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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Division Section

02 - Sitework 02500 - Paving And Surfacing 1


1 01

Part 1: General
Summary

The work covered by this section consists of providing all plant, labour and materials and performing all operations in connection with external paving and surfacing for parking lots, driveways, sidewalks and other paved areas related to buildings. Preparation of subgrade, granular subbase- and base courses are included in Section 02200 Earthwork.

1 01 01 Section includes
01.0 Asphalt concrete paving 02.0 Concrete paving 03.0 Concrete tile paving 03.0 Interlocking concrete block paving 04.0 Synthetic (proprietary) surfacing 05.0 Pavement marking

1 01 02 Products Delivered but not Installed under this Section 1 01 03 Products Installed but not Delivered under this Section 1 01 04 Related Sections
02200 Earthwork 03100 Concrete Formwork 03200 Concrete Reinforcement 03300 Cast-in-Place-Concrete

1 02

References

1 02 01 Applicable Standards
1 02 01 01 Saudi Arabian Standards ( 1 02 01 02 Gulf Standards 1 02 01 03 International Standards 1 02 01 04 USA Standards 1 02 01 04 01 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
ASTM C 78 : 84 Strength of Concrete with Third-Point Loading) ASTM C 88 : 83 Aggregates by Magnesium Sulfate ASTM C 131 : 89 to Degradation of Standard Test Method for Flexural (Using Simple Beam Standard Test Method of Soundness of Use of Sodium Sulfate or Standard Test Method for Resistance Small-size Coarse

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Aggregate By Abrasion and Impact in Los-Angeles Machine ASTM C 936 : 82 Concrete Inter-locking (Amendment 1988) ASTM D 242 : 85 for Bituminous ASTM D 448 : 86 Aggregate for Road Construction. ASTM D 692 : 88 Aggregate for Mixtures Standard Specification for Solid Paving Units

the

Standard Specification for Mineral Filler Paving Mixtures Standard Classification for Sizes of and Bridge Standard Specification for Coarse Bituminous Paving ASTM D 994 : 71 Standard Specification for Preformed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete (Bituminous Type) (Amendment 1982)

ASTM D 977 : 86 Asphalt ASTM D 979 : 89 Bituminous Paving ASTM D 995 : 88 Plants for Hot-Mixed, Paving Mixtures ASTM D 1073 : 88 Aggregate for Mixtures ASTM D 1190 : 74 Joint Sealer, Hot(Amendment 1980) ASTM D 1559 : 89 to Plastic Flow of Using Marshall Apparatus ASTM D 1560 : 81a to Deformation Mixtures by Means of ASTM D 1561 : 81a Bituminous Mixture Means of California Kneading

Standard Specification for Emulsified Standard Practice for Sampling Mixtures Standard Specification for Mixing Hot-Laid Bituminous Standard Specification for Fine Bituminous Paving Standard Specification for Concrete Poured Elastic Type Standard Test Method for Resistance Bituminous Mixtures Standard Test Method for Resistance and Cohesion of Bituminous Hveem Apparatus Standard Method for Preparation of Test Specimens by Compactor

ASTM D 1751 : 83 Standard Specification for Preformed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction (Nonextruding and Resilient Bituminous Types) ASTM D 1752 : 84 Standard Specification for Preformed Sponge Rubber and Cork Expansion Joint Fillers for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction ASTM D 2041: 90 Maximum Density of Bituminous Paving Standard Test Method for Theoretical Specific Gravity and Mixtures

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

ASTM D 2172 : 88 Extraction of Paving Mixtures ASTM D 2397 : 85 Emulsified Asphalt

Standard Test Method for Quantitative Bitumen from Bituminous Standard Specification for Cationic

ASTM D 2419 : 74 Standard Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate (Amendment 1979) ASTM D 2950 : 82 Bituminous Nuclear Method ASTM D 3204 : 86 Cellular Plastic Pressure ASTM D 3406 : 85 Sealant, Hot-Applied, Portland Cement Concrete ASTM D 3515 : 89 Hot-Laid Mixtures ASTM D 3666 : 90 Inspection and Bituminous Paving Materials ASTM D 4561 : 86 Systems for an Agency for Bituminous Paving ASTM D 4791 : 89 Elongated Particles in Standard Test Method for Density of Concrete in Place by Standard Specification for Preformed Joint Fillers for Relieving Standard Specification for Joint Elastomeric-Type, for Pavements Standard Specification for Hot-Mixed, Bituminous Paving Standard Practice for Evaluation of Testing Agencies for Standard Practice for Quality Control Inspection and Testing Materials Standard Test Method for Flat or Coarse Aggregate

1 02 01 04 04 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)


AASHTO M 17 : 94 for Bituminous AASHTO M 20 : 70 Graded Asphalt 1986) AASHTO M 81 : 92 Asphalt (RapidAASHTO M 82 : 75 Asphalt (Medium(Amendment 1986) AASHTO M 140 : 88 Asphalt AASHTO M 208 : 87 Emulsified Asphalt AASHTO M 226 : 80 Graded Asphalt 1986) AASHTO M 248 : 91 mixed White and AASHTO T 85 : 91 Gravity and Aggregate Standard Specification for Mineral Filler Paving Mixtures Standard Specification for Penetration Cement (Amendment Standard Specification for Cut-Back Curing Type) Standard Specification for Cut-Back Curing Type) Standard Specification for Emulsified Standard Specification for Cationic Standard Specification for Viscosity Cement (Amendment Standard Specification for ReadyYellow Traffic Paint Standard Method of Test for Specific Absorption of Coarse

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

AASHTO T 96 : 94 Resistance to Gradation of Aggregate AASHTO T 104 : 94 Soundness of Aggregate by Sulfate or Magnesium Sulfate AASHTO T 164 : 94 Quantitative Extraction of Bituminous Paving Mixtures AASHTO T 166 : 93 Specific Gravity of Bituminous Mixtures AASHTO T 168 : 91 Bituminous Paving

Standard Method of Test for Small-size Standard Method of Test for Use of Sodium Standard Method of Test for Bitumen from Standard Method of test for Bulk Compacted Standard Method for Sampling Mixtures

AASHTO T 176 : 86 Standard Method of Test for Plastic Fines in Graded Aggregates and Soils by Use of the Sand Equivalent Test AASHTO T 209 : 94 Specific Density Mixtures Standard Method of Test for Maximum of Bituminous Paving

AASHTO T 230 : 68 Standard Method of Test for Determining Degree of Compaction of Bituminous Aggregate Mixtures AASHTO T 245 : 94 Resistance to Plastic Flow Mixtures (See ASTM D 1559) Standard Method of Test for of Bituminous

AASHTO T 247 : 93 Standard Method of Test for Preparation of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of California Kneading Compactor (See ASTM D 1561)

1 02 01 05 European Standards 1 02 01 06 British Standards


BS 2499 : 93 Pavements BS 6044 : 87 Hot-applied Joint Sealing for Concrete Pavement Marking Paints

BS 6717-1 : 94 Specification for Paving Blocks BS 7263-1 : 94 Precast Concrete Flags, Kerbs, Channels, Edgings and Quadrants/Part 1. Specification

1 02 01 07 German Standards
DIN 485 : 87 Precast Concrete Paving Flags DIN 18501 : 82 Concrete Paving Setts (Blocks)

