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API 653 Certification

Data Sheets
Reference Documents

Answer
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Fitness for Service (FFS)

Risked Based Inspection

Low Pressure Storage Tanks

Cathodic Protection

Tank Bottom Linings

Welding on In-Service Equipment containing Flammables

NDE Procedure Guidelines

Acceptance Standards for RTs of Welds

Alternative evaluation for pits and LTAs

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Welder Qualification

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Weld Procedure Qualification

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Impact Testing Method and Equipment Requirements

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Requirement for new welding electrodes

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NDE Personnel Qualification (RT & UT Flaw Detection)

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API 650 Appendix for Frangible Roofs

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API 650 Appendix for Hot Tanks

Answer

Class Abbreviations

API 653 Scope (Alteration, Inspection, Repair, Reconstruction)

API 653 AIs Employer (Jurisdiction, User, Insurance company,


Contractor)
API 653 Repair Organization (authorized by Jurisdiction, Owner,
Contractor)

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API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Dimensions

Answer

Definitions - Length of shell-to-bottom weld that if repaired is


considered a major repair or alteration
Linings - Typically anchor profile of steel surface required for the
installation of a tank bottom lining

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3

Welds - Maximum undercut of a vertical weld & nozzle weld

Welds - Maximum undercut of a horizontal weld

Welds - Maximum diameter of a surface porosity cluster

Weld Qualification - Max allowed discontinuity in a Bend Test

Nameplates - Minimum size of nameplate letters

Bottoms - Minimum external projection of bottom plate on an existing


tank (from toe of shell-to-bottom FW)

Reconstruction - Max amount of peaking allowed in vert welds


Shell Calcs When calculating tmin for shell LTA, minimum distance
away from a weld where E is always 1.0
Shell Patch - Minimum overlap of shell lap-patch used to cover a hole
(edge of hole to edge of patch)
NDE - When performing a PT examination, minimum distance to clean
beyond the area to be examined
NDE - When performing a MT examination, minimum distance to clean
beyond the area to be examined
Reconstruction - Maximum amount of banding allowed in a horizontal
welds

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Bottoms - Minimum overlap required for single-welded lap joints

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Bottoms - Minimum external projection of bottom plate on a new tank


Vacuum Box - Minimum overlap of previously test surfaces when using
a vacuum box
Bottom Patch - Minimum overlap of bottom lap-patch used to cover
corroded area (edge of corrosion to edge of patch)
Bottom Patch - Minimum distance bottom lap-patch fillet weld to the
nearest existing bottom weld

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Shell Patch - Minimum radius of a shell lap-patch


Reconstruction - If reusing bottom plates, min distance to cut from
existing bottom welds (if plates are not deseamed)
Reconstruction - If reusing roof plates, min distance to cut from
existing roof welds (if plates are not deseamed)

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MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Dimensions (continued)

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Shell Pitting - Maximum allowed vertical length of pits on a tank shell

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Bottom Pitting - Maximum allowed length of pits in the critical zone


that can be repaired by weld-buildup

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Bottoms - Radial length of critical zone measured from shell

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Bottoms Suggested pad thickness

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Welds - Min distance between clusters of surface porosity

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Shell Patch - Minimum dimension of a shell lap-patch

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Shell Patch - Minimum radius of a shell flush-patch


Shell Calcs When calculating tmin for shell LTA, minimum distance
away from a rivet where E is always 1.0
Bottom Patch - Minimum size of bottom lap-patch that does NOT
cross a bottom seam
Bottom Patch - Minimum distance between a bottom lap-patch and the
shell for patches that do NOT extend to the shell
Reconstruction - If reusing shell plates, min distance to cut from
existing shell welds (if plates are not deseamed)
RT - Minimum diagnostic length of a RT for vertical or horizontal
welds
Weld Qualification - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a welder
with RT using a coupon or 1st production weld
Weld Qualification - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a welding
operator with RT of a test coupon
Shell Patch Minimum distance to overlap a shell weld when using a
lap-patch

