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Question 1 Strictly speaking, cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. The explorers and surveyors go out and make the measurements and gather the information from which the cartographers draw their maps. Sometimes the fieldwork and the creation of the map are done by the same person. But when the scope is broad and the sources of information many, maps are more often a compilation of that information. They represent the accumulated work of many people, brought together under the supervision of one person. the compiler. The value of the map depends, of course, on the expertise of the compiler, who must sift through available information, select the most accurate data, and come up with a thoughtful and accurate synthesis of the geographic knowledge of the region. Question 2 In the 1820s and 1830s American painting added a new chapter to the story of its development. Until the nineteenth century, portraiture and occasional historical pieces were the only concerns of American art, but throughout the 1800s some of America's most talented painters chose to depict landscapes and the daily activities of ordinary people. With the nation's declaration of independence had come prosperity and with it the opportunity and inclination for painters to contemplate their environment. As they traveled beyond the early settlements and left the nation's first cities, such as Boston and Philadelphia, they began to experience and appreciate the pristine beauty of the American scenery, which differed greatly from the European landscape, partly because in its unsettled state it appeared wild and primeval. Question 3 Speculation about the earth's crust has a special edge of urgency in California, which sits on the San Andreas fault, the world's most famous and respected fracture zone. Not surprisingly, it was a scientist at the California Institute of Technology, Charles F. Richter, who invented the Richter scale used to measure earthquakes. Seismic activity in California is being constantly monitored and mapped. Seismometers register many thousands of small earthquakes every year, and computers instantly calculate the location, depth, and magnitude of an earthquake. Laser distance-ranging networks can detect changes of length, indicating change in crustal stress, accurate to about half an inch in 20 miles. Satellite measurements of crustal blocks are improving, and California seismologists believe they may in time be precise enough to allow earthquake prediction.
Question 4 The first expedition down the Colorado River was made by John Wesley Powell and his party in 1869. Powell had made long trips down the Ohio and the Mississippi and its tributaries during his twenties, when his lifelong interest in natural history developed. In 1867 he led his first expedition to the Rockies, a collecting trip for the museum he had founded in Illinois. While on Pike's Peak, -near Colorado Springs, Powell conceived his great plan to explore the Colorado River. On May 24, 1869, he and his party set off down the upper Colorado and nothing was heard from them for 37 days. During that time Powell and party braved uncharted territory, encounters with the natives, fierce rapids, and 20-foot waterfalls, as they followed the Colorado through the Grand Canyon to the Gulf of California. Question 5 Innovations in transportation in the 1800s permitted space to be traversed more rapidly and were crucial to the industrial expansion of the North. The great spaces that separated producers from consumers made speed essential, especially in the movement of perishable freight. The development of the steampowered locomotive in the 1830s and the rapid extension of the railways in the 1840s and 1850s provided the answer to the need for faster transport and dramatically altered patterns of economic development throughout the United States. In 1830 there were 32 miles of rails in the country, in 1840 there were 2,818 miles, and by 1850 there were more than 9,000 miles. The rapid extension of rail mileage enabled the railroads significantly to reduce their costs for shipping freight and carrying passengers, thus enabling them to price their services more cheaply and competitively. The extension of trunk lines, into which short or local lines fed, further tightened the east-west flow of commerce and bound the Northeast and the old Northwest together with bands of steel. Question 6 The few places left on earth that have not been altered by humankind are almost invariably hostile to humans. One such place is the Alaskan Arctic, which is inhabited, where inhabited at all, by only a scattering of Eskimos, Native Americans, and whites. But while the Arctic is indeed a chill and inimical realm of snow, ice, and polar bears, it is also a region of great beauty and, above all, purity, where plants and animals still exist undisturbed in a state of natural balance. Nearly one-third of Alaska lies north of the Arctic Circle and consists of pristine land. The Brooks Range cuts across the region like a wall, making access difficult. Even today, in an age of jet travel, the number of persons, who have had firsthand experience in the Alaskan Arctic remains small, and countless valleys and mountains go unnamed and even unexplored.