1 02 02 Codes
BS 6717-3 : 89 Code of Practice for Laying BS 7263-2 : 90 Precast Concrete Flags, Kerbs, Channels, Edgings and Quadrants/Part 2. Code of practice for laying

1 02 03 Other References
01.0 Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement issued by the Institution of Civil
GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Engineers and the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors, England 02.0 Safety Guidelines for Storage of Chemical Materials as issued by the Ministry of Interior/General Civil Defense Administration, Kingdom of Saudi-Arabia 03.0 Concrete Paving Manual as issued by the American Concrete Pavement Association, 2625 Clearbrook Dr., Arlington Heights,IL 60005 04.0 Asphalt Paving Manual as issued by the Asphalt Institute, Asphalt Institute Building, College Park, Maryland 20740

1 03

Definitions

1 03 01 Technical Terms
aggregate - a hard granular material of mineral composition such as sand, gravel, slag, crushed stone, used for mixing in graduated fragments. asphalt - a dark brown to black cementitious material in which the predominating constituents are bitumens which occur in nature or are obtained in petroleum processing. asphalt cement - a fluxed or unfluxed asphalt specially prepared as to quality and consistency for direct use in the manufacture of bituminous pavements . asphalt concrete (bituminous concrete) - high quality, thoroughly controlled hot mixture of asphalt cement and well-graded, high quality aggregate, compacted to an uniform dense mass. (asphalt) base course - a layer or layers of specified material of designated thickness in an asphalt pavement structure laid below the surface (wearing) course. Some times called binding course. (granular) base course - a layer or layers of specified or selected material of designated thickness laid on a granular subbase or subgrade below the asphaltic pavement structure. bitumen - see asphalt bituminous concrete - see asphalt concrete bituminous emulsion - (1) a suspension of minute globules of bituminous material in water or in an aqueous solution. (2) A suspension of minute globules of water or of an aqueous solution in a liquid bituminous material binding (Binder) course - see (asphalt) base course coarse aggregate - aggregate retained on a 2.36 mm sieve construction joint (in concrete pavement) - a joint between concrete pavement slabs which have been constructed at different times where one face is poured against a previously finished construction. contraction joint (in concrete pavement) - a joint to allow a concrete pavement slab to contract and move apart, and expand and move together. The joint is placed in the upper third of a slab and is formed by inserting a joint former in the plastic concrete or by sawing the hardened concrete. curbs - British kerbs cutback asphalt (bitumen) - asphalt cement which has been liquefied by blending with petroleum solvents (diluents), as for the RC and MC
GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

cutback asphalt. Upon exposure to atmospheric conditions the diluents evaporate, leaving the asphalt cement to perform its function. dowelled (expansion) joint (in concrete pavement) - a joint between pavement slabs where lateral and vertical displacement to allow expansion and contraction. expansion joint (in concrete pavement) - a joint placed in full depth between adjacent pavement slabs to allow the slabs to expand and contract . fine aggregate - aggregate passing a 2.36 mm sieve. haunching - lateral concrete backing of curbs and edgestones to restrain them in position when loaded. joint filler - a strip of compressible heat-resistant material used to fill a joint space. joint sealant - a material that seals a joint by adhering to appropriate surfaces within the joint to prevent the ingress of water and deleterious substances. medium-curing (MC) asphalt - cutback asphalt composed of asphalt cement and a kerosene-type diluent of medium volatility mineral dust - the portion of fine aggregate passing a 0.075 mm sieve mineral filler - a finely divided mineral material at least 70 % of which will pass a 0.075 mm sieve. Pulverized limestone is the most commonly manufactured filler, although other materials such as stone dust, hydrated lime, Portland cement, and certain natural deposits are also used. penetration - the consistency of a bituminous material expressed as the distance in tenths of a millimeter (0,1 mm) that a standard needle penetrates vertically a sample of the material under specified conditions of loading, time, and temperature. prime coat - an application of a low-viscosity bituminous material to an absorptive surface, designed to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this existing surface and to promote adhesion between it and the asphaltic construction course that follows. rapid-curing (RC) asphalt - cutback asphalt composed of asphalt cement and a naphtha or gasoline-type diluent of high volatility. roadbase - see subbase sealant primer- a substance applied to the faces of the joint just before the sealant is applied in order to assist its adhesion. (granular) subbase course - the layer or layers of specified or selected material of designated thickness placed on a subgrade to support a (granular) base course. (asphalt) subbase course (roadbase) - a layer or layers of designated thickness used in asphalt pavement system between the subgrade and the intermediate base (or binding) course. subgrade - the undisturbed soil prepared to support a structure or a pavement system. The subgrade, if not adequate, may be improved by (1) the incorporation of stabilizers, (2) any course or courses of granular material (see granular subbase or base course) placed on the subgrade or by (3) an asphaltic subbase (roadbase) on the subgrade. If the subgrade is of adequate quality or is improved by one of the methods described under (1) (2) (3), it may serve as subbase course. surface (wearing) course - the upper layer in a bituminous pavement tack coat (bond coat) - an application of bituminous material to an existing relatively non-absorptive surface to provide a thorough bond
GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

between old and new surfacing (e.g between base course and surface (wearing) course). viscosity - a measure of the resistance to flow. It is one method of measuring the consistency of asphalt (bitumen). viscosity grading - a classification system of asphalt cements based on viscosity ranges at 60 . A minimum viscosity at 135 is also usually C C specified. The purpose is to prescribe limiting values of consistency at these two temperatures. 60 approximates the maximum temperature C of asphalt pavement surface in service; 135 approximates to the mixing and laying C temperatures for hot asphalt pavements. well-graded aggregate - aggregate graded from the maximum size down to filler to obtain an asphalt mix with a controlled void content and high stability. workability - the ease with which a paving mixture may be placed and compacted

1 03 02 Abbreviations
Q.C. Quality Control

1 04

System Description
Note: Restrict this paragraph to statements describing design requirements and operational properties of a complete system (e.g. A/C System, lifts, etc.) to be designed by the Contractor!

1 04 01 Design Requirements

1 04 02 Performance Requirements
Note: Restrict this paragraph to statements describing performance requirements and operational properties of a complete system (e.g. A/C System, lifts, etc.) to be designed by the Contractor!

1 05
with asterisk (*) !

Submittals
Note: Select one of the options marked

In compliance with Conditions of Contract and provisions of Section 01300 the following shall be submitted * 01.0 thirty (30) days before paving and surfacing works are scheduled to commence: * 02.0 sixty (60) days before paving and surfacing works are scheduled to commence:

1 05 01 Product Data
A complete material list and product data for each type of product proposed to be furnished and installed under this section to demonstrate compliance with specified requirements, including manufacturer's colour charts showing full range of colours, textures, shapes, and pattern for each type and composition of paving and surfacing as indicated for initial selection purposes.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

1 05 02 Shopdrawings 1 05 03 Samples
Accompanying the above submittal, samples of each item shall be prepared on samples of adequate size and construction, in sets showing the full range of variations expected.

1 05 04 Quality Control Submittals


Documented experience of contractors site engineer(s) and operator(s) (ref. 1 06 01) Reports and records of Source Q.C. (ref. 1 06 04 03) Reports and records of Field Q.C.(ref. 3 03 01 50) Reports and records of Contractor's Internal Q.C.(ref. 1 06 04 01) Reports and records of External Q.C.(ref. 1 06 04 02)

1 05 05 Handing-Over Submittals
1 05 05 01 Project Records 1 05 05 02 Operation & Maintenance Data

1 05 06 Other Submittals
Mix design(s) of asphalt concrete including test results of tests as specified in ref. 2 06 01 Certificates of compliance ref. 1 06 03. Manufacturer's instructions for admixtures, joint filler, bondbreaker, joint sealant and the like. Records and reports of Contractors major equipment.