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Corrosion Area to dig when checking for soil-to-air corrosion

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NDE Distance of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

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Vacuum Box - Typical size of a vacuum box

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Shell Patch - Minimum dimension of a shell flush-patch


Bottoms - Minimum dimension that a 3-lap joint can be from: other 3laps, the shell, or annular plate joints
Bottom Patch - Minimum dimension of bottom lap-patch that crosses a
bottom seam

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Foundations - Suggested height above grade for new tank bottoms

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Dimensions (continued)
Shell Patch - When adding a shell flush-patch that extends to a
horizontal shell weld, minimum distance to cut the horizontal weld
past the new vertical welds
Shell Patch - Dimension of a shell flush-patch that is considered
either a major repair or alteration
Definition - Dimension of a shell vertical weld if repaired or replaced
is considered a major repair or alteration

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Bottom Patch Max width of bottom patch in the critical zone

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Bottoms - Minimum radial width of annular plate (distance between


shell and nearest bottom fillet weld)

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NDE Max distance of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam


Hot Tap - Minimum height of liquid above new nozzle during the hot
tap operation
Weld Qualification - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a welding
operator with RT of first production weld
NDE - Length of sweep board used when checking for banding or
peaking

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Welds - Maximum distance between welder ID stamps on a tank weld


Shell Patch - Maximum size of shell lap-patch (vertical & horizontal
dimensions)
Settlement - Maximum distance between tank settlement survey
points across the inside of the tank

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Roofs Maximum shunt spacing on floating roof


Settlement - Maximum distance between tank settlement survey
points around the outside diameter of the tank
NDE - Maximum distance between RTs in horizontal welds when
welding to existing shell plates

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CP Typical tank size for Galvanic CP systems

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Shell Calcs - Tank diameter when variable point design method should
always be used to calc shell minimum thickness

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Shell Minimum offset between vertical welds in adjacent courses

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Bottoms Minimum size of bottom welds

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API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Line Sizes

Answer

Repad - Nozzle size that never requires a repad

Repairs On existing tank, new nozzle must use insert plate if shell is
over thick and shell material does not meet current MDMT
requirements
RT - Maximum pipe size when using a RT elliptical shot (double-wall
technique, double-wall view)
Hot Tap - Maximum nozzle size that can be hot tapped when course
thickness is > and shell has unknown toughness
Definition - When adding a new nozzle, nozzle size to be considered a
major alteration

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Percentages

Answer

RT Film Density - Limits of weld as compared to the IQI (range)

AI Amount of time inspector must be involved in inspection activities


- required to maintain API 653 certification
RT Reconstruction - % to of weld intersections (new welds to old
welds) to be RTd
Maximum relative humidity when performing abrasive blasting for tank
bottom linings

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Maximum relative humidity when installing tank bottom linings

% to RT when installing a new insert plate with a nozzle into an


existing shell plate

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Temperatures

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Reconstruction - Base metal temp where welding is not allowed

Reconstruction - Base metal temp when hand-warm pre-heat is


required

Linings - Minimum temp when performing abrasive blasting

Linings - Minimum temp when installing tank bottom linings


Corrosion The corrosion rate of steel tank bottoms may double with
this rise in temperature
UT Calibration - Calibration Block must be within what temperature of
the part to be examined

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Vacuum Box - Standard temperature range for VB exam

PT - Standard temperature range for a PT exam


Impact Test - Design metal temperature that requires weld procedure
used for vertical welds to be impacted tested
Brittle - Tank metal temperature where brittle fracture is NOT a
concern
Bottom Lap Patches - Metal temp where lap-patches are NOT allowed
in critical zone on SS tank
Intervals - If tank product solidify below this temperature, the code
maximum interval rules do not apply

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Preheat - Approximate temp of a required hand-warm pre-heat


