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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
4. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. chowders curries. Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. and with concentrated study and practice. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world. pigs. single or repeated. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific. 4. corned beef. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. seasoned with coconut. and cooked. 2. pipkaula (jerked beef). Calls are normally simple notes. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests. Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. the whalers and missionaries introduced stews." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. yams. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. 3. All songs and most calls are distinctive. coconut. bananas. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. In fact. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. and Indian and cornstarch puddings. lomi lumi salmon. Japan. 2. In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). . The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki. the first distinctly American culture took I—m. The Chinese brought rice. In the early 1800s. 3. X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. Most likely. and chickens. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. or novel. ? In the early 1800s. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. 2. during the Cretaceous period. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. or other birds of the same species. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. among many other foods. 1. as American . 3. building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. offspring. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land. were like giant club mosses. salt salmon. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. The romance. taro. ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. the earliest "trees. soybeans. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. dried beef.
? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. ? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. meaningful. X At. (4). :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world. 4. (6). and ideal liable. and polar bears. 4. 2. the nation expanded. Question 1 . X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. (2). 1996 and 2000. (7). novelists began writing about the American frontier. What is the main subject of the passage? 1. 1980 and 1992. The United States has many sport events for women. 1. X The Richter scale was invented in California. 3. incidentally. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. 3. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. 4. winning gold in 1976. 4. X In their novels. (3). whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future.4. 3. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. 4. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. What is the main theme in the passage? 1. 1988. In 1976. ? Remarkably. ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. 3. 2. 2. 4.000 miles of railroad track were laid. 4. 3. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. winning gold medals in 1984. ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes. 3. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. who brought their native foods with them. but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904.2 (1). 2. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. 9. 3. 2. 5. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. 4. X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. (8). basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. 6. In 1936. X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. (5). The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. women's basketball was added to the program. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. ice. 2. Text 1. 10. 7. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. but the US women have now surpassed them. . hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. 8. :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. 3. was the Buffalo German club. The winning team. 2. which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. 2.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. how spending patterns effect other categories. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation. or altering (14) …… behavior. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next.. often leading new directions for brands. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style. In some cases. others may have very little embellishment. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. this art was in contact with shamanism. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting. it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. one for the mouth. marketing. for example. Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. T-shirts. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. two holes for the eyes. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. with 43. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border). and in many cases. healing. Currently. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. . Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. fleeing. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. patina and carving their African. Indonesian or American counterparts. designs. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. In many ways. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes. (10) …. distribution. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. such as cessation of foraging. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. Owing to social. after defeating the shamanic traditions. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. In these last two cases. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. Despite this lack of knowledge.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. It is therefore difficult. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules.
X reproducible 5. ? An announcement board 4. ? disturb 2. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. ? A popular magazine. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. What is the topic of the text? 1. 3. ? until 2. 1. :-) banned 5. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. 2. ? 4 4. ? contemporary 4. ? disturbance 2. 1. ? Kathmandu valley 4. ? disturber 3. :-) prehistoric 9. :-) whether 3. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people. X In 1904. ? reproducing 2. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. 5. From the text we can conclude that …. 1. :-) disturbing 13. X 7 3. ? An advertisement 5. ? Northern Himalayas 7. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. 4. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. ? disturbingly 4. 1. ? although 14. X Since 2. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. 4.1. 2. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number …. 1. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. 2. ? Whenever 4. ? denied 12. 1. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. 10. 3. :-) While 11. ? prevailing 5. ? cheap 3. ? blocked 3. 5. 4. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. The above text is probably found in …. ? disturb 5. :-) Nepal 5. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. ? 2 2. 1. ? 8 5. 1.. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5. 2. 8. X Until 3. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. 2. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. 3. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. Fibers made of glass .. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. 1. ? rejected 4. ? A newspaper editorial. ? reproduction 3. ? reproduce 4. :-) A journal article. ? Terai 2. 1. :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3. 5. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. ? Before 5. :-) 6 3. What is the best title for the above text? 1.. ? tedious 2. ? that 4.
