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Papadiamantis - H Fonissa, Anthologisi Diigimaton Kai Kritika Simeiomata

Papadiamantis - H Fonissa, Anthologisi Diigimaton Kai Kritika Simeiomata

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Published by: Stratos Inglezakis on Dec 20, 2010
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H <I>ONII:I:A AN80AOrm:H aIHrHMATQN

TA APInOyprHMATA

THl: NEOEAAHNIKHl: AOrOTEXNIAl:

AAEEANMOY IIAI1AAIAMANTI-l' H <llONI~~

ANeoAor~H aIHrHMATON

e 1996 nAllYPOl: rPA<I>IKEl: TEXNEl: A.E.

AAE8AN~POY nAn~IAMANTH

H <PONI2:2:A

ANeOAorH~H ~IHrHMATQN

EI<.6.0TIKOL OprANILMOL TIAITYPOL

IIEPIEXOMENA

IJPOAOrOl: 11

H AYTOBIOfPA<lJ1A TOY I1AITA..1.IAMANTH 13

ME8A.NMOI ~IAMANTIU:: H ZQI I KAI TO EPrO TOY 15

H <lJONIl:l:A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

AN80AOrHl:H MHrHMATQN 123

eaA.aomva Eu5vMla 125

OMyvQU <J1l1 AlllVl'l .••..•........•..•.••••.•. 125

'EQO)~ - 'HQO)~ ....................•.....••. 144

'OvElQO O'tO XVj.l.<l .....•.•...•.•..........••• 159 Y mS 'tYJV ~aaLALXtlV OQ1.JV •••..........••.•.••••. 170

XXtaOrnxa ~l1Jyrjf.J.am 175

H Ma'UQollaV'tYJA.ov. • . . . • . . . • . . . . . . • . . • • . • • . • • 175

<I»-cO)xo~ AyLO~ ...........•.•.•..•••.•...•.. 189

AYLa ML 3tE8<:llufva .•....•.........••••.••.•• 203 T' ayvuV'tElllla •••.•.....•.•.••.••....•••••• 213 To EVLaVaLOV Wlla. . . • . . • • • . . . • . . • • • • • • • • • . • • 219 OL ~tUYLOOE~. • . • . . . . • . . . . . • . . . . • • • • . • . • • • . • 227 TQfA.A.tl ~Qao'Uu. • • . . • • . • • . . • • • • . • • . . . • . • • . • • 232 H Wxll an' 'tYJV A~QLxa ••••.....•.•••....•..•. 242 o navoQoMyo~ • . . •.............•...•..•.•• 260 To ~tOlQOMYL "rIl~ cp<i')xla~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

T' aO'tfQuxL • . • . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . • • • • • . • • • • • 272

Ta ovo 'tfQa'ta . . . . . . . . . • • • . . . • • • . • . • • . . . • . • 277

Xotoiovyevvuiuxa ~l1Jyrjltam 285

Y m]Q£'tQa . • • . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • . . • . . • • • . . 287

o AIJ.fQLXUVO~ ..•.•.•••••...•.•.•.••..••••• 293 ~'to XQLO'tO, (J'tO xUo'tQO. • . . . • • . • . . . • . • • • • . . . • • . 307

H BAaxoxoVAa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

EmAOfH AnO THN nOII-ll:H TOY nAnMIAMANTII . . . . . . . .. 341

AVQtxa - f)Q1pxF:VTtxa 343

TIQO<; ttl ~'YJt€Q<l ~OV • • • • • • • • • • • • 345

M'YJOL<; (EQUVtO~ta EX tWV ~,aA~v) . . .346

'ExJttcotoC; ~'vxri ••••••...•••. . 348

H XOl~ui~tEV'YJ ~U(JlAo1to'llAa . . . . • . . . 350

To <OQ<l(ov cpuo~ (~t(XOL ttl<; TI(XotO~laYLus;) • 352

ELS; tOVS; a6EAcpo'llS; Furvvdxnv XaL Koxnn r. Pacpmx'YJ

(Xatu1totLo8€Vtac; ~EtU to'll 1tAo(ov «~xCa80<;» ElC; tOY Atxovnxcv xam IavovuQLOv to'll 1902) N-uxta ~aauvov ...•.

