You are on page 1of 6

APPENDIKS

1.

Perhitungan massa Input :


massa total moisture

= 28% x 85
= 23,8 ton/jam

%massa volatile

x 100%

= 48,27%
%massa fix carbon

x 100%

= 48,27%
%massa ash content

x 100%

= 10,65%
Total massa input

= 23,8 + 41.0295 + 11.118 + 9.0525


= 85 ton/jam

Total massa output tanpa ash cotent

= 85 - 9.0525
= 75.9475 ton/jam

%massa C

x 100%

= 45.01%
%massa H2

x 100%

= 5.83%
%massa O2

x 100%

= 48.08%
%massa N2

x 100%

= 0.93%
%massa S2

x 100%

= 0.15%
Total massa

= 34.18396975 + 4.42773925 + 36.515558 + 0.7063 + 0.1139


= 75.9475 ton/jam

2.

Perhitungan massa Output :


massa total moisture

= 14% x 71.1627907
= 9.962790698 ton/jam

massa volatile

= 58% x 71.1627907
= 41.0295 ton/jam

massa fix carbon

= 16% x 71.1627907
= 11.118 ton/jam

massa ash content

= 13% x 71.1627907
= 9.0525 ton/jam

Total massa output

= 9.962790698 + 41.0295 + 11.118 + 9.0525


= 71.1627907 ton/jam

%massa C

x 100%

= 45.01%
%massa H2

x 100%

= 5.83%
%massa O2

x 100%

= 48.08%
%massa N2

x 100%

= 0.93%
%massa S2

x 100%

= 0.15%
Total massa

= 27.9558 + 3.621 + 29.863 + 0.5776 + 0.0932


= 71.1627907 ton/jam

3.

Perhitungan Neraca Massa Total :


massa masuk

= massa keluar

75.9475

= massa fase padat + massa uap air

75.9475

= 71.1627907 + massa uap air

massa uap air

= 75.9475 - 71.1627907

massa uap air

= 13.83721 ton/jam

4.

Mencari Cp Pada Input :


Cp untuk C

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 11.18 + 1.10E-02 (303 - 298) + (-4.89E-05 (3032 2982)) + 0
= 5.03E+01

Cp untuk H2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 28.84 + 7.65E-05 (303 - 298) + 3.29E-06 (3032 2982))+
(-8.70E-10 (3033 2983))
= 1.46E+02

Cp untuk O2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 29.1+ 1.16E-02 (303 - 298) + (-6.08E-06 (3032 2982)) +
1.31E-09 (3033 2983)
= 1.46E+02

Cp untuk N2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 29 + 2.20E-03 (303 - 298) + 5.72E-06 (3032 2982) +
(-2.87E-09 (3033 2983))
= 1.50E+02

Cp untuk S2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 15.2 + 2.68E-02 (303 - 298)
= 1.16E+02

5.

Mencari Cp pada output :


Cp untuk C

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 11.18 + 1.10E-02 (308 - 303) + (-4.89E-05 (3082 3032)) + 0
= 4.98E+01

Cp untuk H2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 28.84 + 7.65E-05 (308 - 303) + 3.29E-06 (3082 3032))+
(-8.70E-10 (3083 3033))
= 1.46E+02

Cp untuk O2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 29.1+ 1.16E-02 (308 - 303) + (-6.08E-06 (3082 3032)) +
1.31E-09 (3083 3033)
= 1.61E+02

Cp untuk N2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 29 + 2.20E-03 (308 - 303) + 5.72E-06 (3082 3032) +
(-2.87E-09 (3083 3033))
= 1.51E+02

Cp untuk S2

= a + bT + cT2 + dT3
= 15.2 + 2.68E-02 (308 - 303)
= 1.17E+02

5.

Perhitungan Neraca Panas Input :


Q untuk C

= m x cp x t
= 34.18 x 5.03E+01 x 5
= 8.59E+03 KJ

Q untuk H2

= m x cp x t
= 34.18 x 1.46E+02 x 5
= 8.59E+03 KJ

Q untuk O2

= m x cp x t
= 34.18 x 1.60E+02 x 5
= 8.59E+03 KJ

Q untuk N2

= m x cp x t
= 34.18 x 1.50E+02 x 5
= 8.59E+03 KJ

Q untuk S2

= m x cp x t
= 34.18 x 1.16E+02 x 5
= 8.59E+03 KJ

Q udara kering

= m x cp x t
= 50 x 9.80E-01 x 5
= 1.11E+04 KJ

Total Q input

= 8.59E+03 + 8.59E+03 + 8.59E+03 + 8.59E+03 + 1.11E+04


= 5.28E+04 KJ

5.

Perhitungan Neraca Panas Output :


Q untuk C

= m x cp x t
= 27.96 x 4.98E+01 x 5
= 6.96E+03 KJ

Q untuk H2

= m x cp x t
= 3.62 x 1.46E+02 x 5
= 2.64E+03 KJ

Q untuk O2

= m x cp x t
= 29.86 x 1.61E+02 x 5
= 2.40E+04 KJ

Q untuk N2

= m x cp x t
= 0.58 x 1.51E+02 x 5
= 4.35E+02 KJ

Q untuk S2

= m x cp x t
= 0.09 x 1.17E+02 x 5
= 5.45E+01 KJ

Q udara kering

= m x cp x t
= 50 x 9.80E-01 x t
= 49t KJ

Q uap air

= m x cp x t
= 13.84 x 4.2 x t
= 58.128t KJ

6.

7.

8.

Perhitungan Q air out :


QInput

= QOutput

Qcoal in + Qair in

= Qcoal out + Qair out

4.17E+04 + 1.11E+04

= 2.75E+06 + Qair out

Qair out

= 1.88E+04

Perhitungan Perhitungan t, pada Qair out :


Qair out

= Qair + Qwater vapour

1.88E+04

= 49t + 58.128t

107.128t

= 1.88E+04

= 318 oK

= 45 oC

Perhitungan Takhir, pada Qair out :


t

= Takhir - Tawal

45

= Takhir - 25

Takhir = 70 oC