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pdkif;armif\ vD;BuD;onf awmifrwfaeNyD jzpfonf/ x&yfvdkufaomtcg abmif;bDcGMum;&Sd awifrwfaeaom
vD;BuD;u zkzkxpfxpfESifh azmif;MuGaewm xif&Sm;vmonf/
cifjrEdkifonf pdkif;armif\ abmif;bDcGMum;udk vSrf;MunfUum rsufvHk;av; t0dkif;om; jzpfoGm;onf/
aumifav;vD;awmifaeyga&mvm;/
pdkif;armifrSmvnf; rdrdvD;awmifaeonfU tjzpfudk q&mrawGUodoGm;aomaMumifh ydkvefUoGm;onf/
]][m... uRefawmfoGm;r,f q&mr}}
pdkif;armifonf aMumufaMumfufvefUvefUajymum vSrf;xGufoGm;onf/
cifjrEdkifrSm ,ckrSawmU pdkif;armifudk tvGwfrcHEdkifawmUyg/
]]a[U...roGm;eJU roGm;eJU}}
cifjrEdkifonf yg;pyfrSajym&if; xdkifae&mrS ckefxum pdkif;armif\vufarmif;udk vSrf;qGJvdkufonf/
onfrQavmuf tavmwBud;jyKrdonfUtwGuf cifjrEdkif udk,fUudkudk,f tHMordonf/ pdkif;armifxGufoGm;rnfudk
rvdkvm;onfU pdwfjzifh tvdktavQmufjyKrdjcif;yif/
pdkif;armifroGm;EdkifawmU/ vSrf;qGJrIaMumifh pdkif;armif\ vufarmif;onf cifjrEdkif\ rdkU0if;tdpufaom &ifom;
wpfzufudk tdueJaeatmif xdrdonf/
ESpfa,mufpvHk;\ wpfudk,fvHk; MuufoD;awG zsef;zsef;xoGm;Muonf/
cifjrEdkifonf pdkif;armif\vufarmif;udk ydkifydkifEdkifEdkif qkyfudkifum uGyfyspf&Sd&modkU jyefac:vmcJUonf/ pdkif;armifrSm
rkef;Edkif rjiif;Edkif cifjrEdkifqGJac:&modkUvdkufvmcJUonf/

odkUjzifh ESpfa,mufom; zsmcif;xm;aom uGyfyspfay: jyefxdkifrdMuonf/ uGyfyspfonf wpfxGmausmfausmfrQom


