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Questions in Heat, Thermodynamics and Gases

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True

A)

False

B)

2 Two objects are said to be in thermal equilibrium if and only if they are at the same

temperature.

True

A)

False

B)

3 Twenty Celsius degrees represents the same temperature interval as twenty kelvins.

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

5 When a temperature interval is converted from Rankine degrees to kelvins, the number of

Rankine degrees should be multiplied by 5/9.

True

A)

False

B)

temperature in degrees Celsius, the number is multiplied by 9/5 and added to 32.

True

A)

False

B)

7 For a given temperature interval, the same linear expansion coefficient may be used for the

same material, regardless of the choice of units for length.

True

A)

False

B)

8 For a solid disk with a hole in its center, the diameter of the disk and the diameter of the hole

will increase in length per unit length at a rate given by its linear expansion coefficient.

True

A)

False

B)

9 The volume expansion coefficient for a solid is approximately equal to 3 times the linear

expansion coefficient, but this does not represent a true equality.

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

100F

A)

212C

B)

273 K

C)

672R

D)

40 F

A)

30 K

B)

50 R

C)

20 C

D)

13 Two objects are in thermal equilibrium when they have the same

kinetic energy

A)

temperature

B)

thermal energy

C)

D)

potential energy

40F

A)

5F

B)

510R

C)

280 K

D)

temperature

A)

initial length

B)

thermal energy

C)

material

D)

16 When a flame is held to the bulb of a mercury-in-glass thermometer, the mercury level will

rise

A)

drop

B)

C)

rise and then drop

D)

-329.4F

A)

162.6R

B)

456 K

C)

-83.9F

D)

100C. The increase in length is approximately

-5

0.06 in.

A)

0.12 in.

B)

0.012 in.

C)

0.006 in.

D)

19 The area expansion coefficient for the silver bar in Question 18 is approximately

1 X 10-5/F

A)

4 X 10-5/F

B)

7.2 X 10-5/F

C)

2.2 X 10-5/F

D)

must occur to increase the volume of 16 L of the alcohol to 17 L?

-4

56.8 C

A)

1454 C

B)

53.5 C

C)

90.9 C

D)

as

23 A metal bar 1 ft in length increases its length by 0.0006 ft when its temperature is increased by

1 C. Under the same conditions, a 1-m length of the same material would increase its length

by

m.

in

per unit

change in

per degree

.

a(n)

the

27 Two fixed points often used as standards for calibration of thermometers are

the

and the

to

and

at 4C.

1 Since the Btu is based on the pound, its magnitude depends on the acceleration due to gravity.

True

A)

B)

False

True

A)

False

B)

3 It is proper to speak of the heat capacity of a penny and the specific heat capacity of copper.

True

A)

False

B)

4 The specific heat of any material is the same numerically in either the metric or British system

of units.

True

A)

False

B)

5 A unit mass of water will absorb a larger quantity of heat per degree change in temperature

than any other common substance.

True

A)

False

B)

6 Since temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy per molecule, the absorption or

emission of thermal energy is always accompanied by a change in temperature.

True

A)

False

B)

7 More than 5 times the thermal energy is required to vaporize 1 g of water than is required to

melt 1 g of ice.

True

A)

False

B)

8 Two objects that have the same heat capacity must be made of the same material.

True

A)

False

B)

9 The heat lost is equal to the heat gained unless a change of phase occurs.

True

A)

False

B)

the water equivalent of the thermometer.

True

A)

False

B)

Specific heat

A)

Heat capacity

B)

Heat of fusion

C)

Heat of combustion

D)

600 cal

A)

3 Btu

B)

0.7 kcal

C)

2200 ft * lb

D)

A change of temperature

A)

A change in kinetic energy

B)

C)

A change in heat capacity

D)

14 The specific heat of aluminum is 0.22 cal/(g * C). The quantity of heat required to change the

temperature of 10 lb of aluminum from 20 to 100F is approximately

220 Btu

A)

200 Btu

B)

176 Btu

C)

88 Btu

D)

evolves heat

A)

absorbs heat

B)

decreases in temperature

C)

sublimes

D)

6300 cal

A)

7200 cal

B)

720 cal

C)

1350 cal

D)

17 If 50 g of aluminum shot (c = 0.22) is heated to 100C and dropped into 200 g of water at

20C, the equilibrium temperature (neglecting other heat transfers) is approximately

24C

A)

26C

B)

34C

C)

46C

D)

18 A 50-g aluminum calorimeter cup is partially filled with 200 g of water at 20C. What mass of

copper (c = 0.093) at 100C should be added to the system for the equilibrium temperature to

be 30C?

32.4 g

A)

47.5 g

B)

324 g

C)

476 g

D)

19 For a given substance, which of the following processes transfers the largest amount of thermal

energy per unit of mass?