1 06

Quality Assurance

Sampling, testing and checking procedures shall be recorded on a daily basis (i.e. indicating day, month, year) including corrective actions taken by the Contractor if necessary. Reports and records shall be available for assessment to the Engineer not later than three (3) days after testing and checking. Reports and records shall be established in a manner to ensure traceability between batch records, test results, and locations of placed paving and surfacing. Arrangements shall be made in Contractors work schedule and time allowed for testing and checking as indicated.

1 06 01 Qualifications
Contractor's site engineer responsible for asphalt concrete and road construction shall have at least five (5) years of documented experience in this field and shall be familiar with the referenced standards and shall have successfully completed work similar in material, design and extent to that work indicated for the project. Contractor's paver-, roller-, motor grader- and asphalt distributor operators shall be familiar with all materials and equipment and shall have at least three (3) years of documented experience.

1 06 02 Regulatory Requirements
Note: Specify obligations to comply with specific code requirements for contractor designed items and other requirements of local authorities.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

1 06 03 Certifications
Certificates of compliance, issued by an independent agency/laboratory (approved by the Engineer), and not more than 12 month old, indicating that any material proposed by the Contractor meets or exceeds the referenced standards shall be submitted by the Contractor prior to execution of any work.

1 06 04 Quality Control
1 06 04 01 Internal Quality Control
Contractors Internal Quality Control shall include but not limited to: Checking suppliers test certificates and certificates of compliance for aggregate, asphalt cement, asphalt concrete, asphalt for prime- and tack coats, granular subbase and base course material, curbs and edgings, concrete tiles and all other material delivered to the site prior to first delivery and each shipment that comes from another source than the previous one to confirm compliance with specification. Checking suppliers delivery tickets of each delivery for completeness and compliance with supply order and specification. Checking correct storage of material at least every week. Checking calibration of equipment prior to first use and periodically (at least every month) Checking maintenance of equipment to comply with manufacturers instructions. (at least every month) Field quality control as specified in Ref. 3 03 01 04 (Part 3: Execution) Source quality control as specified under Ref. 1 06 04 03.

1 06 04 02 External Quality Control


The Contractor shall employ and pay for a qualified independent testing laboratory/Agency which will supervise quality control procedures carried out by the Contractor and perform its own sampling, checking and testing services before and during paving operations in accordance with referenced standards and specifications. The laboratory/Agency shall comply with requirements as stated in ASTM D 3666. The laboratory/Agency shall be approved by the Engineer. The quality control system established by the laboratory/Agency shall comply but may not be limited to requirements as stated in ASTM D 4561. Inspections, tests, and checking shall be performed in indefinite intervals without giving previous notice. All checking procedures and tests performed by the laboratory/Agency shall be properly documented and submitted to the Engineer within 3 days after checking and testing.

1 06 04 03 Source Quality Control


Aggregate for asphalt concrete and cement concrete shall be sampled and tested at the source prior to first delivery. Asphalt concrete and cement concrete delivered by ready-mix plants shall be inspected and tested at the mixing plant prior to first delivery.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

1 07

Delivery, Storage and Handling

1 07 01 Packing and Shipping


For transport only equipment suitable for the location and type of work shall be used and maintained in proper working condition and in charge of skilled and competent operators.

1 07 02 Storage and Protection


All aggregate, sand, filler shall be stored and handled in a manner that excludes degradation and segregation and avoid contamination. Provisions must be made to prevent intermingling of different aggregates. If bulkheads are used, they shall extent to the full height of the stockpile. To avoid segregation, blended and combined aggregates shall be placed in layers not exceeding 1 m. Asphalt shall be stored in tanks, at least one tank for each type and grade of asphalt. Asphalt tanks should be calibrated so that the amount of remaining material can be determined at any time. All tanks, transfer lines, pumps and weigh buckets have to be heated so that the asphalt remains fluid to pump. Provisions have to be made to prevent asphalt from oxidizing during circulation at all times. For further requirements see ASTM D 995. Consignments and packagings of flags, paving blocks, curbs and the like shall be edge protected when delivered to the site. Discharging shall be done by crane or any other lifting gear.

1 07 03 Acceptance at Site
Note: Applies for Employer provided products only, for which conditions of acceptance at site should be specified here!

1 08

Project- and Site Conditions

Existing underground utilities and structures in areas of paving operations shall be located by the Contractor. If utilities or structures are indicated, adequate means of support and protection shall be provided during paving operations. When uncharted or incorrectly charted piping or other utilities are encountered, the utility owner shall be consulted immediately for directions. Damaged utilities or structures shall be repaired to the satisfaction of the utility owner and the Engineer or paid for the costs which may result from any of the Contractors operations during the contract period. Existing utility serving facilities occupied by the Employer shall not be interrupted during occupied hours, except when permitted in writing by the Engineer and when acceptable temporary utilities have been provided by the contractor.

1 08 01 Existing Conditions
Note: Should include references to documents where information may be found pertaining to such items as existing structures, public utility lines, geophysical reports etc.!

1 08 02 Environmental Requirements
Refer to Section 01060 Regulatory Requirements, 1 01 02 .

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

1 08 02 01 Dust Control
Dust caused by contractors operations on and near work shall be controlled by used of all means necessary.

1 08 01 02 Pollution Prevention
Necessary precautions shall be taken to prevent pollution of existing ground and sewage disposal network with fuel, oil, chemicals or other harmful materials.

1 09

Schedules and Programs


Note: Specify requirements for coordinating certain works which must be done in special sequence with, or at the time as, work in other sections. The particular sequence of events should be specified here!

1 10

Special Warranty
Note: Describe special or extended warranty only (e.g. in landscaping when warranty depends on growing periods may be exceeding the normal warranty period!)

1 11

Maintenance

1 11 01 Maintenance Service 1 11 02 Operation Services 1 11 03 Extra Material


Note: Specify products to be supplied by the Contractor for future maintenance and repair and state to whom, when, and where items are to be delivered!

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

2
2 01

Part 2: Products
Asphalt Pavement

2 01 01 Mineral Materials
2 01 01 01 Aggregate for Asphalt Concrete
Mineral aggregate for asphalt concrete shall consist of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and filler material if required. If the bulk specific gravities of coarse and fine aggregates differ by more than 0,20, the job mix formula has to be adjusted. Aggregates shall be free from decomposed stone, organic matters, shale, clay and any other deleterious substances which may effect the asphalt concrete mixture. Sources of aggregate shall be approved by the Engineer. Unless otherwise specified methods of sampling and testing shall be in accordance with relevant ASTM or AASHTO standards.

2 01 01 02 Coarse Aggregate
Coarse aggregate shall be the material retained on a 2.36 mm sieve and shall consist of clean, washed, naturally occurring or mechanically crushed rock or gravel or blended combinations of both. Coarse aggregate grading shall comply to the requirements of ASTM D 448 or any other grading, provided that the combined coarse and fine aggregates, and filler (when used) produce a mixture that conforms to grading requirements for combined aggregates in asphalt concrete mixtures (See Annex 6, Table 2) Coarse aggregate, when subjected to five cycles of the soundness test (ASTM C 88), shall have a weighted loss not greater than 12% when sodium sulfate is used or 18 % when magnesium sulfate is used. Coarse aggregate, when subjected to testing in the Los Angeles machine (ASTM C 131 or AASHTO T 96), shall have a loss not greater than 40% for aggregate used in asphalt surface (wearing) course or 50% for asphalt base course. Coarse aggregate shall comply with ASTM D 692 unless otherwise specified in the project documents.

