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WESTERN TRAVEL /ADVENTURE /LIVING

NOVEMBER 1965
a
Desert Magazine Beck Shop
WARRIORS OF THE COLORADO By Jack Forbes. THE TRAILS OF PETE KITCHEN by Gil Proctor.
Covers all Indian tribes of the Colorado River The adventures of Arizona's most famous pio-
and is especially recommended to readers pur- neer, Pete Kitchen, make for exciting reading.
suing the early history of Southern California Send for Free Catalog of our Treasure seekers will find meat in his account
and Arizona. Illustrated with historic photos. of the Treasure of Tumacacori and history buffs
$5.95. Recommended Books will relish this unusual book. Hardcover. $4.95.

THE OLD ONES By Robert Silverberg. Good 30,000 MILES IN MEXICO by Nell Murbarger.
book to introduce the Anasazi—ancestors to the An entertaining travel book that takes you to
Pueblo Indians—to readers newly interested in places you'd never have known about without
cl ff dwellings and ruins of Arizona and Utah. it. $6.
Recommened for young adults (14 or over) as
well. $4.95. WESTERN GHOST TOWNS by Lamber Florin.
Magazine Bookshop First in his series of excellent ghost town
THE LAME CAPTAIN By Sardis W. Templeton. books. More than 200 superb photos of boom
A book eagerly awaited by Pegleg "aficio- PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA 92260 camps and gold towns as they appear today.
nados'' who seek documented information re- Large format, hardcover. $12.50.
garding his life and trails across the desert.
Hardcover, 239 pages. $7.50. Include 25c for postage and handling. GHOST TOWN ALBUM by Lamber Florin. A
vivid, lusty writer gives a good account of the
GOLD! By Gina Allen. How gold since cavemen California Residents add 4 % sales tax. Old West's boom camps with excellent phots
days has incited murder and war, inspired poets of the way they look today. $12.50.
and artisans and borne the commerce of the
world is told in such an exciting fashion that it FIELD NOTES OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM CLARK.
reads like fiction. Recommended for everyone Rough notes by Clark recently discovered in
$5.95. GHOST TOWNS AND MINING CAMPS OF CALI- a St. Paul attic reveal new highlights about
FORNIA by Remi Nadeau. The only good, hard- his exploration with Lewis. Field notes are re-
THE WESTERN HERO By Kent Ladd Steckmesser. cover book on the California ghost towns. We produced along with maps. Large book. Collec-
Here the author presents the straight dope about recommend it highly. $5.95. tor's item. $20.00.
Wild Bill Hickok, Kit Carson, Bill Cody, Billy the
Kid and other heros of the early West, with a REMNANTS OF THE OLD WEST by Harriett SHADY LADIES OF THE WEST by Ronald Dean
good sound theory about what made heros of Farnsworth. The old West's last living characters Miller is a lively account about lively women.
yesterday, and what makes heros of today. were interviewed by this author and the book Hardcover, 224 pages. $6.95.
$5.95. is filled with never-before published tidbits that
PLANTS IN HIS PACK by Janice Beaty. The ad-
deserve recording. An attractive book that makes
ventures of Edward Palmer, first botanist to ex-
ON DESERT TRAILS by Randall Henderson, foun a surprisingly inexpensive and worthwhile gift.
plore remote Guadalupe Island of Baja and to
der and publisher of Desert Magazine for 23 Hardcover. $2.95.
dig into ancient ruins of Utah and Arizona. Long
years. One of the first good writers to reveal
DESERT ANIMALS IN JOSHUA TREE NATIONAL forgotten, a quirk of fate finally brought his
the beauty of the mysterious desert areas. Hen-
MONUMENT by Miller and Stebbins. Excellent remarkable career to light. Recommended for
derson's experiences, combined with his com-
book and first of its kind with thorough text young readers as well as adults. Hardcover,
ments on the desert of yesterday and today,
and good illustrations. Color plates. $10. illustrated. $3.75.
makes this a MUST for those who really want
to understand the desert. 375 pages, illustrated. SILVER THEATER by Margaret Watson. Terrific
Hard cover. $5.00. THE DINOSAUR HUNTERS, Othneil C. Marsh
and Edward D. Cope, by Robert Plate. A dual book for history buffs who appreciate the lusty
biography of the first dinosaur hunters whose theatrical events that shook the early West.
STANDING UP COUNTRY by C. Gregory Cramp- $9.50.
ton. Best book ever written about Utah-Arizona bitter rivalry split the scientific world for about
canyon country Superb color. $15. 25 years but whose exploits of the 1870s and
THE DESERT IS YOURS by Erie Stanley Gardner.
1880s excited the public imagination and made
In his latest book on the desert areas of the
JEEP TRAILS TO COLORADO GHOST TOWNS by dinosaurs a household world. Easy reading, the
West, the author again takes his reader with
Robert L. Brown. An illustrated, detailed, infor- book is packed with action resulting from the
him as he uses every means of transportation to
mal history of life in the mining camps deep in intense fued between Marsh and Cope, both
explore the wilderness areas and sift the facts
the almost inaccessible mountain fastness of the wealthy men who exhausted their fortunes in
and rumors about such famous legends as the
Colorado Rockies. Fifty-eight towns are included th arduous hunt for the creatures of the past.
Lost Arch, Lost Dutchman and Lost Dutch Oven
as examples of the vigorous struggle for exist- 281 pages. Hard cover. $4.95.
mines. 256. pages, illustrated Hard cover. $7.50.
ence in the mining camps of the West. 239
pages, illustrated, end sheet map. Hard cover THE VAQUERO by A. R. Rojas. Only authentic PAINTERS OF THE DESERT by Ed Ainsworth. A
$5.50. record of the true vaquero. Well-illustrated and beautifully illustrated and well-written roundup
entertaining, especially for horse lovers. $3.95. of 1 3 of the desert's outstanding artists—Dixon,
HUNTING THE DESERT WHALE by Erie Stanley Forsythe, Swinnerton, Fechin, Eytel, Lauritz, Buff,
Gardner. Among the first Americans to ever WILLIE BOY, A Desert Manhunt by Harry Law-
Klinker, Perceval, Hilton, Proctor McGrew, and
camp at Scammon's Lagoon in Baja California, ton. Exciting, true, adventure that took place in
Bender. Folio size, gold-stamped hard cover.
if not the first, Gardner learned, while hunting the Southern California desert. $5.95.
Full color reproductions. 125 pages. $11.00.
the great grey whale with a camera that they
don't sit graciously for portraits! Whale hunting LOST DESERT BONANZAS by Eugene Conrotto.
Brief resumes of lost mine articles printed in PHOTO ALBUM OF YESTERDAY'S SOUTHWEST
and beach combing for rae treasures make for compiled by Charles Shelton. Early days photo
exciting reading. Hardcover, 208 pages, illus- back issues of DESERT Magazine, by a former
editor. Hardcover, 278 pages. $6.75. collection dating from the 1860s to 1910 shows
trated with photos. $6.00. prospectors, miners, cowboys, desperados and
TREASURE HILL by W. Turrentine Jackson. Excit- ordinary people. High quality of printing, hand
WILD BUNCH AT ROBBER'S ROOST by Pearl set type, 195 photos. Embossed black and gold
ing saga of the boom and doom of eastern
Baker. Famous hideout country in southeastern hard cover. Fine gift item. $15.00.
Nevada's rich silver era in 1868. One of the
Utah described by author who lived there and
best portraits of a typical mining camp ever
was steeped from childhood in firsthand know- TREASURE TALES OF THE ROCKIES by Perry Eber-
ledge of Butch Cassidy and other renegade written. Hardcover, $5.
hart. Packed with Colorado history, legend and
activities. $7.50. maps. One of the best treasure books on the
BIRDS OF ARIZONA by University of Arizona.
Finest book on 500 species of birds that fre- market. Hardcover, 303 pages, $5.00.
GEMS, MINERALS, CRYSTALS AND ORES by quent all zones of Arizona. Wonderful color
Richard Pearl. This collector's encyclopedia is HILTON PAINTS THE DESERT by John Hilton.
plates. $15.
the best of its kind. Brilliantly illustrated with Collection of 12, 16x19 inch Hilton prints ade-
full-color photos. Arranged in alphabetical order ERNIE PYLE'S SOUTHWEST. A collection of quate for framing, or bound in plastic cover
from Agagte to Zircon, it tells where to find Ernie s timeless word pictures describing his tied with leather thongs for viewing. Interesting
them, how to identify, collect, cut and display. wanders through the Southwest. Hardcover. text explains Hilton's painting technique. State
Hardcover, 320 pages, $6.95. $5.00. wheether bound or unbound. $65.

2 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


WESTERN ftHftiSTMAs C A R D S
i IN BEAUTIFUL FULL COLOR £16 YEARS BY MAIL i USE THIS HANDY ORDER FORM £

Thinkin' of you—With friendly Greetings SI eighb el I s and Snowflakes—May the A Cowboy's Christmas Eve-May the " . . into a desert place . . May the Spirit
of the Season and Happiness throughout meaning of the Season be deeper... Peace and Joy of Christmas be with you of Christmas abide with you throughout
the New Year—by Arthur FitzSimmons as Christmas comes, etc.—Roy Kerswill through all the Year—by Joe Stanley the Coming Year—by Wayne Lowdermilk

A Memory of Christmas—6 line verse It wouldn't seem like Christmas if we From the Two of Us—Christmas Greet- One Christmas Eve out West—inside is a
e n d i n g . . . Have a Merry Christmas in couldn t get in touch, etc.—Greeting in- ings from the two of us and Best Wishes 16 line warm, descriptive verse by S. Omar
the good old-fashioned way—by Stanley side is Merry Christmas—by Nicies for the New Year—by Charles Paris Barker plus greeting—by Joe Stabley

Golf's Candlesticks—May the Peace and Winter Fun—Merry Christmasand Happy Roadrunner Santa R.F.D.-Merry Christ- 'All is Calm, All is Bright"—May the
Good Will of Christmas always be with New Year-color photo by Ray Atkeson mas and Happy New Year—by William Peace and Joy of Christmas be with you
you—by Thomas L. Lewis Tilton through all the Year-by John W. Hilton

"Howdy, Neighbor-Christmas Greet- A Good Day for Visiting-May the Spirit A Brand New Holiday Season-Christmas
ings from our outfit to yours with all good of Christmas abide with you throughout Greetings and Best Wishes for all the Year
wishes for the New Year—by Hampton the Coming Year—by Bernard P. Thomas - b y William Tilton

Christmas Dawn—To wish you a Blessed "Peace on Earth"-Peace and Good Will " . . . the day the Lord hath made.. ."— When Friends Meet-Best Wishes for
Christmas and a New Year of Happiness at Christmas and through all the New May the Spirit of Christmas be with you Christmas and a Prosperous New Year
- b y John W. Hilton Year—by Brummett EchoHawk all the Coming Year—by Russell Moreton from our outfit to yours—by Schwiering
Yes, these are the western Christmas cards you've been looking for! Best quality art in superb
IN FULL COLOR AT SAM E LOW PR I C E S
color for 1965. Bright, authentic scenes, by mail only. Heavy, white paper folds to a rich
4J/< x6 J 4 card. Deluxe envelopes—extras included. We can print your name in red to match TOTAL QUANTITY 12 25 50 75 100 150 200 300 500
greetings. Cards sent safely in our exclusive "Strong Box" carton. Our time-tested ways and WITHOUT NAME $2.00 3.75 7.45 10.95 13.95 20.45 26.95 39.75 64.95
experienced staff offer 24 hr. shipping 'til Christmas. It's fun to buy from the Leanin' Tree! WITH NAME $2.95 4.95 8.95 15.95 29.95
12.95 23.25 44.25 71.45
H O W T O O R D E R : Write quantity of each card you want in box below illus- Names to
tration. Cards may be assorted at no extra cost. Order all of one kind or as many of each as be printed
desired. Circle total quantity and cost on price list. Canada residents please remit in U.S. on cards:
dollar value. Colorado residents add 3% sales tax. You may order by letter or fill out coupon
and mail this entire page with cash, check or money order toThe Leanin'Tree.Thank you kindly.
SEND CARDS TO:.

LEANIN'£ TREE RANCH Rte., St., or Box No._

Box 1500 • Boulder • Colorado • 80301 City _State_ -Zip-

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE AND POSTAGE FREE FROM THE LEANIN' TREE
'Detent'
Big event for November is the Annual Death Valley '49er En-
campment in Death Valley, Calif. Nov. 11 through 14. The 16th year
of the gala and exciting encampment, this year will be even bigger and
better. For information write Death Valley 49ers, 175 S. Alvarado St.,
CONTENTS
Los Angeles, Calif.
Volume 28 Number 11
Other events this month are: 29 Palms Gem and Mineral
Society's 5th Annual Show, 29 Palms, Calif. Oct. 23 and 24; Imperial
NOVEMBER, 1965
Valley Rodeo and Brawley Cattle Call, Brawley, Calif., Nov. 8 through
14, Wild Burro Races, Beatty, Nevada, Nov. 9 through 1 1 ; 5th Annual This Month's Cover
Afton Canyon 4-Wheel Drive Junket, open to all 4-wheel drive owners, Hiking the Rim
Hemet, Calif., Nov. 11 through 14, write Bud Jackson, 25480 Girard CHUCK ABBOTT

St., Hemet, Calif, for information.


6 Books for Desert Readers

8 Idyll for Outlaws


JACK PEPPER, Publisher CHORAL PEPPER, Editor By FRANK BERBERICH
Elta Shively Al Merryman Rose Holly Marvel Barrett Lois Dougan
Executive Secretary Staff Artist Circulation Business Subscriptions 10 Globe's Famous Bell
Bruce Kerr By MARGARET MAZEI
Advertising Director
Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. 92260 Telephone 346-8144 12 Lowest Grave in the World
By DANIEL REARDON
DESERT is published monthly by Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. Second Class Postage paid at
Palm Desert, Calif., and at additional mailing offices under Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered
Mo. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office, and contents copyrighted 1965 by Desert Magazine. Unsolicited 13 Tree of Life
manuscripts and photographs cannot be returned or acknowledged unless full return postage is By R. N. BUCKWALTER
enclosed. Permission to reproduce contents must be secured from the editor in writing. SUBSCRIPTION
PRICE: $5.00 per year in U.S., Canada and Mexico. $5.75 elsewhere. Allow five weeks for change
of address. Be sure to send both old and new address. 14 Back Way to Trona
By ROBERTA STARRY

DtAthL. SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE


16 Ghost Pueblo of Baja
By JOHN ROBERT CONDIT

D ENTER A NEW SUBSCRIPTION D RENEW MY PRESENT SUBSCRIPTION


18 What Happened to Throwing
Rocks
NAME By FRANCIS LOUISE BODE

ADDRESS ZIP CODE 20 Warner's The Man and the Place


L'J SEND GIFT SUBSCRIPTION TO: By HARRY JAMES
NAME
24 The Mystery of the Hohokam
ADDRESS By STAN JONES

NAME 28 Lost Bullion Ship of Owens Lake


By JOHN F. GILBRIDE
ADDRESS
32 Ghost Town
NAME
By LAMBERT FLORIN

ADDRESS
34 DESERT Cookery
Sign Gift Card: "From By LUCILLE CARLESON

One Year $5.00 Two Years $9.50 Three Years $13.00


35 Desert Dispensary
(Or 2 One Years) (Or Three One Years]
By SAM HICKS
• PAYMENT ENCLOSED Q BILL ME LATER
• ALSO SEND DESERT'S 12-ISSUE HANDSOME BROWN VINYL BINDER FOR $3.50 38 Letters from Our Readers
(includes tax and postage)
Date Binder(s) with Year(s) • Undated

4 / Desert Magazine f November, 1965


Our 21st Annual Bound-up!
WESTERN CHRISTMAS
by famous Western Artists...In full Color
GREETINGS..
from our outfit to

Thinkin' of You-With Best Wishes Down from the Hills-Best Wishes A Tree for the Ranch —May the Greetings...from our Outfit to Yours
for a Mappy Holiday Sea for a Merry Christmas and a Happy Wonderful Spirit of Christmas be - W i t h Best Wishes for the Season
New Year with you all through the Year and a Prosperous New Year

Cow Country Christmas - Western nt Night - May the Spirit of Special Delivery-Appropriate verse "The Lord is my Shepherd"-The
verse by S. Omar Barker Christmas abide with you through- by S. Omar Barker 23rd Psalm and greeting
out the coming Year

Lost...and Found for Christmas- Feeding Off the Ridges-Best Wishes Mail Quartet-Merry Christmas and Christmas Eve Callers-Appropriate
Merry Christmas, Happy New Year, for the Season and for Every Day Happy New Year in music form verse by artist
too! of the Coming Year

Holiday Stage-Best Wishes for a ace On Earth-May the Peace and Christmas Handouts—Greeting The Lord's Candles-Western verse
Real 0 ld Fashioned Christmas and Joy of Christmas be with you today warm and friendly six-line descrip by S. Omar Barker
a New Year filled with Cheer and all through the Year tive western verse

Appropriate verse—Merry Christmas .Wood for the Christmas Fires-Verse Christmas Eve in a Line Camp- Christmas Eve at the Church-With
and Best Wishes for a Happy New accompanied by greeting—May the Merry Christmas Best Wishes for a Happy Holiday
Year Peace and Joy of Christmas be with Season
you through all the Year
Artist Bob Lorenz celebrates his 21st year in the field of western art in a new location-
Cheyenne, Wyoming. Our 1965 selection features Lorenz and other prominent artists— Total Quantity 15 25 50 75 100 150 200 300 500
Phippen, Lougheed, Wieghorst, Kleiber, etc. Finest quality heavy-grade paper, single folded
to 4 % " x 6 % " , with matching white envelopes. Extra envelopes always included with each Without Name $2.85 3.95 7.95 11.75 14.95 21.95 28.95 42.75 69.95
order. Cards may be ordered with or without your name custom printed in red to match
greetings. These exclusive cards available by mail only. Your order carefully filled and With Name $3.95 5.25 9.45 13.75 16.95 24.75 31.95 47.00 76.45
shipped within 24 hours right up 'til Christmas.
Canada residents remit in U. S. Dollar value. Wyoming residents add sales tax.
HOW TO ORDER: Write quantity of each card you want in the box below illustration. Cards Names to be
may be assorted at no extra cost. Order all of one kind, or as many of each as desired. printed on
Circle total quantity and cost on price list. You may order by personal letter or fill out cards
coupon and mail this entire page with cash, check or money order to;
SEND CARDS TO:
Box 3232
The lazy 81 Ranch Cheyenne, Wyo.
82001
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City State Zip