soybeans. dried beef. The forerunners of modern conifers were on the scene 300 million years ago. and cooked. provided a useful form for dealing with the Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers (1823) and The Deerslayer (1841). seed-bearing trees had evolved that shed their leaves in winter. corned beef. X Computers provide a variety of information about earthquakes. vocalized by males and females in all seasons to express alarm or maintain contact with mates. coconut. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. pipkaula (jerked beef). Nathaniel Hawthorne dealt with equally difficult questions of inner limits and the individual's responsibilities to society in The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851). In the late nineteenth century immigrants from China. X The compiler's task is more important than that of the explorers and surveyors. Settlers from the continental United States also brought their favorite recipes and in the spirit of aloha. during the Cretaceous period. The romance.Question 7 In the first half of the nineteenth century. 1. The theme of the individual confronting nature was further developed by Herman Melville in the classic novel Moby Dick (1851). salt salmon. chronicling the advance of "civilization" and questioning the implications of its impact on the natural world. seasoned with coconut. lomi lumi salmon. Thus a Hawaiian feast is a gastronomic experience. Question 9 Birds have two basic types of sounds: songs and calls. X Not all of the information initially compiled for maps is accurate. Hawaiian food was eaten raw or wrapped in taro leaves. were like giant club mosses. They lacked true roots and consisted of a tangle of specialized branches that clambered over rocky ground. By the time the dinosaurs roamed the earth some 180 million years ago. The rise of an American tradition in literature paralleled the expansion of the nation. 2. The Japanese brought sukiyaki and teriyaki. Question 10 Hawaii was originally settled by the natives of the South Pacific. The primitive forests of several hundred million years ago consisted of fewer kinds of trees. and with concentrated study and practice. 4. offspring. building the tremendous coal and oil reserves so important today. landscapes were produced in preference to portraits and historical pieces. 3. X An increase in travel in America led to an appreciation of the beauty of the American landscape. the earliest "trees." which grew nearly 500 million years ago. taro. when plant life abundantly colonized marshy land. the first distinctly American culture took I—m.writers began to look within themselves and across their enlarged continental homeland for their subjects and themes. bird watchers can learn to identify many birds by their sounds and to call them as well. and chickens. pigs. Fifty million years later came the dense forests of tree ferns that prevailed in tropical climates of that era. 4. and Indian and cornstarch puddings. Japan. All songs and most calls are distinctive. In fact. ? Maps are the product of a group effort brought together usually by one person. who arrived in the islands in canoes laden with breadfruit. Supplementing these foods were over a hundred different edible fishes and 4C kinds of seaweed from the surrounding waters. The Chinese brought rice. among many other foods. X The definition of cartography is the drawing or compiling of maps. Songs are usually more complex than calls and are utilized primarily by adult males during the breeding season to establish territories or attract mates. 2. Most likely. and Korea were brought to Hawaii to work the sugar plantations. many kinds of forests occupy the earth today. Natty Bumppo and the Mohican guide Chingachgook confronted the environment of the American frontier. In the early 1800s. yams. chowders curries. the Hawaiians have accepted each group's offerings and drawn the best from them. Question 8 Because different tree species adapted to different climates and soil types have evolved over millennia. the whalers and missionaries introduced stews. and haupia (coconut pudding) evolved during this period. ? America's declaration of independence brought prosperity to the nation and with it an appreciation of the outdoors. . 2. as American . single or repeated. or other birds of the same species. 3. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. or novel. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. 3. ? In the early 1800s. the essence of Hawaii and its many cultures. and vegetables and their ways of cooking them. bananas. Calls are normally simple notes. :-) Conditions ire the early 1800s were favorable to the emergence of the American landscape artist. from these have sprung the angiosperms and our present deciduous forests.
but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. ? Powell and his party faced daunting challenges on the first Colorado River expedition. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics. X Conifers are the oldest trees in today's forests. 3. What is the main idea expressed in the passage? 1. Text 1. :-) The ruggedness of the Alaskan Arctic makes it one of the last few remaining pristine areas in the world. X At. ? The natives of the South Pacific who first settled in Hawaii ate raw food. (2). The winning team. winning gold medals in 1984. Question 1 . 4. X People were concerned when nothing was heard from Powell and his party for over a month. winning gold in 1976. and polar bears. 4. novelists began writing about the American frontier. ? Sugar plantations were worked by immigrants from Asia. Basketball was on the Olympic program in 1904. 3. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. The United States has many sport events for women. 4. 3. :-) Hawaiian food is a combination of the foods of many peoples and a reflection of Hawaii's history. X The Alaskan Arctic is a beautifully pristine realm of snow. X Birds have their own language by which they maintain contact. ? Remarkably. 1988. X Earthquake prediction will be possible in the future. the nation expanded. (3). :-) Railroads had a profound effect on the economic development of the United States in the nineteenth century. was the Buffalo German club. 3. meaningful. What is the main topic of the passage? 1. parts of the Alaskan Arctic still remain unexplored. 6. X The Richter scale was invented in California. 4. X The predecessors of today's forests were giant club mosses and tree ferns. What is the main subject of the passage? 1. ? The first American literature took the form of novels that dealt with uniquely American themes. X Powell was inspired to explore the Colorado while on Pike's Peak. 2. 3. What is the main idea of the passage? 1. What is the main idea of the passage? ? The variety of trees in today's forests area result of millions of years of evolution. 1980 and 1992. whereas other immigrants cooked theirs. X Birdwatchers can identify many bird calls and their meanings and learn to mimic them as well. ? Whalers and missionaries introduced new kinds of foods to the people of Hawaii. ? Between 1830 and 185C over 8. 3. hat is the primary topic of the passage? 1. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side. 8. :-) Bird calls and songs are distinctive. 2. 9. X Powell was uniquely qualified to lead an expedition down the Colorado. ice. 4. X The individual versus nature was one of the main themes explored in early American literature. Melville and Hawthorne both addressed difficult questions facing Americans. 7. X In their novels. ? A great deal of attention is paid to earthquake activity in California. 2.4. 4. and ideal liable. (4). who brought their native foods with them. 3. but the US women have now surpassed them. In 1936. which was so dominant in those days that they were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team. 4. X Railroads provided an important link between the Northwest and the Northeast. ? Bird songs are complicated and used mainly by males to attract mates. X Railroads made the transportation of perishable freight possible. 2. 1996 and 2000. (6). In 1976. incidentally. ? The Alaskan Arctic is habitable only to arctic animals and a few hardy humans. What is the main theme in the passage? 1. 2. 3. (5).2 (1). (8).000 miles of railroad track were laid. X Climate affected the development of trees over millennia. women's basketball was added to the program. (7). 10. and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. 5. 2. 2. . 2. 4. 1.
