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hampton hill junior school Hampton Hill Junior School

Garden Project
Debbie Israel
k0731746
May 2009

3.0 Play Now


Kingston University
Landscape Architecture
Site location

The site is located in the garden of Hampton Hill Junior School in the leafy suburb
of Hampton Hill, Richmond, UK.

Brief
FAMILY CENTRE at HAMPTON HILL JUNIOR SCHOOL The former caretakers house x
and garden adjacent to the school are to be converted and extended to accommodate
a new ‘Family Centre’. The garden will be visually linked and accessed from the new link
building between the house and school and will be focussed around a ‘hearing garden’
x
and sensory qualities for under 5’s accompanying adults to the centre.
Analysis - first impressions

A small space with good potential for an interesting garden.

Not very much vegetation to work with aside from a non-descript bush and a large
tree off site on the eastern edge.

It felt very lifeless but this could have been due to the onsite construction and a very
rainy day.

The surrounding buildings seem overpowering almost - but in retrospect this is


good for monitoring the young children.
Analysis - access points

N N

The two plans an the right show current and proposed


access points to the garden.

The proposed being once the new build on the old


caretakers house is complete.

There will be one new entrance from the double doors


of the new build.

The entrance on the north side through the wooden fence


is one that could be widened should the fence be re-
moved.

The entrance on the eastern side of the house could be


restricted with a lockable gate to ensure children do not
leave the garden and unwanted visitiors do not enter.

current proposed
Analysis - proximity to other buildings Analysis - site boundaries

N
N

The garden is connected closely to Looking at the plan on the right, the
the three surrounding school dashed red lines show the current wood-
buildings on the south side, north en fences, whilst the solid black lines are
east and northern end. Small building brick walls.

The residential blocks on the eastern All fences can be replaced while the
side are approximately 21 meters northern brick wall is part of the neighbour-
away from the garden so should not ing building.
suffer too much from noise from the
garden. I would leave the brick wall on the eastern
Existing school building

side of the caretakers house and fit a


This corner of the garden is also the lockable gate where the passage meets
only area that is not under the shad- the garden - to keep children in and un-
ow of a building and while exposed wanted visitors out.
in winter months, is sheltered by the
tree on the outskirts of the property
the rest of the year.

Residential homes
Existing out building
Analysis - views from garden Analysis - viewpoints onto the garden

These photos are of the the site


prior and during construction.

a - looking south west


b - looking south Almost all areas of the garden are visible
c - looking north east a from the neighbouring school and old
caretakers house, from ground level up
d - looking north
to the first floor of each building.
The north eastern corner is the only
area not in close proximity to a The only area not directly visible from ei-
building. It is very close to the tall ther building is the eastern corner of the
tree just off site and feels quite open. caretakers house - the small passage
way connecting the front to the back
along the side of the house.

This area could potentially pose a prob-


lem of children wandering out or unwant-
b ed
visitors entering the property and so
Existing school building

should be secured with a lockable gate.

Existing out building

d c
Analysis: sun path study 1 - january

07:30am 10:30am

click to play

16:30pm 13:30pm
Analysis: sun path study 2 - april

07:30am 10:30am

click to play

16:30pm 13:30pm
Analysis: sun path study 3 - july

07:30am 10:30am

click to play

16:30pm 13:30pm
Analysis: sun path study 4 - october

07:30am 10:30am

click to play

16:30pm 13:30pm
Analysis: site conclusions Analysis: stage of learning
Based upon Jean Piget’s Stages of Learning/Theory of Cognitive Development http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/develop-
ment/piaget.shtml

2-5yr old stages of learning language


learning ego centric thinking
blue oval Good natural shelter and visible
engagement in make
from buildings.
believe
A great place for play area of
classifies objects by single
different levels and story-time/
features
gathering area.
early years play space -challenging spaces for
orange oval Wall alongside neighbouring requirements growth & experimentation
building, fully visible. -simple structures for step
Good spot for den/shelter - dis- ping, climbing & balancing
tracts wall height. -feature-free space for inve-
ntive play
green oval Central space, fully visible, full
-shelter & shade through
sun.
planting or fixed features
A possible play area to break up
-balance of soft and hard
main space.
landscaping
pink oval Close proximity to buildings, pos- -security and access
sible distraction. -changes in topography,
Good area for adult seating/rest. levels and colour
-transitional space next to
pink circles Corner space of building, along- exit for decision making
side windows. -quiet reflective play
Ideal for planting.

yellow arrow New corner entrance.


Aims
-to create a calm garden atmosphere for 2-5 year olds that has learning elements to engage and enjoy.
-the space will offer flexibility, providing place for inter-play and also quiet con templation, for children and adults.

Objectives
-the garden proposal will feature various natural elements that surprise and stimulate with movement and sound.
-there will be a mixture of surface textures, hard and soft, with gathering places, seating and a sheltered den.
-planting selection is of low maintenance, safe plants that complement the space.
-level changes will be created with onsite cut and fill.
Proposal 1: natural water
A water element adds life to any
space, large or small.

Two proposed water interven-


tions are proposed for this gar-
den: A Cascade Wall on the
eastern boundary wall, and
jumping fountains found hid-
den amongst a central lavender
hedge maze.

While the jumping fountain adds


a playful feature to the garden,
inviting the user to chase the
stream, the cascade wall creates
a space of calm and serenity.

The fountain requires a small


opening in the ground and a
tiny pool of water so any po-
tential risks with water and 2-5
year olds is minimal. The cas-
cade wall has a depth of approx.
20cm.

p r e c e d e n t
Proposal 2: greenery
Changes in topography and levels are
important for neural development in
young children. Play spaces should
always include a variation of soft and
hard landscaping with challenging
spaces for stepping, balancing and
climbing.

