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Hatch has successfully used a phased approach for the execution of major projects for more

than 80 years.
In each phase Hatch plans carefully for quality outcomes and zero harm to employees and
contractors.
The diagram to the right shows the four major phases of project development through Hatchs
Project LifeCycle Process. This staged approach to project development has proven to reduce
risk and deliver predictable outcomes on projects.
In FEL 1, in conjunction with the client, Hatch reviews concepts, processes, equipment
needs, recent technology developments, site suitability, and the likely costs of each viable
concept.
In FEL 2, the strongest option is selected and more fully developed through the pre-feasibility
study. Basic design and equipment costs and availability are carefully assessed.
In FEL 3, with the formal approval of the client team and board of directors, careful planning,
detail design, and contract commitments for the procurement of technologies and equipment
are undertaken.
In FEL 4, process systems are designed and the facilities are constructed and commissioned.

Basic & Detail Engineering Services


A combination of a highly dedicated, industry skilled team with cutting edge technical tools
and expertise utilizing more than 90 different state-of-the-art software enables Ingenero to
provide design and engineering services to our clients, customized to meet their targets.
Ingeneros highly experienced engineers have extensive process engineering expertise in oil
and gas, refining, gasification, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and specialty chemicals.
Ingenero's engineering team has successfully performed over 3 million man hours in projects
of various sizes and scope over the past few years. Ingenero's most popular engineering
delivery modes are:

Engineering excellence centre for EPC contractors.

Engineering for Green and Brown fields projects.

Engineering excellence centre for EPC contractors Ingenero serves as a seamless part of
engineering divisions of EPC companies, either through remote engineering services or a
dedicated, on-site engineering service team. Our remote satellite office setup specifically for
catering to clients needs provides best cost country advantage to several engineering
conglomerates and manufacturing companies world wide. The typical work flow for the
Engineering excellence center:

Engineering for Green and Brown fields projects Ingenero provides end-to-end
engineering solutions that combine leading edge technology with a best practices approach
where highly qualified engineers routinely optimize designs. We provide assemblage of
customized engineering services to meet diversified needs of our Process Industry clients.
Ingeneros process engineering offerings encompass:

Conceptual Design

Basic Engineering Design

Front End Engineering Design

Detail Engineering Design

Conceptual Design The conceptual design is a study phase in which ideas and possibilities
are evaluated. This phase results in a basic process concept, a preliminary schedule and a
rough cost estimate. At Ingenero, we evaluate the process to assess its technical feasibility
and economic viability for developing project scope as well as providing a well defined
starting point for a more detailed process design.
Ingeneros Concept designing covers:

Literature Survey

Development of an Idea from scratch

Concept development

Conceptualization of Process Schemes

Concept refinement

Preliminary Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

Overall Heat and Material Balance (HMB)

Conceptual Layout

Order of Magnitude Cost

Basic Engineering The basic engineering services offered by Ingenero consist of core
documentation of projects, including process flow diagrams, heat & mass balances, piping
and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs), control & operational philosophy, basic equipment
sizing, equipment specifications, conceptual equipment layout, etc.
Ingeneros basic engineering covers:

Conceptual process studies (material balances, process flow-sheets,)

Preliminary plot plan.

Freezing the Master Layout of the Plant.

Definition and sizing of main equipment resulting in process specifications.

Preliminary Piping and Instrument Diagrams.

Utility consumption figures.

Schematic drawing of equipments on each floor.

Definition of control and safety devices.

Analysis and sizing of Safety Valve.

Control valve hydraulics & process specifications.

Front End Engineering Design (FEED): Ingeneros extensive experience facilitates the
client to have a FEED that reflects all technical specific requirements and avoid any
significant changes during execution of the same.
Ingeneros FFED packages cover:

Basis of Design.

Feasibility Study.

Preparation of the specification.

Mechanical data sheets of the main equipment, starting from the process
specifications issued during the BED and incorporating the specific requirements of
codes and standards to be applied to the project.

Development of process and utility Piping and Instrument Diagrams released for
detail engineering.

Preparation of tender packages for the main equipment.

Development of detailed plot plans and hazardous areas.

Elaboration of the main piping, instrument, electrical and civil works layouts.

Carrying out all the studies to be performed before ordering the main equipment.

Detail Engineering Detail engineering includes the extraction of all the essential information
from all the basic engineering drawings and calculations to provide the exact drawings in
detail for all production, fabrication & erection items and in turn the details of entire project
along with the precise bill of quantities and specifications for each of the equipment.
Ingeneros detail engineering covers:

Equipment List.

Process data sheet.

Reconfirmation of the process and mechanical design of all equipment Detailed


specifications for vendor supplied items such as pumps, compressors, etc.

Management of vendor drawings.

Thermal rating and vibration analysis of heat exchangers.

Piping and Instrument Diagrams.

Trip Logic and safeguards.

