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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

5.11 Unit Heaters


Contents

Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 674
Unit Heaters type VMA . . . . . . . . . . 675
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Water Resistances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 677
Capacities Boiler Water at 60/50C . . . . . 678
Capacities Boiler Water at 70/50C and 80/
60C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 678
Temperature Control and Frost Protection . 679
Sound Conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 679

Regulation of Single-phase Motors 680


Automatic continuously thermostat NV515 . 680

Regulation of Three-phase Motors 681


Unit Heaters type VLE . . . . . . . . . . 682
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682
Dimension Sketches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683

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MU 14387 0710

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Introduction
Unit heaters integrated units of heating coil and
fan are primarily designed for heating of large
rooms by means of hot air. This heating method
has a number of advantages as far as space, operation and economy is concerned.
The unit heaters are easily mounted on bulkheads or below decks, take up little space and
can be located to suit the arrangement of the
room.
The hot air supplied is quickly mixed with the

Unit Heater Type VMA

air in the room creating a circulating air


stream, which distributes the heat to all parts

The unit heaters are available in type VMA for

of the room. This makes it possible to com-

boiler water, and type VLE for electrical power.

mence heating only a short time before the


room is put into use. This method provides an

Unit heaters type VMA for boiler water are availa-

economical heating system for rooms, which

ble in 5 sizes all with heating coils. The number

are not in constant use.

of pipe rows in the heating coils is either 2 or 3.

The application of the unit heaters represents a


most flexible heating and ventilating system,

The largest VMA unit heater, the VMA-8, is also


available with 4 pipe rows.

which can be changed and extended concurrently with rebuilding.


Furthermore, the system offers the possibility
of individual operation with varying heating
and ventilating requirements.
For these reasons the unit heaters form the ideal
heating system for machinery and store rooms
with large deck heights.
Unit Heater Type VLE

Unit heater types VLE for electrical power are


available in 3 sizes. The capacity of the heating
coils are 3 36 kW. Power supply and capacity are
according to requirements.

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Introduction

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Unit Heaters type VMA

Accessories for mixing and air distribution are of


Sendzimir galvanised sheet steel with external

Unit heaters type VMA use axial flow fans in com-

powder coating.

bination with heating coils for air heating. Boiler

Return and fresh air ducts are of galvanised sheet

water acts as heating medium.

steel.
Fresh air hoods are of stainless sheet steel.

Overview

Classifications

Application

The VMA meets the requirements for operation in

For heating of machinery and storerooms on-

unheated, low-corrosive environments according

board ships.

to DS/EN ISO 12944-2 and corrosion category C3.

Range

Operation Data

The VMA is manufactured in 5 sizes with airflow

The heating coils are designed for 10 bar working

from 0.2 to 2.2 m3/s and heating capacities from 3

pressure and have been tested at 20 bar.

to 128 kW.

Maximum working temperature is 110 C.


The airflow rates are indicated as volume flows

Construction System

(qV) in m3/s with density () 1.20 kg/m3.

The basic unit is of compact construction incorpo-

Heating capacities are stated in kW.

rating a motor, axial flow fan and heating coil in a


Delivery Contents and Accessories

joint cabinet.
The outlet of the basic unit is provided with air
distribution accessories for varying air patterns.
Accessories are also available for the inlet side for
mixing fresh air and return air in several variants,
plus filters.

All units include fittings, a drill jig, installation


and maintenance instructions and installation
screws for the air distribution accessories.
Mounting angles for joint mounting of the mixing
housing and basic unit are supplied with mixing
housings.

Mounting
The VMA range of unit heaters can be mounted
both horizontally and vertically.

Available accessories include the following.


Multi-stage switches for fan
Thermostats

Materials and Surface Treatment


The motor and axial flow fan form an integrated
part of the unit.
Fans and motors have plate blades of aluminium

Fan mount/
guard net

Front louvres
or other accessory

Motor/fan

Heating coil

Mounting
brackets

Cabinet

or steel.
Heating coils have copper pipes with aluminium
fins.
Cabinets are of Sendzimir galvanised sheet steel
with external powder coating and internal priming.

