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Bulletin HRP-00

Refrigerant Pump
Service and Operation
Manual
Effective: October 1, 2004

HRP- Series
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Table of Contents

Pump Specification ............................................................................ 3

Pump Selection ................................................................................. 6

Pump Installation and Application .................................................... 11


Pump Mounting and Electrical Connection ................................... 11
Typical Piping Arrangement .......................................................... 14
Typical Wiring Diagram ................................................................. 22

Pump Start-up .................................................................................. 23

Pump Operation and Maintenance .................................................. 24


Troubleshooting ............................................................................ 28

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Pump Specification

This manual applies to the following semi-hermetic refrigerant pumps:

Pump Model Numbers

HRP 3232
HRP 5040
HRP 5050
HRP 8050
HRP 10080

These pumps are intended to deliver liquid refrigerant to evaporators at saturated conditions. These pumps are
intended for refrigeration systems only. Carefully read this manual before selecting, using or servicing these
pumps.

Electrical

Voltage 460 VAC, 60 Hz

Materials of Construction

Pump housing GGG 40.3


Stator Steel/Copper
Rotor Steel/Aluminum
Bearings PTFE
Shaft 1 C 35
Motor Can 1.4313 or 1.4059
Impellers GX22CrNi17M
Main bolts 8.8
Counter flanges P355NL1 or C22.8
Bolts for counter flanges 8.8
Gaskets Asbestos-free
Transformer Oil Shell Diala D
Painting System W 9.1 + W 9.2
(2 k epoxy finish, per DIN ISO 12944/5 with total nominal thickness 200
mm; RAL 7001)

Pressure Range

Admissible 271 psia at -76F to +14F


Pressure Ranges (18.75 bar at -60C to -10C)
362 psia at +14F to +122F
(25 bar at -10C to +50C)

Special pumps are available to accommodate pressures up to 580 psia (40 bar). Consult Refrigerating Specialties for
further details.

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Figure 1: HRP-3232 Pump

(2) M12 HOLES,


7.1 APART
FOR THD'D RODS

(2) THD'D RODS


FOR TOP MOUNTING
(SUPPLIED BY CUSTOMER)
11.4
1.7

1.7
ALL DIMENSIONS

20.2
ARE IN INCHES.

3.7 9.6
OIL DRAIN VALVE
1.9
10.2
.47
0
(4) FEET FOR
BOTTOM
6.2

MOUNTING

PUMP HORSEPOWER: 1.3

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Figure 2: HRP-5040, 5050, 8050 10080 Pumps

(3) M12 HOLES


FOR THD'D RODS

C
J

F
D E
K

M (OD) (3) THD'D RODS


FOR TOP MOUNTING
L (OD) (SUPPLIED BY CUSTOMER)
B

?0
.6
J

FOOT PATTERN FOR


BOTTOM MOUNTING

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES.

HRP- HRP- HRP- HRP-


5040 5050 8050 10080
A 21.3 20.5 21.9 28.5
B 11.1 13.7 13.8 14.3
C 10.2 12.2 12.2 14.0
D 2.1 2.1 2.6 2.8
E 6.1 6.1 7.0 8.3
F 4.1 5.2 5.2 5.2
G 4.5 5.7 5.7 5.7
H 7.7 6.7 6.7 11.4
J 5.9 7.1 7.1 7.1
K 9.0 9.2 10.0 11.9
L 2.4 2.4 3.5 4.5
M 1.9 2.4 2.4 3.5
HORSEPOWER 2.5 5.4 5.4 11.4

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Pump Selection

The necessary pump capacity and pump head for a refrigeration application are determined based on a number
of factors, including:

The total refrigeration load


The type of refrigerant being used
The temperature of the liquid refrigerant
The recirculation rate of the system
The flow resistances (static and dynamic) that must be overcome (i.e., pump head)

Pump Capacity

Knowing the type of refrigerant, the temperature, and the refrigeration load, refer to either Chart 1 or 2, below, to
determine the GPM/TR (gallons per minute of liquid per ton of refrigeration) required. These capacity charts are
based on liquid refrigerant at saturated conditions.

