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Chemiosmosis

Occurs in the
mitochondria
NADH + H+ &
FADH2 are oxidized
Power membrane
proteins to pump H+
Builds up a
concentration
gradient
Diffusion of H+
powers ATP synthase
Chemiosmosis

Occurs along the inner


membrane of the
mitochondria
NADH is oxidized
Reduced protein
transports H+
3 H+ for each
NADH oxidized
O2 is the final
receptor creating
water
Chemiosmosis

FADH2 is oxidized
Reduced proteins pump
more H+
2 mols of H+ for each
FADH2
H+ diffuse through
ATP synthase powering
the reduction of ADP
to ATP
Chemiosmosis

Concentration gradient
between the inner and
outer membrane drives
the final stage
ATP synthase powers
the reduction of ADP
H+ create the gradient
Mitochondria

Structure Function
Cristae Increased surface area for electron
transport
Double membrane Two regions to build up concentration
gradients between
Matrix Region filled with molecules needed
for the citric acid Krebs cycle
Aerobic Respiration