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BS 970

BS 970

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PSI BS*970

:

PART:+:1 96 .. 1624669

053.5237 770

==

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procedures anil snecific reuuirements lor ~ .... .... . carbon, carbon nl~nd~n~Q.~ '--'L.J'~, allOY ana .................. e....,..... . . .. sranuess
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Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

PART*1 96

==

1624669 0535238 607

==

BB970 F~·rt1

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Hrltlsn

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CJtanaara

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1 ne preparanon of this B!itisll Standard W~~, entrusted to 'Iechnical (~ommittee ISEi31, wrought steels, upon which the following bodies were represented:

Lloyd's Register of Shipping National .A.ssociation of Steel Stockholders Road Vehicle Spring Society Society 01 Motor ManUlaCtUrers ana. -lraaers LL.1!ll"Lea Spring Research and Manufacturers' Association . ............ ......... , " , ...... , . , ..... , . ._-'Department 01 'rrade ana Inaustr:j tl'~atlOnal i-nysrcar Lanoratoryj Ministry of Defence British Chain Manufacturers' Association British Enzineers' Cuttinz 'Ibols Association
....... •• ....,.... .... ,.., ,"', T •. _ .!~ __ ,

British Fol~g Industry Association Britisll Industrial Fasteners' Association Britisll kort and Steel Producers' Association
British St:l.irlless Steel AsStJciation

been prepared under the direction of the Engineering Sector Board, was published
under the authority of the