Next, select a recirculation rate either from Table 1, or use the rate recommended by the evaporator manufacturer.

Now multiply the GPM/TR factor (from Chart 1 or 2) by the refrigeration load of the system (TR) and then by the
recirculation rate to obtain the required pump capacity in GPM (gallons per minute).

For example, suppose you had a 200 TR ammonia system operating at


-20F. If the evaporators are set up in an Upfeed configuration, you might use a
Recirculation Rate of 4.
From Chart 1 for ammonia you see that the GPM / TR is about 0.061, so the
required pump capacity is:

0.061 (GPM / TR) X 200 (TR) X 4 = 48 GPM

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Chart 1: Liquid Ammonia Flow Rates

0.075

0.07

0.065

0.06

0.055
-60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40

Sat. Liquid NH3 Temperature (deg.F)

Temperature Pressure Density Refrigerating Mass Volume flow


Effect flow
lb BTU lb/min CFM GPM
F psig
ft3 lb TR TR TR
30 45.0 39.96 544.8 .3671 .0092 .0687
20 33.5 40.43 553.1 .3616 .0089 .0669
10 23.8 4089 561.1 .3564 .0087 .0652
0 15.7 41.34 568.9 .3516 .0085 .0636
-10 9.0 41.78 576.4 .3470 .0083 .0621
-20 3.6 42.2 583.6 .3427 .0081 .0607
-30 1.6* 42.65 590.7 .3386 .0079 .0594
-40 8.7* 43.07 597.6 .3347 .0078 .0581
-50 14.3* 43.49 604.3 .3310 .0076 .0569
*Inches of mercury below one atmosphere

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Chart 2: Liquid R22 Flow Rates

0.23

0.22

0.21

0.2

0.19

0.18

0.17

0.16
-60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
Sat. Liquid R22 Temperature (deg.F)

Temperature Pressure Density Refrigerating Mass Volume flow


Effect flow
lb BTU lb/min CFM GPM
F psig
ft3 lb TR TR TR
30 54.9 80.4 88.7 2.26 .028 .210
20 43.0 81.6 90.5 2.21 .027 .203
10 32.8 82.7 92.3 2.17 .026 .196
0 24.0 83.8 94.1 2.13 .025 .190
-10 16.5 84.9 95.7 2.09 .025 .184
-20 10.1 85.0 97.3 2.06 .024 .179
-30 4.9 87.0 98.8 2.02 .023 .174
-40 0.5 88.0 100.3 1.99 .023 .169
-50 6.2* 89.0 101.7 1.97 .022 .165
*Inches of mercury below one atmosphere

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Table 1: Recommended Recirculation Rate

Mass of Liquid being Pumped


Recirc. Rate =
Mass Vaporized

System Type Recirculation Rate


Ammonia - Downfeed 6-7
Ammonia - Upfeed 2-4
R22 - Upfeed 3

Pump Head
The pump size required depends on both the capacity (GPM) and the resistance that the pump must overcome to
move the refrigerant. This resistance is the pump head, measured in feet, and is equivalent to the effort needed
to lift a column of fluid a given height.

The pump head is made up of a number of components, including:


The height difference between the pump and the evaporator
The length, diameter and type of pipe between the pump and evaporator
The valves and fittings in the liquid feed line
The type and temperature of the refrigerant that is being pumped

The calculation of pump head is beyond the scope of this manual. A competent refrigeration system designer will
be able to calculate the pump head.

Once the pump head has been determined, use Chart 3 to select the pump that can deliver the flow (GPM)
required by your application and exceeds the head (feet) required by your application.

For example, suppose the pump head for the 48 GPM requirement was 100 feet.
From Chart 3 you can see that the HRP-5040 can supply about 45 GPM at 100 ft. of
head. This is a little too small, so the next size pump (HRP-5050) should be selected.

The HRP-5050 will supply up to 60 GPM at 100 ft. head.

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Chart 3: HRP Series Pump Capacity


1000

HRP 5050

HRP 5040
100
HRP 3232
Head (ft.)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
GPM
1000

HRP 10080
100

HRP 8050
Head (ft.)

