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Report on:

HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE


Subject: Advanced Material
M.Tech CASAD
Nirma University

1st semester

Introduction
Concrete, a composite consisting of aggregates enclosed in a matrix of cement
paste including possible pozzolans, has two major components cement paste and
aggregates.
The strength of concrete depends upon the strength of these components, their
deformation properties, and the adhesion between the paste and aggregate surface.
With most natural aggregates, it is possible to make concretes up to 120 MP
compressive strength by improving the strength of the cement paste, which can be
controlled through the choice of water-content ratio and type and dosage of
admixtures.
However, with the recent advancement in concrete technology and the
availability of various types of mineral and chemical admixtures, and special super
plasticizer, concrete with a compressive strength of up to 100 MPa can now be
produced commercially with an acceptable level of variability using ordinary
aggregates.
The use of high strength concrete is increased now days. High strength concrete
differ from normal strength concrete in that it variably contains a high rang water
reducer (or super plasticizer), while the normal strength concrete contains it rarely.
All other basic ingredients may be the same, namely Portland cement, aggregate
water and admixture. As some other ingredients are concerned such as retarders, fly
ash, blast furnace slag and silica fume and they may or may not be presented in either
type of concrete.
The design of concrete mixtures involves the determination of the most
economical and practical combination of concrete ingredients to achieve concrete
that is workable in its plastic state and will develop the required qualities when
hardened.
The high compressive strength can be advantageously used in compression
members like columns and piles. Higher compressive strength of concrete results in
reduction column size and increases available floor space. HSC can also be effectively
used in structures such as domes, folded plates, shells and arches where large inplane compressive stresses exist.
The relatively higher compressive strength per unit volume, per unit weight
will also reduce the overall dead load on foundation of a structure with HSC. Also, the
inherent techniques of producing HSC generate a dense microstructure making
ingress of deleterious chemicals from the environment into the concrete core difficult,
thus enhancing the long-term durability and performance of the structure.

Material Properties:
After collecting the material physical property was found out:
1. Cement Properties:
Physical properties
Fineness
Normal Consistency
Vicat Initial Setting Time
Vicat Final Setting Time
Compressive Strength(7-day)
Compressive Strength(28-day)

Results
IS:12269 guidelines
obtained
225 m2/kg
33
31.5 min 30 min (min.)
457 min 600 min (max.)
37 N/mm2
53 N/mm2

2. Aggregate Properties:
Properties

Lab Result
Course
Fine
Aggregate Aggregate
2.97
2.74

Specific
Gravity
Dry Bulk 1678
Density
Loose Bulk 1510
Density
Water
1.20 %
Absorption

5.20 %

3. Fly Ash & Metakeoline Properties :


Properties
Specific
Gravity

Lab Result
Fly Ash
Metakeoline
3.15
2.5

4. Admixture GLENIUM 149 :


GLENIUM 149
Parameter
Physical State

Specifications
Light Brown Free
Flowing Liquid
Chemical Name Of Polycarboxylate
Active Ingredient
Polymers
Relative Density At 1.10 + 0.01
25o C
1.10 - 0.01
Chloride Iron Content Max. 0.2
(%)
pH
Min. 6
Dry Material Content 36 + (%5)
36 - (%5)

Results
Light Brown Free
Flowing Liquid
Polycarboxylate
Polymers
1.106
0.0017
6.84
35.40

Mix Design:
According to IS 10262:2009 mix design of nominal concrete has been carried
out for M60 grade concrete. As per IS the following are calculation step for mix
design.
The calculation data:

Cement Concrete
-HSC
Grade Designation
-M70
Type of Cement
-OPC 53 Grade
Maximum Nominal size of Aggregate in mm-20
Minimum Cement content in Kg/m3
-450
Maximum Water-Cement Ratio
-0.27
Workability (Slump) in mm
-100

Exposure Condition

-Moderate

HSC Designs from Research


Papers
Strength at 28 day
Grade of cement
Maximum size of aggregate(mm)
Degree of Workability
Degree of quality control
Type of Exposure
Specific gravity of cement
specific gravity of fly ash
Specific gravity of microsilica
setting time of cement(min)

Cement compressive
strength(N/mm2)
Fineness modulus
Specific gravity of aggregate

Water absorption of aggregate

Cement used (kg/cum)