COLOR • MONEY BACK GUARANTEE • W E PAY POSTAGE


STORY OF BODIE by Ella Cain. Stories of how
Beds job ^esebt fteadebs
this western mining camp earned the reputa-
tion of being the most lawless, wildest and
toughest in the west. Paper $3.50
STORY OF INYO by W. A. Chalfant. Fifth
printing of authentic history of Owens Valley and the same menus and recipes that in-
and Inyo County. How L.A. got its water $5.95 Books reviewed may be ordered sured years of success during my days
NEVADA'S TURBULENT YESTERDAY by Don from the DESERT Magazine Book
Ashbaugh. Tales of long gone Nevada ghost
as a party-giver.
Order Department, Palm Desert,
towns and mines and the people that built But just to make certain the charm
California 92260. Please include
them $7.50
25c for handling. California resi- still works, I recently whipped up an
H I M PRINCESS by John Hungerford. Story of
S. P- Narrow Gauge from Laws to Keeler in dents must add 4 % sales tax. exciting Aries dinner for my excited Aries
Owens Valley. New printing, paper $1.25 Enclose payment with order. husband. And let me tell you, no matter
SILVER THEATRE by Margaret G. Watson. His-
tory of entertainment on Nevada's mining
what anyone says, there just might be
frontier from saloons to handsome thea- something to this astrology business after
tres. $9.50 ZODIAC PARTIES, MENUS A N D all!
GENTILE WILDERNESS. The Sierra Nevada in RECIPES
beautiful color photos by Richard Kauffman The book is hardcover, and sells for
and text by John Muir. Best of Sierra Club By Choral Pepper
$4.95. We're taking advance orders from
Eixhibit Format Series, incomparable. $25.00
with illustrations by Al Merryman DESERT Magazine Bookshop and will
GHOST TOWNS AND MINING CAMPS OF
CALIFORNIA by Remi Nadeau. Guide and This is probably the first time in his- fill them with first editions as.fast as the
history book of historic areas by famous
tory that an author reviewed her own books roll in. If you wish yours auto-
(author. Our top seller .$5.95
WESTERNERS BRAND BOOK N o . 11 Calif,
book. graphed either for yourself or for some-
(deserts volume. Many top authors. Limited First, let me say, it isn't a desert book. one else as a gift, please say so and print
'525 copy printing. Numbered. Collectors
book. : $30.00 It's a sort of wacky astrological party the name clearly on your order. C.P.
MANY OTHERS. INDIANS, BOTTLES, book. It was written prior to my becom-
COLLECTORS BOOKS. Write for complete list. ing editor of DESERT Magazine, and
Postage prepaid if payment enclosed with
order. In Calif, add 4% sales tax. during the process of moving to Palm THE ROCK PAINTINGS
Desert, the manuscript was packed in a OF THE CHUMASH
PINON BOOK STORE box and forgotten . . . but not forever. By Campbell Grant
206 No. Main St., Bishop, Calif. 93514 When we recently moved the DESERT
In the Heart of the Eastern High Sierras When the author's article on Santa
Magazine office to our new location,
the box with the manuscript turned up Barbara cave paintings appeared in
in an old file. Not knowing what else DESERT (May ' 6 4 ) ' we noted that this
Executive to do with it, I sat on the floor amid book was in the process of being written.
packing cases and read it. And by darn, A number of readers inquired about it so
Plaan it was pretty good! It was like reading we are pleased to announce that at last
something written by someone else. So the book is published and available.
A gift subscription to Desert I packaged it up and sent it to Naylor In the rugged mountains of Southern
Magazine will preserve the Christ- Publishing Company, under an assumed California Mr. Campbell has explored
mas spirit by reminding your name. Naylor thought it was pretty and discovered 61 previously unknown
clients and employees monthly for good, too. Then, in signing a contract, Chumash cave sites. With this material
the entire year of your interest in
we had to admit our identity. After the he has been able to reconstruct the lives
them.
ice was broken, it seemed sort of silly of the long-vanished artists. Their re-
Desert Magazine is an appro-
priate Christmas gift for East- to use another name. So that's how it corded history begins with a 1542 diary
erners as it presents a true yet happens you're reading a review written notation by a member of Cabrillo's Span-
exciting picture of the West . . . by the author of a book that isn't about ish expedition to California, but in
both the past and present. For the desert or the West. reality, this marked the beginning of
the Westerner, it stimulates a What it is about, chiefly, is people. their end, for the arrival of the white man
desire to travel and adventure into brought on their decline and final ex-
What happens when you get a bunch
little known areas covered exclu- tinction.
of ego-proud Leos together for a party?
sively by this publication.
We take care of all details, in- What do you serve them? How do you Vandalism and erosion are taking a
cluding the mailing of a beautiful set your stage so each guest will have a toll. That these pictographs have been
4-color Christmas Gift Card in chance to star? And how do you lure preserved in the hundreds of handsome
your or your company name to this kind of man to the altar, in case black-and-white and color photo repro-
each of the recipients. The Execu- you happen to be a single gal ? ductions in this book is of great impor-
tive Christmas Gift Plan starts with Well, all these things are in the book, tance to the future.
10 or more subscriptions at a with more about people under the signs Mr. Grant has done a fine job of
greatly reduced rate from our
of Aries, Taurus, Libra, Capricorn, gathering rare information and historic
regular price. All orders must be
in by December 1. Aquarius, Pisces, Scorpio, Sagittarius, photos to enlarge upon his own discov-
Gemini, Cancer, and Virgo. It's a fun eries and this is the only difinitive work
For details write to:
book, nothing serious, and whether you're relative to the rock paintings of this most
DESERT MAGAZINE
impelled, compelled or repelled by the interesting of all California tribes. Their
PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA 92260
stars, you'll find good party ideas in it cave art work is considered the finest in

6 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


North America by many experts, although throughout the West, as do his others,
this reviewer believes there may be still but the bulk of interest lies in Washing-
undiscovered cave art in Baja California
of equal interest. The book includes a
ton, Oregon, New Mexico, Arizona and
California. The photographs are superb,
ERIE STANLEY GARDNER'S
as always, and watercolors by Dr. David Newest Adventure
brief description of Baja cave art along
with that of Europe, Africa, Australia Mason also contribute to the beauty of
and other countries. the book.
One difference, though, publication
Hunting Lost Mines
Those interested in prehistoric and
primitive art will be as pleased with this
book as those interested in archeology
costs have gone up. While the other
four books sell for $12.50 each, this new
By Helicopter
and regional history. 163 pages. Hard- one is $12.95.
cover, $10.

HOSTEEN CROTCHETTY or
PIMAS, DEAD PADRES AND GOLD "How a Good Heart Was Born"
from the journal of Paul V. Lease by Jimmy Swinnerton, creator of the
Upon the death of Paul V. Lease, an famous Canyon Kiddie Cartoons
inveterate treasure hunter who had be- The theme of this legend is probably
come obsessed with the idea that Jesuit 2000 years old, having passed to the
padres had confiscated much of northern Hopi Indians from their ancestors, the
Mexico's gold for their own coffers, his Cliff Dwellers. Here the Owl People,
widow accumulated his lifetime of notes the Wood peckers and the Termite Queen
and shipped them off to an old family consult with the Indian children in a The famous mystery writer takes
friend to be consolidated into this nicely scheme to eliminate an evil Kachina doll you into Arizona's Superstition Moun-
done paperback book. who suddenly appeared in their midst tains to look for the Lost Dutchman
The research accomplished by Mr. as a result of Hosteen Crotchetta's mal- Mine and the Trigo Mountains to
Lease is vast and detailed. His case is be- ice. Swinnerton's color and illustrations search for Nummel's lost bonanza.
lievable. His map is excellent. In addi- are superb and this delightful book for Author of numerous books on Baja
tion to providing a good historical back- children will also be enjoyed by adults. California and Southwestern deserts,
ground to an exciting tale, he supplies Large format, $7.50. Mr. Gardner's latest episode is pro-
plenty of fodder to the old controversial fusely illustrated and, although fac-
rumor that the Black Robes had amazing tual, is as fascinating as a Perry Mason
amounts of wealth stored away in Pimeria MINES OF THE HIGH DESERT mystery.
and Lower California.
By Donald Dean Miller ADVANCE ORDERS NOW BEING TAKEN FOR
The first edition is limited to 1000 A SCHEDULED NOVEMBER PUBLICATION
Another book by the author of last DATE. FIRST ORDERS RECEIVED WILL HAVE
copies, it includes 62 pages and a folding
year's Shady Ladies of the West. This PRIORITY. HARDCOVER FIRST EDITIONS,
map based on mission locations at the $7.50. Please add 25 cents postage and
time of the Pima uprising of 1751. $3.00. one is less ambitious and a paperback, but California addressees add 30 cents more for
it's the best account of high desert history state sales tax.
to come to our attention. Not only are Other books by Erie Stanley Gardner
available through the DESERT MAGA
GHOST T O W N TREASURES the Virginia, Dale, New Dale, Supply, ZINE BOOK SHOP.
By Lambert Florin and other early mines described in lively THE DESERT IS YOURS. The author
revisits desert country in search of Peg-
detail, but so are the early gangs that Leg's gold, the Lost Arch Mine, rocks,
With each new ghost town book "traded" in cattle and honorable freigh- flowers, and serenity. $7.50
Florin adds to his series, it's a temptation NEIGHBORHOOD FRONTIERS. Erie
ters who furnished the life blood be-
to write, "This is his best." Actually, Stanley Gardner finds adventure from
tween this remote desert area and the Puget Sound through the high desert of
"his best" probably depends more than
outside world. California down to the Yucatan Penin-
anything else upon which ones you don't sula. $5.50
have. A full set is destined to be a col- The author served as a ranger in the HOVERING OVER BAJA. An extra-
lectors item of the future. area for a number of years and knew ordinary adventure into unexplored ter-
ritory where palm-lined canyons reveal
Dedicated to the project of photo- personally many of the characters about undreamed of surprises. $6.00
graphing and recording each and every whom he writes, most of whom are now HUNTING THE DESERT WHALE
mining camp or ghost town of the West The hunters, with cameras only, bagged
not living. The book has 63 pages, good more than a whale at Baja California's
while there's still some remnant, even if historical photos and costs $1.95 remote Scammon's Lagoon. $6.00
it's only a tombstone, Florin devotes his THE HIDDEN HEART OF BAJA. The
full time to delving into the back coun- author's account of Baja's most dramatic
and mysterious archeological discovery to
try. His writing is rich with life. More date. $7.50
than any other ghost town writer of note, Books reviewed may be ordered Send Check or Money Order to:
he is blessed with an ability to project from the DESERT Magazine Book DESERT Magazine Book
himself back into time. Others concen- Order Department, Palm Desert, Department
trate on ennumerating facts and figures; California 92260. Please include PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA
Florin concentrates on human interest. 25c for handling. California resi- (Please enclose 25 cents for handling anc
dents must add 4 % sales tax. California addresses add 4 percent state
This newest of his series of five, large-
Enclose payment with order. sales tax. No. C.O.D.s or charges please.
format books covers material scattered

November, ! 965 / Desert Magazine / 7


Newest High-Quality

Best-West Publications
HOSTEEN CROTCHETTY or HOW A GOOD HEART WAS BORN
Written and Illustrated by JIMMY SWINNERTON
Creator of the famous Canyon Kiddie cartoon series. Four-color water
colors by Swinnerton, the Dean of Desert Artists. 48 pages on high
quality cover-weight paper. An Arizona Indian legend, thousands of
years old, re-created in full color by Jimmy Swinnerton. Large 9x11
inch format. A perfect Christmas gift for those who want to pass on
Idyll for
the immortal Canyon Kiddie legend to their children and grandchildren.
FIRST PUBLICATION, OCTOBER, 1965
$7.50 (plus 30 cents tax for California addresses.)
Outlaws
BROOMS OF MEXICO By Frank J. Berberich
Written by Alvin Gordon — Illustrated by Ted De Grazia
Delightful free-verse, written by one who has spent a quarter of a ETWEEN THE old town of Balla-
century in Mexico. Alvin Gordon also authored "Our Son Pablo" and
"Inherit the Earth." Water color illustrations, more than 50, by that B rat and Indian Ranch, the narrow
slash of Surprise Canyon terminates 6.5
unique and fascinating Arizona artist, Ted De Grazia. miles and 6433 feet higher in the Pana-
FIRST PUBLICATION, OCTOBER, 1965 mint mountains that frame California's
A COMBINATION OF LYRIC VERSE AND RHYTHMIC ARTISTRY. Death Valley. At this precise spot, by
$6.75 (plus 27 cents tax for California addresses) an ironic twist of fate, a town was born.
In I860 Dr. S. G. George, the dis-
coverer of Surprise Canyon, began talking
OTHER POPULAR BEST-WEST PUBLICATIONS about canyon walls 10 feet apart and
rising 800 feet. He spoke of the view of
LOST DESERT BONANZAS by Eugene Conrotto. A compilation of a Panamint valley from lookout points and
quarter of a century of lost mine facts and maps from the pages of
Desert Magazine. the secluded character of the terrain.
When Dr. George said that two men with
$6.50 (plus 26 cents state tax for California addresses.)
rifles could hold a regiment at bay, men
THREE PATHS ALONG A RIVER by Tom Hudson. The history of San with hard eyes and fast guns began to in-
Diego's back country and the San Luis Rey River valley. vestigate. Soon the upper area of Surprise
$6.00 (plus 24 cents tax for California addresses.) Canyon became the unofficial headquar-
ters for tough gentry engaged in avoiding
ERNIE PYLE'S SOUTHWEST, illustrated by Bob Bales with annotation
by Ed Ainsworth. A collection of more than 50 columns by the late what law there was. They also found it
Ernie Pyle, as he wandered from the Four Corners Area to Palm Springs, an excellent base from which to spot
back and forth across the Southwest he loved so much. wagons traveling Panamint valley, well in
$5.00 (plus 20 cents tax for California addresses.) time for a leisurely holdup. Surprise Can-
yon provided an idylic outlaw life, laced
PUEBLO OF THE HEARTS by John Upton Terrell. The first full length with liquor and easy pickings.
history of a once important frontier and outpost known as the Pueblo
of the Hearts, in northern Sonora. From Cabeza de Vaca to DeAnza. In 1873 the bombshell exploded and
$6.00 (plus 24 cents tax for California addresses.) Panamint City was born! To their com-
bined amazement, the outlaws discovered
they had holed up over a rich silver lode.
Send orders for the above listed books to: The only thing needed was capital. This
was a major problem for the First Citi-

Best-West Publications zens of Panamint. Their combined ex-


perience in raising money had been con-
fined to waving a six-gun at the right
P. 0. Box 757 Palm Desert, California 92260 time and place for the greatest return in
profits.
They were justifiably wary about

8 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


SERVICE
FORMER SUMMER r ' "
ir ^ . . HEAOOUARTERi

CHARCOA
KILNS ":
THORNDi
Rogersfk.y;.
£' h

^Telescope
**?i£il?k- 11,04
INDIAN '• %,,, -,''/|,V~ ?:-.,=
GEORGE S•••••••••••••• *t •, '*, '<
-s RANCH.; '',,,''''•':'?','-•'-'-

. - ' ' V •':•?'.>.*•

BALLARAT:::'?'^'\, f \

approaching financiers lest the approach- drinks. The Bitters of 1874 were a po- postmaster was William C. Smith (Sep-
ed one climb on his desk and scream for tent alcoholic beverage peddled under a tember 16, 1874) and next came Gus-
the law. The young town nearly died of thin guise of medicinal and moral cover. tavus A. Swazey (September 29, 1874).
money starvation before R. C. Jacobs and Due to the machination and hypocrisy of Unhappily, there seems to be no record
E. P. Raines contacted Senator John P. business men, Bitters were bottled dyna- concerning the 13-day stint of Post-
Jones, a shareholder in the fabulous mite. Pure food and drug laws were way master Smith and nothing quite jibes
Comstock mine, and a man accustomed off in the future. Bitters manufacturers, with the records of Panamint City.
to dealing with hard men. He was also with a straight face and legal right, The tempo of the town is further
willing to gamble $113,000 on Pana- laced their products with cocaine, mor- illustrated by the fact that the Good
mint. phine or anything else they could find. Citizens couldn't overcome their early
With a banshee yowl, Panamint's popu- They were medicine and they gave a man training. The town turned out to help
lation of gamblers, gunmen and prospec- a lift, right? In fact, a few bottles of, load the silver wagon and wave goodbye
tors celebrated the birth of the most for example, Cocoainized Pepsin Chin- as it started down Surprise Canyon. As
slam-bang-up-and-coming town in the chona Bitters or Wilson's Wa Hoo Bit- soon as it was out of sight, the towns-
West. Speculators flocked into Pana- ters could probably lift the Statue of men raced to the best vantage points to
mint, heeding the call of silver. Included Liberty off its base! hold it up! Senator Jones, nobody's fool,
were six-gun experts such as Dave Such were some of the beverages put a sudden stop to that. He ordered the
Neagle, Pat Reddy, Earl Rogers, Bill Fal- stacked high in the stores of Panamint silver cast into 500-pound rough balls
lon, John Small and John McDonald, to City, stores and saloons with rock walls and sent it out in unguarded wagons
name a few. two feet thick and tiny slit-like windows. with one beat-up old prospector as a
By 1874 the town was an established Behind the loose rocks over the fire- driver. How far can you run with a
fact and "supporting industries" began place in a ruined miner's cabin, we once stolen 500-pound chunk of silver? The
to show up. There was Uncle Billy Wol- found an old fashioned thick glass bottle townsmen gave up in utter disgust.
sesberger, known as Uncle Billy Be with raised letters reading, "Burnett's The town didn't go soft. It roared
Damned, who sold goods and gimcracks. Cocoaine, Boston." For all the talk along until July, 1875, when a flash
Jacob Cohn sold blankets, clothes, guns about other wild West towns, Panamint flood picked it up, lock, stock and barrel,
and ammunition. Miss Delia Donoghue City was reputed to be the only town in including people, and deposited it un-
opened a restaurant. Charles King put which both Wells Fargo and the U. S. gently down the length of Surprise Can-
Post Office Department refused to do yon. Six-gun artists John Small and John
in a meat market and John Schober start-
business. However, contact with the McDonald, among the few survivors,
ed a sawmill. The last, and most popu-
National Archives and Records Service were quite put-out about the turn of
lar enterprise, was fulfilled with the indicate that a "Panamint" Post Office
arrival of Martha Camp and her "Camp was once located (February 21, 1874) events. To bolster their low morale, they
tied up the town's remaining citizens and
Followers." The town broke out the 105 miles southeast of "Owins" River,
looted a safe of $2500. McDonald's
bottled goods and celebrated for a week! on the Panamint Creek, 80 miles east
morale was much lower than Small's so
From the bottles laying around the of Olanco, 107 southeast of Lone Pine, he shot Small and took the whole kitty.
place today, it would appear that Bitters and it would service a mining camp . . . This ended the wild days of Panamint
and Stout Porter were two favorite the words of the old records. The first City. ///