Cause and Effect Diagrams.

Review of P& ID - Jointly with Client.

Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP)

Line List.

Valve List.

Control valve data sheet.

Relief valve data sheet.

Planning and piping design.

Detailed piping drawings, including isometrics and stress calculations.

Bill of Quantity (BOQ).

Tender Bid evaluation and procurement assistance.

Detailed drawings and documents related to instrumentation, electrical facilities and


civil works. Schedule and cost control.

Start up procedures, Operating and Commissioning manuals.

Commissioning and Start-up assistance

Field inspection of equipment, pipes, instruments, relief valves

Water Flushing and hydro-testing

Air Blowing and Pneumatic Pressure Testing.

Testing of Motor drives

Stroking of Control Valves

Testing of Control Loops

Test runs of Rotating Equipment

Nitrogen Purging

Pickling / Passivation

Feed Cut in

1. Basic Engineering Design (BED) covering:

Conceptual process studies (material balances, process flowsheets,) and preliminary


plot plan.

Preliminary Piping and Instrument Diagrams.

Definition and sizing of main equipment resulting in process specifications.

Specification of effluents.

Definition of control and safety devices.

And, generally speaking, all the basic studies required to support a Basic Engineering
Design Package (BEDP) containing all data needed by a competent contractor to
perform the Detail Engineering.

These basic engineering studies may consist of consolidating a Process Package initiated by
an external process licensor.
2. Front End Engineering Design (FEED) covering:

Mechanical data sheets of the main equipment, starting from the process
specifications issued during the BED and incorporating the specific requirements of
codes and standards to be applied to the project in question.

Thermal rating of heat exchangers.

Preparation of tender packages for the main equipment.

Development of process and utility Piping and Instrument Diagrams released for
detail engineering.

Development of detailed plot plans and hazardous areas.

Elaboration of the main piping, instrument, electrical and civil works layouts.

And, generally speaking, all the studies to be performed before ordering the main
equipment.

3. Detail Engineering, covering:

Purchasing of equipment, main and bulk.

Thermal rating of heat exchangers.

Development of Piping and Instrument Diagrams released for construction.

Development of detailed piping drawings, including isometrics and stress


calculations.

Development of detailed drawings related to instrumentation, electrical facilities and


civil works.

Management of vendor drawings.

Cost and schedule control.

Start-up procedures.

And, generally speaking, all the studies to be performed before construction of the plant.

2.1.1 Business Planning FEL 1

Before starting a project, the pipeline owner/investor (the body funding the project) must
prove the economic viability and need for the project i.e. will the project produce the required
revenues and profit? This phase captures the reasoning behind initiating the project and can
take considerable time to prepare.
FEL 1 includes:

Business case

Strategic objectives

Economic analysis

Project expectations

Market analysis

Competitors review

Environmental constraints

2.1.2 Facility Planning FEL 2

The purpose of FEL 2 facility planning (sometimes referred to as feasibility, preliminary, or


pre-FEED), is to ensure the selection of an optimum solution and put some details behind the
project. Here we can confirm the physical viability and anticipated cost of a project before
any unnecessary time and energy is wasted. This stage of the plan can take from 2-6 months
depending on project complexity.
FEL 2 facility planning includes the review of:

Environmental and social issues

Routing

Pipeline dimensions (OD, WT, length)

In-line facilities (pumps/compressor stations)

Regulatory and governmental requirements

Preliminary schedules

Led by the owner, developer or an appointed and experienced engineering contractor, these
issues are performed by a joint team and should include a range of technical, engineering,
environmental, social and legal specialists. The level of cost estimate at this point is typically
+/-30%.

2.1.3 Project Planning FEL 3

Project planning or the FEED phase looks to develop the approved selected solution by
narrowing the cost estimate to +/-15% and achieving a higher level of development schedule.
At this point any project showstoppers would have been identified as part of the
environmental and social impact assessment process and suitable mitigation measures agreed
with the relevant stakeholders (as part of the project consent). It is only when consent has
been granted that project sanction takes place and particularly since it is then possible to
place material orders for long lead items (LLIs) at this stage so as to meet the development
schedule. Project planning could take from 6-12 months depending on the complexity of
project and the environment through which it is routed. If the pipeline has not managed to
avoid sensitive environments, timescales for the FEL process can be extended by many
months whilst detailed ecological or cultural studies are performed
In comparison with plant projects, the cost of FEL developments for a pipeline project are
typically lower, except for possibly international cross-border pipelines or complex systems
such as high temperature pipelines (design temperature > 70C), high pressure pipelines
(design pressure > 200 bars), or fast track projects.
However, whilst the cost of the development activity is lower, it is still significant and often
underestimated. Pipeline project facility planning (FEL 2) for example can range from one
third to three quarters of the activity associated with plant developments. However, the time
taken can in certain circumstances be longer.