The proposed‘moss pit’ at the east-


ern wall cascade edge is a space of
mossy squares of earth with slight
changes in levels .

There is minimal risk as the surface is


soft and can also be used as an area
adults could relax, converse or watch
over their children.
The animation to the right shows an example of the space.

Undulating lawns also add a variation


in levels, allowing children to safely- click to play
climb or roll down a slight gradient:
1:15.

p r e c e d e n t
Proposal 3: lavender hedge maze

The lavender (lavandula augustifolia)


hedge maze is a central element to
the garden, providing colour and the
wonderful smell of lavender.

Grown as a hedge maze, it replaced


the traditional yew-type hedge maze,
with a flash of colour.

The proposed hedge would be main-


ained to a height of around 2-3feet.
Just enough for 2-5 years olds to hide
and peek over the tops.

p r e c e d e n t
Proposal 4: living herb wall

The herb living wall is proposed for the


western boundary wall of the garden.

Apart from the aesthetical value of


living walls, they have many other
benefits.
- the capacity to provide sound
insulation.
- Increased urban habitat for song
birds and butterflies.
- Health and horticultural therapy
applications.
- Gaseous pollutants are absorbed
through photosynthesis and
airborne particulate matter is
trapped in the leaves.
- Living walls insulate buildings by
external shading, cool industrial
buildings and create
microclimates.

The school’s children can engage in


herb planting and learn the value of Living Wall in The Children’s Society Garden, Chelsea Flower Show 2008
plants for humans. Courtesy of http://www.gardenvisit.com

p r e c e d e n t
Proposal 5: interactive sound

The video right is an interactive sound


machine for children and adults.

A sensor within the pipe reacts to


movement and a sound is emitted.

It does not require an instrument to


play, simply moving one’s hand over
the pipe opening will create a sound.

Different sounds could also be


programmed to play.
Scroll over the coloured spheres to release a different
sound.

Another proposed sound element are


the sound walls, which divide the
cascade wall area from the rest of the
garden. The walls have a circular cut-
out in each decorated with dangling
click toto
click play
play
chimes.

p r e c e d e n t
Design development

N N N

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Garden Plan Proposal
N

scheme Hampton Hill Junior School


4
title Proposed plan of garden

scale 1:50 date 25.02.2009 8


1 Cascade Wall 5
2 Cascade Wall steps 3
3 Grassed cubic steps
4 Main lawn 2
5 Sound Walls
6 Earth undulations 7
7 Lavender hedge maze
8 Decked seating under awning 1 6 9
9 Living herb wall
10 Entrance from Hampton Hill Jr. School

10
scheme Hampton Hill Junior School
title Proposed plan of garden
scale 1:50 date 25.02.2009
A

B B cascade wall bird cherry lavender hedge maze


Prunus padus var. padus Lavandula angustifolia

earth undulations sound walls bird cherry wall chimes cascade wall steps grassy steps sound wall earth undulations herb wall
Prunus padus var. padus

Section A - A Section B - B
Planting Plan
scheme Hampton Hill Junior School

title Planting plan of proposed garden

Plants are selected for low


maintenance, safety and year scale 1:50 date 25.02.2009
round colour.

Small tree selection can be


alternated to include more or
2
less fruiting varieties. Bird Cherry Prunus padus var. padus / Plum Kirkes Blue

Hydrangeas Paniculata Hydrangeas


Children are encouraged to
Camellia Camellia reticulata
engage in herb wall planting
and care. Fuchsia Fuchsia regia 1
Golden Bamboo (potted) Phyllostachys aurea

1 Kidney Grass steps Dichondra repens


2 Rye Grass lawn Lolium perenne
3 Lavender hedge Lavandula augustifolia
3
4 Living Wall Herb Varieties 4
Basil Ocimym basilicum
Plum Kirkes Blue Fuchsia Fuchsia regia Parsley Petroseelinum crispum
Peppermint Mentha piperita
Thyme Thymus vulgaris
Chives Allium schoenoprasum
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
Sage Salvia elegans
Oregano Oregano vulgare
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Lemon Bergamot Monarda Citriodora
Lemon Bergamot Lavender
Living wall details

1/4” Irrigation
Supply line
Brick wall (Every row of panels)

1/2“ Irrigation supply line

metal scaffold 1/2” Supply line


10mm Expanded PVC

Polyamide felt
Copper pipe
1/4“ Irrigation supply line connection to
Copper pipe connected water supply.
to water supply & shut off
valve (contained in waterproof area)
Overflow channel Shut off valve
Overflow channel (contained in waterproof area)
Jumping fountain specifications

Many Jumping Jets can be synchronized to


Jumping Jet Fountains Technical Details
achieve a choreographed display.
Dimensions (L x W x H) - 478mm x 305mm x 555mm

A popular variation on this concept is to have many jump- Light Type - LED RGB Multiple Spotlights
ing jets hidden in different planters. The jets shoot, in se-
quence, from planter to planter, looking like leaping snakes. Power Consumption (mechanical components i.e.pump) - 50
Watts (30% Energy Saving) Fountain system
LED lights with changing colours can also be included Water Jumping Jets Diameter - 12mm (approx 1”)
in the system to add a dynamic effect at night time.
Minimum Water Depth - 200mm (approx 8”)

Maximum Water Depth - 300mm (approx 12”) water can be


Water ARCHES deeper, however, support
pillars would be necessary
Water Angle 75 Degrees - 2 Metres Long - 2 Metres High
Material - Stainless Steel & Plastic
Water Angle 65 Degrees - 3 Metres Long - 1.5 Metres High

Water Angle 40 Degrees - 4 Metres Long - 1 Metre High

http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=UaXOHKjkia8