10

1
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
GPM

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Pump Installation and Application

Pump Mounting and Electrical Connection

For pump dimensions and weights see Figures 1 & 2.

The HRP-Series pumps can be mounted by either of two methods: foot mounting or suspension mounting, shown
in Figures 3 & 4 below.

If the pump is foot mounted, be sure the pump is properly aligned with the inlet and discharge piping. Never use
the mounting bolts to pull the pump down onto the frame. Remember the pipes will shrink at low temperatures,
increasing any stresses in the pipes and in the pump mounting feet. Use shims if necessary to ensure proper
alignment. Also, allow sufficient space for the pump to be moved and tilted for maintenance, as shown in Figure
3.

While foot mounting is satisfactory, suspension mounting offers a number of advantages, including:
Reduced thermal stresses on the piping,
Easier access to the conical inlet strainer, and
Easier access to the drip tray.

The threaded rods used for suspension mounting should be long enough to allow the pump to be lowered and
pivoted for maintenance, as shown in Figure 4.

Whichever mounting scheme is used, sufficient space should always be allowed for servicing and inspecting the
pump and its valves, as well as for normal ice accumulation around the pump. Also, be sure the pump flange
connections are properly aligned. Never use the flange bolts to align or stretch the pipe. This can cause damage
to the piping or pump, especially during times of thermal contraction and expansion.

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Figure 3: Foot Mounting HRP Pumps

40" Min.

ALLOW SUFFICIENT ACCESS


TO DRAIN VALVE

CONICAL
SCREEN REMOVAL
AND OTHER
MAINTENANCE.

HRP-3232
HRP-5040, 5050, 8050, 10080
(SHOWN DISCONNECTED FROM PIPING
AND ROTATED FOR SERVICING)

foot mount

Figure 4: Suspension Mounting HRP Pumps

THREADED ROD

40" Min.
THREADED ROD

EASIER CONICAL
SCREEN REMOVAL
AND OTHER
MAINTENANCE.

HRP-5040
HRP-3232
(SHOWN DISCONNECTED HRP-5050
FROM PIPING FOR HRP-8050
MAINTENANCE.)
susp mount HRP-10080

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It is important that the electrical cables loop downward before entering the connection box, as shown in Figure 5.
This loop allows any condensate to flow along the cables, away from the pump. This loop should be sufficient to
allow the pump to be tilted or moved as shown in Figures 3 and 4.

A typical wiring diagram is shown in Figure 10, following a discussion of the devices that work with the pump to
ensure safe, satisfactory operation.

Figure 5: Electrical Connection with Loop in Cable

ELECTRICAL
CABLES

ALLOW CABLES TO
LOOP DOWNWARD

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Typical Piping Arrangement

A typical piping arrangement for an HRP-Series refrigerant pump would consist of a liquid recirculating vessel, a
number of different types of control valves and switches, as well as the piping to connect the pump with this
equipment. Figure 6, below, and the following discussion provide some information for properly designing a safe,
well-functioning arrangement.

The HRP-5040, 5050, 8050 and 10080 pumps must be mounted such that their centerline is at least 40 inches
below the bottom of the recirculating vessel (see Figure 4). The HRP-3232s discharge connection should be at least
40 inches below the recirculating vessel, as shown in Figure 3. This will ensure that there will always be adequate
inlet pressure (Net Positive Suction Head or NPSH). The minimum liquid level above the bottom of the vessel gives
further assurance of satisfactory pump performance.

Figure 6: Typical Piping Arrangement

TO COMPRESSORS LIQUID & VAPOR


RETURN FROM
EVAPORATORS
LOW-LEVEL
SWITCH
(FOR PUMP RECIRCULATING
SHUT-DOWN) PRESSURE VESSEL
LIQUID MAKE-UP

MINIMUM LIQUID
OPERATING LEVEL LIQUID OUTLET WITH
VORTEX BREAKER

2"
BOTTOM OF MIN
OIL TRAP
RECIRC. VESSEL

A4AL PRESSURE
4 PIPE DIA'S BY-PASS VALVE
FROM ELL FLOW SAFETY
OR VALVE
DROP LEG SWITCH
(TABLE 3) (SEE FIG. 9)

