AS 2777.

4—1990
ISO 7498-4: 1988

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Australian Standard®
Information processing systems— Open Systems Interconnection— Basic reference model Part 4: Management framework

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee IT/1, Information Systems—Interconnections. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 14 August 1990 and published on 12 November 1990.

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The following interests are represented on Committee IT/1: Aussat Australian Association of Permanent Building Societies Australian Bankers’ Association Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Committee of Directors and Principals Australian Computer Equipment Manufacturers Association Australian Computer Society Australian Computer Users Association Australian Computing Services Association Australian Information Industry Association Australian Vice Chancellors Committee CSIRO, Institute of Information and Communication Technologies Department of Defence Department of Industry, Technology and Commerce Information Exchange Steering Committee Life Insurance Federation of Australia OTC Public Service Board, N.S.W. Telecom Australia Additional interests participating in preparation of Standard: Computer consultants

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edit ion, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Australi an Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The Australian Standard’, which subscribing members receive, and which gives detail s of new publi cati ons, new edit ions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australi an Standards, addressed to the head off ice of Standards Australia, are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

AS 2777.4—1990

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Australian Standard®
Information processing systems— Open Systems Interconnection— Basic reference model Part 4: Management framework

First published as AS 2777.4—1990.

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 6518 7

2
PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee on Information Systems — Interconnection. It is identical with and has been reproduced from International Standard ISO 7498-4 — 1988. Information processing systems — Open Systems Interconnection —Basic Reference Model — Part 4: Management framework. The Standard is one of a series of Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Standards which are currently under development. Since OSI Standards are developmental, there may be some minor difficulties encountered in their implementation. For this reason, Standards Australia will be providing, through the OSI Help Desk, a service to coordinate and disseminate information concerning difficulties which are identified in using this Standard. Under arrangements made between Standards Australia and the International Standards Bodies, ISO and IEC, as well as certain other Standards organizations, users of this Australian Standard are advised of the following: (a) Copyright is vested in Standards Australia. (b) The number of this Standard is not reproduced on each page; its identity is shown only on the cover and title pages. For the purpose of this Australian Standard, the text of the ISO Standard given herein should be modified as follows: (i) Terminology The words ‘Australian Standard’ should replace the words ‘International Standard’ wherever they appear. (ii) References The references to International Standards should be replaced by references to Australian Standards as follows: Reference to International Standard Australian Standard ISO/IEC AS 7498 Information processing systems— 2777 Information processing systems — Open Systems Interconnection — Open Systems Interconnection — Basic Reference Model Basic reference model 7498-2 Information processing systems— 2777.2 Information processing systems — Open Systems Interconnection — Open Systems Interconnection — Basic Reference Model — Part 2: Basic reference model — Part 2: Security Architecture Security architecture

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© Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

3
CONTENTS
Page
Introduction 1 2 3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5
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........... ... .. .... ........ .... .. ... ............ .. ........... ... .. .... ........ .... .. ... ............ .. . ........... ... .. .... ........ .... .. ... ... ........... ... .. .... ........ .... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8

Scope

Normative references

Definitions and abbreviations

Concepts in OS I Management . . . . . . . . . . . . Users’ requirements of OSI Management . . . . . . The OS I Management environment . . . . . . . . . . Managed objects, their attributes and operations Management relationships between open systems OS I Management functional areas . . . . . . . . . . .

5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4

Model for OSI Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS I Management structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supporting functionality required by OS I Management Management Information Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flow of management control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flow of management information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS I OS I OS I The OS I Management specifics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Management standardization .......... Management operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . form of management information exchanges Management conformance . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . ... . ... ... .. ..

... . .. .. . ... ... .... .. .. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.. .. . . .. ..

.. .. .. .. . .

. . . . .. .. ..

.. 9 .. 9 .. 9 . 10 . 10 11 11 11 11 12 13

Annex A — Comments relating to the OS I Management Framework A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brief Overview of OSI Management Scope and Concepts . . . . . Systems Management Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Management Information and the Management Information Base . . . . . . . . .