patina and carving their African. Question 3-4 T-shirts represent one of the highest grossing markets in youth culture fashion. designs. it is possible that there is more than just an aesthetic similarity. In many ways. Himalayan tribal masks evoke by their shape. They can be reminiscent of Japanese jomon (cord pattern) terracotta masks dating from the second millennium BC. Mountain biking in particular is one of the fastest-growing outdoor activities. which makes this marketplace one of the most vital components towards understanding trends and market opportunities in youth culture in general. two holes for the eyes. and have more recently converted to Hinduism. even the launch of entirely new companies based on the success of a series of collections. or altering (14) …… behavior. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 3. Question 5-9 To focus attention on the so-called 'primitive' or tribal masks of the Himalayas is to adapt the eye to a completely different style than is generally expected in the West of Himalayan art. Indonesian or American counterparts. Some of the tribal masks represent vanished cults and deities that have been swept away by the conversion to another religion. and in many cases. Even when it was produced by a Buddhist or a Hindu. knowing what's going on in the subcultures of the T-shirt industry indicate where the marketplace is headed next. and several of the masks remain only as mute witnesses to a dead civilization. It is a mode of expression that reveals specific characteristics of the original spirit. mountain biking is (11) …… in all federal wilderness areas and on many other public lands. the objects are the products of ingenuous freshness and instinctive expressionism. and gives an idea of how Buddhism or Hinduism. it can nevertheless be a Buddhist or Hindu image from a remote village or a small temple. The ethnic groups that created the masks have undergone radical changes.. Disturbance from recreation may have both immediate and long-term effects on wildlife. the Middle Hills (with the exclusion of the Kathmandu valley) and the northern Himalayas. considering the number of existing ethnic groups. In these last two cases. such as cessation of foraging. others may have very little embellishment.3 million persons participating at least once in 2000 (USDA Forest Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2000). in part because it is assumed to be more (12) …… for wildlife than hiking.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Text 2. and they exhibit many different levels of technical ability. although the appearance of the sculpture is archaic . and sometimes they resemble those of Siberian shamans. Although some masks can be very sophisticated. after defeating the shamanic traditions. distribution. Question 10-14 Hiking and mountain biking are rapidly increasing in popularity as forms of outdoor recreation. healing. …researchers have examined the responses of wildlife to pedestrians. the Thakali of the upper KaliGandaki valley in western Nepal first converted from their shamanic religion to Buddhism. or of central Indian tribes such as the Bhugas who wore masks for divination before hunting ceremonies. laying a curse or killing into Tibetan Buddhist Cham dances. how spending patterns effect other categories. which are often less expensive than other forms of apparel play many roles when it comes to individuals style. this art was in contact with shamanism. The masks discussed in this article were all produced in Nepal by the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Terai (the low plains of the south along the Indian border). one for the mouth. As the execution of tribal masks was not often subject to canonical rules. beliefs and visions of the people who created the masks. Aesthetic interest in the objects themselves or astonishment at their shape and their mysterious beauty provokes questions as to what they mean and how they originated. and where cultural shifts within youth culture globally may take shape. . such as boar mask from a Buddhist village. transformed and even incorporated many of these rites. but only patient comparative studies will be able to determine the depth to which such a comparison can be carried. it is not known (13) …… wildlife respond differently to these activities. Inspiration for the masks often reflects the individual. for example. T-shirts. often leading new directions for brands. The immediate response of many animals to disturbance is a change in behavior. with 43. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Text 4. Owing to social. the artist being at liberty to express his fantasy. or are roughly carved with a few quick strokes. fleeing. the function of various masks has altered and evolved so that an old mask has sometimes been given a new meaning. It is therefore difficult. Supernatural forces are projected into a mask and the spectator gives it life and meaning. to ascertain exactly all the original purposes of these masks. It seems that making masks has its roots in prehistoric times. there is a lack of information on the responses of wildlife to mountain bikers. marketing. (10) …. Despite this lack of knowledge. political and religious changes over the last two centuries. The wearing of an animal mask or skin could originally have been used in magic rites for hunting. In some cases. Currently.