Beneath the sea a long. pressed down the entire land mass beneath.001 centimeter. each 0. on which was deposited the mud. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. . and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. Turning to her life-long dream. Tan felt a sense of completeness." and then a second. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. In the shallow water of the shelf. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. called a faceplate. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. skin tissue. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. was not satisfied despite her material success. Tan. and blood cells. "End game. expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. or 10 microns. Meanwhile. Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices. Tan's parents. sand. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. and bays. the best selling Joy Luck Club. The weight of the glaciers. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands. excel academically. Returning from China. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. Questions 7-14 Amy Tan. in diameter. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards. fjords. especially on long summer days. It has been translated into 17 languages. rebelled against her parents' expectations. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. Tan. they can transmit images. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. like many immigrants. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. however. It was a resounding success. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. and other small fish. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. In the medical field. At the receiving end. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth. and was made into a movie in 1993. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. "Waiting between the Trees. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. gentle underwater slope formed. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf.000 fibers. including Chinese. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. For certain uses. in some places for hundreds of miles. she wrote her first short story. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. however. herring. the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick.
? Lines 18-20 2. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. 3. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows. X Lines 21-266. ? will play a major role in the information age 4. They are primarily vegetarians. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1.000 2. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. of longevity. snakes. ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. The Constitution. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs. feeding on grass and leaves.000 3. The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. 1. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. properly called tortoises. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals. The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . X impossible to climb 4. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico. :-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. Berlandier's tortoise. X 1. :-) hard to reach 2.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. ? 750. X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7.000 4. such as frogs. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1. Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1. as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. X 500. The word inaccessible means 1. X homes and businesses of the future 4. Gopherus. ? Lines 2-10 6. the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. Of these. including the three gopher tortoises. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. legislative and judicial. The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years. ? difficult to find 3. X 25. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5. are the land turtles.000. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive.34 Living on land. and burrowing owls. 1. and of persistence. Questions 29 . X have reached the peak of their development 2. however. :-) Lines 12-13 4.006 3. The head can be entirely withdrawn. a veritable work of genius.
X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. :-) business writer 4. 17. ? imperceptible According to the passage. 23. 10. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4. X excelling academically 4. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. Amy Tan was a successful 1. 2. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4. 11. :-) highly respected 3. 20. the greatest abundance? 1. X share power with the federal government 3. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. ? not original 2. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. X state officials 3. X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . ? Earthquakes 4. ? Glaciers 2. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. ? common 2. 14. ? Winter 4. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. ? was disappointing 3. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4. :-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. X writing 3. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. X national matters 4. ? common 4. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. X national and federal government 2. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. :-) Summer 2. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. 19. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. 21. X Autum 3. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. 15. X publisher 3. 2. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. :-) not equaled 3. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. :-) questioning tradition 3.8. X speaking perfect English 2. ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. ? Volcanic eruptions 3. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. ? support the Constitution 2. 12. ? neurosurgeon 2. 22. 9. 18. X protect minority rights 4. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. X rivaled 4. at what time of year are diatoms ii. 13. X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. ? the states According to the passage. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. :-) Joy Luck Club 2.
X prickly pear cactus 3. ? Line 14 3. while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. X balance 3. ? Line 21 4. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. ? snails 4. The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody. 29. X enhance 4. With its syncopations. ? tortoises 4. ? burrowing animals 3. The word "their" refers to 1.24. ragtime songs. 4. X feet 32. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE. and piano style. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. 30. developed primarily by black pianists. ? They have retracting limbs. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. 31. player pianos. ? enhanced 34. X minority issues 2. X scales 2. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. :-) grass and leaves 4. ? snakes 33. and each section is 16 bars in length. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. :-) water turtles 2. X limbs 3. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. X public housing 3." was published in 1899. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. "Maple Leaf Rag. About three minutes long. ? social science 4. but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. 1. :-) change 2. 27. :-) Line 16 2. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. ? disapproval 2. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. X contained 4. known as the "King of Ragtime. 11. ? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. duple meter (2/4. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. ? indifference 4. steady beat. ? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1. 2. X restricted 3. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. X The symbolism associated with tortoises. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. . . and arrangements for dance and marching bands. 3. 26. X added 2. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. in march tempo. ? frogs 2. 28. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. ? humor 3. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. The opening melody. 25. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form." whose most famous piano piece. ? They have long lives.
spacecraft. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. and ultimately its greatest use. computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. One of the initial uses of computer graphics. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. around 1900. At its greatest extent it may be 40. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. art. scientific. charts. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. publishing. aerospace. However. where it is used in advertising. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful. Ventura. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. including elk. this does not present a problem. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. where it is used to create graphs. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. statistical. and several types of canoes. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. and at times it has been invisible. who reduced their population to the point at which. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. However. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. and it may not be permanent. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. and economic data. has been as an aid to design. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas. training. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. which is achieved by a sequential process. and cost models to summarize financial. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted.000 kilometers long and 14. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. As an educational aid. the plains bison and the woodland bison. bows. particularly for computer animation. . One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. From the trees. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. and film productions. industry. create a three-dimensional model. they used wood to make bowls. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. Architects can design a building layout. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will.Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. and Medicine. government. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). but it always returns after a few years. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. research. mathematical. Automobile. education. Santa Barbara. however. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow.000 kilometers wide. it drifts about in longitude. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics.
