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Arithmetic Sequence

o Problem
- DZMM is holding a contest to give away cash. The contests runs with a caller who will guess how
much money would be given away. If the caller misses, $500 is added to the money to be given
away. On the 12th call, a caller won $8000. How much is to be given away on the first call?

o Solution Explanation
- Just like in solving any other problem, we first have to determine the given. In the formula for
arithmetic sequence given by = 1 + ( 1), we have to determine the following from the
problem.
1. = $8000
2. = 12
3. = $500
4. 1 = ? ( )

- The problem asks us to know the amount of money to be given away on the first call. That means we
have to solve for 1 . Given the formula = 1 + ( 1), we have to substitute the given and
solve for 1 .
12 = 1 + ( 1)
8000 = 1 + (12 1)500

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- Let us remember to follow the rule PEMDAS/GEMDAS.


- First, solve for the operations inside the groupings.
8000 = 1 + (12 1)500
8000 = 1 + (11)500

-Haygood
- Then, we proceed to the multiplication operation.
8000 = 1 + (11)500
8000 = 1 + 5500

- Finally, since we are looking for 1 , we have to subtract both sides with 5500 to determine 1 .
8000 = 1 + 5500
1 = 2500

o Answer
$2500 is to be given away on the first call.

Geometric Sequence
o Problem
- Suppose a ball is dropped from a height of 80 meters and that it rises to 50% of its previous height
each time it bounces. What would be its height on the 4th bounce?

o Solution Explanation
- When solving word problems, we should first determine all of the given. In the formula for
geometric sequence = 1 ( 1 ), we have to find for the following from the problem.
1. = ? ( 4 )
2. = 4
1
3. = 0.5 2
4. 1 = 40 (50% 80)

- For us to solve for the height of the ball on its 4th bounce, we have to substitute the given on the
formula for geometric sequence.
4 = 1 ( 1 )
141
4 = 40(2 )

- Following the GEMDAS rule, let us solve for 4 . Let us first accomplish the exponent operation.
141
4 = 40(2 )
13
4 = 40(2 )
1
4 = 40(8)

- Lastly, we multiply 40 and 1/8 to get 4 .


1
4 = 40(8)
1
4 = 40(8)

-Haygood
4 = 5

o Answer
The balls height on its 4th bounce is at 5 meters.

Arithmetic Series/Means
o Problem
- Mrs. Monsantes wants to know how many people can be accommodated by the schools auditorium.
The auditorium has 120 rows. The first row has 20 seats and in each succeeding row, 4 seats are
added. Help Mrs. Monsantes know the total number of people that can be accommodated in the
auditorium for her upcoming concert.

o Solution Explanation
- From the problem, we should first determine all given in accordance with the formula used in

finding or solving for the arithmetic mean. Given the formula = 2 (21 + ( 1)), the given
are:
1. = ? ( )
2. = 120
3. = 4
4. 1 = 20
-Haygood
- After determining the given from the problem, we should substitute them to the formula and solve
for what is being asked in the problem.

= 2 (21 + ( 1))
120
120 = (2(20) + (120 1)4),
2
- Observing the GEMDAS rule, let us first do the operations inside the groupings.
120
120 = (2(20) + (120 1)4)
2
120
120 = (2(20) + (119)4)
2

- Since there are no any exponents, we can now do the multiplication operations.
120
120 = (2(20) + (119)4)
2
120
120 = (40 + 476)
2

- Then we proceed to addition. Take note that it is still inside of a grouping.


120
120 = (40 + 476)
2
120
120 = (516)
2

- Lastly, we will now do the final operation in the equation which is multiplication.
120
120 = (516)
2
120 = 30960

o Answer
30960 people can be accommodated in the auditorium for Mrs. Monsantess concert.
-Haygood