2 01 01 03 Fine Aggregates
Fine aggregate shall be the material passing the 2.36 mm sieve and shall consist of natural sand, or sand prepared from stone, crushed blast-furnace slag, gravel, or combinations thereof. Fine aggregate grading shall comply with ASTM D 1073 or any other grading, provided that the combined coarse and fine aggregate, and filler (when used) produce a mixture that conforms to grading requirements for combined aggregate in asphalt concrete mixtures. (See Annex 6, Table 2) The sand equivalent when tested in accordance with AASHTO T 176 shall be not less than 50. The plasticity index of the fraction passing the 0,425 mm sieve shall not exceed 4. Fine aggregate, when subjected to testing in the Los Angeles machine (ASTM C 88) shall have a weighted loss of not more than 15% when sodium sulfate is used or 20% when magnesium sulfate is used.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

2 01 01 04 Mineral Filler
At the time of use, mineral filler shall be thoroughly dry and free from lumps and other agglomerations and shall have a plasticity index not greater than 4. Mineral Filler may consist of rockdust, slag dust, hydrated lime, hydraulic cement, fly ash or other suitable material and shall conform to the requirements of AASHTO M 17 or ASTM D 242 including gradation as indicated in Annex 6, Table 1)

2 01 01 05 Combined Aggregate
See ref. 2 06 01 Asphalt Concrete Mixes

2 01 01 05 01

Sand (for prime coat dressing)

Sand dressing shall be any clean granular mineral material that passes by 100% the 4.75 mm sieve and up to 2% passes the 0,075 mm sieve.

2 01 02 Bituminous Material
2 01 02 01 Asphalt Cement 2 01 02 01 01 Penetration graded Asphalt Cement
Penetration graded asphalt cement shall be prepared by the refining of crude petroleum by suitable methods and shall be homogenous, free from water, and shall not foam when heated to 175 . C Penetration graded asphalt cement shall comply with AASHTO M 20. 01.0 02.0 Asphalt cement shall be penetration grade 60-70. Asphalt cement shall be penetration grade 70-100.

2 01 02 01 02

Viscosity graded Asphalt Cement

Viscosity graded asphalt shall be prepared from crude petroleum by suitable methods and shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall not foam when heated to 175 . C Viscosity graded asphalt cement shall comply with AASHTO M 226.

2 01 02 02 Cut-back Asphalt
Cut-back asphalt shall show no separation or curdling prior to use and shall not foam when heated to the application temperature.

2 01 02 02 01 2 01 02 02 02

Rapid-Curing (RC) Type Medium-Curing (MC) Type

(RC) Cut-back asphalt shall comply with AASHTO M 81.

(MC) Cut-back asphalt shall comply with AASHTO M 82.

2 01 02 03 Emulsified Asphalt
Emulsified Asphalt shall be homogeneous and shall comply with AASHTO M 140/ASTM D 977. Cationic Emulsified Asphalt shall comply with AASHTO M 208/ASTM D 2397.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

2 02 Concrete Pavement
2 02 01 Concrete
The cement used for concrete paving shall comply with SSA 143 Ordinary Portland Cement/Rapid-Hardening Portland Cement, SSA 570 Sulfate-Resisting Portland Cement. The minimum 28-day flexural strength shall be 4,133 MPa/4133 kPa (600 psi) when tested in accordance with ASTM C 78. For further requirements see Section 03300 CAST-INSITU CONCRETE

2 02 02 Reinforcement
(See Section 03200 Concrete Reinforcement)

2 02 03 Formwork
(See Section 03100 Concrete Formwork)

2 02 04 Joint Reinforcement
01.0 The dowel bars shall be high yield steel bars 600 mm long and 18 mm diameter. One half of the length shall be coated with liquid asphalt.

2 02 05 Joint Filler (for Concrete Pavement)


Expansion joint filler shall be certified as suitable for the intended use. Expansion joint filler shall be heat-resistant and shall comply with one of the following standards: ASTM D 994, ASTM D 1751, ASTM D 1752, ASTM D 3204 Type I, closed-cell polyethylene or ASTM D 3204 Type II open-cell polyurethane.

2 02 06 Bondbreaker
Bondbreaker tapes shall be self-adhesive polyethylene or polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) tapes.

2 02 07 Hot-applied Joint Sealant for Concrete Pavement


Note: Guidance on selection of joint sealant may be obtained from BS 2499:Pt. 2 Joint sealant shall comply with 01.0 BS 2499 type N1 (high extension)] 02.0 BS 2499 type N2 (low extension)] 03.0 BS 2499 type F1 (high extension, fuelresistant)] 04.0 BS 2499 type F2 (low extension, fuel-resistant)] 05.0 ASTM D 1190 (hot-poured elastic type) 06.0 ASTM D 3406 (hot-applied elastomeric type, for portland cement paving)

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

2 03

Miscellaneous Pavement

2 03 01 Concrete Tiling
2 03 01 01 Concrete Flags (Tiles)
Note: For dimensions and flexural strength required in BS 7263 see Annex 7: Specifier Information, Table 2 Concrete flags (tiles) shall be made from concrete by the wet pressed or semi-dry process and shall be sound and free of any defects that impair the strength or performance of the pavement. For flags (tiles) manufactured with two-part mixes, the surface layer shall be formed as an integral part of the flag and shall be not less than 12 mm thick. The surface shall be smooth and plane, free from projections, depressions and crazing. All edges shall be chamfered unless otherwise specified. Arises that will be visible after laying shall be without nibs and fins. The maximum dimensional deviation shall be 3 mm in thickness, 2 mm in length and width, 3 mm for squareness of plan for flags not exceeding 450 mm length/width and 6 mm for flags exceeding 450 mm length/width. The surface colour shall be natural unless otherwise specified. Except as mentioned before, 01.0 concrete flags shall comply with BS 7263 and shall have sizes and thickness as indicated hereafter. The min. traverse (flexural) strength shall be as given in the Standard. 01.1 01.2 01.3 01.4 Type A, nominal size 600x450 mm, thickness 50 mm. Type A, nominal size 600x450 mm, thickness 63 mm. Type B, nominal size 600x600 mm, thickness 50 mm. Type B, nominal size 600x600 mm, thickness 63 mm. 02.0 concrete flags shall comply with DIN 485 having sizes and thickness as indicated hereafter and shall have a min. average traverse (flexural) strength of 6 N/mm2 with no individual unit less than 5 N/mm2. 02.1 02.2 02.3 02.4 Nominal size 300x300x40 mm (length x width x thickness). Nominal size 350x350x50 mm (length x width x thickness). Nominal size 400x400x50 mm (length x width x thickness). Nominal size 500x500x60 mm (length a width x thickness).

2 03 01 02 Bedding Sand
Bedding sand shall be clean sand graded from 0,075 - 9,5 mm. Not more than 10% shall pass the 0,075 mm sieve.

