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The Textile Association (India) - Ahmedabad Unit Organises Conference On

Textile Industry : Innovations


for Sustainability & Growth
The Textile Association (India) -
Ahmedabad Unit organised a one-day
conference on "Textile Industry : Inno-
vations for Sustainability and Growth"
at the University Ground in
Ahmedabad alongside the 'Engimach'
exhibition dedicated to the engineer-
ing machinery and machine tools.

The Conference was supported by the


Govt. of Gujarat, Industries
Commissionerate, Gandhinagar and
also by a host of local industrial asso-
ciations of Ahmedabad.

Dr. Chandan Chatterjee (Director - CED


& GM iNDEXTb) - a well-known and
dynamic textile technocrat turned bu-
reaucrat of Gujarat - who was one of
the guest speakers - in his speech gave Dr. Chandan Chatterjee (Director - CED & GM iNDEXTb)
details of the various schemes of the
Govt. of Gujarat for the growth and Considering the huge potential in this spinning, knitting, apparel and ma-
development of the textile and apparel sector, both in terms of investment and chine carpeting both for domestic and
industry. The information provided by employment generation, Government international market, the Industrial
Dr. Chatterjee is given below. of Gujarat intends to promote entire Policy 2009 provides for extending
textile value chain from farm to fibre to support to promote all these sectors
Government of Gujarat : Schemes fabric to fashion and foreign trade. The with an integrated approach for the
for Assistance to Textile & Apparel state has identified certain sectors like over all development of textile indus-
sector Cotton spinning, Knitting and Machine try in Gujarat. The Govt has therefore
Carpeting as the missing gaps in whole decided to introduce the following
Textile Industry has its unique position value chain, and also new areas like schemes with a strategic thrust on :
as a self-reliant industry, from the pro- Technical and Industrial textile to
1. Technological upgradation
duction of raw materials to fabric and achieve more and more value addition.
Garment and has a major contribution 2. Quality Consciousness
to the economy of Gujarat. In view of the initiatives and strategies
3. Product Diversification
envisaged in the Industrial Policy, 2009
Gujarat is a leading textile state in the Government is pleased to introduce 4. Increase in exports and innovative
country. The state contributes over 33% various schemes for Textile / Apparel marketing strategies
of mill-made fabric and 25% of power- sector as under:
loom fabric of the country. Textile also 5. Maximising employment opportu-
accounts for about 21% of total em- nities
Resolution
ployment in the industrial sector of the 6. Integrated Human Resource Devel-
state… Looking to the opportunities for cotton opment

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Operative period of the scheme tion/ modernization and/ or it obtains or for expansion/ diversification
sanction of financial assistance from and modernization of existing
The scheme will come into operation Banks/Financial Institutions. enterprises and only for the in-
from the date of issue of this GR and vestment in new and modern
shall remain in force for five years. Eligible Fixed Capital Investment: plant and machinery.
Only those enterprises which complete
and make operational fully their Eligible fixed capital investment means (ii) For the purpose of interest sub-
projects during the operative period the capital investment made in the sidy, the enterprise shall get term
shall be eligible for benefit mentioned fixed assets viz. Land, Building, Plant loan from Financial Institution/
under the respective scheme, as ap- & Machinery, Utilities, etc. excluding Bank recognized by Reserve
plicable. pre-operative expenses. Bank of India.

