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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION LIMITED

Specification no. Issued on:
Specification no.
Issued on:

DMES – T/0025/DMRC-E-TR-EARTH-01

DMRC ELECTRICAL STANDARDS & DESIGN WING (DESDW)

SPECIFICATIONS FOR EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATIONS

Date Stage 28 th May 2016 25 th July 2016 Draft - 1 Draft - 2
Date
Stage
28 th May 2016
25 th July 2016
Draft - 1
Draft - 2

DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION LTD.

7 th Floor, B-Wing, Metro Bhawan, Fire Brigade Lane, Barakhamba Road, New Delhi –110 001.

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

Previous Record of specification

Stage Date Draft -1 28/05/2016 Draft- 2 25/07/2016
Stage
Date
Draft -1
28/05/2016
Draft- 2
25/07/2016

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

Contents

  • 1. EARTH MESH DESIGN

.......................................................................................................

4

  • 1.1 GENERAL

.......................................................................................................................

4

  • 1.2 PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE DESIGN OF EARTH MAT

..................................

5

  • 1.3 SHORT CIRCUIT LEVEL

..............................................................................................

5

  • 1.4 SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT

........................................................................................

5

  • 1.5 DURATION OF FAULT CURRENT

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

5

.............................................................................

5

6

  • 1.6 DETERMINING THE MAX GRID CURRENT (I G )

......................................................

  • 1.7 EXOTHERMIC WELDING

............................................................................................

7

7

  • 2. LIST OF REFERENCE STANDARDS

.................................................................................

  • 3. EARTH MESH CHARACTERISTICS

..................................................................................

  • 3.1 GENERAL

.......................................................................................................................

7

7

8

8

8

  • 3.2 PARTICULAR ARRANGEMENT TO MINIMIZE VOLTAGE RISE

.........................

  • 4. EQUIPMENT CONNECTING MODE TO EARTH MESH

.................................................

  • 4.1 PRINCIPLES

...................................................................................................................

  • 4.2 EARTH CABLE FIXATIONS ALONG THE STRUCTURES

......................................

  • 4.3 EQUIPMENT CONNECTION ........................................................................................

8

4.3.1

8

4.3.2

9

4.3.3

9

9

9

9

9

MEASURING TRANSFORMERS

..........................................................................

CIRCUIT BREAKERS .............................................................................................

POWER TRANSFORMERS ....................................................................................

ISOLATORS
ISOLATORS

4.3.4

4.3.5

4.3.6

4.3.7

4.3.8

4.3.9

LIGHTNING GUARD

NEUTRALS ..............................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................

LIGHTNING ARRESTERS .....................................................................................

EARTH GANTRY ARRANGEMENT

....................................................................

............................................................

10

..................................................

10

12

LINE EARTHING

TRACTION RETURN CURRENT EARTHING

  • 5. AMS & CONTROL ROOM BUILDING EARTHING

.......................................................

  • 6. GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR (GIS)

..........................................................................

12

  • 7. BOUNDARY WALL EARTHING

......................................................................................

12

  • 8. SOLAR PANEL EARTHING

..............................................................................................

13

  • 9. LIGHTNING PROTECTION

...............................................................................................

13

  • 10. SIZE OF EARTH MAT CONDUCTOR:

..........................................................................

14

  • 11. TESTING OF EARTHING SYSTEM / PITS

...................................................................

14

1.

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

1. EARTH MESH DESIGN

1.1 GENERAL

The Substation installation is subject to various faults such as operating over voltages, short circuits or lightning. In order to ensure protection to people and equipment, an Earth mesh, sized to limit the step and touch voltages below the dangerous values, shall be provided. The Earth Mesh design and installation shall be done in accordance with relevant provisions in standards such as IEEE 80-2000 or latest. Earthing drawing & design shall be submitted in coordination with civil design & drawings so that during execution minimum infringement of earth mat occurs with cable trenches & other civil structures like pile caps, cable pull pits etc.

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

Earth network should be designed taking into account conductors' temperature rise as regard to the faulty current levels.

The Receiving Substation (RSS) Contractor will have to provide a buried earth mesh in the Substation site. As far as the area over which the AMS (Auxiliary Main Substation) & Control Room are situated, earth mat suitably designed shall be provided under the building housing the AMS and Control room, apart from the Main Earth Mesh. The design of the Main Earth Mesh shall be done by the RSS Contractor, taking into account the site conditions (soil resistivity etc.). The soil resistivity of site in dry conditions is to be measured by the contractor.