2 03 01 03 Bedding Mortar
Bedding mortar shall be sand:cement mortar 1:3 using 100% passing the 4,75 mm sieve, however, not more than 10% shall pass the 0,075 mm sieve.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

2 03 02 Interlocking Concrete Block Paving


2 03 02 01 Interlocking Concrete Blocks (Pavers)
Interlocking concrete blocks shall be made from concrete (normal weight aggregate) and shall be sound and free of defects that interfere with a proper placing or impair the strength or performance of the pavement. Any admixture to concrete shall be shown by test and experience not to be detrimental to concrete. In composite blocks the surface (wearing) layer shall be formed as an integral part of the block and shall be not less than 5 mm thick. When the wearing course is chamfered the chamfer shall not exceed 7 mm in width or depth. All arises shall be uniform in shape. The max. dimensional deviation from work sizes shall not exceed 2 mm in length and width and 3 mm in thickness. The surface colour shall be natural unless otherwise specified. Except as mentioned before, 01.0 interlocking concrete blocks shall comply with BS 6717 and shall have an average compressive strength of 49 N/mm2 with no individual block less than 40 N/mm2. 01.1 The block thickness shall be 60 mm. 01.2 The block thickness shall be 65 mm. 01.3 The block thickness shall be 80 mm. 01.4 The block thickness shall be 100 mm. 02.0 interlocking concrete blocks shall comply with DIN 18501 and shall have an average compressive strength not less than 60 N/mm2 with no individual block less than 50 N/mm2. 02.1 The block thickness shall be 60 mm. 02.2 The block thickness shall be 80 mm. 02.3 The block thickness shall be 100 mm. 02.4 The block thickness shall be 120 mm. 02.5 The block thickness shall be 140 mm. 3.0 interlocking concrete blocks shall comply with ASTM C 936 and shall have an average compressive strength not less than 55 N/mm2 with no individual unit less than 50 N/mm2. The abrasion resistance shall not exceed 3 mm when tested in accordance with ASTM C 418, block thickness not exceeding 140 mm. 4.0 04.1 04.2 The shape/pattern shall be:

System Behaton. System Classico.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

04.3 04.4

System Delta. System Holland. 4.5 System Uni.

05.0

The surface colour shall be subject to approval by the Engineer.

2 03 02 02 Sand for Bedding Course


Sand for bedding course shall be clean sand graded from 0,075 - 9,5 mm maximum. Not more than 10% shall pass the 0,075 mm sieve.

2 03 03 Synthetic (Proprietary) Surfacing


Note: to be specified by the project specifier!

2 04

Miscellaneous Materials

2 04 01 Concrete Kerbs, Channels (gutters), and Edgings


Concrete kerbs, channels and edgings shall be of plain precast concrete, made by any process (semi-dry, wet-pressed or wet-cast), max. aggregate size 20 mm, concrete class minimum C 15 (See Section 03300 Cast-in-Place-Concrete). For units manufactured with two-part mixes, the surface layer shall be formed as an integral part of the unit and shall be not less than 25 mm. Kerbs, channels and edgings shall comply with BS 7263 having minimum traverse (flexural) strength (see Annex 6, ref. Table 4), shapes and dimensions as indicated in the Standard and the project drawings. Kerbs, channels and edgings shall have a fairfaced finish on faces which will be visible after laying and all arises shall be straight and without any nibs and fins. The maximum dimensional deviation shall be +-3 mm in length, width or height, 2 mm squareness clearance, and 2 mm in straightness and winding for units over 550 mm and 1 mm for units up to 400 mm. The colour shall be natural unless otherwise indicated.

2 04 02 Pavement Marking Paint


The paint shall be used as reflectorizing marking on bituminous and concrete surfaces and shall be certified for the intended use. The paint formula shall be based on plasticized chlorinated rubber, modified epoxy ester, or modified drying oil alkyd. 01.0 Paint shall comply with AASHTO M 248. 02.0 Paint shall comply with BS 6044 type A. 03.0 The colour shall be white 04.0 The colour shall be yellow

2 05

Mixes

2 05 01 Asphalt Concrete Mixes


At least thirty (30) days before the contractor intends to start production of asphalt concrete, he shall submit to the Engineer all necessary documents including mix design, gradation of aggregate and filler, results of trial mixes such as specific gravity and density determination
GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

(AASHTO T 209 or ASTM D 2041) and determination of aggregate gradation and asphalt content (AASHTO T 164 or ASTM D 2172). Any time a change in gradation or proportions of mix is intended to make, all necessary documents shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval prior to first delivery. The hot-mix asphalt concrete mixture shall consist of asphalt cement, aggregate and filler blended together in precise proportions. The job mix-design selected by the contractor shall be suitable and adequate for the traffic, climatic conditions, and specific gravity of the aggregates used and shall be based on the Marshall or Hveem method or shall comply with ASTM D 3515. The appropriate job-mix formula shall be developed from trial mixes to determine one that meets all criteria of the specification and the design method used. Any variation from the job-mix formula in the grading of the aggregate as shown by sieve analysis or any variation in bitumen content as indicated by extraction tests of the finished mixture greater than values shown in Annex 6, ref. 2 06 01/Table 3 shall be investigated and corrected. Grading of combined aggregate and bitumen content shall conform to the requirements of Annex 6 / Table 3. Unless otherwise specified the nominal maximum aggregate size of the mixture shall be: -37,5 mm for sub-base course -19 mm for base course-12,5 mm for surface (wearing) course Materials shall be mixed in a continuous or batch-type mixing plant. The mixing plant shall be equipped and maintained in compliance with ASTM D 995 and shall be approved by the Engineer. At no time during the processing, from storage to mixing, the temperature of asphalt cement shall exceed 176 . C The aggregate shall be dried and delivered to the mixer at a temperature such that the mixture will be produced at a temperature within the range suited to the asphalt cement as given in Annex 6 / Table 3. The temperature between the given limits shall be regulated according to the grade of asphalt cement, ambient temperature and workability of the mixture. Each size of aggregate shall be separately fed by feeders in proper proportion and at a rate to allow correct and uniform temperature control of the heating and drying operation.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

3
3 01

Part 3: Execution
General Examination

Before any operation starts, Contractor's site engineer shall check that all areas to be paved have been prepared to specified grades, levels and alignments.

3 02

General Preparation

Contractor's site engineer shall make sure that all necessary tests, inspections and preparations have been made before paving operations start. Checking good working condition and proper adjustment/calibration of all equipment. (See ref. 1 06 04 01Internal Quality Control)) Positions and levels of existing utility lines and any other underground structure shall be located and marked by the Contractor according to information obtained from utility owners.

3 03

Installation

3 03 01 Asphalt Concrete Paving


3 03 01 01 Preparation
Preparation of Subgrade (See section 02200 Earthwork) Holes and depressions in granular surfaces shall be repaired by removing all loose and defective material and replacing with granular patching material approved by the Engineer. Bumps, wave-like formations and corrugations which impair the riding quality of the surface shall be removed and leveled to tolerances as specified. Immediately prior to application of a prime coat, all loose and deleterious material shall be removed by sweeping and, if the surface is dusty, the granular surface shall be dampened with water.

