxm;w,f
aygif;wGif;om;azG;azG;av;awGu tenf;i,fay:aew,f .....
twGif;rSm0wfxm;
wJhtwGif;cHabmif;bD rjzLa7mif ukdvnf; roJruJGawGhae7w,f ......
bmjzpfwmvnf; rZmjcnf .... at;uG,fajcaxmufacgufjyD;acsmfvJ
vkdh...... rrukdwJGulygODuG,f ...... atmf[kwfuJh ..... usGefawmfu olhvufukdwJG
jyD;xlxawmh olu ajcaxmufav;axmufvkdufjyD;rS ( tm; em w,f uG,f
.... ravsSmufekdifawmhbl;uG,f ... ) '‘gqkdusGefawmfayGjyD;ac:oGm;r,faemf ....
tif; .... tJ”Dvkdac:rS 7rSmaygh ....... usGefawmfvnf; olhcsdkif;jum;xJukdvuf
vsSdKjyD;wzufu ‘l;aumufcGufatmufuae okdif;jyD; ayGhcsDoGm;vkdufw,f........
aq;vl;rS7r,fxifw,f ........ aq;ykvif;u tcef;xJrSmbJ7SdrSmaygh ...........
usGefawfmvnf;tJ”DavmufrnHhyg bmukdqkdvkdwmvnf;qkdwm csufcsif;odw,f
tdyfcef;wHcg;ukd zGifhjyD; rrZmjcnfukd tdyf,may:rSmvSJtdyfapvsuf ...........
AD7kday:rSmaq;ykvif;7Sdr,fxifw,f .... usGefawmfvnf; vSnfhjyD;,lvkduf
jyefvSnfhvmawmh olhxrDukd aygifvnfavmufxd qJGwifjyD;oGm;jyD ...........
touf7SLrSm;oGm;avmufatmif aygifwHazG;azG;av;awGu ........ aygifukdvnf;
tenf;i,f[xm;ao;w,f ..... xrDukd aygifjum;xJrnSyfbJ tay:rSmvkH;jyD;
wifxm;w,f ......... yifwDtjzLa7mifu twkdif;om;jrifae7jyD ....... usGefawmfh
ykqkd;jum;xJrSmawmh bmrStaeSiftzJGhrjyKvkyfxm;wJh usGefawmfhwkdufyJG0ifvD;juD;
u awmifrwfaejyD ....... yxrawmh olab;rSmxkdifcsvkdufjyD; .... aq;vdrf;ay;
r,faemf rrZmjcnf ....... tif; vdrf;ay;av ....... usGefawmfvnf;aq;ukd
tenf;i,f aumf,ljyD; olhajcovkH;om;awGukd tomav;nSpfjyD;qkyfvdrf;ay;
vkdufw,f .......( aq;qkdonfrSm eSrf;qDtppfykvif;omjzpfonf / )
usGefawmfvnf; tvkufoifhav;yGwfvdrf;ay;aerd7mrS
‘l;tay:ykdif;ae7mavmufrSm
yGwfay;aerdw,f ....... olhukdjunhfvkdufawmh rsufvkH;av;arS;pif;jyD; tdyf,m
cif;awGukd ajcaewmawGh7w,f ....... aemufrSusGefawmfvnf; tuJprf;jyD;awmh
11
olhaygifvnfjum;xJukd0ifxkdifjyD; aygif7if;avmufa7mufaewJhxrDatmufem;awG
xdvufuav;eJhtomav;yGyfay;aerdw,f ....... olhqDutoH ( armifav;7,f
rr raeekdifawmhbl;uGm ..... ) nD;oHav;jzifhajymae7Smonf ..........
