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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
as American . the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. 4. Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). or other birds of the same species. single or repeated. 2. Japan. yams. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. and chickens. In the early 1800s. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). Calls are normally simple notes. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. and with concentrated study and practice. bananas. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes. taro. coconut. the earliest "trees. salt salmon. The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. In fact.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). pipkaula (jerked beef). ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person. were like giant club mosses. The romance. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific. lomi lumi salmon. pigs." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. during the Cretaceous period. Most likely. 3. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. 3. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. 4. 1. chowders curries. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. dried beef. . 2. Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. or novel. X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. seasoned with coconut. :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world. corned beef. bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well. ? In the early 1800s. The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter. soybeans. among many other foods. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. the first distinctly American culture took I—m. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. the whalers and missionaries introduced stews. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land. and cooked. In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. 2. The Chinese brought rice. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. All songs and most calls are distinctive. 3. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. and Indian and cornstarch puddings. offspring.
? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. X The Richter scale was invented in California. ? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. 3. In 1976. and polar bears. X In their novels.2 (1). X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. 3. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. 2. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. 2. 3. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. Text 1. (3). :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. 9. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. winning gold medals in 1984. whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. ice. ? Remarkably. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. meaningful. . X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. Question 1 . X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. (4). 3.4. :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. What is the main theme in the passage? 1. 4. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future. 3. novelists began writing about the American frontier. 3. basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. 1988. The United States has many sport events for women. the nation expanded. (8). who brought their native foods with them. 1. 2. 2. What is the main subject of the passage? 1. 5. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. 2. 2. 2. women's basketball was added to the program. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. The winning team.000 miles of railroad track were laid. 7. 4. (2). (6). What is the main topic of the passage? 1. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia. which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. 4. but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. (7). incidentally. and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. 10. 4. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. 8. ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. 2. 3. (5). but the US women have now surpassed them. X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado. 4. winning gold in 1976. 1980 and 1992. :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. was the Buffalo German club. 4. 1996 and 2000. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. 6. X At. and ideal liable. 4. 3. 4. In 1936.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. Indonesian or American counterparts.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). fleeing. It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next. patina and carving their African. (10) …. healing. Despite this lack of knowledge. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. or altering (14) …… behavior. marketing. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. this art was in contact with shamanism.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. for example. the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules. . but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. two holes for the eyes. it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities. distribution. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting. Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. often leading new directions for brands. The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. such as cessation of foraging. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. In some cases. and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. with 43. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. one for the mouth. In many ways. how spending patterns effect other categories. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. designs. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . It is therefore difficult. in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking. Currently.. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians. and in many cases. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. In these last two cases. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated. such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art. others may have very little embellishment. Owing to social. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. after defeating the shamanic traditions. the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. T-shirts. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border).
:-) Nepal 5. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. 1. 2. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. :-) A journal article. 1. 3. X Until 3. 2. Fibers made of glass . ? cheap 3. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union.. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. ? rejected 4.1. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. :-) disturbing 13. 1. 1. ? 2 2. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. ? disturb 5. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. ? disturbingly 4. 8. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. :-) prehistoric 9. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. 2. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. 3. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. 5. ? prevailing 5. ? disturb 2. :-) whether 3. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number …. 1. ? A newspaper editorial. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. X Since 2. ? reproduce 4. ? contemporary 4. From the text we can conclude that …. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people. ? reproduction 3. ? until 2. ? Northern Himalayas 7. ? Terai 2. ? disturbance 2. 4. 1. 5. ? 4 4. ? Before 5. ? reproducing 2. :-) banned 5. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. ? Whenever 4. ? that 4. 10. 1. The above text is probably found in …. What is the topic of the text? 1. ? An announcement board 4. 4. :-) 6 3. 1. :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3.. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. ? An advertisement 5. ? disturber 3. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5. ? tedious 2. ? A popular magazine. 1. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. 1. ? 8 5. X reproducible 5. ? denied 12. ? although 14.. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. 2. 2. ? Kathmandu valley 4. X 7 3. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. 5. What is the best title for the above text? 1. 3. ? blocked 3. 4. :-) While 11. X In 1904.