This British Standard,

having

Standar-ds Bt-:-Jard nd COITleS into a effect on 15 l\lay 1996 © BSI 1996
Third edition March 1947 Fourth edition Jalluanr 1955 Fff'th edition (Part 1) February 1972
(Supplement No.1 to Part 3) May 1973 (P-~"1: ) Februarv 1970 4 Sixth edition (colllbined: as P-(:U""'L 1) l!iayHj~3 _ .. __ .. ~~. First published. Second edition July 1941 October 1942

~~~ J~r;e19~ir ~j i970

Amendments
Amd. No,

.

-

.. issuea ....SInce punueatron .. .. . .
Date

_

seventn enmon
Eighth edition

November

HI!:f!

May 1996

The following BS! references relate to the work on t.his standard: Committee reference ISE/31 Draft announced in. BSl ... i\fe'J'!)s September 1995

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

8S1

96 I!III 1b24bb9 0535239 543 II

BS 970

Part 1

1996

lJontents

~

.

.

Page Inside front cover
C'I_~~.: ....:~ ..... 4--':-..__., 0l't:t.::.!.!.!\.:i1.(_,.ll_UI

Section
.L • .L

11

1....... ..-eneral Scope
T"I. ,.. ' ••

l!!SpeCLIU!!

anrl testTIlg procedu.:re

1 1
1 1 to be supplied by the purcllaser 2 4
4

1.3
1 ..i .L • ..,. ..!.;il

·
.&. •

....

1.6
-'j Fj .L ••

ueIlnlllons Symbols General mrormanon

Steelmaking and casting process Chern.ica.l composition Product analysis and permitted variations Freedom from defects C~onditiorL of material on delivers Heat treatment

1.9
1 1,-,
..1..\..1

• •• ..!."..!...!.
1.12
... 10
..I..• ..I..U

Mechanical properties
Selection and preparation of material for mechanical testing Frequency of other tests Test methods and test results Inspection Manufacturer's

5 8 8 8 10
.LV

1.15
..1..•

..!.• ..!. !

·....
'1
.&.1..'

'1 £::

In

1.18
1 1'-'
'&'.'&';;"7

statement

11 11 11

:sectIon 2. Specific requirements for as-rolled, as-rolled alld softe:ned and micro-alloyed carbon mar~anese steels

2.1

steels

Specific requirements Specific requirements

for as-rolled, and as-rolled and softened for micro-alloyed carbon manganese steels

," lL.;

12

Section ~. Specific r'equjremerrts for steels for surface ha:rderrlng by nltrtdlng Section 4., Specific requirements for case hardening steels Section o. Specific requirements Section 0. Specific requirements 6.2 6.3 6.5 Annexes A B Tables 1 2 Hardenability
T""'-. .. 11 J.

.LV

i~

for sta.inleas an.u Ileat l"esisting steels for sizes and tolerances

Mass/unit length tulerarlces Dimensional tolerances
07 '-',

Length

curves for Ca..,e hardening steels
,. _..l __ ,

ueOXlaa~lon or steer Slilfur and phosphorus composition of steels Incidental percentages of elerllen.ts in steels Permitted variations of product analysis from specified range 4

4 6

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

BS 970

aSI BS*970: PART~1 9b

Part

==

1624669 0535240 2b5

==

4 5
h
v

As-rolled and as-rolled arld softer led steels: chemical '.. .. ... .... . . . composItIon ana mecnarucai property requirements ffficro-alloyed carbon manganese steels: chemical composition and mechanical property requirements Steel for surface hardening by nitriding: chemical composition Case hardening alloy· steels: cllelllical C0I11position and hardenability requirements Case hardening steels: chemical composition and mechanical property requirements Case hardening
........................................................ +. ...... t'lHt:::all.~

.J.U

1'J

14
.1.U

t

z

7 8 9 10

17 19

steels: heat treatment

and maximum

hardness

I~l_lu.u

Ferritic and martensitic stainless and heat resisung steels in the form of forgings: chemical composition, heat treatment and rneCllaIlical property requirements Austerunc
.f"

11

...

,

stairuess

ana neat resIstIng steers In tne rorm 01
''>1 I\'-.."U'> 1 "t,t:':t::'1 f_)1.\_h:l(.)1. r..1 IlL

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A 1-;; ~ (1HU. lU:~(1I_,It:'::'I~l.Hl~ .

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chemical composmon, property requirerrlents

softening treatment

and mechanical

12

14 Figures

Billets (otller tluin stainJess steel) for forging: standard mass per . .. .... metre ann tolerances 'Iblerances for hot rolled round and square bar and rough turned rounds 'toterances for hot rolled hexagonal bar Tolerances for hot rolled f1a.t bar

29
uV ""

.c:ll...~.~.~
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1\.• .1..

1

... Alloy steels

32

A..l.1.3
£1 .. ..&. .. "&"."2:

A

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Ai

Steel 590H17 Steel 535H15 Steel 637H17 35 Steel 565H17

A.l .. .6 l

A.l.1.9
Steel 805H17 .r.~.1.1.12 Steel 805H20 Steel 8051122
l"!.;.!.;.!.;.!..!.

37 Steel 708H20
'J7 01

...........

"" uC 38

"j "ji!: r1 ....... ~ .....

Steel BOBH!7 .L~.1.1.15 Steel 815H17 A i u Steel 820H17

ft;.!.;

..............!.;.!.!

40 40

41
Steel 832H13 41 42 msiue back cover

.l\.1.1.18

List of references

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

9b

==

1b2L;bb9

,

.l!!.l!

T~

=

BS 970 : Part 1 1996

This Part of BS 970 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISF~:31and is r._.... ....... ... .. r.r... , .,. • .,. .. tecnrncauy equrvaient to tl~ }J/V: ran 1 : l~l except [Ha1:requirements ror ooron steel'S have been deleted. In addition this standard now only applies to stainless steels when ill. the form of forgings. This standard, together with BS EN lCnJ88-3, BS Er.J"10088-1, and BS Er.J"10088-3 supersedes BS 970: Part 1 : 1991 which is withdrawn. T!Ti~ edition introduces technical changes but it does not reflect a Din . .. .. . ~ ...... ... ..... .. .... . .. reVIH\V revision 01 ttl€ stanctard, wr.... wiu be undertaken ill due course, or icn
• , .... .,.. T">o.'-"

The European requirements for stainless steels in flat rolled and long rolled product forms, but not forgings, are specified in BS EN 10088-1, and BS El~ lCnJ88-3 which are the English language Versions of E~~ 10088-1, and Er-~ 10088=3. The European req_iiirernents for boron st.eels are specified in. BS EI".J1008:3-:3 which is ....... ...,. .. ". .,, punnsnen simunaneousiy '~VILl1.trus stanoaro.
'"

,x/ark is conti.t'1uing III Europe to prepare standards coven .ng heat resisting steels,
......,_ .._ ...... . _.

~11rf::U-·pnl1::11it-v "1 ..... ---...""'

,_,_.._... ~-._.

~r-Ir-l (-·::IS;:' h::tl"t~p.nill!1 ..O stp;:.ls .. -----_.~~ ~~~._.~.
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. .. .. , .. ." ,.. As tne r.;uropean otanuarus are puousnec, tne appropnare tames ana text
"

wui De

..."

deleted from BS 970 : Part 1 : 1996 until it is eventually withdrawn. This edition. of BS 970 : Part 1 still specifies Izod impact values for steels; It should he .. .. .~ .... ~ ... ... ...,... ....... ..-., noted, hO\vever, tnat tne izod test IS not accepted ill ~urope ana tnat oruy LJl1a..rpy Impact tests will be specified in Europea.ll st3.Ildal'cls; Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer Immunity from legal obligations.

© BSI 1096

iii

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

.....f-~ .-': _~ .. ..3.!tll. ruling Section 31 Equivalent diarneter of tl-Lat port.. 1. PART*1 96 == 16246b9 0535242 038 == Part 1 1996 .... . ......_lRLL (1.3 Defirrlt.-. rl LC~LJ.!_~iJ=~ '11 00 ~qU...... " 1. billets.... l""T" rI:..... "'" . NOTE 2.. This standard applies to stainless steels only in the form of forgings but to the heat resisting steel 310S31 in both rolled and forged product forrrls_ NOTE 1. These norTIla...... rtaruness Brinell hardness xockweu ..... ...Section 2: As-rolled and as-rolled and softened steels and micro-alloved carbon manganese "I_..r.. important in reianon to mechanical properties..__.:t.... would have a cooling rate at its (:L'l!~ ey_tUytUeHL ~ __ . .....-4-\.. only the edition cited applies.!-L '-'1...I.... the largest diameter in which certain specified mechanical properties are achieved after a specified heat treatment.-...L!U!t~ 1....1 ...upact properties Kev ....1:~~4. slabs. ._ thp ......ry[\ OJ f V "V~\A_llt::'.3. _. . l. " tensile strength percentage nriui . .0 % proof stress (total elongation) ~. .. 1~4Symbols For the purposes of this Part of BS 970 the follo'ving symbols apply.3.. rrf .: ... .l~i .. . i.1 Scope 0et:L!U!l C1~ _4. 1...::n'p::i _ '-·r-I) s... ..~ proof stress (non-proportional elongation) 1. O! ~r DO LH!~ r~I_... ror neat treatment._.a........... .. is also drawn to the information position in the product or relevant part.....!U.... Section 6: Specifies sizes and tolerances. Charpy V-notch impact value "II . r..2 L. rods and forgings.... "1 General inspection and procedure 1..4 test sample Portion of the material .. lc SCale) f_""" © BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 1 .--l ... For urLdated references. HB 1. Fcn"arty product." at tne appropriate places In tne text ana tne etten " .l_Ja\_....o test Dar .. .r..2..4-.. gauge length tCpO_2 dated references.._ 1 .. +-hr. Editions of or these publications current at the time of issue of this standard are listed ort the inside back cover.tive references are made ..6 test piece lest sample or test bar as finally prepared +-.. .... ..... 1".~L. .... .....lenSlle properties 11:tn 1.. ~... l~ ._. _.Section 3: Steels for su:rface harderting nitriding. . . used In the as-rolled. ....:_'.c .. ..l . as-forged or softerLeu cO!ldition as appropriate and in accordance with the specific requirements for the steels in sections 2 to 5 inclusive..LiltO 5 D __ 0.. tl. selected for testing...!VltH:~.1 .2 Infermative references _ H'eH upper yield stress 1... .-. ... ..._._. by 1.-.....~ ".. Further information b given in BS 5046_ Sections 2 to 6 cover specific requirernertts for the supply of steels as follows: .-:~_~ cue ~~~ 1-!~ ... bars.-.-.. ......-.. l)ll~ requirements for steelmaking and general testing and inspection procedures for the release of steel in the form of blooms....L.j or part of a product.. ~..icns 1...-1-_':~ ~.-s.r..4.......... 4..5 /0 proof stress l_tOtal elongation) 1..............: ....l_'\JJ.:~ ~~.-4- .2 References This Part of' BS 970 incorporates.L5· Section 5: Stainless and heat resisting steels..BSI BS*970..illn:::. Forgings above 150 mrn ruling section in carbon arid alloy steels may be ordered in accordance with ns 29 and BS 4670 respectively and released to the requirerrtents or those 1. ___ IJU.. l_.. ....... the latest edition of the cited publication applies.....~~ __ ~1-.....t:'!... _ \_~\_J\_JHH......--" ._ ....4 Other limiting ruling section namness ..1_ . provisions from other publications. H..-Il elongation after fracture .2 7.+--_...." .e... .loloUt ~l\_'vv\__:<::tl_.. -4. DO ~ .... the diameter at the time of heat treatment of a hypothetical very long bar effectively of infinite length of ururorm circular cross-secnon w rucn.L'!!C~I_.!. NOTE. by dated or undated reference.J..4. -..... 'lest sample arter preparation ..2 limiting rufing seetio!l ror any COIT1POSItlOn of steel.-. for ..rrus Part at ns ~·{Urerers to otner pUOllCatIons that IJrovide in_fcfiTI1ation guidance..."\-.. ..-4.Ttd saTne coollng medium....ion of the :product at the time of heat treatment that is most BV HRC 1. any subsequent amendments to or revisions of the cited publication apply to tillS Part of BS 970 only when incorporated in the reference by amendment or reVISIon. if subjected to the same cooling conditions as the product. .. ......' -... r. .... together 0..... . (}.4....!S standards.p.. ...... Particular attention given in the foreword..0 :y~ proof stress (non-proportional elongation) ..!n·u... but reference should be made to tIle latest editions...-l !!~loeU 'JH ~~ .1\._.. 1-. r.!.....l. same initial and fhlal tenlperature !:i.. loU 1... 1........ \J\J\'Cl.-·..... --.lUC: I 1-.. 1 .4...

...::. l. .4.....:1 __ .. n ... ne usee In conjunction. "I"'. excepting that for Items a.~ LIte nsini1 ·0 .6 Information to De §uppl1eo bjr the 11 ..." " • p..11 • .. 1'1U1r.. ..... II 1> orueren to tne naraenaDlllty reqUIrements . ~" ~ ~ .jL!-e!ta. .l."ring list and where no specific choice is made by the purchaser.UH...' .....F7 ..... 1.t_ ! ne propernes specmeo lor ootn carbon ana anoy steels apply only to the test ba. _..4 1tUl1I'ag 11 _ .:rchaser-s should pay particular attention to the fact that this Part of BS 970 permits the options shown in the follo.. ....H~)H <... .. .ly .-.' . or H grade requirements (see 1. or The following information shall be stated on the enquiry and order. w nen lVlsteers are ordered..... ..honlti np m -- z steels & _ _ are available. .g.J i 'UTnPonp._..!U_H~~.. ". ._... l_1111 If forritic or martensitic steels are ordered to the mechanical property requirements of section 5: 1..~_. . . section 4 or section OJ or sr. 1..v-ith the specific nlaterial ._ l_.5.0... _ • ..:'17P ~ r~\f t~~t '--I...H 11:!!I. . .. ~ _ NOTE..L L. "'.... of the material (see 1. but the 19 mm size shall be by agreement.... +...-..... h::il~ HnUlPutJor _ .". or ... c) Whether the steel is to be supplied to A rv!. • "I' • ..!Ue~ ~L a. _.... . .. requlrea or.~. ...'-'!!!t.8 ._A1_ drawing of the part to be made may be useful in appropriate cases...ahility Machinability is enhanced by higher sulfur content (See 1. ... if required...ihl. .. . ..<'TU~!I.e.. r..J~_~1. a) The steel selected from 9 "[ .1)...!OTE. ". . . hardenability bands may be used as a guide to ~~~i~~t~ t~~ te~Sjne sjtren~h of a rulin~ s~ction at tne time or neat treatment.. re-roiung. ana wnetner tne component is to be nitrided..A n\ D)~ g) If a specific steelmaking or casting process is .J '_e' I. the rrdnirftUrfl reduction from the as-cast state to the hot i •• worked product (see note to .e specific requirements of r. ."1 "I • _ • " '....g.. ". then different results may be obtained.. .'. ~{_. " + .tt. 1.1 and 1. requirements specmen In sections ~ to 0 mciusrve (see also note to 1. the supplier may select those considered appropriate.. . These ...a... 'OJ. " .._l......HHt:. 1~ mm ana....10..!1!. Where extremely high machinability is needed. . . required for forgings and drop forgings. 9b ~ 1b24b69 0535243 Sectioll 1 BS 970 Part 1 1~5General 1.~ (_II Ai ....ion ---..~e.eH~!!~ ....4 .. L..L _......L~ __ ......al prop... ". .ion...1_ ~t:_':{~:l..1... f ana u ne snau rerer tne matter to tne purchaser. +-....J _~1~~~~ Lel~Gt~~ .7~2) and.uPor ~ •• y nn!O:'. © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . ~_.....erties c t1V1 graces) or narcenamuty requirements (H grades) and chemical composit.. whether rimmed. IS not acceptable lsee l_:U~I_. The presence machinability... .-...7.. these steels may also be supplied with mechanical properties or hardenability specified by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier..:lo - To facilitate this selection. .~_ .ecific requirement.(_Jl·e:"jl· (:t... The conditions for thesE' heat treatments and tests shall be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.he purchaser and shall be supplied in accordance with .. ~}.. . .surernent if other tl-larl rnetllod 1 U1 D~ 4490...:~_ ~_. All these requirements shall apply equauy [0 steers given In categorIes 1 ana z...... !=i ~t!=iilri::il~ri '. " .3 IVlachin.4. .2 . for forging.J ~ __ ~ __ tUtU . ........1 Mechanicai properties 5 1.a. ana any auoruonar requirements specltled.. ... It IS customary to test ana release steel to specified mechanical property levels _.. and category 2 steels in italic (sloping) type... section 3. . .~er.. the end use..l_JHl(:t.. 0.n. .. . 1-U:Jo'~·~l14... ~}J mm. _..1 LU !1.1 Quaiity The steel shall be selected and ordered by t. .. induction hardening..J... category 1 steels are printed throughout the standard in normal (upright) type..i:~ "" . 1. tne approprIate general requirements specified in this sectiort and ._. sections ~ to 0 cover supply options as IOHO\VS..I_.. induction hardening and welding..4) and the method of mea. a) To close limits of chemical composition (A grades) wIlere no mechanical properties hardenability are specified. ~_. ••• • 1..anr'l ~~~~O~&... .5. \__.._ ...J . _.. . L. ~l. .2)j by a lead addition (see 1~8~4)or by special heat treatment to promote optimum structure.. . !1~1 For carbon and carbon rnan... COla forming.....Z ~upply optIons j' _ - \lJhere appropriate] th.. ..~e~ • or.. _ or _ . o~bi~atic:n o~ ~~~chanic. conversely.r siZf> used and the heat treatmenr specified._~_ V£l. "I "I.1.._.. required (see table 13). .Tv a .. . e.Hl~t ..- fr-rrm (>!=tItp... . Nvrr. ~ section ana narnenamnty .... _ . riaruenamnty oanos lor tnese steers (based on BS 4437) are included in section 4....0... if known.. of titanium may have an adverse effect on ...2 ....1... ---------- SPIPf·t..1.. .----- "... it is now . ... e...garlese 54 case-narnerung steers. ...J_~~~ _ l·H~ H<t.'r . 11)If a steel having a controlled grain size is required (see 1.. requirements. _.. " .!O:'. . i. .... _.' ......1.. _ . e. required distances (see 1. oll-quencnea conumons. by the purcha.:__. PU....4 and table 7). __ ~1 . NOTE_ For special applications. e) "' ..7.~_.e steel "vi th these requirements ....1) and with the tolerances 8 specified in section 6.. The manufacturer shall oe responsible to the purchaser with resPect to the conformance of th..14... the properties quoted are for a test bar size of 19 rnrn (see 1.. I) In tne case or caroon steers suppnea to composition only which are not....t. ..2).lUll:' . ..".DvT U.s for a non-standard steel to be released to tne requirements of section 1.. balanced or killed steel is required (see .5. b) The applications of the billets and bars required._..t l..19) . C. metal coating. d... both sulfur and lead or other elements can . / +-1.. --. & • _ ---~-- adc -~~-. . .. . .2).2 For alloy case-hardening steels.L __ 1. tfV'n . and 1._.. r. of' ') 9 the 0) II orueren 1:0 tne requirements condition (see table 5).." .-.Y ~+-~~1 L~ 1.a.5. w nen category 1 ana categcry t"T~ . If other heat treatments and! or sizes of tf>sthar are used... .16. . . .l. the properties are quoted for different test bar sizes in the . 10 mm. of the effect of section size. .. .