jrifhonf/ uGyfyspfab;wGif ajccsum uGyfyspfay: wifg;udkwif xdkifaomtcg aqmifhaMumifhruswus
taetxm;jzpfaeonf/
onfvdk taetxm;wGif pdkif;armif\ aygifuum;ae&m aygifcGMum; abmi;bDatmufrS zkxpfrwfxaeaom
vD;wefBuD;\ t&dyfta,mifudk ydk xif&Sm;pGm jrifomonf/
pdkif;armifrSmvnf; &rufpdwfawG wufMuGaeay&m vD;xdyfrS t&nfMunfawG pdkUxGufaeonf/ xdk
t&nfMunfrsn;onf abmif;bDtom;pudkyg pdkpGwfap&m? vD;xdyfbuftem;wpf0dkufrS abmif;bDrSm
pdkpGwfonfUt0dkif;uav; csufcsif;ay:vmonf/
umrpyf,SufrI tawGUtMuHK&SdaeNyD;jzpfol cifjrEdkifu xdkodkUpdkpGwfaom t0dkif;av;ay:vmwm
bmaMumifh[kem;vnfonf/
em;vnfaomaMumifh ydkrdkpdwfvIyf&Sm;&onf/ uwkefu&ifBuD; jzpfvdkU/
rdrdonf a,musfm;wpfa,muf vdk;wmudkcH,lvdkonfU pdwfrsm;aoaocsmcsmudk jzpfay:aeaMumif; cifjrEdkif
em;vnfvmonf/ [dk;,cif i,fcspfOD; pdkif;aemif\ vD;BuD;jzifh vdk;wmudk wrf;wrIrsdK;rsm; jzpfaejcif;yif/
u&maw;enf;jyq&mruav; cifjrEdkifwpfa,muf umrqdyfawG wufvdkUaeygNyD/ oifwef;om; wynfUuav;
pdkif;armifeJU vdk;csifaeNyDav/
olU acgif;xJrSmvJ 'Dvdk t&Sufuif;rJUpGm&rufaZmxefwm roifhawmfbl;vdkU owday;aewmuvnf;&Sdaeao;w,f/
'Dowday;rIeJU &rufpdwfwdkU tm;jydKifaeMuw,f/ tm;jydKifw,fvdkUomajym&wmyg/ wu,fawmU bufrrQygbl;
&rufqE[m awmrD;yrmvQifjrefjrefBuD;udk jyefUESHUvTrf;rdk;vmwm/ odpdwfu b,fvdkrSrxdef;EdkifawmUbl;
odumawG? ajEawG tm;vHk;udk ab;z,fxm;vdkuf/
]]rif;...wdkUudk oabmusw,f r[kwfvm;[if}}
umrqdyfawG t&rf;wufaewJU cifjrEdkif[m r&SufraMumufEdkifawmUyJ ajymifajymifwif;wif;udk ar;vdkufygw,f/
pdkif;armif[m bmjyefajz&rSef;rodbl;/ olpdwfodyfvIyf&Sm;aew,f/ NyD;awmU aMumufvnf;aMumufaewm/
[kwfw,fav/ udk,fUq&mrudk jyefNyD;jypfrSm;ovdkrsdK;BuD; jzpfaew,f r[kwfvm;/
'gayr,fU cifjrEdkifajymwmudk r[kwfbl;vdkUvnf; rjiif;csifbl;/ [kwfw,fvdkUvnf; ajymzdkU r0HU&Jbl;/ 'gaMumifh
cifjrEdkifudkom &rufcdk;&Da0aewJU rsufvHk;awGeJU MunfUaerdw,f/
yg;pyfu rajymayr,fU 'DtMunfUu aumifav;&JU aoG;om;qE b,fvdk&SdaeNyDqdkwm jyaew,fav/
cifjrEdkifu rwfwyfx&yfw,f/ NyD;awmU pdkif;armifudkvnf; rwfwyf&yfvQufom;jzpfatmif qGJxlrw,f/
pdkif;armif[m wkefwkef,if,ifeJUyJ x&yfvmw,f/
ESpfa,mufom; rsufESmcsif;qdkif&uf &yfrdaeMuNyD/
cifjrEdkifeJU pdkif;armifu t&yfcsif; rwdrf;r,drf;/ 'Dvdk&yfrdMuawmU rsufESmcsif;u wef;aewmyJ/ cifjrEdkifu
toma&SUwdk;vdkuawmU &ifcsif;tyfrdoGm;Muygava&m/
cifjrEdkifu rsufESmudkyg toma&SU wdk;vmw,f/ olUyg;pyfudk pkyferf;awmUr,f qdkwm pdkif;armifodwmaygU/
oluvnf; 'Dvdk terf;cHcsifaewm/
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EIwfcrf;zl;zl;uav;awG zduyfusa&mufvmNyD/ NyD;awmU tm;&yg;& pkyferf;wmudk cHvdkuf&w,f/
pdkif;armif&JU vufawGu cifjrEdkifcg;udk cyfwif;wif; odkif;zufvdkifw,f/ 'Dtcg cifjrEdkif&JU &ifuaumUwufvmw,f/
rdkUrdkU0ef;0ef;&ifom;qdkifBuD;awGqdkwm pdkif;armif&JU &ifbwfrSm tdueJwif;ueJaeatmifudk xdrdvmwmaygU/
pdkif;armifuvnf; wHkjyefpkyferf;w,f/ wjyGwfjyGwfEIwfcrf;csif; pkyferf;oHawG[m wdwfqdwfwJU um;*dka'gifxJrSm
ysHUvGifhoGm;av&JU/
-----------------------------------------------------------