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 9


let's Go To Baja!"
Globe's famous Bell

of General Clinton B. Fisk of Sebright,


T HE BELL OF St. Paul's Methodist
Church of Globe was one of the
first brought into the Arizona Territory.
New Jersey, aroused the interest of
Easterners in the struggling little con-
it was installed atop the original build- gregation and was so successful that her
ing in 1882. Besides calling people to efforts produced a third of the actual
Are you dreaming of Baja down worship, it served as the town's fire cost of the building, as well as an organ,
Mexico way? Baja California in alarm and warned of storms and im- hymn books, Bibles and a communion
Old Mexico has me in its spell pending Apache raids. It rang as the set.
and I must go back again. Maybe death knell for at least one hanging. The first wedding held at St. Paul's
you have always wanted to see Because of its many frontier uses the started off to be a home ceremony, but
this fascinating peninsula that townspeople nicknamed it "God's self-appointed guests changed the plans.
time forgot. If so then now is your Alarm Clock." After invitations had been issued by the
chance. I am guiding a group all
That paragraph, prepared by Don bride-to-be, Miss Tonnie Kennedy, a
the way down to La Paz on a
lesurely trip lasting 30 days. We Nelson of the Globe Record, will young cowboy approached the groom
leave San Diego area January 10, appear on a plaque to be placed on the with a complaint that he hadn't received
1966. If you want these adven- present St. Paul's Methodist Church one. The groom explained that the wed-
tures of a lifetime make your
reservations now. Write to me for \ I I I / « Y \ 1-II.VIW M i l I F -..
the details.
MITCH WILLIAMS
156 North First West Moab, Utah 84532
Area Code 801-253-4346

1965 MODELS
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FROM $75.00 TO $165.00
FIND ALL METALS, INCLUDING
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Trustees of the first congregation held their meetings in the newspaper office.
BOOKS ON LOST MINES
AND BURIED TREASURE
Arizona Treasure Hunters Ghost this month when the historic bell rings ding was to be private, as the bride's
Town Guide, Fox $1.50 to celebrate the 85th birthday of the
Buried Treasures and Lost Mines,
house was too small to accommodate
Fish $1.50 church. more than the members of the two
Lost Mines of Old Arizona, Weight..$1 .50 The minister under whose pastorate families.
Lost Mines of Death Valley, Weight $1.50
Ghost Town Directory of the West.$1.00 the original church was organized was Refusing to accept defeat, the cowboy
Lost Desert .Bonanzas, Conrotto $6.75 the Reverend J. J. Wingar. He had went to the bride. "At the laying of the
Nevada Treasure Hunters Ghost
Town Guide, Fox $1.50
heard of the growing community in the church cornerstone in April," he remind-
Lost Mines and Buried Treasures mountains and walked a 3 5-mile round- ed her, "you lost the race and said
of California, Pierce -...$2.50 trip from the town of Pinal (near pre- 'Alright, I'll be the first one married at
Superstition Treasures, Marlowe....$2.50
sent day Superior) to tend the flock. For the Church!' So Church it will be. Do
Please add postage.
California residents add 4 % sales tax
many months he made the trip every away with invitations and give us all a
Also Lapidary Equipment, Gems and week, preaching on Sunday and ^return- hearty welcome."
Minerals, Books, Jewelry, Tools. ing to Pinal on Monday or Tuesday. Ser- The bride had all but forgotten the
For Information Write vices were held in the office of the old race when a shovel had been handed
COMPTON ROCK SHOP Silver Belt, Arizona's oldest newspaper, to each of three girls by a gentleman who
1405 S. Long Beach Blvd., Compton, Calif. until funds were raised to build a church. announced that the one winning the race
Telephone: 632-9096 The mother of one Globe citizen, wife could turn the first shovelful of dirt for

10 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


The first church bell in Arizona Territory
will toll this November to celebrate its
85th birthday.

planned the holdup was the one who into their resting place and they shot him
tolled the bell for the victim's funeral. to insure his silence. Those shots brought
Cecil Grimes, his brother Lafayette, Andy Hall, the driver, who had been
and a man named Hawley plotted to trailing the robbers from a distance.
relieve the mule pack train of its Wells That, of course, was his death warrant.
Fargo shipment at a time they were cer- Lafayette Grime's abnormally small
tain it contained enough to be worth footprints betrayed him, in spite of all
while. Waiting among the loungers at their precautions. When he and Hawley
Pioneer Pass when the buckboard from finally led the posse to the money, they
the railroad arrived, Cecil helped trans- were hung on the spot. Lawmen saved
fer the freight from the wagon to a mule Cecil for a fair trail and he was sentenced
train which then carried it down the to a mental institution from which he
trail to Globe. With quiet matter-of- later escaped. Although he played the
factness, he handled the Wells Fargo role of a sorrowing fellow citizen when
Original St. Paul's Church of Globe. box. Its weight told him that this day the men were laid to rest, he never paid
it contained the payroll for the Mac for the deaths for which he was partly
the cornerstone of the new church. And Morris mine. Departing in advance of responsible.
so it was that a remark made in jest was the train, he alerted his brother and That original church structure served
responsible for the first church wedding Hawley and then rode on to Globe. the parish for 48 years. Then, in 1928,
in Globe. The robbery went off smoothly and Governor G. W. P. Hunt laid the corner-
The hanging mentioned on the plaque the two men rode away with the loot, stone from it as a foundation for the
followed a pack train holdup and shoot- unaware that they were being followed. present church, which stands at the corner
ing and, oddly enough, the man who Then old Doc Vail stumbled unwittingly of Cedar and Hill streets in Globe. / / /

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November, 1965 / Desert M a g a z i n e / 11


Badwater in Death Valley by John Gebhart.

Lowest Graves in the World


FEW MILES west of Badwater, 282
A feet below sea level in California's
Death Valley National Monument, are
district near Death Valley. He soon
parted with his share for only $800, but
this did not make him less popular with
assortment of mining camp characters
assembled for his last farewell. In the
extreme heat, they didn't overexert them-
the graves of Jim Dayton and Shorty the men. Admiration and drinking selves digging a large grave, considering
(Frank) Harris. money were all he craved. He could shorty's small stature. What they didn't
James Dayton, the first to be buried neither read nor write, so prospecting reckon with was the fact that Shorty
here, was caretaker of Furnace Creek was more important to him than the rested in a standard size coffin. During
Ranch. He died in 1899 on the spot huge rewards he permitted others to the funeral the grave had to be hurriedly
where he is buried while en route to reap. Other strikes brought him little lengthened. Hence, Shorty was laid to
Daggett for ranch supplies. Feeling ill, in the way of riches. rest in a somewhat reclining position.
he tied his mules to the wagon and died He sold his claim with Pete Aguerre- The bronze historical marker above
while trying to seek shelter in the shade berry at Harrisburg (named after him) this unique gravesite is equally interesting.
of a mesquite tree. At this spot tem- for $10,000 and some bad stock. Pete It commences with Shorty's carefully
peratures as high as 134 degrees have was really the discoverer, but Shorty was composed final request:
been recorded. The mules, unable to lucky enough to be along. Even at Bury me beside Jim Dayton in the
escape, perished where they were tied. that, he almost lost it by talking too valley we loved. Above me write:
Frank Tilton, a friend of Dayton, much before their claim was filed. Here lies Shorty Harris, a single
delivered a memorable western-type Shorty was reputed, and believed it blanket jackass prospector. Epitaph
farewell at the brief funeral service. himself, to possess "a nose for gold." requested by Shorty (Frank) Harris
"Well, Jimmy," he said, "you lived Other prospectors consulted him as an beloved gold hunter, 1856-1934.
in the heat and you died in the heat and Here lies James Dayton, pioneer,
oracle. When he loaded his jackass for
now you've gone to hell." a trip, men followed him secretly, and perished 1898.
Shorty (Frank) Harris, the occupant then openly, so great was their faith in Although the date of Dayton's death
is given as 1898, it was actually a year
of the other grave, was Death Valley's him as a gold detector.
later, 1899. Shorty's birth is given as
most famous prospector. Only five feet Although he didn't die until 1934 1856, but by his own statements he was
tall, he grew twice as high among men. (35 years after Jim Dayton), he believed born in Rhode Island, July 21, 1857.
It all began in 1904 when, prospecting that the best burial spot for him was be- However, the wild burros which fre-
with E. L. Cross, he discovered the rich side Jim at the very bottom of Death quent the two graves show little concern
Bullfrog mine in the Bullfrog-Rhyolite Valley. Honoring this request, a strange over the mix-up of dates. ///

12 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


THE TREE OF LIFE
By R. N» Buckwalter
F A MAN puts his dreams into action,
I there's no guarantee his endeavor
won't go awry, but it's the only way he's
then ordered a shipload of beans brought
over for his own use and to distribute to
growers interested in helping him create
ever going to prove his point. And that's a new market.
what happened to the dream of a The Carob tree produces a pod about
wealthy Los Angeles builder back in
1936.
the size of the lima bean, each pod con-
taining five or six large edible beans. The
at CANYON
On a world cruise, Lawrence Holmes
became fascinated with the Carob tree,
pod itself is used for food, or is ground
together with the beans to form a flour-
CLUB INN...
often called the Tree of Life, which he type meal.
found growing in arid areas around the PALM SPRINGS' ONLY
Then along came progress. In 1936
the Metropolitan Water District built an HOTEL WITH ITS OWN
aqueduct from the Colorado River to Los 13 HOLE CHAMPIONSHIP
Angeles. A part of this project was the GOLF COURSE
construction of a final settling basin, now
...enjoying a round of golf on
known as Lake Mathews. This was in an
7,000 challenging yards of undulat-
arid, uninhabited part of California, with
ing fairways and impeccable greens.
one exception. It overlapped about 1700
acres of Holme's Carob grove. When the . . . relaxing at the colorful cabana
bulldozers came, the trees had just ap- area after a refreshing dip in the
proached maturity. Then came the water pool.
and all was washed into oblivion. . . . luxuriating in the facilities of
There's a sequel though. Lawrence the spa and health club.
Holmes, who'd been so certain of this . . . sipping cool pre-dinner cocktails
venture he'd spent his entire fortune on in the CANYON Lounge.
it, died in poverty after an auto Occident . . . savoring a superlative dinner in
in Pasadena in 1950, just short of his the elegant L'Escoffier Room.
85th birthday. But he did prove his
point. While everything else was de- And having a Vacation Ball!
stroyed on his Cajalco Valley estate, a Meeting and Ballroom facili-
A few specimens of the Tree of Life small portion of his original Carob ties suitable for groups from
still exist on the Southern California orchard extended beyond the Metropoli- 20 to 200.
desert. tan Water District fence, and those trees
2850 South Palm Canyon Drive
eastern Mediterranean. It occured to are still there. About 50 in number, Palm Springs, California (714) 327-1181
him that this tree that once grew in the they have grown all these years with no
Garden of Eden and supplied food to care whatsoever, and still bear fruit.
prehistoric desert nomads might bring They are living proof that Lawrence
fertility to our own desert Southwest. Holmes was right and that the Tree of
Upon his return to America, Holmes pur- Life has a rightful place on our desert.
chased several thousand acres of land in Anyone who wishes to see these trees
the Cajalco Valley some 15 miles south- will find them on the north side of Lake
east of Riverside, California, intending Mathews about 400 yards east of the
to plant the area in Carob trees. He main dam spillway. ///

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / \3


The Back Way to Trona


By Roberta Starry

ROM RED Mountain to Trona the California Trona Company (now Am- you travel the area in the afternoon,
F back way is a way missed by most
motorists racing to California's Death
erican Potash) was faced with a dire you're likely to see this short line train
need for a railroad to cover the 32-mile making its daily trip to the Southern
Valley from metropolitan areas to the stretch to the Southern Pacific line. Large Pacific junction at Searles and, as a white
east and south. To miss it is a big mis- companies refused to lay it because they'd cloud of powdered chemical billows from
take. Here is romance, spectacular already experienced losses by laying its freight cars, you get the impression
scenery, mine diggings, collector's rocks tracks to mine prospects which folded, that it's smoke from the engine and old
and one of the few short-line railroads sometimes even before a load of ore No. 2 is still in use.
still in operation. traveled the line. The struggling young A day train and a night train trans-
On September 27, 1913, Mrs. Joseph company, harassed by claim jumpers, port over 6300 tons of soda ash, chlor-
Hutchinson, dressed in the height of legal battles and development problems ides of soda, lithum, pryo-borate, and
fashion, trudged behind a plow and a was desperate. Its entire future hinged borax daily, but in the old days the
team of mules. Her long silk skirt on transporting its products to the main trains carried passengers as well. Time
swept through the sand and rocks scuffed line at a reasonable cost. Finally, with tables used to list stops at Trona, Boro-
her high-button shoes. A wide-brimmed their backs to the wall, company officials solvay (now West End), Rock Crusher,
hat pinned to her elaborate coiffeur decided to gamble on building their Hanksite, Pinnacle, Spangler and Searles.
shaded her eyes from the warm autumn own. Today it is one of the few short The only day stops now are in the spring-
sun. She was here to break ground for lines in existence, having managed to time when grazing sheep wander onto
the future Trona Railroad. prosper while others sold their rails for the tracks or, just about any night, when
When mule team freighting became scrap. a herd of wild burro decide to explore
too expensive for short hauls and trucks Its picturesque steam locomotives were the other side of the tracks.
were still not practical on the desert, the replaced by diesel power in 1949, but if Diggings in the nearby mountains in-

14 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


When in the Gold Country — You Need this

To Bishop For Concentrating in Dry Placer


EXCELLENT RECOVERY
nyokern cOChina Lake
PORTABLE — POWER DRIVEN
TAILINGS TOGETHER AND OUT OF WAY
Breaks Apart for Easy Hauling or Carrying
110 lbs.
$10.00 for Blueprints
(Calif. Res. Add 40c Sales Tax]
We Build 'Em Too!—$345.00

1675 Wilson Avenue


Upland, California 91786
Phone (714) 982-2554 for Demonstration

Searles was the deepest of a chain of In addition to scenery, the area is rich
now dry lakes reaching from Owens with variegated red agate with dendrite,
Valley to Death Valley. Last to dry up, banded and plume agate, geodes and
it is the source of valuable mineral salts. nodules and decomposed jasper that
Scientists believe the Pinnacles were fluoresces a bright green under ultra-
built out in the lake by a blue-green violet light.
10 SanUBernardion algae, minute organisms growing one Unless a recent storm has washed out
onto another. roads, the entire route may be traveled in
A maze of roads run through the late model passenger cars. This back
varied forms, providing an ever changing way, like all desert travel, can be a de-
dicate the Spangler mining district. At view appreciated by artists and photo- lightful experience unless you forget to
the RR crossing there is still evidence of graphers. A bit of imagination helps in carry water, a spare tire and shovel, or
the old Spangler siding, once a water seeing men, birds, animals and moon fail to stop in Red Mountain for gas, the
stop. last source of that most necessary ingre-
cities. In the morning and evening long,
In 1896 William Spangler and his two blue shadows accent the figures. dient until you reach Trona. ///
sons left a farm in Tulare County, Cali-
fornia, and headed for the Rand Mining
District where a gold strike had started.
With a four-mule team hitched to a
light wagon, they hauled food and water
over Greenhorn Mountain, down to THIS WINTER
Kernville, over Walker Pass and even- VACATION AT
tually to the hills across from Spangler
Siding.
Their explorations uncovered low
grade quartz floats with points of gold where the weather is always good; the scenery " \ —
sticking out. Gathering a sample load,
they were delighted when it ran $45 to m I is awe-inspiring; sports activities fill your hours {£•
the ton. This was good enough to en-
and the food and hospitality are by Fred Harvey.
courage them so they went back to their Golf/tennis/swimming/riding/mule pack trips/
farm, loaded up their one room house
and over all, that fabulous Death Valley sun.
and hauled it over the mountain to their
new claim. RJW& GFEK INN KIRHAg G£K RUNT
Tony and Rea, the Spangler sons, de- Luxurious American Plan Modest European Plan rates.
veloped the district. Working by hand, For reservations: Contact your travel agent or write
swinging a single jack, they dug thou- Furnace Creek Inn, P.O. BoxO, Death Valley, Cal-
v ifornia 92328, or phone 627-8048 in Los Angeles;k
sands of feet of underground tunnels. A
^ R E S O R T S E X 7.2717 in San Francisco; MA 3-1177 in Seattle^
hike through this area leaves you with a
sense of awe for man's determined ability
to search out and obtain earth's treasures.
Distant formations along the route look
like steeples, domes and spires, but as
you draw near you discover that in
actuality they are the geological remains
of a day when the desert was tropical
and fresh water flowed into Searles Lake.
An ancient beach line lies 700 feet
above the now dry lake, indicating