Definitions TUF Scheme (iii) The enterprise applying within one


year of loan disbursement will be
New Enterprise The TUF scheme means the Technol- eligible.
ogy Upgradation Fund Scheme as no-
New Enterprise means the enterprise tified by Government of India and (iv) Disbursement of the loan should
which commences commercial pro- amended from time to time regarding be within the operative period of
duction/ service during the operative eligible machineries under the scheme. the Scheme.
period of this scheme and has obtained
acknowledgement of filing Interest Subsidy Scheme (v) The enterprise must start com-
Entrepreneur’s Memorandum (EM) with mercial operation within the op-
the concerned District Industries Cen- The scheme will be known as Finan- erative period of the scheme.
ter (DIC) or Industrial Entrepreneur’s cial assistance by way of credit linked
Memorandum (IEM) with Government Interest Subsidy in Spinning, Weaving, (vi) Maximum interest subsidy at the
of India. Knitting, Apparel and Machine Carpet- rate of 5% per annum, limited to
ing. maximum of Rs. 30 lakhs (for
Existing Enterprise Spinning maximum of Rs.40
Eligible Activities lakhs) per annum, will be avail-
The Existing Enterprise means the able to the enterprise. This inter-
enterprise which has filed EM with the Spinning est subsidy will be in addition to
concerned DIC or IEM with GoI and is any other incentives available
implementing expansion/ diversifica- Minimum size of each cotton/synthetic from other schemes of Govern-
tion/ modernization in the project for blended new spinning unit should be ment of India.
carrying out activity indicated in this of 5,000 spindles. In case of expan-
resolution. sion, it should be of additional 5,000 (vii) The interest subsidy will be avail-
spindles. able only on interest levied by the
Expansion or Diversification Financial Institution. Penal inter-
Weaving (Powerloom) est or other charges will not be
Existing enterprise taking up expansion reimbursed.
or diversification with investment more Investment in plant & machineries as
than 50% of its existing gross fixed specified in the updated list of textile (viii) The interest subsidy will be for
capital investment as on date of initi- machinery under T.U.F. Scheme of five years OR for the period of
ating expansion/ diversification and Government of India. repayment of loan whichever is
commencing production of said expan- earlier.
sion/ diversification during the opera- Knitting, Apparel & Machine Carpet-
tive period of the scheme shall be ing (ix) The interest subsidy will be given
treated as Expansion or Diversification. to the enterprise which pays regu-
Minimum investment should be Rs. 5 lar installments and interest to the
Gross Fixed Capital Investment crores in plant and machineries. financial institutions. If the enter-
prise becomes defaulter, it will
Gross fixed capital investment means Quantum of Assistance not get interest subsidy for the
investment in fixed capital viz. Land, default period and such default-
Building, Plant & Machinery before it (i) Interest subsidy will be available ing period will be deducted from
commences expansion/ diversifica- for establishing new enterprises 5 years period.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Interest Subsidy in Technical Textiles textile as listed and identified under tance to Training Institutions, Training
TUF scheme or compatible with TUF Centers, Trainers and Trainees for Ap-
The scheme will be known as Credit scheme will be considered eligible. parel related production.
linked interest Subsidy in Technical
Textiles. Quantum of Assistance Eligible Activities & Quantum of As-
sistance
Eligible Activities The enterprise will be given interest
subsidy @6% in new plant and ma- Setting up of Training Institution
Technical Textiles are defined as tex- chinery as interest linked capital sub-
tile materials and products used pri- sidy limited to Rs. 125 lakhs during the (i) Under the scheme, any autono-
marily for their technical performance operative period of the scheme. This mous institutions promoted by gov-
and functional properties rather than will be in addition to any support pro- ernment/ public sector undertak-
their aesthetic or decorative character- vided by State Government and Gov- ings or private sector with a strong
istics. Depending on the product char- ernment of India under any scheme. background of textile and apparel
acteristics, functional requirements industries or skilled manpower de-
and end-use applications, the highly Scheme of Assistance for Technol- velopment, which propose to set
diversified range of technical textiles ogy acquisition and upgradation up apparel training facilities, will be
have been grouped into 13 sectors provided assistance upto 85%,
application-wise. The scheme will be known as assis- with ceiling of maximum of Rs 3
tance to enterprises for Technology crore, of the project cost covering
1. Agrotech (Agriculture, Horticulture acquisition and upgradation. fixed capital investment in build-
and Forestry) ing, equipments and machinery (in-
Eligible Activities cluding installation cost), electrifi-
2. Buildtech (Building and Construc- cation, furnitures and other miscel-
tion) (i) The enterprise acquiring the tech- laneous investment required for
3. Clothtech (Technical components nology for the first time in India for setting up training facilities, ex-
of shoes and clothing) specialized application will be con- cluding land cost.
sidered eligible under the scheme.
4. Geotech (Geo-textiles and Civil (ii) The recurring expenditure for run-
Engineering) (ii) The acquisition of technology can
be in any form, including purchase ning the training institution has to
5. Hometech (Components of furni- of drawing and design and tech- be borne by the promoter institu-
ture, household textiles and floor nology development through en- tion.
coverings) gaging experts/ R&D institution Upgradation of facilities in Industrial
6. lndutech (Filtration, cleaning and and/or technical consultancy firm. Training Institutes (ITIs)
other industrial usage)
7. Meditech (Hygiene and Medical) Quantum of Assistance ITIs offer different courses in apparel
(i) The enterprises acquiring the tech- production as per the training scheme
8. Mobiltech (Automobiles, Shipping, of All India Apprenticeship Training.
Railways and Aerospace) nology will be provided financial as-
sistance of upto 50% of the invest- These courses need to be upgraded
9. Oekotech (Environmental Protec- ment for technology acquisition / as per the requirement of apparel in-
tion) collaboration, with maximum of Rs dustry and the training content needs
10. Packtech (Packaging) 25 lakhs per process/product once to be approved by State Level Com-
during operative period of the mittee/ Anchor Institutions. ITIs, there-
11. Protech (Personal and Property fore, need additional facilities in terms
Protection) scheme.
of new equipments and machineries.
12. Sporttech (Sport and Leisure) (ii) The enterprise availing the benefit
for the same purpose under any Accordingly, ITIs will be provided need
13. Defebcetech (Textile for defense other scheme of State Govern- based assistance for purchase of
use) ment will not be eligible to get ben- equipments required for upgrading their
This Scheme will be applicable to new efit under this scheme. existing facilities to provide training in
as well as to existing enterprise for apparel production. The assistance will
expansion/ upgradation in above 13 Scheme for Assistance to Apparel be as one time grant of total cost of
sectors. Training Institutions and Trainees additional equipments required to be
purchased for conducting training
The machinery of Technical/ Industrial The scheme will be known as Assis- courses in apparel production.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Training Centers 5,000/- per trainee per course in Eligible activities
apparel production in institutions
(i) In Gujarat, there are large numbers approved by the State Level Com- The fresh trainees of Power loom train-
of Training Centers in the form of mittee. The selection of trainees ing centers operated by ATIRA at
tailoring schools, which provide will be carried out by the commit- Ahmedabad & Dholka and by MAN-
training in sewing and other tailor- tee constituted by concerned Gen- TRA at Pandesara & Sachin at Surat
ing related activities, set up by dif- eral Manager (GM), DIC. The ten- will be considered eligible for stipend.
ferent institutions, NGOs and pri- ure of the Training, Syllabus and
vate entrepreneurs and registered Tuition Fees will be prescribed by Quantum of Assistance:
by Directorate of Employment & State Level Committee/ Anchor
Training (DET). There is a good Institutions. Trainees will be given stipend of
potential to upgrade these facilities Rs.1500/- per month for the period of
to provide training for different skills (iii) However, this support will not be three months. The trainees for the
of apparel production. This would available to those trainees avail- batches of weavers and jobbers under
generate large number of skilled ing any other similar support pro- GR dated 15.10.2007 mentioned at
manpower in urban and semi-urban vided by State Government. preamble (7) will also eligible for the
areas of the state. stipend for Rs. 1500 per month.
Assistance for training to Trainers
(ii) Such training centers, which come
forward to upgrade their facilities Assistance for advanced training to
(i) Financial assistance, as reim- Pow er l o o m ow n er /j o b b er an d
in order to make them viable ap- bursement of training cost with
parel training centers will be pro- worker
maximum limit of Rs.5000/- per
vided assistance at 50%, subject trainer per week, will be provided
to a limit of Rs. 20 lacs per center, The scheme will be known as assis-
to apparel training institutions/ cen- tance for advanced training to power
of their investment towards pur- ters approved by State Level Com-
chase of equipment and machin- loom owner/ jobber and worker to up-
mittee for imparting training to the grade skills to work on Auto looms,
ery (including installation cost), trainers
electrification and necessary fur- High speed auto looms and Shuttleless
niture. Establishment of new train- (a) at 100% in case of trainers at looms and to improve their working
ing centers will also be eligible for tending autonomous institu- style, skill and behavior.
financial assistance under the tions promoted by Govern-
ment/Public sector undertak- Quantum of Assistance
scheme. The institutions/ training
centers will be required to provide ings and The scheme will be operated through
training as per the norms of AEPC (b) at 50% in case of trainers at- ATIRA, MANTRA and similar Institu-
or State Level Committee/Anchor tending other institutions tions. Under the scheme, the following
Institutions. assistance will be provided:
(ii) The training period should not be
Reimbursement of tuition fees to more than four weeks. (i) Allowances towards cost of trans-
Trainees port & incidental expenses to
(iii) The training will be conducted in weavers @ Rs.200/- per day for
(i) The training institutions charge tu- the institutions approved by the duration of two days and Jobbers
ition fees from trainees to meet State Level Committee/ Anchor In- @ Rs.300/- per day for duration of
their recurring expenditure, as this stitutions. six days. No allowances will be
is the only source of income to given to Power loom owner.
run such institutions. The tuition Training Support to Power loom Sec-
fees for undertaking training in tor (ii) No fees will be charged by the In-
apparel production are much stitution from Weaver, jobber or
higher as compared to fees Stipend Scheme for Trainees of Owner for providing training.
charged by ITIs in different skills. Power loom
The following conditions shall apply for
(ii) It is, therefore, necessary to pro- The scheme will be known as assis- providing financial assistance:
vide assistance to trainees so as tance by way of stipend to trainees of (i) Training period will be two days for
to enable them to pay tuition fees. Power loom training centers operated weaver, six days for jobber and two
The assistance will be at 50% of by ATIRA at Ahmedabad & Dholka and days for power loom owner.
total fees charge by institutions, by MANTRA at Pandesara, Katargam (ii) Fees to experts, practical training,
subject to a limit of up to Rs and Sachin at Surat. facilities for training etc. will be de-