In area where soil resistivity is lower than 10 ohm- m, the minimum value of soil resistivity shall be taken as 10 ohm-m.

In areas where the soil resistivity is rather high and where it may not be possible to obtain a low impedance grounding system by spreading the grid electrodes over a large area, as is done in more favorable conditions, the various measures given in latest IEEE 80 shall be used for reducing the soil resistivity so as to meet the site constraints. The Main Earth mesh has to be linked (by exothermic welding), by means of two copper cables / flats of appropriate size as given in Clause 10 to the following:

- - - -
-
-
-
-

-

the earth mat under the AMS room

the buried rail/connecting strip for traction return current

Auxiliary Main Transformer neutrals

All equipment structures supporting equipments

Baffle walls between transformers.

-

Lightning protection Earthing

The connections which are prone to bi-metallic action shall always be done through bimetallic strips and washers.

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

 

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

1.2

PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE DESIGN OF EARTH MAT

Several

variable

factors

are

involved

in

the

design

of

an

Earth

Mat

at

Substations. The following are some of the parameters which affect the design of

Earth mat.

  • - Magnitude of fault current

  • - Duration of fault

  • - Soil resistivity

  • - Resistivity of surface material

  • - Earthing mat geometry

  • - Material of earth mat conductor

  • - Shock duration etc.

 

Earth mat for each substation has to be designed individually. The Earth mat has to be designed for the site conditions and shall ensure a low over all impedance (not more than 0.5 ohms) and a current carrying capacity consistent with the fault current magnitude.

1.3

SHORT CIRCUIT LEVEL

The maximum short circuit power (I sc ), considered for the whole substation area, for different voltage levels, are as follow:

For 220kV

For 110/132kV

For 66kV

 

1.4

1.5

15000 MVA 7200 MVA 3600 MVA 40 kA for 1sec. 31.5 kA for 1sec. 31.5 kA
15000 MVA
7200 MVA
3600 MVA
40 kA for 1sec.
31.5 kA for 1sec.
31.5 kA for 1 sec.

SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT

Accordingly, the short circuit current (as per CEA regulations-2010) to be taken into consideration, for the Earth mesh design at Substations, shall be as follows:

For 220kV For 110/132kV For 66kV
For 220kV
For 110/132kV
For 66kV

DURATION OF FAULT CURRENT In India, the short term rating of most of the equipment is based on 1.0 second duration of fault. Therefore, 1 second may be adopted on the duration of fault in the calculations to determine the size of conductor for the earth mat. For the purpose of determining the safe step and mesh potentials, duration of 0.5 second may be adopted. However, it has to be ensured that, on the basis of the protective gear and protective scheme provided, the fault is cleared within a period not exceeding 0.5 seconds.

1.6

DETERMINING THE MAX GRID CURRENT (I G ) The design value of the maximum grid current I G is given by the following formula

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

I G = C P . D f . I g Where, I G = Maximum grid current in Amperes C P = Corrective projection factor D f = Decrement factor I g = Symmetrical grid current (RMS) in A

1.7

I g = S f (3I O ) Where, I O = Zero Sequence fault current
I g = S f (3I O )
Where,
I O = Zero Sequence fault current
S f = Current division factor (which relates to the magnitude of the portion of
fault current to that of its portion flowing between the earth mat and
surrounding earth, to the total fault current)
The calculation of S f is done by deriving an equivalent representation of the
overheard ground wires, neutrals etc, connected to the Earth mat and then
solving the equivalent circuits to determine the fraction of the total fault currents
which flow between the mat and the earth and through the ground wire or
neutrals. In practice, at the design stage, it will be fairly accurate to adopt a value
of 0.5 for S f to determine the fault current that flows through the grid to earth.
Hence, the values of maximum grid current I G to be considered for design of
Earth mat for Substations of different voltage levels, may be taken as follows:
For
220 kV
132/110 kV
66 kV
0.5 x 40 = 20kA
0.5 x 31.5 = 15.75 kA ≈ 16 kA
0.5 x 31.5 = 15.75 kA ≈ 16 kA
Important Note: The above values of max grid current are applicable only for
determining the estimated values of Step and Mesh potentials. For determining
the cross-sectional area of the Earth mat conductor, full fault current should be
considered.
EXOTHERMIC WELDING
Suitable sample of moulds for each type of joints / connections shall be submitted
to DMRC for approval.

