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HS0038A2.

Vishay Telefunken

Photo Modules for PCM Remote Control Systems

Description
The HS0038A2. series are miniaturized receivers for
infrared remote control systems. PIN diode and
preamplifier are assembled on lead frame, the epoxy
package is designed as IR filter.
The demodulated output signal can directly be
decoded by a microprocessor. HS0038A2. is the
standard IR remote control receiver series, supporting
all major transmission codes.
GND
VS

OUT
94 8691

Features
D Photo detector and preamplifier in one package
D Internal filter for PCM frequency
D Improved shielding against electrical field

D Low power consumption


D High immunity against ambient light
D Continuous data transmission possible
(800 bit/s)

disturbance

D Suitable burst length 10 cycles/burst

D TTL and CMOS compatibility


D Output active low

Block Diagram
2
Control
Circuit

Input

30 kW
3

PIN
AGC

Band
Pass

VS

OUT

Demodulator
1

GND

16108

Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

www.vishay.de FaxBack +1-408-970-5600


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HS0038A2.
Vishay Telefunken
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Tamb = 25_C
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Supply Current
Output Voltage
Output Current
Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature Range
Operating Temperature Range
Power Consumption
Soldering Temperature

Test Conditions
(Pin 2)
(Pin 2)
(Pin 3)
(Pin 3)

(Tamb
85 C)
t
10 s, 1 mm from case

Symbol
VS
IS
VO
IO
Tj
Tstg
Tamb
Ptot
Tsd

Value
0.3...6.0
5
0.3...6.0
5
100
25...+85
25...+85
50
260

Unit
V
mA
V
mA
C
C
C
mW
C

Typ
1.1
1.4
35

Max
1.5

Unit
mA
mA
m

250
0.5

mV
mW/m2

Basic Characteristics
Tamb = 25_C
Parameter
Supply
y Current ((Pin 2))

Test Conditions
VS = 5 V, Ev = 0
VS = 5 V, Ev = 40 klx, sunlight
Transmission Distance
Ev = 0, test signal see fig.7, IR diode
TSAL6200, IF = 400 mA
Output Voltage Low (Pin 3) IOSL = 0.5 mA,Ee = 0.7 mW/m2, f = fo
Irradiance (38 kHz)
Pulse width tolerance: tpi 5/fo < tpo
< tpi + 6/fo, test signal see fig.7
Irradiance
tpi 5/fo < tpo < tpi + 6/fo
Directivity
Angle of half transmission distance

Symbol
ISD
ISH
d

Min
0.8

VOSL
Ee min
Ee max
1/2

0.35

W/m2
deg

30
45

Application Circuit
2
HS0038A2.
TSAL62..

4.7 mF *)

100 W *)

+5 V **)
>10 kW
optional

mC

1
16215

GND
*) recommended to suppress power supply disturbances
**) tolerated supply voltage range : 4.5 V<VS <5.5V

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Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

HS0038A2.
Vishay Telefunken
Suitable Data Format
The circuit of the HS0038A2. is designed in that way
that unexpected output pulses due to noise or
disturbance signals are avoided. A bandpassfilter, an
integrator stage and an automatic gain control are
used to suppress such disturbances.
The distinguishing mark between data signal and
disturbance signal are carrier frequency, burst length
and duty cycle.
The data signal should fullfill the following condition:

Carrier frequency should be close to 38kHz.

Burst length should be 10 cycles/burst or longer.

After each burst which is between 10 cycles and


70 cycles a gap time of at least 14 cycles is
neccessary.

For each burst which is longer than 1.8ms a


corresponding gap time is necessary at some
time in the data stream. This gap time should be
at least 4 times longer than the burst.

Up to 800 short bursts per second can be


received continuously.

Some examples for suitable data format are:


NEC Code (repetitive pulse), NEC Code (repetitive
data), Toshiba Micom Format, Sharp Code
When a disturbance signal is applied to the
HS0038A2. it can still receive the data signal. However
the sensitivity is reduced to that level that no unexpected pulses will occure.
Some examples for such disturbance signals which
are suppressed by the HS0038A2. are:

DC light (e.g. from tungsten bulb or sunlight)

Continuous signal at 38kHz or at any other


frequency

Signals from fluorescent lamps with electronic


ballast with low modulation (see Figure A or B).

10

15

20

time [ms]
Figure A: IR Signal from Fluorescent Lamp with low Modulation

10

15

20

time [s]

Figure B: IR Signal from Fluorescent Lamp with high Modulation

Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

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HS0038A2.
Vishay Telefunken
Typical Characteristics (Tamb = 25_C unless otherwise specified)
Ee min Threshold Irradiance ( mW/m2 )

eE
min

/e E Rel. Responsitivity

1.0
0.8

0.6

0.4
0.2

f = f0

"5%

Df ( 3 dB ) = f0 / 10

2.0
f ( E ) = f0
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.4
0.0

0.0
0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.3

1.2

f / f0 Relative Frequency

94 8143

Figure 1. Frequency Dependence of Responsivity

tpo Output Pulse Length (ms)

0.9
0.8
Input burst duration

0.6
0.5

l = 950 nm,
optical test signal, fig.7

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0.1

1.0

10.0

Ee Irradiance (

96 12110

4.5
4.0
3.5

^
^

Correlation with ambient light sources


( Disturbance effect ) : 10W/m2 1.4 klx
( Stand.illum.A, T = 2855 K ) 8.2 klx
( Daylight, T = 5900 K )