tcef; (2)
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]][kwf...[kwfuJU q&mr}}
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ododomomBuD;yifwkef,ifaeonf/
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rajym&bl;}}
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pdkif;armifrSm ,ckawGUMuHKae&omfudk ,Hkyifr,HkEdkif/ tdyfruf rufaewmvm;[kyif xifaerdonf/
cifjrEdkifu pdkif;armif\ cg;ywfudk tomjzKwfonf/cg;ywfjyKwfoGm; cyfavQmUavQmU jzpfoGm;onfU
abmif;bDcg;Mum;xJodkU vufudk tomxdk;oGif;vdkufonf/ pdkif;armifwpfudk,fvHk; vIyfvIyf&Sm;&Sm; jzpfvmonf/
cifjrEdkifonf pdkif;armif\ wifyg;vHk;vHk;uspfuspfrsm;udk t&ifprf;onf/ pdkif;armifonf
twGif;cHabmif;bDwdkav;0wfxm;&m *sif;abmif;bDatmufodkU vufxdk;EIdufxm;aomfvnf; wifyg;om;rsm;udk
yuwdtwdkif;udkif&jcif; r[kwfao;yg/ twGif;cHabmif;bDay:rS udkifaejcif;jzpfonf/ xdkUaemuf
cifjrEdkif\vufrsm;u twGif;cHabmif;bDatmufodkUyifwdk;0ifvmjyefonf/ wif;&if;tdacsmaeavaom pdkif;armif
wifyg;om;rsm;udk prf;onf/ yGwfonf/ zspfSpfudkifMunfUonf/
pdkif;armifrSmawmU olUwifyg;udk cifjrEdkifudkifwG,fzspfSpfaewmcH&if; &ifxJwGif 'def;'def;ckefaeonf/
ig;ajyrt&Sifwpfaumifudk jrdKcsxm;&ovdkvdkBuD;/
xdkUaemuf xdk;oGif;xm;aom vufjyefxkwfoGm;&m? pdkif;armif&ifxJ [mwmwmBuD; jzpf&onf/
odkUaomf cifjrEkdifu pdkif;armif\ abmif;bDcGMum; ae&mudk tay:rSvufjzifhtomtkyfudkifvdkuf&m &Srf;av;rSm
qufueJqufueJyif wGefUoGm;&avonf/
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olr\EIwfcrf;yg;av;rsm; xduyfum pkyf,lerf;vdkufjcif;jzifh aumifav;\pdwfvIyf&Sm; vefUjzefUoGm;rIudk
ajyaysmufatmif jyKvkyfay;vdkufonf/
cifjrEdkif\ oG,fvsaom vufacsmif;rsm;u apmarmif \ abmif;bDcGMum;wGifaumif;aumif;BuD;udk
tvkyfrsm;aeonf/ abmif;bDatmuf&Sd zkzkxpfxpfjzpfaeaom vD;acsmif;BuD;udk aoaocsmcsmprf;MunfUonf/
t&SnfESifh vHk;ywfudk vufav;jzifhprf;umwdkif;xGmMunfUonf/ pdkif;armifvD;u odyfawmU rqdk;vSyg/ cifjrEdkif\
cefUrSef;csuft&awmU t&Snf ckESpfvufrcefU ESifhvHk;ywf ig;rl;vHk;avmufawmU&Sdrnf/
xdkUaemuf cifjrEdkifonf pdkif;armif\ *sif;abmif;bDcGMum;rS ZpfudktomqGJjzKwfonf/ NyD;awmU xdk ZpfuGJ[oGma;om
abmif;bDcGMum;rS vufxdk;xnfUum twGif;cH abmif;bDwdkuav;udk tomab;odkU wGef;z,fvsuf iyJBuD;udk
qkyfudkifvdkufonf/
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vD;udk vufeJUususee tudkifcHvdkuf&w,fqdk&ifeJU &Srf;av; pdkif;armif&JU yg;pyfu a&Gwfnnf;wGm;oHay:vmw,f/
'DtawGUtxdu tjywfudk cdkufwmygyJvm;/ pdkif;armif&JU wpfudk,fvHk;qwfqwfudkwkefoGm;wmyJ/
aumifav;[m tjywfudk zD;vfwwfvmNyD/
]]pdkif;udk aumif;aumif;t&omawGU&atmif vkyfay;rSmyguG...}}
cifjrEdkifu avoHwdk;wdk;uav;eJU ajymvdkufw,f/ toHwdk;wdk;av;[m pdkif;armif&JU &ifudk odrfUodrfUwkefcgoGm;atmif
pGrf;aqmifEdkifygw,f/
cifjrEdkifu qkyfudkifrdwJU vD;wefBuD;udk vufeJU tomt,mxufatmuf yGwfoyfay;w,f/
vD;BuD;u aigUueJaigUueJ vIyf&Sm;aeovdk &Srf;uav;uvnf; qwfueJqwfueJwGefUwGefUoGm;w,f/
cifjrEdkifaumbmxl;vdkUvJ/ &ifxJ'def;ueJ'def;ueJckefvdkU/ apmufzkwfuvnf; odrfUueJodrfUueJ vIyf&Sm;vdkU/
]]yufvuftdyfvdkufaemf pdkif;}}
cifjrEdkifu pdkif;armif&JUem; em;rSmtomuyfNyD; cyfwdk;wdk;uav;ajymvdkufw,f/ ajym&if;u pdkif;armif&JU
em;Gufrsm;udk vQmav;eJU tomxdk; uvdvdkufao;w,f/ vD;udkvnf; vufeJUcyfwif;wif; wpfcsufqkyftNyD;
vGwfay;vdkufw,f/