‘gqkkdrrZmjcnf usGefawmfvnf;pdwfrxdef;xm;awmhbl;Asm .... pdwf
tvkdukdvkdufvkdufawmhr,faemf ........ armifav;oabmygbJuGm ....... usGefawmf
uvufav;eJholhaygifwGif;om;av;awGukd qkyfajcay;vkdufawmh ( tkdh t[ifh
tifh ..... ) olhtwGif;cHay:uaebJ apmufzkwfav;ukd vufcv,fav;eJhtay:
atmuf yGufoyfay;jyD; apmufaph7SdwJhae7mav;ukd cyfzdzdav;yGwfay;vkdufcsdefrSm
awmh ( tkd; tkd; tm; t .... ) b,fvkdawGvkyfaewmvnf; armif7,f .....
usGefawmfhapmufzkwfyGwfay;aewJhvufukd oluqJGukdifw,f ..... aemufjyD;
apmufaphae7mavmufuaeb,frSroGm;atmif olhvufuusGefawmfhvufukdukdif
jyD;cyfzdzdav;vkyfay;aeav7Jh ......... tif;junfh7wmolu rroG,fxufyif ykdjyD;
vkdcsifwufrufpdwfrsm;w,f..... usGefawmfhvufwzufu olhukd,fjuyftusDf
tpdrf;eka7mifav;tay:uae ekdhawGukdqkyfe,fay;aew,f .....
olhvufwpfzufu
usGefawmfh*kwfukd vSrf;ukdifjyD; usGefawmhfeSKwfcrf;awGukd pkwfzkdholjyifaew,f ....
usGefawmfvnf;tvkdufoifhav; olheSKwfcrf;awGukdpkyfjyD; olhvSsmukdygpkyfvkduf
awmh oltawmfae7cufoGm;jyD; vufu *kwfawGukdykdjyD;zdcsvkdufw,f ..........
usGefawmfheSKwfcrf;awGukdvnf;oljyefpkyfaevdkufwmrsm;jywfxGufrvm;avmufbJ
olbmomolhtusDFawGcsGwfaejyD; b7mZD,mcsdwfukdjzKwfckdif;aeao;w,f ..........
usGefawmfvnf;vSrf;jzKwfay;jyD; ... 0kd; 0kd; ..... vSvdkufwJhekdhtkHav;awG rjuD;
rao; taeawmf ukdifaumif;7kHav; ekdhoD;av;awGueDnkda7mifoef;aejyD;wtm;
rjuD;yg ........ rroG,fa7m rZmjcnfyg uav;rarG;zl;ao;yg ...... tJ'gajumifh
vkd;vkdhaumif;onf ........ usGefawmfvnf;ekdhawGukdukef;pkdhjyD; vufwzufeJhacsay;
aevkdufw,f ....... atmufbufrSmawmh xrDukdcsGwfcsvdkufawmh jrifvkduf7wm
abmif;bDtjzLay:rSmbJ apmifzkwf2jcrf;jum;xJu vkdif;ay:aewmukdjrifvkduf7
w,f ....... junhfvkdhaumif;vkdufwmAsm ....... abmif;bDtjzLukd tomav;vdyf
jyD;csGwfvkdufw,f ........ apmufarSG;a7;a7;av;awGeJhtwlatmufrSmurkdharmufae
wJhapmufzkwfazmif;azmif;av; vkd;csifp7mAsm ......... rroG,fapmufzkwfuwrsdK;
enf;enf;tvsm;7SnfjyD;apmufpdcsGefw,f ...... rZmjcnfusawmhapmufzkwfarmuf
12
apmufaphenf;enf;wkdwkd ......... junhfvkdhykdaumif;onf a,musmf;awGpJGrufp7m
apmufzkwfayghAsm ......... vkdh;vkdhapmuf7rf;aumif;wJhapmufzkwfrsdK; ............