Exothermic welding shall comply with IEEE 837. The resistance of the joint shall be tested on a random sample. Method statement clearly indicating various procedures, precautions required for an effective welding shall be submitted by the contractor for approval.

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

1.8

LIST OF REFERENCE STANDARDS

Latest edition of all the standards applicable at the time of submission of design shall be complied:

IEEE 80 IS 3043 CBIP manual on earthing

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0
  • 2. EARTH MESH CHARACTERISTICS

2.1

GENERAL

A mesh made of bare cables/ copper rods, copper strips joined by exothermic welding forms the protection earth circuit.

Earth conductors should be buried as deep as possible to keep a significant cylindrical equipotential area ensuring the earth resistance decreasing. The common practice consists to bury the mesh at 1m depth, to avoid soil conductivity variation as regard to the variation of dryness or humidity conditions.

The connection on power equipment should be made by conductors in loop mode avoiding the power equipment insulation from the earth mesh in case of conductor breaking.

The earth connection to equipment in antenna mode is strictly prohibited. Earth conductors should preferably be cylindrical copper cables/flats. Earth conductors are linked by fixed connection.

The earth mesh implementation should avoid any permanent or occasional contact of earth conductors with other different metals.

In the aim to:
In the aim to:

2.2

PARTICULAR ARRANGEMENT TO MINIMIZE VOLTAGE RISE

The ground is considered as a pure resistance regarding electrical phenomenon. Only very bad resistivity conjugated with very high frequencies involves the ground capacitive parameter. To minimize electromagnetic coupling between Low voltage cables and HV equipment, the cables shall be annealed types earthed at each end.

  • - Decrease the loop length given by cable shielding and the earth,

  • - Limit the current in these shields in case of short circuit,

  • - Minimize the works,

The earth conductors

may be

buried as

far

as

possible under the LV cable

routing. The distance between LV cables and earth conductors shall be 0.30 m. at minimum to avoid any impact on LV cables in case of earth conductor

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

overheating. The earth mesh density shall be increased around circuit breaker and power transformer cells.

  • 3. EQUIPMENT CONNECTING MODE TO EARTH MESH

3.1

PRINCIPLES

3.2

3.3

Copper conductors/strips of suitable size joined by exothermic welding technique form the Main Earth mesh. Main gantries, frames, equipment bodies or tank and all metallic structures are to be connected minimum two locations on an uninterruptible loop of the earth mesh.

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

The earth electrode (with chamber) shall be 40 mm dia copper perforated pipe of 3m length shall be provided with proper size of earth chamber not less than 450mm x 450mm x450mm, salt & charcoal and test link to measure the value of electrode as per IS 3043 for connection of various equipments as specified in the specification.

A clamp makes the connection point with bi-metallic sheet plate located close to the soil from which aerial earth cables linking the equipment will be connected and crimped on earth mesh. When one clamp is not enough, it could be provided a copper connecting strip on which several clamps could be installed.

All of conductors linking an equipment to the earth and liable to support the short circuit current shall have the same cross section as the earth mesh conductors. When the equipment connection is only made for equipotential purpose, the cable cross section could be less than earth mesh conductor with a minimum of 25 mm².

EARTH CABLE FIXATIONS ALONG THE STRUCTURES

- -
-
-

All cables should be fixed all along the masts and beams as follows:

Bare cables should keep distance from the metallic supporting structure to avoid any electrolytic corrosion and should be fixed via metallic (i.e. bronze or copper alloy) bolted clamp with bi-metallic sheet plate.

Insulated cables shall be fixed to the structure in the same manner as above when earth connection with the structure is necessary, or by collars mainly used on catenary masts.

EQUIPMENT CONNECTION

3.3.1 Measuring transformers

Voltage transformers:

To reduce high frequency interference transmission at the secondary side; the P2 terminal (cold point) of primary winding, located inside the transformer connection box is connected to the earth mesh at the general earth connection level.

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

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Current transformers

The S2 terminal of secondary winding should be connected to the earth mesh, with a connection as short as possible.