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
cided in consultation with the of- land to the Project Special Pur- period of the scheme.
fice of Industries Commissionerate pose Company (SPC) on lease. (ii) The enterprise availing benefit un-
for the each training programme. The ownership of government land der the scheme will have to remain
Reimbursement of actual cost for shall remain with Government/ its in production/services at least for
such expenditure will be given to agency. five years from the date of com-
ATIRA/ MANTRA or similar insti- mencement of commercial produc-
tutions as approved by State Level Quantum of assistance
tion/services.
Committee. The park will be provided viability gap
funding of upto 20% of total project (iii) All the benefiting enterprises shall
Support for Textile & Apparel Park cost by Gujarat Infrastructure Devel- file information about annual pro-
opment Board (GIDB) as per the terms duction, sales, power consumption
The scheme will be known as support and conditions notified under G.R. No. and such other details as may be
for setting up of following type of Tex- IDB/112006/2536/I dated 25th July, asked by DIC on 31st of every
tile & Apparel Park any where in Gujarat 2007, amended from time to time. March annually.
on PPP basis. (iv) For expansion/ diversification the
Support to Industries/ Industries As- enterprise will be entitled for incen-
1. Apparel/Sewing Parks. sociation tives only once during the opera-
2. Weaving park for cotton/synthetic If a group of industries or an industry tive period of the scheme.
textiles association intends to develop a Tex- (v) The enterprises will be eligible for
3. Exclusive Technical Textile Park tile and Apparel Park, it will be entitled any additional incentives specified
4. Exclusive Industrial Park for ma- to financial assistance as specified under different schemes of Govern-
chine made carpets below, subject to eligibility conditions. ment of India.
5. Industrial Park for Textile machin- Eligibility State Level Committee constituted
eries & ancillaries for sanction of assistance
(i) The park must have provision for
6. Ginning and Pressing park the location of minimum 20 num- 1. Industries Commissioner Chairman
bers of manufacturing / service en- 2. Addl. Secretary/ JS / Dy. Secretary
Scheme for Support to Private De- terprises.
veloper – Finance dept. Member
(ii) The park should be implemented 3 Dy. Secretary (Textile) I & MD Mem-
If the private developer intends to de- under PPP basis i.e. developed, ber
velop a Textile and Apparel Park, it will financed, constructed, maintained
and operated a Special Purpose 4. Director, ATIRA Member
be entitled to Viability Gap Funding
scheme of Gujarat Infrastructure De- Vehicle (SPV) consisting of gov- 5. Director, MANTRA Member
velopment Board, as specified below. ernment/ its agencies and group 6. Chairman, Surat Art Silk Cloth
of industries/ industries associa- Manufacturers Association Mem-
Eligibility tion. ber
(i) The park must have provision for (iii) The state government may provide 7. President, Gujarat Chamber of
the location of minimum 20 num- land to the SPV on lease. The own- Commerce & Industry Member
bers of manufacturing / service en- ership of the government land shall
remain with Government/ its 8. General Manager (Projects & Tech-
terprises. nology), iNDEXTb Member
agency.
(ii) The park should be implemented 9. Add /Jt./Dy. Commissioner of In-
under PPP basis i.e. developed, fi- Quantum of assistance dustries Member Secretary
nanced, constructed, maintained
and operated by a Private Sector The park will be provided financial as-
The proposal for getting the assistance
Company to be selected by the sistance of up to 50%, with maximum
should be submitted to the respective
Government or Government limit of Rs. 10 crore, of total project
District Industries Centre. DICs will
agency or specified Government cost for establishing common infra-
scrutinize and forward the proposal to
agency through a process of de- structure facilities, excluding land cost.
Industries Commissioner, who will sub-
veloper selection as specified in mit before the State Level Committee
the Gujarat Infrastructure Develop- General Conditions
for its decision. Industries Commis-
ment (GID) Act, 1999. (i) The enterprise must start commer- sioner in this regard will issue the de-
(iii) The state government may provide cial operation within the operative tailed procedure separately.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Shri B.B. Sharma, Technical Director,
Welspun India Pvt. Ltd., Kutch
(Gujarat), in his Keynote Address
emphasised on the need to have
sustainability in every sphere of today's
industrial activity. According to Shri
Sharma “sustainable development is
development that meets the needs of
the present without compromising the
ability of future generations to meet
their own needs.”