Fusion

A)

Vaporization

B)

Freezing

C)

Sublimation

D)

20 If 5 g of steam at 100C is mixed with 10 g of ice at 0C, the equilibrium mixture includes

3.33 g of steam and 11.67 g of water

A)

B)

C)

15 g of water

D)

21 The

of

23 The quantity of heat per unit mass of a substance required to change its temperature through

one degree is called its

change

a(n)

its

necessary to

to a(n)

at

substance required to change it from a(n)

a(n)

at its

of a

to

.

26 The

of

or

cal/g,

Btu/lb.

28 The process in which a substance changes directly from its solid phase to its vapor phase is

called

29 The quantitative relationship between thermal energy units and mechanical energy units is

called

30 The conservation of heat energy states that in any given transfer of thermal energy

the

1 The relationships that predict heat transfer are based on empirical observations and depend on

ideal conditions.

True

A)

B)

False

2 The quantity of heat transferred through a slab of area 4 ft is greater than the quantity of heat

conducted through an area of 8 ft, assuming that all other parameters are constant.

True

A)

False

B)

3 When a radiator is used to heat a room, the principal method of heat transfer warming the

room is convection.

True

A)

False

B)

4 Air-conditioning outlets in the ceiling are more efficient than those on the floor.

True

A)

False

B)

5 All objects emit electromagnetic radiation, regardless of their temperature or the temperature

of their surroundings.

True

A)

False

B)

6 An object that absorbs a large percentage of incident radiation will be a poor emitter of

radiation.

True

A)

False

B)

7 Because of a similarity in the definition of heat units, the thermal conductivities are the same

numerically in the engineering system and the metric system of units.

True

A)

False

B)

8 A body at the same temperature as its surroundings radiates and absorbs heat at the same

rate.

True

A)

False

B)

9 In a composite wall of two or more different materials, the same number of calories is

transferred per unit area per unit time through each material after time is allowed for steady

flow to be established.

True

A)

False

B)

10 The units of thermal conductivity in the metric system may be written cal * cm/(cm2 * s * C),

but the numerical value would be different.

True

A)

False

B)

11 Which of the following geometries will result in the largest convection coefficient?

Vertical plate

A)

B)

Diagonal plate

C)

D)

12 When the temperature of an object is doubled, its rate of radiation is increased by a factor of

2

A)

4

B)

C)

16

D)

13 The dead airspace between the walls of a calorimeter cup and its outside container minimizes

heat loss due to

conduction

A)

convection

B)

radiation

C)

contamination

D)

14 The rate at which heat flows through a solid plate of some materials does not depend on the

temperature difference

A)

thickness

B)

specific heat

C)

area

D)

high temperature to low temperature

A)

high pressure to low pressure

B)

C)

a point of higher emissivity

D)

16 Which of the following does not indicate heat flow as a quantity of heat per unit time?

kA t/L

A)

hA t

B)

H

C)

eT4

D)

17 The thermal conductivity of a plate is 0.01 kcal/s * m * C. The plate is 2 cm thick and has a

cross section of 4000 cm. If one side is at 150C and the other at 50C, the number of

kilocalories transferred every second is approximately

10 kcal

A)

20 kcal

B)

40 kcal

C)

80 kcal

D)

of temperature between the plate and its surroundings is 810C. How much heat is transferred

by convection from each side of the plate in 1 h if the area is 20 cm?

-4

0.206 cal

A)

12.4 cal

B)

7410 cal

C)

8410 cal

D)

19 A body having an emissivity of 0.2 and a surface area of 0.2 m is heated to 727C. The power

radiated from the surface is approximately

634 W

A)

1134 W

B)

1830 W

C)

2268 W

D)

convection coefficient

A)

thermal conductivity

B)

rate of radiation

C)

emissivity

D)

are

convection and

convection.

from

minimized by the

24 The rate at which thermal radiation is emitted from a surface varies directly with

the

25 The

power of the

value of

to a

26 The convection coefficient is not a property of the solid or fluid but depends primarily on

the

the

.

the

the

28 Copper has about twice the thermal conductivity of aluminum, but its specific heat is a little less

than half that of aluminum. A rectangular block is made from each material, so that they have

identical masses and the same surface area at their bases. Each block is heated 300C and

placed on top of a large cube of ice.The

block will sink

deeper into the ice because it has a higher

The

higher

29 The warm air over a burning fire will rise under the influence

of

currents.

30 On a cold day, a piece of iron feels colder to the touch than a piece of wood at the same

temperature because the iron has a higher

1 Provided that the mass and temperature of an ideal gas are maintained constant, the volume of

a gas is directly proportional to its absolute pressure.

True

A)

False

B)

2 If the mass and volume of a gas remain constant, doubling the pressure will also double the

temperature.

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

4 At a temperature of 273 K and a pressure of 1 atm, 1 mol of any gas will occupy a volume of

22.4 L.

True

A)

False

B)

5 Only absolute temperatures and absolute pressures can be used in applying the general gas

laws.

True

A)

False

B)

6 If the relative humidities inside and outside the house are the same, the dew points must also

be the same.

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

10 The same mass of any ideal gas will occupy the same volume at standard temperature and

pressure.