40" MIN
LOW
PRESSURE-DROP LIQUID SUPPLY TO
STOP VALVE COMBINATION EVAPORATORS
AT PUMP INLET STOP/CHECK VALVE
AT PUMP OUTLET

PUMP-OUT
CONNECTION

DISCHARGE & SUCTION


CONNECTION FLANGES
FURNISHED WITH PUMP

TYPPIPE

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Liquid Recirculating Vessel

The recirculating vessel must comply with certain requirements to ensure a well functioning system and long
pump life. For example:

The pump must be protected from an inadequate liquid level. Either a separate low liquid level switch or an
isolated contact from an electronic level sensor must be available to shut down the pump when the liquid
level falls below a certain level.

A vortex breaker at the liquid outlet connection to the pump helps to ensure a good quality supply of liquid to
the pump. The liquid outlet nozzle should protrude approximately two inches into the shell of the vessel.
This will prevent oil and other contaminants from entering the pump.

In installations where multiple pumps are required, each pump should have its own dedicated liquid supply
connection. This will prevent interaction between pumps. Only if one pump is intended for stand-by use,
should both pumps share a common drop leg.

Figure 7: Multiple Pump Installation

PUMP INLETS SHOULD BE


LOCATED AS FAR AS POSSIBLE
FROM LIQUID RETURN LINES.

WHEN CONNECTING TWO PUMPS


TO A VESSEL, EACH PUMP MUST
HAVE A SEPARATE SUCTION LINE.
MULTIPUMP

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Drop Leg Connection

Ideally, the liquid should flow directly downward from the recirculating vessel to the pump, without horizontal
runs. This will help ensure that any gas bubbles that form between the vessel and the pump will rise back into the
vessel. Flow velocity between the vessel and the pump should not exceed 60 feet/minute.

Table 2 gives the recommended drop leg sizes for each pump. These sizes permit approximately 60 ft/min of
flow through the drop leg. Also included in the table are the recommended sizes for the pump inlet stop-valve.
This valve should be of a low pressure-drop design. The drop leg should be connected directly to the pump inlet
via a low pressure-drop stop-valve, without elbows or horizontal sections. An optional stop-valve can be supplied
with each pump.

Table 2: Inlet Connection Sizes

Pump Model Drop Leg (Nominal Pipe Size) Pump Inlet Stop-Valve
HRP-3232 4" 1-1/2"
HRP-5040 5" 2"
HRP-5050 6" 2"
HRP-8050 8" 3"
HRP-10080 10" 4"

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Inlet Strainer

All of the HRP pumps are equipped with a fine-mesh conical inlet strainer, located inside the pump. An alternate,
external strainer is also available as an option. The external strainer offers the advantage that there is no need to
disconnect any piping for servicing. Simply isolate the pump with the inlet and discharge valves and evacuate the
pump via the pump-out connection (discussed later).

Easy strainer access can be especially useful during the period just after initial start-up. There is then more likely
to be a higher concentration of debris in the piping during this time and frequent inspection and cleaning of the
strainer basket is recommended.

After initial start-up, the strainer basket can either be removed for lower pressure drop to the pump inlet (the
internal conical strainer will continue to protect the pump) or left in place for continued ease of service.
Discharge Connection

Table 3 gives the recommended discharge line sizes each pump. These sizes permit approximately 300 ft/min of
flow through the discharge. Also included in the table are the recommended sizes for the pump-outlet combina-
tion stop/check valve. Low pressure-drop discharge valves are available as options with each pump.
Table 3: Discharge Connection Sizes

Pump Model Discharge Line (Nominal Pipe Size) Pump Discharge Stop-Valve
HRP-3232 1-1/2" 1-1/2"
HRP-5040 1-1/2" 1-1/2"
HRP-5050 2" 2"
HRP-8050 2" 2"
HRP-10080 3" 3"

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Figure 8: Optional Equipment