It is usually noted that this requires the


reconciliation of environmental, social
and economic demands - the "three pil-
lars" of sustainability. Shri Sharma re-
called how the industrial units in the
past grossly undermined the issues
related to environment, minimum
wages and corporate social responsi- Shri B.B. Sharma, Technical Director, Welspun India Pvt. Ltd.
bility. "These issues have now become
a must to follow in order to be func-
tional in business today, especially in
the global trade", he added.

Shri Sharma highlighted how his com-


pany was handling these issues and
ensuring best compliance to the inter-
national standards.

Dr. P.R. Roy, Immediate Past President


of the Textile Association (India) and a
renowned textile management consult-
ant, in his inaugural address, also re-
minded the industry of the adverse
consequences of the fast depleting Welspun City , a 2500 acre township set up in the heart of Anjar is the
natural resources, especially cotton in backbone of Welspun. It was established in 2004 with an initial investment of
India due to declining acrage under Rs. 13,500 million. The one-of-its-kind Welspun Textile Mill produces Terry
cotton farming. He advised the indus- Towels and Bed linen of the finest and the best quality in the World. These
try leaders to plan their future strate- products are mostly exported to the top retailers of the Globe which includes
gies based on these ground realities most of the Fortune 100 Companies like Wal Mart, Target and J.C. Penny
and go all out to create and adopt in- amongst others.
novations for sustainability and growth.
Welspun City is additionally a prime example of continuous efforts of pro-
Dr. Roy, who is currently advising vari- tecting the environment with a strong emphasis on a-forestation. The town-
ous textile mills to shape up their fu- ship is in the process of turning itself in the creation of the largest green belt
ture directions extending technical and in the area, with a veritable forest of about 500,000 trees which includes the
managerial support, said : "cotton is Jatropha tree, the drought resistant perennial whose seeds is used to pro-
the most important natural fibre used duce bio-diesel.
in the textile industries worldwide,
amounting to 40% of the textile pro- In its sincere efforts to improve the lives of children “Welspun Vidya Mandir”,
duction. The consumption of a cotton a school up to class 10, affiliated under the Central board of Secondary
product is connected to a chain of im- Education, India (CBSE) and “Welspun Anganvadi”, a pre-primary school for
pacts on the water resources in the children has been set up for children of Welspun employees and local fami-
countries where cotton is grown and lies.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
processed –mainly dry regions. These
impacts of cotton production on the
environment are easily visible and have
different faces. On the one hand there
are the effects of water depletion. On
the other, the effects on water quality".

The consumption of a cotton product


is connected to a chain of impacts on
the water resources in the countries
where cotton is grown and processed.
It is important to assess the 'water foot-
print' of worldwide cotton consumption,
identifying both the location and the
character of the impacts. There are
three types of impact: evaporation of
infiltrated rainwater for cotton growth
(green water use), withdrawal of
ground- or surface water for irrigation
or processing (blue water use) and Dr. P.R. Roy, Immediate Past President of the Textile Association (India)
water pollution during growth or pro- and a renowned textile management consultant
cessing. The latter impact is quantified
in terms of the dilution volume neces-
sary to assimilate the pollution.

