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Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.

In a study of the use of mobile phones among students, a random sample of 11 students was
examined for a particular week. The total length of calls made by 11 students were as follows.
17 23 35 36 51 53 54 55 60 77 110
(a) Find the median and quartiles for these data.
[3 marks]
(b) A value that is greater than Q3 1.5 Q3 Q1 or smaller than Q1 1.5 Q3 Q1 is defined as
an outlier. Show that 110 is the only outlier.
[2 marks]
(c) Using a graph paper, draw the box-and-whisker plot showing all the information in parts (a)
and (b).
[3 marks]

The table shows the probability of a discrete random variable X.


X

P X x

0.2

0.25

(a) Given that E X 1.55 , find the value of a and b.


(b) Calculate Var X .
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[4 marks]
[3 marks]

The random variable X is assumed to have a probability density function f, where


1

x ,0 x 6
f x 18
0
, otherwise

1 2
b a 2 for 0 a b 6 .
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(b) Calculate the median of X.
(a) Show that P a x b

[4 marks]
[3 marks]

A consumer association intends to study the relationship between rental rate of standard room and
service quality of eight hotels in a city. The data obtained are shown in the table below.
Hotel
Rental rate of a standard
room (RM)
Ranking by quality

190

160

130

150

210

140

180

250

Calculate Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Comment on your answer.

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[5 marks]

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The quarterly sales and the centered moving average for a beauty product over the past three years
are as follows:
Year
1

Quarter
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

Sales
(RM million)
3
2
1
5
7
4
3
14
10
3
5
18

Centered moving average

3.250
4.000
4.500
5.875
7.375
7.625
7.750
8.500

(a) Plot the above data as a time series. Comment on the trend and seasonal components.
[4 marks]
(b) Using a multiplicative model, calculate the seasonal indices for the four quarters. [4 marks]
(c) State the quarter which has the largest seasonal effect.
[1 mark]
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The number of pens x (in thousand) produced by a factory and the total cost of production y (in
thousand RM) for 20 consecutive days are recorded. The results obtained ate summarised as
follows:

x 176.00 , y 400.00 , x

1780.00 ,

8150.00 ,

xy 3700.20 .

(a) Calculate the Pearson correlation coefficient between the number of pens produced and the
total cost. Interpret your answer.
[4 marks]
(b) Find the equation of the least squares regression line of the total cost on the number of pens
produced.
[3 marks]
(c) Estimate the total cost of production y corresponding to 25 000 pens.
[2 marks]

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Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.

The number of luxury cars sold for each quarter y by a company and their coded quarters x for a
duration of four years are shown in the table below.
Year
2005

2006

2007

2008

Quarter
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

Coded quarter (x)


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Number of cars (y)


10
14
11
21
11
16
10
22
14
18
13
22
13
16
9
25

(a) Plot the data as a time series.


[3 marks]
(b) Comment on the pattern of the time series that you have plotted in (a).
[1 mark]
(c) Using an additive model, find the adjusted seasonal variation for each of the four quarters.
Write down your answers correct to three decimal places.
[5 marks]
(d) Hence, use the least squares method to fit a trend line to the seasonally adjusted time series
and predict the number of luxury cars sold for the fourth quarter of 2009.
[6 marks]
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Mr. Tan works five days a week and he takes either a bus, a commuter or a taxi to his office. The
probability that he takes a taxi is 0.20 and the probability that he takes a commuter is 0.50. The
probabilities that he will arrive late at his office if he takes a bus, a commuter, or a taxi are 0.30,
0.10 and 0.15 respectively.

(a) Find the probability that Mr. Tan will arrive late at his office on any given day.
[3 marks]
(b) Mr. Tan arrives late at his office on a given day. determine the mode of transport that he is
likely to take. give a reason for your answer.
[4 marks]
(c) Determine the probability that in a given week, Mr. Tan arrives late at his office on alternate
days.
[4 marks]
(d) Determine whether the events "Mr. Tan arrive late at his office" and "Mr. Tan take a bus to his
office" are independent. Explain.
[2 marks]
(e) Determine whether the events "Mr. Tan arrive late at his office" and "Mr. Tan take a taxi to his
office" are mutually exclusive. Explain.
[2 marks]
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END OF QUESTIONS

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