3 03 01 02 Prime and Tack Coating


Prime coats and tack coats shall be applied by a pressure distributor. In places the distributor cannot reach, prime- and tack coats shall be applied with a hand spray attached to the distributor by a hose. The distributor shall be equipped with a bitumeter having a dial registering travel per minute. The dial shall be visible to the driver/operator that he can maintain the constant speed required for application at the specified rate. The pump shall be equipped with a tachometer having a dial registering litres per minute passing through the nozzles. The dial shall be readily visible to the operator. Means of accurately indicating the temperature of asphaltic material shall be provided. The thermometer well shall not be in contact with the heating tube. The normal width of application of the spray bar shall be not less than 3 m, however with provision for the application of width less than 3 m if necessary. The distributor shall be provided with heating attachments. The asphaltic material shall be circulated during the entire process.

3 03 01 02 01

Prime Coating

As prime coat a medium-curing cutback asphalt


GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

01.0 grade MC-30 shall be applied at a rate between 0,9 to 2,3 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. 02.0 grade MC-70 shall be applied at a rate between 0,9 to 2,3 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. 03.0 grade MC-250 shall be applied at a rate between 0,9 to 2,3 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. If after a normal curing time (about 24 hours) some of the asphalt still has not been absorbed into the base, the excess cutback shall be blotted with clean sand. Blotting includes spreading sand over the prime coated surface and rolling it with a pneumatic-tired roller. Before hot-mix asphalt concrete can be placed, however, excess sand shall be swept away. Recommended Spraying Temperatures: Grade MC-30: Minimum 30 deg.C Grade MC-70: Minimum 30 deg.C Grade MC-250: Minimum 75 deg.C The maximum temperature shall be below that at which fogging occurs.

3 03 01 02 02
As tack coat a diluted bitumen emulsion

Tack Coating

01.0 grade SS-1 shall be applied at a rate between 0,25 to 0,7 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. 02.0 grade SS-1h shall be applied at a rate between 0,25 to 0,7 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. 03.0 grade CSS-1 shall be applied at a rate between 0,25 to 0,7 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. 04.0 grade CSS-1h shall be applied at a rate between 0,25 to 0,7 litres/m2 as determined by trial tests and approved by the Engineer. The bitumen emulsion shall be diluted with equal parts of water. Work shall be planned so that no more tack coat is applied than it is necessary for the day's operation. Recommend Spraying Temperatures: Grade SS-1: Grade SS-1h: 20-70 deg.C 20-70 deg.C

Grade CSS-1: 20-70 deg.C Grade CSS-1h: 20-7- deg.C

3 03 01 03 Asphalt Concrete Spreading, Placing and Compaction 3 03 01 03 01 Spreading and Placing


Hot-mix asphalt concrete shall be spread and finished true-to-line and graded by means of an automatically controlled paving unit except that the use of a paving unit may be waived and a manually controlled paver or hand methods may be used on irregular sections not accessible by a

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

paving unit. However, any equipment used by the contractor shall be approved by the Engineer. Asphalt concrete shall be placed in consecutive, adjacent strips with a minimum width of 3 m except where edge lanes require strips with less width. Placing shall begin along the centre line of crowned sections or on the high side of areas with a one-way slope. Asphalt concrete subbase, base course and surface (wearing) course shall be placed in layers not exceeding 100 mm unless otherwise specified. When handlaying is necessary, asphalt concrete shall be placed on a clean hard surface and shall be protected from loss of heat and any possible contamination. The asphalt concrete shall be spread by hand in a loose uniform layer of even texture, taking precautions to minimize segregation. Immediately after material in any layer is placed, and before being rolled, the surface shall be inspected and all defects and irregularities in alignment, grade or texture corrected. The vertical faces of gullies, curbs, channels and the like, against which the asphalt concrete is placed, shall be cleaned and primed prior to placing asphalt concrete. Gullies and similar projections shall be raised to their final level only after laying base course but before laying the surface wearing course. The asphalt concrete shall be tamped around and against such projections by means of hot tampers. The finished surface shall be left flush with the top of but not more than 3 mm above such projections. Unless otherwise specified, the finished surface of any course and layer shall be laid as follows: -Cross Falls: In case of roads with a straight cross fall, the fall shall be not more than 3% nor less than 2%. -Camber: With roads to be cambered the average fall of the finished surface from the crown to the channel shall be not more than 3% nor less than 2%. -Longitudinal Fall: Longitudinal drainage falls in the channel (gutter) shall have a gradient of not less than 0,8%. Priming and placing asphalt concrete shall not be carried out when the weather conditions are, in the opinion of the Engineer, likely to affect quality of work. Such conditions may include rain, temperatures below 5 deg C. or sand storms.

3 03 01 03 02
marked with asterisk (*) !

Rolling and Compacting


Note: Select one of the options

For compaction of asphalt concrete paving two-axle tandem steel-tired rollers, pneumatic-tired rollers, or vibratory rollers may be used unless otherwise approved by the Engineer. The asphalt concrete mixture shall be compacted as soon as the hotmix can be compacted without displacement at a temperature taking in consideration grade of asphalt, content of filler, temperature of the base, thickness of layer, ambient temperature and wind velocity and as approved by the Engineer. At no times compaction shall be performed if the temperature of the spread asphalt concrete mix is below 85 deg C. Compaction shall start by rolling in longitudinal direction from the sides to the centre of the surfaced area, overlapping on successive passes by
GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

at least half the width of the roll until thoroughly compacted and all roller marks have disappeared. The compaction achieved shall be adequate to obtain full strength in each course and layer and to assist adhesion throughout the pavement. The contractor shall establish a test strip by which a rolling pattern to assure achievement of the required target density and the proper riding quality can be proved. * 01.0 The density shall be not less than 92 % of the maximum theoretical density as determined by AASHTO T 209 * 02.0 The density shall be not less than 96 % of the average density of 6 laboratory prepared specimens according to AASHTO T 245.

3 03 01 03 03
Longitudinal Joints

Longitudinal and Traverse Joints

Offsetting of longitudinal joints in the various courses of asphalt concrete shall be at least 150 mm. Longitudinal joints shall be rolled directly behind the spreading operation. The first lane placed shall be true to line and grade and shall have a near vertical face. Before it is compacted, the material along unsupported edges should be butted and slightly elevated with a tamping tool. The material being placed in the abutting lane should be tightly crowded against the vertical face of the previously placed lane. The loose uncompacted material should be left sufficiently high to allow for compaction to the depth of previously rolled and compacted lane. When the abutting lane is not placed in the same day, the edge of the lane shall be tack-coated with asphalt before placing the adjacent lane. Traverse Joints At the end of a day's work, the asphalt concrete pavement shall be cut off vertically so that a full depth lift can be placed squarely against it. Before paving is continued, the face of the traverse joint shall be tackcoated. When the paving operation has been continued, excess hot-mix asphalt concrete shall be cleaned-off the surface and the evenness of the joint shall be checked with a straightedge. If the joint is satisfactory, a 150 mm width of the hot-mix asphalt concrete is rolled transversely and the joint shall be checked for smoothness. If the joint is satisfactory, transverse rolling is continued in 150 to 300 mm wide increments until the entire width of the roller is on the new hot-mix. If straightedging shows an uneven joint, the surface of the newly placed asphalt concrete shall be scarified while still warm and workable. Excess material shall be removed or additional material added, and the joint rolled. During rolling, timbers shall be placed along the edge of a lane to prevent the roller from driving off the longitudinal edge and distorting it.