Unit Heater type VMA

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Unit Heaters type VMA

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Dimensions

5/4" RG

Dimension sketch type VMA


A
VMA-42
VMA-43
VMA-52
VMA-53
VMA-62
VMA-63
VMA-72
VMA-73

460

200

352.5

164

560

225

452.5

164

660

250

552.5

170

760

275

652.5

180

VMA-82
VMA-83

860

300

752.5

VMA-84

57
57
57
57

150

107

30
36
40
45

607

50
50

27

507

50

164

20

407

50

57

18

307

50

164

Weight [kg]

50
54

707

60
67

Water Resistances
50

2,50
0,55

40

0,83

2,23

1,67

1,25

2,25

Water Resistance [kPa]

0,83
0,50
0,69

1,25

0,75

1,67
2,00

1,50

30

2,00

0,75

0,55

1,50
1,00

1,75

0,50
1,00
20

1,25
0,50
0,50
0,50

0,75

1,00
0,75

0,50

0,25
0,25

1,50

1,50

1,00

0,75

0,25

10

1,75

1,25

1,25

1,25

1,00

1,00

0,75

0,50

0,75

0
VMA-42

VMA-43

VMA-52

VMA-53

VMA-62

VMA-63

VMA-72

VMA-73

VMA-82

VMA-83

VMA-84

Water quantity [l/s] for individual fans upper values indicate max. permissible water quantity

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Unit Heaters type VMA

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Motors
Insulation: Class B for VMA-4 and VMA-5;
Class F for VMA-6, VMA-7 and VMA-8
1 x 230 V 50 Hz / 60 Hz
Power

RPM

[kW]

Full load current

Starting current

[A]

Max. [A]

Enclosure

VMA-4 1

0.120

1400 / 1680

0.75

1.0

IP44

VMA-5 1

0.135

1390 / 1668

0.80

1.4

IP44

VMA-6 2

0.410

1320 / 1584

1.90

5.2

IP54

VMA-7 2

0.370

900 / 1080

1.70

7.0

IP54

VMA-8 2

0.520

920 / 1104

2.50

7.0

IP54

1. Built-in thermal protection. Cannot be connected to separate terminals.


2. Built-in thermal protection. Connected to separate terminals in junction box of motor and connected in
series with supply
cable of motor.
3 x 230/400 V 50 Hz / 60 Hz
Power

RPM

[kW]

Full load current

Starting current

[A]

Max. [A]

Enclosure

VMA-4

0.078

1400 / 1680

0.19

0.6

IP44

VMA-5

0.145

1400 / 1680

0.70/0.40

1.15

IP44

Power

RPM

Full load current

Starting current

Enclosure

[A]

Max. [A]

