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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. bananas. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. The Chinese brought rice. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world. 1. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. seasoned with coconut. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. 3." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. ? In the early 1800s. . many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land. 2. chowders curries. 3. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. and Indian and cornstarch puddings. Most likely. ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. 4. In the early 1800s. 2. Calls are normally simple notes. 3. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). 4. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. lomi lumi salmon. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. and with concentrated study and practice. and chickens. Japan. as American . offspring. In fact. the whalers and missionaries introduced stews. and cooked. the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. were like giant club mosses.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. the earliest "trees. coconut. 2. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. corned beef. soybeans. taro. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. salt salmon. Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. yams. dried beef. The romance. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. pipkaula (jerked beef). :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. the first distinctly American culture took I—m. single or repeated. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests. among many other foods. All songs and most calls are distinctive. or novel. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. during the Cretaceous period. seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter. pigs. The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki. or other birds of the same species.
3. 2. 3. was the Buffalo German club. 7. incidentally. :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. X In their novels. (7). winning gold in 1976. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. 2. 3. who brought their native foods with them. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. and ideal liable. 3. but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. (4). 8. What is the main subject of the passage? 1. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. ? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. The United States has many sport events for women. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. The winning team. 2. 3. In 1936. Question 1 . which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado.4. 4. winning gold medals in 1984. 2. but the US women have now surpassed them. meaningful. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia. 3. What is the main theme in the passage? 1. (8). What is the main topic of the passage? 1. Text 1. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future. 4. 10. ? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. 4. ? Remarkably. 9. . 4. 1996 and 2000. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. 5. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. 3. ice. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904. hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. 1988. 4. 6. basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. and polar bears. X At. 2. 1980 and 1992. 4. (3). (2).000 miles of railroad track were laid. 2. X The Richter scale was invented in California. X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. novelists began writing about the American frontier. X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. the nation expanded. and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. 1. 2. 2. X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. women's basketball was added to the program. 3. 4. X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. (6). In 1976. :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. 4. (5). ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes. :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1.2 (1).
the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking. Owing to social. knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next. and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. patina and carving their African. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. It is therefore difficult. Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. In many ways. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians. .-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. (10) …. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. Despite this lack of knowledge. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. others may have very little embellishment. how spending patterns effect other categories. the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. Indonesian or American counterparts. this art was in contact with shamanism. In these last two cases. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. with 43. and in many cases. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated. healing. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. two holes for the eyes. often leading new directions for brands. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. distribution. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. marketing. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. one for the mouth. after defeating the shamanic traditions. Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). fleeing.. and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. designs. but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. Currently. the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. for example. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. such as cessation of foraging. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. or altering (14) …… behavior. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border). The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. T-shirts. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation. In some cases. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style.
? disturbingly 4. :-) whether 3. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. 1. 4. X Until 3. 10. ? disturber 3. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. 5. ? disturbance 2. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. 5. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. 1. 2. ? prevailing 5. ? denied 12. 2. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. ? disturb 2. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number …. ? reproduction 3. The above text is probably found in …. ? until 2. :-) Nepal 5. ? 8 5. 3. ? Before 5. ? Northern Himalayas 7. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5.. :-) 6 3. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. ? 2 2. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. ? blocked 3. ? An announcement board 4.. From the text we can conclude that …. ? Terai 2. X In 1904. 2. 1. :-) banned 5. 8. What is the topic of the text? 1. :-) A journal article. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. 2. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA. ? A popular magazine. X Since 2. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. ? reproducing 2. 2. ? tedious 2. 3. :-) While 11. 1. 4.. 1. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. ? disturb 5. 5. ? Kathmandu valley 4. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people.1. 1. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. ? Whenever 4. ? reproduce 4. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. ? rejected 4. 1. What is the best title for the above text? 1. 3. ? contemporary 4. Fibers made of glass . :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3. ? 4 4. ? that 4. 1. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. 4. X reproducible 5. ? A newspaper editorial. :-) prehistoric 9. :-) disturbing 13. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. 1. ? although 14. ? cheap 3. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. 1. ? An advertisement 5. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. X 7 3.