3 03 01 03 04

Surface Tolerances

After completion of the final rolling, the smoothness of the course will be checked, and any irregularities that exceed the specified tolerances, or that water retains on the surface, shall be corrected. Surface variations measured from the base of the straightedge to the surface of the pavement shall not exceed 3 mm in 3 m parallel to the centerline and not more than 6 mm in 3 m at right angles to the centerline. Any irregularity that vary more than these tolerances shall be marked and corrected by suitable tools before the next layer is placed. The use of a bush hammer or any other impact devices will not be permitted.
GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

3 03 01 04 Field Quality Control


All required tests may be performed in conjunction with the laboratory/agency contracted by the Contractor and approved by the Engineer to inspect and supervise asphalt concrete production as mentioned under ref. 1 06 04 02 'External Quality Control'.

3 03 01 04 01

Uncompacted Hot-mix Asphalt Pavement

Visual inspection of each shipment prior to placing to determine unsatisfactory conditions e.g. non-uniform appearance, lean or dry mix, flushing of mix etc. Checking supplier's delivery ticket of each delivery for completeness and compliance with supply order and specification. To conform compliance with the job-mix formula, samples of hot mix shall be taken at the point of delivery and extraction tests in compliance with AASHTO T 168 or ASTM D 2172 to determine aggregate gradation and bitumen content shall be performed for every 500 tons of asphalt concrete but at least one analysis per day. Test results not deviating from tolerances given in Annex 6/Table 3 will be taken as an indication for compliance but not as the sole basis for acceptance or rejection.

3 03 01 04 02

Compacted Hot-mix Asphalt Pavement

After final compaction of asphalt concrete, samples shall be taken in compliance with AASHTO T 230 from locations as directed by the Engineer. One set of five samples shall be taken by core drilling in compliance with AASHTO T 168 for every 200 m run but at least for every 1000 m2 of paving. The following tests shall be performed: -Thickness of layers -Density and specific gravity of asphalt concrete (AASHTO T 166) Alternatively, density may be proved by using the nuclear method according to ASTM D 2950 -Degree of pavement compaction (AASHTO T 230)

3 03 02 Concrete Paving
3 03 02 01 Preparation 3 03 02 02 Concrete Placing 3 03 02 03 Surface Tolerances
See Section 03300 Cast-in-Place-Concrete

3 03 02 04 Expansion and Contraction Joints


Expansion and contraction joints shall be located as indicated in the project documents and shall be prepared as specified in Section 03300 Cast-in-Place- Concrete. For joint filling the joints shall be dry, cleaned of scale, dirt, dust, curing compound, foreign matter prior to application. Cleaning shall be accomplished with suitable tools designed for cleaning pavement joints. Then, the joint faces shall be sandblasted to form a key and finally cleaned by compressed air just before primer and sealant application. To control the depth of sealant and to support the sealant against indentation and sag, the bottom of the joint shall be filled with a joint filler which shall recover to maintain contact with the joint faces when

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

the joint is still open. A bondbreaker tape shall be applied on top when recommended by the manufacturer of the sealant or joint filler. Where a primer is recommended by the manufacturer of the sealant or is part of the joint filling system, the primer shall be certified by the manufacturer for the intended use and shall be applied in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. The sealant shall be heated to and maintained at a temperature as recommended by the manufacturer and shall be pressed into the sealing slots using suitable professional equipment according to manufacturer's instructions. The joint shall be filled to within 3 to 5 mm below flush with the adjacent concrete pavement to a minimum depth of 25 mm unless otherwise specified. The primer and the sealant shall be compatible with the bondbreaker tape and the joint filler. Any excess material shall be immediately scraped from the pavement surface with suitable tools. Before hardening and being solidified, the sealant shall be protected from damage caused by weather, dust, traffic and any other contamination.

3 03 03 Miscellaneous Paving
3 03 03 01 Concrete Flag (Tile) Paving
Wherever possible, cutting flags shall be avoided. When necessary, it shall be carried out by using professional tools designed for such purpose. Concrete fill around projections and obstructions will not be allowed except where unavoidable.

3 03 03 01 01

Preparation

Preparation of Subgrade (See Section 02200 Earthwork) Before any laying operation begins, adequate edge restraints (e.g. curbs, edgings, channels or rigid abutments) shall have gained sufficient strength to support traffic loads and allow for compaction of bedding course.

3 03 03 01 02

Bedding on Mortar

A 1:3 cement:sand mortar shall be spread over the base course or prepared subgrade to give a thickness of 25 mm after full compaction. Flags shall be laid to pattern with close joints (2-4 mm) on the full mortar bed and bedded to line and level by using a pavior's maul. Where spread mortar has begun to set without being covered by flags, it shall be removed and replaced by fresh mortar. When mortar has set, fine sand shall be brushed into the joints and completely filled.

3 03 03 01 03

Bedding on granular Material

Sand (See ref. 2 03 01 02) shall be spread to give a nominal thickness of minimum 25 mm after placing of flags and shall be leveled and screeded. Flags shall be laid to pattern with close joints (2-4 mm) on the undisturbed granular bedding material and bedded to line and level by using a pavior's maul. After placing, fine sand shall be brushed into the joints until completely filled.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

3 03 03 01 04

Surface Tolerances

Maximum permissible deviation from design level will be +- 6 mm and -0 +6 mm for flags abutting channels or other fittings. The flatness when measured from the base of a 3 m straight-edge shall not exceed 5 mm. The difference in level between adjacent flags shall not exceed 3 mm.

3 03 03 02 Interlocking Concrete Block Paving 3 03 03 02 01 Preparation


Subgrade preparation (See section 02200 Earthwork) Before any laying and compaction begins, adequate edge restraints (e.g. curbs, edgings, channels or rigid abutments) and any concrete haunching shall have gained sufficient strength to support traffic loads and allow for compacting of bedding course and paving blocks. Haunching of edge restraints on the paving face shall be vertical down to the level of the underside of the bedding course.

3 03 03 02 02

Laying

A 50 mm thick sand bedding course shall be spread over the prepared subgrade or granular base course, leveled and compacted. When setting up screeding rails to prepare the bedding course, allowance shall be made for the subsequent compaction of the bedding course and the pavement blocks Then, a further 15 mm thick layer of fine sand shall be spread to create a loose surface on which paving blocks can be laid. Pavements setts shall be laid with close joints to pattern, line and level as indicated in the project drawings or the like. After compaction of the pavement blocks, fine sand shall be spread over the surface and brushed into the joints. Revibration shall be carried out until the joints are completely filled.

3 03 03 02 03

Compaction

The paved surface shall be compacted using a plate compactor with a plate area of not less than 0,25 m2. Transmitting force shall be not less than 75 KN/m2.

3 03 03 02 04

Surface Tolerances

Maximum permissible deviation from design level shall be +- 6 mm. The flatness when measured from the base of a 3 m straightedge shall not exceed 10 mm at no time. The difference in level between adjacent blocks shall not exceed 2 mm.

3 03 04 Miscellaneous Works
3 03 04 01 Concrete Kerbs and Edgings 3 03 04 01 01 3 03 04 01 02 Preparation Placing
Preparation of Subgrade (See section 02200 Earthwork)

Kerbs, channels and edgings shall be placed on a well compacted bed of semi-dry concrete of at least grade C 15 and lined and leveled along the top and front faces. (See Annex 6 / Figure 1) Units shall be backed and haunched with semi-dry concrete of at least grade C 15.

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Construction adjacent to kerbs, channels and edgings shall not proceed until bedding, backing and haunching have reached sufficient strength to avoid displacement. Any movement joint in the adjacent roads and parking areas shall be continued through the units and its beds, backing and haunching unless otherwise specified. Where curves are to be constructed, straight units shall be used except for curves with a radius of 12 m or less.