Slump
Fly ash used (kg/cum)
microsilica used (kg/cum)
Blast furnace slag (kg/cum)
Silica fume (kg/cum)
Metakaoline
ALCCOFINE 1203
W/C
20mm (kg/cum)
12.5mm (kg/cum)
10mm (kg/cum)
r/sand (kg/cum)
c/sand (kg/cum)
water (kg/cum)
Admixture by weight of (C+F+MS)
cube compressive strength
(N/mm2)

M60 M60 M60 M60 M65 M65 M70 M70 M70 M70
53
53
53
20 12.5
20
20
collapsible
collapsible
good
good
severe
severe
3.15 3.15
3.15 3.15 3.15
2.24
2.2 2.24 2.72
2.21
2.21
initial 120
60 165
final
185
320 270
3day 45.21
29.4
39
7day 54.82
44.8
51
28day 69.32
56.5 64.2
fine
3
3
3
20mm 2.729
2.6 2.729 2.78
12.5mm
2.64
10mm 2.747
2.6 2.747
R/san 2.751
2.6
2.6 2.751
C/san 2.697
2.6 2.697
20mm 1.54
1.54
10mm 1.78
1.78
R/san 3.78
3.78
C/san 4.49
4.49
450 504.2 430 430 500 390 482 486 406 485
80
40

80

50

50

60

100

20%

90
24

174

10%
0
0.24
546

50
0.32

545

530

0.33
202.4

0.26
405

0.27
0

1108
444
365 360 1068 1141 809.6 612 1043 1143
604 683.2 665 650 608 575 715 340 524 762
174
175 170
334
137 141.6 159 140 178 161 153 154 186 130
1.80% 466.81 1.30% 1.00%
9.6kg/ 0.50%
3.4lit/c
3day 40.98
49.13
7day 57.71
59.57
28day 70.96
81.49

Material Quantity:
Fly Ash
Metakeoline
Admixture
Material Quantity
Concrete
Cement
Fly Ash
Metakeoline
Water
20 mm Aggregate
10 mm Aggregate
W/C Ratio
Sand
Admixture

: 15% Of cement
: 10% Of cement
: 1% Of cementing Material

1
450
67.5
45
153
202.4
809.6
0.27
715
5.625

m3
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

Testing of Concrete:
Testing Results
7 DAYS STRENGTH
BEAM
CUBE
CYLINDER
WEIGHT STRENGTH WEIGHT STRENGTH WEIGHT STRENGTH
Kg
N/mm2
Kg
N/mm2
Kg
N/mm2
12.48
7.50
8.6
36.8
12.89
2.9709
12.1
7.00
8.68
37.77
12.97
3.5368
12.23
8.50
8.48
38.89
12.79
3.1124
28 DAYS STRENGTH
BEAM
CUBE
CYLINDER
WEIGHT STRENGTH WEIGHT STRENGTH WEIGHT STRENGTH
Kg
N/mm2
Kg
N/mm2
Kg
N/mm2
12.28
8.00
8.62
53.33
12.35
4.2441
12.3
8.50
8.57
40.44
12.8
4.2441
12.5
7.50
8.35
54.222
12.69
3.6782

42 DAYS STRENGTH
BEAM
CUBE
CYLINDER
WEIGHT STRENGTH WEIGHT STRENGTH WEIGHT STRENGTH
Kg
N/mm2
Kg
N/mm2
Kg
N/mm2
12.3
9.00
9.1
63.55
12.95
4.3856
12.15
7.50
8.95
57.77
13.03
4.6685
12.28
7.50
8.77
56.88
12.8
4.1027

28 Days Modulus of elasticity

5.66
11.32
16.98
22.64
28.29 N/mm2
CYLINDER STRESS
1
STRAIN 0.000167 0.000333 0.000467 0.000633 0.000833

5.66
11.32
16.98
22.64
28.29 N/mm2
CYLINDER STRESS
2
STRAIN 0.000167 0.000300 0.000500 0.000600 0.000800

5.66
5.66
5.66
5.66
5.66 N/mm2
CYLINDER STRESS
3
STRAIN 0.000133 0.000367 0.000467 0.000667 0.000800
Modulus of elasticity
0.000900
0.000800
0.000700

STRESS

0.000600
0.000500
0.000400
0.000300
0.000200
0.000100
0.000000
5.66

11.32

16.98

22.64

28.29

STRAIN
CYLINDER 1

CYLINDER 3

CYLINDER 3

Conclusion:
By use of cementing material one can improve the strength of
concrete, but Replacement of cement by cementing material should be
limited because replacing large amount of cement will not give desire
result.