For the period 1997-2001 the study


shows that the worldwide consumption
of cotton products requires 256 Gm3
of water per year, out of which about
42% is blue water, 39% green water
and 19% dilution water. Impacts are
typically cross-border. About 84% of the
water footprint of cotton consumption
in the EU25 region is located outside
Europe, with major impacts particularly
in India and Uzbekistan. Given the gen-
eral lack of proper water pricing mecha-
nisms or other ways of transmitting
production-information, cotton consum-
ers have little incentive to take respon-
sibility for the impacts on remote wa-
ter systems. Dr. Ramkumar Seshadri, Associate Professor of Nonwoven Materials at
The Institute of Environmental and Human Health at Texas Tech University,
India is playing an ever-important role USA being felicitated by the Textile Association (India)-Ahmedabad Unit
in the world’s cotton market. Set to on receiving the prestigious “Scientist of the Year” award for his invention
bypass the United States and become “FIBERTECT” decontamination wipe by the Lubbock chapter of Achieve-
the world’s second largest producer of ment Rewards for College Scientists Foundation (ARCS). ARCS is a na-
cotton in 2007, India has seen its cot- tional body with a mission to Advance Science in America.
ton sector undergo critical changes in
recent years. doubled from 11 million bales to 23 needs for cotton, making India the third
million bales. India is expected to over- largest exporter of cotton – most of
Ever since the government of India take the U.S. as the world’s second which goes to China.
authorized the commercialization of Bt largest cotton producer in 2007. The
cotton in 2002, cotton production has recent increase in Indian cotton pro- Only five years ago, India’s cotton ex-
soared. From 2002 to 2006, production duction has outpaced the domestic ports were insignificant.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Dr. Seshadri Ramkumar of Texas Tech University, who
supervises the Nonwovens and Advanced Materials Labo-
ratory at the Institute of Environmental and Human Health
at Texas Tech, has also been playing a vital role for the
promotion, growth and international linkages in technical
textiles in India. He was in Ahmedabad to deliver his lec-
ture on "Technical Textiles : Opportunities Unlimited" and
also to hold top level meetings with the govt. officials in
the industries department as the State wants to take a
lead in the production and promotion of technical textiles
by opening centres of excellence in this fast emerging
and promising field.

Non-woven technology involves no weaving or spinning.


The raw material on one end of the machine and the fabric
comes out of the other. Non-woven fabric is made by put-
ting together small fibers in a sheet or a web and then
binding them together, either mechanically with an adhe-
sive or using heat.

Non-weaving machines are 2,000 times faster than weav-


ing machines and these fibers are used for disposable
products like filters, and medical garments among others.

Non-woven technology has environmental merits, too. "We


experimented with bio-degradable produce as well as coir,
cotton and jute and this technology is flexible to natural
fibers too," he said.

Ramkumar aims to promote the non-woven textile indus-


try in India. Since 2004 he has been making efforts to
grow the non-woven and technical textile industry base in
India.
Dr. Ramkumar Seshadri making his presentation on
He said the textiles industry in India is second only to " Technical Textiles : Opportunities Unlimited.
agriculture in economic importance, given that it employs
try, which is more than twice the annual 5 to 6 percent ex-
35 million people. India imports 60 percent of the non-
pected growth patterns in the United States and Europe.
woven material it needs from countries like Taiwan, Ko-
rea, China and the US.
The report titled India Rising: Opportunities in Nonwovens
But he noted that India has taken aggressive steps to and Technical Textiles, show the growth and potential of India's
produce more of it. It has created a national mission for it technical textile industry and the consumption of nonwoven
and has allocated $170 million to the industry. Already, technical textiles from 2007-2050. That report was published
Ramkumar said, India has initiated steps to establish four in Nonwovens Industry and Textile World Asia.
centers of excellence: medical textiles, geotextiles,
agrotextiles and protective textiles. This offers a business "In this era of globalisation, such a study will be useful for
opportunity for US and European textile industries to ex- the US textile industries to seek joint ventures and collabo-
pand into -- and seek new markets. ration with the emerging market," Ramkumar said. "By 2035,
the growth rate of the nonwoven and technical textile indus-
"The value added textiles sector is a highly profitable one. try will be exponential. However, with the new government
But only a few companies are in the field in India. What we initiatives in India, the growth rate will be even faster."
need is collaboration with foreign countries,' he said.
Ramkumar was honored last year with the Top Twenty Under
In a recent study, Ramkumar and another researcher, 40 Award for his achievements in inventing a non-woven
Appachi Arunachalam, predicted a yearly growth of 13.3 military wipe by the Young Professionals of Greater Lub-
percent for India's non-woven and technical textile indus- bock.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
The non-woven military wipe can be
used to protect and clean soldiers and
military aircraft that have been con-
taminated with lethal chemicals. The
wipe technology, developed at Texas
Tech, has been proved to be one of
the best dry wipe technologies avail-
able.

He also serves as the co-chairman of


the Association of the Nonwoven Fab-
rics Industry's India committee. The
textiles sector in India will be more
important in the future and innovations
in this field are vital, he said. Currently
the sector involves $55 billion; by 2020,
it will grow up to $115 billion.

"My immediate mission is to promote


the growth of the technical textile in-
Ms. Panna Trivedi, Sr. Manager - Design and Development, Reliance In-
dustry in India which will be worth 15
dustries Ltd., Ahmedabad made her presentation on " CAD in Textile : A
billion dollars by 2012. I plan to do this
Tool for Creativity and Growth" .
by bringing many international players
to India and establish collaborations
with institutes and organisations," he
said.