X 7 3. ? disturb 2.. 5. ? An advertisement 5. ? until 2. X The masks are priceless to the Himalayan people. 2. 4. 2. 8. :-) T-shirt is getting cheaper and cheaper 3. From the text we can conclude that …. 1. X reproducible 5. X The USA won all the Olympic medals until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. only a few American clubs participated in the basketball Olympic program. 5. Fibers made of glass . ? Before 5. ? Kali-Gandaki 3. ? denied 12. ? The youth and the T-shirt design 5. 1. ? The masks have been influenced by many religions and cultures. What is the best title for the above text? 1. :-) Tribal masks of the Himalayas 3. :-) prehistoric 9.. 3. ? The changes of T-shirt trends and design 4. ? reproduction 3. 2. The word archaic (in the first line of the last paragraph) can be best replaced by …. 1. ? contemporary 4. 4. The masks discussed in the text were made in …. ? disturbingly 4. :-) A journal article. :-) While 11. X The Olympic basketball program in 1904 was dominated by Amateur Athletic Union of the USA. ? Styles of the Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 4. X Since 2. 1. ? That is why T-shirt is so popular among the youth. ? The Origin of Himalayan Mask 5. 4. ? Aesthetic of Primitive Mask of the Himalayas 2. 3. 1. ? although 14. ? Whenever 4. ? cheap 3. ? 4 4. 1. :-) banned 5. ? A popular magazine. 5. ? prevailing 5. :-) disturbing 13. What is the topic of the text? 1. ? An announcement board 4. ? A newspaper editorial. :-) whether 3. X The masks are considered holly to the Himalayan people. The above text is probably found in ….. :-) 6 3. Which of the following is best for the last sentence of the paragraph? 1. The irrelevant sentence in the above text is sentence number …. ? T-shirt design is changing rapidly among the youth. ? reproducing 2. 2. ? reproduce 4. X The Buffalo German club won the first medal sport on the Olympic for basketball. 3. 1. :-) Nepal 5. 10. ? Kathmandu valley 4. ? disturbance 2. ? The first basketball program on the Olympic in 1904 was contested by only American club teams. ? disturb 5. ? Terai 2. 1. 1. X Until 3. ? The T-shirt industry and the youth subculture 4. ? Northern Himalayas 7. What is the main idea of the above text? 1. ? tedious 2. ? The West of Himalayan Art 6. ? rejected 4. ? that 4. ? 2 2. :-) reproductive Reading Texts Questions 1-6 Fiberscopes are one of the most important outcomes of the science of fiber optics. X The masks are still used for traditional ritual in Himalayan cultures. ? The T-shirt industry and the changes of design 2. 1. 2. X In 1904. ? blocked 3.1. :-) The T-shirt industry and the market opportunity 3. ? The T-shirt industries take advantage of the youth culture. ? disturber 3. ? 8 5. X The masks were made in the prehistoric times and were kept in temples.
Questions 15-20 Maine's jagged ribbon of rocky coastline wasfashioned over millennia by the violent forces of the inner earth. "End game.000 fibers. they can transmit images. however. pressed down the entire land mass beneath. Beneath the sea a long. the American-born daughter of Chinese immigrants. . The most common fiberscopes contain about 750. Diatoms are tiny plants that form the base of the oceanic food chain. physicians use fiberscopes to examine internal organs and as an aid in delicate surgeries. Tan felt a sense of completeness. skin tissue. in diameter. Meanwhile. Miniature probes have also been developed to view muscle fiber. and stony debris moved seaward from the continent by the glaciers and carried by rivers. expecting Amy and her two brothers to think like Chinese but to speak perfect English. Tan was surprised to learn that on the strength of her short stories she had received an advance from a publisher. Questions 7-14 Amy Tan." In 1987 Tan visited her half-sisters in China with her mother. like many immigrants. Tan's parents." and then a second. Tan closed her business and wrote the remaining stories for the Joy Luck Club. a trip that proved to be a turning point in her life and career. melting glaciers raised the sea level by 400 feet. estimated to have been between one and two miles thick. and other small fish. particularly to inspect or control operations in inaccessible areas. when their blooms carpet the ocean floor. in an exploration of the generational and cultural tensions experienced by many first-generation daughters of immigrants. and blood cells. For certain uses. In the shallow water of the shelf. scraping and chiseling the land's features as they passed on their way to the sea. and devoted herself to being thoroughly American and dreaming of being a fiction writer.and transparent acrylic plastic are capable of conveying light energy. fjords. which included such exalted professions as neurosurgery. which causes a transmitting laser to send coordinated pulses of light through the optical fibers. Ideal conditions for abundant marine life make the riches of the continental shelf unparalleled. This continental shelf falls gradually outward and downward. The sound of the voice is electronically broken down into thousands of pulses per second. "Waiting between the Trees. and was made into a movie in 1993. the light pulses are converted to electrical signals and the voice message is reconstructed. had high expectations for their children and often set confusing standards. and when thousands of these fibers are combined in what is called a fiberscope. Fiberscopes have also found varied uses in industry. In the medical field. called a faceplate. Bundles of fiberscopes fused together in a solid plate. she wrote her first short story. these minute plants receive the sunlight they need for photosynthesis. and take advantage of every circumstance that might lead to success. Huge glaciers also sculpted the coast. Returning from China. Turning to her life-long dream. which in turn are food for the larger fish that are part of the legendary abundance of the Northeast's continental shelf. on which was deposited the mud. however. a bonding with the country and its culture that she had never expected. and they All form the basis of the "electronic superhighway" expected to crisscross the nation in the near future of the information age. are being used in the manufacture of television picture tubes and other cathode-ray tube devices. Light-wave communication systems can handle an immensely greater number of telephone calls and television programs than the current system. Aided by the cold Labrador current which is saturated with oxygen and minerals. excel academically. was not satisfied despite her material success. to a depth of about 600 feet before dropping into the ocean's depth. This immense quantity of food supports vast shoals of shrimp. At the receiving end. gentle underwater slope formed.001 centimeter. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions lifted and crumbled plains to form mountains that again rose and fell as molten materials welled up in huge bulges that solidified into the granitic rocks typical of the Northeast. Tan. The sixteen interrelated stories that constitute the work alternate between the tales of four Chinese immigrant mothers and their Americanized daughters. well received by the critics and appearing on the New York Times bestseller list. in essence drowning the coast and forming thousands of islands. the shelf provides the perfect environment for diatoms. the diameter of the fiber may be as small as 5 microns. sand. The weight of the glaciers. Tan. including Chinese. Optical fibers carry voice messages for telephone service. Tan obtained a bachelor's degree in English and linguistics and a master's degree in linguistics and eventually established herself as a highly successful business writer. received the Commonwealth Club Gold Award in 190'9 for her first work of fiction. herring. each 0. The most far-reaching applications of fiber-optic technology are in communications. rebelled against her parents' expectations. It has been translated into 17 languages. in some places for hundreds of miles. Fiberscopes have a wide range of applications. It was a resounding success. especially on long summer days. the best selling Joy Luck Club. or 10 microns. and bays.
the elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. X have reached the peak of their development 2. 1. ? Lines 18-20 2. The Constitution. Questions 29 . The passage will most likely be followed by a discussion of 1. :-) By converting electrical signals to light pulses 4. feeding on grass and leaves. X will decrease in importance as they become more common 5. ? 750. 3. What is the author's main purpose in this passage? 1. of which there are approximately 40 different kinds. and state courts were required to recognize the Constitution and the laws and treaties made under it as the supreme law. and they are adapted to walking on land by their club-shaped feet. X Lines 21-266. X By using cathode-ray tube devices 3. such as frogs. is found in the southern United States as far west as New Mexico. a veritable work of genius. Gopher tortoises are so called because they dig long burrows. The head can be entirely withdrawn. In their powers to amend the Constitution and to elect the president and members of the Senate. which may be nearly 50 feet long and provide a hone for many other animals.34 Living on land. How do optical fibers carry voice messages? 1. X homes and businesses of the future 4. Their limbs are covered with hard scales that often have a bony core.000 2. ? the use of fiber optics in the electronic superhighway 3. X 1. on which the enlarged scales may be defensively augmented with still larger spines. greatly enhanced the power of central government but carefully divided its functions into three distinct branches—executive. X impossible to climb 4. State officials were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. Tortoises have become symbols of leisurely movement. a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and Mexico. They are primarily vegetarians. X have more uses in industry than in medicine 3. ? By fusing bundles of fiberscopes into a faceplate 2. All tortoises share the ability to live to a great age. Berlandier's tortoise. It can be inferred from the passage that fiberscopes 1. The hardscaled soles of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear.Questions 21-28 The United States Constitution established a political system comprising a national and federal government.000 3. X additional uses of fiberscopes in industry 7. properly called tortoises. X 25. is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus. 1. as in Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few forms. The national government created by the union of states stood above the state governments in specific national matters while acknowledging the role of the states or sharing power with them in other areas. ? will play a major role in the information age 4. :-) hard to reach 2. ? difficult to find 3. snakes.000 4. ? By sending coordinated electrical pulses through optical fibers 2. The principle of separation of powers was applied throughout the document. legislative and judicial.000. the states also gained a role in applying checks and balances. :-) Lines 12-13 4. X 500. of longevity. are the land turtles. including the three gopher tortoises. Where in the passage does the author discuss the uses of miniature probes in medicine? 1. Of these. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly closed by the retracted limbs. but the longest life of any tortoise of which there is an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands. The word inaccessible means 1. The true tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe. X To analyze Amy Tan's literary works . and of persistence. ? extremely smallhard to reach 4. however. whose age was known to be not less than 180 years. and burrowing owls. Carefully measured checks and balances were inserted to prevent the acquisition or concentration of power in any one branch and also for the purpose of protecting minority rights from the potential rule of the majority. Gopherus.006 3. Approximately how many fibers does a fiberscope contain? 1. ? Lines 2-10 6. X the structure of fiberscopes 2. The new federal system accommodated the 13 original state governments while establishing new bodies and powers designed to address national concerns.