To ~LOLQoMYL tl'j<; cpwxLa<; . . . • . • . • . . . . • . . . .

.354 .356 .357

IaTtQtxa 359

ElS; tOY av6QlUVta to'll KOQul'j . .361

E1tw6l'j 1ta1tu at'YJ xoMQa . . • • • 361

Em:u6l'j YlUtQOU atYJ xoMQa. . . • 362

To tQUYO'll()l tl'j<; KatCvas; . . . . . 362

Et<; l1[1tE'llOVaUv nnvuYVQLCOttaaav . • 363

'EQOlTE<; atu X01l:QlU . . . . . . . . . . • • . 363

rmz EIru\N TIl zcr I KAI TO nrro

TOY AAEEANMOY IIAnMIAMANTH

nAAAIOTEPOI KAI NEQTEPOI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 365

IIEPIEXOMENA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 377

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Itov 'tOIlO a\!'to, Il£td 'ta ~LOYQacpLxu ML £QYOYQOCPLXU O'tOlX£La, It£QLA.all~uVoVtat: «H <P6VLOOU», £1tltOlttl toW aQLo'toulJ)'t']IlCl'tLXO't£QWV OLt']Yt']~tWV rou, £mA.oy~ alto 'tl'J IUXQ~, uA.A.U <>XL xm all£A.t']tEa, ltOLt']nx~ It<XQaYW~ rou, xaBO>; XaL Ot']ll£L(I>lla'ta XaL XQCO£L; ltUA.alO't£QWV XaL v£w't£QWV YLa 'tOY bt'] IlLOtJQY6 'KaL to EQYO 'tau.

Tt']Ql16f)'K£ IL£ eQt']O'K£\!'tLX~, ea A.€yall€, £uM~£La, t'] LOL6'ttJltl1 aAM 'Kat YOllt€U'tL'Ktl yA.W(]oa rou, It€ XQ11Ot'] ~Etk.tLa 'taU ILQVOtoVL'KOU, aA.M 'Kat IL£ 'KUltOU;; ~LacpOQOltOl~O£L; 0' a\!'t6 YLa 'tt']v £VX£QEO't£Qt'] UVuyVWOt'] 'nl; ltaltaOLalLuVt£UlS °l1IlLOUQYCu;.

H AYTOBIOfPA<I>IA TOY nAllA~IAMANTH

[nQO>tO~rll.loOL£6njx£ ax' 'to fLuVVl'] BA.aXOYLUVVl'] oro xaVYJ)"UQLxo '[£6',(0; -01; «no/..m(u;» -01; 13 'tot} l:£x't£~~QTJ 1925 XaL aVa~TJ~OOL£6njx£ cero rov Octave Merlier om 1934, orov 'to~o «A. JIaJf(l(j,apavr:1], rQU~l~'tU, It£ xQOl-.oyo XaL OTJ~£tO)(J£L; Octave Merlier, Ev A6ijvm; (l:LMQTJ;) 1934», (11'/... 247].

Eyevvrj(Jrrv €V Ixld(Jw, rrJ 4 Mar}1:(ou 1851. E{3yfJxa a:1ro TOV EMI]VIXOV IX.[oA.efov) ru; m 1863, aMd IIOVOV TO 1867 f'OTaA.1JV EI~ TO Fouvaaiov XaA.,dJo~, O:1rOV tlxovaa rrJV A' xa: B' Td~tv. T1]v F E'ltaOrju:vaa EI~ IIf./QUid, etta Jtf.xorpa m~ a:1rovM~ JiOU, XI fJlE'lva eu; rrJV Jf(lTQ(Ja. Katd IOI').tOV TOI) 1872 E'mjya eu; TO )fytOV 'OQDq XaQtV :1rQoaxvV1jaE'W~, O:1rOV tJlFlva o).(yoll~ JHjva~. Tta 1873 tlMJa eu; Afhjva~ XI ecpo(T1}aa eu; rrJv L!' TOU BaQ{3axefou. Tos 1874 E'veyQl'iqrrrv eu; TIJV cPtA.oooq!tx1jv Ixo).1jv, O:1rOV tlxoua xat' f.x).oyfjv oMya ItafhjJtam tptA.o).oytxa, XaT' tJulV de 1]aXP).oull1]V eu; m~ ~{'Va~ y)'Waaa~.