DROP LEG
W/REDUCER INCHES
HRP-8050
HRP-3232 HRP-5040 HRP-5050 HRP-10080
A 7.6 * 7.6 8.3 8.3 11.5
"C" B 14.0 14.6 14.6 18.2 20.3
LOW PR DROP C 7.6 8.3 8.3 11.5 12.0
STOP VALVE
* HRP-3232 DISCHARGE VALVE IS ORIENTED
HORIZONTALLY. (SEE FIGURE 3)

"B"
STRAINER
"A"
W/FLANGES
COMBINATION
STOP/CHECK
VALVE

PUMP-DOWN
PIPE STUB W/ CONNECTION
GAUGE CONNECTION RECOMMENDED
RECOMMENDED
PUMP PUMP
SUCTION DISCHARGE GAUGE CONNECTION RECOMMENDED

IMPORTANT NOTE

While there is liquid refrigerant inside the pump, never close the inlet valve, discharge valve, and pump-
down connection simultaneously. Pressure increases due to vaporization of the refrigerant could damage the
pump and result in a release of refrigerant.

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Minimum Flow Probe


Under some operating conditions, the pump is capable of producing a significant outlet pressure without volume
flow. This situation can cause damage to the pump and system piping. Consequently, a minimum flow probe is
supplied with each pump, and must be installed in the pump discharge line (see Figure 9). If the flow velocity
drops below 40 ft./min, the pump is shut down and an indicator light is illuminated.

Figure 9: Recommended Flow Probe Installation

PROBE MUST PROTRUDE


DISCHARGE 0.25" MIN INTO FLOW
PIPE

BN
WT

BU
BK

MOUNT PROBE
HORIZONTALLY

(.938)
1/2" NPT
HALF COUPLING
1.653
PROBE LENGTH

LOCATE PROBE AT LEAST


FOUR PIPE DIAMETERS FROM
ANY BENDS OR INTERSECTIONS

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Pressure Gauge and 3-Way Valve

A single pressure gauge that can be switched between the pump suction and discharge connections enables
quick and accurate measurements of the pump differential pressure (see Figure 10). This arrangement makes
monitoring pump performance and performing diagnostics quicker and easier. A 3-way valve and gauge are
available as options.

Figure 10: Pressure Gauge & 3-Way Valve

OPTIONAL
3-WAY VALVE
& PRESSURE GAUGE

3-WAY

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Pressure Limiting Valve

Installation of a pressure-limiting valve prevents the pump from exceeding its recommended maximum head
pressure. This can happen when a number of evaporators shut down in a multi-evaporator system. The valve
will also help to ensure that there is always liquid flow through the system. An optional Refrigerating Specialties
A4AL differential regulator is suggested for this purpose. See Table 4, below, for recommended valve sizes.

Table 4: Pressure Limit Valve Sizes

Pump Model A4AL Valve Size


HRP-3232 3/4"
HRP-5040
HRP-5050
HRP-8050 1-1/4"
HRP-10080 1-5/8"

To determine the pressure setting for this valve, first refer to Table 5. This table shows the recommended maximum
head in feet for your particular pump. Next, find the appropriate conversion factor in Table 6 for your systems
refrigerant and operating temperature.

To convert feet of head to pressure in pounds per square inch multiply the conversion factor from Table 6 by the
recommended maximum head from Table 5.

For example, an HRP-5050 would have a maximum recommended Pump Head of


230 feet (per Table 5). If the system was operating at -20F, the Pressure Limiting
Valve should be set, using the factor from Table 6, to
230 X .293 = 67 psi

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Table 5: Recommended Maximum Pump Head

Pump Model & RPM Maximum Flow - GPM Max. Head ft.
HRP-3232 23 145
HRP-5040 61 160
HRP-5050 72 230
HRP-8050 154 245
HRP-10080 290 210

Table 6: Conversion Factors

Temperature Conversion Factor


deg.F Ammonia R22
50 0.271 0.540
40 0.274 0.549
30 0.278 0.557
20 0.281 0.565
10 0.284 0.573
0 0.287 0.581
-10 0.290 0.588
-20 0.293 0.596
-30 0.296 0.603
-40 0.299 0.610
-50 0.302 0.617

Pump-Out Connection and Valve

A pump-out connection and valve is recommended to be located between the pump inlet and outlet valves. This
will facilitate service of the pump should that become necessary.