:-) A cold current saturated with oxygen and minerals 2. X state officials 3. X To indicate the importance of natural disasters What are the "ideal conditions" the author is referring to? 1. ? The islands off the Maine coast 3. X The effect of the movement of ice sheets on the shape of the land 4. X recognize the Constitution as a work of genius The word "amend" could best be replaced by . ? Volcanic eruptions 3. X To criticize Amy Tan's rebellion against her parents 4. ? Spring The word "them" refers to 1. :-) Summer 2. ? Tan's parents understood her dilemma but wanted the best for her 4. ? Blooms carpeting the ocean floor 3. X Tan did not use personal experience in her writing 4. :-) questioning tradition 3. ? neurosurgeon 2. 23. X rivaled 4. ? was not surprising in the least The words "the work" refer to 1. X Autum 3. X Parents don't know what's best for their children 3. ? The riches of the continental shelf Which of the following is NOT mentioned as having affected the creation of Maine's rocky coastline? 1. ? not original 2. ? choosing an important profession It can be inferred from the passage that 1. 12. 11. 19. X speaking perfect English 2. ? Winter 4. ? common 2. ? To describe how the rising sea level covered the coastal land 4. ? the states According to the passage. X national matters 4. 18. :-) The formation and characteristics of the Northeast coast 16. Amy Tan's visit to China 1. X To show the devastating nature of glaciers 3. ? imperceptible According to the passage. X national and federal government 2. ? stories Before becoming a fiction writer. state officials were required to take an oath to 1. 14. X was a trip she had always dreamed of taking 2. 2. :-) It took Tan a while to summon the courage to pursue her dreams 3. :-) To present biographical information about Amy Tan 3. X Tan started writing fiction in order to make more money The word exalted means 1. Amy Tan was a successful 1. X Tan had always wanted to return to China 2. at what time of year are diatoms ii. :-) had a profound affect on her 4. ? support the Constitution 2. ? To support Amy Tan's decision to become a fiction writer According to the passage. ? was disappointing 3. X Tan always knew she was Chinese foremost and American only in her imagination 2. 10. X To support the notion that animal life was lost when the glaciers melted 2. ? Earthquakes 4. :-) Joy Luck Club 2. ? Ocean currents Why does the author use the phrase "in essence drowning the coast" to discuss the effects of melting glaciers? 1. 15. 20. 17. ? common 4. ? very difficult It can be concluded from this passage that 1. ? A 600-foot drop into the ocean's depth The word "unparalleled" means 1. ? Glaciers 2. ? Diatoms existing in the shallow water of the shelf 4. 13. X share power with the federal government 3. X writing 3. ? English teacher The expectations of Tan's parents included all of the following EXCEPT 1. :-) business writer 4. X protect minority rights 4. 22. X excelling academically 4. 2. 9. :-) highly respected 3. 21.8. :-) not equaled 3. X publisher 3. the greatest abundance? 1. ? Tan made the right decision when she closed her business With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. X Commonwealth Club Gold Award 4.
? The difference between the 40 different kinds of land turtles 3. ? intended above all to preserve the unity of the states What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 1. X minority issues 2. ? snakes 33. is a style of jazz characterized by an elaborately syncopated rhythm in the melody and a steadily accented accompaniment. :-) commendation It can be concluded from the passage that the authors of Constitution 1. developed primarily by black pianists. ? frogs 2. Gopher tortoises primarily eat 1. ? They have retracting limbs. ? social science 4. The word "their" refers to 1. ? owls Reading Test Questions 1-8 Ragtime." whose most famous piano piece. About three minutes long. it has the standard AA BB A CC DD form. :-) They are well adapted to water 2. Early jazz musicians often used ragtime melodies as introductions to their improvisations. is a style of composed piano music that was popular from the 1890s to about 1915. while the left hand steadily maintains the beat with an "oom-pah" accompaniment. "Maple Leaf Rag. 3. X To summarize the role of the Senate 4. ? They have long lives. in march tempo. :-) change 2. ? burrowing animals 3. X provided the states with the most power to govern 3. X enhance 4. . The pianist's right hand plays a highly syncopated melody. 1. player pianos. and each section is 16 bars in length. The opening melody. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. "Maple Leaf Rag" is a classic example of ragtime. 4. The passage preceding this one is probably about 1. ? Line 21 4. ragtime played an integral part in the jazz legacy. reaching millions on a national scale through sheet music. X To mention the roles of state officials in government 3. X contained 4. and arrangements for dance and marching bands. X prickly pear cactus 3. X added 2. or two beats per measure) performed at a moderate march tempo. . :-) Line 16 2. 28. X To persuade the state legislators to support the Constitution 2. 11. X feet 32. 25. 2. ? Their head can be entirely withdrawn into the shell. X public housing 3. Ragtime quickly gained popularity after its first appearances. ? snails 4. duple meter (2/4. ? Line 14 3. :-) wanted to avoid usurpation of power by any individual or body 2. With its syncopations. X balance 3.24. :-) political science Where in the passage does the author describe the three branches of government? 1. ? indifference 4. ? didn't believe that the state and federal branches of the government could work well together 4. 30. steady beat. A ragtime piece usually consists of several similar melodies that take such forms as AA BB A CC DD or Introduction AA BB CC DD EE. X The symbolism associated with tortoises. where each letter represents a melodic phrase. :-) The characteristics of land turtles 4. ragtime songs. 29. ? enhanced 34. :-) water turtles 2. and piano style. 26. ? disapproval 2. the same rich body of music that became a vital source of jazz. ? construct The author of the passage is probably an expert in 1. Ragtime piano music has a generally standard form. ? humor 3. 31. features the typical ragtime right-hand syncopations. ? tortoises 4. 27. :-) grass and leaves 4. ? The life of spans of tortoises Which of the following not mentioned as a characteristics of tortoises? 1. X restricted 3. The word "augmented" could best be replaced try 1. but the rhythms are rooted in AfricanAmerican folk music. X limbs 3. The forms of ragtime derive from European marches and dances. X scales 2. known as the "King of Ragtime." was published in 1899. ? Line 8 The author's attitude toward the Constitution is one of 1. ? To discuss one of the principal elements of the Constitution What is the main topic of the passage? 1.