Corrosion - Temperature when high strength caustic causes serious
corrosion in CS and 300 SS
Preheat - Required pre-heat temperature for shell welds over 1.5
thick during Reconstruction
Bottom Lap Patches - Metal temperature where lap-patches are NOT
allowed in the critical zone on CS tanks

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Temperature Range for API 650 App M


Corrosion - Most aggressive temperature range for CUI. Range for
API 575 and API 571
Preheat - Minimum pre-heat temperature, when pre-heat is
substituted for PWHT

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Maximum temperature for UT readings

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PWHT Temperature

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MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Thicknesses

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Linings - Thickness of a thin film lining


Bottom - Minimum allowed bottom plate thickness when there is a
Reinforced Liner that is > 0.050 thick
Bottom - Minimum allowed bottom plate thickness when there is a
means to Detect and Contain a leak

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Roofs - Minimum allowed average thickness of corroded roof plate


Shell - Minimum arbitrary shell thickness (used when calculated
minimum thickness is below this number)
Bottom - Minimum allowed thickness of bottom plate at toe of the
external shell-to-bottom fillet weld
Bottom - Minimum allowed bottom plate thickness away from critical
zone or an annular plate
Bottom - Minimum allowed plate thickness in critical zone that can
be repaired by weld-buildup

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Roof Rim - Minimum allowed roof rim thickness

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Roof - Minimum thickness of new roof plate (cone & floating)

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Roof Rim - Minimum thickness of new roof rim

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Bottom - Normal minimum thickness of new bottom plate

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Bottom Patch - Maximum thickness of lap-patch in critical zone

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Brittle - Thickness when brittle fracture is NOT a concern

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Shell Patch Max shell thickness when lap-patches are allowed

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Shell Patch Maximum patch thickness for a shell lap-patch


Weld Qualification When can UT be used in lieu of RT to Qualify a
Welder/Welding Operator
NDE - When welding existing shell plate. Thickness that requires
100% examination by RT and MT or PT.
NDE - Plate thickness which requires 100% of verticals weld to be
radiographed
Reconstruction - Shell plate thickness that requires all welds to be
preheated to at least 200 oF.

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Shell Pits - Minimum remaining thickness allowed below a pit

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Time Intervals

Answer
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Vacuum Box - Minimum duration of each vacuum-testing exam


NDE - Minimum time an examiner should be in a darkened area prior
to using a black light for MT & PT exams
NDE - Final interpretation of a PT exam after application of developer
(time range)
Testing - Minimum time to let oil to penetrate when performing a
diesel oil test of shell-to-bottom weld
Testing - Minimum duration for a tank hydrotest to be held at full
height

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NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Permanent magnet MT Yoke

Intervals - Maximum Interval - Routine In-Service inspection

CP - Maximum Interval - Routine check of CP impressed current


sources

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - RT densitometer


Reconstruction - Maximum allowed age of last thickness readings,
used to design a reconstructed tank
Weld Qualification Maximum Time - Welder or operator maintains
qualifications for a welding process without using that process

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NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Electromagnetic MT Yoke

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CP - Maximum Interval - Detailed check of CP impressed current


facilities

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CP - Maximum Interval - CP surveys (field potential measurements)

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NDE - Minimum Time - To keep RTs acquired during tank repairs and
reconstructions

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Vac Box Max Test Interval - Jaeger 2 eye test for VB oper

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NDE Max Test Interval - Jaeger 2 eye test for PT/ MT tech

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AI Time period between API AI recertification

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Intervals - Maximum Interval - UT readings of a tank shell when the


corrosion rate is unknown

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Intervals - Maximum Interval - External Inspection

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AI Time period between API AI on-line recertification

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Intervals - Maximum Interval - Initial Internal Inspection (without


RBI or other special situations)

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer
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Time Intervals (continued)


RBI - Maximum Interval - RBI reassessments
Intervals - Maximum Interval - UT readings of a tank shell when the
corrosion rate is known
Intervals - Maximum Interval - Internal Inspection when the
corrosion rate is known (without RBI assessment)