Mtxe<k E'l;wyQl'itpll;a Ay(ou~, etta fyQUtpa aT(Xou~, sa f.Jox(pal;a va avvr:a~w XWJlwJfa~. Tto 1868 f.:1rf.XE'(Qrpa va y(!dljJw Ilv(JlaToQ1]Jta. Tto 1879 Ed1],iOO/F:u01] 1] «Metavdatu», Eeyov uoo, eu; TOV NEO).0YOV KasvotavttVOll:1rO)'E'W~. Tos 1881 tv OQ1]axEVr:txov :1rOl1]llar:tov eu; 'W :1rEQloJtXoV IWTtlQa. Tos 1882 E'tJ1]lloalElJ8rJlaav} «O: 'E,l:1rOQOt TWv EOvWv» E/~ 'W M 1] X a v F. a a t . AQYOr:F.QU iyQatpa :1rE'Q( W exaxov Jt1Jyfjllam, J1]IlWltV(Jfvr:a eu; otdtpoQU :1rE'Qlootxd tau E'qrq/lE'Q(oa~.

A. n. [AllMIAMANTHl:]

H ~0)11 xat 'to £Q'}'o 'to"

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Zwrf sau {flYo. 0 nUtEQu~ rou ijtUV L£QEU~. H ~'IltEQU rou, to YEVO~ MroQUttr) (o"YY£vij~ tOU 'ljJ'l'X0MYOll L\'Il ~'IltQLOll MWQuttr) , nQoE()Qoll tii; «EtULQ£LU~ nQO~ ()L<l()oow tii~ AtO~L'Xij~ 'P"XOA.OyLU~»), xutay6tav Ul't6 tOY MllotQa 'XaL ~£ta tU OQAoqJL'Xa 'XaL tr)v £LO~OAij tWV Af..~uvwv otr)v TISA.On6W'YJoo, 'Il OlXOY£V£L<l tr)~ xU't£qnJy£ OTYJv l:xL<l80. 0 AA.€;uv~o~, to tQlto Ul't6 tU E;l naL()L<l (Mo Uy6QlU 'XaL tEOO£QU XOQCtOLU) qJtWxr1S OlXOYEV£LU~, t£A£lWO£ ~s ~t£YaA.S~ ()llOXOALS~ rnv Sy'Xv'XALa ~6QqJWoij rou (omv l:xla80 ~EXQl to 1862 'XaL ~na u1J..'IlAOOLUMxw~ OtO l:X0AaQXs(o tiis l:'X0- mfAOll, OtU fll~vaOLu A8ijvu~ 'XaL TInQaLa XaL oro BUQ~'XSLO, un' ozou Ul'tOqJOLtr)O£ to 1874). To 1872 U'XOAoV8'YJo£ tOY ~ovuX6 NijqJWva (qJCA.o tOU NlXOAaOll L\LuvEAOll) OtO AyLOv 'OQo~, onou 6~w~ E~£LVS ALyOll; ~6vo ~ijvs~, XQLVOVtU~ tOY £allt6 tOU UXUtaMY]Ao YLU to ~ovuXLx6 oxrl~a. EyYQaqJ'Ilx£ ornv <I>LA.OOOqJlXtll:X0A.tl tOU nUvEmOTYJ~(O\J A8'YJvWv, WtO 'tYJV 0- nOLa 6~w~ nOtE OSV mlQs l'ttUX(o. flu VU O\Jvtr]QSLtaL OLl~8sts tov sAsv8£Qo XQOvo rou omv nl!0Yv~vuOl1 ~tu8'YJtWv, £WI) :TtuQ<iM'IlAa ~a8aLv£ ~6vo~ rou fu1J..Lxa XaL AyyALxa. MEOW tOl) £;aOEAqJOll tou AM;av~Oll MWQu'£tC~, xu8'YJY'Iltii yu~vuo(ou tOt£, YVWQ(0t'YJx£ ~£ AOYOt£XVLXoU~ XaL ~~oLOYQaqJl'XOU~ XUXAOllS 'XaL aQXLoE t'llv ~~OO(£llOl1 EQYWV rou OtU n£QLoolxa xat £({JI1~£Q(o£~ Pauxavdi; Neosoyo; tii~ KWVOtaVtLVOVl'tOA'Il~ (l'tQwtr) tou £~qJavLOl] to 1879 ~£ rnv O'll~toO(£llOl1 O£ OWEX£L£~ tOU ~ueLOtoQij~t6~ tot! H J-lemvdaTl~) 'XaL MY] XdVfOat, AXQ6.7COA.I~ 'XaL Er:prJJleQ{~. fQijyoQu £XtL~ij8l']x£ to AOYOtSXVL'Xo tuMvto rou 'XaL EYLV£ :TtSQL~ijt'llt'YJ 'Il O1JV£QYuo(u rou cero £qJy]~Q()£~ XaL :Tt£QLooLxa. AOqJUAEOt£QO 6~l.O)~ ~LO:TtOQLOtL'X6 E:TtaYY£A~a rou EYLV£ 'Il O'll~OOLOYQUqJCa XaL 'X'uQLw~ 'Il ~£tUqJQUOtLXij £QYao(u

