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MARKING SCHEME 1. 1-Methoxy-2-methyl propane. (1) 2. Dichloromethane. (1) 3. (CH3)2CHCl < CH3CH2Cl <CH3Cl <CH3Br. (1) 4.

Because the relative positions of the unidentate ligands attached to the central metal atom are the same with respect to each other. (1) 5. On the basis of incompletely filled 3d orbitals ,in case of scandium atom in its ground state (3d1),it is regarded as a transition element. (1/2 ) 10 Zinc atom has completely filled d-orbitals (3d ) in its ground state as well as in its oxidation state,hence it is not regarded as a transition element (1/2) 6. Limiting molar conductivity of an electrolyte can be represented as the sum of the individual contributions of the anion and the cation of the electrolyte. (1) 7. Because the number of ions per unit volume furnished by an electrolyte decreases with dilution. (1) 8. The process during which the direction of osmosis is reversed by applying a pressure larger than osmotic pressure on the solution side is called reverse osmosis.During reverse osmosis,pure solvent passes from solution side to the solvent through semipermeable membrane. (1) 9. Ferromagnetic.The spins due to all unpaired electrons are alligned in the same direction. (1 + 1) OR When molten NaCl containing a little amount of SrCl2 as impurity is crystallised,some of the sites of Na+ions are occupied by Sr2+ .Each Sr2+ replaces two Na+ ions One site is occupied by Sr2+ & the other site remains vacant.The cationic vacancies thus produced are equal to the number of Sr2+ ions. (1 mark for correct example and 1 for correct cationic vacancies) 10. a) Increases (1) b) Decreases (1) 11.When chloroform & acetone are mixed, the hydrogen bonding takes place between two molecular species due to which the escaping tendency of either of the liquid molecules become less. (1) As a result of hydrogen bonding the boiling point of solution increases.Thus due to increased attractive forces a slight reduction in volume & evolution of heat takes place.Hence mixture shows a negative deviation from ideal behaviour. (1) 12. H2-O2 Fuel cell (1/2) Cathode O2 (g) +2H2O (l) + 4 e4OH-(aq) (1/2) Anode - 2H2 (g) + 4OH-(aq) 4H2O(l) +4e(1/2) Overall reaction 2H2 (g) + O2 (g) 2H2O (l) (1/2) 13.a)Hexaamminenickel(II)chloride (1) b) In hydrated coppersulphate water molecule act as a ligand & as a result crystal field splitting takes place.This leads to d-d transition responsible for blue colour of crystals.In the anhydrous state no such splitting is possible & therefore the salt is colourless. (1) 14.(i) OH Na ONa OH + CHCl3, aqNaOH CHCl2 NaOH CHO H3O CHO (1)

(ii) C(CH3)3ONa +CH3Br

CH3OC(CH3)3 +NaBr

(1)

15.Phenol is resonance stabilised unlike alcohol. Due to resonance oxygen aquires some positive charge.It will strongly attract shared electrons of OH towards itself & H+ ions is released.Moreover in alcohol alkyl group due to +I effect increases electron density on oxygen in alkoxide ion& destabilises it.thus alcohol do not dissociate to give H+ ions (2) 16. The carbon atom of carbonyl group of benzaldehyde is less electrophilic than carbon atom of carbonyl group present in propanal.The polarity of carbonyl group is reduced in benzaldehyde due to resonance & hence it is less reactive than propanal. (2) 17(i) Dilute alkaline KMnO4 (1/2)