3.3.2

Circuit breakers

Earthing of CB could be ensured through the supporting frame, itself connected to the earth, except when one part of the equipment is painted. In this case it is necessary to install an earth cable. In the first case a copper cable shall jump the mechanical connection between the CB and the frame.

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

For circuit breakers two earth clamps on each side of the frame base and linked to the earth mesh should be implemented

Power transformers

Each file of running rails (if any) and rollers shall be earthed directly. The tank insulated from the rails is earthed using a low insulated cable via the protection current transformer The S2 current transformer terminal and metallic base shall be earthed via a separated connection. The power transformers earth cable should be as shorter as possible.

The each of four panel of auxiliary transformer cover shall be connected to the earthing system at minimum two locations by cu strip of 25 x 5 sq. mm. / GI strip of 50 x 5 sq.mm.

3.3.3

3.3.4 Neutrals

Two separate and distinct earth pits with chambers and connected to main earth mat shall be provided for all the transformer neutrals.

Isolators Lightning arresters
Isolators
Lightning arresters

Incoming isolators earth blades should be linked to the isolator base by copper braid, the base being directly connected to the mesh. Electrical control boxes should be earthed directly. On hand operated isolators a copper braid should link the control box with the transmission axle, the control box being directly connected to the mesh. In both control modes; a metallic duck board should be installed in front of the control device, linked to the control boxes and the mesh via a direct connection fixed on the frame.

3.3.5

3.3.6

The lightning arrester earth terminal shall be directly connected to an earth electrode formed from a separated earth pit (with chamber) and also connected to the earth mesh.

3.3.7

Earth gantry arrangement

In case of gantry arrangement with tower and beam, An ACSR conductor of suitable size (min. 93.3 sq.mm.) will run continuously through each beam and

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

towers clamped at suitable interval and earthed to the general mesh by mean of bimetallic connection.

  • 3.3.8 Lightning guard line earthing

Lightning guard line if provided shall be earthed through 93.3mmsteel bare cable to a specific earth Electrode located at the bottom of each guard line supporting structure, these earth Electrode being connected to the general earth mesh at the RSS-cum-TSS.

The connection of panels containing low voltage electronic equipments like SAS, Relays, PC etc. to be done suitably as per recommendations of manufacturers of these items with a confirmation from them that such earthing connection will not interface in the proper functioning of these devices. If required by manufacturers of these items, a separate earthing system to be installed by separate earth electrodes for these devices, panels etc.

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0
  • 3.3.9 Traction return current earthing Traction Return current cables shall be connected to 2Nos, Copper strip size of 100mm x10mm , 12 meter long and 2Nos,100mm x10mm, 0.5meter long formed a rectangle and connected with earth mat at four locations with copper earth strip size decided based on earth mat design as per given

below diagram:
below diagram:
DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0
DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing
DMES-T/0025
EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION
Rev - 0

Fig-1

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing

DMES-T/0025

EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION

Rev - 0

4.

AMS & CONTROL ROOM BUILDING EARTHING

Before laying the foundations of the RSS Building, a well interconnected Earthing mesh using 120 Sq-mm bare copper flexible conductors will be laid (buried conductors under the foundation raft). These copper bare flexible conductors will be taken up to plinth beam and connected to main grid with exothermic welding to ensure proper connections at minimum two locations on each face of building. The copper bare conductor will be clamped or welded to column bar.

5.

6.

The main Earth Mat placed in the switchyard shall be extended to the building area also and risers to be taken for equipments placed inside the building. However, Earthing in GIS room shall be provided as per GIS manufacturer recommendation and connected to main earth mat.

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR (GIS)

Earthing requirement of GIS installations are similar to air insulated substation (AIS), i.e. safety of the operating staff against any hazard and protection of equipment against electromagnetic interference and damage. The area occupied by a GIS is typically 10-25% of that of AIS equipment. Therefore, achieving the required Earth Potential Rise (EPR) or the earth resistance of grid earth electrode is more challenging task. Earthing of all GIS equipments shall be done as per recommendation of GIS manufacturer and calculations shall be submitted in support of dangerous voltages (touch, step voltages etc.) & grid resistance as per latest IEEE standard 80. Manufacturer’s representative shall be involved during installation of earth mat to certify that the earthing of GIS has been done as per manufacturer’s recommendations.

