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LAMPIRAN 1

Perhitungan Nilai Rd dan Pressure drop Desain

1. Komposisi
a.
Acid gas
Density : 1,036 kg/m3
Mass Rate : 9979 kg/hr
Berat Molekul : 32,03 kg/kmol
Specific Gravity :1
b.
Steam
Mass Rate : 903 kg/hr
Berat molekul : 18,02 kg/kmol
Specific Gravity : 0,998

Mass Rate Total = 10882 kg/hr


2. Data tiap arus
a.
Shell Side (cold fluid)
Komponene : Steam
Vapour : 187 kg/hr
Liquid : 716 kg/hr
Temperatur 1(t1) : 130oC
Temperatur 2 (t2) : 210 oC
: 80
b.
Tube side (hot fluid)
Komponene : acid gas
Vapour : 7977 kg/hr
Liquid : 2002 kg/hr
Temperatur 1(T1) : 300,6oC
Temperatur 2 (T2) : 175 oC
: 125,6 oC

3. Duty
Cp cold : 1,032 Kcal/kgoC
Cp Hot : 0,282 Kcal/kg oC
Panas latent : 497,5 kcal/kg
a.
Q cold
Q Sensible = m x Cp x T
Q latent =mx
Q cold = 67640,160 kcal/h
= 78665,50608 W
b.
Q hot
Q Sensible = m x Cp x T
Q hot = 282538,9584 kcal/h

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= 2507747 W
4. DataSheet Heat Exchanger
a.
Number of shell pass =1
b.
Number of tube pass =1
c.
Baffle Spacing = 60,96 mm
d.
Jumlah Baffle =4
e.
Number of Tube/Shell = 35
f.
ID Shell = 304,8 mm
g.
Length Tube = 3000 mm
h.
OD Tube = 25,4 mm
i.
Thickness = 2,108 mm
j.
ID Tube = 21,1836 mm
k.
Tube Pitch (Pt) = 31,8 mm
l.
BWG = 14
m.
Flow Area = 0,546 in2 = 0,000352257 m2
5. Log Mean Temperature Difference

= 65,1622454 oC

6. Caloric Temperature
= 0,497
o
API = (141,5/1)-131,5
= 10
Kc = 1 (figure 17, Kern)
Fc = 0,4 (figure 17, Kern)
Tc = T2 + Fc(T1-T2) = 225,24 oC
tc = t1 + Fc(t2-t1) = 162 oC
7. Flow Area Shell
ID Shell = 0,3048 m
C = Pt - OD tube
= 0,0064 m
B = 0,06096 m
Pt = 0,0318 m
ID C ' B
as = 0,00374 m2
Pt
8. Mass Rate Shell
m
Gs = 191469,784 kg/m2hr
as
9. Bilangan reynold shell
= 0,146 cp
= 0,5256 kg/m hr
De = 0,025146 m

De Gs
N Re = 9160,386583

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10. Menentukan nilai Jh dari figure 28 Kern
jH = 45
11. Menghitung nilai ho
o
API = 10
k = 446,68 kcal/m.hr.oC
= 0,324 kg/m hr
k(c/k)1/3 = 5,713 BTU/hr (ft2) (oF/ft)
= 16,733 W/m2 (oC/m)
1
ho k c 3
jH
s De k

ho = 29943,663 W/m2 oC
12. Menghitung flow area tube
N t a 't
at = 0,0123 m2
n
13. Mass rate tube
m
Gt = 647010,7132 kg/m2hr
at

14. NRe tube


= 0,022 cp
= 0,0792 kg/ m hr
ID tube = 21,1836 mm
= 0,02118 m

ID Gt
N Re

NRe = 173055,7594

15. jH = 230 (figure 24, Kern)

16. Menghitung hio


o
API = 10,284
= 0,0792 kg/m hr
k(c/k)1/3 = 4,6591 BTU/hr (ft2) (oF/ft)
= 13,6464 W/m2 (oC/m)
1
hi k c 3
jH
t ID k

hi = 148165,4112 W/m2 oC
IDTube
hio hi
ODTube
hio = 123569,9529 W/m2 oC

17. Tube Wall Temperature (tW)

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s t 1
ho
s
tw tc (Tc tc)
ho hio
s t
= 174,3353 oC

18. Clean Overall Coefficient Uc


hio ho
Uc
hio ho
= 24102,98903 W/m2 oC

19. Design Overall Coefficient UD


OD Tube = 0,0254 m
A Tube = 2667 m2
A Shell = 60,295 m2
Q
UD
A t
UD Shell = 19,8150 W/m2 oC
UD Tube = 14,4300 W/m2 oC

20. Dirt Factor (RD)


Uc Ud
Rd
UcxUd
Rd Shell = 0,0504 m2.oC/W
= 0,0057 m2.hr.oC/kcal
Rd Tube = 0,0693 m2.oC/W
= 0,0081 m2.hr.oC/kcal

21. Pressure Drop


a.
Shell Side
NRe = 9160,386583
L =3m
B = 60,96 m
IDs = 0,3048 m
De = 0,025146 m
Gs = 191469,784 kg/m2 hr
= 53,1861 kg/m2 s

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f = e0,576 0,19 ln(Nre)
= 0,31433
L
f Gs 1 1 IDs
Ps B
2 De s

= 255,987 Pa
= 0,00261 kg/cm2

b.
Tube Side
V = 173,4799 m/s
L =3m
OD = 0,0254 m
No. Pass =1
Nre = 173055
f = (1,58ln(Nre)- 3,28)-2
= 0,0040
L Np
Pt 2 f 2 Np s V 2
IDs
= 530,0114 Pa
= 0,00540 kg/cm2