usGefawmfvnf;t0wftpm;awGcsGwfcsvkdufawmhabmif;bdjum;xJu
tumtuG,f
rJh oefrmwJhvD;ukdvnf;jrifa7m enf;enf;zifjudrf;oGm;[efjzifh rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;
w,f ........... jyD;rSusGefawmfuolhvufukd,ljyD;usGefawmfhvD;ay:ukdwifjyD;ukdif
ckdif;vkdufw,f ......... olvnf;acolr[kwfukd vD;ukda7Shwkd;aemufiifeJh*Gif;wkduf
ay;aew,f ......... usGefawmfvnf;olhukd tomwGef;vSJjyD;olhaygifjum;xJukd
acgif;wkd;0ifjyD;apmufzkwfeSKwfcrf;ukdjzJcsvdkuf apmufaphav;ukdvSsmav;eJhtom
av;,ufay;vkdufavawmh ( t t........ tm;........ 7Sd;;;;;;; ) zifjuD;aumh
wufvmjyD;vufawGu
tdyf,mcif;ukdqJGvkdufusGefawmfhacgif;ukdtwif;apmufzkwf
juD;eJhqJGuyfxm;vkdufeJh tjidrfraeekdif...............
usGefawmfuvnf;txufatmuf
av;vsSmeJ,ufay;vkduf ( jyGwf yvyf yvyf ..... ) ( tm; aumif;vkdufwm
uGm ) oGm;av;eJhukdufay;vkduf apmufaphav;ukdeSKwfcrf;eJhpkyfay;vkduf .....
apmufzkwfeSkwfcrf;om;awGukdukdufvkduf apmufacgif;xJukdvSsmeJhxkd;jyD;vkd;ay;
vkdufeJh tvkyf7Skyfaew,f ....... ( tt tkd; b,fvkdvkyfaewmvnf; ....... )
aumif;vdkufwmuGm aumif;w,f apmufaphukdvSsmeJhudvay;uGm cHvkdhaumif;
w,f .... apmufzkwfxJukd vufeJhxkd;jyD;arSGay;uGm rrjyD;awmhr,f ..........
( t t jyd; jyD; awmhr,f ....... ) usGefawfvnf; vufeJhcyfoGufoGufav;
vkd;ay;arSGay;vkdufawmh ........ ( t tm; tkd;;;; jyD; jyd; jyD;jyduGm ....... )
aumif;vkdufwmarmif7,f ......... t7rf;zD;vf7SdwmbJuGm ...... armifhukdawmh
rr t7rf;cdkufoGm;jyDuGm ......... [m rr uvnf; usGefawmfhukdvnf;”Dtwkdif;
rxm;eJhOd;avAsm ....... ‘DrSmvD;juD;u rawmifawmhbl; ......jidrfaejyDAs ........
[m [ ....... 7wmayghuGmqkdjyD; ....... usGefawmhfukday;tdyfapjyd; oluusGefawmfh
aygifjum;xJ0ifjyD; vD;xdyfukdvsSmzsm;av;eJhuvday;aew,f ...... ( tm; t
r r tm; ... ) b,fvkdawGvkyfay;aewmvnf;uGm armifraeekdifawmhbl;uGm
oluvnf;ravsmhay;bJeJh ‘pfukdoGm;eJh*Gif;wkdufay;aew,f ........ olhacgif;ukd
txJwkd;0ifvkdufwkdif; xGufvkdufwkdif; olhoGm;awGu usGefawmhf'pfukdoGm;oGm;
wkdufaeawmh ........ cHvkdhaumif;vdkufwmAsm ..... aemufjyD;vD;wpfacsmif;vkH;ukd
13
olhtmacgifxJxda7mufatmifoGif;xm;vkdufjyD; olheSkwfcrf;awGu
vD;tzsm;ykdif;ukd
pkyfay;aeawmh ...... ( t t tm; 0kd;;;;; ........tm;;; ) rr7,fb,fvkdawGvkyf
aewmvnf;Asm wpfukd,fvkH;avxJukda7mufoGm;ovkdbJ .........
qufjyD;tmacgif
xJxda7mufatmifvkd;ay;aew,f ........ usGefawmfvnf; rcHekdifawmfhwJhtqkH;
olhyg;pyfxJrSm ( t t t rr jyd; awmhr,f As .. t t ) 7w,frr yg;
pyfxJrSmbJjyD;vkdufawmh ....... ( t t 7SD; ;;;; ) olhyg;pyfxJrSmbJ okwf7nf
awGukdyef;xkwfvkdufw,f .... usGefawmfhpdwfxif tmacgifxJxdyef;xnfhay;vkduf
w,fxif ....... olvnf;raxG;xkwfbJeJhokwf7nfawGukdrsdKcsay;vkdufw,f .......