.... then the hardenability shall be subject to negotiation..'TE 1.. . .ee 11 . ~ .H_:tt. "' llHLH.".j...i) If (£"Iron.. Material in the as-cast condition is not covered by this Part of BS 970..... Cleanness cneCK........" .'4 e........~ lJ'1lCro-utloyea steets ' \. t) If special identification of the steel is required (see 1..1.1tl). ".lv '-'O.. .I. 1.... p) In the case of austenitic - _. . I k) \Vhether there are special requirements with .~ .C.2)... 'V '" """ ~ particular method on the enquiry and order.1:-'" r'lllf"(-·h~""f-Ir ""nf-l.lL\J. 0) If a maximum decarburization limit is required j j I ..........1. . 1~ 7~3Deoxidation ..... fme grain steel will normally be supplied.lLUlcl.et'! ano w!!ich l'OHforIn to standards similar to those required of open hearth steel.1I. . ~~ .. many of the steels can be supplied having a controlled grain size of 1 to 5 (coarse grain) or 5 to 8 (fine grain) determined in accordance with BS 4490.see ... II The steel shall be cast into ingots or shall be 1~·{ . Steel is normally fine-grained if the total aluminium content is > u.... . .... ~. r) If a representative will be sent to witness :rna:nufacture S) 11 a .. 1) If any other special quality criteria.:1 ....... to be determined (see 1....... Steels supplied LV .... .i>....U. .. converter process is not pennitted..... in cases of dispute it should conform to BS 4490 .8.......7 Steelmaking and casting process 1~ 1 Ge:neral 7~ ine steelmaking and casting process shall De r..... 11 a enoree IS avallanle. .. When produced in the arc furnace the conventional double slag process is used.1..4 Controlled grain size and/or . 1...~eof billets and bars the material shall be suitable for cold shearing... " .....:-. a steel containing 1Q ..+". .!.Iii 10 0\ ...18).11 and tables 9 and 10).... _. .. .. N(.. The steel is characterized by a high standard of cleanness and by low sulfur and phosphorus contents which can also be achieved hy various alternat.. regarn to tne amount or resiouar eiements ana/or what information is required on the certificate (see 1..:...lH LHt:::: ~Ld........~ l~t::::t::: A:_"O~~J~ . +" .... +t-.. II required. Where conformance 'wit....Sectioll 1 8SI BS*970~ PART*1 96 == 1b24bbq 0535244 900 BS 970 == P-a:rt 1 I} 'rne pnospnorus ana sunur contents required ~'.. Ii. lengths and tolerances required (see section 6)... and/or a. Micro-alloyed steels are not subject to grain size control. J t~'::1\. Electrically melted steel is steel made in an electric furnace under conditions not necessarily conforming to the requirements for elecLric quality tlt....7.......4). ....... ......".3 and 1.. \~lhe:n specifically required. ...~ BS! 1996 3 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . trus snau ne mace ny tne purchaser and shall be stated UH the enquiry and order..... ....'... .... UIIJt'.. LJy llltt: .... Alloy steels can be supplied with a grain size of 5 1. 1.. .-..19).1... Rh~ct...llU... "In. .. .. ... specific impact test...... It::::~UlL~ U....1......... q) If a 0. testing (see 1...... 13) 96 proof stress. +t-...'6). .J.. . l'~OTE 1.. ...... Steels for forgings and drop forgings shall be killed unless othe:r~wise agreed and stated on the oruer... standards for the degree of freedom from non-metallic inclusions and methods of determination shall be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier. . ...l 1 ..'ic'1nolity steel is st..... .".l Hlt::::Cll(1. .. " .......7......ll ... ana In tne case of IS l\1:icro-alloyed steels shall be killed. Grain stzs-s fin~r than R (Hay he permitted by agreement. ultrasonic testing and .......-..+ .~..&.. _.... n) \Vhether in the ca.~..." . .... are requireo l.t::::l Lt:~l.U..h.oc.. is required.. L..4........llUalU 1 .... by selection of raw materials and/or secondary steelmaking.. Steels for case-hardening shall be killed........ • ... . I!!"\ stairuess steels.. Alloy and stainless steels shall be killed...... f . P. . " Steels supplied as NIor H grades shall be killed unless otherwise agreed aTld stated on th.otller ITletllod by agreement. " • ...~.u Its ~t. N01"E 2. vacuum degassing." h _ T~ .... .ive techniques. Other methods for the determmation ot grain size may be used by agreement) see also note I to 1."'2:).. u) Sizes. t.f" . 1. whether an lntercrystalline corrosion test is required (see 1... ... lead is required nlirnl"l1it.. r ne air mixed air and oxygen bottom blown basic or to 8 determined in accordance with BS 4400 or arl. NOTE....:.. ..... induction H furnace or in a basic lined electric arc furnace.2 % proof stress. \JlJl1t'1 V\ll~r specified on the enquiry and order.... ...1 U...". ._ . .. l .... ......".. ." " lIrllp\.. llLcl. statement giving tne cast anarysis ana/or ..0.16..l_lt:at::::lH .e order. ...l l_JLll.......h a..eel melted in 3... ClearUless 75 If required.. naraenaDIllty requlrements are suppuen fine-grained and if coarse grain steel is specifically required.......... lit) The condition on deliveri in which the material is to be supplied (see 1... 'lu:.It:.20).t..~ l~ required (sec 1..1....U~~~ il)........ .... r ~~arE.. . ..19).. \.g. ..1Carbon and carbon manganese steels Carbon and carbon manganese steels supplied as A grades sllall be deoxidized as stated in annex B.... austeniti« steels.g. . ~JOTE 3...LlJUtlt:. LHt: "Tro •.~' ." . the purchaser may specify a minimum reduction from the as-cast state to the hot worked product (see also 1.1 l.2.. NOTE 2..iri~~ ""' 0.... 1+".. ....... However....10.

035 % maximum..Lt I NOTE 1 I 1... ... _ !I OL I ~u 1 ~u!!!!r agreement it shall be nut less than O~ 7~nor 12 greater than 0..BSI BS*970= PART*1 96 BS 970 == 16246b~ O~3~245 847 II Section 1 1.. Thble 3 Sl10WS tIle variations ....... this should he agreed..... ....10 r.......015-0.jU!!U!!:Geu ..8. This is recommended for certain alloy nitriding .. maxima lor residual elements shall be agreed between the purchaser a:nd the supplier.... T. the purchaser...... ..... the purchaser requires a steel of other than standard cornposit.... "...:I VI (:\1'1-'1 V_l.. steels can be supplied to controlled . Other limits for sulfur and phosphorus rnay be agreed between the purcha...8. ......!I.050 I I I 0.J~ .~.3..\". V.050 rrLax........ NliI'E. witn associateo pnospnorus contents ~t~ ...l • f"j"'f"" ...ted 1. ~\I'Iolybdenurn J. ....ule 1 . Analysis of the product may vary frofn the specified cast analysis due to heterogeneity arising during solidification.. percentages of elements up to a given maxima shall be considered as incidental..8..8..JIJ!Y lV!e.... may specify a maximum content of one or more resicuar elements ana/or may require tne amount or Stale(! •• •• .' . ~~l"'"'~~--=~........UbU 10.......t '-'ll ""itt::: '_IIUt::"..8... the details for which should be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier..'"1er and the supplier and stated on the order..... (........ .. .... .. '... • p 1~8~2 Sulfur' and phosphorus contents !.....3 In micro-alloyed steels...... h .....Other ranges can he supplied by agreement I the ..035 max..025-0.. r....:• 1~~.CartHJH and carbon .050 ~b maximum. SUIIur ranges...~.....ion ...... .. . OU!IUr and phosphorus I compoait. . _l~ ~ . lJl l.9...... nernutteu In nrouuct anaivsis In _---_. Thble 2. 1.....r.. • .. at the time of the enquiry and order.. A 4 .' ... uenvery UUL"·UHlt::llL... 0......... Except in the case of ~ ......51r...... chromium 0.n.J...h .... and the steel shall be identifiable by a distinguishing mark agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.3 TI-le sulfur and phosp1:1orus contents for stanuess steers are grven In tames 1U ana 11. with each element at 0. ......... lead exudation test or by ultrasonic 111ethods..~ ............... n.I\JIObiUm Titanium Copper r..tJ I/r:t.. Where specifically ordered! a lower content of sulfur and phosphorus... 1~8...:::...... in exceptional cases. the distribution 111ay be f:hp... Table 1.nurumum and great.•• .. 4... 1.....llte~e h.ie steels 70 in Austenitic steels t-.. . ~~_1_~~ ~ ..-Jl14Vt:o: \_:t:'. ~t(:!!H!~~~~1I::e!~. TIlese ranees should be used when it is considered ~ ........ ..............8 Chel!...t:::t~.. .... shall conform to the requirements of the appropriate material specification in sections 2 to 5....2 In carbon... . If requested by t.. steels Steels I ..3. A . .1. If required.t.+ .1. ~~ ...... based on cast analysis.../' .VL}V 70 maximum ana..... .30 G.. and alloy steels. . I . /U. 0.:uue~ HUl CIJ.ro....4 In stainless steels... percentages of elements up to the follovving maxima shall be considered as incidental: V....lon Phosphorus u. .!position 1. 1. .4 Steels containing lead Steels containirlg lea....J"OTE 2.....vv 0..ile purchaser..2..ed on the appropriate certificate.r.. Oe SUpplled.JtJ... ~ __ 4 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 .9 Product varratrons and perruit.. ~d... adverse effect which 10'''" sulfur I _ _ .. 1 NaTE.40 96.. steers ana lor tensue strengtn ranges or !. 1..025-U. Incidental stanuess steers Elements pel~centages of elements Non-austenit...VVt:r:JI purchaser and supplier and stated on the order. ....'La... . . Where..... .It> %. ... .:i .l/. steels shall .. as given ill table ~. relation to" -~ cross-sections not greater than 65 DUO mm-.. the suuur content snau oe U..." .. " J J' J 1 1...... - manufacturer. 1.... ".. by agreement with the elements to b€ report._ I desirable to minimize the _.....:_ lIt 4-. .d ITLay be supplied by agreement and the agreed lead range shall be ..~_... 0. Carbon and carbon manganese steels Alloy steels I 0. I t... .! .. ....-..8. .3~ 1 Elernents rLot quoted In the relevant speCIIICation snau not De auneu "[0 tne steer without the agreement of the purchaser other than for the purpose of finishing tile heat 01 lO acllieve anticipated or specified properties..... Fir.r.+ ..nl1 ~JId.... nurchaser and the sunnlier..11 h .... \Vltn sult ur and pnospnorus contents each of 0....1 ..... ....040 'rne SupplIer Shall endorse tne invoice...... .IV 1... I_.. ...Jl\J~ \1... between 10.er.040 IO...1 ... . ... ~. TIle variations may occur either above or below tile individual element ranges but shall not apply both above arld below~ the specified range for anyone .~D I'l/!nnl.!ical cOl!.. 1..20 0.. ..... ""_ . " rree-cutnng steel witn respect to sulfur and phosphorus.It..1 Composition ranges The c:henlical composition of the steel.. tn€ eiements . carbon manganese.. .... .\1 lltUn .. r.l.....(:kpd by pither a lead print.... l:)lvelt .llt::" (l..uv 1 nn .. __ .. QC\ v.. that lead has been added to conform to the specified requirement.l_~~ __ . ~__.J .2.:.~_1 . I content can have on macrunamnty.. The table only applies to fully Killed steels arld not to rimmed or balanced steels......lOTE.-... . 4-1.. __ .. .."" . . _..025 max..) .. J'"> ...35 % on the product analysis and shall be eve:nly a:nd finely distributed... NOTE. may be supplied.3 Residual elements IJ~~~. For alloy steels....:.-F 4-h~"...2 Unless otherwise stated in the material specification.::: 1...015-0....8..........rnanganese .j .'I11IILdt.3..::i 7" lit"": d..025 % maximum.... tne phosphorus content 0._~.i • molybdenum nickel 0.. ... .. •• .....025 max.... ... ~.

otuets.. black bars and rods Blooms... "". ~l.o..U.1.+ +t-.. +-: . tne purcnaser ana tne suppuer ana SnOUIQ De roo+..... t. maximum decarbluization levels shall be agreed between the .1. if necessary.-. .-. . . . NCYrE.1l11 \HUe. '" ueuvereo masses over zu t.1• . end use. .1.a Normaiized bars 11~ Normalized bars shall be supplied to tIle specified mechanical have a high standard of surface quality and the shall be SUCll surface conditioning and.1_'-'~~~....... as-rolled or as~rorged....11.. " .10. .ser and the supplier.'1se agreed betw-eer! purchaser and su..:rclla. 'lI ..:.... wh.1... ~..Uii~.. .2 The procedures for casting..41Y!aterial used l.." n.2~2 Products intended for subsequent overall machining need not have the same freedom from surface defects as specified in 1. ... . values.! !!!lU "'III 1n.e nO!l-:h. rnetllods of BS 6200 ... further samples of depth of the minimum permissible diameter of shall be selected for analysis from the remainder of the consignment as follows: a) at least t\VOsamples rrom the same cast for 0) at least five samples from the same cast for delivered masses up to 20 t. In the conrnnon stated Products intended for applications such as upset forgirlg cold heading or cold forging may require a higher degree of freedom fronl surface imperfection which shall be agreed between the pu.9....... . .......l .2. . If suppiied in the black condition) overall grinding or turning may be permitted to clear decarburization.4 Forgings and drop forgings shall be finished in a workmanlike Inanner and shall be free from flaws and harmful defects...H~ t.~_ ..'1e surfaces of bars for induction hardening may be required to be free from decarburization and they will usually he turned or grou:nd..he end use_ i defects detrimental to the appropriate processing as to rerflove on the order.el_.. __ ...2 Foroinos and dropJbrgings Forgings and drop forgings shall be supplied condition stated on the order. billets. ..l... l.3 In the event of the results of the analysis of a single sample falling outside the permitted vananons in tne product analysis. range specified for any element.1 Carbon..... " 1.. .:UVlLl~U 1-.gs which are not required for subsequent overall machining (see 1..ere specified... 1.... 1... consIgnment Shall ne ceemeo not to conrorm to tne requirerftents of tllis Part of BS 970.eat treated ~.. by agreement the suppuer.......lU.... .....delivery 1. . .Uii~ii. . . central unsounnness.lU~~~~ shall be free from defects harmful to their appropriate processing and where specified..2..z ...11 Condition of material or!. . T:..~.!.. .l0. narmnu segreganon ana other harmful internal and external defects... The machining allowance shall be not less than 2 7~ rounds or 2 7~ per side of tile rrurumum permissible dimenslons of flats or other solid sections..rl shall ensure that tIle product is free from piping.4-' ""' .2.. Surface conditioning need only be such as to remove composition.t\·l...t or f .l1U~ V1 t:::'H\_J.Ully -:"'""T (l..2.. black bars arld rods shall be ..1.. .. . unless othe:r ... .J .4 Samples for product analysis shall be taken in accordance with BS 6200 : Section 2. required..9. The results of the analysis of these samples shall fall within the permitted variations.. . L'Y .n non-heat-treated condition rvlaterial to be llsed in th.1.. Part.-J UL!te! ~-4--1.10..:1 allU 1 1tl. . supplIed.. the 1 c) at le!ist eight samples from tIle same ca. slabs... Aa.SS! BS*9?O: PART*1 96 Section 1 == 1624669 0535246 783 II n~ 970 Part 1 1996 element in any one cast of steeL . ""'_.1 and BS 6200 : Section 2.l.+"..1_..11..10. .pplier artd stated l1 on the oruer...... L!ld!t 1. carbon manga... A l. ".10.~.. analysed in accordance with the appropriate i. shall of harmful defects taking into account the macrumng allowilltce.. be agreed between if . 1.• . NOTE. • 1.11. reheating and cooling and the amount of working 1.. If arty of these further samples are proved to be outside the permitted variations for any specified element~ tlle .2...• .1. General 1. "'III _] .11. slabs. .ny product which on subsequent analysis falls outside the permitted variations of the be deemed not to conform to the requirements L lO. i-rocucts tor re-roumg or ror appncatlons .. _ _ . ...1.....10. the . Material supplied to tllese conditions may not be suitable for the applications covered by "'III "'III~ n.1 Products intended for applications such as hot forgin.......1 Blooms... ....nese.-. ...5 When required.. ..l.L "i _.. Machining allowances less than these may be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier...1_~.... between conumon may oe suppueo to nnneu naruness the purchaser and © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 5 ... purcnaser ana tne suppuer .1 Special testing and inspection arrangerrlents TI1H·Y. .:1""' . working. properties and.!lU~1L \. ..!.. . ..10.2.. 1. 1~ Freedom from defects 10 1...Iii ..... .2) shall 1~ r. 1...ro ..2 and ill the ever-It of dispute. this Part of BS 970.~ Surface defects !LL 1.lU• L 1. tI_.. ... . 1. .. 0 "I _L~...

i Table I __ 3..L5 i..-.VL:D rv An rv AOI""" > V......U:::::'pJ. ..rt .+ j_j_VJ..2..03 0..."...s for subsequent :hot workirlg shall normally be supplied in the as-forged or as-rolled condition.11.501) > 0..v > O. for subsequent ~.11...005 0... lead to tIle forrnation of carbide precipitates or sigma or other detrimental phases and if it conforms to th_e requirements for tIle mechanical and intercrystalline corrosion tests.vu Manganese 0. snau De suppllea In tne sorteneu connmon...VUUL.+H\_Jl_.2.0 _...50 s 1. hot working ".JJ...04 J 0....1i UI . .!.JV _ Ii iii V...J.10 0...' Products in ferritic steels shall be supplied tile L 11~2~:3_1Product.. n no") carDon -s 0.006 0.lUL . w /0 ! ~!ement Range in which maximum falls Variation on specified Over max.2.u Phosphorus ::s V. 1=11=2=2=1 Products ......40 0.-u-.:1. if required. .0 ::s > l.... ". v I n n~ v. drop forgirLgs and bars for .25 :5 0. ....-.003 10..iI...V'::::D ::s 0.'--"f. ....040 ()1..006 0.. -1' V_l i-h ..008 0..V~D ::s 0.25 > 0. VVl_Jll\.Ll J.r<r .02 0.1~..04 0....11.8SI BS*970: PART*1 96 .. macrurung snau ne suppueo In tile sortcncd ..1 rerritic steels sortenen conomon.. rv AOI""" AOI""" ..008 0.03 {'"I nA v... Tl1e softening treatment may be omitted if free rorl.040 > 0.0 > 1. ....L -i'.v.V~D n.060 > 0. 1.".YV'Il h.008 0.. BS 970 Part 1 . .... uue~ . . ·70 s 1.08 0.v'"' n n"J V.02 0.L! Section 1 1... -s 0..l v..J.1.. "I' ""..040 :5 0.. -.010 0..JHE...-. 1.060 Sulfur ::s V..008 n ni v...04 0.10 I""" When range is specified: 0.01 0.05 Silicon :5 0.r.0... _....!.--::j.. . .LV .50 10.. 1624669 0535247 611 .005 0.JU "j .( v.006 0.....010 0.·-t Silicon s 0.vu III... "S n <.04 0.... Permitted variations of product arm-lysis from specified of specified element ranilF range Under min.. .. . .2 Forgings and drop forgings shall he supplied III the CUHUltIU!l ~laled on uie order: L-VVJ.vu © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ......D ....08 0.. subsequently descaled...11. .03 [ 0.50 n 110 v. "" > V. 1.015 ..25 > 0..03 0..10 Manganese :::.vu II .25 > 0..VL.060 :5 0. .". 70 v.... condition and.r:.2 StairJess steels 1. .2." " 1~11~2=3=2 Forgings..040 > 0.. o. 10.. I Carbonl) :s 0..005 I D) _.45 s O..iilWY steelS .040 ::s 0.-..3 Austenitic steels !I! 1.03 0..v"% ') ..

50 :0:. Permitted Element 'variations of product analysis from specified of specified element range (continu.80 -s 1.-. }-lhosphorus Sl.003 0..'IIi .U 0 . . :5 V.0:30 c....03 0..60 I 0.ed) range Range in which maximum fails Variation on specified Over max.vu .v 0."Jr:: V..04 I Phosphorus I • I Sulfur :$ n v. Under min.v Aluminium Vanadium > 0.vu n n'=l v.T.!.J .015-0.030 _ ~ [\ [. L:11}t. ')h v. .004 0.v...04 0.003 0. Part 1 Table 3.v.-:5 n 'Jh.\...005 0..03 v. e: " '''''J \J~\_.wV.0 ..Ut..50 > 0.:':c.vu > 1.15 0.050 0.... When range is specified 0.040 0.. > 0.04 0.05 0. 3.0 :$ 0..03 0.eu {\ 1 r:: U • ..10 V •.LD n.llfur~) s.lU._ .02 n \J.ii V..030 > 0.03 ~ 0.0 -s 0. r.lLl - > 0..005 :$ r.05 ..~lll:Je CllrOmitlITl . 4. .0 h.. 1~ © ESI 1996 7 Institution Copyright by the British Standards Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . 0 ..004 0.~:..20 A " eV.vv '.. rtl v....(}7 1n :$ .. ..."-lU .lU. :S .t::: -.L. r.UV . 0.. nh..V ...lu.c: .v .. v.vuv \. n nAt:: \.10 0.040 0.V 0.'_I\_I.} Silicon 1 n n U..02 {"...'J rv ". {\ I-'~ \_'... > ..U ~ . . .50 :5 " :5 " nln V • .V ~ .02 0. \J.03 I v!lfOITUUm ~.. > .V 1 l. .:.~u ii h.. V • .040 :5 0.25 > 1. Hi q .L. ...vu c) Stainless and heat resistinq steels Carbon :5 n n~ v. In ..25 -s 2...UU > > n :$ .n nQ '- 0.. '< v.\J n 0.vu 1.\J n ::.e...V 1 0.VV0 I\fVl > 0..10 0...02 0. nQ v. J.vuv r. > .10 lVlolYDoenum l'Jickel .-<..003 0. __ . . v":to r.()n ::.BSI BS*970: PART*1 9b Section 1 == 1b24bb9 0535248 556 ii BS 970 .!.040 0.1..c.6U.-. ...1. V*VVLJ £In.-.030 :5 :5 > 0.HJ.60 :S 1.~JLJ 0_02 0. \ 1'+PJ S 0.....05 0. fl ".30 n n"l v..50 > 2..025-0.L.1..50 :$ 0....1..V 0.. .\_Jou n.004 0._J \1..Ot.030 (\ V.005 0.07 O~04 0.UJ 0..V 'J rti:::.l\.030 ::s 0..050 0..1\_h_) > > O~004 n [lnt": \_I.

