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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well. soybeans. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. chowders curries." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. as American . Japan. Calls are normally simple notes. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. All songs and most calls are distinctive. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). 4. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. single or repeated. and with concentrated study and practice. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. taro. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person. By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. or other birds of the same species. during the Cretaceous period. corned beef. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. offspring. In the early 1800s. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes. 3. In fact. lomi lumi salmon. bananas. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests. 2. salt salmon. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). and chickens. or novel. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. Most likely. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. pipkaula (jerked beef). the whalers and missionaries introduced stews. the first distinctly American culture took I—m. . building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. 3. 1. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. The romance. :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. the earliest "trees. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. ? In the early 1800s. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. 2. the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. dried beef. 3. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. and cooked. The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. were like giant club mosses. coconut. 4. among many other foods. seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. yams. pigs. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. 2. seasoned with coconut. and Indian and cornstarch puddings. The Chinese brought rice. The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world.
3. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. winning gold medals in 1984. was the Buffalo German club. 4. 1988. 9. 6. 3. X In their novels. 4. novelists began writing about the American frontier. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. 4. but the US women have now surpassed them. In 1976. but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. and polar bears. 7. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. 3. (7). :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. (6). 2. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. 3. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. . 3. 4.000 miles of railroad track were laid. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia. 3. who brought their native foods with them. 4. 3. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. (4). (3). 2. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. In 1936. women's basketball was added to the program. ice. The United States has many sport events for women. (8). What is the main subject of the passage? 1. and ideal liable. 1980 and 1992. :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. 2. meaningful. 4. 4. which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future. X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. X The Richter scale was invented in California. (5). What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1.2 (1). and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. What is the main theme in the passage? 1. (2).4. the nation expanded. 10. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. 8. Question 1 . 5. whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. 2. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904. X At. incidentally. winning gold in 1976. 1. :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world. Text 1. 3. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. The winning team. X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado. ? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. ? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. 2. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. 2. basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. 1996 and 2000. ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. 4. ? Remarkably. hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. 2. X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. 2. ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes.
In these last two cases. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. It is therefore difficult. the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. with 43. knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next.. The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. healing. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style. and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. such as cessation of foraging. Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes. and in many cases. for example. designs. Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art. Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. Despite this lack of knowledge. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. one for the mouth. distribution. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. (10) …. after defeating the shamanic traditions. In many ways. fleeing. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border). it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities. It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . Owing to social. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians. T-shirts. or altering (14) …… behavior. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. often leading new directions for brands. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. this art was in contact with shamanism. the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). how spending patterns effect other categories. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. Currently. In some cases. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. two holes for the eyes. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. marketing. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. Indonesian or American counterparts. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking. .-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules. patina and carving their African. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. others may have very little embellishment.
? that 4. X Since 2. :-) A journal article. 4. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. The above text is probably found in …. 3. 2. 1. 3. 2. ? A popular magazine. 1. ? disturb 2. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. X reproducible 5. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. 8. X In 1904. ? until 2. X Until 3. ? disturb 5. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. What is the best title for the above text? 1. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people. :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3. ? Before 5. 4. 5. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. ? reproduction 3. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. ? disturber 3. 4. ? Whenever 4. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number …. Fibers made of glass . ? although 14. 1. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. 1. 5. 2. 1.1. ? contemporary 4. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. ? Northern Himalayas 7. :-) Nepal 5. ? A newspaper editorial. 1. ? 4 4.. :-) banned 5. ? denied 12. ? disturbance 2. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples. X 7 3. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. ? blocked 3. 1. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA.. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. From the text we can conclude that …. ? prevailing 5. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. :-) prehistoric 9. 10. ? An announcement board 4. ? 2 2. 1.. ? Kathmandu valley 4. ? cheap 3. ? rejected 4. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. ? disturbingly 4. 2. 5. 3. ? An advertisement 5. :-) 6 3. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. :-) While 11. 2. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. ? 8 5. :-) disturbing 13. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5. What is the topic of the text? 1. ? reproduce 4. ? Terai 2. ? reproducing 2. ? tedious 2. 1. :-) whether 3. 1.
expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. in diameter. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. pressed down the entire land mass beneath. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. For certain uses. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list. the best selling Joy Luck Club. fjords. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer. Returning from China. Turning to her life-long dream. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters. Questions 7-14 Amy Tan. rebelled against her parents' expectations. skin tissue. they can transmit images. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. on which was deposited the mud. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. however. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. like many immigrants. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. including Chinese. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. in some places for hundreds of miles. "End game. Beneath the sea a long. to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands.000 fibers. "Waiting between the Trees. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp. especially on long summer days. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. It was a resounding success. however. she wrote her first short story. In the medical field. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected. or 10 microns. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. Tan felt a sense of completeness. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. excel academically. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. . the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns.001 centimeter. At the receiving end. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward. herring. gentle underwater slope formed. Tan. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. and blood cells. sand. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. and other small fish. In the shallow water of the shelf. and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. and was made into a movie in 1993. Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. Tan. It has been translated into 17 languages. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. Meanwhile. called a faceplate. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. Tan's parents. The weight of the glaciers. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. was not satisfied despite her material success. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. each 0. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. and bays." and then a second. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices.
The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear. The Constitution. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals. The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document. ? 750.000. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico.000 3. and burrowing owls. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive. Berlandier's tortoise. properly called tortoises. X 500. :-) Lines 12-13 4.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core. feeding on grass and leaves. X impossible to climb 4. snakes. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. 1. and of persistence. however. In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate.34 Living on land. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5. legislative and judicial.000 4. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. including the three gopher tortoises. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1. such as frogs. are the land turtles. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. X homes and businesses of the future 4. X have reached the peak of their development 2. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe. Questions 29 . :-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1. a veritable work of genius. X 1. The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. ? Lines 18-20 2. as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows. ? Lines 2-10 6. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7. The head can be entirely withdrawn. 3. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. ? difficult to find 3. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. They are primarily vegetarians. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. :-) hard to reach 2. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years. The word inaccessible means 1. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3.006 3. Gopherus.000 2. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs. Of these. 1. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. ? will play a major role in the information age 4. of longevity. X 25. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority. X Lines 21-266.
X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. 19. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. :-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. X speaking perfect English 2. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. :-) business writer 4. ? imperceptible According to the passage. 14. ? common 4. ? the states According to the passage. ? Volcanic eruptions 3. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. 2. 11. at what time of year are diatoms ii. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. X national and federal government 2. ? was disappointing 3. 9. ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. the greatest abundance? 1. X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . X national matters 4. 22. ? Glaciers 2. 17. :-) questioning tradition 3. :-) Joy Luck Club 2. ? neurosurgeon 2. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. :-) highly respected 3.8. ? not original 2. ? common 2. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. X state officials 3. :-) Summer 2. 20. 21. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. X publisher 3. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. X protect minority rights 4. X share power with the federal government 3. X excelling academically 4. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. 10. X Autum 3. Amy Tan was a successful 1. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. 13. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4. :-) not equaled 3. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. 18. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. 15. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. 12. 23. 2. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. ? support the Constitution 2. ? Winter 4. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. X rivaled 4. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. ? Earthquakes 4. X writing 3. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3.
. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. ? disapproval 2. 25. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. X enhance 4. 11. ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. ? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. ? frogs 2. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form. 29. developed primarily by black pianists. About three minutes long. ? indifference 4. :-) grass and leaves 4. X balance 3. The opening melody. 4. ? burrowing animals 3. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. 30. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. 1. ? Line 21 4. known as the "King of Ragtime. ? snails 4. ? snakes 33. 3. ? They have long lives. X contained 4. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. X The symbolism associated with tortoises. With its syncopations. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE." whose most famous piano piece. "Maple Leaf Rag. X feet 32. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. X minority issues 2. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. duple meter (2/4. 31. 26. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. X restricted 3. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. ? They have retracting limbs. 27. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. ? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. steady beat. but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. X added 2. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1. 2. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. ? humor 3. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo." was published in 1899. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. :-) change 2. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. and each section is 16 bars in length. in march tempo. X prickly pear cactus 3. X limbs 3. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. and arrangements for dance and marching bands. X public housing 3. ? Line 14 3. and piano style. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. X scales 2. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations. ragtime songs. . ? tortoises 4. player pianos. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. :-) water turtles 2. The word "their" refers to 1. 28. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. ? enhanced 34. The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody. :-) Line 16 2.24. ? social science 4.