Dr. N.N. Mahapatra, Vice President


(Tech. Marketing), Hind Prakash
Lonsen Ind. Ltd., Ahmedabad, in his
presentation on "Textile Dyes : Scope
and Challenges" stressed the need for
using cleaner production technologies
and newer dyes and chemical products
that lead to energy saving and help in
controlling air and water pollution. He
also emphasised on the need to
closely monitor small little things in
house keeping and floor plant that can
considerably help in achieving
sustainability and improved overall
working of the plant.
Lonsen Plant
Lonsen Plant
Introducing appropriate residues to the
molecule of a reactive dye can increase
its UV-protection properties. The col-
oration of cellulose fabrics with the use
of specially tailored dyes could elimi-
nate the necessity of using additional
UV-absorber auxiliaries, and therefore
decrease the number of chemicals
used in the dyehouse. This fact should
be considered when designing new re-
active dyes;

Technological developments have

NCM-JANUARY 2010
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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
broadened the scope of applications
of the textile fibres. High performance
Textiles are gaining importance day by
day due to their versatile applications
in endless areas. The advent of areas
like Geo – Textiles, Industry, and Build-
ing – construction, Medical field,

Automotives, Agriculture, Sports,


Clothing, and Packaging have widened
the reign of textile fibres.

Shri Ashish Saraf, MD, Inter Continen-


tal Industries, Mumbai made a detailed
and demonstrative presentation on
"Textile Auxiliaries : Technological De-
velopments and Opportunities".

Shri Saraf gave details of the new novel


products of his company that have been Shri Ashish Saraf, MD, Inter Continental Industries, Mumbai
introduced in the Indian market for the
first time in order to address the global
issues of environment and
sustainability. According to Shri Saraf,
the first component emphasizes the
quality of the products which in turn,
emphasizes the importance of pro-
cessing control, material and energy
saving, quality assurance and total
quality management, and improving
production environment to comply with
ISO and ECO requirements.

The second component is concerned


with increased productivity. In addition
to the output of the first component,
the second component will make use
of the R and D activities, as well as
supportive services and extension
services to achieve products diversifi-
cation as per the market demand, in- Shri Priyesh G. Shah, MD, Sagar Group, Ahmedabad
novative products and cost reduction
of current production. certain desirable properties and also stant absorbency, soft and fluffy feel
the use of electro-catalytic degrada- and as an accelerator to the conven-
Some of the other areas of research tion of dissolved dyes in textile waste tional enzyme.
are : The use of biological methods in water treatment.
the wet processing of textile, develop- The other products highlighted by Shri
ment of dyeing of cotton and polyes- Shri Saraf, with his technical team, Saraf included : Vitamin E, Silkytouch,
ter/cotton blends, synthesis of new demonstrated the effectiveness of his Odoguard, Urethane Finish, Ozone
polymeric materials for use as thick- company's premium product called inhibitor, Gas Fading Inhibitor,
eners in pigment printing and in reac- 'Intramine - HL' which showed excel- Mosquitto Repellent, Durable Press
tive printing to substitute kerosene/ lent water absorbency. This product is Finish and Sulphur Tender Guard
water emulsion and sodium alginate highly recommended for better among others. The company offers
respectively. Then there is the final desizing, perfect scouring, excellent speciality chemicals for paper and
chemical finishing of textiles to impart whiteness, level and bright dyeing, in- leather industries also.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Shri Priyesh G. Shah, MD, Sagar
Group, Ahmedabad gave his presen-
tation on "Weaving Machinery : Cur-
rent Trends and Innovations."

With an insight for innovation,


multitalented work force and as a young
visionary working for more than 50
world reputed Principals in the textile
machinery field from about 40 coun-
tries, Shri Priyesh Shah was one of
the ablest speakers to throw light on
the latest innovations taking place
around the globe and also being
adopted by different key players.

Shri Shah discussed in detail the high


speed air jet and water jet weaving
looms and a host of other machineries
such as roving, ring spinning frame and Shri Soham Mehta, MD, AdventEnvirocare Technology Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad
compact spinning system, warping & spoke on " Textile Effluent : Treatment and Recycling"
sizing machines etc. Shri Shah
ADVENT is one of the very few companies in the field of environmental engineer-
stressed the need for modernisation of ing, with process know-how and field experience in complete spectrum of related
the weaving industry in view of the technologies using physical-chemical treatment, advanced biological treatment,
availability of very high speed air/wa- chemical oxidation, filtration, membrane separation, thermal evaporation, vacuum
ter jet looms that lead to considerable evaporation and incineration. ADVENT develops innovative treatment approaches
cost saving and hence increase com- using both conventional and emerging technologies based on applied research
petitiveness of the enterprise. He de- and basic engineering know-how.
scribed latest high speed air jet looms
ADVENT undertakes Pollution Control and Water Treatment Projects with scope
offered by Toyota Industries Corpora- of work convenient to the customers, be it single-point turn-key responsibility to
tion - Japan which offer lot of energy just the consulting services and supplies.
saving and lowest production cost of
eight paise per pick. Turnkey Project Contracts(EPCC) : ADVENT can provide complete services
from concept to commissioning including engineering, procurement, construc-
As one of the best selling Air Jet Loom, tion and operation of treatment systems. This can be provided for new and up-
graded systems or components also. ADVENT has associates to jointly execute
its key features are high speed, less
large projects like CETP’s on turn-key basis.
vibration and reduced air consumption,
greater flexibility & state -of- the-art Engineering & Package Supplies : ADVENT also undertakes design and engi-
technology. neering of treatment system and supplies, erects and commissions complete
mechanical equipment is a package. Piping and Electrical works can also be
It has also set a world standard of included, if desired.
Water Jet weaving in the 21st century. Planning and Conceptual Engineering : This involves collection of baseline in-
Improved quality, easy handing, lower formation, data evaluation, testing, treatability studies, technology screening, de-
operating cost and broader weaving velopment of treatment alternatives and process optimization. This is generally
range are some of its key features. followed by development of Basic Engineering Package.

