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Hayle Rubio

Mr. Hawkins
World history, period 2
21 March 2016
Hitler's rise and acquisition of power in 1933 is an amazing feat. This section looks at the
route to Hitler gaining power. The Nazi Party started out as a small party in Bavaria called the
German worker's party. They were opposed to the Treaty of Versailles and Communism. The
party was borne out of the dismay at the defeat in the First World War and a horror at the severity
of the terms imposed upon Germany by the Allies. It was this party that Hitler joined, initially as
a spy! Hitler soon became one of the leading lights of the party, his inspiring rhetoric and
enthusiasm for the cause propelling him to the leadership of the small party very quickly. The
party, soon renamed to the National and Socialist German Workers Party, adopted a 25 point
program of points that formed the basis of their political manifesto. It was on the strength of their
belief in these points that the Nazi's as they were now known, chose to take force in a coup d' teat
in Munich. The coup was unsuccessful, despite an initial success in reaching it's objectives of
seizing power. Hitler was thrown into prison and the party was, it seemed, destroyed. In prison
Hitler wrote Mein Kompf, which later became a best seller. Upon his release from prison the
party was radically restructured, yet its support remained localized and insignificant in terms of
national politics. Throughout the 'Golden Years' of the Weimar Republic Hitler had little to offer
the majority of Germans. The treaty of Versailles was gradually being amended and the economy
was picking up. Extreme views, such as those held by the Nazi party, were not popular within

this period. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 provided the spark that allowed the Nazi's to gain
support. All of a sudden the support of the American's and the aid pans were withdrawn,
Germany was again isolated and the economy was in crisis. The rise in Unemployment and a
renewed fear of a Communist uprising gave Hitler's messages a new importance. People were
again interested in the views of this extremist party. In a land where the government was
struggling to control the economy, the people and the communists any alternative that appears to
be willing and able, to combat the problems, through whatever means, is seen in a very positive
light. This resurgence in Nazi fortunes is clearly visible from election results. From having little
or no say in the national picture in the 'Golden years' the nazi's rose rapidly to become the
dominant force in the elections of 1932: although they won no overall majority in these elections.
By 1933, Hitler was viewed by many as the only man who could halt the rapid slide towards an
economic and political shambles. Other senior politicians within Germany, despite their worries
about Hitler's methods and political leanings, turned to him and his party, partly through
desperation. The end of the Weimar republic was nigh, the Nazis, in the space of 5 years had
turned from obscurity to Amsterdam of the German Republic. There are a number of reasons
why the Nazis rose to prominence in such a short period of time Hitler's speeches were
inspiring, he was a great public speaker who could enthuse the masses and ignite a sense of
belief. His policies made sense and were aimed at the areas of politics that the German masses
were resentful of i.e. the treaty of Versailles and reparations. His party was highly organized,
flexible in their views (in the eyes of the electorate) and made promises that would benefit all
sectors of the population. Further to this was the Nazis open and forceful opposition to
communism and the impressive use of force and discipline to engineer success for them. These
characteristics were highly valued in a Germany where law and order were being constantly

threatened. Add to this the weaknesses of the Weimar government itself. Proportional
representation had led to a series of weak and ineffectual governments; it allowed the Nazis to
become serious players without having a mass of public support. The government was perceived
as being at fault for signing the treaty of Versailles and had lost support on several occasions for
mismanaging the economic crisis. Hitler offered a feasible solution to each of these faults and so
gained support and ultimately power.