N o v e m b e r , 1 9 6 5/ Desert M a g a z i n e / I S
Ghost Pueblo in Baja
AJA CALIFORNIA'S list of ghost allow a bit of nostalgia to mingle in During 1888 to early 1900, the Mexi-
B towns is enough to give any gold
mining fan an attack of acute gold
my thoughts and, presto, I find myself
headed for Baja. So it was that one
can Land and Colonization Company,
with home offices in London, was in
fever before he gets half way through recent morning my wife and I crossed control of the enterprise in the Northern
the history of the first mine. For, in the border at Tijuana at 6:00 a.m. My section of Baja. The company had almost
her geological bosom are fabulous excuse was to share the pleasure of half of all land of the peninsula at its
riches in nearly all of the minerals knowing El Alamo with my wife, who disposal for colonization and also the
prized by society and industry—copper, had never been there. right to exploit mineral resources.
mercury, sulphur, and gold. Baja has The gold boom era in Baja was actu- About this time, in the course of ex-
also contributed generously to Mexico's ally a secondary event, being sequential ploratory surveys to evaluate the produc-
silver output, which equals almost half to a colonization enterprise of vast tive potential of the land, fabulously rich
of the total world production. proportions backed by foreign capital. gold placers and quartz mines were dis-
My first trip to Baja was in 1903 by Several large syndicates were involved, covered in the region of El Alamo.
the Condit family stork which landed as the company rights were either sold The activity in the gold fields was
me in San Quintin about 130 miles or transferred from one to another and of such magnitude that a subsidiary to
south of Ensenada. Although I was subsidiary companies were formed. Mone- the parent company in London was
reared, schooled, worked and have tary backing came from small individual formed for the purpose of directing min-
lived most of my adult life north of stock holders, private financiers, large ing activies in Lower California. This
the border, Baja is the land of my finance firms, capitalists and some of sub company was called the Santa Clara
dreams. So now and then, when the the most prominent banking institutions and Lower California Mining Bureau,
wanderlust stirs me to restlessness, I in London and Wall Sreet. with offices in Alamo, Ensenada, San

Ten stamp mill with El Alamo and Sierra Juarez in the background.

16 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


scattered over the ground, horn early
arastras to modern mechanized machin-
ery.
A fair amount of statistical data is
published about El Alamo, but very little
of human interest and those living there
today are of too recent vintage to tell
By John Robert Condit tales of the past. We were fortunate to
know Senora Josephina Bariloni de Cota
of Ensenada who could tell us of the old
days in El Alamo. Her father came
directly from Naples, Italy, to the gold
Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, St. fields of El Alamo, where he operated
Louis and New York. The San Francisco a store, pool hall and cantina. Senora
Chronicle, San Diego Union, and other Josephina Cota speaks English, Spanish
California papers featured glowing and Italian fluently.
articles about the rich bonanzas in Baja
and in a few months the region of El "Yes, the stories of the abundance of
Alamo was host to more than 8,000 popu- gold at El Alamo were quite true," she
lation. Impressive buildings were erected, told us. "Children at play in the streets
OlSan Quintia and yards often found sizable nuggets."
there was a newspaper, The Alamo Nug-
get, and fantastic plans were spun for Her mother had once found a nugget
the future, including a concession granted weighing over one ounce in the gizzard
We arrived at El Alamo about 9:00 of a chicken, she recalled. Before the
by the Federal Government to build a p.m., welcomed in a darkness such as
railroad from El Alamo to San Diego. long periods of drought in Baja, cloud
only exists in Baja by the soft yellow bursts were quite frequent. After one
More than 25 gendarmes found it diffi- glow of oil lamps from three widely
cult to keep civil order. Gold was so of these, children and housewives would
separated locations. No buildings were rush out to the slopes of the foothills
abundant just for the digging that no discernible, except those picked up in the
water wells were dug. Instead, water bordering the town to pick up nuggets
beam of our headlights. The last time imbedded partially in the clay, their sur-
was hauled from the nearest spring, I had visited El Alamo was in 1933, so
about 15 miles, and sold readily at $2.50 faces shining in the sun.
I had no idea who lived there now, but
per jug. I approached the nearest lamp-lighted When Senora Cota was a small girl,
house and inquired for my friend Arriola. her father presented her with a necklace
That was many years ago. Today only
We were warmly welcomed by Don on which were suspended 10 gold nug-
melted adobe construction remains, the
Louis Mesa and informed that my friend gets of exceptional size which he had
frame buildings having long since been
Arriola had passed away. taken in trade in his store. She loved
used as fuel for the wood stoves of the
her parents and was eager to please them
hopeful ones who wait for El Alamo to Mr. Mesa was quick in pegging us by wearing the necklace, but she pre-
live again. as turistas en paseo and that we were ferred their scoldings to the uncomfort-
El Alamo is like all ghost towns in ready for some rest. He offered us a table weight on her small neck!
that it is a relic of a bygone era, but choice of either beds in his house or
any place in his court yard for sleeping The trip to El Alamo can be made
it is unique in that it had six or seven
out under the stars. We chose the latter, fairly comfortably in a late model pas-
boom periods and it would still yield
as that was part of the purpose of our senger car, although a good landing
gold prolifically if worked. It also has
trip. strip is located there for those having
the most amusing, yet plausible, stories
air transportation. We made the return
of past incidents of any ghost town I At sunrise we breakfasted beside an trip from El Alamo to Ensenada in six
know. open fire on the outskirts of town, in- hours, but en route we took much longer
Have you ever heard of a louse race, cluding in our menu some of the delicious —even lingering for a bath at San Salva-
with purses ranging in the thousands, Mexican bread recommended in his Baja dor hot springs.
winner take all ? According to good books by Erie Stanley Gardner. Mr.
Mesa had assured us there were no Be sure to carry water and start with
authority, due to scarcity of water and
special arrangements necessary to visiting a full tank of gas. Little ranches never
necessary hygienic commodities, lice were
the mines, but some one would be glad seem more than four or five miles apart
common in the early days of El Alamo.
to escort us if we wished. and the natives' friendly greetings
After a rich strike a holiday would be
assured us of help should we need it.
declared and, there being no facilities El Alamo has, within a radius of 5
nor materials for diversion, the miners miles, some 20 or more key mines. Our road out of Ensenada led us up
improvised means to engage in their Among them are La Viznaga, La Gloria, Canyon de las Cruzes to a pass in the
favorite sports, gambling and racing. A Las Virgenes, Los Angeles, La Cruda, Descanso Mountains. Then we dropped
piece of white paper served as a track. La Quinota, La Princessa, Ulises. These rapidly into Ojos Negros valley. At the
The course was a penciled circle on the include thousands of feet of tunnels and foot of this grade, the road forks. To
paper; the steeds, lively lice from the numerous surface operations. The only the left is Real de Castillo where gold
betters' unshorn locks. The wagers— mining activity at present is dry placer placers were first discovered in 1872 by
equal pokes of gold dust which all went on a limited scale and rework of tailing Ambrosio Castillo, for whom the town
into a jack pot. The first louse out of dumps, also limited, but some of them was named. This town was the capital of
the circle earned for his master the operated as recently as 1948. Mining northern Baja from 1872 to 1882. The
entire pot! equipment of all types and vintage lies Continued on Page 33

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 17


My husband dignifies this rock by the
name of conglomerant. Its brilliant reds,
We were picnicking at a spot along
golds, oranges, purples, grays and browns
the American River near the historic min-
are repeated in the fruit of the opuntia
ing town of Auburn, California, when I
cactus, while the duller tones are echoed
found these striking pieces of shale.
in the bronze and tans of the ripened
They are silvery blue-gray except on the
heads of Egyptian corn. Corn tassels and
weather exposed sides, which are rusty
dried barley add a sparkling golden tan
orange. On another family excursion
accent. An old, rusty iron wagon hub I
farther up in the Sierras, I had discovered
dragged home from a desert trek serves
a fallen cedar tree that was disintegrat-
as a base for the rusty plow disk. Even
ing. The surface ivas like molten silver
though there's a hole in the disk, it was
and the pits were filled with rust-colored On an expedition into the California not needed in this arrangement, as the
pith. Exquisite in color and texture, the desert east of Daggett where we were materials are all dried.
cedar with its deep indentation was a looking for agate, we came upon this
perfect complement to the smooth, sheer strange cinder. About six inches in diam-
planes of the shale. The vegetation in eter and charcoal gray with bits of Although it came from the bank of a
this case came from a pine tree that had white frosted over its surface, it sug- canal, this piece of rust colored com-
blown over in a storm. New growth had gested to me a primeval setting like the pressed ash suggested a desert vignette.
already begun, so 1 plucked the needles beginning of plant life on earth. On On a redwood burl slab base, aloe leaves
from around the brown, silver-tipped new a slate base we'd found in the Sierra with their prickly, sharp edges, were re-
growth and grouped them as an accent foothills, I placed baby tears moss, grouped and placed on a pin frog. Spent
tvith the wood and stone composition. young fern tendrils and whisps of thu- blossom heads with delicate green stems
The whole is placed on a walnut base juosis to look as though they'd arisen and beige, papery flower sheaths are
which reflects their forms in its polished about the cinder as it cooled in an linear accents for the bold, solid form of
surface. age when the world was young. the compressed ash.

18 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


Dry arrangements are fun and practical
as long as they are not left around to
become dusty and disheveled. There is
no excuse for this when you have a
collection of rocks for inspiration, as it
is always easy to create something fresh
and new. A case in point is this group-
ing of concretions from Nevada's Pyra-
mid Lake. Although it suggests a tropi-
cal island with palm trees swaying in
the wind, it's actually only a foot high.
The base is a section of crust from the
dry lake bed while the mountain is an-
other free-standing limestone concretion.
Three varieties of succulents provide the
vegetation.

A treasure from the countryside around


Modesto, California, was the lichen cov-
ered granite and oak branches in this
plate. Nature arranged the basic lines
of the oak with the help of a little
trimming to remove twigs that cross
one another. Several pieces of granite
were grouped to give weight to the base.
There is a delightful affinity between the
two materials, for each has lichens of
unbelievable colors—pale turquoise, bril-
liant orange, mustard yellow and silver
blue. A seedling columbine that came up

• HB^HHNHHHHHHHHB
in our garden repeats the yellow and
orange of the lichens and gives an early
spring touch to the arrangement. The
base is a slice of redwood blackened by
long immersion in water, its shape re-
flecting the original contour of the tree

What happened to trunk from which it was cut.

THROWING
ROCKS?
By Frances Louise Bode

T HE FUN OF this whole crazy rock collecting business is that it's a hobby
for our whole family. While my husband and son search for "cutting
rocks," those perfect specimens used for cabochons, I hang onto their throw-
ing rocks" rejected outside their workroom door. I hardly know a "cutting
rock" from the hole it came out of, but I do know that the inherent beauty of
any unusual rock may be a source of inspiration for a prize-winning floral
arrangement—which constitutes my primary interest in their cast-offs.
This hobby has enhanced our lives by making us vibrantly aware of
the beauty to be found everywhere in nature. We hope these ideas will
stimulate a similar interest in the activities of other desert wanderers. / / /

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 19


Juan Jose Warner's
own ranch and trading post
as it looks today.
Color Photo by
Jack Pepper.

Warner
the man and the place

by Harry James

'-pHROUGH WARNER Springs ran one of the


. 1 most important trails in California. Indian trad-
ing, hunting, and war parties traced and retraced it.
Spanish Californians covered it on their journeys be-
tween the early mission settlements and, later, between
their great ranchos. American trappers in their wide
search for beaver plodded its dusty ways. Over it
stumbled men from Vallecito whose tattered uniforms
identified them as General Stephen Watts Kearny's
Army of the West. Again, later, came men of the
famous Mormon Battalion.
From 1858 until 1869 it was the first sign of green
grass and civilization in 22 days for passengers who
had traveled more than 2000 miles on the Butterfield
Stage Route from Titon, Missouri, through hostile In-
dian country, barren deserts and lurking stage coach
robbers. This era ended in 1869 with the completion
of the first transcontinental railroad.
Unlike today's travelers who reach Warners on
paved State Highway 79, the only cross-country route to
Warners and thence to Los Angeles and the West
Coast passed from Yuma and the vast wind-swept
Colorado Desert through the rugged Carrizo Corridor
between Vallecito and Laguna Mountains. What a
welcome sight was the verdant valley of Warners, for
after this area the trip was all but finished!
In sharp contrast to the days of Indian massacres
and other forms of early Western violence, the valley
today is peaceful and relaxing with a variety of attract-
ions for vacationers throughout the year.
On the site where Indians used to heal their wounds
before the advent of white man is now the family-style
Warner Springs Guest Ranch where visitors relax in
either the hot springs pool or another cooler one. The
ranch has comfortable cottages and features all types

20 /
journey to California, en route seeing
for the first time the area where he later
established his ranch.
Known as 'Long John" because of his
height and slimness, Warner traveled
throughout California and Oregon, in-
tending to return home. Illness changed
his mind, however, and he obtained em-
ployment as a clerk in Los Angeles.
Quickly he learned Spanish and became
a co-partner in a store with Henry Mel-
lus. He then became a friend of Pio Pico,
last govenor of Mexican California. This
friendship changed his life.
Living with Pico's mother was Anita
Gale, the daughter of an English sea
captain who had brought her to Califor-
nia when she was only five years old
and left her with the Picos as their
ward. In 1837 she and Jonathan War-
ner were married in the San Luis Rey
Mission.
Because of his connections with the
Picos and his friendship with so many
leading California citizens, Long John
became a naturalized Mexican citizen in
1843. Then, with the approval of the
Picos, applied for an abandoned ranch
of theirs in the Valle de San Jose.
This pastoral valley which came to be
known as Warner's was also known as
Agua Caliente because of its hot springs.
The ranch had been granted to Jose An-
tonio Pico in 1840 by the then governor
of California, Juan Bautista Alvarado.
The Picos built a ranch house, planted
Built by Cyrus Kimball in 1862, this adobe building has been incorrectly identified at vineyards, and grazed cattle there, but
times as Warner's ranch house. It still stands 1% miles S.E. of the real stage station. abandoned it within two years because
Photo by Shirley Adams, Laguna Beach, California. of constant trouble with Indians.
In 1844, after obtaining his Mexican
of recreation, including golf and horse- claimed by old-timers to have been used citizenship and adopting the name of
back riding. as a hanging tree. A small plaque in Juan Jose Warner, the former Connecti-
Today's Warner Trading Post, operat- front of the adobe says it was a Butter- cut invalid received a grant for 48,000
ed by Alfred Iller, offers not only gro- field stage station, although many authori- acres in one of the most beautiful valleys
ceries, but also clothing and souvenirs. ties believe it was not. in California.
Mr. Illers is an authority on the history Warner's own ranch house and trading When the Warners moved from Los
of the area. Side trips from Warners may post are still standing and are located Angeles to their new ranch, they lived
be made to Lake Henshaw, Palomar down the road from the Guest Ranch. Un- in an Indian-built adobe near the hot
Observatory, Julian, Oak Grove and into fortunately, because of vandals and souve- springs before moving into their own
the nearby Laguna Mountains. nir hunters, authorities were forced to quarters about three miles east of the
On a hill near the Trading Post is a put a chain fence around the historic springs. Here, too, Warner built the
picturesque adobe chapel which serves the landmark. The beautiful countryside sur- trading post which was to make him
Cupeno and the Los Coyotes Cahuilla rounding the old trading post is one of known far and wide during the years he
Indians of the area along with resort the largest working cattle ranches in was its proprietor.
guests who visit the tiny church for Sun- Southern California. See color photo. One historical puzzle is how such a
day mass. In 1830, Jonathan Trumbull Warner, highly-regarded person as Warner could
Several miles down the road to Anza- then 23, had to move to a milder climate have taken into his employ a man whose
Borrego, hidden by a low hill, is a small than his native Connecticut, so he headed name was connected with at least two
adobe building which once housed a rival for St. Louis where he secured employ- of the bloodiest episodes in California
to Warner's Trading Post. Known as ment with a party of mountain men history. William Marshall, a sailor from
the Kimball-Wilson store, it is remem- headed for Sante Fe and led by Jedediah Providence, Rhode Island, jumped his
bered today as the scene of four gory Strong Smith, whom Warner greatly ad- ship, the Hopewell, in San Diego. After
murders commited "in the good old mired. After Smith's tragic death in being jilted by a beautiful San Diego
days." Close by is a gigantic sycamore Sante Fe in 1831, Warner continued his senorita, Lugardia Osuna, he left that