to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. sand. It has been translated into 17 languages. Returning from China. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. Meanwhile. on which was deposited the mud. Tan. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. herring. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. they can transmit images. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction. like many immigrants. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards. including Chinese. .000 fibers. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer. called a faceplate. rebelled against her parents' expectations. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward. however. and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. In the medical field. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club. the best selling Joy Luck Club. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. or 10 microns. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. For certain uses. Beneath the sea a long. Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. Tan's parents. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet. Tan felt a sense of completeness. she wrote her first short story. in diameter. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast. was not satisfied despite her material success. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. and blood cells. expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. each 0. The weight of the glaciers. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. "End game. At the receiving end. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. Questions 7-14 Amy Tan. and bays. and was made into a movie in 1993. Turning to her life-long dream. fjords. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. skin tissue. however. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected." and then a second.001 centimeter. Tan. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. and other small fish. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled. Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. especially on long summer days. the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. gentle underwater slope formed. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. It was a resounding success. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. In the shallow water of the shelf. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. in some places for hundreds of miles. pressed down the entire land mass beneath. excel academically. "Waiting between the Trees. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands.
:-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. ? Lines 2-10 6. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority. The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear.000 2. In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate. ? Lines 18-20 2.34 Living on land. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document. such as frogs. X 25. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive. however. legislative and judicial. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. including the three gopher tortoises. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. feeding on grass and leaves. the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. and burrowing owls. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. X 500. 1. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1. X have reached the peak of their development 2. 3. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. X homes and businesses of the future 4. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3. The head can be entirely withdrawn. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. 1. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5.000 4. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. The Constitution. Gopherus. X impossible to climb 4.000. X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7. are the land turtles. as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. of longevity. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. properly called tortoises. Questions 29 . a veritable work of genius. and of persistence. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement. X 1. They are primarily vegetarians.000 3. The word inaccessible means 1. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. ? will play a major role in the information age 4. :-) Lines 12-13 4.006 3. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms. Of these. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core. :-) hard to reach 2. Berlandier's tortoise. ? difficult to find 3. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns. snakes. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. X Lines 21-266. ? 750. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs. Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1.
X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. 10. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. 2. X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. ? imperceptible According to the passage. 23. X share power with the federal government 3. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4. :-) business writer 4. X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . X Autum 3. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. 19. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. X state officials 3. Amy Tan was a successful 1. 13. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. X speaking perfect English 2. X publisher 3. ? common 4. X writing 3. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. 2. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. ? not original 2. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. :-) highly respected 3. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. ? neurosurgeon 2. ? Earthquakes 4. ? Winter 4. 9. ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. 14. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. ? the states According to the passage.8. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. ? Volcanic eruptions 3. 22. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. X rivaled 4. ? was disappointing 3. X national matters 4. :-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. 11. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3. 15. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. the greatest abundance? 1. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. ? support the Constitution 2. 12. ? common 2. 18. 20. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. X national and federal government 2. X protect minority rights 4. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. :-) Summer 2. X excelling academically 4. 21. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. ? Glaciers 2. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4. :-) questioning tradition 3. :-) Joy Luck Club 2. :-) not equaled 3. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. 17. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. at what time of year are diatoms ii.
24. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. ? humor 3. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1. known as the "King of Ragtime. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo. ? Line 14 3. ? Line 21 4. 11. With its syncopations. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. 25. 4. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. 29. 26." whose most famous piano piece. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. ? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. 3. X limbs 3. player pianos. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. and arrangements for dance and marching bands. ? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. X enhance 4. X minority issues 2. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations. steady beat. X added 2. ? They have long lives. ? burrowing animals 3. ragtime songs. "Maple Leaf Rag. X prickly pear cactus 3. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form. :-) Line 16 2. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. :-) water turtles 2. ? indifference 4. ? disapproval 2. 27. :-) grass and leaves 4. X contained 4. developed primarily by black pianists. 1. The opening melody. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. and each section is 16 bars in length. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. . but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. ? tortoises 4. X The symbolism associated with tortoises. 30. About three minutes long. ? They have retracting limbs. X feet 32. while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. . 28. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. and piano style. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. 2. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime. The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody." was published in 1899. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. ? snails 4. X public housing 3. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. X restricted 3. ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. in march tempo. ? frogs 2. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. X balance 3. ? social science 4. The word "their" refers to 1. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. duple meter (2/4. X scales 2. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. ? snakes 33. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. :-) change 2. ? enhanced 34. 31.