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5

Ambient, l = 950 nm

1.0
0.5

96 12111

0
0.01

0.10

1.00

10.00

1 kHz

10 kHz
1

100 Hz

Figure 3. Sensitivity in Bright Ambient

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0.1

10

100

1000

DVs RMS AC Voltage on DC Supply Voltage ( mV )

Figure 5. Sensitivity vs. Supply Voltage Disturbances


1.0
0.9
0.8

Sensitivity in dark ambient

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
30 15

100.00

E DC Irradiance (W/m2)

2.0

1.6

f = f0

0.1
0.01

E e min Threshold Irradiance (mW/m2 )

E e min Threshold Irradiance (mW/m2 )

5.0

1.2

10

94 9106

Figure 2. Sensitivity in Dark Ambient

0.8

Figure 4. Sensitivity vs. Electric Field Disturbances

100.0 1000.0 10000.0


mW/m2

0.4

E Field Strength of Disturbance ( kV / m )

Ee min Threshold Irradiance ( mW/m2 )

1.0

0.7

0.0
94 8147

96 12112

15

30

45

60

75

90

Tamb Ambient Temperature ( C )

Figure 6. Sensitivity vs. Ambient Temperature

Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

HS0038A2.
Vishay Telefunken
Optical Test Signal
Ee

(IR diode TSAL6200, IF = 0.4 A, 30 pulses, f = f0, T = 10 ms)

tpi *
* tpi

T
10/fo is recommended for optimal function

Output Signal

VO

1)
2)

VOH

16110

"

7/f0 < td < 15/f0


tpo = tpi 6/f0

0.9
0.8

Ton

0.7
0.6
0.5
Toff

0.4
0.3

l = 950 nm,
optical test signal, fig.8

0.2
0.1
0
0.1

VOL

1.0

10.0

100.0 1000.0 10000.0

Ee Irradiance (mW/m2)

96 12114

td1 )

T on ,Toff Output Pulse Length (ms)

1.0

tpo2
)

Figure 10. Output Pulse Diagram

Figure 7. Output Function


Optical Test Signal

600 ms

600 ms
T = 60 ms

94 8134

VO

Output Signal, ( see Fig.10 )

VOH

S ( l ) rel Relative Spectral Sensitivity

Ee

1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
750

VOL
Ton

Toff

850

950

1150

1050

l Wavelength ( nm )

94 8408

Figure 11. Relative Spectral Sensitivity vs. Wavelength

Figure 8. Output Function

10

20
30

0.8

Envelope Duty Cycle

0.7
0.6

40

0.5

1.0

0.4

0.9

50

0.3

0.8

60

0.2

70

0.7

80

0.1
0
10
16153

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

Burstlength [number of cycles/burst]

Figure 9. Max. Envelope Duty Cycle vs. Burstlength

Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

0.6

90
95 11339p2

0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0.2
0.4
drel Relative Transmission Distance

Figure 12. Vertical Directivity y

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HS0038A2.
Vishay Telefunken
0

10

20
30

40
1.0
0.9

50

0.8

60
70

0.7

80
0.6
95 11340p2

0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0.2
0.4
drel Relative Transmission Distance

Figure 13. Horizontal Directivity x

Dimensions in mm

96 12116

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Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

HS0038A2.
Vishay Telefunken
Ozone Depleting Substances Policy Statement
It is the policy of Vishay Semiconductor GmbH to
1. Meet all present and future national and international statutory requirements.
2. Regularly and continuously improve the performance of our products, processes, distribution and operating
systems with respect to their impact on the health and safety of our employees and the public, as well as their
impact on the environment.
It is particular concern to control or eliminate releases of those substances into the atmosphere which are known as
ozone depleting substances ( ODSs ).
The Montreal Protocol ( 1987 ) and its London Amendments ( 1990 ) intend to severely restrict the use of ODSs and
forbid their use within the next ten years. Various national and international initiatives are pressing for an earlier ban
on these substances.
Vishay Semiconductor GmbH has been able to use its policy of continuous improvements to eliminate the use of
ODSs listed in the following documents.
1. Annex A, B and list of transitional substances of the Montreal Protocol and the London Amendments respectively
2 . Class I and II ozone depleting substances in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 by the Environmental
Protection Agency ( EPA ) in the USA
3. Council Decision 88/540/EEC and 91/690/EEC Annex A, B and C ( transitional substances ) respectively.
Vishay Semiconductor GmbH can certify that our semiconductors are not manufactured with ozone depleting
substances and do not contain such substances.

We reserve the right to make changes to improve technical design and may do so without further notice.
Parameters can vary in different applications. All operating parameters must be validated for each customer application
by the customer. Should the buyer use Vishay-Telefunken products for any unintended or unauthorized application, the
buyer shall indemnify Vishay-Telefunken against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, arising out of, directly or
indirectly, any claim of personal damage, injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use.
Vishay Semiconductor GmbH, P.O.B. 3535, D-74025 Heilbronn, Germany
Telephone: 49 ( 0 ) 7131 67 2831, Fax number: 49 ( 0 ) 7131 67 2423

Document Number 82110


Rev. 3, 10-Mar-00

www.vishay.de FaxBack +1-408-970-5600


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