Questions 9-13 In North America there are two forms of bison. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business. the plains bison and the woodland bison. publishing. Questions 20-26 As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures. and several types of canoes. Though the latitude of the Red Spot varies little. so its surface area is greater than that of Earth. which is achieved by a sequential process. and San Luis Obispo counties as well as the Channel islands. and ultimately its greatest use. statistical. Other endangered species need the same planning and protection. and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building. where it is used in advertising. and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. the Pioneer and Voyager results have refuted that idea and proven the Red Spot to be a phenomenon of Jovian meteorology. there were fewer than a thousand plains bison left. and cost models to summarize financial. The plains bison once ranged from Pennsylvania and Georgia to the Rockies. training. However. intricate patterns that are regarded as being among the finest in the world. Over the past century the total longitudinal drift has amounted to approximately 1200°. engineers now rely on heavily on CAD. They made great use of stone for milling and for making tools and weapons. computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. As an educational aid. but it always returns after a few years. though for relatively brief periods Mars may outshine it. spacecraft. where it is used to create graphs. this does not present a problem. In winter the vegetation on which these animals feed may be hidden beneath a deep blanket of snow. At its greatest extent it may be 40.000 kilometers wide. education. It has shown variations in both intensity and color. mathematical. and Medicine. Plant fiber was also used to weave baskets with beautiful. Ventura. but there are signs that it is decreasing in size. Architects can design a building layout. The most famous mark on Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. . it drifts about in longitude. For threedimensional rendering of machine parts. around 1900. Jupiter's less than 10-hour rotation period gives it the shortest day in the solar system insofar as the principal planets are concerned. Santa Barbara. Its longevity may well be due to its exceptional size. They took advantage of the rich resources of their homeland. Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics. It was once thought that the Red Spot might be a solid or semisolid body floating in Jupiter's outer gas. It is well placed for observation for several months in every year and on average is the brightest of the planets apart from Venus. for the bison use their hooves and massive heads to clear away the snow and then feed on the grasses below. north is the edge of the Canadian forest. with protection and careful breeding they have been brought back to the point where their numbers can be multiplied at will. Questions 27-33 The Chumash people inhabited an area of southwestern California that included large portions of present-day Los Angeles. scientific. bison lower their heads and face directly into the storm. One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. and south onto the central plateau of Mexico. Bison are strong survivors and have few predators except for humans. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications. has been as an aid to design. The bison has a great tolerance to-cold. and film productions. generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). industry. Automobile. bows. One of the initial uses of computer graphics. There are no true seasons on Jupiter because the axial inclination to the perpendicular of the orbital plane is only just over 3°—less than that for any other planet. research. charts. Several smaller red spots have been seen occasionally but have not lasted. art. When blizzards rage across the North American prairie. particularly for computer animation. create a three-dimensional model. However.000 kilometers long and 14. aerospace. who reduced their population to the point at which. and it may not be permanent. they used wood to make bowls. Large herds presently range on both government and private lands where they are protected. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. however. and economic data. including elk. Their large domed huts were framed by willow poles covered with mats made from twined bulrushes harvested from the marshlands. computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. Although the Chumash were accomplished fishers and hunted a variety of animals. and at times it has been invisible. Questions 14-19 Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet and is fifth in order of distance from the sun. government. The latitude is generally very close to -22°. From the trees. the largest and most durable of which could hold up to twelve people and ply the open ocean.
