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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
3. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. All songs and most calls are distinctive. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. as American . lomi lumi salmon. The Chinese brought rice. ? In the early 1800s. the first distinctly American culture took I—m. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. corned beef. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). salt salmon. The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. bananas. Calls are normally simple notes. building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. yams. In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. Japan. during the Cretaceous period. ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person. the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. or other birds of the same species. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. and chickens. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. or novel. By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. were like giant club mosses. In the early 1800s. The romance. 4. . :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. chowders curries. 1. In fact. and cooked. among many other foods. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). seasoned with coconut. taro. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. single or repeated." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. 2. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. 3. 3. X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes. coconut. 2. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. the earliest "trees. 4. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. dried beef. offspring. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests. soybeans. bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. pigs. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific. 2. and Indian and cornstarch puddings. pipkaula (jerked beef). and with concentrated study and practice. Most likely. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world. the whalers and missionaries introduced stews.
In 1936. 7. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. 1980 and 1992. 2. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. who brought their native foods with them. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. ? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. 9. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future. 3. (6). Question 1 . and polar bears. 4. 4. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904. In 1976. winning gold medals in 1984. 3. but the US women have now surpassed them. 3. 2. hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. (8). What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. 3. winning gold in 1976. X At. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. 4. 4. ice. (3). 6. 2. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. ? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. The United States has many sport events for women. ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes. and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. 2. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. (5). X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. and ideal liable. 5. incidentally. 10. meaningful. Text 1. What is the main subject of the passage? 1. X In their novels. 4. ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. 1988. (4). X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. 2. 3. 2. 2.2 (1). What is the main idea of the passage? 1. . women's basketball was added to the program. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. 8.4. the nation expanded. novelists began writing about the American frontier. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. ? Remarkably. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. 4. 3. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. 4. :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. (2). What is the main theme in the passage? 1. :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. 2. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. 1996 and 2000. 1. X The Richter scale was invented in California. :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world.000 miles of railroad track were laid. 3. (7). 4. The winning team. X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. 3. X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. was the Buffalo German club. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia.
It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. healing. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. In many ways. Currently.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. patina and carving their African. fleeing. distribution. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. such as cessation of foraging. . with 43. but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. Owing to social. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. It is therefore difficult. two holes for the eyes. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. how spending patterns effect other categories. designs. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians.. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. (10) …. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules. marketing.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). or altering (14) …… behavior. others may have very little embellishment. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. In some cases. Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. one for the mouth. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border). the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next. for example. T-shirts. after defeating the shamanic traditions. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes. Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. often leading new directions for brands. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities. and in many cases. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style. this art was in contact with shamanism. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. Despite this lack of knowledge. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. In these last two cases. Indonesian or American counterparts. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking.
:-) A journal article. X 7 3. ? Kathmandu valley 4. ? reproducing 2. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. 2. 1. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. What is the topic of the text? 1. 8. :-) While 11. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. From the text we can conclude that …. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. ? that 4. 3. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples. ? disturb 2. X Since 2. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number …. 1. ? blocked 3. 5. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. ? 8 5. 4. :-) disturbing 13. 1. ? disturbance 2. ? disturb 5.. Fibers made of glass . 4. ? denied 12. X reproducible 5. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. :-) banned 5. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. 1. 2. ? contemporary 4. :-) whether 3.1. ? Before 5. :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3. 1. 1. ? 4 4. 10. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA. 5. 3. :-) Nepal 5. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. :-) prehistoric 9.. ? tedious 2. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. 4. ? A popular magazine. 1. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. :-) 6 3. X In 1904. ? prevailing 5. X Until 3. 2. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. ? until 2. The above text is probably found in …. ? An announcement board 4. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5. 2. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. What is the best title for the above text? 1. ? although 14. 1. ? disturbingly 4. ? rejected 4. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. ? reproduce 4. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. ? cheap 3. 5. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. ? Whenever 4. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. ? Terai 2. ? 2 2. ? Northern Himalayas 7. 1. 3. ? reproduction 3.. ? disturber 3. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. ? An advertisement 5. 1. 2. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. ? A newspaper editorial.
Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. It was a resounding success. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. called a faceplate. "End game. In the medical field. pressed down the entire land mass beneath.001 centimeter. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. Meanwhile. . each 0. and was made into a movie in 1993. in diameter. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. Beneath the sea a long. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. The weight of the glaciers. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. Turning to her life-long dream." and then a second. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. rebelled against her parents' expectations. At the receiving end. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. and other small fish. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf. however. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast. fjords. the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns. was not satisfied despite her material success. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. Questions 7-14 Amy Tan. excel academically. Tan. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. Returning from China. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. For certain uses. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. Tan felt a sense of completeness. skin tissue. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled. in some places for hundreds of miles. gentle underwater slope formed. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. like many immigrants. especially on long summer days. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. or 10 microns. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. the best selling Joy Luck Club. "Waiting between the Trees. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. In the shallow water of the shelf. Tan. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices. on which was deposited the mud. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list. and blood cells. Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. they can transmit images.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer. she wrote her first short story. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth. however.000 fibers. sand. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards. Tan's parents. including Chinese. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. herring. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands. It has been translated into 17 languages. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward. and bays. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters.
on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. Gopherus. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law.34 Living on land. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority. feeding on grass and leaves. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. snakes.000. the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. and of persistence. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government. are the land turtles. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows.000 2. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1. ? 750. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . ? Lines 18-20 2. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals. X Lines 21-266. :-) Lines 12-13 4. The word inaccessible means 1. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms.000 4. X 1. X have reached the peak of their development 2. ? will play a major role in the information age 4. 1. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. Of these. The Constitution. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. :-) hard to reach 2. X homes and businesses of the future 4. Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. however. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. properly called tortoises. a veritable work of genius. The head can be entirely withdrawn. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5. X 500.006 3. The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1. The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. 1. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns. including the three gopher tortoises. of longevity. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. X impossible to climb 4. X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7. and burrowing owls. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive. Berlandier's tortoise. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement.000 3. They are primarily vegetarians. legislative and judicial. X 25. ? Lines 2-10 6. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico. The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. such as frogs. ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3. ? difficult to find 3. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. 3. Questions 29 . In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years. :-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs.
X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. 20. 10. ? common 4. ? neurosurgeon 2. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. X national matters 4. ? common 2. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. 23. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. 18. X rivaled 4. at what time of year are diatoms ii. 22. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. X national and federal government 2. :-) questioning tradition 3. X excelling academically 4. 13. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. 15. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. ? was disappointing 3. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. X share power with the federal government 3. X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. ? imperceptible According to the passage.8. 12. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. 2. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. :-) not equaled 3. X state officials 3. ? not original 2. :-) business writer 4. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. ? Winter 4. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. 21. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. ? Glaciers 2. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. ? the states According to the passage. X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. 14. Amy Tan was a successful 1. 17. :-) highly respected 3. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. ? support the Constitution 2. 2. :-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. X Autum 3. X speaking perfect English 2. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. :-) Summer 2. X writing 3. 9. 11. ? Volcanic eruptions 3. 19. :-) Joy Luck Club 2. X publisher 3. ? Earthquakes 4. the greatest abundance? 1. X protect minority rights 4. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4.
? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. ? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1. ? frogs 2. :-) change 2. 27. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. X public housing 3. "Maple Leaf Rag. 29. X feet 32. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. The word "their" refers to 1. 31. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime. steady beat. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. ? Line 21 4. developed primarily by black pianists. The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody. . while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. ? Line 14 3. X The symbolism associated with tortoises." was published in 1899. ? humor 3. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. ? indifference 4. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. :-) grass and leaves 4. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations. ragtime songs. ? snails 4. X scales 2. ? disapproval 2. in march tempo. and piano style. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. X balance 3. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. The opening melody. ? They have long lives. X prickly pear cactus 3. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE.24. 28. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. duple meter (2/4. ? They have retracting limbs. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. ? social science 4. With its syncopations. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. . 30. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. :-) Line 16 2. X minority issues 2. 1." whose most famous piano piece. ? enhanced 34. ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1. ? snakes 33. X added 2. 25. X contained 4. 3. X restricted 3. 26. :-) water turtles 2. known as the "King of Ragtime. 2. X limbs 3. 4. 11. X enhance 4. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. and arrangements for dance and marching bands. ? tortoises 4. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form. player pianos. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. ? burrowing animals 3. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. About three minutes long. and each section is 16 bars in length.