they used wood to make bowls. and economic data. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. Architects can design a building layout. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. However. particularly for computer animation. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas.000 kilometers long and 14.000 kilometers wide. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico. it drifts about in longitude. One of the initial uses of computer graphics. and ultimately its greatest use. One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. and it may not be permanent. mathematical. the plains bison and the woodland bison. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. education. government. where it is used in advertising. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size. around 1900. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. publishing. where it is used to create graphs. However. From the trees. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. and Medicine. and film productions. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. who reduced their population to the point at which. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. scientific. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. bows. and several types of canoes. this does not present a problem. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful. training. Santa Barbara. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. which is achieved by a sequential process. charts. however. industry. Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. art. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. . As an educational aid. and cost models to summarize financial. create a three-dimensional model. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). but it always returns after a few years. Ventura. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics. At its greatest extent it may be 40. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. including elk. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. Automobile. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. statistical. aerospace. spacecraft. research. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. and at times it has been invisible. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. has been as an aid to design.Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures.
3. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2.000 people. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. 10. from which they made flour. political. ? numbers 2. ? Art History 6.antelope. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. ? The bison population can be controlled. 9. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1. 14. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. 4. and bulbs. According to the passage. leaves. seeds. X humans 3. each with one or more granaries.America According to the passage. roots. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. X player pianos 3. X show how ragtime is arranged 2. ? Behind trees 4. :-) derived from 3. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods. :-) Music Appreciation 3. 11. 1. ? the endangered grizzly of North . X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3. X Social Studies 4. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. X melodic phrase 2. Plants were also used to make medicines. and canoes. a field for game playing. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. X bison were native to a limited territory. characteristic of ragtime? 1. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. utensils. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. :-) Fast march tempo 2. leather. X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20. 13. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. X Bison will eventually be extinct. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. X drive a long distance 2. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. X the diversity of climates in America 3. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4. ? unmoving 7. and economic ties. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. who bartered for Chumash hides. 12. ? sheet music 3. deer. :-) a melodic phrase 4. grains. ? march tempo 4. X attached to the ground 4. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. and squirrels. :-) plains bison 4. headdresses. 2.000 to 30. fruit. nets. X African-American history 2. ? In caves 2. ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. baskets. including flowers. a ceremonial dance ground. This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. 1. and one or more sweatlodges. tools. 2. X never changing 2. ? move about According to the passage. X surround 4. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1. The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1. beads. X national parks of North America 4. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. X syncopated melody 2. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. 4. Their most important food source was the acorn. Which of the following is NOT. a burial ground. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. ? compare ragtime and jazz 3. rabbits. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3. X arrangements for marching bands 4. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. ? ragtime 4. 3. X cook on a stove 3.
? create three-dimensional models 3. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. ? were an industrious. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2. X density 3. :-) were a highly developed people 4. ? less often than any other planet 4. ? antelope and rabbits 2. ? fruit 3. ? computer graphics 4. X were not a seafaring people 3. X acorns 32. ? grains 2. ? geologists 2.15. X fields 2. :-) amateur astronomers 3. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. X were not artistic in nature 2. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. X create graphs 2. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. X is made of floating gases 4. The author's tone in this passage is 1. :-) A description of Chumash life 28. The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. ? argumentative 16. X make cartographic materials 4. architects use CAD to 1. :-) Computer graphics applications 21. X making cost models 2. The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1. :-) shells 3. inventive people 29. :-) plant foods 3. ? mathematicians 18. :-) willow poles 4. X wooden beads 4. X computers 3. X will become brighter with time 3. X surface area 20. The word "applications" in bold means 1. It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. X ecological systems 3. ? every several months 17. X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. X brilliance 4. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. According to the passage. ? lived very primitively 30. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. ? layers 27. X Lines 12-14 4. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. X creativity 4. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. ? Lines 4-6 2. engineers use CAD for 1. X cost models 4. ? students of anthropology 4. Mars outshines Jupiter 1. According to the passage. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. ? tools 33. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. According to the passage. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. X were a localized tribe 3. X currency and government 4. :-) rendering machine parts 4. This passage would be of most interest to 1. :-) will one day vanish 2. X canoes 2. ? supportive 2. X computer science 22. X on a regular basis 3. ? enthusiastic 4. X advertising 3. ? nutrition 2. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. ? jobs 2. ? leather 31. :-) uses 3. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. X Lines 16-18 3. ? Routine uses of computers 2. :-) Lines 7-9 25. :-) computer animation 3. X inspect buildings 24. 26. :-) from time to time 2. ? will continue expanding 19. According to the passage. The Chumash currency was represented by 1. X fish 4. :-) anthropology . The author implies that the Chumash 1. ? visibility 2. X flight training 2. :-) neutral 3.