vD;tudkifcH&wm t&omawGUaewJU pdkif;armif&ifxJrSmawmU vD;ay:u vufz,f&Sm;oGm;wJU tcg wpfrsdK;BuD;yJ/


[mwmwmeJU/ 'gayr,fU olubmrSrajymygbl;/
cifjrEdkifu q&mr/
olu wynfUav;yJ/
'DawmU q&mrajymwmudk wynfUav;u vdkufemvkyfaqmif&rSmaygU/ q&mrav; cifjrEdkifuolUudk aumif;aumif;
pnf;pdrf csrf;omcHpm;&atmif? olvkyfcsifayr,fU ajymzdkUr0HUr&JjzpfaewmawG vkyfEdkifatmifvdkU? ususee
oifjyay;r,fqdkwmudkvnf; olodaeygw,fav/
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pdkif;armifrSmvnf; rqdkif;rwGyJ uGyfyspfay: yufvufvSef tdyfvdkufygawmUw,f/
cifjrEdkifrSmvnf; tawmfav;udk olUudk,folxdef;ae&w,f/ b,fES,fU? pdkif;armif&JU vD;BuD;udk vufeJU ususee
qkyfudkifMunfUrdw,fqdkwmeJU olutzkwfxJ 'DvD;BuD; xdk;oGif;NyD; vdk;wmcHcsifwJU pdwfawG tjywfudk ay:vmwm/
'gayr,fU tavmwBuD; vkyf&ifaumifav;vnf; vefUoGm;r,f/ olUtay:rSmvnf;
wpfrsdK;wrnftxifao;oGm;rSmpdk;vdkU wpfqifhNyD;wpfqifhvkyfzdk twGuf renf;BuD;udk pdwfxdef;xm;&wm/ pdwfudkom
vTwfay;vdkufprf;ygvm;/ tdk;bmajymaumif;rvJ/
cifjrEdkif[m yufvufuav;tdyfaewJU pdkif;armif&JU ab;em;rSm xdkifcsvdkufw,f/ pdkif;armifu cifjrEdkifudk
tomvSnfUMunfUw,f/ olUrsufvHk;awGu cifjrEdkif&JU &ifom;awG wifyg;awG aygifvHk;awGudk tm;remwrf;udk
ususeeMunfUaeNyD/ tcktcsdef[m tm;emae&r,fU tcsdefr[kwfawmUbl;av/ NyD;awmU ajym&r,fqdk&if
pdkif;armif[m t&rf;udk ESmxefaewmqdkawmU tm;em&zdkUvnf; rodawmUbl;/
cifjrEdkifu tom'l;wkwfNyD; b,fvufuav;udk axmufudkifaewmqdkawmU udk,fae[efxm;uvnf; tjywfudk
aMumU&Sif; yDjyifaew,f/ udk,f cyfapmif;apmif;av;jzpfaewmrdkU wifyg;qHkBuD;wpfbufu pGifhpGifhBuD;
wif;&if;aew,f/
cifjrEdkifu abmif;bDZpf tuGJMum;u xdk;xdk;axmifaxmifBuD;ay:aewJU pdkif;armif&JU vD;wefBuD;udk nmbufvufeJU
tomudkifNyD; yGwfoyfay;vdkufw,f/ olcefUrSef;xm;wm odyfrqdk;ygbl;/ pdkif;armif&JU vD;u
(7)vufromomavmuf&SnfNyD; ig;rl;vHk;avmufwkwfw,f/ vD;xdyfu jyJvefraebl;/ tiHk/ b,fapmufzkwfxJrS
roGif;bl;ao;wJU vlysdKppfppfvD;rsm; jzpfaervm;vdkU cifjrEdkifawG;rdw,f/
tckarwf aumifav;awGu tawmfwdk;wwfMuwmqdkawmU pdkif;armif[m rdef;r rvdk;zl;ao;wJU
vlysdKppfppfwpfa,muf jzpfrjzpfawmU cifjrEdkif twwfrajymEdkifbl;/ tJ/ rdef;reJU ywfoufvm&if tawGUtMuHK
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zufvm;&rf;vm; udkifvm;wG,fvm; rvkyfbl;/ tif;... olu q&mrqdkawmU &SSdefaewmvJ ygcsifygrSmaygU/
rif;vlysdKtppfvm;qdkNyD; ar;MunfUrvdkUMuHygao;w,f/ 'gayr,fU tcktajctaerSm 'Dar;cGef;rsdK;ar;&if
tvum;yJjzpfawmUrSmrdkU rar;awmUygbl;/
