o Problem
 DZMM is holding a contest to give away cash. The contests runs with a caller who will guess how
much money would be given away. If the caller misses, $500 is added to the money to be given
away. On the 12th call, a caller won $8000. How much is to be given away on the first call?
o Solution Explanation
 Just like in solving any other problem, we first have to determine the given. In the formula for
arithmetic sequence given by = 1 + ( 1), we have to determine the following from the
problem.
1. = $8000
2. = 12
3. = $500
4. 1 = ? ( )
 The problem asks us to know the amount of money to be given away on the first call. That means we
have to solve for 1 . Given the formula = 1 + ( 1), we have to substitute the given and
solve for 1 .
12 = 1 + ( 1)
8000 = 1 + (12 1)500












Haygood
 Then, we proceed to the multiplication operation.
8000 = 1 + (11)500
8000 = 1 + 5500
 Finally, since we are looking for 1 , we have to subtract both sides with 5500 to determine 1 .
8000 = 1 + 5500
1 = 2500
o Answer
$2500 is to be given away on the first call.
Geometric Sequence
o Problem
 Suppose a ball is dropped from a height of 80 meters and that it rises to 50% of its previous height
each time it bounces. What would be its height on the 4th bounce?
o Solution Explanation
 When solving word problems, we should first determine all of the given. In the formula for
geometric sequence = 1 ( 1 ), we have to find for the following from the problem.
1. = ? ( 4 )
2. = 4
1
3. = 0.5 2
4. 1 = 40 (50% 80)
 For us to solve for the height of the ball on its 4th bounce, we have to substitute the given on the
formula for geometric sequence.
4 = 1 ( 1 )
141
4 = 40(2 )
 Following the GEMDAS rule, let us solve for 4 . Let us first accomplish the exponent operation.
141
4 = 40(2 )
13
4 = 40(2 )
1
4 = 40(8)
Haygood
4 = 5
o Answer
The balls height on its 4th bounce is at 5 meters.
Arithmetic Series/Means
o Problem
 Mrs. Monsantes wants to know how many people can be accommodated by the schools auditorium.
The auditorium has 120 rows. The first row has 20 seats and in each succeeding row, 4 seats are
added. Help Mrs. Monsantes know the total number of people that can be accommodated in the
auditorium for her upcoming concert.
o Solution Explanation
 From the problem, we should first determine all given in accordance with the formula used in
finding or solving for the arithmetic mean. Given the formula = 2 (21 + ( 1)), the given
are:
1. = ? ( )
2. = 120
3. = 4
4. 1 = 20
Haygood
 After determining the given from the problem, we should substitute them to the formula and solve
for what is being asked in the problem.
= 2 (21 + ( 1))
120
120 = (2(20) + (120 1)4),
2
 Observing the GEMDAS rule, let us first do the operations inside the groupings.
120
120 = (2(20) + (120 1)4)
2
120
120 = (2(20) + (119)4)
2
 Since there are no any exponents, we can now do the multiplication operations.
120
120 = (2(20) + (119)4)
2
120
120 = (40 + 476)
2
 Lastly, we will now do the final operation in the equation which is multiplication.
120
120 = (516)
2
120 = 30960
o Answer
30960 people can be accommodated in the auditorium for Mrs. Monsantess concert.
Haygood