:s n u.. · . U.............:': l·!lttll::' . T.. agreement wrtn the suppuer.~ __ When required .08 0.. when it is considered either by the purchaser or by the supplier that the results of .l_... \J \1 nn n L..03 0..05 0. deviations from the sulfur analysis are not specified..... 2) For 606~f36..1 Tensile srrength of 1225 N/lnn12 or greater \V]lere the tensile strength of aHoy steel is specified as 1225 Nzrnm-' minimum or more.. ~ U... L!Lt. "" ... +..... ..t:U ._ _- - - - - _. 10 and 11._. th...'1 .12 Heat treatment i ne hear: treatment IO be grven to the test bars and to material required in the finally heat treated condition silall be as specified in tables g.....~ 1... ........03 0. Subject to tIle requirernents of 1~ 5"I...for _..' V :s ~ > > > > '- i i . all the specified mechanical properties refer to tests taken in the longitudinal direction (see 1.vu .. 4-t::':'(1.... n _. 11(11" shall be given the representative the parts concerned..IJ!-e~Hl-Cl-...rs L 14~2~ l'1-'uterial not supplied in the Jinally I heat treated condition irrrrvnr-t +. ___________ re.V 0.U U.._ _.L!Vt:::' u..V 0...2 Bars ...r...LU :s n ..... I 1.3.....-_. wnere relevant. v. these tests shall be taken as representing all sizes of material froHl the same cast where the ruling section of the forgings or parts does not exceed the ruling section of the test bar already tested....!l.! . .~ 4--':-.. :s lrt n r\ n :s 'In r..I_.. .' test ana. A Ht'tU_... one Izod impact test..2 Selectio:n and prepa.lt: same ruling section as that of the test piece and may not represent larger ruling sections..1 L...I.LLLY .05 0.. smauer vanations . Where the ruling section of the material does not differ appreciably from that of the forging or parts 8 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1~::-11) . the test bar may be machined to test piec2 size: plus a grinding auowance 11 ret! uired.. l· 4--l.... _ I I It::"I II_" fTJ.. test sarnples may be taken directly from the material and heat treated in the original size. For the purpose of subsequent orders..._.. .0 ~ '......05 0.. 1..3 anu 1..2.. .. subject to . /0 I Element Rau_gein which maximum of specified element falls Over max.~t~ \oi:h~n lu.. 1. In such cases. 1. _ _ 1 ...2..14. 1 _l_\J.....-purchaser . II(:"".... ..._.05 0.2).. heat treatment for and preparatIon of mater'Ial for 111echanica... . or three Charpy V-notch impact tests shall be carried out on any batch of material of similar ruling section from the same cast.V V... \ I} ... .. . .:: r. lor tfl€ ... ...14.. I_. .zo :..10 n • . whert applicable_ .. Alternatively.. one lZUUHnpaCt test.LV.o r. one tensile test and... comprising three notches...L..~ '-''''' ~'-""-" ..l testing (rLot applicable to micro-alloyed steels) 1....... ........ ~ bars ot simuar SIze trom tne same cast and neat treated togetller. u . or three Charpy V-notch ~.. V '::"V.lt:dl.LV i.v . h .08 0.. !n-uchin. . !tt::':'(l._ ..14....v ~ .-.. the properties ontamen are • ...13 Mecharrical properties In the material specifications included in this Part of BS 970. 1_. 1: 14 Selection Subject to the requirements of 1"5"1. or equivalent dialneter. -4-.. ....... I t~iobium I Selenium I Titanium ~~--I All ranges All ranges AU ranges _ 0..gsupplied in.ll r·~'·r·ipd rn rf nrl ::iriV h::ilc·h nf oJ .~. V • .. Permitted varratrons of product analysis from specified range Variation on specified range Under min... " ...03 0. .....0 up to ana mciuomg LI.. l.......DU :«> may De agreea...0 '... .. .ration for tensile and impact tests of test ba. cornprisirLg three notches...in.VI n • ..14...03 0." _~~ ~~__.. .. :s 2.... one tensile .v F.. 0. . V r.... 111 Ll.....1 neat treanng In tne ongmai SIze 'VOllIOnot oe representative of the properties that would be obtained on the forgings or parts to be produced... . .05 n . r> • U! ____ peHL:" . where relevant. ..~ ..14...i r...... to be produced... . .. I ....V _.L..... 0/ /0 I I I __ • • _ • 1Molvbdcnum I -s 1... !lnalty neat Lreatea conauton The samples shall he cut from the heat treated bars and shall not be further heat treated or Inechanically worked after their removal.."" ..' ..- ....V n ._ and. 4--h..J__ ~4-- CI.I..03 - by the . ~ n ilh.. 7 V. test samples shall be forged and/or machined to test bars of a diameter..:.! L_L! c L1- LH·_'~e p~..e .....05 carbon range over . r..BSI BS*970i BS 970 Part 1 : 1996 96 1624669 0535249 = Sectio!! 1 I Table I 3. _• ~ _~ • I u..LV iii V nit=:. corrcspon(llng to tne rtlllng sectIon OT tne IorgIngs . _......\I..... :s 'l iI v. before Ileat treatrnent. ....

.... WHH_:!1 1. the location of the test pieces and values for mechanical properties sllall be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.. ractors sucn as steer composmon........ and for parts machined from bars not finally heat treated. ~ . .. 1.... I' _" _ equivaient to a mameter greater tnan • .1J!iU.... . .....15. material..l..o.... lorgJ. 1 ~!Z. When transverse tests or tests in other directions are required...... .4 in order to ensure that the rnaterial conforrns to th....5..... .. r.1.... as ... ......". When components of differe:nt ruling section are carburized and heat treated... ...." oe neat treated In tne ruu SeCtIOnor tne sample. tests may be taken in an alternative direction and the properties obtained shall be subject to agreement betweerl the purchaser a:nd the supplier (see 1. © BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 9 .. or may be additional forgi:ngs..... ~ •• ~... . ~. L. or equivalent diameter. but for sizes smaller than 13 mm diameter for carbon and carbon manganese steels and for sizes smaller than 19 rnm diarLleter for alloy steels.....U l.. .her tests TIle manufacturer shall carry out sufficient tests ill accordance with 1.4--... NUfE.. the longitudinal axis of the test pieces snau be 12. b) For ruling sections over 25 mm..... 1. . I' ..... 13 rnm or test bar may he use-a by agreement of 1225 r~/rrtm2 hardness. Or\..14. ..2. ~. " . evert if a low core strength suffices it . .. " • .. they shall be ~ . ........ For example. .....5. ..14.. NOfE. wherl a prolongation shall be provided on an agreed proportion of forgings or drop forgings.J Number of grain size tests 1: ..' sizes.. otherwise agreeC1.. ~!:J [Hill diameter steels. a..... to use an allOY steel tor acceptable c(!:.... (S€I? tor carbon and carbon manganese 2).1. ..t.. r.... .......ro+ .....14. The test bars shall be blank carburized for at least 1 h at a temperature between 880 °C and 930 or After cooling to room temperature....... q{ samples Subject to tIle requirernellts of 1=5" 1. in ITlaehining to t.. .:... : .. ~ ..lLC hr. i uirecuon.ngs witn rUllng sections equIvalent to a dian-teter of 29 mm (J1 less....ed parts For forgings and drop forgings with a ruling section integral test samples may be provided by agreement bet"'1een the purer-laser and the supplier...... . one test sample selectee to represent each cast shall IJe reduced by forgirlg or rolling to a size not greater than 38 mm diameter .•. ruung SeCT:IOn and heat treatment....C"1':") N(JTE..r.U\l1. F()r alloy steels with a tensile strength or greater..rne test bar size Shall ne 1~ mm uiarneter.. ... .. ~ ... .... the test bar shan ...... ... Where int€grai test samples arc not practicable or are not required.. ..lLa.11 1~1J1t"':'~t"':'1l(' ('1It": hr. ~... . unless . 4-. ... l..16.LL lr.1e 1'-' Olt.he standard test 1... ....... the test piece shall be prepared in accordance with the following.... T:'1e properties specified in section 4 apply only to ruling sections equivalent to the preferred test bars.ll£U ~._r. when a gl"ahl controlled steel is required and unless otherwise agreed] one test sample for the determination of austenitic grain size shall oe selected to represent t:::'(1\_.... .e hardertability of the largest section ...3 and 1.... •..drop forgings or parts. of 1...h Jl)II~H.-.... ._. ...(''''I .. 1. "" _...~ '_)! l...n LllJ~~-~'CLL....4. 11 _ _ :-'11(1.. .~). drop forgings or parts and shall be heat treated "'lith the material they represent. corresponding to the ruling section of the forgings.2.3 Location of test pieces for meehurrlcal testing In the general case where longitudinal tests are required. Oile test sample sh.. 4-..:i-i ..lle L~"'l.(1Lt:::.~dHl1-'..... "VIUbe necessar......1.15 Frequency of ot..... 01 tne rorgmg or orop rorgmg at tne time or neat treatlnent and it shall not be finally severed until after heat treatment.::'U~JCCt to the requirements of 1"5"1. l_...... . ll be selected to represent each cast.. . ~" . ....·!\_t::' l.. 2..l C'oo .. TIle nUITtber of tests shall be agreed between th. 5. ~ .t::'~l...4... ~ .1 Siee of test ba·'r . 4-h .. L. 1'. Similarly) it may be i1f'cessar:v'"to agree mechanical properties when the test I•• sample size is less than the specified lest bar sizes.ne requirements tests 1.......-. ...::t1 IIlIU.. Number of hardenahiltty 2 Subject to i... .SSI BS*970: PART*1 96 . lUll . drop forgings or parts are made.....+r-. on the hardness of the case. 1b24b69 0535250 104 == BS 970 Section l Part 1 1996 1... the test piece shall be machined coaxially from bars of a diameter. size to ensure the complete removal of piece of carburization 25 1rus test [Jar slu!ll also be of sufficie:nt mm diameter.. • •• f ~ _ • ~ _.......""''''':...11 ...:r.LL . " ~ ..e specified 1.....4.~ III ~""'r'O.est samples shall be provided. .... lr.... ~..2.LLC:: specified test bar size. tile supplier. 1-........14. ..16. .. drop jorgiiigs «lid ffl-uchin.....14. .... stated in table 9 and quenched in oil. ..4-h ... .. 1. ........1 " . different core properties will be obtained.a.14.5 mm from the surface of the test bars.. .H . .2 Selection. test bars shall be prepared by forging and/or machining to that size.... • .........~ HI. See 1........:.. ~ .. The test samples shall be forged and/or machined to test a) ror runng sections up to ana lncluDlng zn mm.....t....(UJ!e l.... purchaser and e the test bars.!C... Unless .~ reneatea to tne SInglequencnIng temperature..l\J.2. ~..3 Forgi!!gs. These shall be provided from the bars or billets from which the forgillgs.... . the proionganon snau nave a diameter approximately~ equal to the ruling section .. '''I nere integral test samples are required and it is _~-i- IlU!_..... 1.:: ..... for small forgings arld drop .. If a .. . otherwise agreed.1... ute +t.-. separate t..

--..2 In cases of dispute.~ ~~.... see 1"7.BS 970 SSI BS*970: PART*1 96 Part 1 : 1996 == 1624669 0535251 040 II Section 1 1........ It shall be sensitized by IIt'dl.. .n ...5 ?i proof stress (total elongation)..! . may be determined... HOvvever.....:4--1. If either value satisfies the value of the yield strengt. 4--1.:"" ..-. +1...Ut:_':It't_ll_H...1~l·I_::H!t U l.) If specified an.......j_lI~ When specifically ordered and permitted by the material specification.~""':""..-J . acceptatJle. ~ '. ·D. -4--... l'-... 'ro' .... 1....t'e.... .16... aJ...-.. requirement..1 . _... -r -rc. then the material is deer-ned metnou given . ... yH::_':!U"'L!e.... . ro •• ...t... ~ I . 0'-' +"r.16...... This test shall be carried out to i in accordance with BS J. ... and/or the 1. ....1..I.2 96proof stress (non-proportional elongation) (Rpo.. Other methods may be used by agreement bet\veen the purchaser and the supplier.·!te! L-......r... 1'" +-.......1.. I-...1"_'! (t·U_... .....-..... 2) of non-austenitic steels shalt be measured and the value obtained shall conform LV L!Le specified h.. ..._ C(. #"">. 10 Copyright by the British Standards Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 Institution © ESI 1996 .. ill tl:. 1ft 1. .. The vaJu. slabs.16 as a result of .. A bend test piece shall be prepared and tested in accordance with BS 5903....-..... ..) test piece or.28 min diameter (100 mm-' cross-sectional a.. ... diameter b) Izod impact.-._.. and except as provided in 1. L. one mtercrystaume corrosion test snau De . _. .So may be used.oo '\/:::}o..:+. . • . .16.1I11t":' _ " _..'!i ~!tGU! be carried out as specified in 1. . ~ ..1 ..~ 11 !eL~"!_. .. NOTE. • _ r.'_... .. It.4.....-. ...16~1~4 The properties . OlU-'Jt't_:L I_.lJ. and y ... r...eUlpt'._ fr'~ 1.. rnachined from bloOTHS. J......1 l. '-...2J...16 Test methods and test resurts "II "II r"II . or b) using Vickers and Rockwell methods WAUl QQi_a_.6 Intercrystalfine corrosion test (applicable to austenitic stainless steels only).. the 0.. . shall be determined. /. ... ..17. ..lt:Htt:_':Hl'':' ... D U! ~_ Lltt' ....n.U /\ I"': 0/ /0 proof stress (total elongation).-.. ... vel .. shall be measured vvhen specifically ordered. ill tIle relevant . if any test sample or test pieCe fails to conform to the requirements of 1.........> U/ 10 .4--" ..." -4---.. +~"'rt at.. .5 Grain size test wnn tne appropriate •.U_..... provided it is not less than 70 ~6of that value. • specmeu In tame 11 rouoweu oy cooung In suu air. l_I!Ul_'1 "...} \.!. +1- 1. where possihle... !_... forgings b ana urop rorgings to tne rnmensions 01 tne 11.J.. "".H'eH... .!'1 . l. The average value of tIle results obtained for three notches shall conform to the relevant requirements of the ITtaterial specificaticlH. u.O ..._ 1...4 Hardenahlfity Hardenability test matenai specmcanon or on tne oruer snau De tor the yield strength Re of non-austenitic acceptance D!!.. ..+ ....:..rea.J ...... D ... . .3.UJ.. racnorotlUOI-U L\... These are for guidance only.. ~..l£ll.... • .. .. rne choice shall be made by the supptier.... .r.. Graphs for the comparison of the various given in annex A.. 1..17. ... 1..0 % proof stress may only be ordered wllerL appropriate for the rrtate:ri8J specified..... \_) 1\11 LIlt"":'l. ~ "". _-4-- l_·leo..... _1 • a + l.'tpO. rrus test shall be carried out in accordance with BS Et~ l0045~ 1" I the product having the largest equivalent in the batch..... ..!tt..: _L... \... RtO..r. • " incorrect test procedure or faulty equipment. ........ ..... T~-t-h T VV tests shall be carried out in determined and the results obtained shall conform to the requirements.. in accordance H grades are It}11 DQ 1_}I..5.... It is not possible to convert values from onE' type of irrtpact test to the other.... "" . 1~16~1~3 When agreed between the purchaser artd . bars. .. 1.." accordance with BS 44.rne 1.._..65"". ...It:::'. the 0.4-.5.. +_. - 1"<-" . . ..:'l·t'IUL!t_: ~l..t·!ut'Hl· U(.l1 vv . agreed.~U'~. oroer. '-'." BS 427 and of tne suppuer or ror material not greater tnan 10 mm diameter or width across flats.....t ....4-... lH thJ\J 11 1.L"_'.llH:':'U UL_.. . if the test bar is too small... Either one or other of the following tests shall be carried out.U1e +'11 ~ 11 ¥ t::t::r... • .. and the value obtairled shall conform to the specified requirements.. NGrE. specified . +-i.37.2 to 1.. J ......!....t..16.. unmachined test pieces having a gauge length equal to 5.... test L 1..... upPt'! .--......::: \j.. ..3 Hardness test The hardness test shall be ca:rTied out: a) using the Brinell method in accordance with BS 240 using. In cases of dispute.. . _ .......J"GYfE........". test.1_. .. .!t!!!S!!C • _ L . '1'l~U. Considerable caution should be exercised when converting from one hardness scale to another and in cases of dispute thp BrineH hardness test shall be used. r..~neral L'. a 10 111m diarneter hardness testing in accordance n\:. tcnsuc test pieces shall be ....es to be verified shall be selected by the purchaser .. ...r>h 4 F~""" a) GPvarpy V-notd: impact test...L• .16. . t_:a. • .. J..--...s_Jsnau ne retest eo In accordance .. .15...JtJ ball and a load of 3000 kg..1 The tensile test shall De carneu out in accordance with HS Et~ lOOO~-l.....l"...0 % proof stress (Rn1.. 4-1I_e~H.. vel . l·He ...I(e....~... ...... 1...o)...6. . ~....JL1!J\.E"'I iV -.........-.rther test Sampl€{..~ .1..........4 Number of Intercrystalline corrosion tests (Applicable to austenitic stainless steels only... .1.J 'T'TO IiliQ7 I • the following prope:rties shall be deterrnined for purposes unless otherwise ~~_~ steels.. illets. 4--1-. NOTE.-. the test results shall be discarded artd a fu.~ ...J'-.16.d agreed at the time of enquir ... One individual value may be belovl the specified value..... to tne dimensions of the largest recommended round test piece that can be obtained having it gauge length equal to o. . .. t(tO.. 4-.... .1"..+1-....

. .. . ..-J ~.l then the manner of marking shall be the subject of agreement between the purchaser and tile supplier...eu_ 1.._. • If the purchaser requires special marking to be applied to the rnateria. rrom sucn tensue test pieces contorm to the tensue . rrom tne items snowing the widest deviation...vtJ'-' 1. . ".2 Tenslle tests 1. ..' .. ...--'..... (_Ii .. forging or drop forging from which the original test sample was taken.~~ _~ ....... .......ti Intercrystal1ine corrosion test - . Values not conrorrrung to the speCIfIed requirements. 9 Manufacturer's 1 sfat.not.17... .BSI BS*970~ PART*1 96 == 1624669 0535252 T87 II BS 970 . 1. shall be so stated on the enquiry and order.1 S110uld tile hardness value determined on 4 any bloom... the heat treatment..11 l-..2... . three additional test pieces shall be taken from the same . then an adequate number of items .4... urop forging or machined part... 1... the results of the ITtecllardcal or other tests.uu Part 1 "'''''''''''''''A.... • ....2 Should the hardness results obtained on all the retest iterrls COnfOITll to specification requirements.....17. the manufacturer srLall supply a certificate stating the cast analysis of the material.." .llrro....-4--... ..ele'_~l.. __ ..muet. _ ~ . unless that item has been withdrawn by the manufacturer. or any combinations of tnese. . . .." . ..nt provisions of BS 5903 shall apply........_ . .e~l..17... drop forging or macI-tirted part. .. forging... ....:~_ ~~~ L... . u. If this marking is required it shall be stated 011 the enquiry and order (see also 1. L 17~2~2 The Inechanical properties obt. __ _ _ __ _ ~1 ~ ~ ~1 • l' . rorgmg...5 Hardenabllity I' ... l_J~ 1 " • _.... the batch represented by the original tests may be rerLeat treated and resubmitted for testing." . .t more "[nan 1'. 1.2.. billet.peCIIH':'GI !LI!L... 1 tHen . He shall be at liberty to inspect the manufacture at arLY stage and to witness the required tests..... TIle document supplied shall state t..8..ch impact.ser's representative...ai:n.....e requirerne:nts of this Part of BS 970.18 Inspection The purchaser or his representative shall have access at all reasonable times to those parts ()f the rnanufacturer's vlorks engaged on the order.17... I . ::1!lUUIULIte re~UIL~ obtained .nOUIO any 01 tne original test pieces tail.:-.::-.. . ..·1. .he steelmakirtg and casting process and.&. . ..17. T .1. slab. "L. Dar.. ~.." . and grain Size tests .!!Lai one 01 \'" HH":H ~!ta!! ne tne ongmai DIOOffi.. Tile releva... the manufacturer shall rLilve the right to reheat treat the materia! and resubrnit it for testing.... t ~ !-!'!~_L!_. the material represented shall be deemed not to conform to th...... . 1 __ tIle material J-. .1.:~l __ LHldll . © BSI 1996 11 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ... \IV -• nen matenai IS to De Inspected. as appucaoie.... .emerrt In tne case or matcnai suppnen m the heat treated condition... . the material shall be deerned not to conform to this Part of BS 970. one of which shall be taken from the bar. unless that item has heen withdraw:n by the manufacturer.~..~ l·ILe .{lhen requested.1'I..... and Izod Impact tests 1. . .. sample ana testen.. L 17~4~3 Should any retest item exhibit hardness ..... . twice the original number of test samples shall be selected for retesting. \.... • _ •• Should trte results of either of these tests fail to conrorm to tne specinec requirements and this is confirmed on retesting. 1~17~3 Chaj_-l'Y·V..-. Slao.-... ~£ 1__ 11 ... 1.' . the reduction from the as-cast state (see artd 1... t~c.. tfi€ •1 ...3 In the case of material supplied in the heat treated conditioni the manufacturer shall ['Lave the right to re!leat treat the material and resubmit it for testing...4 regarding the marking of lead containing steels).1 :. billet.. !... .:: _ " ..me average value or tne SIX tests shall he not less than the specified valuo .-..\/0 01 tne morviuuar values may ne lower than the specified value and not more than one rtlay be lower than 70 7~of this value.. then the batch shall be deemed to conform to this Part of BS 970. 1.17..::.. fail to co:nfo:rrn to the specified requirements. • -.. above and/or below the agreed hardness range..3.... 1. ~.. bar. Should any of the retests fail."'" l.. Failing this....... . --... shall be deemed to conform to trus rart of 07"'--..: _L' ... ...~~ • ...17. _ .. 1. and tested In the presence of the purcha.....1.. then tensile test pieces may be prepareu.. _ 1 .7~2).ed frorn the test pieces prepared from the further test samples shall conform to the specified requirements......1 If the average of three impact values is lower than tl-te specified value.ebt..Ul lel. If required by the order. I ~'-lUH ~-!' t:::'HlelU·. or if any VIle value is lower than 70 ~iof this specified value.....