Similarly, Toyota RX240 NEW-EST Contract Operations : ADVENT also undertakes Commissioning, Operations,
Maintenance & Troubleshooting Contracts of self-executed projects, including
Compact Spinning System, equipped
plant upgrades. The scope may cover complete O & M to just providing technical
with their proven unique compact spin- support.
ning system offers exceptionally high
quality yarns that exceeds the capa- Environmental Audits & Permitting : The Environmental Audit covers water, air
bilities of conventional ring spinning and solid discharges from the industry, their characterization, extent of treatment
systems. Toyota New FL200 ideal Rov- and ultimate fate. This helps in developing Environmental Management System
ing Frame, one that enables anyone to and initiates measures like Source Control and Cleaner Technology. Permitting
involves getting necessary clearances from the respective authorities
spin high-quality roving at high speeds.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Newly developed four motor drive, the
latest in servo technology, combined
with the synergy of a high-performance
tension controller the FL-200 ensures
one rank above all others in every as-
pect of performance, productivity, op-
erability & roving quality.

Shri Jignesh Shroff, Director, Mayur


Reeds & Healds Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad
talked on "Role of Textile Machinery
Accessories Manufacturing : A Clus-
ter Approach". He gave details about
his company's activities.

Mayur Reeds And Healds Pvt. Ltd.


was established in 1994 with "Mayur"
Brand Weaving Accessories. Mayur's
associate manufacturing units are Atul
Enterprise, Tina Reeds Mfg. Co., who Shri Jignesh Shroff, Director, Mayur Reeds & Healds Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad
have been manufacturing and selling
the "MAYUR" Brand Weaving Acces-
sories from last 25 years in India and
abroad.

Mayur manufactures all metal reeds,


metallic heald frames, riderless flat
healds, flat steel healds, twin wire
healds (twisted & inserted type ), drop
pins, warpers & weavers beams and
cloth rolls weaving preparatory items
for all types of Weaving machines.

Mayur has a nationwide network of


Agents and Dealers in India and also
overseas.

"Mayur" Brand Weaving Accessories


are made as per the International Stan-
dards. Mayur has a well equipped qual-
ity control department with fully quali-
fied, dedicated engineers with long Shri A.R. Garde, Former Director, ATIRA, speaking on " Indian Spinning
experience. The quality is controlled Industry : An Overview"
right from raw materials to finished
product at each stage of manufacture. Indian Spinning Industry has gone from strength to strength since a very long time
now as it was the hub of cotton manufacturing. Cotton is not only consumed to the
Mayur offers quality products at rea- highest extent in India but it has also become one of the most profitable textiles in
sonable rates with prompt delivery and the export industry. Spinning in India can be classified into 2 categories: medium
and long staple. But there was a shortfall in the ‘extra-long’category that contin-
services. In a short span of 25 years,
ued for many years. The development of new varieties of seeds and adopting the
the overwhelming customer response
advanced procedure of cultivation will add to the profit in the cotton textile sector
has transformed Mayur into one of the of the spinning industry. The yarn spinning industry covers almost 25 percent of
leading manufacturers of textile weav- the total industrial production of one of the world's 10 largest economies.
ing accessories in India. Mayur has
customers spread across South East Shri Garde is actively working to provide an effective on line solution to check the
Asia, Middle East Asia, Europe & Af- various quality parameters that influence the spinning process and the yarn qual-
ity. An important announcement to this effect is expected from him very soon.
rica.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Shri Navneet Krishnan, Manager
(Business Development), ATE Enter-
prise Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, spoke on
"Dyeing, Printing & Finishing Machin-
eries - Challenges Ahead"
Textile is one of the basic needs for
mankind. For a primitive human being,
textile was needed to cover himself,
protect him against extreme weather
and so on. With progress in time and
with the advent of renaissance, hu-
mans started exploiting resources and
started setting-up textile industries.
Today we find the technologies to be
obsolete although at that time it was
still a novel technology. Mankind has
witnessed the growth in textile indus-
try from time immemorial and till to-
day exists as one the basic needs for The Textile Association (India) - Ahmedabad Unit office bearers alongwith the
humans. But today, the industry is not guests releasing the Souvenir on the occasion of the one-day conference on
only producing textiles to cover but it " Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability and Growth" at the University
is used as fashion statements with Ground in Ahmedabad alongside the 'Engimach' exhibition.
many leading brands being preferred
by us and variegated textile products Sh r i Nav n eet
Navneet Krishnan
to choose from. This has put tremen- Krishnan - with a
B .Tec h . d eg r ee
dous pressure on the textile supply
from UDCT and
chain and processing in particular. o ver 8 y ears o f
With the shift in textile processing in- experience in the
i n d u s t ry - l ec -
dustries from West to Asian continents,
tures at ICT (for-
India and China are considered to be merly UDCT) as a
potential players in processing. Indian visting faculty to
textile processing industry does have f i n al y ear s t u -
plenty of challenges to be addressed dent s on tex tile
as it moves ahead in its quest to p r o c es s h o u s e
achieve the pinnacle. Undoubtedly, the management. He
processing sector has started adopt- was also invited
ing technologies that try to counter the t o d el i v er l ec -
tures at DKTE on
challenges but the pace with which this
recen t d ev elo p-
is happening is definitely a matter of ments in texti le
concern. processing.

The recent decade has witnessed un- His presentation


desirable side effects of air, water and dealt with specific
land pollutions and to certain extent challenges faced
also contributing to global warming. by the textile pro-
Unfortunately, we cannot exclude tex- cessing machin-
tile processing industry from the list ery manufactur-
and processing industry has its share i n g s ec t o r an d
in the mentioned effects of industrial- text il e proc es s-
ing industry. The
ization. As a result, many countries
lacunas in its ap-
across the globe have developed strin- p l i c at i o n t ec h -
gent standards which need to be n o l o g i es w er e
adopted by the Indian textile industry also focused.
in order to sustain and move further.