22 /' Desert Magazine / November, 1965


pueblo and made his way to Agua Cali-
ente. There he ingratiated himself with ;• / ' - • -y.••••••', v u - r " - •••' " -

a Cupeno Indian chief and married his


daughter. Next he wormed his way into
the confidence of Warner and became
his most trusted employee.
When the war between the United
States and Mexico broke out in 1846
California was to become one of the
most hotly contested prizes of the con-
fused campaign, a campaign which in-
volved the Picos, Fremont, Kit Carson,
and other prominent figures of the period.
Warner was in a hot spot. He was
a naturalized Mexican citizen and vir-
tually a member of the Pico family, and
Pio Pico was now governor of California.
Somewhat inexplicably, his loyalties seem The adobe in which Anita and ]uan Jose Warner lived when they came to tthe valley
to have been with the United States and still stands at the present day Warners Guest Ranch. H. James photo.
he became a confidential agent of Thomas
Larkin, the Consul in Monterey, who was Garra and his followers beseiged the other ringleader, were also taken to San
directing U. S. strategy in the war. Warner ranch and trading post. Luckily, Diego for trial. At long last Marshall
Uncertainty as to Warner's sympathies Warner had been warned by friendly got his come-uppance. Charged with
caused him on one occasion to be arrest- Indians and had sent his family safely high treason, robbery, and the murder
ed by American forces and thrown into to San Diego. The beseiging Indians of the four invalids referred to earlier,
the guardhouse in San Diego. Only by killed one of Warner's servants, and he was found guilty and hanged on
feigning insanity was he able to escape Warner killed four of the attackers with December 18, 1951.
being shot. During this period, William his long rifle. Then he managed to It is thought that Long John Warner
Marshall became a sort of major-domo escape and join his family in San Diego. did not again live at his ranch after the
at the ranch, and was on hand to receive Further enraged, the Indians sacked Garra near-destruction of it. Eventually
the battered troops of General Kearny the house, drove off Warner's cattle, and he returned to Los Angeles where he
when they reached Warner's. killed four helpless white invalids they resided until his death in 1895.
It was Marshall who supplied them found at the hot springs. Finally the Despite the surge of development that
with their first decent meal in days and younger Garra was captured by Juan An- has swept most of Southern California,
there are stories that it was Marshall who tonio, and all the marauders, with the Warner ranch country looks much as it
supplied them with quantities of potent exception of Garra Sr., were court-mar- did in California's yesterday. One im-
fire-water sold at the trading post. This, tialed by the American Army and shot. provement welcomed by all cross-country
and kegs of wine the Army of the West Garra Sr. met the same fate after a trial
in San Diego. travelers, though, is the nice modern
found buried in the old chapel at San
William Marshall and Juan Berra, an- highway. ///
Ygnacio, may have been somewhat re-
sponsible for their inglorious defeat by
the California Lancers at San Pasqual.
In 1850, the officials of San Diego
County, eager for more revenues, levied
a tax on cattle possessed by Indians of
the back country. Some of the Indians
paid meekly, but Antonio Garra, Jr., re-
fused to pay. Marshall became one of
the ringleaders in this tax revolt, but in
sowing the wind, he reaped a whirlwind.
The tax revolt exploded into a planned
Indian uprising against all whites in
Southern California.
Garra made contacts with Indians all
the way to the Colorado River. White
settlements everywhere were close to
panic. The success or failure of the
Garra revolt would hinge, it was gener-
ally believed, on whether or not "Cap-
tain-General" Juan Antonio of the Ca-
huilla Indians and his warriors would
join Garra. Fortunately, he chose to side Cahuilla Indians and resort guests still attend Sunday services in the picturesque chapel
with the whites. near the ranch compound. H. James photo.

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 23


The Mystery of the Hohokams
By Stan Jones

ETROGLYPHS! P I C T U R E S and This was my introduction to a magni- Instead, from their beginning at the
P symbols chipped into stone! The
first I had ever seen!
ficent civilization. A trip to the Univer-
sity of Arizona in Tucson solved the
base of the cliffs near the top of the peak,
each source-gorge appeared measured in
There were many of them on these puzzle of the petroglyphs, but curiosity distance from the other, all around the
black desert stones. The sun, the moon, urged me to look further into the mystery mountainside. Great banks of boulders
the stars, all painstakingly portrayed. of this remarkable vanished race—the lined their course.
Intricate designs chipped with exquisite Hohokam. Then, about midway down the slopes,
care, beautiful in their artwork; a deer, In ever widening circles, atop the black each gorge sprouted additional and small-
a mountain goat with arched horns, all in boulder-strewn hilltop, I began to ex- er gorges, also boulder banked, and these I
a clustered circle around the oval depres- plore. Two odd features of this mountain, smaller channels fanned out in a series
sion of an ancient volcano. Cerro Prieto (Dark Mountain), puzzled of inverted Ys. Nature's handiwork? I
me. Hardly discernable, because of desert found that hard to believe. There was
There were more symbols and figures;
brush and trees, there seemed to be a nothing left to do but climb up and ex-
the snake, the scorpion, stick-figures with
series of horizontal lines resembling giant plore.
round heads wearing what appeared to be steppes on the east slope of the mountain.
a bowler hat! Well, I found that new world, and it
Too, something seemed unnatural is, indeed, an amazing and thrilling one!
about the dry washes running down from It lies only 28 miles north of Tucson via
the steep incline of the mountain. They a super-highway, and aproximately eight
Depressed areas, bordered with boulders were definitely not of the ragged, un- miles west of Red Rock, Arizona, off a
placed in straight lines, are remains of even design that characterizes flood and smooth, dirt road that, years ago, led to
prehistoric Hohokam irrigation system. cloudburst ravines of the desert lands. the once wealthy mining town of Sasco.

a
24 / Desert Magazine / October, 1965

Almost touching Sasco and encompas- Hohokam pathway at Cerrn Prietn haw. The Arncmfl State Museum's *fc>$$,
sing an area of nearly 20 square miles, ever, answered this question, as it is
this new/old world and its long-departed known that mud and thatch roofs, sup-
inhabitants have furnished the future ported by ridgepoles, were the covering
with a puzzle that no one, to date, has the Hohokams used. These had long
been able to solve. since decayed and crumbled.
While Sasco disappears under the Square walls, round walls, oblong
sands of time, it is strange to think that walls, hundreds of them, still standing,
there, closeby, on the harsh, steep slopes still outlining the great city of people
of Cerro Prieto, stands evidence of a re- who had once lived on that steep moun-
markable civilization that flourished at tainside. Each gorge, each stream bed
least 700 years before Sasco was built! fanning out in a great inverted Y down
While exploring Cerro Prieto, I chided the slope of Cerro Prieto was man-made,
myself for believing that I saw odd charac- hacked out of solid caliche, and directed
teristics in this tortured land where un- by a masive intelligence in a given di-
believable and weird formations are rection. And each boulder, some weighing
commonplace. I climbed through the as much as a half ton, had been delib-
thorny growth of the mountain only a erately placed, one on another, to form
short distance before my heart leaped. a stream border that even the terrible
There before me was a definite clearing, power of countless cloud-bursts had never
nearly six feet wide, leveled into the hill- displaced. Had there been only one or
side, bordered by hugh stones, and ex- walls, most still intact despite the on- two of these canals, the feat would not
tending north as far as I could see around slaught of the centuries, were fashioned have been especially remarkable, but here
the lower slope of the mountain! Defin- with boulders cleverly fitted one into and were dozens and dozens of these fantas-
itely, a pathway. And on the bare ground against another, forming thicknesses of tic water systems, perfectly preserved.
lay piece after piece of broken clay pot- about a foot and a half. So perfectly con- From the heights, nearly three-quar-
tery, some brilliantly painted, while structed were these walls that a plumb- ters of the way up those steep slopes, I
strewn in profusion among the clay frag- bob showed not a trace of lean or off- looked out over the myriads of acres of
ments were bright, chipped stones. center. level land below. Suddenly the tremen-
I had found it. The distinctive red on The plumb-bob and a level and square, dous extent of this engineered irrigation
buff pottery remnants proved it. An tested at a later date, proved that these system became clear to me. As far as the
original Hohokam site! people, classed as "aborigine" by history, eye could reach, in uniform pathways
somehow had learned, centuries ago, stretching for miles on the gently in-
Deeply excited, I scrambled up the
principles of architecture and construction clined land, the water run-off from this
slope to discover ledges carved into the
equal to present day know-how, as each mountain and others nearby had been
mountainside in a series of g i g a n t i c
wall and corner of the rectangular build- systematically and carefully channeled to
steppes, each terrace, with exception of
ings was absolutely perfect and true. irrigate thousands of acres of desert land.
brush now growing over it, table-top
Even today this would be a monumental
smooth and dotted with tell-tale heaps There were no roofs to these remark-
achievement, painfully evident by the fact
of broken pottery and chipped stone. able buildings, a fact which puzzled me.
that the land lies unirrigated and almost
Nine great steppes, each about 30 feet
totally reclaimed by desert growth.
in width, banked up into one another
with definite walls of boulders inclined It is incredible that a people without
into the mountain's steepness, still hold- metal tools or machinery could achieve
ing firm after all these years. What a such tremendous projects. But, they did,
tremendous feat of engineering this en- and the proof, preserved in remarkable
tire project had been! clarity, still exists.
The steppes extended north around Who were they?
the slope of the mountain nearly half a If you should ask the archeologists
mile and climbed upward in ever dimin- who have spent years in the study of these
ishing distances. At each level, as the fabulous "Old People," they will answer,
steppes ended at the far northern extrem- unhappily, that no shred of evidence has,
ity, the low, stone walls of rectangular to date, been uncovered which will an-
buildings still remained. swer this question. And, even more un-
By chance, I ventured from the east happily, they will advise you that two
slope and the terraces toward the north- more vital questions concerning this old
ern section of the mountain and, again, race lie unanswered: Where did they
found excitement and wonder. There, on come from? Into what limbo did they
surfaces leveled into solid caliche and vanish ?
protected by great banks of boulders, were But they can tell you many things
stone-walled frames of buildings, one about these brilliant people. They can
after another, dotting the way up the en- tell you that they made intricate and or-
tire slope into the heights of the moun- nate jewelry out of stone, bone, turquoise
tain. and sea shell, that they grew cotton and
And what remarkable buildings! The Petroglyphs were many and varied. wove its fibers into garments, that they

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 25


CHRISTMAS DECOR
Ranch - Grown

CUT
Desert
HOLLY
Unique long-last-
ing festive foliage
for a true desert Christmas
. . . GIFT BOX 1 8 x 6 x 4 "
$2.50
tax, postage included
ORDER BY MAIL FROM:
DESERT LAKESHORE RANCH Well preserved walls of two Hohokam buildings on north slope of Cerro Prieto.
Box 183, THERMAL, CALIF.
were master artisans, engineers, archi- And I have. It is one that will serve
tects, builders and agriculturists. no useful purpose in solving the mystery
They can tell you that these ancient of the Hohokam, but I believe some Nor-
Market Basket Photo Co.
P . O . Box 2830 people had learned the secret of decora- dic race braved the oceans and the ice of
San Diego 92112 California ting beautiful clay pottery with bright the extreme north, centuries ago, and en-
designs which have lasted, bright and tered, possibly, through Greenland, into
clear, up to this day. And they can tell Canada, then America, there ending an
* PHOTO CHRISTMAS CARD* you that the Hohokam had learned to exploration that had taken them too far
TIME
etch wonderful designs on sea shells— from home to ever return again. The
Yes! with acid! great stone circle I found, with the center
it's that time of year again cross-piece leading east and west, corres-
They speak with some awe about the
ponds somewhat to that circle found in
fact that these old people, too, could melt
Send us your lavorite Christmas Card Stonehenge, England.
negative and we will print you one FREE
metal, for proof of the use of metal is
Slim-[_ine or Trim-Line card} your choice found in the paint which has endured My reasons for believing this are, per-
and mail to you a New 1965 Christmas Card
through the centuries and more strikingly, haps, childishly simple. Chiefly, I believe
price sheet.
in sets of tiny, copper bells, cast in some it because I cannot find any record in
unknown fashion, so many years ago! past history of Asiatic races being other
than short and squat. The Hohokams were
Market Basket Photo Co. But there is one other tremendously
P.O. Box 2830 of a strong, virile race. Their petroglyphs
San Diego 92112 California important thing these detectives of lost
indicate a tall, slender people.
ages do not know. And that is—what
To test this theory, I coerced a group
the Hohokam looked like! To this date,
of friends of diverse heights to make
ANCIENT PERSIAN ARROWHEADS no perfect evidence of their features and
marks on a blackboard and then took an
These ancient Persian stature has been found because—the Ho-
arrowheads date from ap-
average of the positions of the markings
hokam cremated their dead!
oroximately 1000 B.C.. from ground level. If this test has any
Used by nomadic warriors The archeologists have theories. The scientific value at all, it would prove that
in combat and for the hunt- predominant one is that the Hohokam
ng of wild animals. These the Hohokam artists were at least six feet
arrows were buried with was a segment of an adventurous Asiatic in height—or over!
his other prized possessions. race who crossed over into America via In regard to the disappearance of the
Recently excavated, these the Bering Straits and worked southward.
arrows exhibit a rich green Hohokam, of course it is possible that
surface color that But today, not one shred of evidence they declined into present-day Indian cul-
only centuries of en- exists than can substantiate this idea. tures. But, there too, many other explana-
tombment could create.
They stand approximate- In regard to the disappearance of these tions, just as plausible, are possible. Stone
ly 3 high, and a r e "Old People," the theory is held that bowls left in the exact place of their
mounted on lucite bases. A parchment certi- sometime after 1400 A.D., for some rea-
ficate of authenticity accompanies each
usage, so many years ago, and pottery
crrow $6.50 ppd. son, cultural or climatic, a breakdown in crumbling in the very rooms "they"
Money-Back Guarantee communal thought and effort occured, cooked and ate and drank in, bear, I feel,
climaxed by a long, slow decline of hu- a definite testimony to sudden departure.
FREE Gift Catalog! manity into the present-day Indian tribes Somehow, someday, I feel sure arche-
Superb display pieces, 200 to '/2 billion who occupy the southern desert regions. ologists will, by methodical steps and
years old, from $1. Oil, lamps, Buddhas,
coins, glass. Weapons, Masks and More! I am certainly not qualified, by educa- good luck, solve the riddle of the "Old
Write for FREE catalog today. tion or training, to debate these theories, Ones" and their disappearance. And,
A L A D D I N HOUSE, LTD. but no one can prevent me from having just maybe, one of my theories will prove
Dept. D-10C, 520 Fifth Ave., N.Y..N.Y. 10036 correct! / / /
a theory of my own.

26 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


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MESA, ARIZONA—454 North Temple KANSAS CITY—P.O. Box F, Drexel, Missouri

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 27


Bullion

W INTER
County,
stood above the
HAD come to Inyo
California. Bleak clouds
Sierras and all mining
anyone in Lone Pine, Olancha, or what
is left of Keeler and they will tell you
the same story. And that was how I—
nearby realized how much could be saved
in freight costs, steamer transport spread
rapidly throughout such lakes as Mea-
activity for the year 1882 would be with all the misapplied energy of every dow, Owens, Donner, Mono, Walker,
suspended soon. new Californian— took up the hunt for Klamath, Pyramid and Honey. Besides
A small steamer, laden with 83-pound the silver bars. saving money, the steamers cut wagon
bars of silver-lead bullion, plowed south- Sitting in cool comfort in Los Angeles, and mule-train times to shreds and car-
westerly across Owens Lake, arcing to- this particular treasure hunt seemed al- ried bulky equipment which would have
ward Cartago. As the sun dropped be- most too easy. Owens Lake had dried up been out of the question for teamsters on
hind the gleaming Sierras, a cold wind in the 1930s from a combination of narrow, rugged trails. Owens Lake was
whipped the blue-green water into gray natural and man-made effects. Anyone the third waterway in California to adopt
manes of alkaline foam. The wind with a half-analytical mind, I felt sure, steamers, and the year was 1872.
strengthened by the minute until the could trace the regular route of this At the time, the entire Owens Valley
stubby little ship was fighting for sur- vessel across the lake on a large-scale was a hive of activity. The immensely
vival against a 40-knot northwester square map, calculate the effects of a stiff side rich Cerro Gordo mining district in
on her starboard. wind, and arrive at a small circle on the the Inyo Mountains on the east poured
Yard by yard, she was driven inexor- map within which a search could be con- forth silver-lead ore from a dozen mines.
ably toward the shallow sand wastes be- centrated. It was only by pure good luck On the narrow flats below—at the edge
low the Coso Range where the waves that I decided to pass the lake with of the lake—the new Swansea smelting
broke on sandy reefs and shallows. As only a lingering glance last July, and plant was producing about 150 83-pound
the last daylight faded from the Inyo continue up to Independence to do some bars of bullion per three-shift day from
Mountains behind, the frantic crew felt historical research in the county seat. each of two furnaces; 25,000 pounds
a terrible rumbling crash in the hold as The dossier I built up in the cool, sane every 24 hours. Tunnel props and fur-
a pile of massive bars slid loose from basement library of the county building nace charcoal to extend the mines and
its packings and tumbled across the ended my search right there, but the true
smelt the ores came from the mills and
slanted floor. facts turned out to be far more vivid
kilns across the lake in the Cottonwood
than the still-current treasure-hunter's
The vessel never recovered her balance. Creek vicinity. Ranching and farming
dream. If any DESERT reader has had
She spun slowly, throwing her crew sprawled out across the lush meadows of
thoughts of one day unearthing a pile
into the water, went over on her side, Olancha on the south, and followed the
of silver bars in the heat-crevassed salty
and slid to the bottom amid sounds of 300,000-acre Owens River Valley on the
wasteland that was Owens Lake, he
wind, waves, hissing steam. Neither the north as far as Bishop.
might profit from these findings.
vessel nor its cargo of silver bullion was The only crux was transportation. It
Steam ships were introduced into Cali-
ever recovered. took teams of 12 mules jive days to
fornia lakes in 1864, when the Governor
This legend of the lost bullion ship Blaisdel was launched on Lake Tahoe to move a standard six-ton load of bullion
has been tucked away in the memories carry lumber for the mines. When mine from the Swansea smelting plant across
of local residents for over 80 years. Ask owners and burgeoning communities the sandy wastelands to the transhipment