cifjrEdkifu vD;wefBuD;udk tomt,mqkyfe,fyGwfay;&if; atmufbufu a*G;OawGudkvnf; vSrf;yGwfay;?
uvday;vdkufao;w,f/ aumifav;&JUa*G;OawGu wGJwGJBuD;vJ jzpfraebl; vD;weft&if;rS
zkzkuav;uyfaewmrsdK;vnf; r[kwfbl; rwGJwwGJ ruyfwuyfeJU/ taeawmfuav; udkifay;yGwfay;vdkUaumif;w,f/
pdkif;aemif&JU a*G;OawG twdkif;yJ ... /
cPMumawmU cifjrEdkifu pdkif;armif&JU vD;udk qkyfudkifyGwfay;rIudk &yfvdkufw,f/ vD;ay:uvufudk z,fvdkufw,f/
'DtcgrSm abmif;bDcGMum;u xdk;xdk;axmifaxmifxGufaewJU vD;wefBuD;[m rwfrwfwef;wef;BuD;udk
ay:vGifvmw,f/ av,mOfypf pufaoewfBuD; wpfcktwdkif;yJ/ vD;xdyfrSm t&nfMunfawG pdkpdkpGwfpGwf
jzpfaewmudkvnf; tjywfjrif&w,f/
]]wdkU...wdkU&JU t0wfawGudk xNyD;vmcRwfay;ygvm;[if}}
cifjrEdkifu toHwkefwkefav;eJU ajymvdkufw,f/ olvnf; pdwfvIyf&Sm;aewmqdkawmU avoHrlrrSefawmUbl;av/
&Srf;av;u cifjrEdkifudk twefMumatmifpl;pdkuf MunfUaew,f/ olUq&mrudk xNyD; t0wfcRwfay;&r,fUtvkyftwGuf
0efav;ae[efwl&JU/ NyD;awmU cRwfvnf;cRwfay;csifpdwfawG t&rf;jzpfay:aewmvnf; xif&Sm;ygw,f/
aemufqkh;awmU &rufpdwfu todpdwfudk tEdkif&oGm;w,f/ q&mr&,fvdkU dKaoav;pm;aewJU pdwfawGudk
tomacgufxm;vdkufNyDaygU/
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cifjrEdkifu xyfajymjyefw,f/ aumifav;uacgif;ndwfw,f/
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aumifav;u wHawG;wpfcsufudk rsdKcsNyD; acgif;ndwfjyefw,f/

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onfpu;rsdK; ajymwmaumif;rSaumif;ygUrvm;[k vnf; awG;rdonf/ odkUaomfxdktawG;rsm;onf
kwfw&ufay:vmNyD; csufcsif;jyefaysmufoGm;onf/ &rufpdwfrsm;u t&m&mudk vTrf;rdk;xm;NyDav/
,ckqdk&if pdkif;armifvnf; tajctaerSefudk jynfUjynfU00 em;vnfoGm;NyDaygU/ olUq&mr vSvSuav;u olMudwfNyD;
wrf;wcJU&wJU &rufqEawGudk jznfUqnf;ay;awmUrSmygvm;/ olrdef;rvdk;&awmUrSmygvm;/
pdkif;armif[m &nf;pm;awmU&Sdygw,f &nf;pm;rS wpfa,mufawmifr[kwfbl; oHk;a,mufawmif&Sdwm/ tck
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

tcef; (3)
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__________________________________________________

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_________________________
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____________________

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__________________________________________________

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_________________
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