3 x 400 V /Y 50 Hz
[kW]
VMA-6

0.43/0.33

1370/1070

0.86/0.58

3.10/1.80

IP54

VMA-7

0.39/0.20

860/500

0.84/0.44

1.85/0.62

IP54

VMA-8

0.42/0.27

870/670

0.89/0.51

3.11/1.00

IP54

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Unit Heaters type VMA

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Products

Capacities Boiler Water at 60/50C


T1/T2 = Water 60/50C
Air

t1C = -12C

t1C = 0C

t1C = 18C

RPM

[m3/s]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

VMA-42

1400

0.49

16.5

17.1

23.1

13.8

33.0

[kW]
9.0

VMA-43

1400

0.40

29.6

20.3

34.0

16.6

40.5

11.0

VMA-52

1400

0.79

17.0

27.9

23.5

22.7

33.4

14.9

VMA-53

1400

0.71

28.3

34.9

32.9

28.5

39.8

18.9

VMA-62

1400

1.23

16.5

42.8

23.2

34.8

33.3

22.9

VMA-63

1400

1.12

27.2

53.6

32.0

43.7

39.2

29.0

VMA-72

900

1.82

15.5

61.1

22.4

49.7

32.7

32.6

VMA-73

900

1.65

22.5

69.4

28.1

56.6

36.6

37.4

VMA-82

900

2.21

16.4

76.7

23.1

62.4

33.2

41.0

VMA-83

900

2.00

27.4

96.2

32.2

78.6

39.3

52.0

VMA-84

900

1.76

36.8

104.9

40.0

85.9

44.7

57.4

Capacities Boiler Water at 70/50C and 80/60C


T1/T2 = Water 70/50C

T1/T2 = Water 80/60C

Air

t1C = -12C

t1C = 0C

t1C = 18C

t1C = -12C

t1C = 0C

t1C = 18C

RPM

[m3/s]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

[kW]

t2 [C]

VMA-42

1400

0.49

17.4

17.6

24.0

14.3

33.9

9.5

22.2

20.4

28.8

17.2

38.6

[kW]
12.3

VMA-43

1400

0.40

31.8

21.4

36.2

17.7

42.6

12.0

38.5

24.7

42.8

20.9

49.3

15.3

VMA-52

1400

0.79

18.0

29.0

24.6

23.8

34.5

15.9

22.8

33.6

29.4

28.3

39.3

20.5
26.3

VMA-53

1400

0.71

30.5

36.8

35.1

30.4

41.9

20.7

36.9

42.4

41.5

36.0

48.3

VMA-62

1400

1.23

17.7

44.7

24.4

36.7

34.5

24.7

22.4

51.6

29.1

43.6

39.1

31.7

VMA-63

1400

1.12

29.3

56.4

34.0

46.5

41.1

31.6

35.6

65.0

40.3

55.1

47.4

40.3

VMA-72

900

1.82

16.6

63.6

23.5

52.2

33.8

35.0

21.1

73.6

28.0

62.2

38.3

45.0
52.0

VMA-73

900

1.65

24.2

72.9

29.8

60.1

38.2

40.8

29.7

84.1

35.4

71.3

43.8

VMA-82

900

2.21

17.6

79.9

24.3

65.6

34.3

44.1

22.3

92.4

29.0

78.1

39.0

56.6

VMA-83

900

2.00

29.5

101.4

34.3

83.7

41.3

56.9

35.9

116.8

40.6

99.1

47.6

72.4

VMA-84

900

1.76

40.1

111.9

43.2

92.8

47.8

64.0

47.7

128.4

50.9

109.3

55.5

80.6

P
T1
T2
t1
t2

=
=
=
=
=

T = 10 C
Water quantity, QV [l/s]= P/42

Heat output, [kW]


Inlet temperature, water
Outlet temperature, water
Inlet temperature, air
Outlet temperature, air

T = 20 C
Water quantity, QV [l/s]= P/84

See also section Water Resistances on page 674.

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Temperature Control and Frost Protection

Sound Conditions

The heat emission of the units can be controlled in

called the sound power level. It expresses the

several ways:

The sound emitted by a unit heater in operation is


amount of energy in the sound. It depends mainly

By starting and stopping the fan.


Control of the air quantity by changing the
speed of the fan.
By controlling the water quantity either by
means of manually operated control valve or
by means of an automatically controlled valve.
By controlling the water temperature.

on the fan output. See chapter 2.2 Sound on


page 33 for more about sound and sound power
levels in particular.
The following table indicates the sound power
level of the unit heaters at different speeds, divided into octave bands, and the sound pressure

In installations where the inlet temperature of the


air can be below 0 C, frost protection of the heating coil will be necessary.
Considering the comfort of the room, as well as
the operating economy, it is recommended that
heat emission is controlled by means of an automatic control system. The control is done either by

level in the stated conditions.