LAMPIRAN 2

Perhitungan Nilai Rd dan Pressure drop aktual

1. Komposisi
a.
Acid gas
Density : 1,036 kg/m3
Mass Rate : 2994,7 kg/hr
Berat Molekul : 32,03 kg/kmol
Specific Gravity :1
b.
Steam
Mass Rate : 270,9 kg/hr
Berat molekul : 18,02 kg/kmol
Specific Gravity : 0,998

2. Data tiap arus

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a.
Shell Side (cold fluid)
Komponene : Steam
Vapour : 56,1 kg/hr
Liquid : 214,8 kg/hr
Temperatur 1(t1) : 130oC
Temperatur 2 (t2) : 210 oC
: 80
b.
Tube side (hot fluid)
Komponene : acid gas
Vapour : 2393,1 kg/hr
Liquid : 600,6 kg/hr
Temperatur 1(T1) : 300,6oC
Temperatur 2 (T2) : 175 oC
: 125,6 oC

3. Duty
Cp cold : 1,032 Kcal/kgoC
Cp Hot : 0,282 Kcal/kg oC
Panas latent : 497,5 kcal/kg
a.
Q cold
Q Sensible = m x Cp x T
Q latent =mx
Q cold = 6087,614 kcal/h
= 7079,895547 W
b.
Q hot
Q Sensible = m x Cp x T
Q hot = 25428,50626 kcal/h
= 225697,2764 W
4. DataSheet Heat Exchanger
a.
Number of shell pass =1
b.
Number of tube pass =1
c.
Baffle Spacing = 60,96 mm
d.
Jumlah Baffle =4
e.
Number of Tube/Shell = 35
f.
ID Shell = 304,8 mm
g.
Length Tube = 3000 mm
h.
OD Tube = 25,4 mm
i.
Thickness = 2,108 mm
j.
ID Tube = 21,1836 mm
k.
Tube Pitch (Pt) = 31,8 mm
l.
BWG = 14
m.
Flow Area = 0,546 in2 = 0,000352257 m2
5. Log Mean Temperature Difference

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= 65,1622454 oC

6. Caloric Temperature
= 0,497
o
API = (141,5/1)-131,5
= 10
Kc = 1 (figure 17, Kern)
Fc = 0,4 (figure 17, Kern)
Tc = T2 + Fc(T1-T2) = 225,24 oC
tc = t1 + Fc(t2-t1) = 162 oC
7. Flow Area Shell
ID Shell = 0,3048 m
C = Pt - OD tube
= 0,0064 m
B = 0,06096 m
Pt = 0,03 m
ID C ' B
as = 0,00374 m2
Pt
8. Mass Rate Shell
m
Gs = 57440,93519 kg/m2hr
as
9. Bilangan reynold shell
= 0,146 cp
= 0,5256 kg/m hr
De = 0,025146 m

De Gs
N Re = 2748,115975

10. Menentukan nilai Jh dari figure 28 Kern
jH = 23
11. Menghitung nilai ho
o
API = 10
k = 446,68 kcal/m.hr.oC
= 0,324 kg/m hr
k(c/k)1/3 = 5,713 BTU/hr (ft2) (oF/ft)
= 16,733 W/m2 (oC/m)
1
ho k c 3
jH
s De k

ho = 29943,663 W/m2 oC
12. Menghitung flow area tube
N t a 't
at = 0,0123 m2
n

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13. Mass rate tube
m
Gt = 194103,214 kg/m2hr
at

14. NRe tube


= 0,022 cp
= 0,0792 kg/ m hr
ID tube = 21,1836 mm
= 0,02118 m

ID Gt
N Re

NRe = 51916,7278

15. jH = 19 (figure 24, Kern)

16. Menghitung hio


o
API = 10,284
= 0,0792 kg/m hr
k(c/k)1/3 = 4,6591 BTU/hr (ft2) (oF/ft)
= 13,6464 W/m2 (oC/m)
1
hi k c 3
jH
t ID k

hi = 12239,75136 W/m2 oC
IDTube
hio hi
ODTube
hio = 10207,95263 W/m2 oC

17. Tube Wall Temperature (tW)


s t 1
ho
s
tw tc (Tc tc)
ho hio
s t
= 245,0256534 oC

18. Clean Overall Coefficient Uc


hio ho
Uc
hio ho
= 6123,588802 W/m2 oC

19. Design Overall Coefficient UD


OD Tube = 0,0254 m

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A Tube = 2667 m2
A Shell = 60,295 m2
Q
UD
A t
UD Shell = 5,9444 W/m2 oC
UD Tube = 4,3289 W/m2 oC

20. Dirt Factor (RD)


Uc Ud
Rd
UcxUd
Rd Shell = 0,1681 m2.oC/W
= 0,0195 m2.hr.oC/kcal
Rd Tube = 0,2308 m2.oC/W
= 0,0268 m2.hr.oC/kcal

21. Pressure Drop


a.
Shell Side
NRe = 2748,115975
L =3m
B = 60,96 m
IDs = 0,3048 m
De = 0,025146 m
Gs = 57440,93519 kg/m2 hr
= 15,9558 kg/m2 s
f = e0,576 0,19 ln(Nre)
= 0,3951
L
f Gs 1 1 IDs
Ps B
2 De s

= 28,9606 Pa
= 0,00029 kg/cm2

b.
Tube Side
V = 52,0440 m/s
L =3m
OD = 0,0254 m
No. Pass =1

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Nre = 51916,72782
f = (1,58ln(Nre)- 3,28)-2
= 0,0052
L Np
Pt 2 f 2 Np s V 2
IDs
= 173,9960 Pa
= 0,001773 kg/cm2

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DATA SPESIFIKASI ALAT 94-E-402

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APPENDIX

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