One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. training. but it always returns after a few years. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. mathematical. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. bows. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. statistical. they used wood to make bowls. Architects can design a building layout. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. From the trees. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. and Medicine. which is achieved by a sequential process. At its greatest extent it may be 40. and it may not be permanent. particularly for computer animation. scientific. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. around 1900. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. One of the initial uses of computer graphics. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. art.000 kilometers long and 14. and ultimately its greatest use. education. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. However. create a three-dimensional model. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. and cost models to summarize financial. and film productions.Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. Santa Barbara. Automobile. publishing. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean. the plains bison and the woodland bison. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics. Ventura. however. industry. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. government. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. aerospace. charts. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. has been as an aid to design. and several types of canoes. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures. However. where it is used in advertising. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. and economic data. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas. where it is used to create graphs. research. this does not present a problem. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size. who reduced their population to the point at which. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico.000 kilometers wide. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. it drifts about in longitude. including elk. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building. and at times it has been invisible. spacecraft. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. . As an educational aid.
9. grains. ? the endangered grizzly of North . ? compare ragtime and jazz 3. political. and one or more sweatlodges. ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. ? move about According to the passage. 13. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. seeds. baskets. X never changing 2. Which of the following is NOT. ? The bison population can be controlled. X player pianos 3. leaves. leather. fruit. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. utensils. headdresses. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. a field for game playing. 2. X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2. X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3.antelope. deer. roots. ? march tempo 4. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4. each with one or more granaries. :-) derived from 3. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1. ? Art History 6. X bison were native to a limited territory. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1. beads. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. X syncopated melody 2. a ceremonial dance ground. 12. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . 2. and canoes. ? In caves 2. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2. 4. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods. 1. ? sheet music 3. X Social Studies 4.000 people. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. 11. X the diversity of climates in America 3. 4. including flowers. :-) a melodic phrase 4. 14. from which they made flour. :-) Music Appreciation 3. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1. and bulbs. :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4. and squirrels. tools. Their most important food source was the acorn. 3. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. ? Behind trees 4. rabbits. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. 10. :-) Fast march tempo 2. characteristic of ragtime? 1. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3. X show how ragtime is arranged 2. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. :-) plains bison 4.000 to 30. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. a burial ground. ? unmoving 7. X attached to the ground 4. ? ragtime 4. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. X cook on a stove 3. and economic ties. who bartered for Chumash hides. Plants were also used to make medicines. X Bison will eventually be extinct. ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. X African-American history 2. 3. nets. X national parks of North America 4. 1. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. ? numbers 2. According to the passage. X drive a long distance 2. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. X humans 3. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. X melodic phrase 2. X arrangements for marching bands 4.America According to the passage. X surround 4.
The Chumash currency was represented by 1. X creativity 4. This passage would be of most interest to 1. X density 3. ? will continue expanding 19. ? visibility 2. The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1. :-) uses 3. :-) willow poles 4. Mars outshines Jupiter 1.15. :-) will one day vanish 2. X currency and government 4. :-) amateur astronomers 3. X advertising 3. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. X Lines 12-14 4. ? computer graphics 4. X computer science 22. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2. According to the passage. :-) Computer graphics applications 21. X Lines 16-18 3. ? create three-dimensional models 3. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. ? less often than any other planet 4. X fields 2. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. X wooden beads 4. According to the passage. X were not a seafaring people 3. X acorns 32. ? jobs 2. ? every several months 17. :-) rendering machine parts 4. 26. X will become brighter with time 3. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. ? enthusiastic 4. ? Routine uses of computers 2. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. engineers use CAD for 1. X brilliance 4. ? argumentative 16. :-) computer animation 3. ? grains 2. X cost models 4. The author's tone in this passage is 1. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. ? nutrition 2. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. ? fruit 3. X ecological systems 3. X canoes 2. X create graphs 2. :-) Lines 7-9 25. X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. X surface area 20. ? mathematicians 18. X were a localized tribe 3. :-) neutral 3. :-) anthropology . It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. ? Lines 4-6 2. The word "applications" in bold means 1. ? students of anthropology 4. :-) were a highly developed people 4. ? tools 33. :-) A description of Chumash life 28. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. According to the passage. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. inventive people 29. X on a regular basis 3. :-) from time to time 2. ? antelope and rabbits 2. X fish 4. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. ? were an industrious. X were not artistic in nature 2. architects use CAD to 1. :-) plant foods 3. X flight training 2. The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. X make cartographic materials 4. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. ? supportive 2. ? geologists 2. X computers 3. X making cost models 2. ? layers 27. X is made of floating gases 4. ? lived very primitively 30. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. :-) shells 3. According to the passage. X inspect buildings 24. ? leather 31. The author implies that the Chumash 1.
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