28 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


point at Olancha. The same delays be-
set the ranchers, produce growers, lum-
ber mills and charcoal makers. Although
Comes with
natural gold nugge NOW! THE NEW
scores of small freight outfits were con-
tinuously on the move around the lake,
that it will detect.
GOLD-MASTER
you can see on looking back that steam-
powered water transport was inevitable.
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The new GOLD-MASTER Mineral,
Only July 4, 1872 at 10:30 a.m., a Metal and Treasure finder can detect
small Gold and Silver nuggets, Rings, Coins.
small girl smashed a bottle of wine over Mineral float, Veins and Treasures. NO EAR-
PHONES. A powerful speaker Is used. Comes
the bow of Owens Lake's first steamer, with two loops, one for small nuggets and one
for treasures and veins. SIMPLE TO OPERATE.
and shyly voiced the ritualistic "I christen Comes with samples, instructions and fresh batteries.
this ship the Bessie Brady." The place COMPLETE, ONLY $169.50
was Ferguson's Landing, named for $29.50 down, Balance at $10.57 per month
entrepreneur D. H. Ferguson; the little — FREE LITERATURE - WHITE'S
girl was Bessie Brady, daughter of James UrU'ris: Gold) Silver, Copper, Coins, ELECTRONICS
Kings, Treasure, Metals ;iiid other [•leasimt Valley Rd., I)ept. DM,
Brady who was superintendent of the Mineral Deposits. GUAKANTKKD! Sweet Home, Oregon
Owens Lake Silver-Lead Company at
Swansea. Brady and Ferguson between
them had just invested over $10,000 in wharf about six miles south of Swansea, It was at this point—about March
the newly-christened ship, in addition to where the Yellow Grade tramway came 1877—that she was joined by a second
which Ferguson had built a wharf and down to his smelters from the distant steamer. Col. Stevens' operations had
mines in the Cerro Gordo district. By grown to such an extent that he incor-
warehouse at the landing to which he
1876, a Southern Pacific Railroad line porated as the Inyo Lumber & Coal
had given his name.
had been pushed north from Los Angeles Company, and promptly ordered his own
The Bessie Brady was 85 feet long, to Mojave, so that the only slow section ship. And so the keel for a new steamer
had a 16-foot beam, a six-foot deep hold, in the ingot shipping pattern was the was laid near the mouth of Cottonwood
and a relatively shallow draft. Records Creek. The vessel was smaller than Bes-
wagon trail from Cartago to Mojave.
show she was powered by a 20 hp. 10x10- sie Brady so that the hull was completed
Under the impetus of this speed-up in
inch steam engine built at San Francisco and launched by mid-May of 1877.
transport, activity in the Cerro Gordo
by Pacific Foundry. The 52-inch screw
mines rose to a fever pitch, while Bessie Two days after the new hull was
was directly geared to the single piston.
Brady bustled from wharf to wharf, day launched, an incident occurred which is
Through some error, the huge propeller
was partially out of the water when Bes- in and day out. almost certainly the genesis of the Lost
sie Brady settled into her element. Most
likely explanation is that the suppliers in
San Francisco were unaware of Bessie's
unusually shallow draft for a vessel of
her displacement.
On June 27, the vessel made her pre-
maiden voyage across the lake to Car-
tago, carrying 700 ingots (about 30
tons) of silver bullion to waiting Los
Angeles-bound wagons. Satisfied by this
trial sailing, Brady and Ferguson laid
on everything from champagne to fire-
works for the official July 4 chirstening,
and took about 130 Independence Day
celebrants on a trip around the lake to
prove that water transportation was faster,
cheaper, and infinitely easier. After the
champagne corks and bunting had been The Family Vehicle for Year-Round Fun!
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feet of area and can be completely enclosed with special fitted curtains. It takes only a
From the beginning, the steamer was minute to unsnap the tension latches and roll out on rugged nylon rollers. Guaranteed not
a complete success. With a speed of to rattle. IN THE TREELESS DESERT AREAS WHERE SHADE MEANS LIFE YOU ARE SAFE AND
COMFORTABLE WITH THE PATENTED PULLMAN CANOPY.
seven knots, she was able to make a
Other Pullman Features
straight run from Swansea to Cartago in
STRONG LIGHTWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION. Tubular aluminum framework provides greater
under three hours, carrying passengers strength yet reduces over-all weight and gas costs. Safety glass in all stationary windows.
and 70 tons of bullion. The freight cost LOADING MADE EASY. Extra-wide four-foot rear door.
was less than half what one wagon team SPACE SAVING. Door table cabinet provides storage space and doubles as table or work area.
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about 1/25th the cost of land transport!
Prices Start at Only $375.00
In September 1873, mine owner M. VISIT OUR MODERN PLANT AND SEE FOR YOURSELF, OR WRITE FOR FREE BROCHURE TO
W. Belshaw bought out James Brady's PULLMAN CAMPERS, DEPT. DM, 8211 PHLOX ST., DOWNEY, CALIFORNIA
interest in the Bessie Brady and built a TELEPHONE TOpaz 2-7968 or SPruce 3-5686.

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 29


Bullion Ship treasure story. A heavy
wind came up during the night, after
workmen had left the undecked hull . • • ' ' • • • • 11 n

floating quietly at its moorings. Under


the combined effects of an expectionally
heavy rain storm and waves breaking full
against its side, the new hull gradually
filled with water and sank by the wharf.
Owens Lake obviously had the pioneer-
ing spirit of helping out a distressed
neighbor, for the hull was raised within
two days mainly through the help of
Bessie Brady's steam-powered tackle!
When finally ready to sail, the new
ship was fitted with a powerful engine
said to have come from the former U.S.S.
Pensacola. She was christened the Mollie
Stevens, after the colonel's daughter, and
made her first trans-lake run early in
June 1877, carrying timber for the
Union Consolidated Mine at Cerro
Gordo.
For a short time after that, both ships Author and other treasure-seekers find relics of former mining days.
lived busy lives, but the beginning of the
end for Cerro Gordo's lavish day ap-the quietness of depression settled over into California mining history. As the
peared when silver prices slumped around this great basin. Almost exactly a year Bessie Brady was being dismantled, Capt.
the world and charcoal prices skyrocketed later, the ageing Bessie Brady was hauled J. M. Keeler came to the valley and
under the effects of dwindling timber ashore at Ferguson's Landing and strip- bought out all major mining operations
supplies in the region. By the end of ped of her machinery. on behalf of some eastern financiers. A
1878, Mollie Stevens was swinging idly One last burst of activity came to new townsite and mill location—to be
at her Cottonwood Creek moorings and Cerro Gordo before the district passed called Keeler—were laid in on March 1,
1880. Within a year, a 10-stamp mill was
in operation at Keeler for the new Owens
Lake Mining & Milling Company. In
a magificent attempt at integrating the
entire district, Keeler purchased Col.
Stevens' lumber and coal business across
the lake at Cottonwood Creek. The
Mollie Stevens was promptly put to work
hauling 150,000 feet of lumber to the
resuscitated shafts at Cerro Gordo, and
the lake echoed once more to the sounds
of steam power.
So far as is known, the Mollie Stevens
never carried any bullion shipments. The
new stamp mills were so efficient that
only the most highly refined bullion
was produced. These high-grade bars
• New powerful 1300 cc 4 cylinder engine could be economically shipped from
• New 250 watt alternator • 4-speed
Keeler to Mojave by fast stage, so that
"stickshift" • Torsion-bar stabilizer •
Big 6' b e d - u p to 2000 Ib. payload • More the older economies of slow wagon ver-
check these features cab room —more load room • Longer sus fast steamer no longer held.
overall — wider — heavier — more rugged
• Delivers l o a d e d - h e a t e r , WSW tires, The extent to which this once great
MORE POWER- vinyl interior, outside mirror, even a
cigarette lighter • Saves up to 5 0 % on
mining district had declined was clearly
indicated by the fact that Keeler's newly-
MORE ROOM FOR operating costs with up to 31 mpg •
economy and low maintenance design. organized Owens Lake Mining & Mill-
NEW PICKUP... del. plus l i e , tax, D.&.H.,
$1655 and local freight, if any.
ing — encompassing all former mining
companies in the area — only put out
.. .just ask an owner! $6,000 worth of silver per week, a far
cry from the boom days when the Swan-

DATSUN
For Dealer name write: D A T S U N , Dept. DM'll, PO Box 1 9 1 , G a r d e n a , California
sea smelters were pouring about $37,000
worth of bullion every six days.
Both steamers fell victim to the last
desperate efforts to keep the mines going.

ilO / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


Keder, finding the Mollie Stevens less
efficient than the records showed Bessie
Brady to have been, purchased the latter
and had her towed to his town. There
she was completely overhauled and refit-
ted, while the Mollie Stevens was beached
and cannibalized to provide the engine,
boiler and auxiliary equipment.
Bessie Brady was almost ready to be
re-launched on a hot, hazy May after-
noon in 1882, when some malignant
spark hit the near-explosive mixture of
fumes from oil, caulking compound,
paint and tar which filled the below-
decks spaces. Within seconds, she was
a bonfire. Within an hour, nothing re- iffI? :
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mained but the hot, carbonized skeleton
of a dumpy little ship so many had loved.
Barely a year later the southern ter-
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oblivion. Avion—Benton Harbor, Michigan or San Jacinto, California.
As I made the last note, and closed
the last reference book in the hospitable
public library at Independence, the con-
clusion was inescapable. There was no
lost ship, its hold filled with shining
'"AVION
COACH CORPORATION
stacks of silver bullion, lying in the waste- Write for Camper Catalog 02. Send for Trailer Catalog D.
land that was Owens Lake. Only the
half truths that treasure hunters live by
sometimes, and some garbled local Uncover the secrets of the
legends, had sustained this story through West's romantic history...
the years.
gem-minerals and cultural
Later, as I drove through the lonely
Inyo Mountains toward Panamint Valley,
artifacts of past ages lie
my disappointment gradually gave way hidden in these legendary
to a feeling of peaceful detachment from areas of lost mines and
the narrow, mean life forced on one by buried treasure...
that modern strait-jacket, the city. More
real than the Los Angeles traffic I had
left temporarily was the vivid past that Follow the old trails of the Spaniards, Padres, Indians and Prospectors with
still haunts these ridges and passes. I
stopped once on Route 190 to look back
while the setting sun reddened the hills
GOLDAK METAL/MINERAL LOCATORS
around Centennial Flat and filled the dry model 520- B
lake with shadows. It took no effort of The "CHAMPION"
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tant Swansea; to hear the rattle of ore type ever developed, the
"Champion" instantly detects
trams and the shouts of rough mining buried metal objects, gold, silver
men; to trace the criss-cross patterns of and minerals to a depth of
eight feet!
two small ships between five wharves that Fully transistorized, yet of simple,
easy-to-operate design, the
echoed under heavy boots. "Champion" is equipped with a
tunable detection head for maximum
I don't know . . . there isn't evidence sensitivity over mineralized ground,
as well as a special, curved, folding
of sunken bullion in history books, but aluminum handle for lighter weight,
ease of storage and balanced,
some kind of treasure must have dropped one-hand operation $127.50
overboard and become buried in today's Write or phone today
for FREE Literature!
desert sands. For nostalgia's sake, if not
for the loot, I think I'll go back some- THE GOLDAK COMPANY, INC.
day and take a look! / / / Oept. DD-3, 1544 Glenoaks Blvd., Glendale, Calif. • CH 5-6571'

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 31


A monthly feature by
the author of
Ghost Town Album,
Ghost Town Trails, and
Ghost Town Shadows.

Cooney,
New Mexico
BY LAMBERT FLORIN

N 1870 young Sergeant James C. dust. When air-hammers working under-


I Cooney was a member of a scouting
expedition out of Fort Bayard. At heart
extend their sources of gold and silver
with further explorations. Turner never
came back. When his body was dis-
ground hit a vein of metal-bearing quartz,
they stirred up a cloud of finely pulver-
a prospector, Cooney noted several spots covered, pieces of ore were in his pack. ized material irritating to the lungs. In-
of float worth looking into once his Cooney decided to search out the spot halation over a period of only a few
hitch was served. The richest was an they had come from, but next spring his months was a sure invitation to the
outcropping in the Mogollons (pro- body was found, this time frozen and "con." The afflicted miner would then
nounced mugg'owns). Immediately only a short distance from where Turner's be relegated to a lesser job above ground,
upon being mustered out, he confided body had been discovered. but the disease was progressive and
to a few trusted friends the location of The camp of Cooney was failing be- usually resulted in complete disability or
his best discovery. cause of depleted ores, but it had attract- death.
Forming an informal partnership, the ed many prospectors to the area in spite The company made sincere efforts to
men headed for the mountains. Insuffi- of the Apaches. This led to the finding end the casualities. Water hoses were in-
ciently protected and under-provisioned, of fabulous gold and silver deposits in stalled alongside those powering the com-
they were harassed by marauding Silver Creek Canyon, a short distance pressors and pumps, and miners were in-
Apaches and forced to retire to Silver away. Some of the mines established structed to squirt water alongside the air
City, to lick their wounds. There they there were Maude, Deep Down, Last gun. This method worked when used,
took odd jobs and saved enough money Chance and the richest of all, Little but the men didn't like getting wet and
to outfit another venture two years later. Fanny. considered the whole thing a nuisance.
This time the party set out with two ox- The town had reached a population of They dropped the water hoses when sup-
drawn wagons filled with equipment and around 1909 when Little Fanny was de- ervisors weren't around and the carnage
were successful in establishing a rough veloped. Two years later a roster of of dust-ruined lungs continued. Then
and-ready camp in Cooney Canyon, thirsty residents was supporting 14 the company hit upon a solution by
named for the discoverer. saloons. Included among businesses by arranging the drills so they wouldn't
Below on the flats was Alma, an agri- then were five stores, seven restaurants work except in conjunction with water
cultural community so harassed by and an unknown number of brothels, the jets. Thus conditions improved.
Apaches the settlers had little time for last being segregated on the flat at the By 1915 the camp's payroll was be-
farming. Citizens there called on the lower end of town. When this reporter tween $50,000 and $75,000 every month.
camped in the area, the ghost town's only Gold and silver bullion poured into Sil-
army-experienced James Cooney for help.
remaining resident, elderly Mr. Friolo, ver City in a steady 90-mile stream over
The ex-sergeant was agreeable, but lost
came by for a visit. "Well," he remarked, frighteningly steep grades barely nego-
his life when Apaches ambushed him "I see you're stopping in the red-light tiable even by 18-mule teams.
on the trail. James' younger brother, district!" These grades exist today and the rough,
Captain Michael Cooney, then took over The camp had a high death rate from rocky road presents some hair-raising
at the mining camp. what was familiarly called "miner's moments to city drivers, but several
In the spring of '83 the Captain grub- con," a form of silicosis of the lungs vacationists manage to spend summer in
staked a man named Turner, hoping to caused by inhalation of silicates or quartz the old town along with the ghosts. / / /

32 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


GHOST PUEBLO IN BAJA
Continued from Page 17
right fork heads south for El Alamo. "SINCE 1931"
The road improved a little as we drove
through fenced-in lanes with wheat and
alfalfa fields on either side.
About four miles from the foot of the
grade is Tienda Ojos Negros. Gasoline,
J/H Travel Trailer
oil, food, beer and water are available ELEVEN MODELS 1 6 FT. TO 3 5 FT.
here from most hospitable hosts. Around
PROTECT YOUR HEALTH
the turn of the century before the long with WATER-GARD purifier;
MODEL 21
periods of drought in Baja, this valley STANDARD EQUIPMENT O N ALL
provided lush grazing country for cattle Write for free literature SELF-CONTA.NED MOOELS
and horses. Tienda Ojos Negros now TRAVELEZE TRAILER CO., INC. D.P. D
occupies one of the original adobe build- 11473 Penrose Street Sun Volley, California TRiangle 7-5587
ings of the Circle Bar ranch, one of the
biggest and most prosperous spreads in
the history of northern Baja.
From Tienda Ojos Negros to Alamo
there are 37 miles of deep rutted dirt
roads. We made it in a 1955 Chevrolet,
but would recommend something more
MIGHTY MIDAS
1 i. _ (Pat applied for) **KJ
rugged with better underclearance. There FABULOUS NEW GOLD CONCENTRATOR
is plenty of water along this route. We • HIGH EFFICIENCY—Recover ALL the colors from
counted nine natural watering places for any dry sand
cattle in about 15 miles.
• HIGH CAPACITY—Up to three tons per hour
Sangre de Cristo was our third stop—
TRULY PORTABLE—Weighs only 42 lbs.
about 10 miles from Ojos Negros. Here
is a natural spring, the water running ONE MINUTE SET-UP—Easy operation
into a hollowed-out log trough at the • EVERYTHING
side of the road. About five miles fur-
MINIATURIZED
ther south is San Salvador, a hot springs
rich in sulphur and other salubrious INCLUDING THE PRICE
minerals. There's a weather-beaten frame $349.50
shanty which houses a wooden bathing
vat and baths are free for the taking. MONEY-BACK GUARANTEE!
Mix the included sample of placer gold with dry sand and run thru
Seven miles south of San Salvador is machine. ALL colors must be recovered or return the machine,
Pino Solo. This lone pine stood for hun- undamaged, within 10 days, for refund. KEEP THE GOLD!
dreds of years as a stately landmark, AQUAPPLIANCES, INC. 16242 PINEVIEW RD. SAUGUS, CALIF.
until three years ago when it partly
burned after being struck by lightning.
Two years later, in its weakened condi-
tion, it was unable to withstand the force
of a wind storm and now lies beside
MACDONALD Telescopic CAMPERS
the road, but still is an unmistakable land
mark. El Alamo is 15 miles south from A SOLID FAVORITE FOR
here. FASTER, SAFER GOING!
While searching for data pertinent to
El Alamo history, I ran across a copy of
the San Diego Union and Daily Bee of
Aug. 23, 1898. It carries an article stat-
ing that Mr. R. G. Brown, manager of
the Bodie Consolidated Mining Co. and ALL STEEL FRAME
C. W. Parsons, his assistant, had been OTHER LUXURY FEATURES:
inspecting new gold discoveries "in the
Alamo region." Mr. R. G. Brown man- Aluminum Exterior

aged a company which operated a mine Beautiful Interior Paneling


with a production of over $100,000,000. Heavy 1 " Fiberglass Insulation
MACDONALD CAMPER KIT CO.
Based on this criteria, I would say that 84 Inches Wide 11015 E. Rush St., El Monte, Calif. cu 3-5201
should some day world economics and Adjustable Roof Vents Write Factory Direct for any information
monetary values reach a balance point Three-Burner Stove with Oven
and gold mining is revived, El Alamo NAME
Formica Counters
might be among the ghost towns to live ADDRESS
. . . AND, MUCH, MUCH MORE!
again. /// CITY