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
Shri Shaishav Shah, MD, Grafin India
Inc. - a young chemical engineer from
DDIT - made an effective presentation
on "Speciality Chemicals : Functional-
ity & Sustainability".

Textile industry today is traversing


through a transition phase "From Con-
ventional to Hygeinic & Ecofriendly
Textiles". The journey is drifted mainly
by two factors:

1. Fashion
2. Eco Trend

Textile innovation not confined to su-


perficial effects only but also actually
taking place at every stage of textile
production starting from raw cotton pro-
duce, fibre, fabric to garment. Shri Shaishav Shah, MD, Grafin India Inc. - a young and bright chemi-
cal engineer from DDIT - speaking at the Conference.
Cotton :
Shri Shaishav Shah, MD, Grafin India Inc. obtained B.E. degree in Chemical
In recent years organic cotton has been Engineering, from DDIT, Nadiad in 1994. Despite having inherited a well
replacing the conventional cotton pro- established family business of chemicals since 1976, he preferred working
duce for its skin hygiene properties. in different industries for 2-3 years and gained valuable experience. In 1997,
The fabric made up of organic cotton he joined the family organisation. He then carried out what can be termed as
is processed with very selective a visionary diversification in the field of textile chemicals with the objective
chemicals only in order to retain the to enhance competitiveness of Indian textile industry in global market with
hygiene. high quality and concentrated perfomance chemicals.
Fibres : Grafin started imports of speciality concentrates for textile processing in-
dustry from various countries including Germany, Taiwan, China, Turkey,
Innovations in research and develop-
Indonesia, etc. which later led to the establishment of 'Garfin' brand (Garfin
ment have developed many innovative
Technologies Pvt. Ltd.).
fibres in recent few years. Some ex-
amples of these are : In 2006, Garfin Technologies Pvt. Limited, in collabration with Rudolf Chemie
GmbH & Co KG of Germany, set up state-of-the-art production facility and
- Anti-Bacterial Fibres
a modern laboratory for speciality textile chemicals at Padra, Vadodara in
- Flame Retardant/Heat Protection Gujarat. This provided Grafin an invaluable technological expertise and tech-
Fibres nical experience from it's German partner.
- Moisture Management& Skin
The company revived it's Garfin brand and established Garfin India Inc. in
Hygeine
2008. The business line was the same but the company provided more
- Bullet Proof Jackets And Industrial thrust towards global competence and competitiveness. The core business
Wear team was strenghthened with more professionals and technical experts in
- Skin Comforts & Elegance staff as well as in advisory board. The company also established an effec-
tive distribution network across the country.
Some of the trendy products from
Garfin for value additions of textiles are Today, Grafin secializes in enzymes and silicones. It offers an outperform-
: Freshness (Garzin &Gispel); Anti-Mi- ing range of various functional chemicals for textile, leather, paper and
crobial, Anti-Fungal (Garcid); Mosquito gaIvanizing industries, such as flame resistant, silicate replacements, metal
Repellent(Gispel); UV Absorber cleanser, silicone specialties, etc.
(Gispel); Water-Oil-Soil Repellent CF6
Shri Shaishav Shah has an active involvement in technical product design,
(Garepel); Flame Retardant (Garflam)
production streamlining and overall quality controls.
Fragrance (Gispel).

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TAI Conference On Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability & Growth
ATIRA Ginning Service Center (spon-
sored by Govt. of Gujarat) has been set
up with the following objectives : to set
facilities for testing of kapas and Cotton
lint and critical part of the machinery used
in the ginning and pressing factories of
Gujarat; to prepare training manually/
material including do’s and donts for the
ginning industry; to prepare audio visual
aids like slides, photographic, and video
cossets for workers, operators and su-
pervisory staff and to improve work prac-
tices/ culture by educating the persons
working in ginning. The Center is engaged
in educating ginning people i.e. owners,
managers, fitters/ helpers etc. and en-
couraging the industry to capture the ex-
port market. It also provides full assistance
in selection/certification of cotton bales
for Indian as well as abroad textile mills.

The Center's services are aimed at : Shri P.H. Shah of ATIRA made a presentation on " Ginning : Ways and
1. Improving quality of cotton in terms of Means to Reduce Cotton Processing Cost"
fibre rupture, neps and contamination
2. Providing cotton testing on modern 4. Improving ginning productivity, cotton
including trash content by providing
equipment in NABL accredited labs. realization and saving in power con-
uidance to ginning units being mod-
sumption.
ernized under Technology Mission on 3. Establishing Educational Diploma
Cotton (TMC) Scheme, Govt. of India. course on ‘Ginning Technology’.

The Full Team of The Textile Association (India) - Ahmedabad Unit that made the Confer-
ence On "Textile Industry : Innovations for Sustainability and Growth" a Great Success

Sitting (L-R) : A.D. Bhagat, K.J. Patel, B.A. Shah, R.R. Agrawal, B.V. Shah, H.J. Patel, T. L. Patel, V.A. Trivedi,
A.D. Patel, M.S. Patel and I.M. Bhandari
Standing (L-R) : K.D. Khatri, M.G. Shah, H.C. Shah, P.V. Patel, R.J. Shah and J.N. Shukla
Absent : H.A. Patel, R.M. Soni, H.S. Patel, J.H. Patel, A.I. Thakkar and A. K. Patel

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