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Linings - Typical life of a properly applied tank lining

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NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Check the light intensity of a black


light used in a MT or PT exam

Pressures

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Scope - Maximum internal pressure for tanks in API 650 & 653

Vacuum Box - Normal vacuum required when vacuum testing

Pressure Test - Pressure used when air testing the shell-to-bottom


weld

Pressure Test - Pressure used when air testing a repad

Scope - Maximum internal pressure for tanks in API 620

Slopes

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Minimum slope of normal tank bottom

Minimum slope of cone roof tank (for water runoff)

Maximum roof slope on tanks > 50 diameter (if roof is considered to


be fragible)

Maximum taper (steepest slope) allowed for an insert plate

MSTS

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Answer

Miscellaneous Numbers
Roofs - Maximum amount of primary seal that can be removed for
repair while tank is still in service
NDE - Minimum number of RTs required on a circular shell
replacement plate

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FFS Current joint efficiency E in API 650


FFS Joint Efficiency E Calculating tmin for an LTA, when LTA is
away from rivets by > 6
FFS Joint Efficiency E Calculating tmin for an LTA, when LTA is
away from weld by greater of: 1 or 2t
Reconstruction - Number of sets of center punch marks located on
top and bottom edges of each shell piece

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Weld Qualification - Number of tension tests to qualify a WPS


Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a welder or
welding operator in welding positions 1G-4G
NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a doublewall technique, double-wall view (elliptical shot)
NDE - RT film Density Range - allowed for the weld & IQI when using
a gamma ray source
NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a doublewall technique, single-wall view
Impact Test - Number of test bars required in each set of impact
test specimens
NDE - When using a shim under a hole-type IQI, the number of sides
of the IQI that must be seen in the RT image
Hot Tap - Minimum number of UT readings around the circumference
of a new hot tapped nozzle

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Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a WPS


Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests required to qualify a
welder in welding positions 5G & 6G
FFS - Corrosion Averaging in a Shell LTA - Minimum # of UT readings
to take on each designated vertical line.
NDE - Minimum number of RTs required on a square or rectangular
shell replacement plate
Settlement - Minimum number of settlement points around
circumference

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MSTS

10

October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets

Answer

Miscellaneous Other

Reconstructed Maximum allowed out-of-plumbness

Corrosion pH level that causes corrosion to increase

Corrosion Chloride level where pitting on steel begins

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of an AC yoke

Grounding - Maximum electrical resistance permitted from tank to


earth

NDE Min angle of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of a DC yoke

NDE - Minimum light intensity when performing non-fluorescent MT


or PT exams

Vacuum Box - Minimum light intensity when performing vacuum testing

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NDE - Minimum black light intensity when performing fluorescent MT


or PT exams

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Brittle Shell stress when brittle fracture is NOT a concern

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NDE - Hole size that must be visible in RT when using a hole-type IQI

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Weld Qualification - Maximum allowed thickness on a WPS based on


the plate thickness (T) of a PQR test coupon

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Weld Qualification The all-position test coupon

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NDE - Lead letter used during RT to check for backscatter radiation

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NDE - Lead letter used during RT to indicate a film-side IQI

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NDE - Lead letter used during RT to indicate a repaired weld

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Repairs Material where pre-heat can be substituted for a required


PWHT

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Repairs Materials where control deposition welding can be


substituted for a required PWHT

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Hot Taps Nozzle thickness for hot tapped nozzles

MSTS

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October 2013

API 653 Certification


Data Sheets
Miscellaneous Other (continued)
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Repairs Welding processes that can be used when substituting


Preheat or Controlled Deposition welding for a required PWHT

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Corrosion In a corrosion cell, the part that corrodes

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Corrosion In a corrosion cell, the part that doesnt corrode

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Linings Minimum surface prep prior to applying lining

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Weld Qualification Rejectable in RT when qualifying a welder

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MSTS

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October 2013