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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
. :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. Calls are normally simple notes. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. chowders curries. pigs. the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. single or repeated. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. offspring. 2. By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. dried beef. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes. seasoned with coconut. All songs and most calls are distinctive. The Chinese brought rice. The romance. coconut. 3. and with concentrated study and practice. 2. In fact. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. In the early 1800s. 1. ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. salt salmon. ? In the early 1800s. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. soybeans. or novel. and cooked. The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. during the Cretaceous period. Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. 2. and chickens. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. and Indian and cornstarch puddings." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. or other birds of the same species.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. 3. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well. In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. were like giant club mosses. Japan. seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter. the whalers and missionaries introduced stews. 4. 4. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. yams. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. among many other foods. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. bananas. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world. as American . corned beef. 3. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land. pipkaula (jerked beef). Most likely. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). the earliest "trees. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). taro. the first distinctly American culture took I—m. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. lomi lumi salmon.
whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. ice. 2. 3. 10. meaningful. ? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. 2. X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. 3. What is the main subject of the passage? 1. 3. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. 1980 and 1992. (8). ? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future. 9. (4). (3). :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. 2. The United States has many sport events for women. 1996 and 2000. In 1936. 1. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. novelists began writing about the American frontier. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado. X At. X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. Question 1 . ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. X In their novels. 2. :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. 3. 2. 4. (2). the nation expanded. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. winning gold medals in 1984. winning gold in 1976. but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year.2 (1). 3. incidentally. 2. 4. 4. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. 6. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. (7). What is the main theme in the passage? 1. . The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. was the Buffalo German club. 3. :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world.000 miles of railroad track were laid. In 1976. hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. 2. 4. 4. 4. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. women's basketball was added to the program. 3. (5). X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. ? Remarkably. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. 1988. (6). The winning team. 2. which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia.4. who brought their native foods with them. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. 4. Text 1. X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. 3. 7. ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904. and polar bears. X The Richter scale was invented in California. :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. 8. but the US women have now surpassed them. and ideal liable. 4. 5.
Currently. In these last two cases. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. with 43. fleeing. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. Indonesian or American counterparts. how spending patterns effect other categories. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting.. such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules. the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. patina and carving their African. two holes for the eyes. the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. In some cases. after defeating the shamanic traditions. (10) …. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border). Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. designs. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. this art was in contact with shamanism. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking. Despite this lack of knowledge. others may have very little embellishment. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. . and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated. such as cessation of foraging. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. marketing. Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. or altering (14) …… behavior. the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. distribution. healing. and in many cases. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. often leading new directions for brands. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. one for the mouth.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. Owing to social. In many ways. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes. It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. T-shirts. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. for example. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. It is therefore difficult. it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes.
? rejected 4. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA. The above text is probably found in …. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. ? disturber 3. :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3. 8. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people. ? although 14. ? prevailing 5. ? 4 4. X reproducible 5. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. ? cheap 3. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. ? disturb 2. 5. ? tedious 2. :-) whether 3. What is the best title for the above text? 1. 1. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. What is the topic of the text? 1. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. X Since 2. 2. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. ? An advertisement 5. Fibers made of glass . X In 1904. X Until 3. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. 3.. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples. :-) A journal article. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number ….1. ? that 4. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. 4. 4. 5. :-) While 11. ? An announcement board 4. 3.. ? disturbance 2. 2. 1. X 7 3. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. 3. ? 2 2. 1. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. ? reproduce 4. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. 5. ? A newspaper editorial. :-) banned 5. ? 8 5. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. 1. 2. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. ? reproducing 2. ? until 2. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. 1. 1. ? blocked 3.. 2. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. ? A popular magazine. :-) Nepal 5. ? Kathmandu valley 4. ? reproduction 3. ? Northern Himalayas 7. 10. ? disturbingly 4. :-) prehistoric 9. From the text we can conclude that …. 1. ? contemporary 4. :-) disturbing 13. ? denied 12. 2. 4. ? Before 5. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. ? Terai 2. ? Whenever 4. 1. 1. :-) 6 3. 1. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. ? disturb 5.
