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Problem 6.1 (a) ASK with coherent reception x(t) a, Decision a — fg at device s(t) Denoting the presence of symbol 1 or symbol 0 by hypothesis H, oF Hy, respectively, we may write Hyp x(t) = s(t) + w(t)” w(t) x(t) where s(t) = A.cos(2nf.t), with A, = Y2E,7T,. Therefore, x(t) s(t) dt Sy Tf 4 > E,/2, the receiver decides in favor of symbol 1, If £ < &,/2, it decides in favor of symbol 0 The conditional probability density functions of the random variable L, whose value 299 is denoted by £, are defined by fy po(t!0) = —L— expt Li SE, oD 2 GE) 1 b fey tel = expl- = Li AR WE The average probability of error is therefore, E/2 Po iakyg fuiols!O4, +P, 2 fy yCttvrae b 1° F 2 1? (2)? =e exp FDO + FS oxl- Eda £,/2 ANE, f =~ ANE FS - 2 1 “ . Lo exp(- qa at NE Vang, | E,/2 o% 1 1 B erfe(s YEA7NQ) (b) ASK with noncoherent reception meee Decision detector pan In this case, the signal s(t) is defined by s(t) = A.cos(2nfit + 6) where A, = Y2 5,77, and a O< oS 28 £,(8) = O, otherwise For the case when symbol 0 is transmitted, that is, under hypothesis Hy, we find that the random variable L, at the input of the decision device, is Rayleigh-distributed: 2 ae 2 Fi yo(#lO) = sae exp(- A) LIO ot Note For the case when symbol 1 is transmitted, that is, under hypothesis H,, we find that the 300 random variable L is Rician-distributed: 252, + Aer yy ae cb. £ (81) = exp(- ) Lit Rot, Wot,/2 where Ip(28A,/Ny) is the modified Bessel function of the first kind of zero order. Before we can obtain a solution for the error performance of the receiver, we have to determine a value for the threshold. Since symbols 1 and 0 occur with equal probability, the minimum probability of error criterion yields: a exp(2ha/) VRAIN, Using this approximation, we may rewrite Eq. (1) as follows: #. Aa - AT) 1 Week exp: epjizy fe i Bi » ° 0 0 Taking the logarithm of both sides of this relation, we get 4H. 12th, 1 fe a? ci “| 0 Neglecting the second term on the right hand side of this relation, and using the fact that e azn 2 = we may write oe 1, /Er, evi fre H2 2 0 1 The threshold 3 4 5 two probability density functions, as illustrated below. is at the point corresponding to the crossover between the 300 a