Sound Data for VMA without Accessories
Sound
power
level
Octave band [Hz]
Total
Type RPM 63 125 250 500 1k 2k 4k 8k [dB]

Sound
pressure
level 1
[dB(A)]

VMA-4 1400 59 73 66 67 65 65 62 53

76

57

VMA-5 1400 63 76 77 70 68 67 64 52

80

61

regulating the fan speed or the water quantity.

VMA-6 1400 72 85 78 73 73 71 67 59

87

64

Frost protection of the system takes place by fit-

VMA-7 900 80 80 77 72 72 68 61 51

85

62

ting a frost thermostat at the heating coil. At tem-

VMA-8 900 88 81 81 75 73 71 67 57

89

65

peratures below the setpoint (usually +5 C) the


cut-out of the frost thermostat must cause stoppage of the fan. At increasing temperature the

1. Sound pressure level at a distance of 5 m,


room of 1500m3, normal reflection, direction
factor Q = 2

frost thermostat will automatically re-activate the


system.
RT
MV
AV

AV

M
AV

AV

= Motor

M = Motor

SV = Shut-off valve

MV = Motor valve

RT

= Room

SV

= Shut-off valve

= Regulator

thermostat
Regulation of air quantity

Regulation of water quantity

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Unit Heaters type VMA

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Regulation of Single-phase Motors

NV515

NV341

VMA

[optional]
Connection example

Single-phased motors are controlled using the

external contact and results in a 5 C temperature

NV515 thermostat. Optionally in combination

drop.

with the NV341 five-stage switch. Adding the


NV341 allows for control of the fan speed and

Internal NTC sensor

thereby the amount of noise generated when the

Optional: Room sensor RF1 (e.g. remote location)

system is in operation.

Optional: Temperature sensor with 1.5 m sensor cable

Automatic continuously thermostat


NV515

Two indicator lamps for operation and regula-

pable of keeping a preset temperature through en-

Optional: Connection of external contact for

tion

The NV515 is a 230 VAC 50-60 Hz thermostat ca-

nighttime temperature lowering

gaging and disengaging of fans in one or more

Maximum load 10 A

unit heaters. Temperature regulation area is from

Hysteresis 1 C

0 - 40 C.

Enclosure IP34

Furthemore, the thermostat has a built-in option


for nighttime lowering, which is activated with an
NV515

Relay output
Max. 16A
(5A transformer)

Ground
230V AC

Neutral
Live

NC

1L

2 N 3 PE

External temperature
override (230 V AC input)

NO

4 NC 5 C 6 NO

7L

8 N

80
120

Fuse 200mA T

9 10
Sensor

X 01

20

X 02

56

Tolerance

40 C
NV515
NTC sensor (22K)

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Regulation of Single-phase Motors

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Five-stage transformers NV341


Switch
Thermoswitch with automatic resetting
Built-in service lamp

Motor

For outside installation


Dim NV341

h [mm]

b [mm]

d [mm]

1.5 A

170

106

100

2.5 A

172

135

105

5.0 A

220

165

120

9.0 A

300

250

180

Brown

Yellow/Green

Light-blue

Black
L1 L2 L3

TK

W2

U2

V2

TK

U1

V1

TK

Cable
Low speed
L1

Regulation of Three-phase Motors

L2

L3

Motor starters and regulation of three phase motors are to be in accordance with specifications.
Speed regulation can be implemented using a
three-phase transformer or frequency converter.

Cable
High speed

L1

L2

L3

Fans VMA-4 and -5


Motors for 230/400 V are supplied connected for
400 V.
For 230 V the wires in the junction box must be
switched over.
The motors are without thermal protection and
must be protected via a protective motor switch.
Fans VMA-6, -7 and 8
Motors for 3x400 V have thermal protection in a
separate cable, which is connected to the control
circuit in a contactor.
Switching between two speeds is done by means
of a /Y-coupling.