Beneath the sea a long. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. and blood cells. and other small fish. Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. The weight of the glaciers. It was a resounding success. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. including Chinese. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. "End game. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected. Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. . gentle underwater slope formed. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. Tan. however. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. "Waiting between the Trees. she wrote her first short story. In the shallow water of the shelf. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters. Meanwhile. In the medical field. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. rebelled against her parents' expectations. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands. Tan. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards. expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. they can transmit images. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. on which was deposited the mud. sand. in diameter. excel academically. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer. herring. and bays. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet." and then a second.001 centimeter. the best selling Joy Luck Club. Tan felt a sense of completeness. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. and was made into a movie in 1993. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf. or 10 microns. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns. It has been translated into 17 languages. Turning to her life-long dream. Questions 7-14 Amy Tan. At the receiving end. in some places for hundreds of miles.000 fibers. Tan's parents. pressed down the entire land mass beneath. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms. skin tissue. however. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. especially on long summer days. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list. For certain uses. called a faceplate. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. each 0. was not satisfied despite her material success. Returning from China. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. fjords. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. like many immigrants. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast.
? 750. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms. as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs. X homes and businesses of the future 4.000 3. The Constitution. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. They are primarily vegetarians. X 1. 1. a veritable work of genius. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows. :-) hard to reach 2. X have reached the peak of their development 2. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years.000 4. 3. such as frogs. X 500. 1. X 25. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document. are the land turtles. The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear.34 Living on land. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. of longevity.000. In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. The head can be entirely withdrawn. ? Lines 2-10 6. feeding on grass and leaves. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5. snakes. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority.006 3. Of these.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico. Gopherus. X impossible to climb 4. Berlandier's tortoise. The word inaccessible means 1. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1. and of persistence. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . :-) Lines 12-13 4. :-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. ? difficult to find 3. the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. ? Lines 18-20 2.000 2. ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3. however. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law. including the three gopher tortoises. X Lines 21-266. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core. ? will play a major role in the information age 4. The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. properly called tortoises. on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. and burrowing owls. Questions 29 . X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement. legislative and judicial. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1.
X excelling academically 4. X state officials 3. X publisher 3. Amy Tan was a successful 1. ? common 2. X share power with the federal government 3. :-) not equaled 3. the greatest abundance? 1. 21. 13. X national and federal government 2. ? not original 2. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. :-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. 23. ? imperceptible According to the passage. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. X Autum 3. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. 14. 9. 22. 20. X speaking perfect English 2. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. 11. 19. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. ? Glaciers 2. ? the states According to the passage. 10. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. X protect minority rights 4. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4. 12.8. X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. 18. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. ? common 4. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4. X national matters 4. ? neurosurgeon 2. ? Earthquakes 4. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. 15. X writing 3. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. X rivaled 4. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. 2. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. ? Volcanic eruptions 3. 17. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. ? support the Constitution 2. at what time of year are diatoms ii. :-) questioning tradition 3. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. ? Winter 4. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. ? was disappointing 3. 2. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. :-) Joy Luck Club 2. :-) business writer 4. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. :-) Summer 2. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. :-) highly respected 3. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4.
? Line 21 4. ? They have retracting limbs. ? burrowing animals 3. ? social science 4. ? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. . 1. steady beat. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. ragtime songs. :-) change 2. 4. 31. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. X restricted 3. About three minutes long. X The symbolism associated with tortoises. "Maple Leaf Rag. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. duple meter (2/4. ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. 11. X limbs 3. :-) water turtles 2. X balance 3. The opening melody. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. X prickly pear cactus 3. player pianos. :-) Line 16 2. The word "their" refers to 1. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE. 27. 28. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. X minority issues 2. With its syncopations. ? snails 4. and piano style. ? tortoises 4. X scales 2. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. :-) grass and leaves 4. The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody. 2. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. 29. and arrangements for dance and marching bands. ? humor 3. ? enhanced 34. ? frogs 2. 30. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. X feet 32. ? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. ? indifference 4. ? disapproval 2. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. .24. ? snakes 33. X enhance 4. known as the "King of Ragtime. 26. and each section is 16 bars in length. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. ? They have long lives. X public housing 3. 3. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. ? Line 14 3. but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. X added 2. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime." whose most famous piano piece. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1. X contained 4. in march tempo." was published in 1899. 25. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations. developed primarily by black pianists. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1.