rr Asm armifawmh t7rf;cspfoGm;jyD rrukd ........ om; armifvlqkd;uJuJav;
awmfjum rroG,fukdoGm;oGm;vkd;ay;aeOD;r,f[kwfvm; ......... [m rr ‘gawG
b,fvkdodvnf; ....... rif;wkdhvkd;wJhaehu rru rif;wkdhukdawGhoGm;wmukd;uG ..
tJ'gajumifhrroG,feJhnSdjyD;rif;ukd ‘Dtdrfa7mufatmif zefwD;vkdufwmayghuG ......
‘gqkdrruusGefawmfhtvmukdapmifhaewmaygh[kwfvm; ...... ( at;aygh[ )
[muGm rr raumif;bl;uGm ... usGefawmfvnf; cyfcsGJcsGJav; olhukdajymvkduf
w,f ........ rr urif;ukdjrifjrifcsif;bJ rif;eJhtvkd;cHcsifaewm .... rif;abmf”D
ukdjudKufvkdhav ....... rif;eJhrsm;tvkd;cHvkdhuawmh rif;u rrukdb,favmufrsm;
aqmifhvkdufrvnf;vkdhawG;awG;aerdwm ....... jzpfcsifwmh rif;tpfukd ukdukdjrifh
uvnf; a7Shwef;oGm;aeawmh rr apmufzkwfu cHcsifvsSufeJh ukd,fhvufeJhukd,f
xkd;xnfhjyD;arSGay;ae7w,fav .......... tJ'gajumifh 7Sifuav;7Jhtvkd;ukdcHcsifae
rdwmaygh ......... [kduf ......... ig awmfh ......
oluvnf;usGefawmfh7ifbwfay:rSmacgif;av;wifjyD;usGefawmfhAkdufawG
ekdhoD;awGukdvSsmeJh,ufvkdh vufeJhyGwfay;vkduf a*G;OawGukdolhvufekekav;awGeJh
tomav;qkyfe,fay;e,fw,f .... t7nfawGayusHaewJhvD;ukd vufeJhqGay;ae
ao;w,f ........ tdyfaewJhiyJjuD;uvnf; rmefzDvmjyefjyD ...... armif7,f ........
r7JapmufywfxJu,m;aew,fuGm ....... enf;enf;ajzay;ygOD;aemf
...olhtoHav;
u cyfnknkav;7,f ..... usGefawmfvnf; olhacgif;uqHyifav;awGukdvufeJhoyf
ay;vkduf olhem;7Gufav;ukdtomav;udkufvkduf em;xJukd vSsmzsm;av;xnfhjyD;
arSGay;vkdufawmh olhacgif;av; vnfvmw,f ....... olhvufuvnf;vD;juD;ukd
14
wtm;qkyfukdifxm;vkdufw,f ..... touf7SLoHawGvnf;jyif;vmw,f ..........
olhvnfyif;ukdoGm;awGeJhukdufcJvkduf eSKwfcr;fawGeJhpkyfay;vdkufawhm ..........
( tm; armif7,f vnfyif;juD;vnf;aygufoGm;ygOD;r,fuGm ... t t .... )
usGefawmfvnf; olhekdhawGukd b,fnmajymif;jyD;pkdhay;aevkdufw,f ...................
apmufzkwfukdvnf; usGefawmfhvD;xdyfav;eJh
txufatmufyGwfoyfay;aeavawmh
( tkd tkdh ... armif7,f ... roem;awmhbl;vm;uGm .... twGif;xJu ,m;aejyd)
usGefawmfvnf; olhaygif2acsmif;ukd tomjzJjyD; usGefawmfhausmaemufbufukd
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