A. nAnAll.IAMANTH

16

os £cprJ~QL()£~, aMU YLa ~LXQ6 1A6vo ()tuonwa. NoOtaAy6~ tii~ ~lL%Ql1~ YfVE't£LQU~ 'tOU ~%LUeoU, 6reou £reEOtQ£cp£ %atU aQaLU ()Laotiil-lUta, reQou!!WV'tU~ 'tOY 1A0vl1Q1l ~(o 11 'tT)V owavao'tQOCPl1 'tcOY areAWV av8Q(ortWv 'tOU AaOU %aL OWT)8LO!AEVO~ otov 'ta%'tLx6 £%XA.T)oLaoIA6 arc6 'tT)V reaL()l%tl 'Y)A.lXLa 'tOU, aowarooo£ va £YXAlILa'tlO't£L O'tL~ 0uvl18£L£~ tii~ ~cm]~ tii~ reQO)'tfuovoa~ XaL ~ovo£ W~ «XOOl-lOxaMY'Y)QO~». 'E1JJaMe w~ ()£;L6~ 1JJUA'tT)~ otov AyLO EJ...Looa(o 0't0 Movuo'tT)QuXt -<pavaux6~ A.a'QT)~ tii~ ~v~aV1:tvl1~ ILOVOLXl1~- IL£ aQto.£Q01JJUA'tT) rov AA.E;aV()QO MWQa"L't()'Y). Ms 'tT)V reaQO()O tii~ 'Y)ALXLa~ Erea8£ Q£1JIA.a'tLOIAOV~ ora XEQta Of ~a81A6 vu IA'Y)V !!rtOQfL va OUYfX(o£t 'tT)V OT)ItOOLOYQacpLXl1 £Qyao(a. AQXlO£ 't6't£ YLa 'tOY Ilarea()La~lUV'tT) IALa vEa re£Q(o()o~ o'£Q110£wv. AvayxaO'tT)Xf 't£ALXU, .0 1908, va £rtL01:QE- 1JJ£l OQLOtLxU OtT)V ~xlu80, 6reov Xat reE8av£, O'tL~ 3 IavovaQ(ov 1:0'13 1911.