One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting.Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. spacecraft. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. . and at times it has been invisible. computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. publishing. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size. create a three-dimensional model. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. scientific. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. government. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. around 1900. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. As an educational aid.000 kilometers long and 14. Automobile. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. statistical. and film productions. One of the initial uses of computer graphics. has been as an aid to design.000 kilometers wide. Architects can design a building layout. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics. research. and cost models to summarize financial. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. where it is used in advertising. training. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will. charts. industry. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. and Medicine. art. mathematical. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. including elk. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. and it may not be permanent. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. and economic data. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. it drifts about in longitude. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas. education. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. the plains bison and the woodland bison. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. From the trees. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. where it is used to create graphs. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). but it always returns after a few years. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. however. At its greatest extent it may be 40. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. and ultimately its greatest use. and several types of canoes. this does not present a problem. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building. who reduced their population to the point at which. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. aerospace. bows. they used wood to make bowls. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. However. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. Santa Barbara. which is achieved by a sequential process. However. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. particularly for computer animation. Ventura.
X cook on a stove 3. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1. 3. Which of the following is NOT. X player pianos 3. X humans 3. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. Plants were also used to make medicines. X attached to the ground 4. ? ragtime 4. The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1. X the diversity of climates in America 3. roots. :-) Fast march tempo 2. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. seeds. :-) Music Appreciation 3. ? The bison population can be controlled. including flowers. ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. X drive a long distance 2. a burial ground. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1. X national parks of North America 4. grains. headdresses. :-) a melodic phrase 4. and squirrels. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes. X bison were native to a limited territory. ? In caves 2. Their most important food source was the acorn. 10. tools. X syncopated melody 2. X show how ragtime is arranged 2. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. :-) plains bison 4. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. ? unmoving 7. According to the passage. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. 4.America According to the passage. :-) derived from 3. ? march tempo 4.antelope. 9. 1. baskets. and economic ties. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4. from which they made flour. and one or more sweatlodges. X arrangements for marching bands 4. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. ? move about According to the passage. ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. 12. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3. ? sheet music 3. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. rabbits. leather. 13. 11. each with one or more granaries. 2. 3. and bulbs. a field for game playing. leaves. ? Art History 6. who bartered for Chumash hides. 1. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods. 2. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. X Bison will eventually be extinct. characteristic of ragtime? 1. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. 4. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. and canoes. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4. ? Behind trees 4. political. fruit. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. ? numbers 2. X surround 4. ? the endangered grizzly of North . utensils.000 to 30. X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3. deer. beads. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2.000 people. X African-American history 2. 14. X never changing 2. ? compare ragtime and jazz 3. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. X Social Studies 4. a ceremonial dance ground. X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. X melodic phrase 2. nets.
:-) will one day vanish 2. ? tools 33. ? lived very primitively 30. Mars outshines Jupiter 1. According to the passage. ? students of anthropology 4. X ecological systems 3. The word "applications" in bold means 1. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. ? enthusiastic 4. X were not a seafaring people 3. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. X making cost models 2. ? will continue expanding 19. X surface area 20. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. :-) shells 3. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. :-) Lines 7-9 25. X density 3. X fish 4. :-) anthropology . :-) A description of Chumash life 28. :-) Computer graphics applications 21. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. X computer science 22. ? fruit 3. X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. X brilliance 4. ? Lines 4-6 2. :-) plant foods 3. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. This passage would be of most interest to 1. X make cartographic materials 4. ? computer graphics 4. ? layers 27. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. ? every several months 17. engineers use CAD for 1. 26. According to the passage. X create graphs 2. The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. :-) rendering machine parts 4. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. :-) were a highly developed people 4. The author's tone in this passage is 1. ? less often than any other planet 4. X canoes 2. ? geologists 2. The Chumash currency was represented by 1. :-) amateur astronomers 3. It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. According to the passage. ? visibility 2. X currency and government 4. :-) from time to time 2. ? jobs 2. X Lines 12-14 4. X advertising 3. The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. architects use CAD to 1. :-) computer animation 3. inventive people 29. ? grains 2. X acorns 32. X creativity 4. X computers 3. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. :-) neutral 3. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. X will become brighter with time 3. ? leather 31. X inspect buildings 24. ? argumentative 16. X were a localized tribe 3. :-) willow poles 4. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2. ? create three-dimensional models 3. ? nutrition 2. X is made of floating gases 4. X cost models 4. X on a regular basis 3. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. X were not artistic in nature 2. :-) uses 3. The author implies that the Chumash 1. ? Routine uses of computers 2. ? mathematicians 18. X fields 2. X Lines 16-18 3. ? supportive 2. X flight training 2. ? were an industrious. X wooden beads 4. According to the passage. ? antelope and rabbits 2.15.
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