• working temperature and.BS 970 -. lVlO. :l) For thitoreason the use of separate test bars is not recommended © BSI i996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .g. cr. order to be free from bainite. alloyed carbon manganese steels NOTE 1.. 2. free frOTH rJHHIlt.p~ls inf'lHdpc1 in this clause develop their properties by the addition of small amounts of vanadium or other micro-alloying clements. e. ana softened and micro-aiioyed carbon 2"1 Specific requirements for as-rolled and as-rolled and softened steels NOTE. for certain appli(ations. due account shall be taken of those elements which may form this constltuent. together with control of hot •• . however.. for through hardening steels. NOTE 2. <)\ ~. see Category 1 steels shall be used for new uesigns and for established designs whenever possible. metallurgical advice shall be sought. Ths.. subsequent air cooung .. TIle chemical cornpositiorL and rnecharlical properties shall be as given in tame 4. according to the particular end conditiorls and strength grade required..2 Specific r'eqtrlrementa for micro . shall be selected Irom witlli!l the broad range giVerl in table 5. the analysis. an alternative route to obtaining hardness and tensile strength normally associated with medium carbon and alloy steels in the hardened and tempered condition.e~ They offer. 1b aid machinabilitYl it may be necessary for the microstructure of the forged part to be agreed.st. ana In tne ' finished condition have a Ierrite/pearlite structure. it is not possible to state specific analysis requirements.. In. Since the analysis of the steel necessary to attain the specified :properties depends on processing conditions and section size.lVln. \IV nen necessary. •• • ~. For requirements section 3. Nl ana \'_.li.

W ~ ~ . .S s o (01 t- t. '''' 0 1 3 e = S .1 I o LIj .--_ ..t.~ ~--------------------- ....100 \~ .---! (". .101 1a7 ... sf-----------c...U iii cd U © BSI 1~)!-}6 1'l Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. 0' .Section Z BSI 1b24bb9 85T == Part 1 1996 ..J 00 000 o ti:J o 0 o sc UJ o I.'J... "" ... .. . ~ r.. l'ii I~ ... Ip I L-- t- 0 0 000 OJ t-.. ~I . <C ~--------------------il..t-0 0 t-0 t-- "0 10 0 0 ti~ IJ I iES I(] ~I v.l r. '-.I. ~ 10 0 Ol~ S~ ~ Q) u~ c000 \. .. ..0 ~ 000 C-.

.BS 970 BSI BS*970= Part 1 : i996 PART*1 9b II 16246b9 0535255 796 == Section Z Ita:l :::: o: lf I~ .. t= . e e '" ~~----------t i 8- L.."'.1 o 00 o c _ 1 "~ ~~i------- "..J ~J ~-----~-------- ~ 1=~t= r: - ~~ E ~ S ~ ~------~------I":::' ~ t.-01 ·--:-'--:-:--=l 10 kG! ::.:: o l. -:::J t ~ ~ .:i l"~ ea I~---.. & .j .~ ~~I---o-·----- 14 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © ESI 1096 .--+-------u ~ ell ~t ~ .. I".i.. I~ .... ill 1- r. L___+ o C'-.0 I_I"') ~E C.

...:_.fi5 0.....-..3.._I_4' .70-1.10 4 4 X P+ OJ« :5 II I h V._j_O-\J.iI g_t . ..30 0 4 x P + Sn :::::0_10 max.... -'11 c'..80-1. ~_~ I .U . C'o V 0_15 .. . 'In v._f'_:i_f_.L..40-0.(_I_r_l .e ...LV v....80 0..025 max..V~D ~A~l .._t_Ip._._I_-:.::_.36-0.~O : in an_l ..44 0.'"'u onl .45-0. " ~J c.50 3.70 0. © BSI 1996 15 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. w ~jleCIIIC by nttl-ei<liIlg .c::: 0.. \..0u 00 I)_ 0...___ 'I l\HI_J.40-0.. _ ._~r__t!_. .00 O)~ U..OV-0.00-3... requirements .44 rv II 0.25 4 x P + Sn ~ 0._' (\ . t A X r "+ . '_}_OL) 1\ qc:: V. .vv Others '-± 708JVI40 709lV140 0.70 I c.. Specific requirements for steels for suface hardening by rutnumg shall be as given in table 6._ r..-._e_r_I:'_._ '11 ..90-1.. fV1 nn _.:1 Chemical composition ..025 max.25-0.0D-U.~v ')(I v.~v-v..'~ _.0V 0 Clf\ 0 I O.15-0.60 O.::: ~:n \1.70 0.1_.e .50 X P + Sn ::5 0.. ")Q ii.1624669 622 == BS 970 Part 1 1996 £"'f eJectIOn JI • . .._o_r_l_I:r_I_c_ls_:_.t:l:0 r.._I_c_.. b_l_e_J_f_i_.._ _')_r_s_l_i_r_f_a __l:_e_.10 P 0...36-u."'±O 1\ 11') 0.J.t __:r_-_:i'_1_:i_r_lg_.uv I 0"- c.1_. n'_Ji_JIYlp~)o:1 P 0.90-1.L... [-'1_3...40-1._~_r_IL_i_c_--a_._r_I:. S U.0_25 nnt:1\IfQn...45-0.. _t_ta..!o' SU:::~~1 ~ '-' Mo r..U20 max.45-0... r ~"'QDi .12 897rv!39 U...(j5 1..t_.. S U.OO-..~O-'-'.40-0.35 0.

.!. (" ~ 1 where core strerLgth requirenlents are not higjl and a carbon or an aHOYsteel at tne lO\Veno 01 tne range would give the required core strength..!.-"~ ~_"'~.."i'iiirur.__. the steels have been divided into In selecting a case-hardening steel for components with larger section sizes.• . U. If water hardening is not an option because of distortion.l.. attention has t.a::...lloy steels (see tame 10)..! . Categor-y 1 steels shou.:H·tnJ. .. as wit!l sorne A other sections. 1-ii:..ld be used uesigns vvllenever possible...!.'-".!..~..• . dditionally..f..8S1 BS*970: PART*1 96 BS 970 Part 1~ == • 1b24669 0535257 569 == Section rfirli. l1tbles 7 to 9 give reqllirernents for carbon or alloy two categories. . '--'. "-H~'-·P"'Ii.. L V'--' '-' . .. for new designs and for established case-hardening steels . " •• -..!.. ~ -...-'.. A '-"'!. •• . • ._.-:::::JI CaSe-llarf1ening ~ ~ .L!.!. This applies particularly ~ .:tsp-h::1rdnpss A-J ~-~"~-J v ....!..~t~V tn . Attention is drawn to tne advantages or specnying hardenability requirements for a... .o be given to achieving the required surface llard:ness as w-ell as the core properties._r -----'-_.po • 16 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . ....!.... the use of an appropriate alloy steel may lu:. .:::t{-'hi~\7P 'i::iti.

I A I~I i j 1.. ~ C-.~ H __ I '--------i :"l 1!4TO) R ... .1 . j j I I I o co I~ o . . .11 H ti I~I . . . '''' I c i-C'J . .d11 j~ ~ ~ L. LD PART*1 96 . ~ ~J... c: _" u c: CT'j Ii co... oj C'J l~l ti ti I~I I <. . 1 I e-. ~ ..'T.~ :oc. I~I .. f--------!I Soo~~j~la.. . ..1 ~~ ...~. 1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~.:= . 1624669 0535258 4T5 II BS 970 .BSI BS*970: SectiO!l4 ... ~ .. Part 1 t.r:i H 1------1 ~ ~ ~ C>':l ~j~1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ • ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ .~ t- I H ~ C~j C--J t- 'o::t' a Ctj CT:.-J C'J H I ~~ I 1 .... c." 10 1 " " o 00 ~j "'" ~... E-!>---< . .r:J ~ ~ III 1------1 ~ ~ ~ ....----. "~ <1>. ~ ~ ~i ~ ......: IO! •• 1 10 .Ij ~! '5 ~ t"'! . j~ j-. ..J lC ~ ~ C'j f--------! ~i ~1~lwi : "" I ::..~... o C"'::. .0 i o .. 11 ii L~ .. .... ~ . I ..... ~ ~-~ ~ 91 """I ."1 C~ Ie 1-- 0 C'J r. • ~J' - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ """ ~ ~ : • =J.._ I o o o if. n 1 ......) o o i o -. I i ..::t' ~ iCQQlD:.. I H l~l ti lei c tN ci "". I~I I~I :.. o D!YI :0 " ©BSI1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 17 . ~ .. .":l C<i 01 ~I I . ~ E: E: .ll lei I~I ..

::tC':l w ".. H R I_I I iO I INI W I ~I I~I I~I H I ~~ I 00 C'<l 0: 00 C'.BS 970 I Par't ! I Section 4 lei I~I '''' I ~~I 11 I ~C'-l i~i r:lI I e5 H -.~ I I ~I I~I ~ 91 ~ SI H I I 18 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1995 . ~-l 1:1 n I t--= 11 I iGll I H I~I r---i I!...J LI') -:::t' II) C":l H I~I I 1::0 C\J I~I 11 I C":l C'-J t..

J m cv:J . Q ~ ~0 0 OJ o tO o :.~ . C V ... ~ . ~g C0 o . ~ 9J I .. ...... n 10 . I~ w crJ ........ L' ~I ...J 00 . ............. r-=I [~ .' r:. C-... .......... © ... I o ..I. fiJ.. c-r Q") .. OJ 00 Ctl I""""'i cv:J .. .... \Z ...~ I~_· Ii :'" ©BSI1996 Copyright by the British Standards Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 Institution 10 ........... <:) ~ c:j C .......... 00 .. CQ I""""'i ~ ~ 10 ~ © ... ~ Q':I en C-."....~ --........... 0 ~ ~ .... o ~ ~ = 19 ..... ..... C'] ~ C'-] I""""'i CQ . ~\ .. 00 .... 00 .. . I 10 l~ .. ~I .. c:........ ~\ ~( I....... I S E ......-..BSI 8S*970: ~A~I*1 96 II 1624669 0535260 053 II BS 970 Part 1 t IO? ... =' I. ...

1 G'.~ Lt~ ~-~~~~F"""lC'j~ aa ~-l ~ a ~'l u~ u~ 0 C aaoooooc g~g~~~r2888 10 Iii 0~~~~~~~~ u ..\.':J 0 0 0~ io i C o 0 c) 0 Q c:) c:5 c:5 CQ~OJOC cj c:) ~Q l. t::': LI"'\ Q~ 0 o CCCc cc:... o 8 a VI fJ'J lD t0 t1_Q C:.aooooo~ II t- e t- aaooooo ~ c~ ~ c~ ~-l ~ ~ iJ....'j o Vi 0.. CiJcr-.J Lr") to C~ 0 C'l C'~ C I I ~~ ~ .. ~ """'-! ~ """'-! ~ g-s L...q.lO~~ ~ ~ C~ ~ ~ ccoooooc I L::V nn I~ I II- Ii !'I~ I~ 100 I .J o CJ~ 1'3--~ J"IoooI "'-i ~ Q """'I 0 o o r-1 00 o LI"J 00 o CO o ."::l C..J It..... ~ os 0'.) -... t.. ~ c:::J oaoooooc .j 0 C-.C:..' to i-.. Ig g ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i i j iii o lI..BST DAh)Twi r 1"'\1.C t..1 C'i C~ ". © t.u BS 970 F"'art 1 : 1996 96 == 1624b69 0535261 T9T ......Q tQ l...... o c..........J C.....aaac~a~o ac:)oooooc C (}~ (}~ Q~OOOOOC \..o 0 o 0""'" c ~~~8~~~~~~~~~~~~~g oo~ C:. Section 4 G'.J i1~ C'J '"::::f'! 0 C':] C QQ0 0 ~ 0 It":l 00000000 ~J l. o C.\'~....~Jt ~~ 17::' c7::' C~ C.. L0 N C'l LrJ _. LG o . Ig I I <!l i © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ...~ C-l ~-l ~j ~\~ ~~ U~ C'':] U~ C-l i...

. BS 970 Part 1 . . .. IJ 0 P 0 ! I ~ C~:J 0 \0 . ..... 1- N !' . IQ I 10 0 (0 0 e- a \0 a q~ 071 li~ Q ooC o0 C'l C'l 000 so ~ "'i'! C''l 0 00 '!"""""'! ! 52 C'i §' C'I I I © BSI 1996 21 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..:] 0 C-l 0 C'l ~ In C'l LG i.. . ....::. .. m '"' . a . I \e.... " c: . :9 .......) .:] ~ lu~t--~~ \~ I I ~ G'r'5 ~ 10 ! C\! 10 II I 10 I'!""""! 0 10 \~ I~ I~ o 0 t... . rr-. ... .....~ectlon 4: BSI BS*970: PART*1 96 == 1624669 05352b2 92b ......... .. E.........C:~ I •• \e 51 I ......... a C c:J ~ 0 0 ~ I G'J I... _§ . ..._ .. 0 0 ~ 0 . -.................. . 00 00 co 00 .1 C'l (01 C'l Cfj ~ C-l cr.......... C t.--< Q'j . .... ....... so if. 18 c~ ~ g C<l ~ i I IOUJao . r..

eu.l.10111J 880-900 800-820 1830 : 21"7 930-950 665H20 930-950 1 925 1 Z!~D n~~ .-" I orvr . VVU..~.------~. 1624669 0535263 862 Part 1 == Section 4 I 'Iable .I.l.~ Category 1-'-1 Category 2-'-J Preheat treatment temperature .L..-----------~ : .VI orv: rr .iCallYI=~malized i I [tempered _ ! I I __.. rr I ~_j_ 0l)'''' 930-950 82()-<'?40 207 '" rr L:!.. VUI. ! '.207 207 207 207 6651123 ..~u-840 930-950 820-840 ?:0t::Ulh VUl1J.~~n.. ~_~_ _ ~ P$!.1808H17 1808!v!17 22 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © ESI i996 .• SleetS ! 0451\110 900-930 I\{\I\ 080M15 130r¥f15 214rvi15 .-7 6651v!2() ......v..l. Auetenirizing temperature tsars and I Forgings and bars for machlnlng billets for forging INormalized .nn" V"P_}\_' ! 2101\115 &llOY ~neelS 900-930 _ .as 970 8SI BS*970i PART*1 96 ..-.:su-950 820-840 925 207 lon.805IvI20 : ..~..:i ! \jarDon.d Requirements hardcnabtlrty for test Iititxi:n. vvv . ....-.-. I . r 820-840 820-840 ~.L r» __ TT~ ~ os t rr 01'7 I 820-84-0 0:.LP". carnon manganese • _ . -925 925 G)i1r')' "'"'VI "VI "... -_.- .l.l. - .: 925 820=840 : G)G)iJ .t a!!.7 I I_V' 9.l .. rt ..V i::~0lil ~ ~0u-950 820-840 t..:::..:1 l____------. 930~950 207 . Case hardening steei~: Ileal lCealJu.1liIit hardness requirements Maximum hardness HB (when specified order) in the condition delivery of on the! ..... 925 207 207 207 207 523!v115 5271'~117 590H17 590rv117 cr 217 870 925 207 207 ~_jl " ~l! 1 . r 1 ci)G)n w~i7 925 ......nl''''..-----------.. - u"-tU.!p!! ~~.. VI 207 ~!...I.L "". I Hardening temperature ~------~... 9.207 "-1 820-840 637H17 h0''''iinl1/'. I ~!.. 207 ~!. 708H20 708Ni20 8061117 805H20 80til l'f17 i 820-840 820-840 930-950 830-840 Y:!JU-950 1207 .1"'"llKOn OUD1Vl~~ c).

._J 880-900 OL'''} - I 277 ':. I crttfeally annealed \NOrw.. : 18151\'117 ~LV..)IJ) Shall also be stress relieved at a temperature not pxceeding 200 0(.~.". £'I .... 0..117 I 830 O. vuv QQG)iiff10 : 1 I1 n"'~TT"1'" UUi<a. _ 'I I I Requirements hardenabtllty for test Maximum hardness order) in the condition ~f deliv'.J.~ .lU \ . r:: 0"" OLV'''~! C'I"'f\~()\ 277 'n See note to 1.. " 241 880-900 1 nnATT"1 !.\ .lr.".l. bars for machining 1 • _ _ _ I JNormaiized j"e Oi~Ul'7 (_)j_Oll_1_ f AnA I O'7ry . Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .I.". land 1 . wI 1 ." I Suh- 1_~ t:'0V- ".L1 Q')')i-il 7 255 255 I 8221v117 Ou~Ll1u Oc)u)TT1 C) 820-8/10 880-900 800-~::!() 830 Q'). 8201'...._'lVlj_.t. Preheat treatment temperature I Austenit.. \ 1 I) I "'.Section 4 BSI 96 . ~_ . \ temneratnre ...allzea.ry HB (when suecifred on the \ ---.I ~brgings and.!1_!! ~ 820-840 (".a...1'1.JI w.J\_' U'){\ OL:V-Ol.: 248 248 cvrrrr 1~' . \ 00 t:: 1l1r 1 IOd..!-U 0'" 277 RRO-~OO : I V.535264 7T9 BS 970 == I ! "".~lllp~r~11 An~ t1..~~ \ ~vDt110 .00 r. Catezorv 11) -J ~------~~~~~----~----~.izing I tsars and I temperature I biHets for I I forging I .1. .::::o I ./. ! Hardening Category 21) . t1DV I ..5.....

.~_.. fj~~"(U.. .. . .rne cnanges mcruue tIle introduction of 2.... the removal limits and for certain unstabilized steels..stalnless ana .0 ~bmolybdenum. '...-.. . . rT'01I 11 _ • 11 11 of the previous minimum silicon and rnanganese chromium range has been widened allowing cnrorruum down to 1'/.. . 11 . '. ~ © nSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..0 % molybdenum ranges in place of the single r3.5 9h and 2_5 % to . ana tne neat resisnng steel products..l1ge 2.. . -- ... . 3.25 % to :)..8):1 ... opeC!IlC .... • . r. form at rorgmgs. changes have been made to take into account agreerflerlts that have been reached In mternanonai harmonization discussions and lllainly concern the cnenucar composmon ranges. ~- .0 % to 2.. 'Iables 10 and 11 specify requirements for fcrritic....... 310 831 both as forgings and as-cast or rolled Especially in the case of austenitic steels. martensitic and austenitic stainless steels in the .' . .U .. _ BS 970 .r.. . steelS .. the )'-0..._n. F~rt 1 PART*1 9b == 1624669 0535265 b35 == oectaon . .

. . . . I . .0 rIJ I~ . "" I .. . . .-.... .- I---------i. . g 01 £r-0 ~I ~ ~I [ :s ~~o~· 0 ~ . ~ .. ..t) .q I~ L<~I :or .. .. I 8~ cc c- i "" N ... .. .. ........I '-:1 -I o § o g cO o o o o '" o o o 01 . .... .. ...A. . \1 10 01 t':.~ .. ... '" I's I~ . ...!.""1... ... 01 -I .! ..... .. . I"". .. . I i II.. .. «>'" VI /\ SE EB co cc ~~ ~l o:a~ \1 ....-. a -!'-ot! ! ! ! ! i i.. ~. t. I I ~ 5 '" 00' .'>11 ! ! iCiO eo ec lOOOO NColC\l ___.::': 1 -: 01 ~I '-II 01 C":ll . . ... .. I I II 1-------1.:..:.. .. .... . ... '" i co i o cc .. ~ EE EE ggf6f2 VI E E _S S E~86 ""~... .. C"\!oo ~tet2 ! ! ~-~~o~o <> Lr.. 1.. .. <0 12 §I . .. ..""1 V!! ~ ! . ... ~ .c ..-. . ..'" o~·_ ~ _ cO ~_'. . ~ .... .SSI BS~970....u I.. . . I---------i Is 91 I.:.. ""' . VI /\ 6E ~I I ~11 . . ... j~ E eij e:i'J " I... ....--l'- o o r-. "L'_ c» o I[~~ c:1 001 I J 01 JI 10 I e~ ~I ~ .c ] ~ -.. I I I 01 e-JI 001 "'~~ "'ccc ec .. 10 IN 01 I~ 1... I-~ [0 i ~ [_ .::1 I . ...0: ~I~~ """1 ~ "'" -- © BS! 1996 25 i opyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. ..1 I~ ~I I------l... PART*1 96 ~ 1624669 05352bb 57L . t e-. . ..tJ 0<i. .. I ---. ~~g ~~8<:D cr~ to 6 o '" I---------i ... . cI. !.. i. I ci o o '0 o o cc .. . I I r: VI A s:?~ I ~~.~ I~ IE . ""'" .. o ~Q -n 1I \P ~Ic ~ I I~~ ~I ~ ~ 01 . . .. .: •. !I i2 .._:] 1 ID I- I¢ .J I---------i 10 01 "". .. 100 . . ..~ i . It:. P"J_ 10 I 00 I cc .. '-11 o cc o o <0 10 I' I~ 01.____. ..1 L___J o .~.. . C-~_ ~I f21 .. ..~ .. . .. '-' o~· o I o I ~o :33 ~o~· ~o~· ~ __ ~I~ ~Is 1oMoI1-'" ~ I ~ ~l ~t. I~ ...r... .. .<" . ... 10 1M 10 I _' 1'-' .. .1 . . .... ~ .I I I y ~I ! ..1 II . .. Ii . I ~ ~I . I § ~I I""" ~I ... o~· ~ 9 .0 .. I V! I~ I~. Part 1 i996 i..:. t ! M f\'!! ~ h ~I I'"":' . 1\ ~I ~I I ~ ... . ...>« . ..

~ '" i o o <:'-l~eqCQN ~ ~ ~ ~ 55 ~~g~g w C. . Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .1= .«> '-"0 .. '''' .. If.. II~ . ~ . .II ~gl'_ iiiii 1624669 D5352b7 408 !!! Section 5 1~ . j Ice '''' .. A.i ~~8~~~88~~~~~~~ o0d 0 0 C0 0 Q 0 0: ci ci ci ci ci .. . I~ IZ: I=- :~ I~ lB i"" .c- . I'...l c~ f\j e.:j ...: .8S970 Part .. © BSI 1991!. ~ &... I~ l..

1624669 0535268 344 ~ as 970 Part 1 1996 c... . . .~ BIllets ana nars for :torging .nces o. 6~3rJimensional tolera.·- reumrements .. ..1 Sizes 6~I: 1 Billets for forgin. © BSI 1996 27 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. 6.. 6l:2 Mass/unit length toleI'ances L'1e standard tolerance on length for random lerLgth bars shall be 600 mm...4. Billets and bars for forging shall be straight to wu..... Inay be agreed between the purchaser Billets for forging shall be supplied in accordance witll table ... r u..a.. .. ....n_ce with tables 13 to 15..1....!~..... ..g Billets for forging shall be supplied in accordance with the nominal sizes given in table 12." roierances ~peCIIIC -.. O"Jn.run 1/250 in any unit length... 6.... NOTE...1 Billets and bars for machining Billets and bars for machining shall be straiglltened to vvitlli:n 2 mm in any 1 m length..r Ia .. Black bar 2 The sizes of bars shall be selected tram NOTE.& ..4. Sizes other than those in BS 5722 may be available... Closer tolerances and the supplier.. ... . ana ... . '" ...... HlaCK ..... . 6.. tl..3.... r>' .aSI DV ..1 96 .. . g~". A 6...2 Drop and press forgings and upset forgings made on :b... Dar Tolerances shall be in accorda. ..Ol~izOllt$i1 forgillg machfnes izrop ana press IorgIngs ana upset rorgmgs mane on horizontal forging machines shall conform to BS 4114 unless otherwise agreed between the purchaser and the supplier..

!1.7 110...1 101.. (otner '[nan srainless Permissible mass steel) for forgin..3 1.. ::: because of the differences in roil pass design.8 93..6 138. it should be realized that.1 I _ These are preferred _ _ ~ _ _ _.J_ 1 FJi! I \I . 38) When round cornered sauare billets are supplied to the mass/unit length requirements 01"this table.dardIl!aSSpel~ Inetre and tolerallces Round billets on Nominal Standard mass kg/In Permissible mass variations en Round cornered square blllets!38) Standard mass kg/m variations size-v. .6 205 210 ~~~ 271.I I I 1.j{\\ ""tV) tor other sizes ot round billets.6 41.v .'l ..BS970 BS! BS*9?O: PART*1 9b ra..i-_J . SIzes tor rounn cornereu _ • •••..r:: 'n~ ± 2.1 VJ.!D .g: st-a.7 148.7 140.c.) BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .0 129.d .00785 4 ' <£._p_J a: 100 105 1 1/\ j_j_\_} 61.8 32.C..8 ± 2.iV 57 60 65 67 25... in mm)2 x 0.4 120. which may exist from mill to mill.7 68.2 188. 1129.2 112.5 49. "" ~'-'.5 88. Btllets Nommal sizeO across flats O7 .±'_} when..0 190 246.I.8 lnn 0 _1_ViJ. • ••• ••.')0) .. 0\1 85 rvrv t. corner radius and angle between sides.8 mass is specified.' t1V when a maximum +0 150 155 160 -5' 98 100 105 108 110 115 120 12'7 130 140 I 7Ji n ...5 rv .. .• • _•• . standard 1t X masses Shall oe caicutatec USIng tne rormuia: • . may be slight differences in the actual size of billet of the same standard mass. .~~ 1!o 170 178.0 O-tf.~. . \J 1. _ •• _ • • square muets.. <:)Ii\ UU) .et 1 : 1996 == 1b24bb9 0535269 280 == Seetior!. 6 Table 12. " ( I 0[. 104.x/hen a minirnum rnass is specified 10D 1 AI\ j_.lV ." 70 73 75 80 85 ii .L.LV .O 180 185 I 89. • Standard rnass (in kglrn) (nominal size...j..v 77.""""1 211..1 157. a nurumum rru iAh. V. fum diameter mm 50 51 55 _..7 34.LUV 1 .t1 OAi II.8 167.: 120 j_L.0 A" '±V.0 '=In nt::: uv...:.9 298..e. 86 . .t. there .2 124.4 4111::" j 1 iI ~.0 81.