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Regulation of Single-phase Motors

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Unit Heaters type VLE

Construction System
The basic unit is a compact construction incorpo-

Unit heaters type VLE incorporate axial flow fans

rating a motor, axial flow fan and heating coil in a

and heating coils for electrical power inclusive of

common cabinet.

automatic control. The units are intended for op-

The outlet of the basic unit is provided with air

eration in aggressive environments, f.x. onboard

cones for varying the air pattern.

ships.
Mounting
The VLE series is for both horizontal and vertical

Overview

mounting.

Application
For heating of machinery and storerooms on-

Materials and Surface Treatment

board ships.

The motor and axial flow fan form an integral part

Range

The blades for sizes 4 and 5 are made of Send-

The VLE is as standard manufactured in 3 sizes

zimir-galvanised sheet steel; for sizes 6, -7 and -8

of the unit.

with air quantities from 0.4 to 1.1 m3/s and heating capacities from 3 to 36 kW. Power supply is
1x230 V, 3 x 400 V or 3 x 440 V. Alternatively, 3 x
690 V is also available on request.
VLE sizes -7 and -8 are available on special request. For the larger sizes heating capacities run
as high as 150 kW.

VLE-5

VLE-6

The fan suspension/wire guard is made of galvanised sheet steel.


Cabinets are of hot-dip galvanised sheet steel.
They can be alternatively be made of stainless
steel 304 and powder coated.
The fan frame, front grille and mounting fixture
are made of galvanised sheet steel.

Heat capa-

Airflow

Noise

Heating elements are of stainless steel AISI 304.

supply [V]

city [kW]

[dB(A)]

Other materials such as stainless steel type AISI

1 x 230

3.0

3 x 440

1.2

3 x 440

2.0

3 x 440

3.0

3 x 440

4.2

3 x 400

5.0

3 x 440

5.0

3 x 440

6.0

3 x 440

8.4

Power

VLE-4

the blades are made of aluminium.

[m /s]

316 and acid-proof steel type Inc. 825 are available


of request.
Automatic Control
0.4

75

The air heaters type VLE are designed for 3-phase


main power supply and equipped with main
switch for manual start/stop of power supply and

3 x 400

9.0

fan running and manual setpoint thermostat. The

3 x 400

10.2

3 x 440

10.0

terminal box in enclosure IP44 is equipped with

3 x 440

12.5

3 x 440

16.5

3 x 440

20.0

3 x 440

22.5

3 x 440

25.0

3 x 440

30.5

3 x 440

36.0

main switch, operation contactor, safety contactor, manual fire thermostat 110 C, automatic
0.7

75

overheating thermostat 30-110 C, setpoint thermostat 0-40 C and control lamp Heat ON.
Enclosures type IP54 is also available on special

1.1

75

request.

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5.11 Unit Heaters

Products

Motors

Classifications

Insulation: Class B

The heaters are produced and assembled in ac-

1 x 230 V 50 Hz

cordance with the IEE Wiring Regulations and

Output [W] RPM Full load current [A] Enclosure


VLE-4

135

1400

0.7

IP44

VLE-5

120

1380

0.7

IP44

VLE-6

410

1320

1.7

IP54

EN60335-1. And can be approved by Germanischer Lloyd.

1 x 230 V 60 Hz
Output [W] RPM Full load current [A] Enclosure
VLE-4

170

1560

0.9

IP44

VLE-5

195

1550

1.0

IP44

VLE-6

570

1450

2.5

IP54

Dimension Sketches
A

Weight [kg] 1
20

VLE-4

457

199

143

56

172.5

VLE-5

557

309

514

44

234.5

30

VLE-6

657

404

614

60.5

268

40

1. Approximate weight depending on actual power.

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Unit Heaters type VLE

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150

Front grille

355

Lighting
(pictogram)

Holes for
wall mounting

25

1 : Label for sensor


2 : Sensor
3 : Thermostat 0 - 40 C
4 : Signal Heat ON
5 : Main switch
6 : Auto thermal cut-out 30 - 110 C
7 : Fire thermal cut-out 110 C

25

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682

Unit Heaters type VLE

1
2
3
4
5
6
7