? Behind trees 4. ? the endangered grizzly of North . ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. 3. 4. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. X Social Studies 4. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. :-) Music Appreciation 3. baskets. beads. X national parks of North America 4. 1.000 to 30. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. Their most important food source was the acorn. ? sheet music 3. 11. This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. a field for game playing. ? unmoving 7. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4. X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2. nets. ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. X never changing 2. 13. who bartered for Chumash hides. 1. ? compare ragtime and jazz 3. headdresses. Which of the following is NOT. ? move about According to the passage.antelope. and economic ties. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. roots. and bulbs. rabbits. ? In caves 2. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. and canoes. X the diversity of climates in America 3. characteristic of ragtime? 1. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. X arrangements for marching bands 4. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. According to the passage. leather. tools. The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1. Plants were also used to make medicines. X African-American history 2. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. ? Art History 6. 4. 12. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20. 2. X melodic phrase 2. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1. 14. utensils. :-) a melodic phrase 4. 9. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. and one or more sweatlodges. :-) Fast march tempo 2. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes. X Bison will eventually be extinct. X cook on a stove 3. 10. :-) plains bison 4. seeds. from which they made flour. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . X humans 3. each with one or more granaries. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. X attached to the ground 4. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4. X drive a long distance 2. political. a burial ground. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. ? ragtime 4. leaves. X bison were native to a limited territory. :-) derived from 3. X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3. 2. including flowers. deer. ? The bison population can be controlled. a ceremonial dance ground. ? numbers 2. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. X player pianos 3. ? march tempo 4.America According to the passage. and squirrels. X show how ragtime is arranged 2.000 people. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods. X syncopated melody 2. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2. grains. X surround 4. fruit. 3.
X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. The Chumash currency was represented by 1. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. :-) willow poles 4. :-) shells 3. X computers 3. ? supportive 2. :-) uses 3. ? were an industrious. ? visibility 2. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. engineers use CAD for 1. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. ? geologists 2. It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. :-) from time to time 2. :-) computer animation 3. ? less often than any other planet 4. The author implies that the Chumash 1. X is made of floating gases 4. ? computer graphics 4. According to the passage. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. X were not a seafaring people 3. According to the passage. architects use CAD to 1. X acorns 32. X ecological systems 3. X create graphs 2. X computer science 22. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. ? every several months 17. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. ? antelope and rabbits 2. ? jobs 2. X fish 4. ? grains 2. :-) anthropology . The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. X making cost models 2. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. ? leather 31. Mars outshines Jupiter 1. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. X make cartographic materials 4. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2. 26. X fields 2. X advertising 3. ? students of anthropology 4. X inspect buildings 24.15. ? mathematicians 18. X currency and government 4. X were a localized tribe 3. ? lived very primitively 30. :-) rendering machine parts 4. X Lines 12-14 4. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. :-) amateur astronomers 3. X density 3. X creativity 4. ? enthusiastic 4. ? argumentative 16. The author's tone in this passage is 1. ? create three-dimensional models 3. ? nutrition 2. X wooden beads 4. :-) were a highly developed people 4. inventive people 29. ? will continue expanding 19. :-) plant foods 3. ? layers 27. X cost models 4. According to the passage. ? tools 33. X will become brighter with time 3. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. ? fruit 3. X canoes 2. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. :-) A description of Chumash life 28. ? Lines 4-6 2. X brilliance 4. The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1. The word "applications" in bold means 1. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. According to the passage. This passage would be of most interest to 1. :-) will one day vanish 2. :-) neutral 3. X on a regular basis 3. ? Routine uses of computers 2. X surface area 20. X were not artistic in nature 2. X Lines 16-18 3. :-) Computer graphics applications 21. X flight training 2. :-) Lines 7-9 25.
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