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Typical Wiring Diagram


A typical wiring diagram showing the recommended pump protection devices is shown in the figure below.

MOTOR
THERM
LOW FLOW PROTECT MOTOR
LEVEL SWITCH STARTER
O SWITCH
H A
8 6 11 14

FLOW FAILURE

RESET

INT69 V
L THERM PROTECT RELAY

12

PTC AT
MOTOR
MOTOR THERMAL
2 PROTECTION

RESET

16
15
14
FLOW SWITCH
13
FLOW
PROBE
IN DISCH
WIRING

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Pump Start-up

Prior to starting the pump, the entire refrigeration system should be pressure tested, vacuum tested and fully
charged with refrigerant. The pump suction and discharge valves must be fully open. Isolation valves on each side of
the pressure by-pass valve must be fully open. Any pressure differential switch must be set at least three psi above
the system static head.

Be sure there is enough refrigerant in the recirculation vessel to permit at least three minutes of running time.
Finally, be sure the pump is properly and safely wired and that all safety protection devices are in place.

Switch the motor power on. If any unusual or unexpected sounds are heard when the pump is started, immedi-
ately switch off the pump and investigate the cause.

After start-up, check and record the motor current draw (amps) and the pressure differential across the pump. If
the current or pressure difference is smaller than expected, the suction may be rotating in the wrong direction.
Incorrect pump rotation can result in cavitation, leading to impeller damage. Swapping two of the three phase
connections will reverse pump rotation.

After two hours of operation, check and record the motor current and pump pressure differential. (A significant
drop in either the current or the pressure differential could indicate a blocked inlet strainer). Check and record the
current and pressure differential every eight hours for the next two weeks. At this time, the inlet strainer should be
removed, cleaned, inspected and reinstalled. Depending on the degree of contamination, the strainer should be
inspected and cleaned at regular intervals.

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Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Pump Operation and Maintenance

During normal operation, the pump does not require any specific maintenance. There is no need to refill or
change the oil. However, the following items should be inspected regularly:

Inlet Strainer Filter


Recirculation piping for oil contamination
Pump pressure differential
Bearing wear (see Figure 14)

At least once a year, check the pumps operational settings and safety devices. The date and other pertinent
information from each inspection should be recorded.

Before disassembling the suction and discharge connections to inspect the suction filter, both the suction and
discharge stop valves must be closed and the liquid refrigerant must be discharged through the pump-out
connection (Figure 6). Be sure the pressure in the pump has been vented to atmospheric pressure before the
flange bolts are removed.

While there is liquid refrigerant inside the pump, never close the inlet valve, discharge valve, and pump-
down connection simultaneously. Pressure increases due to vaporization of the refrigerant could damage the
pump and result in a release of refrigerant.

Before moving or servicing the pump, the refrigerant must be completely discharged.
Warming the outside of the pump WITH WARM WATER ONLY will accelerate the boiling-
off of liquid refrigerant.

NEVER USE A FLAME TO WARM-UP THE PUMP!

Purge any remaining refrigerant vapor, and vent the pump to atmospheric pressure
before loosening flange bolts.

Parker Hannifin Corporation


25 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

When Pump is Switched Off:

Note that when the pump is switched off, only the inlet (suction) valve should be closed. This will prevent oil from
collecting in the pump suction housing. The discharge valve should remain open to prevent vaporized refrigerant from
being trapped in the pump.

If any oil enters the pump suction housing during shutdown, it will need to be drained before the pump is restarted.
Failure to do so will prevent the pump from operating properly and could result in damage to the pump.

Draining Oil from the Suction Housing:

Oil in the suction housing can prevent sufficient refrigerant from reaching the pump motor. This will result in overheat-
ing, and trip the built-in thermal switch.

Oil may be drained through the drain plug (Figures 12 & 13) after the liquid refrigerant has been drained from the
suction housing, as outlined previously. Carefully open the drain plug -turn to depressurize the suction housing.
Before removing the drain plug, be sure pressure in the housing has been equalized to atmospheric.