Questions 7-14 Amy Tan. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards.000 fibers. excel academically. sand. "Waiting between the Trees. each 0.001 centimeter. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. Tan's parents. including Chinese. The weight of the glaciers. . It has been translated into 17 languages. Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. especially on long summer days. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters. Tan. and blood cells. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast. It was a resounding success. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. In the shallow water of the shelf. in some places for hundreds of miles. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. Turning to her life-long dream. For certain uses. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. Returning from China. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. "End game. she wrote her first short story. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. like many immigrants. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick. called a faceplate. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf. or 10 microns. fjords. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward. to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. and other small fish. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. At the receiving end. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. Tan. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. Beneath the sea a long. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled. herring. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. and bays. in diameter. In the medical field. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. on which was deposited the mud. gentle underwater slope formed. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms. Meanwhile. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. however. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. rebelled against her parents' expectations. they can transmit images. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. however. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. skin tissue. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands. Tan felt a sense of completeness. was not satisfied despite her material success. the best selling Joy Luck Club." and then a second. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. and was made into a movie in 1993. the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club. pressed down the entire land mass beneath.
The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document.000 2. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority. 3. X 25. ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3. however. Gopherus.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government. including the three gopher tortoises. such as frogs. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1.000 3. on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. X homes and businesses of the future 4. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns. X 500. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law. 1. They are primarily vegetarians. ? difficult to find 3. legislative and judicial. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. :-) Lines 12-13 4. snakes. and burrowing owls. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. X impossible to climb 4. ? Lines 2-10 6. X 1. The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. are the land turtles.34 Living on land. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive. ? Lines 18-20 2. Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. a veritable work of genius. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. ? will play a major role in the information age 4.000. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1. of longevity. In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate. :-) hard to reach 2. feeding on grass and leaves. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. The Constitution. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. properly called tortoises. and of persistence. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe. X Lines 21-266. Berlandier's tortoise. X have reached the peak of their development 2. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. 1. X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7.000 4. :-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. ? 750. Of these. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. Questions 29 . The head can be entirely withdrawn. The word inaccessible means 1.006 3.
X rivaled 4. X writing 3. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. :-) business writer 4. 10. :-) not equaled 3. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3. 23. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4.8. ? Glaciers 2. 19. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. ? Earthquakes 4. X Autum 3. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. 2. the greatest abundance? 1. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. ? Winter 4. 15. Amy Tan was a successful 1. :-) Summer 2. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. 17. X national and federal government 2. X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. 9. X protect minority rights 4. ? was disappointing 3. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. ? common 4. 11. ? neurosurgeon 2. X speaking perfect English 2. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. ? Volcanic eruptions 3. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. :-) Joy Luck Club 2. 20. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. 21. X national matters 4. X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. :-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. ? the states According to the passage. at what time of year are diatoms ii. ? support the Constitution 2. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. X publisher 3. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. X state officials 3. ? common 2. 14. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. X share power with the federal government 3. 13. 22. 2. X excelling academically 4. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . 18. :-) highly respected 3. ? not original 2. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. :-) questioning tradition 3. 12. ? imperceptible According to the passage.
ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. With its syncopations. steady beat. The word "their" refers to 1. ? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. X contained 4. "Maple Leaf Rag. :-) grass and leaves 4. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1. ragtime songs. while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. X restricted 3. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. in march tempo. ? Line 21 4. ? They have long lives. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. X minority issues 2. 4. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. ? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. 27. ? enhanced 34. The opening melody. ? snakes 33." was published in 1899. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. 25. ? social science 4. 26. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. 31. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. 1. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1. X limbs 3. ? snails 4. developed primarily by black pianists. ? They have retracting limbs. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form. but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. ? tortoises 4. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. X public housing 3. ? burrowing animals 3. :-) water turtles 2. and each section is 16 bars in length. X scales 2. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. known as the "King of Ragtime. 29. duple meter (2/4. X enhance 4. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. X feet 32. ? Line 14 3. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. ? disapproval 2. . The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin.24. ? humor 3. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. 3. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. :-) Line 16 2. :-) change 2. player pianos. 11. 30. and piano style. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. 2. X added 2. X prickly pear cactus 3. About three minutes long. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations." whose most famous piano piece. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. X balance 3. and arrangements for dance and marching bands. 28. The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. ? frogs 2. . ? indifference 4. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime. X The symbolism associated with tortoises.
scientific. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size.000 kilometers wide. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. education. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. mathematical. including elk. As an educational aid. training. industry. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. and Medicine. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico. From the trees. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow. around 1900. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful. and ultimately its greatest use. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. bows. who reduced their population to the point at which. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. At its greatest extent it may be 40. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. and it may not be permanent. and film productions. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. . however. create a three-dimensional model. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. the plains bison and the woodland bison. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. but it always returns after a few years. this does not present a problem. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. However. particularly for computer animation. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. However. art. One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. where it is used to create graphs. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. and cost models to summarize financial. aerospace. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted. government. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. publishing. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas. Automobile. and several types of canoes. it drifts about in longitude. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. Santa Barbara. where it is used in advertising. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. and at times it has been invisible. Ventura. which is achieved by a sequential process. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. Architects can design a building layout. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. they used wood to make bowls. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. charts.000 kilometers long and 14. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. statistical. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. and economic data. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. research. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building.Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. has been as an aid to design. spacecraft. One of the initial uses of computer graphics. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot.