H EXOOO'Y) O£ 't6ILou~ .cOY Andvnov .0'13 narea()La~V'tT) UQXlO£ ~6AL~ ~(a re£v'tT)xov.auLa are6 rov 6ava't6 rou (to 1951), orcv o'Y)A.a()tl EA.'Y)l;av 'ta xa'ta 'tOY vopo oUYYQacpLxa OLXaLWl-lUta 'twv XAT)QOv61twv tou, nQO'1yoll~ufVW~, Ot'Y)V reaAatU O£lQU 'twv Exooo£wv CPEi,;'Y) £(X£ 0UYX£VtQW8f( ~La £XAOYl1 re£~oYQaCjl'1It«1:(JJV rou O£ .0~(OLa reoM ~LXQOU o;Ohta.o~. LreoQaOlXE~ £XMO£L~ €QYow 'tOV, L()LaC't£Qa tii~ cfJ6vwaar;, reaQovOLUO'tT)XaV %at are6 UMOU~ £xM't£~ 1A£'u 'tOY 6uva't6 rou XaL reQLv are6 'to 1951. IlaQ<i 'tL~ OllaxoA(£~ 6~~ reOll O'Y)~L01JQYouo£ a1Jt6~ 0 £Mlml~ tQ6reo~ £xooO'Y); cmv O1JO'tT)lAa'tl%l1 1A£A.E'tT) 'tOU, .0 €QYo 'tou narea()ta~tUV'tT), Myw tii~ IA£yUAT)~ AOyO't£XVlXl1~ ul;(a~ 'tOU, £X£L IA£A£'tT)8£( 600 reoM ALYON NfO£MtlVWV re£~oYQacpwv. L.O owoM rou, 'to EQYO rou ((,,""[O.fA£C.at are6: 1) 'Q(a reQon:6A£La ILv8L01:OQl1l-lU'u lOtOQlXOU re£QL£xo~l€VOU (H ueiavdocu; Ot fll1WQOt 'Cwv e- 9vciv %aL H Tuqrr:01l0VAa)' 2) 180 re£Q(reov OWt01-lU tl £X't£vEOt£QU ()L'Y)YtllAata (VOU~€A£~), are6 .a oreoCu .a 40-50 avacpEQoVtaL O'tT)V ~Wl1 .wv qnroX6t£QON ,US£ON '11~ reQw.£uouoa~ XaL .a vre6AOLrea O'tT)V ~wt1 XaL ''Y)V qJuO'Y) tii~ L%tU80u, XaL 3) fA.aXLOta reotl1~tata, 8Q1l0X£1JtLXOU, 'ta re£QLoo6n:QU, re£Qt£XOIAEVOU.

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17

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19

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A. r=. TrAKONAI

BIBAlorp.: A. Fp. TooKwva, lotopia v7«: veoeM1)VlI<17«: Aoyorcxvla«:, A6Jlva 1981, TOil. III, o. 853-870 / r. BaMTa, nan.aOtaJ,Javrl7«:, MUTW)v11 1940 / HA. n. BOUTlcplOl1, .4\. [lanalilC1J,JaVT7'JC;, .4\. Mwpalr{ol7«:, H ~wry roue Kat rc tpyo TOUC;, ASr')va 1931, tKO. M. ZI1KOKl1 / T. AT]lloTtouAoU, H yN:Jooa rou ttanasiauavtn, ASr')va 1975/ I. Apou}ua, lJlaAT7'JC; ttanafilC1J,JaVT7'JC;, ASr')va 1971 / O. EAUTr], H uaveta rou nan.aolaJ,Javrl1, ASr')va 1976/ O. Merlier, Skiathos, He greque, Paris 1934 / n. MouM6, .4\. nan.aotaJ,JaVT7'J«: auro{3lOypacpouJ,Jevoc;, Nea EMT]vlKr') BIj3AlO9r')KI1, An 29, ASr')va 1974, tKO ... EPIlr')" / K. MTtaOTlcl, 0 nan.aolaJ,JaVT7'JC;. IlOKlJ,J10, AOryva 1962/ e. =UOI7, .4\e~ nan.aolaJ,Javrl7C;, Avop. KapKa{3{roa«: Kat aMol, BaolKr') BlI3AL09r')KT], aplS. 28, ASr')va 1955.

(AvO~'lllocr(WOT] OTtO TTJv EYKUKAOnO(~&lO .. nAnYPOI - AAPOYI - MnPITANNIKA», TOil. 48, cr. 98-99).

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wtUVtrjOW· «Eotl j.tovuxa EXEL£ XOQ(tOLa, j.!dOtOQl1; 0 aAA.o£ XOO~£ bEV EXOUV;».