2 ! v. I ne-!"o!!eo materiar I Diameter or .agonal ba-...~ OUI. plierj the tolerances p I tolerance tor 10 mra round may be :t 0.D A \ 0.4 0. -the t. 'Ioterances .... 'OUL • of section' - is as follows: at the same cross-section.8 1.:. 7{1. A v..l_U 't L' ..u . :::.lze _..-.C' Af Hr. the general applications . DO .. i!'tI u"-t::.6 0."" : 05 I V.. .'" .:li.... may be all plus or all minus. rce-roueu materrar !- II I \Vidth : I ±nlID ! aC. Diameter or width across flats ±mltl l\ c) \J..-.U or.. 'Iable _.3 I > > > > . \/ " . 'Ioierances for hot rolled hexagonal . I _ _ _ __ _ applications 'II ..t_} > uO > > !<11\ ! 1 0)0 /"'. .I riats .0 . I t. 0.nvo ...1 i:)~U.u C) r- " . v ~ -s on ov i 0n . 5 v..1 'out at section' is as renews: _ _ --- n V. _ uu rerence netween tne maximum and the rrummum diameter of the bar measured .. of ..-ONSfl. between the least and the greatest dimensions measured across the three pairs of opposing (parallel) flats at a conUTLon cross-section of the bar.:n.:_innQ LL __ L ~L_ ~LL_~~& mp!:NlIrpr1 ~~ .. -I wtdth across ._. D1 Ul.: ~u r. !_.1 n~ v. .. " s 26 s I n OJ '. ::.tTI " .By _agr~~jnent between pUfch..I.2 0 . I Permitted vartatton . . e. IV I ' 0.. i ~IZC 13......'_ The differen". 1':"' .. ... 0.fQ~_'_l5 . i 0... HeJ..wppn _ __ r...: [\ U.g..: I ~~?TE. aL mruna· ~ T10 • oaT . vv .4 nun...darId square bar and rough turned rounds variation i i Ge8«o1. General applications ~ ..: common cross-section of the bar .V 6.0 " ±mm mm f\ ±mm rv ll.5 "0 t=:1 U.' BSI BS*970i PART*1 96 II 1624669 0535270 TT2 II 0 BS 970 Part 1 1996 !.oleranees rnay be all plus or an minus.4 mm...±.U 1.7 1..U I~: : ~A~!n reianon to tame 14 tne nenrunon 01 _..l) r- 0../d . mm :s. ......... __ _ _ \ Souare bar..3 nQ V.o >.L -)0 c::..nc~ rt (r-..tJ f\ o c:: .1 > 90 > 120 > 160 .7 0..U I':" 0 e.._-. to table 13.V " r... v ~.L 0 \ 0.. 0.<± Ii .. i (}. a .2 -s 160 ~ 200 ~.9 1... U"± :S IU . £!t1 u'":t .specIal I T'Io .-.... TIll? difference }-)f~j...:.... ~u ::.0.a.- ... the definition .. '-'0 'It.._OJ ~n_ '.1\ .u .'ipr and su... \l-'u.~ £\ "to I ! II > 16 '::::::0 > . 1..4 I( V.. ".at...'" . e..-.irl ..""Il...~J1... I Nc_:rrE.~ I.. tho " turn "oJ" n.'Jnn I 41) In relation I \ .~ ~.6 0..D ~~ 1.L n '" v..9 .. " :s.hp twn li"impn_o.. 71..fpp'....oecuon ~ . V..6 nr:::: \_J. Prlmarvrulled Diameter round matertal Out of scction41) nnn Re-rolled material i Out of • AI\ section'"+') .. .L. I Permrtted for hot rolled I'ouTI. the general applications I'lable 14. of section1l) wiutn across flats ±rl1rl1 Out or section"H} _ ~ A " mm :S mm rnm 16 .g. i ne • _ . • 0....8 0...._'_G\o~~'C:'~.u ~-{ 10... :s.~~ I~: I ! 10.I . ~...U ~A V"" 11 .__~~ ~£'rl"\~~ .'J ') ::.I1. n .. By _agre~rnent between purch~~er and supplier I tolerance tor 15 mm section may be j: 0. © BSI 1995 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ....... • ~ h$ii= Special applieations He-rolled material I..~ uC 1 : ! 0. ¥ ~......r .

-::... .-.g.5 nc:. n '") l_l. lV S uD OU 05 nQ v. ~ > '" <..-. e. '!!U'_:·!\.6 0.. I I I I I I 75 100 1 l_td(J 100 l~u 't lU\} 1 Or!" •" 0.96 == 1624669 939 == I 'Iable .4 0.0 .. :5. s :$ "r:: e:n 1 .::::V ~t1 '1/\ 0.. 0.1.0 V.tin S 60 0.-. 'Iolerances for hot rolled flat bar Permitted variation Special applications ±ffim I I I I I I I I I I I I I General applications Imm I ±mm wiau.. C) I > > :5. tne stannarc I tolerance on \~ridth for 35 mm '~lideflats may be ± 1.v A[. I Size in. v.. "± 'Jt=:.U 1.0 InnL > 60 © BSi i996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . rJ11-':_.t_l -" "TV .--..D A e- I NOTE.!lIl::_:"~ 10 n" . FJt::._.U .7 1.8 1.. t~e I tolerances rnav be all plus or all mmus. \J.0 . By agreement b~tween _pur~haser and.1 ___ ..supplie~. > 10 s :'5 > tdU <.L.0 rv " V.::.n.v n .

... 0.. (~)BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 31 ... hardening steels 11 granes snecincd In sections---..... tOITi1....IJ r.5f. 1 . _ _ __ _ This enables a pictorial assessment of the naraenaDlllty cnaractenstlcs Ol a particular steel to be made and also facilitates tIle comparison of one H grade with another. I I "'i..... ~L'ley should be selected as recommended in n~ l:l4.u 96 ..== -. Part 1 1996 Annex A Hardenabtlity curves for case .'__:. T10rf .:=~ e ~ 6 (:. ""."" " 1'\ .- :~td~ a:lrLex pr~n~er:t~the p:arde~abil~ty data for the It is important that these gra.rthi . The values to be used are those specified in table 7 (case-hardening steels).• ~ .' _. 1 '.. _.and 4..in m-..... . -------« .. ---~-r------:tl :i ------...phs are not used for specification purposes..

_n_~'_.. I Iii I I I I I I: 1-++1-1I I II I II I II I II II I II I I I I 111\ III 11111 II !!Iii1111111 i It I I 1-f I I I iI! I 1111111 :1. _-= llh?~. I.~~~~~~~~~~~+4~+11-t+1-~.+Ii-t+.~~~~~~t+~~~~. I \ I I II III i II II t I I I I II i i 1"._~2?3 701 --.+.I .1.~.1111 I IIIIIIIIII IIII III I II I I I I I 1I II II I I I I I I I J II II I I I I I I II I III I I I II I I II I I I 1 1~.'.I I II II 1I I I 1111 !! (ot: JO I I I I 1I II I I I I I!.i-t+i-t+ilrtt1It. :'..1 _.. " I.t1ltt1-tt1rttlj""''_:.~.~ Ln 1 jill 1 i C""--.. II I II II I! J J II I II II I I II I II 1111 I I I I II) I I I.r!t1-tti1-ttJrttll~ ~ II II I II II _III II LL~~~~~I~I~I~'~I~!~.i-rt.lI' D." I I I I I I II I I /1 1I 1 I "I II I l I I Ii ~ 1141 ! j J J k1 J II I.JA I I I I 1 1 1 I I 11. 1 1 1 I t I I kl I I I I I IJ1 1 I I I I I 1 I I. ! I I .~. o!'~ly*-. .11111111 1 I 11"1 I \ \ I \ \ I I I i II I YI I. I.LA~ B8970 Part 1 : 1996 r-- ! i~~/~~~-rT'~'~'~ITi"~'rr~rr~~~-rTl-'rIT''-rTilrrTi':'ii'T''-'rT'Ti-rl".~.t1~ ~ ~ II 'II !! I . i~ II I I I I II II .lt".l -~ ~ :+:: ~~n ( !j '"1 u: . ! ! oz i\H )ssaUPJDH III IIII ntrmrrn !! II I I I II II II ! ! L! ! I ! I I " -I 11 .I I I/ i. II yi (. I. tin-tltlli~ ~ II 1. " "I.. -'" ~.' It o II H-11111 II 1 t I I I1 II 1 j ..+ii-tiI11-ttlil-ttiI11-tilltil~ II 1~11~II~LL~~~lH-l~~+~~IH-I+4-I~~~~~+i+i~~'il-1I~I+i-tltlti~++i-t1+t11-rtil-rtl-tti. +! i!"':'~-H+-H+ii+Hlll1. II Iii.rrTl-rTili-rrililrrrili-rT1-rilt~ III!!!! !!!!!!!!!! II !! I.~~}+~+4~+4~~:i}I~I~+4~~41~1~~llil~t+Ii-~i-!t.i.i I I II.·b6q..t..'.+.~'.I 'I I I' I II 10 § ~~~~~~.... Iii I I I Ii II I I IIII II 'lu lJ 32 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI IfH~6 .. I I . I I II 1 I i I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1I I I 11 I I I II 1 III I II I I I 1 II I 1 II.-~ == Annex . . ~.1-ttl-~-rrtl-rrill-J-.I 1\ \\ ~! ~-f+-u+u~'H-' ~~~~IH--H+-H!~!~~~I +lil~+1I-1IH-+1-!~. I0 l~ IN t il II II ! II 1111! I!! I I) 1II II!! ! 1 ! I L "1 II II !! II !! I . LL~LL~L+~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~ B S.. .

.. ...BSI BS*9?O: PART*l 96 ii .... .... . s ro . .. .. . ... .. . . . ...... !!'.. .... "..... .. . . . . ... . ...:_~'-... . . .. ...I.. . .. . . . .. . ..I . ... . . . . . . .llillJ LLll.... l.. .. ..... ... .. ..... ... r.~ .. "'. .. ..I .... . IA I:L- . . ..~ (0£ JO 02 . . .. ...... . .. . . . .. . . ....Ul_~_l_LLLJ.. ...... <l! (. ...~ . . . .. . .. .I . . . .. ... "'. .. . .. ..... '" 1'I . ... I...lJ III II J J C''i <:> 0 r-c !. J . . . .. ... "' . . rr" . .. . ..... .... . . . . . 'A ... . .. ..... .J. . . ... . .. . . . . .. .... 1b24bb9 0535274 b48 !! BS 970 Part 1 iOO':' . 11111I11I1 rLl LLLLLl I :IF j ! I I I! i I In i II In IITnIrm 111I1 III 11~ III i: J t t ~ J . .. ..u.. . . ... .. . mrrrrrrrrr ....= u .. .. . . . . .mp 5... . .... .. .. .. .. . .. ... . .. .. I. !'l5 .. . .. . ... .. . .. . . .. . .. . . . . 1 11I1I II !i "I"I . . . .. . .. '" .. . I 11 . . T' --'--.. .. .. . . .. ... . . ...11 = o -. . .. .. ... .. . ... .. .. . .1.. • . I . .f- i t--Hi-+-Hi-+-H++-++-c++lc+-Hi-+-H++--+++-+-+-+-+-II+f-+I.. . . .... ... . ... . .. . .. .c v .... . . ". . . '" '<'..... . .. . . .. ... .= a . .. ."'. ... "'.. . .. .1 . ""' ~ ©BSI19H6 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. ... " .. .. . . .. ... +! . .... . .... .. . ... . . . . . .1. . . . . .... . . . . .. . ...c: '" . ... . I III I 1:01 .. . .. . ..... . . . . .. .e '" . . . ... . . I Lil-t-l . . . ... .. . . . . . = ~ .. . . . . . . .. \8 111'111:111 III II j I! II III III 1 III III 11111111. .. .. .. .. . . ..... .. .. . (I ... . II Ij LilJLUilll1 III I IIIIIII I1II 1111111 II Ii II rill II I! II... ".. j j .. ... . . .... . . I. . . . "' . .. . . . ... . . . . . II II ... .~ ".. ~'i .1 "I .. . .. . . . • . .. . . .. . ... . . . ... .~w~illlll/llll!1111JI11II Il.LJ LLL1J..... . ..... l·t·f·1 .. . J . .l) i-++-i-+-Hi-+-H++-++f-++i-+-Hi-+-H++-1++-+++-+-+ ++-++i-. . .. . .I"I . . . .. . . .. .. .. . . . . ..I'~ I I I III I I r 1T rTf f1 II I LJ 1. . . .. .... . ... "I . .. .... J .. .. . . . . . . ....... . . . .....111II I I J I I III r 111111 I rill [ I [ II ITrrTTTTTTTlKl i}illl 111{11 I II{ III III II I II I l~ I I~ I.0 Q 1I111I111111111I'1111111111I:r 11111111111 II! j I III! II I 1II1 II) III) IIII I j III III III III I 11 1J Lil Ll. ... ... II Ll. . .. . . ... .. ... r TI-rr+-++l-++l-++1++-. ... . . . .... . .. . .. ... .. .ll l! 1l l II I! Ifi I ... ... . ... ... .. ... . .ll lI .. .. AJ...... .. . . = '" . .. ...i. .. .. ... . .... ~-++1. .. . . .... ..... I:§ I_+ 'I I'l I"""'... . .. .1111 IIII! I Ii II11 . III I 111I I II 1 ..... .. . ... .. ... .. . . .... ... ...... .....: I (l) 'I I I I _l___l___l.... '" .. ....-+I+-+++-+ 1 I: I ::1 II iI 1111111' I i 1II11 .. ..... . .. ... . . . ..... .~ . .."I " LllJ .... .. . .. .. .. . . . ... . . . . .~ . . .. . ....-~. VI I Illll I Il.1 '-1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 • ..... ... Annex . . .... . ..Ll Ll i.. . . .: I~ .AJ_i) sseup. . . ... . . . .. .. .. ..... .. .. . ... .. .. .. . . .. .....

.. .-. .il fl}JU. r .. 1 I I I " I II ......--..I 1 I 1 I I I I r----r ~---.. .. . '"....t I ....I II . -'---' I I I I III I ! I I I I T I I T I I I " 1 r. • ... I I 1 I I I 1 I L .. ""0 . . I I • --'--'--'--'... I I I i\ I ~" I t-t 111'\. I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 r I ~ 30: 1 \I I I ~~.j'.... I I .. ii I I I I i I I i I I I 1 I I iii I I iii Ll ..5 3 11111111111 5 7 9 11 13 15 t-t II ... I I 9 1 I I 11 13 15 I I I 1 I 1 I I I Distance 20 from quenched 25 1 I 1 I I end .• .J I I II quencllea Iii .!'~'~'~'!l'~~'I'=l'=I'_J'~'~'~'~'~!'~'~'~'~'~L~l~ 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I-. I . 11 11 " .!'1!.... I I I Ll Ll I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . I I I I II I end . I .!''1''1''l''l''l''l'!'I''!'.l[l!l[l!l!"l!".. if.. I 1 I I 1 I I I L I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I_ I I I I I I .. I I I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I ... L:)! I .)J' I I ---I I I I I I I -rI T I 1 ...'~~! t-+-t : : 1 I I t==~~'~'=='E=~'=t'=t'=t'=t'=3'=3'=='E='E=E=E=t':t'~'~'~'~~~t=t=t=~~~'~'~~'=t'=t'=t'=t'=t'~'~'~~'=t'=t'=t'=t'=t~'=t'~~~~'~' I I I ..j~"~"~!"l!"l!".. 6St-+i ..I I . T I r 1 1 . 45~1~~~~I~'"~I~'~~~'~I~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~l~~~tl~~~~~~~~~~~~~I~~~~~I~ I I 1. ..-T'I I I I I I I I I '" I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I '\... I TT 1 I I I I I I I .I____I_.j'.. I l.... 1 "" ..----.1... ....-r I .. .. I a:: .. -Jf\ ~ LVI J---II \I " I .j". L____j_ I hi Il'\. . i i ...----. !.~~~~'~~~~f1'~f'~'~~'_j'_j'~'~~~I'~'~'~~~~'~'~~~~~~~~l'~'~!'~'~'~'~'_j'_j'~'~'~I'~'~'_j'_j' =£ 30 I ['\.!''1''l''l''l''l''l'!. I \ I I I I I " I I I 1 -.------r I I '. . I r 1 I I I ill I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I i I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 w :'I: LJ . . r r I I ..r I 1 I ._. 1 I i I I 1 I I I ._ -r-r :t--..... I I I I I I I 1'\1 I I 1 1 ... ....j.._L_~~i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ VI ~ jj L. . I I 1 I I ...!. .. .... : : ~ : : : : : : : : : : : :: :: I :: I I 1 I I I I I I ILL I 1 r-..l=...... I ._. I I 1 1 I I I I I I r I I I I I I I I Iii I I I ~ 4V~::~~'~'~~'~'~~'~~~'~'~'::'~~'~'~~~~'~'~~~~~~~~~'~'~'~'~'~~~~. . ...l I I I\..... i...--r.j".... .... I I I ...:s:: . Distance 20 iI iI '-)L... 1 I I I I t-4-LLJ "'in LV l I -I I I I I I I I r"'o. I I I I j-u! ..---r-~ I I I I 1 I I I I -.I....!~l:~~L~'~~~~~I'~'~~~~~~~~~~l'~~~~~~j.-+=--. !.....BSI BS*970: PART*1 9b __ 1b24669 0535275 BS 970 rar~ 1 : 1996 584 II 1\.... I I I I +r I I r I I 1 1 I 1 I I I r I I I i I I 1 I I I I til I I ILL L I I I till 1 I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I 15 3 I I ~ I I -...L..x .I 1 1 I 1 I I I r-T-.._ LJ l-4-L.!'.. I i I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 :::: CJ Q w 4S~ I ~. I 1 I I I ..l_ I I I I .. I I I I :::c u vl ~ 50 ... I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I . 1.....J I I L.... I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 c:::: r= r" "r" ...r . : 1 .j". I ~r-r I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I l L I ... 1 I I I I I \... I 1 I I I 1 I I i I i'"i..:! 11: I i I I I I II I I I i I I I I I I IIII I l++ W 0:::: . I I I I 1 (1) '" I ..mm I I IIIII from 40 IIIII 45 50 © BSi 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..L..1 IIIIIIIII~IIIII I1111111111111111111111 1 1'"< 1 --rt-t- Ut++-I I>{ 25t-+-++ i I I I ~ '1 .!..... I I I I ifTTTT I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I iii i i 1 I I I I I I I I I . -.... i I I I I I I I .J 1 I I 1 1 I II .'!'.. 1 I I T I I r r I I I "-....!''l''l''1''1' 60 I +-+ It-+-+ f-}--.+---} CC U ~"JI I 1 1 I I C!: I -= 50 __ ! I L I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I l 1 I L I I 1 I 1 I I I I II r I 1 I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L I I II I I L_ ___I____L____j_________ I I I "rv I I I L _L__L I ~~~'~'~'~'~~!1!'_('1i'~'~r1!-!-I'-['-[-['-['-['-['!-'!-l-j'-['-j'-j'~!-l-l-l-j'-j'-j'-1'r-['-['-['-['-['-j'-1'-1'1='!=!=I'-['-[-1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I L I L I L______I________ I I I I -[ I I r I I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I I u Iii L.... I I I I : : :: ::::: .. .... L 1 II r. I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I ILL _ _____l_______j ~ I ..---.. .... I I I I W...--....: "1 1 I 1 '" " I . L+-~.. r ... .mm 30 1 I 1 I 1 I 35 I 1 I I 40 I I I 45 I I 1 I 50 1 T I r I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 r I I I I r 1 T I I r I I T [ r I r r 1 1 1 I I [ I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I r I I I I I I r I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 6S!'~~~:~:~:~~:~I'I:~:~:~:~'~~'!''1''1''1~'1l'~!.. ...!''1'l''l''l'~'!. nnTT1I". 1 w 4U. "'-.. I ..' 1 1 I ill iT 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I rir I I L I I I I I I I -T I I I I ~ll~~'~'I'=l'=l':l"~1rl'~'!1'!:i'~'~'.. ...._. 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 I .1 I I I'\._I I""""""'"" I 1 I f ~r4:1=t--' I tI I I 1.j. ~l-I !..

.. . ! .J:J 1 '" I 1 . 1 I 1 I . ~ 'tV L_______. . 1 L 1 j 551 I I 1 1 1 I 1 I .. 1 I 1 I I 1 I I .6 0:11 L r.. . I I 1 ~ 30 4') 1 . ".. . 1 I I [ I I I LVI 1 I 1 .. I _l_ . 1 . 1 II I 1 1 1 11 T---T I I 1 I I I r I I I I r 1 1 } + -.... I I Fi-.. . . I f..1. . . . I T-----.::.. "l:! '- ~J I Iii c: h:: I \ \ I I I I I iii {_L_I I I I I . 1 1 1 I .. ( I ! I I . 1 - !.1. .. 1 'I 1 . Il'\. I"~ ... I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1"-. 20 I'\. r: w .. 1 . +... I I I I til .... 1 ...J 1 I I """ I 1 .. .. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 ..... 1 1 1 I I ...9-1-:1 Iii ~ I I 1 \ I I I II I I! I I iTT j I I I I j _l_ _ __l _i_ IIII ITi iii : Iii i i ! I I ! II III III I I 1 I I 1 I T _L L 1 I I ! I I I I : .. ... ... '" .56371117 1 1 1 . .J__j I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 _i I I I till I I 1 1 I 1 I I III I . I I 1 1 .. . --t.l " .L ... T 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 .J II 1 • 1 I 1 I 1 I . i"i II I [ I I ~r I II I 1 1 [ II I iI I t' ill i i ! I I I 1 I I I I I } f -} t I IIIIIIII I [ I 1 1 I I Ii! ! ! ~~t ! 1 i I !!! I IIII ! ! ! t! ! j! I I iI 1 1 ! 1 ! I I I I I I I r T T _ _l____j_ _1 I I iii III 1 ... I I 1 . I I I 1 1 1 I I 45\ w ... u Lr1 ! 1 I 1 . 1 I 1 I I ~ .. I. I .. 1 I 1 _I_ 1 I LL .-r-r-d 1 ... . _____l________j I I .... I 1 I 1 1 ...... .. 1 I I t".. .. I I I I I I J . ! I I 1 J + 1 1 I I 1 1 1 ~~ I . I II! !! I I lit I 1 I 1 I 1 _l I 1 1 1 1 1 I r T-1 7 9 11 13 15 25 20 Distance Tram quenched 30 35 end ~ mm 40 45 50 l\.t 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 .. 1 I .... .. f I .-F+-. I J 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 I F--' 1II 1 1 I f -........ W I ~~.. . r "r 1 1 "r Ii 1 .. I I . t. 1 1 I I 1 1 1 . ....I.:.. .... 11 . irt+I ~ll... I . 1 I I 1 I I .. ..oll 1 I 1 "oJ. T I . . 1 _I ! t. 1 1 I I I I . n.l. ....-- i 1 . I . . ~ I "'''' ..l P\. 1~1111 ITT I . I l______l_ . I I"" I .. 1 _l__l___l__l 1 1 I 1 . . . 1 r 1 I .. 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 Tii ...... .. . I I I I r T T { 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 J II ~_j_ ... !!!!!!!!!!!!! 1l1l1l!\~\11 : I If fIlii 1 I 1 1 I I r 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I :-++-1 I 1 I . I I --'I I I ! I I 1 1 I 1[ II 1 1 II !---r I.. . I .... .I j I I . .../) ... 1 I I . "'in I I I ..I' I I"'L...1 1 L________j____l ---r--I r L.._ -l. I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 I . 40 t5 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 30 25 Distance from quenched end 20 = mm 35 45 50 © 58! 1995 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . . .... . ~-- 1 ?c! .! 1 '-I 1 vi tl'J . t 'b..-r ... 1\1 I .... 1 f ]".... I 1'4::::: I . .. ..! ! .. .. .i." I .I.. ..n.. t. . . L r" ru ~n I JV' . _j__ j ... .. ..1 1 I . III is 3 " 5 .... .... I 60 i I . .J. ~V[ ... T . T L .:II. -'----'1 1 ... . . I I I ! tIl I I I 1 1 . . I ... I I .~h ru .. . 1111 .. . . t ._L__)_ r f'-. J 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 C L _l_____j I. 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I !. I I ''tJ 1 .. A == 1624669 0535276 410 __ BS970 Part I 1996 A. . I . I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 J I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I I r 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I .. I 1 .1 1 r 1 T r I 1 1 I .. r-. II ... I J I 1 1 1""'-1 1 1'-' I I . . I I 1 !I I ! ! ! !! ! 4-H r I I T 1 TIT r II I 1 I II . J ..... .~ .. 1 I 1 r 1 T~ I 1 1 I 1 I I I I .Annex BSI BS*970: PART*1 96 .. ... .1 I 1 I 1 1 ..IIIIII...r. . I ! t-t+-+ 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I Iii I I~IIIII : .IIII:II::II: :I::.::: ::::::I::I:: 1 I ! ! I 1 I I ! I . 1 i 1. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . I .. ... 1 T ... .__ 1 ... ._ I vi ~ 35:. 1 I ..."-.1.. _. .e LJ 401 t I I I . I I I r 1 r 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 . _.