? compare ragtime and jazz 3. X cook on a stove 3. ? The bison population can be controlled. ? move about According to the passage. X never changing 2. nets. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods. 3. characteristic of ragtime? 1. ? In caves 2. ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. from which they made flour. X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2. 2. headdresses. X show how ragtime is arranged 2.America According to the passage. fruit. rabbits. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. seeds.000 people. X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. ? march tempo 4. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1.antelope. and one or more sweatlodges. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. tools. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. and squirrels. X drive a long distance 2. According to the passage. 12. X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3. who bartered for Chumash hides. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . X melodic phrase 2. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1. 1. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. X the diversity of climates in America 3. utensils. 3. 4. X player pianos 3. :-) plains bison 4. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. X surround 4. leather. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes.000 to 30. 10. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. ? numbers 2. X arrangements for marching bands 4. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. 1. :-) a melodic phrase 4. :-) Music Appreciation 3. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. ? Behind trees 4. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. ? ragtime 4. X humans 3. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. :-) derived from 3. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. X attached to the ground 4. :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4. 14. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. beads. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3. and bulbs. roots. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. X syncopated melody 2. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. X African-American history 2. including flowers. Plants were also used to make medicines. Their most important food source was the acorn. Which of the following is NOT. X bison were native to a limited territory. ? sheet music 3. 11. 13. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. and canoes. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2. deer. ? unmoving 7. grains. a burial ground. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. X Bison will eventually be extinct. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20. This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. political. a field for game playing. a ceremonial dance ground. and economic ties. leaves. X national parks of North America 4. 9. each with one or more granaries. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4. baskets. X Social Studies 4. 4. ? the endangered grizzly of North . ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. ? Art History 6. 2. :-) Fast march tempo 2. The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1.
X is made of floating gases 4. X flight training 2. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. X currency and government 4. ? create three-dimensional models 3. ? antelope and rabbits 2. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. :-) from time to time 2. X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. X wooden beads 4. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. X advertising 3. X on a regular basis 3. X were not a seafaring people 3. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. ? grains 2. ? computer graphics 4. ? students of anthropology 4. X brilliance 4. :-) anthropology . ? lived very primitively 30. ? fruit 3. X will become brighter with time 3. :-) were a highly developed people 4. ? jobs 2. X computer science 22. :-) willow poles 4. ? enthusiastic 4. X computers 3. ? nutrition 2. :-) amateur astronomers 3. :-) uses 3. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. The author's tone in this passage is 1. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2. ? will continue expanding 19. This passage would be of most interest to 1. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. Mars outshines Jupiter 1. The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1.15. X creativity 4. According to the passage. ? visibility 2. :-) neutral 3. ? geologists 2. The author implies that the Chumash 1. X inspect buildings 24. X make cartographic materials 4. :-) plant foods 3. :-) shells 3. X making cost models 2. X fish 4. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. X density 3. :-) will one day vanish 2. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. inventive people 29. :-) rendering machine parts 4. ? supportive 2. X acorns 32. According to the passage. X cost models 4. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. The word "applications" in bold means 1. The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. X create graphs 2. X Lines 12-14 4. ? argumentative 16. According to the passage. It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. ? were an industrious. ? Routine uses of computers 2. :-) A description of Chumash life 28. :-) computer animation 3. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. The Chumash currency was represented by 1. ? every several months 17. ? layers 27. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. ? mathematicians 18. X were a localized tribe 3. X canoes 2. ? leather 31. X ecological systems 3. engineers use CAD for 1. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. X Lines 16-18 3. X fields 2. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. :-) Lines 7-9 25. X were not artistic in nature 2. ? Lines 4-6 2. According to the passage. architects use CAD to 1. ? tools 33. X surface area 20. ? less often than any other planet 4. 26. :-) Computer graphics applications 21.
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