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8.

[Negeri Sembilan 2007 P3 (section A) Q2]


An experiment is carried out to investigate the relationship between the object distance, u, and the
magnification, m, using a convex lens of a focal length, f.
1
From the data obtained, a graph of u against
is plotted as shown in figure 2.
m

Graph of u against

1
m

(a) Based on the graph in figure 2,


5.4 Lenses Part A

(i) determine the value of u when

1
= 0.0. Show on the graph, how you determine u.
m

(ii) state the relationship between u and

1
.
m

[1]

[2]

(b) The relationship between u and m is given by the equation;


1
f
m
1
Calculate the gradient of the graph u against
,
m
u f

(i)

(ii)

[3]

Determine the value of the focal length, f.

[2]

Determine the value of m


if the object is placed at a distance of u = 22 cm from the lens.

[3]

(c) State TWO precaution that should be taken to improve the result of this experiment

[2]

(iii)

9. [PERAK 2009 P3 (section A) Q2]


A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the object distance, u, and

5.4 Lenses Part A

the image distance, v.


The results of the experiment is shown in the graph of uv against u + v as in diagram 2.1 o n page 9.
[Seorang murid menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara jarak objek, u, dengan
jarak imej, v. Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjukkan oleh graf uv melawan u + v pada Rajah 2.1
pada halaman 9]
(a) Based
on the graph in Diagram 2.1,
uv/[berdasarkan
cm2
graf pada Rajah 2.1,]
What happen to uv as u + v increases?
[Apakah yang berlaku pada uv apabila u + v bertambah?]

[1]

(b) The900
relationship of the graph is given by

f
Where f is the focal length of the convex lens.
800
Calculate the gradient, f, of the graph.
Show on the graph how you determine f.

uv
uv

[3]

700

600

500

400

300

200

f = .

100

[3]

Graph of uv against u + v
Graf uv melawan u + v

0
5.4 Lenses Part A

10

20

30

40

50

60

70
3

80
u + v/

(c) The relationship between image distance, v, of and object distance, u, is given by the formula

5.4 Lenses Part A

(u v) 45.82
2

(i) Determine the value of u + v when uv = 700 cm2.


Show on the graph, how you determine the value of u + v.
[tentukan nilai u + v apabila uv = 700 cm2.
Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan nilai u + v]

u + v = ..
(ii) Using the formula given, calculate the image distance, v.
[Dengan menggunakan rumus yang diberikan, hitungkan jarak imej, v]

[2]

[2]

v = .
(iiii) Using the formula P

1
, calculate the value of P, the power of the convex lens.
f

P = .
[2]
(d) State two precautions that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the readings in this experiment.
1.

2.
[2]

5.4 Lenses Part A