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

BOUNDARY WALL EARTHING

Earthing of boundary wall/fencing can be achieved by placement of boundary wall outside the grid area by 2 m with no electric bonding between fence and main station grid. Separate earthing shall be done for boundary wall which is not connected to main earth mat. 25 x 5 mm GI earth strip is running continuously along the boundary wall/fence and it is connected to fence at every 02m and also with at least 4 numbers of separate earth electrode with salt and charcoal of 40mm dia, 3 meter long perforated GI pipe with test link and earth chamber at each corner of site (not connected to main earth mat).

If the site constraint (space, area availability etc.) doesn’t allow above design, then suitable earthing design of boundary wall / fence shall be submitted as per latest IEEE 80.

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DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

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  • 7. SOLAR PANEL EARTHING Where ever roof top solar panel are provided in the RSS to promote use of renewable energy and reduce electricity consumption. To meet the earthing requirement of solar system at least two separate earth pits with charcoal and salt of 40mm dia, 3 meter long perforated CU pipe with test link and earth chamber shall be provided.

  • 8. LIGHTNING PROTECTION

DMRC Electrical Standards & Design Wing DMES-T/0025 EARTH MAT DESIGN OF RECEIVING SUBSTATION Rev - 0

Lightning flashes to earth may be hazardous to structures and to services. The hazard to a structure can result in

– damage to the structure and to its contents, – failure of associated electrical and electronic systems, – injury to living beings in or close to the structure.

Consequential effects of the damage and failures may be extended to the surroundings of the structure or may involve its environment. The hazard to services can result in

– damage to the service itself, – failure of associated electrical and electronic equipment.

To reduce the loss due to lightning, protection measures may be required. Whether they are needed, and to what extent, should be determined by risk assessment. The risk of the probable average annual loss in a structure and in a service due to lightning flashes, depends on:

– the annual number of lightning flashes influencing the structure and the service; – the probability of damage by one of the influencing lightning flashes; – the mean amount of consequential loss.

– the annual number of lightning flashes influencing the structure and the service; – the probability

Lightning flashes influencing the structure & service may be divided into – flashes terminating on the structure/service, – flashes terminating near the structure/service,

Flashes to the structure or a connected service may cause physical damage and life hazards. Flashes near the structure or service as well as flashes to the structure or service may cause failure of electrical and electronic systems due to over voltages resulting from resistive and inductive coupling of these systems with the lightning current. Moreover, failures caused by lightning over voltages in users installations and in power supply lines may also generate switching type over voltages in the installations.

The number of lightning flashes influencing the structure and the services depends on the dimensions and the characteristics of the structure and of the services, on the environment characteristics of the structure and the services, as

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Rev - 0

well as on lightning ground flash density in the region where the structure and the services are located.

The entire Substation shall be protected against lightning by providing either earth screen conductors on tower peaks, or by means of Lightning Protection masts suitably spaced to cover the entire area and assessment of risk etc. shall be carried out using IS/IEC 62305 or latest.

  • 9. SIZE OF EARTH MAT CONDUCTOR:

The tentative min. size of copper earth mat shall be as follows: Voltage Fault Current (KV)
The tentative min. size of copper earth mat shall be as follows:
Voltage
Fault Current
(KV)
(KA)
Area of Conductor
(Sq mm)
Tentative Size of
Earth Strip
2
66
31.5 114
mm
25x5
2
110/132
31.5
114
mm
25x5
2
220
40 144
mm
30x5
10.
TESTING OF EARTHING SYSTEM / PITS
a)
Earth mat laying photographs shall be submitted to DMRC before backfilling so
that the same can be utilized for future reference if required.
b)
All Earth pits shall be treated pits as per IS 3043 with provision of watering/
perforated pipe. The resistance of individual earth pit shall not be more than 5
ohms for normal soil and 10 ohm for rocky soil.
c)
The resistance values of all the earth pits shall be measured and recorded along
with the date of measurement.
d)
The location of earth pits shall be clearly marked in the drawings and it should be
identifiable during maintenance.
e)
Test link shall be provided for measuring the resistances of earth pits.

f)

g)

Test certificates of all the materials used in earthing shall be submitted to DMRC.

A typical drawing showing details of gantry/ structure earthing shall be submitted separately to DMRC.

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