True

A)

False

B)

11 Boyles law states that, when other parameters are held constant,

pressure varies directly with volume

A)

pressure varies directly with temperature

B)

C)

volume varies directly with temperature

D)

12 If the mass and pressure of a gas are held constant while its volume doubles, the temperature

is changed by a factor of

A)

B)

C)

4

D)

13 The amount of water contained in the air of a given room is described most accurately by the

absolute humidity

A)

relative humidity

B)

vapor pressure

C)

dew point

D)

14 It is possible for a substance to coexist in all three of its phases in equilibrium when the

substance is at its

critical pressure

A)

critical temperature

B)

triple point

C)

dew point

D)

15 At a temperature of 273 K and a pressure of 1 atm, 1 mol of any gas will occupy a volume

of 1 L

A)

of 22.4 m

B)

equal to its molecular mass

C)

of 22.4 L

D)

16 A weather balloon is filled to a volume of 400 L at 0C. What will its volume be at 100C if the

pressure is constant?

147 L

A)

255 L

B)

293 L

C)

547 L

D)

17 The molecular mass of oxygen is 32 g/mol. How many molecules are present in 64 g of oxygen?

Avogadros number is 6.02 X 1023.

3.012 X 1023 molecules

A)

6.02 X 1023 molecules

B)

C)

24.092 X 1023 molecules

D)

an absolute temperature of 300 K?

10,719 g

A)

512 g

B)

107 g

C)

244 g

D)

19 When the air temperature is 26C and the dew point is 10C, the relative humidity is

32 percent

A)

36.5 percent

B)

43.2 percent

C)

54.1 percent

D)

20 A 5000-cm container holds 6 g of gas under a pressure of 2 atm and a temperature of 20C.

When 10 g of the same gas fills a 2500-cm container, the temperature rises to 30C. The new

pressure is

2.71 atm

A)

3.3 atm

B)

6.89 atm

C)

9.31 atm

D)

and

of the gas

law.

to

the

constant.

23 The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy, regardless of the pressure applied, is called

the

,

, and

25 The temperature to which air must be cooled at constant pressure to produce saturation is

called the

26

volume.

ratio of

27 A

to

28 If the

and

of a gas are

of a gas is

referred to as

.

30 The units for the constant R in the ideal gas law are

, as

True

A)

False

B)

2 If the first law of thermodynamics is satisfied, the second law will also be satisfied.

True

A)

False

B)

3 In every thermodynamic process, the heat absorbed by a system must equal the sum of the work

done by the system and its change in internal energy.

True

A)

False

B)

True

A)

False

B)

5 In an adiabatic process, the internal energy will increase when work is done on the system,

whereas it will decrease when work is done by the system.

True

A)

False

B)

6 During an isothermal expansion, all the absorbed thermal energy is converted to useful work.

True

A)

False

B)

7 All Carnot engines are perfect engines and, therefore, operate at 100 percent efficiency.

True

A)

False

B)

8 The greater the difference between the input and output temperatures of a steam engine, the

greater the efficiency of the engine.

True

A)

False

B)

9 A high compression ratio of an internal combustion engine means a higher operating efficiency.

True

A)

False

B)

0 expressed as a percentage.

True

A)

False

B)

1

its pressure

A)

its volume

B)

its temperature

C)

all of these

D)

2

U

A)

-U

B)

Q

C)

-Q

D)

3

is a Carnot engine

A)

violates the first law

B)

has an Otto cycle

C)

violates the second law

D)

1 If a heat engine absorbs heat at 600 K and rejects heat at 200 K, its efficiency is

4

33 percent

A)

50 percent

B)

67 percent

C)

80 percent

D)

1 In a Carnot cycle, 1600 cal is absorbed at 600 K, and 400 cal is exhausted to a cold reservoir.

5 The temperature of the cold reservoir is

150 K

A)

200 K

B)

450 K

C)

800 K

D)

6

the temperature is constant

A)

the pressure is constant

B)

the volume is constant

C)

no heat enters or leaves the system

D)

1 If the adiabatic constant is 1.4 and the compression ratio is 6, a gasoline engine has an efficiency

7 of

45 percent

A)

51 percent

B)

56 percent

C)

64 percent

D)

1 For a Carnot engine to operate with an efficiency of 100 percent, the exhaust temperature must

8 be

0C

A)

0K

B)

infinite

C)

equal to the input temperature

D)

1 In a mechanical refrigerator, the low-temperature coils of the evaporator are at -23C, and the

9 compressed gas in the condenser has a temperature of 77C. The coefficient of performance is

20 percent

A)

70 percent

B)

0.23

C)

2.5

D)

0

compressor

A)

evaporator

B)

condenser

C)

throttling valve

D)

1

the

2 A(n)

2

whereas in a(n)

to

process the temperature is constant.

3

process.

4

in

a thermodynamic process.

,

5 are

and

2 The

6

energy.

2 A(n)

7

is measured by the

8

,

and

,

.

2 The fact that all natural spontaneous processes are irreversible is a consequence of

9 the

3 A(n)

0

engine that absorbs heat from one reservoir, performs work, and rejects heat to another

reservoir at a lower temperature.

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