X predators The passage supports which of the following conclusions? 1. 12. from which they made flour. fruit. including flowers. 4. beads. who inhabited 75 to 100 villages. ? Highly syncopated melody 5. X arrangements for marching bands 4. each with one or more granaries. ? Art History 6. 4. The Chumash lived in villages that were connected by social. X Sixteen-bar sections 3. and bulbs. :-) its rotation period is shorter than 10 hours 4.America According to the passage. tools. nets. 10. X syncopated melody 2. X attached to the ground 4. :-) "Maple Leaf Rag" 3. ? In caves 2. At its height the Chumash nation consisted of 20. ? numbers 2. :-) Music Appreciation 3. ? compare ragtime and jazz 3. political. X each letter Which of the following conclusions can be made from this passage? 1. 9. utensils. X player pianos 3. ? Ragtime was popular only with African-Americans. ? the axial inclination is only just over 3° 2. ? Ragtime is a completely different form of music than jazz. X Ragtime music is complex and hard to identify. X the diversity of climates in America 3. leaves. :-) Ragtime has an easily recognizable rhythm. and one or more sweatlodges. X Left-hand accompaniment 4. X surround 4. A typical village consisted of several domed houses. X never changing 2. ? oom-pah -accompaniment 3. ? Behind trees 4. ? move about According to the passage. The word "rooted" (bold) means 1. X cook on a stove 3. The author's main purpose in the passage is to 1. The topic of the passage following this one would likely be about 1. :-) In the open The word "range" (bold) means to 1. 2. roots. :-) compositions for orchestras 2. 3. :-) plains bison 4. 3.000 to 30. The word "it" (bold) refers to 8. X humans 3. The Chumash were avid traders with other western tribes. 1. ? sheet music 3. ? ragtime 4. ? march tempo 4. a field for game playing. ? unmoving 7. :-) a melodic phrase 4. rabbits. baskets. Plants were also used to make medicines. headdresses. 13. X show how ragtime is arranged 2. 14. a ceremonial dance ground. X Bison are more fragile than they appear. :-) discuss the origin and elements of ragtime 4. According to the passage. X cold-blooded animals of the Southwestern desert 2. Which of the following is NOT. ? criticize the compositions of Scott Joplin 2. Ragtime reached people nationwide through all of the following EXCEPT 1. X Seeking shelter behind boulders 3. seeds. X Bison will eventually be extinct. where would bison be found during a severe winter storm? 1. The Chumash even had a currency represented by a string of small white shell beads. X drive a long distance 2. 2. :-) derived from 3. X Social Studies 4. X national parks of North America 4. characteristic of ragtime? 1. 1.antelope.000 people. ? The bison population can be controlled. grains. The word "their" (bold) refers to 1. Their most important food source was the acorn. 11. ? there is the interference of the Great Red Spot 3. :-) Fast march tempo 2. and economic ties. and canoes. ? the endangered grizzly of North . a burial ground. X bison were native to a limited territory. and squirrels. Jupiter has the shortest day among the principal planets because 1. the letters A in AA and B in BB each represent 1. who bartered for Chumash hides. ? it is on the average the brightest of all the planets . This passage would be part of required reading in which of the following courses? 1. leather. deer. X African-American history 2. X melodic phrase 2. at least threefourths of their diet consisted of plant foods.
? will continue expanding 19. :-) neutral 3. According to the passage. ? tools 33. X make cartographic materials 4. X create graphs 2. :-) amateur astronomers 3. architects use CAD to 1. ? did not make the most of their natural resources 2. X Lines 12-14 4. This passage would be of most interest to 1. X The rapidly growing field of computer science 3. X creativity 4. ? Lines 4-6 2. ? grains 2. ? less often than any other planet 4. engineers use CAD for 1. It can be inferred from this passage that Jupiter's Great Red Spot 1. X will become brighter with time 3. ? mathematicians 18. X inspect buildings 24. ? jobs 2. :-) plant foods 3. three-fourths of the Chumash diet consisted of 1. ? leather 31. :-) were a highly developed people 4. ? supportive 2. X Lines 16-18 3. :-) shells 3. :-) uses 3. ? antelope and rabbits 2. ? applications of CAD in medicine 23. :-) rendering machine parts 4. ? lived very primitively 30. The author's tone in this passage is 1. According to the passage. X is made of floating gases 4. X canoes 2. With which of the following topics is the author primarily concerned? 1. X An analysis of Chumash inventions 3. X ecological systems 3. ? create three-dimensional models 3. X brilliance 4. ? enthusiastic 4. :-) from time to time 2. :-) computer animation 3. The author implies that the Chumash 1. ? students of anthropology 4. The passage was most probably written by a specialist in 1. ? every several months 17. ? geologists 2. ? layers 27. X Computers as the architects of the future 4. :-) will one day vanish 2. ? The impact of the Chumash legacy 4. X advertising 3. ? visibility 2. X flight training 2. X wooden beads 4. X density 3. ? argumentative 16. X currency and government 4. ? nutrition 2.15. 26. Where in the passage does the author discuss the greatest advantage of computer-aided design? 1. X fields 2. ? fruit 3. ? computer graphics 4. ? Routine uses of computers 2. It can be inferred from the passage that the Chumash 1. X on a regular basis 3. The word "it" (bold) refers to 1. X were not artistic in nature 2. :-) anthropology . The word” Intensity" could best be replaced with 1. X cost models 4. The word "applications" in bold means 1. What does the passage mainly discuss? 1. inventive people 29. ? were an industrious. The paragraph following this passage would most likely be about 1. :-) Lines 7-9 25. Mars outshines Jupiter 1. :-) A description of Chumash life 28. X computer science 22. X computers 3. According to the passage. :-) willow poles 4. X isolated themselves from other tribes 4. The Chumash currency was represented by 1. X acorns 32. According to the passage. ? a simulated "walk" through model rooms. X making cost models 2. X fish 4. X were a localized tribe 3. X surface area 20. X were not a seafaring people 3. :-) Computer graphics applications 21. The author mentions all of the following goods the Chumash traded EXCEPT 1. ? Support for the Chumash nation 2.