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(Lessons Learned From Chemical Mass Casualty Incidents)

- (Label) Placards
- (Transportation sheet)
- MSDS
-

Placard


1.
2.
(Secondary contamination)
3. Dose
- Concentration x Duration

4.

(Warning signs) , ,
(Boiling point) , (Freezing point)
(Vapor pressure)
(Water solubility)

(primary contamination):

(secondary contamination):





organophosphate
gas
phosphides

Vapor
Gases


1.
2.
3.
4.



specific antidote
,
,

Checklist
/ ......................
.........................
,,UN. Number ..............
..................
..........................
.................
Length of Exposure.
.....................


(Isolate Area Establish
Zones)

Hot Zone
Warm Zone
Cold Zone

Zoning for Hazmat Incidents

Level A
Level B
Level C
Level D

Personal Protective Equipment


(EPA Standards)

Level A Protection





Light, cotton clothing under
CPC
Positive pressure SCBA
Hard hat
Fully Encapsulating Suit
(including boots and gloves)
Gloves:
- Inner glove
- Chemical-resistant glove
attached to suit
Chemical-resistant boots with
steel toe and shank

Level B Protection




Light cotton clothing under
protective clothing
Chemical splash suit
Positive pressure SCBA
H a r d
h a t
G l o v e s :
I n n e r
g l o v e
- Chemical-resistant outer
g
l
o
v
e
Boots, chemical-resistant,
steel toe and shank

Level C Protection


air-purifying
respirators



Light, cotton clothing under
protective clothing
Chemical splash suit
Air-purifying respirator
Hard hat
Gloves:
- Inner glove
- Chemical-resistant outer
glove
Boots, chemical-resistant,
steel toe and shank

Level D Protection




Work clothes
Boots/shoes, leather or chemicalresistant, steel toe and shank
Hard hat
Splash glasses or goggles
Face shield*
Gloves (chemical-resistant or cloth)*


Weapons of Mass Destruction

UNKNOWN
NERVE
BLISTER
CHOKING
BIOLOGICAL
RADIOLOGICAL

Level A
Level A
Level A
Level B
HEPA Filter w/ Level C
HEPA Filter w/ Level C

HAZ-MAT EMS Team




,flowchart, checklist
,,
( B )



,MSDS,.1


,. Rocket phenomenon
CPC, PPE
ONSCENE COMMANDER HAZ.MAT Team

HAZ.MAT Team
Warm zone responder
,
OC-EMS


1. (Triage)
2.Decontamination
3. Immediate stabilization
4.
(emergency and supportive treatment)
5. (specific treatment)

Urgency for
Medical Care

Triage

Low risk for


secondary
contamination
Critically ill
Focus on
Treatment

High risk for


secondary
contamination
Critically ill

Low risk for


secondary
contamination
Mild or no illness
Decontaminatio
n not needed

High risk for


secondary
contamination
Mild or no illness
Decontaminatio
n before
treatment

Simultaneous
decontamination
and treatment

Urgency for
decontamination

Suggested Cut-Out Procedures


(Non-ambulatory Patients Clothing)


(Decontamination)

decontamination

secondary
contamination


(Decontamination)
1. ,

2.
3. (responder)

Decontamination


15

3/21/2012

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