....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4
Introduction
The Basic Reference Model of Open Systems Interconnection (OSI), ISO /IEC 7498, provides a description of the activities necessary for systems to interwork using communication media. This part of ISO /IEC 7498 forms Part 4 of ISO /IEC 7498 and provides a description of the framework and structure of OS I Management in a way that supplements and clarifies the description of management contained in ISO/IEC 7498. The purpose of this part of ISO/IEC 7498 is to provide a common basis for the coordinated development of management standards. It is also the purpose of this part of ISO/IEC 7498 to identify areas for developing or improving standards, and to provide a common reference for maintaining consistency of all related standards. It is not the intent of this part of ISO /IEC 7498 either to serve as an implementation specification, or to be a basis for appraising the conformance of actual implementations, or to provide a sufficient level of detail to define precisely the services and protocols of the management architecture. Rather, this part of ISO/IEC 7498 provides a conceptual and functional framework which allows independent teams of experts to work productively on the development of management standards.
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This part of ISO /IEC 7498 provides an extension to ISO/IEC 7498 and therefore assumes as a basis the concepts and terminology included therein. The objective of this document is to describe a framework for those management activities pertinent to OSI, and to identify the management services which are supported by OS I Management protocols. The description of the Management Framework given in this part of ISO/IEC 7498 is developed in stages: Clause 1 defines the scope of this part of ISO/IEC 7498. Clause 2 lists related OSI Standards. Clause 3 defines terms and abbreviations used in this part of ISO /IEC 7498. Clause 4 provides the description of general concepts relating to management. Clause 5 defines a model for OS I Management. Clause 6 introduces the areas of OS I Management standardization, specifies how each of the component parts of OS I Management operate and defines the form of management information exchanges. Management is manifest in a number of ways. Management is related to activities which control or monitor the use of resources. Within Open Systems the resources can be those which provide data storage or processing capabilities, or they can be those which provide interconnection capabilities. It is only the latter and the communications concerning their management which fall within the scope of OS I Management standardization. Human beings are ultimately responsible for managing the OS I Environment, although responsibilities may be delegated to automated processes.

AUSTRALIAN STANDARD

5

Information processing systems — Open Systems Interconnection— Basic reference model— Part 4: Management framework
1 Scope
This part of ISO/IEC 7498 establishes a framework for coordinating the development of existing and future standards for OS I Management, and is provided for reference by those standards. It a) defines terminology of and describes concepts for OS I Management;
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3 Definitions and abbreviations
3.1 This part of ISO/IEC 7498 makes use of the OSI terminology defined in ISO /IEC 7498, specifically: a) b) c) d) e) f) (N)-entity (N)-layer (N)-protocol (N)-protocol-data-unit open system systems management

b) provides a structure for OS I Management together with an overview of the objectives of and facilities provided by OSI Management; and c) describes OSI Management activities. This part of ISO/IEC 7498 does not specify services or protocols for OS I Management. It is neither an implementation specification for systems, nor a basis for appraising the conformance of implementations.

3.2 Terms defined in ISO/IEC 7498 which are redefined for the purposes of this part of ISO/IEC 7498: 3.2.1 Systems management application-entity: An application-entity for the purpose of systems management communication. 3.3 For the purpose of this part of ISO /IEC 7498, the following definitions apply: 3.3.1 OSI Management: The facilities to control, coordinate and monitor the resources which allow communications to take place in the OSI Environment. 3.3.2 (N)-layer operation: The monitoring and control of a single instance of communication. 3.3.3 Managed object: The OS I Management view of a resource within the OSI Environment that may be managed through the use of OS I Management protocol(s). 3.3.4 M anagem ent Information B ase: The conceptual repository of management information within an open system.

2 Normative references
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this part of ISO/IEC 7498. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this part of ISO /IEC 7498 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards listed below. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards. ISO/IEC 7498:1984, Information processing systems — Open Systems Interconnection — Basic Reference Model. ISO/IEC 7498-2:1988, Information processing systems— Open Systems Interconnection — Basic Reference Model — Part 2: Security Architecture.

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AS 2777.4-1990, Information processing systems Open systems interconnection - Basic reference model Management framework

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