3 03 04 01 03
with asterisk (*) !

Joints

Note: Select one of the options marked

* 01.0 Units shall be laid with close dry joints. * 02.0 Units shall be laid with joints between 5-7 mm and filled with compacted 1:4 cement:sand mortar.

3 03 04 01 04

Tolerances

Units shall be aligned so that they do not deviate more than 3 mm from their design alignment. The difference in level and alignment of adjacent units shall not exceed 3 mm.

3 03 04 02 Pavement Marking
The surface to be painted shall cure for a period of at least 7 days for asphalt concrete and 28 days cement concrete and shall be dry and free from loose particles. The paint shall be applied when the air temperature is between 10 25 deg C. with relative humidity not exceeding 85% and the surface temperature is less than 40 degC. The paint shall be applied by a professional striping equipment to give a stripe having a wet film thickness not exceeding 0,4 mm if the average texture depth of the surface is not greater than 1,5 mm or a stripe having a wet film thickness not exceeding 0,6 mm if the average texture depth is greater than 1,5 mm. Before the paint starts drying, solid glass beads shall be applied evenly at a rate of 0,40 kg/m2 to 0,50 kg/m2. All areas shall be kept free from traffic until all the painted surfaces have dried to no pick-up by tires.

3 03 05 Synthetic (Proprietary) Surfacing


Note: Specify if any!

3 04 3 05

Field Quality Control Adjusting and Cleaning

Discarded asphalt and cement concrete, remainder of cut and broken flags, paving blocks, curbs and the like shall be immediately collected after placing and removed off site.

3 06

Demonstration
Note: State requirements to demonstrate the operation and maintenance of equipment to

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

the Employers personnel, including training if required!

3 07

Protection

All paved surfaces shall be kept free from traffic until pavement has set. For pavement not subjected to traffic adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent any damage during construction. Curbs, edgings and other vulnerable construction shall be protected by temporary casings when likely getting damaged by Contractor's heavy equipment.

3 08

Schedules
Note: Include schedules (e.g. door schedule) to indicate what to put where, and provide other co-ordinating data if necessary!

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

4
4 01

Part 4: Method of Measurement


General

The quantities to be paid will be measured in place or will be determined from drawings. The area surfaced is to be measured up to the bounding component where necessary. Where work is measured by area no deductions for voids/intrusions (e.g. manhole cover etc.) shall be made for voids not exceeding one (1) m2. The width of each layer/course of material will be measured at the top of the surface.

4 02

Units of Measurement

Paving and Surfacing will be measured by m2 for each specified material, for each specified thickness. Curbs, edgings, channels and the like will be measured by linear m along the exposed face. Concrete flags and pavement blocks will be measured on the exposed side of the surface Road and pavement marking will be measured by linear m excluding gaps in intermittent markings. Expansion joints in concrete pavement will be measured by linear m for each specified thickness

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

5
5 01

Part 5: Basis of Payment


General

Payment will be in full compensation for furnishing, hauling and placing materials, for rolling and compacting and for all labour and use of plant, equipment, tools, traffic control, testing, samples, quality assurance, and all other operations to perform the work, including ancillary works. Material which is unnecessarily wasted, disposed off site, or otherwise misused, shall be replaced at Contractors expense. No payment will be made for unauthorized operations. Material or work which does not conform to specification requirements shall be removed and replaced on Contractors expense.

5 02

Ancillary Works to be included in the Unit Price Rates

The unit price rate for pavement shall include paving around openings, sloped surfaces, closing up temporary openings, connections to existing structures by cutting and milling, preparation, cleaning, maintaining, for each material, of each specified course thickness. The unit price rate for concrete curbs and edgings shall include reinforcing steel, jointing, excavation, backfilling and concrete bedding and haunching, for any location, for straight, curved and depressed runs. The unit price rate for flags and paving blocks shall include jointing, for any location, for corners, and ramped and dropped crossings. The unit price rate for expansion joints in concrete pavement shall include joint reinforcement (if any), formwork, joint filling and sealing. All other movement joints will be included in the unit price rate for concrete paving. The unit price rate for bituminous prime coats shall include blotting with sand for areas where asphalt has not been absorbed into the base.

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

6
6 01
6 01 01
S i e v e s i z e 0 , 6 0 m m 0 , 3 0 m m 0 , 0 7 5 m m

Annex: Tables and Figures


Tables
Mineral Filler
Table 1: Gradation for Mineral Filler Mass percent passing (by weight)

100 95-100 70-100

6 01 02

Asphalt Concrete
Table 2: Typical Composition of Asphalt Concrete
Mix Designation and Nominal Maximum Size of Aggregate

Siev Total Percent Passing (by weight)

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Asp halt Ce men t, wei ght perc ent of Tot al Mixt ure

6 01 03
Sieve Size in. (12.5 mm) and larger 3/8 in. (9.5 mm) and No. 4 (4.75 mm)

Tolerances
Table 3: Tolerances from Job-mix Formula
+/- 8 +/- 7 +/- 6 +/- 5 +/- 3 +/- 0.5

No. 8 (2.36 mm) and No. 16 (1.18 mm) No. 30 (600 micrometer) and No. 50 (300 microm.) No. 200 (75 micrometer) Bitumen content, weight % of total mixture

Temperature Range Biturme n Asphalt cement (conventional Mixes) F 2 5 0 t o C 1 2 1

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing 3 2 5 . 1 t o 1 6 2 . 7

6 01 04

Kerbs, Channels and Edgings


Table 4: Concrete Kerbs, Channels (gutters), and Edgings

Table : Transverse strength of kerbs, channels and edgings Depth as tested (see note:1) mm 150 125 125 50 50 50 Width as tested mm 305 150 255 255 205 150 Failing load (see note:2) kN 22.2 8.0 13.3 3.1 2.7 2.0

Dropper Kerbs 125 255 to 150 10.3

NOTE 1- Units are placed in the testing machine with the depth as tested being the smallest dimension. NOTE 2- The failing load for kerbs of various lengths may be obtained by extrapolation. e.g. if the failing load for a 125 mm X 255 mm X 915 mm kerb tested on a span of 750 mm is 13.3 kN, the failing load for a 550 mm kerb of the same cross section tested on a span of x mm will be 13.3 X (750/x) kN. NOTE 3- Outlet kerbs. quadrants and angle kerbs are not tested for transverse strength.

6 02
6 02 01

Figures
Edgings and Kerbs

Fig. 1: Typical section through a paved footway with rear edging

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Fig. 2: Types of kerbs

Fig. 3: Types of kerbs, shapes

Fig. 4: Edgings and angle kerbs

6 02 02

Crossings

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Fig. 5: Ramped crossing

Fig. 6: Dropped crossing

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

Fig. 7: Ramped crossing with over-run areas using small element flaps

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Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

6 02 03

Corners

Fig. 8: Runout corner

Fig. 9: New town corner

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

7
7 01

Annex: Specifier Information


Concrete Flags (Tiles)

Table 1: Flag sizes according to BS 7263 Part 1

Flag sizes F W o r T h

Table 2: Travers strength of flags according to BS 7263 Part 1

Transverse strength of flags


F Minimum failing load for thickness

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Division 02 Sitework Section 02500 Paving and Surfacing

7 02

Interlocking Concrete Blocks (Pavers)

GSBC - Ministry of Public Works and Housing - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia