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BAB IV

HASIL PERCOBAAN

4.1 Hasil Percobaan


Tabel 1. Hasil Pengukuran Sampel menggunakan Program CIE Lab

Pengukuran Teoritis Gambar


Buah Ulangan
L* a* b* C H C H
Jus 1 98,840 6,595 21,375 34,056 8,603 22,369 72,853

A 2 98,994 -6,261 19,816 34,247 8,657 20,768 72,465


3 98,776 -6,773 22,115 34,002 8,591 23,128 72,972
(Apel) Rata-rata 98,87 -2,146 21,102 34,101 8,617 22,088 72,763
Jus 1 69,520 15,572 7,899 33,667 8,715 17,460 26,896

B 2 69,955 15,756 8,564 33,396 8,639 17,933 28,525


3 70,255 15,365 8,563 32,428 8,378 17,590 29,131
(Anggur) Rata-rata 69,91 15,5643 8,342 33,163 8,577 17,661 28,184
1 95,218 0,852 12,644 30,837 7,814 12,672 86,145
Jus
2 87,617 1,442 7,150 18,880 4,906 7,2409 78,597
C 3 83,862 1,351 5,204 10,769 2,945 8,410 82,188
(Guava) Rata-rata 88,899 1,143 8,332 20,162 5,221 9,441 82,31
1 98,280 -11,446 44,013 34,293 8,611 45,476 -75,425
Jus
2 98,264 -11,547 44,582 34,294 8,610 46,053 -75,478
D 3 98,447 -10,117 36,610 34,178 8,604 37,982 -75,521
(Mangga) Rata-rata 98,330 -11,036 41,735 34,255 8,608 43,169 -75,187
1 77,103 14,006 13,614 33,527 8,383 44,186 19,532
Jus 2 77,424 18,329 11,146 25,380 6,406 47,178 15,196
C+B 3 79,701 14,140 13,015 32,689 8,172 42,627 19,217
Rata-rata 26,46 12,825 12,591 30,532 7,653 44,66 17,982

Tabel 2. Nilai HUE dan Kisaran Warna Krematisitas Sampel


Nilai HUE Daerah Kisaran Warna Kromatis
Sampel
Pengukuran Teoritis Pengukuran Teoritis
Jus A 86,17 72,763 Red Purple (RP) Yellow Red (YR)
Jus B 8,5773 28,1846 Red Purple (RP) Red (R)
Jus C 5,221 82,31 Red Purple (RP) Yellow Red (YR)
Jus D 8,6083 75,1875 Red Purple (RP) Yellow Red (YR)
Jus A + B 7,6536 44,66 Red Purple (RP) Red (R)

4.2 Perhitungan
Rumus : C = [ (a2) + (b2) ]1/2
a
H = tan-1 ( )
b
Kelompok 1: Jus A (Apel)
1. C = [ (16,595)2 + (21,375)2 ]
= 22,36927
21,375
H = tan-1 ( )
6,595
= 72,85301702
2. C = [ (6,261)2 + (19,816)2 ]
= 20,76806421
19,816
H = tan-1 ( )
6,261
= 72,46571418
3. C = [ (6,773)2 + (22,1151)2 ]
= 23,12891597
22,1151
H = tan-1 ( )
6,773
= 72,97212648
Kelompok 2: Jus B (Anggur)
1. C = [ (15,572)2 + (7,899)2]
= 17,46085293
7,899
H=tan -1 ( 15,572 )
=26,8967035

2. C = [ (15,756)2 + (8,564)2]
= 17,93303187
8,563
H=tan -1 ( 15,756 )
=26,13116716
3. C = [ (15,356)2 + (8,563)2]
= 17,59000267
8,563
H=tan -1 ( 15,356 )
=26,13116716
Kelompok 3: Jus C (Guava)
1. C = [ (0,852)2 + (12,644)2 ]
= 12,672
12,644
H = tan-1 ( )
0,852
= 86,145
2. C = [ (1,442)2 + (7,150)2 ]
= 7,2409
7,150
H = tan-1 ( )
1,442
= 78,597
3. C = [ (1,143)2 + (8,332)2 ]
= 8,410
8,332
H = tan-1 ( )
1,143
= 82,188
Kelompok 4: Jus D (Mangga)
1. C = [ (-11,446)2 + (44,03)2 ]
= 45,4769
44,03
H = tan-1 ( )
11,446
= -75,42258912
2. C = [ (-11,547)2 + (44,582)2 ]
= 46,0530
44,582
H = tan-1 ( )
11,547
= -75,47914914
3. C = [ (-10,117)2 + (36,610)2 ]
= 37,9821
36,610
H = tan-1 ( )
10,117
= -74,55211484

Kelompok 5: Jus A + Jus B (Guava+Anggur)


1. C = [ (14,006)2 + (13,614)2 ]
= 19,532256
13,614
H = tan-1 ( )
14,006
= 44,18687771
2. C = [ (18,329)2 + (11,146)2 ]
= 21,451935397
11,146
H = tan-1 ( )
18,239
= 31,42943855
3. C = [ (14,140)2 + (13,015)2 ]
= 19,2179558
13,015
H = tan-1 ( )
14,140
= 42,627653927

4.3 Grafik
120

98.97 98.33
100
88.9

80
69.91

60

40
26.46
20

0
L*

Jus A (Apel) Jus B (Anggur) Jus C (Guava)


Jus D (Mangga) Jus B+C (Anggur+Guava)

Gambar 1. Grafik Kelima Bahan terhadap L*

20
15.56
15 12.83

10

5
1.14
0
a*
-2.15
-5

-10
-11.04
-15

Jus A (Apel) Jus B (Anggur) Jus C (Guava)


Jus D (Mangga) Jus B+C (Anggur+Guava)

Gambar 2. Grafik Kelima Bahan terhadap a*


45 41.74
40

35

30

25
21.1
20

15 12.59
10 8.34 8.33

0
b*

Jus A (Apel) Jus B (Anggur) Jus C (Guava)


Jus D (Mangga) Jus B+C (Anggur+Guava)

Gambar 3. Grafik Kelima Bahan terhadap b*

Jus
B+C

Gambar 4. Grafik Kelima Bahan terhadap L*a*b*