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 33


COOKERY

TURKEY TETRAZZINI BEEF STEW BAKED CHICKEN WITH CHEESE


4 ounces American Beauty Ital- Brown IV2 lbs. stew meat in y3 cup 2V2-lb. broiler-fryer, cut up
ian Style Spaghetti margarine. Add V2 Ib. sliced mush- Vi cup melted butter or
1 can cream of mushroom soup rooms and saute until tender. margarine
Vz cup milk Sprinkle this with garlic salt to taste, 1 tablespoon Soya sauce
1 cup diced cooked turkey salt and pepper. Add V4 teaspoon 1 cup dairy sour cream
(or chicken) thyme and V2 teaspoon dill seed. V4 cup grated American or
Vi cup minced green pepper Add 1/2 can consomme, 1 medium Cheddar cheese
1 tablespoon minced onion can tomatoes. Simmer for IV2 hours
1 cup shredded cheddar or old V2 teaspoon salt
stirring occasionally. Add 6 small
English cheese whole onions, 6 small whole potatoes y% teaspoon paprika
Cook spaghetti in lightly salted and 1 bunch carrots cut in 2-inch Place chicken in buttered baking
water until tender; drain. (This dish pieces. Cook slowly for 45 minutes dish. Pour melted butter mixed with
is best if you use Italian type spa- or until vegetables are cooked. Soya sauce over it. Combine sour
ghetti.) Combine with remaining in- Thicken sauce with 2 tablespoons cream, grated cheese, salt and pap-
gredients, reserving half the cheese. flour stirred into 1/2 cup water. rika and pour over chicken. Bake at
Pour into a iy2-quart buttered cas- Serves 5 or 6. 325 degrees for IV2 hours. Makes
serole. Sprinkle remaining cheese 3 servings or 4 small ones.
on top. Bake in 400 degree oven for
about 30 minutes. 4 or 5 servings.
This casserole freezes well. TUNA CASSEROLE WITH
ARTICHOKES
PUERTO RICO POT ROAST
2 cans chunk style tuna,
undrained 1 4-lb pot roast or rump roast
GINGER CHICKEN ORIENTAL
2 tablespoons butter or margarine 2 tablespoons salt
cups chicken broth 2 tablespoons chopped onion 14 teaspoon pepper
1V2 teaspoons salt 1 tablespoon flour Dash of ginger
VA to y2 teaspoon ground ginger 1 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons shortening
1V2 cups diagonally sliced celery Dash of nutmeg, pepper 2 cloves garlic, chopped fine
V2 cup thinly sliced onion IV4 cups milk 2 onions, chopped fine
2 cups diced cooked chicken 1 cup diced or grated American IV2 cups prunes
1 tablespoon Soya sauce cheese 1 cup pitted ripe olives
1 can sliced mushrooms 1 can artichoke hearts or 1
2 tablespoons cornstarch 1 can sliced mushrooms
package frozen ones. I prefer
IV2 cups packaged pre-cooked rice the canned, but do not use the Rub the pot roast with mixture of
V4 cup toasted slivered almonds canned ones that are marin- salt, pepper and ginger. Heat the
Place broth, salt and ginger in sauce ated. shortening in Dutch Oven, add beef
pan or skillet and bring to boil. Add VA cup soft bread crumbs and brown on both sides. Add gar-
celery, onion and chicken. Cover and Drain oil from tuna into large skillet, lic, onions and Vfc cup water. Cover
cook over moderate heat until celery add 2 tablespoons of butter and tightly and cook over low heat for
is tender crisp, about 10 minutes. the onion. Saute onion almost ten- about IV2 hours, turning occasion-
Stir in Soya sauce. Drain mush- der. Blend in flour and seasonings. ally. While roast is cooking, soak
rooms and combine liquid from them Gradually add milk. Cook, stirring prunes in IV2 cups water. At end
with cornstarch. Add to chicken mix- constantly until sauce boils 1 minute. of cooking period, add prunes and
ture, stirring constantly until mix- Add cheese, stir until melted. Com- liquid to meat. Add olives and mush-
ture thickens. Add mushrooms and bine with tuna and artichokes; turn
heat. Meanwhile, cook rice accord- rooms, well drained. Cover and cook
into ly^-quart buttered casserole.
ing to directions. Place rice in cen- Sprinkle with bread crumbs, dot with gently for about 1 hour more, or
ter of serving dish, and surround butter. Bake in 350 degree oven for until roast is tender. To serve, sur-
with chicken. Sprinkle with almonds. 20 minutes. This is an unusual and round meat with fruit mixture on a
Serves 4. delicious dish. hot platter. Serves 6 to 8.

34 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


Pari of a series of articles relating Sam Hicks' first-hand observations
of the uses made by primitive peoples of nature's products. Cookbooks for
Christmas
Desert Dispensary
by Sam Hicks ZODIAC PARTIES,
MENUS AND RECIPES
RUDA
By Choral C. Pepper,

R UDA IS ONE of the most preva-


lent home-remedy herbs in the
Southwest. It is frequently found grow-
editor of DESERT Magazine
Here's an entirely new party idea for
each month of the year. Menus and recipes
ing in Mexican households either as a featuring unusual foods and combinations
based upon characteristics ascribed to each
potted plant or as a shrub in the flower sign of the Zodiac, together with descrip-
garden. Its yellow blossoms quickly tions of what these groups of individuals
are like. Hardcover, illustrated by Al
change from flowers to thick pods Merryman, $4.95.
which, when crushed, release an exhilara-
Book is scheduled for publication late
ting fragrance that opens the sinuses October. Advance orders will be filled first
much the same as does menthol. Its and autographed copies are available on
aromatic leaves and pods are cooked request.
into teas of varying strengths which are
taken for stomach disorders, and by
women as an aid to menstruation. Ruda For those who enjoy good,
tea is carefully avoided during preg-
nancy. Its leaves, slightly crushed and authentic Mexican food . . .
rolled into small plugs, are inserted into
the ear to relieve ear-aches. FIESTAS MEXICANAS,
MENUS AND RECIPES
Eleanore Ringland and Lucy Ringland Winston

•jft MARRUBIO BLANCO


This well-known whitish-green plant
flourishes in most of the Southwest and
A valuable collection of truly different
south-of-the-border dishes with menus, all
designed for even the most inexperienced
cook. A brand new book just off the press.
Hardcover. $3.95.
is considered a nuisance by most people
because of the tenacious manner in
which its cockle-burr seed pods cling to
clothing and to domestic animals. It DISCOVERING
does have medicinal properties, though, MEXICAN COOKING
and its tea is a good remedy for bilious- By Stephenson and Young

r ness. When ripe the seeds are easy to


separate from pod clusters and are
pleasant to eat.
A simple, but authentic primer on how to
prepare your favorite Mexican food. In-
cluded are table decorating ideas and
holidays. Hardcover, $1.95.

ESTAFIATE THE FOOD AND DRINK


This plant is commonly regarded as OF MEXICO
a prolific, useless dooryard weed. How- By George C. Booth
ever, Estafiate tea has a soothing effect A collection of authentic recipes from many
regions of Mexico with fascinating anec-
on nerves and is widely taken by preg-
dotes about how each recipe originated.
nant women to alleviate morning sick- Hardcover, $5.95.
ness. A strong, cooked solution of Esta-
fiate tea is also given as a drench to Send for Free Catalog of our
Recommended Books
horses in the treatment of worms.
Magazine Bookshop
PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA 92260
r.i
Include 25c for postage and handling.
California Residents add 4 % sales tax.

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 35


HOW TO PLACE YOUR AD
Mail your copy and first-insertion remit-
tance to: Trading Post, Desert Magazine,
Palm Desert, California 92260
Classified rates are 25c per word, $5
CLASSIFIEDS minimum per insertion.

BOOKS - MAGAZINES BOOKS - MAGAZINES • EQUIPMENT - SUPPLIES


OUT-OF-PRINT books at lowest prices! You "CALIFORNIA GOLDEN Treasures," by Peters, KEEP WARM. Gerry down insulated clothing
name it—we find it! Western Americana, 160pp reprint rare finds Mother Lode coun- gives warmth without weight. Free catalog.
desert and Indian books a specialty. Send try, hundred years ago, $3.00. "Old Mines Gerry, Dept. 90, Boulder, Colorado 80301.
us your wants. No obligation. International of Southern California," by Storms, 96pp re- DESERT WEAR—warm or cool. Boots, casuals,
Bookfinders, Box 3003-D, Beverly Hills, Calif. print detailing old mines in Desert, mountain, hats, deerskins. Rockhounds' Paradise—In-
coastal areas, including Calico, Salton Sea, formation Center. "Big Horn," 4034 Paradise
"OVERLOOKED FORTUNES" in minerals and gem
Colorado River, all Southern Counties; where
stones,- here are a few of the 300 or more Road at Flamingo, Las Vegas, Nevada.
they lay, what they produced, etc., $2.50.
you may be overlooking: uranium, vanadium,
"Old Mines of California and Nevada,"
tin, tungsten, columbium, tantalum, nickel,
includes California areas and every county • FOR WOMEN
cobalt, gold, silver, platinum, iridium, beryl-
Nevada, reprinted from rare hundred-year-
lium, emeralds, etc. Some worth $1 to $2 a
old documentary, with many diagrams, LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifier."
pound, others $25 to $200 per ounce; an
stopes, lodes, tunnels; where and what they Complete beauty treatment in one jar. Write:
emerald the size of your thumb may be
produced, $2.50. While publisher remainder Lola Barnes, 963 North Oakland, Pasadena,
worth $1000 or more; learn how to find,
lasts, all three books, $7.00 postpaid. Fron- California 91104.
identify and cash in on them. New simple
tier Books, Toyahvale, Texas 79786.
system. Send for free copy "Overlooked For- $4800 GROSS yearly possible. Home typing.
tunes in Minerals,'1 it may lead to knowledge READ "BURIED Treasure and Lost Mines" by Instruction manual, $ 1 . Home Secretary, Box
which may make you rich! Duke's Research Frank Fish, 93 bonafide locations, photos and 22038-DM, Indianapolis, Indiana.
Laboratory, Box 666-B, Truth or Consequences illustrations. Research done by Fish, treasure
New Mexico 87901.
hunter who made it pay. Large 19x24" color-
LEARN ABOUT gems from Handbook of Gems ed map, pinpointing book locations. Book • GEMS
ad Gemology. Written especially for ama- $1.50, map $1.50. Special: both $2.50 post-
RIVERSIDE, CALIFORNIA. We have everything
teur, cutter, collector. Tells how to identify paid. Publisher: Erie Schaefer, 14728 Peyton
for the rock hound, pebble pups, interesting
gems. $3 plus tax. Gemac Corporation, Box Drive, Chino, California.
gifts for those who are not rock hounds.
808J, Mentone, California. MEXICO'S GEMS and minerals, a guide to lo- Minerals, slabs, rough materials, lapidary
"SUN-COLORED GLASS, It's Lure and Lore," calities, mines,- maps, directions, contacts. supplies, mountings, equipment, black lights.
50 pages, illustrated, $2.75 postpaid. Mary English-Spanish glossary, too. Gemac, Box Why not stop and browse? Shamrock Rock
J. Zimmerman, Dept. D., Box 2641, Amarillo, 808J, Mentone, California. Shop, 593 West La Cadena Drive, Riverside,
Texas. Calif. OVerland 6-3956.
"OLD BOTTLES and Ghost Towns," 400 bottles
LOST MINES and Buried Treasures of California, sketched, ghost town trips, research. $2.15 POCKET GOLD, $2. Placer gold, $2. Gold dust,
1964 edition; 160 locations, $2.50. R. A. postpaid. Adele Reed, 272 Shepord Lane, $ 1 . Attractively displayed. Postpaid. Money-
Pierce, P.O. Box 3034, Berkeley 5, California. Bishop, Calif. 93514. back guarantee. Lester Lea, Box 1125D, Mt.
"THE BOTTLE Trail" volumes one through five, Shasta, California.
WANTED: OLD books, clippings, maps, photos,
pioneer bottle histories, $1.65 each prepaid.
circulars, magazine articles, posters news- APACHE TEARS or snakeskin agates (rough) %
May Jones, Box 23, Nara Visa, New Mexico
papers, etc. of Death Valley, Rhyolite, Skidoo, pound 35c postpaid. Two free lists, Gem
88430.
Bullfrog, Harrisburg, Panamint City, Gold- Rough or Mineral Specimens. Quality guar-
GHOST TOWN GUIDE: Complete guide to over field, Goldpoint. Send list, full description, anteed. The Vellor Co., P. O. Box 2344(D|,
100 ghost towns in California, only $1.95. and asking price. Lloyd Cooper, 2520 Chicago St. Louis, Mo. 6314.
W. Abbott, 153 West Romneya Drive, Ana- St., San Diego, California. 92110.
heim, California. CHOICE MINERAL specimens, gems, cutting ma-
terial, machinery, lapidary and jewelers sup-
NEVADA TREASURE Hunters Ghost Town Guide. • DESERT STATIONERY plies, mountings, fluorescent lamps, books.
Large folded maps. 800 place name glossary. Sumner's, 21108 Devonshire, Charsworth, Cal.
Railroads, towns, camps, camel trail. $1.50. DESERT WILDLIFE, Flowers, Scenics living-color
Theron Fox, 1296-C Yosemite, San Jose 26, notes, 59 varieties $5.90. Dozen assorted
$1.50. Illustrated brochure. Artist Henry
California.
Mockel, Box 726, Twentynine Palms, Calif. • HOME STUDY
BOOK HUNTING is our business, service is our
LEARN OIL painting by mail. Also casein or
product. No charge for search. Satisfaction acrylic. Amateur, advanced. Easy, fascinating,
guaranteed. D-J Book Search Service, P. O. • DUDE-GUEST RANCHES
naturalistic. Easy Payments. Art, Box 486,
Box 3352-D, San Bernardino, Calif. 92404. DESERT HILLS Guest Ranch, Lucerne Valley, Cali- Montrose, Colorado.
"1200 BOTTLES PRICED1'—well illustrated, com- fornia. Housekeeping cottages, single units
olete description, covers entire field, 164 with bath, meals available, beautiful view,
pages, by J. C. Tibbitts, first president of heated pool, quiet, ideal for honeymooners, • INDIAN GOODS
Antique Bottle Collectors Association and edi- writers, artists, etc. Write for brochure. Joe
tor of the "Pontil," $4.25 post paid. The and Janice Horst, owners, P. O. Box 444, CATALOG NO. 17, over 73 pages, 2000
Little Glass Shack, 3161-8 56th St., Sacra- Lucerne Valley, California. CH 8-7444. sketches, etc., $1.25. Refunded on first order
mento, Calif. 95820. of over $5. Many baskets, arrowheads, In-
C-BAR-H GUEST Ranch—Rest or Play—a real dian beads, California shell wampum neck-
ORIGINAL "GHOST Town Bottle Price Guide" western holiday. American plan includes laces, over 550 pre-Columbian figurines age
30 page, 5th edition revised. Bottle sketches, three delicious meals each day, horseback 500 A.D. to 1500 B.C., 29 cultures, authen-
photos, color plate, current values, $2.25 riding, comfortable cottages, swimming pool, tic. H. M. Worcester, 1229-B DM University
postpaid. Discount to dealers. Wes Bressie, ranch lodge activities, hay rides, sports Ave., Berkeley, California 94702.
Rt. 1, Box 582, Eagle Point, Oregon. galore. P.O. Box 373D, Lucerne Valley, Calif.
ARIZONA TREASURE~Hunters Ghost Town Guided Area Code 714, CH 8-7666. FINE RESERVATION-MADE Navajo, Zuni, Hopi
large folded map 1881, small early map, jewelry. Old pawn. Many fine old baskets,
1200 place name glossary, mines, camps, moderately priced, in excellent condition
Indian reservations, etc. $1.50. Theron Fox, • EQUIPMENT-SUPPLIES Navajo rugs, Yei blankets, Chimayo blankets,
1296-E Yosemite, San Jose, California. QUALITY CAMPING and mountaineering equip- pottery. A collectors paradise! Open daily
"GEMS & Minerals Magazine," largest rock ment. Down sleeping bags, lightweight tents, 10 to 5:30, closed Mondays. Buffalo Trading
hobby monthly. Field trips, " h o w " articles, boots. Free catalog. Highland Outfitters, P.O. Post, Highway 18, Apple Valley, California.
pictures, ads. $4 year. Sample 25c. Box 687J Box 121, Riverside, California. AUTHENTIC INDIAN jewelry, Navajo rugs, Chi-
Mentone, California. BACKPACKERS: ATTENTION! Free information. mayo blankets, squaw boots. Collector's
WANTED: ARIZONA Highways magazines 1925 Famous Kelty Pack also backpackers checklist. items. Closed Tuesdays. Pow-Wow Indian
ro 1933. Write giving prices to W. Elmer, Write Kelty Dept. 02—1807 Victory Blvd., Trading Post, 19967 Ventura Blvd., East
P.O. Box 875, Scottsdale, Arizona. Glendale, Calif. 91201. Woodland Hills, Calif. Open Sundays.