.-------T I 1 Iill I 1 II 1 I1 I1 1 Til I I 1 1 I 1 I I 11I i 1 I Pt. I' 45. I.. .... . I ~~ 351 c u I I i ~ -e- ).L .... . ! ~ +- I 1 r I . .'----. L_ _l I I I r 1 . I J I I I I I I I . . 1 LL !Il t 1\ I I 1'"1.. I I I II I I I I I 13 15 Distance from quenched end ...-r '''' I .::. . LJ45~rl QJ ..UI o I l" I \ I 1 >J l. 1 1 1 L__l_____l___l__ I i I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I . ..l...J. I L__l_____l____l___L_Lj I I i IIIIIII 1 I I t±r~._. ...... I - . 1 1 1 I I .. 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I . . iii.fl JV 36 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 .. I I I I 1 I I I .mm 20 25 II 1LL . T I I I I f\J I 1 1'\.. " LV I I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 III 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I .. j 1 .. I I Ii-I 1 1 : .t II I11 I! 1I1I Till ii T I I I I I .. I 1 I r LLl IIr I1I I I I III I I I I I 1 1 1 L '1 .! 1 i I 1 I I "- I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I . 1++ I I I I ..BSI BS*970: PART~l 96 Part 1 : 1996 == 1624669 0535277 357 ..-..I \ II I lJ .. I..J I k I I I J! I '\1 I ... I ' I . I f I I I tI II I !! 1 . I 251 I 1.. 1 I iii Iii 1. I I ! I III I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I J I 1 I I I \ \I• 1 '\ :~ : : I' I I . .. I 1 I 1 I I I .... ... I L I 1 1 I . 1 .... 1 . .. t F~.. I .lii: ~ i i i''_ i i 1 1 1 I I I • _ I u!. 1I 40 --'- ... I I I I I ul 1 I I I IIIII1I111 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I r I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1+ till 1 I I I 1 1 1 .-I I I'i I .YT. I I I I I I I 1 I " I" i... r LL II 1 1 1 1 1 1 ..: ~ 4U! .. i -tAl I I I'J ~ I ! I 'I.. ..1 I I" I I I \! I I I I'{ 1 I 1 I . 1 I 1I I I I 1 I I 1 I 1 i 1+1 --.--. I . i. I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 Tl. L ..J.J. en )U . I. nOEl!"! I I 1 1 I 1 I J I 1 I I I J I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I .."'" 65~ 60 . _l___l_ 1 I t--'-. I 1 11+ III 1 i i iii iii i 1 I ~---l III I I I Ii.1 . I'~J t i 1111 I 11 'l'I'l4:..... ... ... I I I I 1"' 1 1 I ! I i__l II I i 15 3 ..._I_~u [ 651 OIJ ".... ... I I 1 1 I .... T T I . \ 30: I I \... t: I I :. ._ r\Jh.... I 'J 1 T I I I ..1 I I l__lI li--t4-LJI 1"'=""I-x:-J.1_ i I t iii iiI II I I I I I ' I I I I I I I 1 1\ 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I I L________l_ 1 I 1 ____l___l__l 1 I II t. l_l_ II . I 45 50 l"'\. I. I I I I I I I I I 1 1 L ILl I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 ILL I I _l_ I 1-+--1 ~ :l~1 . . I til 1 1 1 1 L 1 III I I' .. 1 I I 1 I 1 I I -..L __ ro C1J50jj TTT-l-T T r 1 I I I 1 I I ... I 1 . 1 .. I 1 I I 1 1 I I L 1 I I I I1 ....5 3 5 7 III I'\. ....... 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I 1 1 j I I I 1 1 1 1 .. T ... +. Annex A 1\. . I II Iii 1 I 1 i I +tl till 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 1 till 1 1 1 I Iii i III iii I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I 1 I _liJ 1 1 I '15L_______1_ rr -r- I L T- r 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1I 1 1 1 I IlL I L .... I 1 I'J I I I . .... I 1=0 I-t-t+ ..... \' 1 ~I r I J'vi I I I 1 -l 1. ... I . '" I I . 1 .. I ..j_ I It I I I ..&.. 9 11 13 15 II I1IIIII1 35 30 Distance from quenched end ... 0 '-n _ _'f.mm 25 30 "" JJ I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 I I 40 L. . -11 ii---. .II I11 1 1 I 11 ... I ._ "1 _I_~ •• 1 U L!t:~I. . T I I T I L I 1 I I I I I I I i I 1 ill 1 T r I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I . 1"1 I I I I 1 I ..1 I IIII: I I 1 I ---'-T -II 1 1 I l' -l. . . I I I I I 111 .)I'-.. +t . 1. 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I ! U III \..:. I . L ['I.....-.... ...

.. J I _j_ I 1 I I .. .. D. I I : ! 1 I iii iii 1 .1 1 1 1'0.II I I .i .. 65. . 'I I 1 I "\I _1 I ... L J 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I .t--i-H I I iii 1 1I I I I 751.. J I 1 I Ti . 1 I I 1 1 1 1 r T T _l 1 1 I 1 . ... I I . I 1 f. .. I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I___j_ . ..i ... I I 1 I I 1 .. 1 . ...' .oL I I I II II II .. i"""o.. 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 IJ 1 1 1 J . ...5 3 5 9 11 13 15 35 30 Distance from quenched end .i iii .. . ~jjw_1 ::.L I 1\ i I \J 1 I I I I'\. .! . 1 I I 1 ! 1 I I I I I I I 60 .. I . 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I ~____l_________lL .BSI BS~970: PART*1 96 == 1624669 0535278 293 . I I I I II I! 1 I I . 1 1 1 1 1 1 I.... .i i r I 1 I: I I ! IJIJIIII_l_____l__lL ILLI I II II I .. T~ 1 I I I f 1 I 1 1 ~1 ~" 1 . I .. I 1 I I .. " " .{. 4Ui-l Vl ' ~ . .. LV.....i . I.. . .' 1 . J . I . 1 I __'___I I 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 . . !4. I . I 1 I i 1 1 I I I 1 . .----.. .. I i I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 1 ... . I L 1 I I I . w a:: il.r I I I I ill . BS 970 1 VJ' I 1 1 1 II! 1 1 1 ! ~L t. J I: I I . 'I 1 Til 1 J ... T 1 I I . I II . .. .J: .::I 20 l--IT 25 40 45 50 © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . ...I ['".--. . I I 1 1 1 1 I 1"""-1 I . .... . 1 1 I .---. :u I I I I'll I I ~'k f-I 1 I I 1 I r I I -'-""_'_. .l I~ r -1 I I ?: j 1 . ! i ! I I I j I I 1: I :j: ! ! ! ! I' I' I' I' I' LLl___l___j_ LL L_l r-~ 1 I I I I I I I I III 1IIIII'I[!11 I I 1 I 1 I 1 I ! I I I I I I I +-+++-+-t +-t II I I 1 I I I I I ..J.I " . I"""I. I 1 I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I " I ~. f j I l___l_j "" i\1 1\1. 1 1 II I II .1 L~J I . 1 1 I I 1 1 liT I I 1 I I liT I I I I I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I I . . .. ! T I ..__! I--.. .(_ rr: T:JI lI I C!.. 1 I I ! 1 I I .{i 1 vv.J I [ . . r-r.. .------. J ....-----.mm .. I: I !."---. I . 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 liT T r I r ill Ti .. I . I LJr-1 i 'iti. . .+ .I I I 1 1 . . ... ! ! ! I + ~HI + . 1 I J j j : 1 I j .r:' I /.I 1 1 I 1 1 ____l______j_ 'T" 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I l_" Iii L I r ill I 1 I I 1 :. 1 1 . . I . 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 ro .... ... . 1 . I I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I I v) W4:.. 1 I I . I .. . . !I I I I I +I ... : r 1 I 1 _1j_J T-rl 1_1 T -. 1 1 r'. ...I ... I I .i 55: 501 . !.. ... I I : . .. . I'{ ro .... .. I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I . I . I ! 1 1 T---. ..l . . 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 r I J I I I I I I 1 I I 1 !! I . I I . ITT r A~1~ 10 708H20 r. I I I I 1 iii II! I Iii' . i i \. ... 1 . ''-I . . .i . . I '" I I . 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I .. . j r" . I I 30' ~r: ( .. II I 1'-+ Ii " II iii I I . H-H ! i I I I +n-f ~+ I I I I ... . .l I I I I I I I 1 .I 1 'il I I'l 1 II l'Ir.I II IIII !!!!!!!i !!i ! I I I I I I I IIII +-t-t--l I IIII:II::1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 .. 1 'r I I II .. 1 1 I I . ! ~30LLl ... I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I j . I I . 1 1 I I I T I -c . I I 1 I I I'\. . T---' ... t-I... 1 1 1 I I . 1... ... ... o II. Irrl--l__r ...I _J I 1=44J±1 t. I 1 1 I I I .1 1 1 ?~ L__l_[--j .1 ~'~I ~J___l______l__j_J I I "'}-.. ..

. I I r I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 .. 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 tl) 1 I 1 1 ...... I 1 .I~I~I-J'-JI-JI-jI-jI~I~.1 jV!---+-----: t--+ I\J I I 1'-1 I I ! r.' I ! I II TiT L 1 I L I !-+ I I 1I 1 .mm 30 40 45 50 38 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..l 1'-1 1 I ..!~l'~!'~~:~~I~~'~-'!I~~~I!:T!I~'-!I~ITI~~T~~I~r~~~!=!:!:I=I=~~I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 "-I I II 1 III I I 1 1 II 1 1 I~: I I 1 1 1 I I I I 111 I I ......1.I c.1 I I '\.. I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I r 1 I .-------...l . . I I I J II T 1 .x: .:._ --.. .JI_JI[lIf:'[:[:[:II_jI~~'~1=11~1~1~1~.-1 1 I 1 1 I -r- I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 ..L 1 I I III 1 1 1 I T ..11 805H17 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 Iii I I I 1 1 I L 1 1 1 1 1 1 T I 1 T 1 1 1 I T I I L _ _j_ I I I L 1 I I 1 1 ! I T I I I 1 ! I I 1 I 1 I I I I _L______l________ I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I r I r 1 I 1 I I I r I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I : 1 I I III 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 -1 I I I I I---'--l 1 I I 1 I I I I L I I I I I 1 L_I I 1 I 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 I 1 1 r I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I 6U u TIT 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 T--T 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I T I 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I I .: 25: 20 ~ 1 . I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I L --'----' II!~ I 1 1 1 I I I ill I I 1 I . : I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I ! 1 1 1 1 . I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I .". T I 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I L I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I L I ~ 50.1.___: : : I I I I I ~1~j'~~~j'~~!'~'~J'I~~.l I I I II I I 1 I 1 I I II' I I I 1 I III I 1 I t _j_ U ~ 30: C '- II tt I I 1 1 I 11 1 I I 1 I I 11111 I I I 111'1 I I I I I 1 I III 1 I I I I I 1 I I J 1 r I 1 1"-1 1 I 1 1 : '\ I'{ L t~j__J·!lI~I!JI~II-'[...l I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 ----'--""'_'_l I 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 1~------'-I~TT"I'111111111111111111111111111111 1. 1 I 1 L I 1 III 1 I 1 T I I 1 1 1 1 T I fTTl!1 I 1 1I 1 I 1 I I I I I I .. 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 45 1"- II lSI 1'- '" I" I I I L--'1 I I ~ IIIIII L__L__j___J_ I T1 1 r 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 .I[_II_[I~I.II'iI~I~I-JI!..J 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I . II:: :: 1 1 1 ri=J i I l""'-l 1 1 I 1 I I l"""oo. I I I I I'll 1 I1111 1 r"'"o. I 1 : I : 1 1 I I I I 1 -. I 1 1 1_ 1 1 I I I ~-T I I I I I I I ..! ! !! }.5 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Dis tance 20 from quenched 25 end .J 4UI o : I "J 1 I ~ I 1\: ).. Il'\.i.1 1I !! .... 1 II I I I I . I __l__\ II\.!! 50 It! \.rnrn 30 35 40 45 50 1 60 CC IY FfTTrTT II t-----T I I t-+++: I I I II1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I L I I I I 1 I I I I .. _.....l 1 . I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 : : I I --1I I rI I : I 1 I _l__ I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 II I I 1 T I I 1 I I I 1 L 1 I 1 II I I I I 1 J 1 l_l_ !! 1I I I I I 1 I I 20 5 7 9 i ! I 11 13 15 I I iTT-or ! 1 I 1 TTl I I I 1 I 1 .I~I~I~I~I~I~I~I~' Il\.1 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I .BSI BS*970i PART*1 9b . r" 1 I I 1'\1 1 I"\.. ~ \. I I I I I 1 T 1 1 ."'J VI QJ "JL.. .J I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I\. ~.... I 1 1 1 L I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 ... 1 I I 1 1 1 I I .1 ._ 1 1 I III 1 1 1 1 I I III III I I I I -1-.J 1 I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I : 1 1 I ~ I I 1 ~ 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I ! I I I 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 -. rv I III I 1 T 1 1 T I I I 1 1 r I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 III 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i-+-+-+: :I: I L _j__ : I I 1 I 1 1 "r TT I 1'\.1..-.. I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 TTl 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I r I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I a:: S5 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 I I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I _]J I 1 I I I I I 1..!! :I'~I:: I : I~~J 1 1 ! ! \J ! ! ! ! ! ! 1 r\ I 1 I 1"-' III. 1624669 0535279 12T BS 970 == Annex A F~-rt1 : 1996 . 1 I 1 I 1 Distance 20 from 25 qu~ncnea end . 1 I '" 1 1 I _L_l_____l_ L:fTi i I I I: I ::I _l__l______l_j I T------' 1 1 IIII IIII T 1 I I ~ 351 ! ~1 :!i:.. III 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 JJ I I \I \I I I'l.l~!:!:~~I~~r-w~. 1 !. I 1 1 .

.: 1 I I I I I - t I 1 1 1 I 1 1 III 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I [ I I I I I I I I I +.1. I J 1 I L 1 I _l_ I 1 J I I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I _I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 i I I I a: ::c ro u 55: I I I I I I I r 1 1 t--+--.mm 30 40 45 50 © BSI 1996 39 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..mm 40 45 50 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 J 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I . Il'\. 1 1 1 I I III I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I III 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I III 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I ... I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I -.__. 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I J I l---. I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I ..1 I 1 I 1 I I 1""""-- 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 J I 1 1 I J 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 ..l I I I 1 I 1 1 I . I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I U <:> 4U. I 1'-' I'" I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I .. w ~ 1 I rT+~l--1 I I I I I I I I I I I J .... I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 T-T I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I 1""'- 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I _j__'\.. I I J I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 I 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I T 1 1 I I I 1 ..l. I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I""""_ 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 I ._ 1 I ""-' III III III I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I1111 I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 III I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 r 1 1 1 'r T -T 1 1 1 I I I I I I I ~----r-. 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 I .._ : : : : : : : ~ : : : ~ : 1.:.::! L I I I 1 1 1 1\ I I 1 I 1\ 1 I" -.. 1 """ 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I I I _l_ ___j___ I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I T I I .. 1 I 1 .... 1 I I T-'- I I 1 I I I . I """ I I Jrt.. I J I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 j_ 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I l I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 til I I I 1 I I r 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 r 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I liT I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I L__l_ _j___j____l_ I I ..I +....1 1 1 I 1 I ~ _: ~ ~ ~ I :::: I I 1 1 ~ 1 I : I I I : .Annex A BSI 96 == 1624bb9 053528D 941 == BS 970 Part 1 1996 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 I lit I I I 1 j__l_ 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l_ I I L I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I liT I I 1 I II! I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1" 1 1 I I I I I ... I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I III 1 1 1 1 1 1 I r 1 1 1 1 T_j__ I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I III III III 1 I I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I II I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I r 1 1 T I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I l_ I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I a: ::c w Vl U 55 1 1 I I I I I I I i I I I I I 1 I I I + I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I r 1 I I { 1 I +-+-+++---1 I I QJ50 I __ r L-_j I I 1 L 1 L 1 L I ~ 1 L L _l________l_ j_ j___ j_ IIIIII I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ..5 3 A. I ~ 50: I u I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I c: ~o c ~L.. 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 I I 1 _l 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 _j__ r 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I L_I IIIIII 1 I 1 I I I I 1 - ~ ~O~I==l=~I~I~I~~~tl=tI=lI~~I~I~fl=t~~I=lI~I.I 15 3 -t ( 9 11 13 1~ Ulsrance 20 I I ")L LJ 1 Trom quencnea end . -4. I I I 1 I 1 1 II 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I J 1 I I I "I I I I J 1 1 I I I . I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I T I I 1 1 I I I I I III liT I I I I I '" I'\.. I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I ~ . I I---.- I------+---+-t 1 I r--.-.+-+---t -~ -t 1 1 J I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I r 1 1 1 ITT 1 "r 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 III I I ..----. I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I 1 II I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 r 1 I r I I II r 1 1 1r 1 1 I r 1 1 lilT 1 r----'----'-T 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I" I.&. I 1 ~ III I 1 I I J 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I II 1 I I 1 I II I I 25: 20 t ~ _j_ : : : : : :'~: 1 I Til I 1 I I 1 '-I I 1 I 1 I :::: ~ _:_~ : :::::: 1 I I I 1 ' .. I 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I "I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I .tl-tI-tI-tI-t~~II"l~~~I~I~~I~t' r I I I 1 I 1 I jtl~I~I~I~llllllltJl~tIJtI~I~I~I~I~I~I~ll~I~I~I~I~lil'~1 ____j_________j___j_ __ L I 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I : 1 I I I I 1 I I I~ 1 I 1 _~ ~ ____. 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I\_ I ~ 1'1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 "I 1 1 I I I 1 I I 1 ++-+. I I till I I liT I L 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 _j_ I .....:: • - 1 1 I I I I I 1..L 1 1 I I 1 I I I ..'\.l 1 1 " I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 f'\. 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I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I .l_ I I _1 I 1 _1 I I QJ Il'\....l 1 I lit I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1"-. I 1 I 1 1 1 _j___j________j_____ _l _ _j___j__Li !II ~ 35: b 1 1" Il\... I I I +----f 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 J 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I .l I .:lt:fl=tI=lI=lI=lI~=='E='~f'=t'=t'=l'=l'~'~'~'~~'=t'=l'=l'=l=l'~'=='~~'=t'=l'=l'~'~'~'~l I 11 I'" 1 I' I I I I I -- I I I 1'\.-------."'mmgImmmIm§lmmelEme I. I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I ~ I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 ""'-' 'in r-r'-VI -.. I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 _L I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 I I ___I_ 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 L I I I 1 1 1 1 _j_ I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I II! I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I r I .. I I 1 1 1 1 I I I r I TIT 1 I 1 I -T I I I~-~ I : : : : : : : : 1 : I ~J::lI:lI~I~tl-tI~~~jl~I~I~If.

..1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 -. I I I I I I I I ro~n~I::t:~I~I::'~~I=tI=tI:tI~I~I~I~~I:t~~I~I~I~::~I=tI=tI:tI:t'~I~1~1~~I=tI=t:tI~I~I~I~I~~I=tI:tI~I~I~I~I::I~~I=tI=tI=tI :lU .. I I T I I r I I t I I I I .. ·w~_· C 35~'~I==t=:3I:3I::'E=tl=tI=tI=~t=il~'~'~~'=E'=t'=t'=l:3==~'=E'=t'=t'=l':3=31~IE=tl=EI=t=lI=lI:3I=3I~IE=tl=tI=tI=lI=lI=lI:3I==IE=tl=EI=tI=tI=tI=lI=l':31 I I I I I I I""""_ I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I ... W I I 1'1 "'tr.. 1 I ~ I I 1 1 f-+-1 I I I a: ::t: u 55: r- ! 1 ~j==jI=jI=jI~!I=!I=!I=!I=!I=jI=jI=:!I=!I=!I=!I=!I=j=:I~I!.---..-----... 1 1 1 r r J I 1 I I I 111~lllllllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllll ~ ~ 4~~I==t=:j':j... J\.V ~~~~.15 815H17 65: 60 ! I I ~~'l'l'l'lt'!=!=!=!:!:!:l!l!:!-i'l'l~~~~~~~l.l..=±I=t':j~I~'t=tl=tI=t=tI=i'~I~I~I~tl=tI=tI=tI=lI=lI~I~I~tl=tI=tI=tI=tI=tI=l'~1 -+ _++-++-+ ~-k±f...l.tj~E=~t:t'~I~':j~.l_ I I 1 t L I I I _j_ I I I f". I-"""_' I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I .:.=t.J 1 I I I r-._ 1 I I 1 1 1"-' I I I i"""'o... 1996 PART*1 96 == 1b246b9 0535281 888 II ... I I I I I I I I .r .1.. I I I I I I I I I I I 1_j__l_ I 1 ...--r'l'l~r'lr~I!.5 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 ursrence 20 rrorn quencneC! 2~ .._t I I 1 I t I I I 1 I I I I 1 r I '--"'___I I I I I I I I L ---r 1.5 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Distance 20 from quenched 25 end . I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I _l_ I I I I I I L...B8970 BSI BS*970.......... 1 1 I I I I 1 .------.t=tl=tI=tI=±'=jI:j.~.!I=!I=!I=!I=!I=jI=jI=jI!=!I=!I=!I=!I ::::::::: : : : : :: :::::::::: ::::::::::::::::::::: I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1II1I111 I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1III I' I 1 111111111111111111111 I I r--+---+IIIIIIIIIII -~ ~lvl~I==t:~~~~~t:t:t:+=~~=t=t=t=+=+~==~~~t:t:+=~~=t=t=t=+=+~~~::~~t:+=+=+=+=~=t=t=t 1 . I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I--.. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I i I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I J I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I 1 I I i I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I . I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I _j_____j_ _ _j__ __j_ __l_______l________ 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 60 ~: : : : : : : : .~.... ~ . ...Jr.... I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 I 1 I I I ._ I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 III I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I I L I I I I I _f_ I 1 1 I .. 1 I I I I I 1 I I I--""__I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I r I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ : ~ ~~-~_ I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I r I I I I I ~ I ~---. 1 I I 1 I . I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I""""_ I TIT I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I f"""oo.1.--. I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ..t=t.".. T I 1 I 1 I I 1 I I r I I I I I I I I I I I I I I +r I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I Til I I I I I I I I III I I I I J I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Vl I L _l_ LJ I CI I+Ji ..! ....1..:: . I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I j I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I . 1 I I I -1 I r-----r I I r I I I T=r=r===r==T I I I I "r r I I I I I I T t I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ..==. eno . I I .~t'~'~.. . 30 mm 3~ 40 45 50 40 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 .....~'~~~t'~~t:t:i.iI I I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1I 1 I t I I re 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I c/) .. 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I . rr I I I I I .~'~..I I r I r I I r r I I I I I I I I I .I.._ 1 I I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I i I I 1 I I I I I 25 "ill L...Jr~r~I~!I'II'l l-------lI I I I I I l_ _l_ I L ___l_________l_ I I :::::::::::::: I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 'r I I 1 I 1 I :: I I I : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :: I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I ::::::::: I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r--t-H I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I TTl 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 ( I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I _l I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I J I I 1 I I I I I T I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I .. 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I ..18832H13 .._ ii! ! ":>1 r- i "{\I LV' . ! I I I I I I"""""""_ I I I I I I I I I I I I f I I I I I I I I I I I I .. . ..i _j 40 50 1\'....! I I r III _L _ _L_l____l_ _1 I III +.. I 1""""-1 I I I I I I I I I ~ rc -r- 30~ I I ""1~ i'-J i I -t l1-ocb..~rd.. j . I I I I I I . 1 I I I I J I I I I I I I I I ... I I I ..-----r--. . I I i j . I I I I I I I I ...---. I I ii I I I I 15 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Distance 20 from quenched 25 .. 651 .:++ I I III !!! I ! .C' HI i ii 1 rrr I I I I I I I I I I I IIIII I I I I I I I I II !!!!! IIIII I I I j j Ij I I I . .:• _I U J o III QJ L .._l__ 11I I I !it-'-NT"'I I I I i I I 1 i 1____1_ 1 I I I I I I .mm 40 45 50 (0 BSI i996 41 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .17822H17 r 651 L____L I I 60 r-r- ii i i I IIII! . I I I I 4U: I !r . I .. I j__l__1 __ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I .-----r I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Iii !i I I I I I N4.i I ! • . .--... 35 T .. .. . 1 .11+++-1 ! ! ! ! I I . I . J ... I I I Ij t--tt -rr-t-I-±+-ll: I !! I I I I I I I I I I I 1TH=i-1 rrHr .. I I I I I I I . .. J I I I I _L_L ! II II .e . ! I . I .. ! I I I I I I I I ~ 4U. I I I . I I I I I I I I I I I I I I .__ J I : I I I I I . I III !!I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II Ii T I I I I I I I I I I I 1"'- I i I I Iii 4-.. !!I I I.:.. I__L' __ . i.... : I I : I I I _. ! 1 I _1 . L ! I . I I r I I r-T-~~ ~+-=ll_1 I I [ I I ITT T 't 1 T --1 - ~ 30( . . T I I I . I I I I T I I I I I I I I _l_ I I L I I I I I I I I I I . ._. 1 . ..1. . .. I I I i I I I i II !i T I Ii I 1--+ +=-k. end . j I I . I I . ! I ! I I II r .. . .I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L . I T-rI I I . ~=r-I .... -+--i'-i'i--f-' I : !_ll _L : : : r 20 _1 i I Ii! _l _ _l __L : : : : I ...1.. .. " JV .. ~ SO W I.I t---+~{_-. I I I I I I I I IT I I ..... I . I r--T" " I". . I r +_Ll . I I 60\ .J'.. I I I r r r r I I I I I I I ! I I ! j+-t I j_ . 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r r I r r QJ 50 '-' If) rv U/_t:1 .. I • iT I I Ll i ! ! J r fT! I I 11111 _l____L I I j_ _l_ I I I I I I I 1I ~-d.. BS*970: Annex A ~AKI*l 9b II 1b24669 0535282 714 II BS 970 A. I .. I I I _[ I I I .L F. ...1 ...J f"-'. 1 I I IrJTTTITTTTT- _l __ I I I I I I J I I .Ji_s.. I I I I I I I f-. I PM +-=±r-J..... I IIII r I I I I I I I I I j+-tuj ... t----t . I .... ... <> a:: . I ... IIi !ii .. I I .+-+ {-~--+-++ I ... I 1 I I I I .... .-.. I I I I I I I I I I 1 I .. . I I r" ... j . I I .. ...+-++ i 1-+ iIIIII! I I I i j1 I r I I I J i ..--. I I 1 I I I I I I I r I r I .l. I r _j_ T t I .._..-.i ..-._ . I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I TIT tI ... I . I I I I r ~: ~ I I I I I I .. .. ! j I L_l _ _l .mm 30 3S tti iii II . .J: I iii Ii ! i ! "r I . I I .. . .. T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . I . _l______l_ I I I I I . I I 1111 -r . I . SSI. I I I I L_ L ::::::::.r I I I I I I I I ! I . I s C!J L_l I 1 I I _L ... ...JI . .... 35: I I .::.1... I I : I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 15 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Distance 20 from quenched 25 end ...I .L I i r I l iIi Iii t-=-i-.i.. I I I I I I 1_ ..i ..

...--.J t-t t-t-i I I I I I I I T I I I I I I I I I i I I I I I 1 I I I I I --...__ iii i IIII I I I I I I I I I II ! T-1 1.J I I I I I I Ef'"'3i".--r I I I11 I r r I r I I iii iii I T I I I I I I I I r I • I I I I I I I iii I I ) iii I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I __l________j I I I I I I I I I ZO~ I I 1.. . I I I I I I I I I I I I l . I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I1I1I111I I 1 I I I I I I iii I I I I r I I I I IIII ~I I I I I I I I I I! ! i ! III I Ly __ I I I I ~ J=llL1 I I ill I I I I I I I I I Iii i i I 1 I I 1 I 1 I J I i I 111 If...5 :3 5 7 9 il 13 15 ">1'\ Distance LV from quenched 25 e-nd 30 = mm 35 40 4s . n I oJ" 42 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 . !! -. I I I l_ I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 .1 iii iii II TIl I I I I1 I I I I I I I I I II I ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! TI I I T I I !!!!!I!I!I! I I I I I I I I I I I I I IIIIIIIII.. I III I I I I I I II I !! ! !II1 --.--r-l J I.tiS 970 Part 1 : 1996 BSI ___ o_r"I"" _ !j~~J(Ui PART*1 96 =- 1b24b69 0535283 b50 == I I I I •• I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 65..i..I !'t'! _..J.--.+:q r ... I 1L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I L j___J__L__l__j_j__J I IT I I I I rr11 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I rr I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I l_ I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I T 1 I I I I I I I I I I I T I I J I I J I I u 551 I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I -'-. ! I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L_l_ I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I ..n ou i I I J ~ r I I •• I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 i I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L T.._ j_ r: I r"l I 1. il:i 1 ! ! I II ! I II I III I I I I I I I 'H"-4-.-.--'----'----'-I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I 11I1I I I I Q.

.1. r.l... Rimmed steels are normally restricted to a carbon conterlt of less tl-lan 0.. Deoxidants are only added to these steels to control the :rir!lrnirlg action..l._A nnex 11 . "'. Killed steels ca. B.. Generally silicon killed steel shall contain 0.. • . l In these cases.1.. ~ ~ ~ .:illed steel Killed steel can be provided over the whole carbon range.stabilized steel is usually an aluminium killed steel with sufficient aluminium to give minimal strain-ageing properties in the final product.10 9h to 0.nd if fine grairled steel is requrreu. . l practices.pplication rl.2 l''. B~2 Alloy steel Alloy steels arc required to be killed and the silicon conterLt shall be witl-lin the range 0. 8SI BS*970i PART*1 96 II 1624669 O~35284 597 == BS 970 Part 1 Annex B Deoxidarion of steel (exluding st~irtless wTp..3 Semi-killed or balanced steel Semi-killed or balanced steels are generally only made in carbon ranges below 0. .lw\ ~.1. rimmed steel structure..10 % to U.and to a manganese requirements on the order.CUllITL •• . see .00 ?/~.1 Genera! in a variety of ways a. Steel for forgings and drop forgings are required to be killed.4 Rimmed steel content of less than 0.1aybe less stringent than for killed steers.25 ?-6. ·1.50 9{. .. degassirlg arld treatrnent witll arunuruum.where the a..... _ . l ... ~UIIICIent ceoxmants are added to pre·v·ent the formation of a.... but their use is not general. Elements other than aluminium can be used to obtain these properties.~ • ...nd certain features affect the ingot structure and relative uniformity of composition. H. © BSI 1996 43 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . . B.70 :Yo.40 % silicon a.. can De usee wnen tne carbon content is less than 0.. other deoxidation e. comomeu siucon ana arunuruum deoxidation is generally used..l Carbon steel D ..l...A. . The method of deoxidation is of particular iInpoltance in this respect and this shouid be recognized when considering the application of carbon steels~ There are three fundamental conditions of supply which arc available within the following broad limits and the purchaser should state his Carbon steel is manufactured n.:..g.n a.! "-"'LI __ ..lso be supplied with lovver silicon contents.. .50 %_ Va..

....J" (.--""_""..'H..... oj-'equivtJ_. .j....-. London BS 131 BS 131 : Part 1 1986 BS 427 ..t.-.... ~ ".......j....ton QT VtCKers f'1...'..L_.la11titytoleromces for steel drop '-':i'i.. .t-ion...~ jfJI Jt'11 fJUA-.un.""'. £.J~' fi-"i" 'U'iJ....~ JfJr .-..\:. It:::fl f..t.IL_J "":I:-ru AA'l7 I ..-..""'. ...!~) Part 2 19913) 1995 1 £). oeuuon c...... 'll"T"" v~c....ethod (V...o:::..-.--.. A·.-H .....h • "'II Ie" M r _ _'" '_=..(.....() .I ..{. of the qrain..:tUl{·JUT C'f .1 ..'j'ica.... ~~ ..pt fi-"i'~I-"ri'i. "'" ..._(..j... .....l.._....1":--..!..~.. .. eruiu« ._. JU! !~J/r:.....RJy..rd11ess test (lfockloell metli. U_....I1.v'-''-'" _. ".-/<rJp. . • ...~1.:! t__I{Jfl.. tor . .UVI 10Q7 Method for determinir~ (Jominy test) ~ ... H_'(. hIJ'i".1_J ... .J.. -#"' . .0 DO .I_..~ ...-. -In. "_.~ .".. . verlJ~ca"{.-..~..."'"."A ." .l_.1iJV~_) ~...".l\J{DS INSTITUTIUN..InUl-t'iIl_/(_.fJ J .~ 'l'(_. 1 c .-Vi'i../I"'".'1 H'1e. OJ suuruess steets /0 • "" • 'I unalloyed qual'ity steels sheet/plate a'flu scrip JUT Techn·'ica....'-' "'"..... :t ..~....--...... Jfft "'.! !it..""...If._... 'L' .. ue: _J_....:tvpl U_.steel lv!ethod . .£' UJ ."_' .-.."_.djor VeT1.sulphuric a. rods and sectiop.rJ lJ'1t'iU(_.. .."U1A 2 C'I __ ..'tC "ntu.r7Joses co'nu'it'ion..fIII...:n!}:-s 1'vlethodjor the estimation... ·~~1 1f:5Gft.p...t5lnl-Jt/f l)_..__.....(_)(_j/ .... '---1f..~h"'''np!~ ~'J'J~~'~<::? "~~~J'~~'~~'J on 1 V 1llethiJd"sjbr ha.. - !--. r_..::....Lr> .:-.r~.(." J....... ~'~~. -I....c'id (ifteti'"tod {1t'lU1WY1_)tH('ny rll"....t:I"~ M"/."'..t'i'~~1 ({i{.. ". ·!!M_{. '~'~'''J'J tp .:)f?J OQ LJU honn v""'vv BS 6200 T)C'O ni:) o~vv l~qnn U"'"tJ\J £"..--.""' f_}(.s .........\...A ...~ -#. size OJ..LHJH o .....J8jor T'..'Cers narapvf3SS lesr anaJor 'I " •• ..U..........-': ""'.:...lJy.I:i ? _Il.· . "'" .f_. +~""'"". JV'fy'l.l delfi'very p·U...... ~'VV anr].fl.__"t_y U_A_)_.~. ..s Ior qeneral purposes 3) Referred to in the foreword only © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ... .t. . ""£._. ·I_'''_~H' hardmess testinq machines 1990 .l " •• ~.t!J D ........ U"". .. ....tion q{ resista'nce to inter granular corrosion Qf f u'usten:itic staInless steels: copper su. 'M"'·' f........n..+ 1__.......-I-".f::Cl...od) tiS 4114 1967 hardness testinq macnines (Rockioell method) Specification for dimept. • _.-..! D~ IVotched bar tests 1961 15/>-#£...f.._..l....:..-. . ...[j_\.f.·I_'"l·f__I1t.[...:"IJ'i'i..-..-J -1-£.. " ...... 'Y¥J."-#l.: .1 0:10 l()'Ol)..-.~.£ __ .. ......f::::f:5l-:) ~. Ufj·' (. l~ Last Technical delivery conditioTf...... It't10 i nn.sio11S qf metallic f .. J..fJI_Jt_..... steel and other ferrous metals Sampiinq and sample preparation 111(').L! ___ Samplir~ and anaiusis qf iron.r..'f(_!j . .vv Dn ...(....() 1 ~"_I ·"71... 4: 2 3 ------ BS 970 "'11""...J ._J .. ...::.ryU-.... ../Uf:::."'.lpltate...~" .L' u·[tIJY " .J..!lA5·~ BS 4490 BS 5903 1989 1980 Methodsfor microqraphic determination.. h'-"i"..I_. BS 6722 : 1986 BS E~~ 10002 BS Et~ 10002 BS E~J 10045 JjL.-. Ci...--: ...!.-rH. 'l ~«~ .. tJV~ / 1........1.:..(/Ud t' Part 1 1990 Charpy impact test on metallic materials Test m.::. -#F>"-'-# IVlf:J~J'I_Jvu' JtJ1 1 ~1 FfI.l.:t Oo:l..-·"v .._. -1-.. .. • and ""' ..f_.. (.j.lent diameters rn the heat BS El~ 100833) BS Et~ 10083 BS El'-....ry ...-.:.-~~-#l t_A:~.j.Y'-..._.. ~ C ~ 1 '!ViJ\J innn lIlf""'+h .. PC: h0f'UI '-'u v. ...f.BSI 8S~970..j..1enched·ana tempered steels Part 1 l... _.... .lJ(__.. .: ~ y'(_...."' • ..U_.....F>I' " LJ-."......-""-....g BS 4670 HS 5046 1971 1974 0jJr::C·1J '{.J_lf5C't-tu·. • ..-...~ ~ ._Jt:::L.. .'......>II / l.or dimep.{}.le'!l~'u-eU~:S£.J !... V! ell...._ u"-- ...and Umotches) Informative Ll-"". n _t:... ~lA5f5t....n (_ ._ ...:t·U'!l . ...2 BS Er-~10088 3 treatment of steel ~n.....n!) ""''''"...__.~ ~ ....-I r' ~""'~J~'~~'~~~ '-YJ'i"P_"::':'_':::' f.J."".."' • . .( ...J""'n..~"'." ...II_A_A. t!..'t-ctu..- T'vfvthnd_.....Ifl. .1tA51 ._...... '....'t..ny~ .L' _ hardenabil'ity stee« ~ OJ'" steel by end quertChirr.........!.. t-'At'\ • - "" I "'.(..._")I__......J"..-.Sio'Pual and (J1t. _t.. r1 -1:--'""..CUi._ .... ..i.-J'i'Y/.f_.L_)~.uu.. lYlernoaJor . ·_1_ rneu.''''In'''· .tf.".-/P .... c'+..~tJ {... ~l~ 10045 Methods of analsfsis Reccnnmendatiop.. .1 ...J ..J 10083 BS EI'-J 10088-1 BS El~ 10088.[./-" f_!J + .f.... ·'d _r... !.. fVn""... ·~1 .....j. F--art 1 LISl: 01 reIerenCes iii l'~ormative BS! Publications BHITISH STAND...-.£_....-.........." ....s for qeneral 1995 Tecnnical aet~very condiiions for semi-finished products....f.......L materials rerr I) ..1.~ n"..'VI-# f_A.. ... ~.._".i'i'iII........."'.'(_.""''-' "' ...f(_.' _ . 1.....: ....-."'"" . ..or deterrni'P.(./j"""AfV>.J .. • . bars. "vr~~~J~'~"'''0:7'_' 'Yi'iI'. .lJf_}t'i~ .. 1 i-art ."" ·"(An ! Ll . J.....'t·fly f"n ... h...

Contract requirements • . • BSI is the independent national body respon.... in the TTTT un. ..:6. the Standardline Database. 1 ~ "-J!U.. Revisions r British Standards are updated by amendment or revision. £\1 01 f\r. 11 11 T.. Membership at r'11_. Copyright Copyright subsists in all BSI publications..JI... • ... BS! also holds the copyright....._ .. Information on standards BSI provides a wide range of information on national..1'..:... 1.' . to mciune all tne necessary • ••.!.:)l orrers memoers an InUIVIGUal upaatmg service Callen t"LU~ wrucn ensures that subscribers automatically receive the latest editions of standards.without prior written permission from BSt voo _ ...... TTT. European and international standards through its Library... BSI.BSI BS*970: PART*1 96 -= 1b24669 0535286 36T == 970 !-~rt 1: nrl"LISn ____....!(_J!l I 'l. ~s: ... the identity of which can be found on the inside front cover... .... t.. _ •• 'L. Tel: 0181 9969000.-l~T..._ ...~~rvJ .. It is the constant Buying st. ....~L~~_~ 1 ~. Fax: 01819967400 .. tne Liopyngnt.!.~_ . in the course of implementing the .rds Tel: 0181 996 7000...~ . should make sure that they possess the latest amendments or aim of BSI to improve the quality of our products and services....:~_ . photocopying... Designs and Patents Act 1988 no extract may system or transmitted in any form or by any means . ... _ ..\.!::... '-'" ...LB... t:herl t:h. _ .. rsntisn stancaro uoes not purport - 0. !~L ViO. 389 Chiswick High Road London W44AL If permission is granted...nl~hlrt-l rtf r"H:'I-·pt..::'..... it is BSI policy' to supply the 1 BSI implementation of those that ha.electronic..~ LJ! l. .zp . r or u 11 co.sible for preparing British etancaros.'t- !"a_x.!.'jW!t:K~ !_1_. . the terms may include royalty payments or a licensing agreement..... on stannams ill Europe ana at tne Vl€\V international level..... r... !'lild_ ..ndards unless othen\rise requested... It presents tn€ Uf<lIo.e prior written perrnissio!l of BSI must be obtained.J....!l~ .. •..J ...~liJo Jy ~.'j....' 1 .. Fax: 1 ... "'II otanaaras InstItutIon ...:..:1tJ1'J . T""O..~_. international ana foreign standards pUOllCatlOns ShOUIUDe addressed to Customer Services.....!:Ii1. _. _.: ana receive SllDSIaTIIlal iscounts on tne purcnase price or stanuarns . "'II "'II "II" . • .... .: . J ..f:THcH·!O!l(t! ~L(..: ... .....Ht.::.. ISB}~ 0 580 251209 ISE/31 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ....:~~ D __ .1...t.._ !!H ...... . It is incorporated by Royal Charter. _ designations. . \Ve would be grateful if anyqne finding an inaccuracy or ambiguity while using this British Standard would infonn the Secretary of the responsible technical committee... Jj. • ..Ql..!.L!(_JH>j L!l~ V1 . recording or othe!~'¥ise. ~ QVll''ilu-.~ f'L101 U.ve been published as British Sta.. .' _ Subscribing members of P~'3I re kept up to date with standards developments a details of these and other benefits contact Customer Services.... the BS! Information Technolo5i Service (SrI'S) and its Technical Help to Exporters Service..-·h .... . London W4 4AL. .-"ntJonr ur!:l... rn.. . Contact the Information Department at Chiswick: Tel: 0181 996 7111.O.. . TTrI .:..l. IVU~j T. .J... . Sales Department at Chiswick: standards. 0181 996 7048. r"Y Pro ... Fax: 0181 996 7001..:.J:::jXt. l_JlJl...... ...0 . _ ...IJlUJ!!I_:ct_..:t:VLtt+j • .£\f\1 (VV...... 0 • 11 .::. 1 6. ... __ _ permitted under be reproduced. Details and advice can be obtained from the Copyright I\lanager... . .:it....t!lUU!U!~(tl... 1...:.....£\f\O.. £"<I....:_ .()~ .. 389 Chiswick High Road.• provisions • • 01 a _ corttract~ Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct appnCatlon.. stored in a retrieval This does not preclude the free use. !. .J.J..~ t'~u ....rLL.:_ . .. Users of British Standards It'!'U!l-1U!l. In response to orders for international Orders for all BS!.::I1.. If these details are to be used for any other purpose than implementation DOT U~:l!.anrlH.l.

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