particularly for computer animation. Architects can design a building layout. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. they used wood to make bowls. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials.Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. At its greatest extent it may be 40. scientific. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. publishing. and cost models to summarize financial. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. and several types of canoes. and film productions. Automobile.000 kilometers wide. training. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful.000 kilometers long and 14. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. and economic data. and it may not be permanent. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. and at times it has been invisible. mathematical. However. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. where it is used to create graphs. . Santa Barbara. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. art. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. it drifts about in longitude. As an educational aid. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. this does not present a problem. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. including elk. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. create a three-dimensional model. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. statistical. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. spacecraft. Ventura. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will. education. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. however. but it always returns after a few years. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. research. and Medicine. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. government. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures. From the trees. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. has been as an aid to design. around 1900. bows. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas. aerospace. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. who reduced their population to the point at which. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. which is achieved by a sequential process. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. and ultimately its greatest use. industry. charts. One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. However. the plains bison and the woodland bison. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow. where it is used in advertising. One of the initial uses of computer graphics.
2. baskets. 3. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1. :-) plains bison 4. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. seeds. a field for game playing. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. X African-American history 2. This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. X drive a long distance 2. leather. tools.antelope. grains. and canoes. ? compare ragtime and jazz 3. X Social Studies 4. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. 1. ? the endangered grizzly of North . The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1. 10. X cook on a stove 3. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. ? Art History 6. :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4. :-) Music Appreciation 3. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. 4. ? unmoving 7. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3.000 to 30. X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2. X never changing 2. 12. ? numbers 2. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. rabbits. who bartered for Chumash hides. :-) derived from 3. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. leaves. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1.America According to the passage. nets. each with one or more granaries. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. characteristic of ragtime? 1. a ceremonial dance ground. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . X attached to the ground 4. ? march tempo 4. X bison were native to a limited territory. and economic ties. and one or more sweatlodges. X the diversity of climates in America 3. X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3. X player pianos 3. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. ? In caves 2. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. 14. Which of the following is NOT. 2. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. X Bison will eventually be extinct. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4.000 people. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2. :-) Fast march tempo 2. 4. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. 11. X surround 4. X humans 3. X melodic phrase 2. 1. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. ? ragtime 4. :-) a melodic phrase 4. X syncopated melody 2. ? sheet music 3. headdresses. X show how ragtime is arranged 2. deer. 3. 13. and squirrels. ? move about According to the passage. According to the passage. Plants were also used to make medicines. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. roots. X national parks of North America 4. including flowers. ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. from which they made flour. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. Their most important food source was the acorn. a burial ground. and bulbs. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. X arrangements for marching bands 4. ? The bison population can be controlled. utensils. 9. ? Behind trees 4. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. fruit. political. beads. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20.
engineers use CAD for 1. X surface area 20. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. According to the passage. :-) anthropology .15. :-) Lines 7-9 25. Mars outshines Jupiter 1. The author's tone in this passage is 1. X on a regular basis 3. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. X Lines 16-18 3. :-) from time to time 2. ? students of anthropology 4. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. ? geologists 2. ? Routine uses of computers 2. The word "applications" in bold means 1. X computer science 22. X ecological systems 3. X is made of floating gases 4. ? argumentative 16. X computers 3. X brilliance 4. ? computer graphics 4. :-) will one day vanish 2. X will become brighter with time 3. ? create three-dimensional models 3. X creativity 4. :-) willow poles 4. X make cartographic materials 4. :-) plant foods 3. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. :-) rendering machine parts 4. The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1. ? grains 2. X canoes 2. 26. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. :-) amateur astronomers 3. ? mathematicians 18. X wooden beads 4. ? nutrition 2. ? visibility 2. X fields 2. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. X were not artistic in nature 2. ? less often than any other planet 4. X making cost models 2. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. :-) Computer graphics applications 21. ? leather 31. :-) A description of Chumash life 28. X inspect buildings 24. :-) shells 3. ? layers 27. ? will continue expanding 19. ? enthusiastic 4. X create graphs 2. :-) computer animation 3. X currency and government 4. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. X Lines 12-14 4. ? lived very primitively 30. :-) were a highly developed people 4. ? tools 33. X cost models 4. X were a localized tribe 3. This passage would be of most interest to 1. X acorns 32. architects use CAD to 1. The author implies that the Chumash 1. X flight training 2. :-) neutral 3. ? Lines 4-6 2. The Chumash currency was represented by 1. ? fruit 3. X advertising 3. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. X were not a seafaring people 3. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. X density 3. ? jobs 2. ? were an industrious. :-) uses 3. According to the passage. inventive people 29. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. According to the passage. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2. According to the passage. ? supportive 2. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. ? antelope and rabbits 2. X fish 4. ? every several months 17.
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