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Aoutov ELXE xtLOEL tOY OLXLOXOV alt6 ta£ OLxovoj.tLa£ trJ£, aMd ltOLa 1]tO l'J ltQWtrJ ~um£ tOu j.tLXQOU EXELVOU XE<p<lAaCOU; Tnv ooQav tautrjv, xa'tu rnv vuxta t'I]£ aYQtJxvCa£, bLU ltQootrjv cpoQuv to E;Wj.tOAOYE(tO xa8' £avt'l]v. nOtE &EV to ECXEV ELltEL O1J'tE EL£ tOY ltVEUj.tatLXOV trJ£, EL£ tOY oxotov UAf..w£ ltoM j.tLXQU ltQuyj.tata EAEYEV· aXQL~oo£ EXE(va uovov 'ta 0w1j8rJ aj.taQt'I]j.tata, ooc EXE(VO£ 1j;EUQE ltQOtOU va tU ElJt:l'J aut'I]· &l'JAa&~ xaxoAoyCav, 8tJj.tOu£, ywatxELa£ xmdQa; Xat rc tOLUUta. notE bEV to ECXEV ouoA.oy1]O£L £L~ mv j.tl)t€Qa trJ~, ECP' 600v Etl) EXfLVl) - *L; MAW; 1]tO l) j.t6Vl) erou to Ulto'm'tEuE 'Kat to 1];EUQE XWQC£ va t'I]£ tOO ElJt:l) a'Ut~. Nat, ELVat aAl)SE;, 6tL Ej.tfAEta xat ECXEV altocpamv va t'I]; tu ECltl) 'KatU ta; tEA£UtaLa£ OtLYj.!d; tl'J£. m.l'JV bl.lo't'UXoo£ l'J YQaCa, ltQLV altoSuVl), ouv€~l) vc ~w~a~ Xat va xO)cpa~ XaL va j.tELVl) avaCo8rJtrj «onv ltQu~la», OltO>£ ltEQLEYQacpf tr]V xamotamv tat3trJv l'J xOQl'J tl);, XL' E'tOL bEV EM8rJ EUXaLQCa va t'I]£ OJ.tOAoy1]O'I') 'to maLoj.ta trJ£.

Ax6j.tl) OALYWtEQOV bEV to ElJt:E ltOtE EL£ tOY ltatEQa tll£, OUtE EV;; tOY ou'tuyov trJ£. loou ltOLOV 1]tO to j.ttJOtLXOV rovro.

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A. nAnMIAMANTH

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llovax6~ rou, ~O'YleoVIlEVO~ mu) 'tOY uL6v X(lL mu) 'tOY 1taQaYULOV rou, EL~ 'to 1tQOaVA.LOV nl~ OLX(a~- 't6'tE 'Yl YQa(a 'Yl1l1t0QW£ vc XA.E1p'Yl aQXE'tU Xm MO 'ta X£QOt, nl~ va'U1tflYLx11~ 't£xvYI~.

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To 1tOOOV fXELVO, 'to 01tOCoV 'Yl XacSovm E(XE 'XA.E~'fL xmu xmQOv~ a1to rou; yov£(~ 'tl]~, aV£QX0!l£VOV 3tEQ(3tOU fL~ tEtQaxoma YQoma, 'to vOlUO~1a nl~ f1tOX11~ f'XfLVfl~, EXQU3tt£V f1t( 'tooa tt'Yl fmllfA.ro~. AMu cSLU va 'XtLm] 't'Ylv OLx(av, 'to T]VI;T]Of [1£ 't'YlV txav6't1']'tct 't'Yl~. 'Hrov ~£~aLo)~ EQyatLX11 xm fmbfl;(a. 'OOOV nl~ E1tE1Q£3tOV ru JlEQLJlVm t1'j~ aV(l'tQo<pij~ 10(0)V aMf- 1taA.A.11A.0lV 1£XVOlV, EI;£VOOOVA.fUE. nA.'Ylv, EL~ tOU~ rUXQOV~ 101tOU~ «()fV u- 3tUQXOUOLV ELcSLxo(, aUu 3tOA.'UtEXVL't(lL», xm oj[(t)~ tva~ rmaxctA.T]~ X(J)!103tO-

37

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RED BARON .

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