36 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


mm GOODS I REAL ESTATE TRWIM mm
SELLING 20,000 Indian relics. 100 nice ancient FOR INFORMATION on desert acreage and par- POWERFUL METROTECH locators detect gold, sil-
arrowheads $25. Indian skull $25. List free. cels for sale in or near Twentynine Palms, ver, coins, relics. Moneyback guarantee. Terms
Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas. please write to or visit: Silas S. Stanley, free information. Underground Explorations,
Realtor, 73644 Twentynine Palms Highway, Dept. 3A, Bax 793, Menlo Park, California.
ALLIGATOR-GAR ARROWHEADS, Florida. Rare in
collections, 10-$ 1.00. Flint arrowhead-mak- Twentynine Palms, California. NEW TRANSISTOR instrument detects buried
ing secret, ancient, illustrated methods. ROGUE RIVER Valley, Oregon ranch sites near coins, firearms, treasures, gold, silver. $19.95,
Guaranteed. $ 1 . Circulars, 25c. Blackhawk, Grants Pass and Medford, 5 to 40 acres low up. Free catalog. Relco A-18, Box 10563,
Umatilla 7, Oregon. at $150 down and $35 monthly. Free catalog. Houston 1 8, Texas.
NAVAJO RUGS from the great Four Corners Cal-Ore Ranches, 1054-DX South Riverside,
area. One of the finest stocks in America. Medford, Oregon. • MISCELLANEOUS
Inspect in your own home, no obligation. 400,000,000 ACRES government public land in
Plan now for Christmas giving. Write stating 25 states. Some low as $1.00 per acre. 1965 GHOST TOWN items: Sun-colored glass, ame-
approximate size, type, price range and bank report. Send $1.00, National Land, 422DM thyst to royal purple; ghost railroads ma-
reference. Rugs will be shipped for your Washington Bldg. Washington, D.C. terials, tickets; limited odd items from camps
inspection and selection. Contact Jackson of the '60s. Write your interest—Box 64-D,
Clark, Jackson David Bottling Co., Box 717, Smith, Nevada.
Durango, Colorado for details. • TREASURE FINDERS FREE BROCHURE of quality gifts for that special
FIND LOST or hidden treasures with new tran- occasion. Excellent selection of unusual
• MAPS sistor metal detector, underwater metal de- Christmas ideas. Lay's, Box 576-H, Vienna,
tectors, scintillation counters, etc. Free litera- Ohio.
SECTIONIZED COUNTY maps — San Bernardino ture. Gardiner Electronics, Dept. 5 1 , 4729
$3; Riverside $ 1 ; Imperial, small $ 1 , large TASTY CAMP Out recipes, easily prepared and
North 7th Ave., Phoenix, Arizona. economical too. $1.00. Rose Mary, Box
$2; San Diego $1.25; Inyo $2.50; Kern $1.25,
other California counties $1.25 each. Nevada FUN & PROFIT finding buried treasure, relics 817, Project City, California.
counties $1 each. Include 4 percent sales tax. with transistor M-Scope. Known worldwide
Topographic maps of all mapped western for supersensitivity, dependability. Guaran-
areas. Westwide Maps Co., 114 West Third teed. Very easy terms. Send for free litera-
Street, Los Angeles 13, California. ture, fascinating user experiences. Fisher Re-
search, Dept. JZ, Palo Alto, Calif.
Order FREE Catalogue
TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS, Western states. Stamp
appreciated for each state index and book FINEST TRANSISTOR metal locators, $34.95. to
list for the outdoorsmen. Jacobsen Suppliers, $275. Find coins, souvenirs, treasure. Informa- DESERT MAGAZINE
9322 California Avenue, South Gate, Calif. tive folder, "Metal Locating Kinks, " 25c. BOOK STORE
IGWTD, Williamsburg, New Mexico.
DISCOVER BURIED loot, gold, silver, coins, battle-
Palm Desert, California 92260
• MEXICAN AUTO INSURANCE
field and ghost town relics, with most power-
GET INSURANCE in Mexico's largest casualty ful, sensitive transistorized metal detectors
company through Sanborn's—by mail or at Since 1937 The World's Largest
available. Two Year Warranty. Free literature.
affiliated service offices in El Centro, Yuma, Goldak, Dept. DM, 1544 W. Glenoaks, Glen- Selection of Books on The West
Nogales, El Paso. Write for daily insurance dale, California 91201.
rates—and ask for free Mexico Travel-Aid
packet, very helpful in planning your Mexico
motor trip. Sanborn's, McAllen, Texas 78502.

•^MINING
ASSAYS. COMPLETE, accurate, guaranteed. High-
est quality spectrographic. Only $5.00 per
sample. Reed Engineering, 620-R So. Ingle-
wood Ave., Inglewood, California.
THE PROSPECTORS Club Newsletter: Where the
amateur and professional meet. A new con-
cept in treasure-hunting information. Active
international membership. Write for free liter-
ature and sample copy to The Prospectors
Club, P.O. Box 729, Odessa, Texas.

• OLD COINS, STAMPS


DOLLARS—1878 CC Mint $3.50, very good.
1878-79-80-81-82 S. Mint, 1883-84-85-99-
1900-01-04 O Mint uncirculated $3 each.
100 page catalog, Coins, 50c. Schultz, Salt
Lake City, Utah 84110.

• PHOTO SUPPLIES
CUSTOM"FILM finishing by mail since 1932.
Morgan Camera Shop "The complete photo-
graphic store," 6262 Sunset Blvd., Holly-
wood, California 90028.

• PLANTS, SEEDS
LIVE MADAGASCAR magic air plants mailed
anywhere, 3 for 65c. Visit us for the greater
desert natives put up in new mode 2-gallon
containers for rugged root system, speed
growth and safety when planting. Wholesale
and retail. Rancho Environmental Nursery,
71554 Samarkand Drive, Twentynine Palms,
Calif. 92277.

• REAL ESTATE
ARIZONA, LARGE level lot. Water, power, oiled
streets, $495 complete, $10 down, 10 month, 1 UMD6K£TAND we've GIVEN
no interest. Free pictures, map. Write: Box
486, Kingman, Arizona 86401. MILLION! K\o //

November, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 37


RlUc! FROM A U S T R A L I A

OPALS and SAPPHIRES


This Month's Best Buy
MINE RUN SAPPHIRES
Blue, Green, Parti-colours, Black Stars
Blue Cabochons
Mixed Lot Ungraded 1 Whole Pound
$10.00 Free Seamail

Send personal cheque, international money Letters requesting answers must include stamped self-addressed envelope
order, bank draft. Free 16 page list of all
Australian Gemstones.
Australian Gem Trading Co.
294 Little Collins Street Hornitos Bound! To The Man Who Found
MELBOURNE, C.I. AUSTRALIA To the Editor: I enjoyed the numerous inter- Pegleg's Gold
esting articles of places to go, in the August/
September issue. There are doubtless many From the Editor: Because we imagine you
"The BONANZA DESERT readers who have no idea where the have an academic interest in reader response
ghost town of Hornitos is located. The best to your claim to have found Pegleg's Black
Metal Detector Kits" Gold, we'll bring you up to date. Letters are
way to get there is to go first to Merced
America's biggest and (Calif.) on Hwy. 99, then north about 19 miles still arriving in great quantity, but the remarks
lowest priced line of and questions are ones already answered or of
to Snelling, thence to Merced Falls (6 miles) too little general interest to give space to on
fully guaranteed Detector Kits.
Will react to all kinds of metal
and seven more miles to Hornitos, as shown this page. We feel guilty about you doing all
objects including gold, copper, on a road map. One of the noteworthy features the giving and us doing all the taking and
silver, lead, guns, cannon balls, etc. of Hornitos is the escape tunnel which was hesitate to run letters requesting answers be-
used by the bandit, Joaquin Murietta. This cause it is tantamount to asking for more
Free literature, budget terms, tunnel ran from a saloon on one side of the nuggets. You have proven your point, in this
trade - in accepted. road to a dance hall on the other side. The regard, and if you use the same typewriter,
last time I was there one opening of this tunnel or identify the postmark on your previous
BONANZA ELECTRONICS was still to be seen and it was plainly marked letter, we can judge the validity of your letters
P. O. Box 246, Dept. DM by a sign. Also, there was an interesting old from that.
Sweet Home, Oregon general store which has been in continuous Because the negative letters or the ones
operation since the early days. with ridiculous requests stimulate controversy,
CLAYTON I. KANAGY, we have probably given you an inaccurate over-

AUTHORS!
If you have completed a book-length manu-
script, you may be interested in our special
Sturdy Steed!
West Los Angeles, California

To the Editor: In a letter titled "Expert


all impression by printing a majority of them.
Actually, by far, the majority of our readers
wish you well, praise your astuteness, and are
(like Mr. Derfus wrote in the October issue)
with you 101%.
publishing plan. Under this program, many opinion on Pegleg's Gold" (DESERT Maga- We, personally, are somewhat concerned
lawyers, executives, teachers, scholars and
even housewives have seen their work pub- zine, August-September), Harry J. Phillips about you, however—especially when several
lished, promoted and marketed on a digni- writes: "It is a matter of record that 'Nigger months pass by without a letter—and hope
fied, professional basis. All subjects con- Jim' rode into San Bernardino County and you will let us know that you haven't been
sidered — non-fiction, fiction, poetry, etc. bonged over the head for your gold, or some-
Send for our free 40-page illustrated bro- sold $40,000 worth of black gold from his
chure today. Ask for Booklet, D. saddle bags." thing. We haven't heard from you since the
I wonder if Mr. Phillips would also be good letter which appeared in the Aug./Sept. issue.
VANTAGE PRESS, INC.
enough to tell us if it is also a matter of record The nuggets are on display at the new home
120 W. 31st St.. New York 1, N.Y. what size horse "Nigger Jim" rode and where of DESERT Magazine, with the exception of
In Calif.: 0253 Hollywood Blvd., L.A. the one photographed in the May issue. That
In Wash., D.C.: 1010 Vermont Ave., N.W. he acquired such sturdy saddle bags. With gold
priced at $20 per Troy ounce (as it was prior one is in the bank vault to preserve for
to 1934), $40,000 worth of pure, smelted, DESERT readers in the event we should have

Metal Detectors
BOUGHT — SOLD — TRADED
24 carat fine gold would weigh 166 lbs. If an earthquake or some such thing and the
the nuggets were of the usual purity, say 80%, others should disappear. C.P.
then "Nigger Jim's" poor steed was toting 208
pounds of metal, plus any associated gangue
Dealer For minerals. Adding to this the weight of the DESERT'S The Answer
Detectron, Fisher, Goldak, saddle and rider, the total burden would be
approximately 400 pounds. It may be that To the Editor: The August-September issue
Rayscope, GeoFinder, Metrotech "Nigger Jim" had for his mount a Percheron was superb—so accurate I didn't need to write
Repair Service or a Clydesdale, but if he rode an ordinary in my diary about our trip to Bodie. Your
Write for FREE 32-Page Booklet
Western pony he could not have traveled far magazine is the answer to many of my gift
through the sands of the Mohave desert. problems, both in the West as well as the
on Detectors, Books and Maps
ROBERT W. BLAIR, M.D., East.
BILL'S SERVICE CENTER Los Angeles
Editor's Note: DESERTs typesetter thinks big!
JANE CUNNINGHAM,
15502 So. Paramount Blvd. Gosta Mesa, California.
It should have been $4,000. C.P.
Paramount California

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311 / Desert Magazine / November, 1965


collectors Item! Boosters
To the Editor: Due to the publicity that the To the Editor: We look forward to DESERT
discovery of the Pegleg Mine has aroused, I
wonder if it would be possible for me to pur-
anxiously each month—never knowing what
to expect, and always pleasantly surprised. Of
FOR SALE
chase a nugget or so of this stock of gold that all the publications we subscribe to—and there
the anonymous discoverer has sent to you. are a great number—this one is the most stimu-
I would appreciate having a specimen or two
in my collection.
J. M. YATES,
lating. You have taught us to respect a part of
the country that is really quite foreign to us.
With chagrin, we learned that your southwest
was colonized by whitemen before our Ply-
Complete
Montreal, P.Q., Canada. mouth Rock. Somehow, back here, we were not
Editor's Note: As we stated in a preface to
one of the Pegleg letters, we are not tn the
business of buying or selling gold nuggets, nor
conscious of the inroads made by Spanish mis-
sionaries into country that is now part of the
U. S.
Volkswagen
are we interested in acting as agents for such
We have never been out West, but it is a
transactions. Nor are we agreeable to loaning
the nuggets for various experiments, in regard
to other requests. C.P.
family project scheduled for next summer. For
the two years we have received DESERT—as
a Christmas gift sent by a relative in Arizona,
Camper
we have saved each copy in your binders and
with them we are planning our trip.
Wot Hoppened? ALLEN WHITEHOUSE, DESERT Magazine's 1964 Volkswagen
Cambridge, Mass. Camper completely equipped including
To the Editor: We were near the area of your
Glass Mountain story in the Aug.-Sept. issue, air conditioning. Interior by E-Z Camper
so thought we'd hop over and take a look. Tip Re Toes
However, the map and article do not jibe. includes ice box, table, folding seats
Wot hoppened? To the Editor: DESERT Magazine continues to
making bed for two, cabinets, cabana,
ruin my life, by making me want to be off on
VERN FARNSWORTH, every trip—and I thank you for every issue. 10-gal[on water system, plywood inter-
Los Angeles, Calif. In regard to the six-toed petroglypth article
Editor's Note: This is wot hoppened. There in your June issue, it might interest readers to iors. In excellent condition. Full price
are two glass mountains and we had two know that among my Supai Indian friends it only $2950. Contact Jack Pepper,
maps in the file and your editor, who often is not unusual for them to have six toes. Also
doesn't know where she's going, used the years ago most of the older women had one Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California.
wrong map with the right story. So, follow or two finger joints missing and we were Telephone Area Code 714-346-8144.
either the story direction, or the map direct- told that it was their custom when someone
ions, whichever is closest to where you are, close to them died to cut off a joint or two,
and you'll eventually arrive at "d' glass and to knock out a tooth or two also.
mountain. C.P. SOPHIE BURDEN,
Wickenburg, Arizona.

Desert Honor
STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP
Sank (J/ausf
To the Editor: Upon a recent trip to the desert
Statement of ownership, management and cir- WITH A SUBSCRIPTION TO
I decided to take along some of my bottles and
leave them in a remote place to turn purple culation (Act of October 23, 1962: Section 4369,
in the sun. Hoping no one would take them, Title 39, United States Code).
I wrapped this little plea in tin foil and placed 1. Date of filing: October 1, 1965.
it in one of them. I don't know if I'll be lucky 2. Title of publication. DESERT Magazine. FOR
enough to get them back, but it was worth a 3. Frequency of issue: Monthly.
a try. 4. Location of known office of publication:
Palm Desert, Calif. 92260.
"Desert Honor" 5. Location of the headquarters or general
Only the magic of the desert Suns, business offices of the publishers: Palm Desert,
Can change these bottles to purple ones, California. 92260.
6. Names and addresses of publisher and
CALIFORNIA
I'll place them here, and then I must
Rely on "Desert Honor" with my trust,
Please pass them by, and leave them here,
editor: Publisher: Jack Pepper, 45-805 Cielito
Drive, Palm Desert, Calif.
Editor: Choral Pepper, 45-805 Cielito Drive,
GHOST TOWN GUIDE
New guide to over 100 California ghost towns
For I will return within the year, Palm Desert, Calif. Unique and authentic guide to over 100
If temptation is too great, 7. Owner Jack Pepper dba DESERT Magazine. ghost towns in California's deserts and moun-
Please take one, let others wait. tains with complete directions on how to
8. Bondholders, mortgagers, security holders: reach them. Shows you the way to little-
My thanks to you, for being kind None. known and intrigue-filled towns that provide
Leaving these bottles for me to find. 9. Re No. 8: None. hours of interest for those seeking buried
treasures, old guns, western relics, purple
Leave your name and address too, 10. Average over 12 month period of issues bottles aged by the sun, and antique objects.
I'll even write you a line or two. from November, 1964 to October, 1965: 44,454 Satisfaction guaranteed or money back.
copies printed, 22,485 paid circulation, 20,969
NELLIE BUSCH, mail subscriptions, 43,454 total paid circula-
Order Now! Only $1.95
Newbury Park, California. tion, 500 free distribution, 43,954 total dis- A. L. ABBOTT
tribution, 500 office use, spoiled, etc. Dept. D - l l l
1513 West Roinneya Drive — Annheim, Calif.

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'LITERATURE Box 2151-D, Prescott, Arizona 86301
BOX 3 7 , LAKEWOOD, CALIFORNIA
3all Special . . .
on exciting, back
All TEN Issues for only $2.00
To make room on the shelves for fall inventory we are making this special
offer which is good only as long as they last. Not only do they contain the sub-
ject matter listed below but are also filled w i t h other exciting articles and
stories on the West.

DEVIL'S CANYON OF BAJA, Aug. '55. EXPLORING ANZA/BORREGO UNKNOWN CANYON, Sept. '56.
YAQUI INDIAN COLONY, Apr. '60. NELL MURBARGER IN NEW MEXICO'S BACK COUNTRY, July '57.
ADVENTURES IN CAVING, Feb. '62. NELL MURBARGER TOURS MEXICO IN CAMPER, Oct. ' 6 1 .

SALTON SEA'S GHOST ISLAND, July '62. LOST JESUIT MINE WITH IRON DOOR, Oct. '56.

LOST JESUIT TREASURE, Aug. '62. LOST GOLD LEDGE OF PICAHCO, Dec. '58.

SfiectaU
Handsome Brown
1959 1964
VOLUME VINYL VOLUME
BINDER
12 ISSUES Holds 12 Issues
12 ISSUES

2.00 3-50 3-50

WHEN IN PALM DESERT BE SURE AND VISIT OUR BOOK AND GIFT SHOP IN THE NEW HOME OF
DESERT MAGAZINE. CORNER OF LARREA AND LANTANA, JUST ONE BLOCK FROM OLD LOCATION.
LOOK FOR THE ORANGE FRONT.

Mail all orders to: Dept. FID, Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. 92260
Personal Check or postal order must accompany all orders. Be sure to include your complete mailing address.