At low temperatures, oil removal can be a slow process. Warming the pump housing with warm water only may
quicken the process. Never warm the pump housing with an open flame.

Damage to the Rotor Can

In normal operation, the rotor portion of the motor is exposed directly to the liquid refrigerant. Damage to the
rotor-can could result in refrigerant leaking into the stator portion of the motor. Because the stator housing is
designed to be pressure-tight, a leaking rotor-can will not be apparent.

To determine if the rotor-can is leaking, carefully loosen the stator housing drain plug -turn. Special care should
be taken not to loosen the drain plug too much or too quickly because the stator may be pressurized. Any
ammonia in the stator will be apparent by the smell. A leak detector will be needed to determine if there is any R-22
in the stator.

Parker Hannifin Corporation


26 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Figure 12: HRP-3232 Major Component Identification

SUCTION HOUSING

ROTOR CAN

STATOR HOUSING

OIL DRAIN VALVE STATOR DRAIN PLUG

Parker Hannifin Corporation


27 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Figure 13: HRP-5040, 5050, 8050, 10080 Major Component Identification

ROTOR CAN

STATOR HOUSING
DRAIN PLUG

BEARING
FILTER

SUCTION HOUSING
STATOR HOUSING
DRAIN PLUG

Parker Hannifin Corporation


28 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Special Note on Bearing Wear

The HRP-5040, 5050, 8050 and 10080 and are equipped with a special external sensor connection that allow
detection of bearing wear while the pump is at stand-still. To check for worn bearings, remove the cap over the
sensor wire (Figure 14) and connect an ohmmeter between the sensor wire and the pump housing. Zero or low
electrical resistance indicates that the bearings are worn, and the pump is in need of repair.

Figure 14: Checking for Bearing Wear (HRP-5040, 5050, 8050, 10080)

CONNECT ONE
TEST LEAD TO
PUMP HOUSING

CONNECT ONE
TEST LEAD TO
BEARING WEAR
SENSOR

Parker Hannifin Corporation


29 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Troubleshooting

(Fuses/Breakers tripped)

Pump makes scratching


Low pumping capacity

Bearings wear quickly


(Flow Switch tripped)
(Motor Temperature

Pump Does not run


Pump does not run

Pump does not run


Protection tripped)

noise
Possible Cause
Moisture in terminal box:
X X
Check connections & seal terminal box.
X Bearing filter dirty. (HRP-5040,5050,8050)
Motor being cycled on/off too frequently.
X
Do not cycle motor more than 6 times per hour.
X X Bearings worn.
X X X X Rotor contacting can.
X X Excessive oil in refrigerant.
X X Excessive dirt in refrigerant.
X X Too much flow through pump.
X Improper flow switch setting.
X X X Suction valve not fully open.
X X Discharge valve not fully open.
Too quick start-up or capacity steps of
X
compressor(s).
X Too quick switch-off of big capacities.
Pump rotating in wrong direction.
X X (Swapping two of the three power leads can
reverse pump rotation.)
Insufficient suction head due to:
X X X Too much gas in liquid refrigerant, or
Liquid level in recirculation vessel too low.
X X Evaporator feed valve(s) closed.
X X Pressure by-pass valve set too low.
X X Blockage in piping system.
X X X Pump inlet strainer dirty.
X X Impeller(s) worn.
X X Improper power supply.
X X Oil in pump at low temperature
X X Debris inside pump
X Evaporator temperature dropping too fast

Parker Hannifin Corporation


30 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
Bulletin HRP-00 Refrigerant Pump Service and Operation Manual

Offer of Sale
The items described in this document and other documents or descriptions provided by Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiaries and its authorized
distributors are hereby offered for sale at prices to be established by Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiaries and its authorized distributors. This offer
and its acceptance by any customer ("Buyer") shall be governed by all of the following Terms and Conditions. Buyers order for any such items, when
communicated to Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiary or an authorized distributor ("Seller") verbally or in writing, shall constitute acceptance of this
offer.
in its sole discretion at any time.
1. Terms and Conditions of Sale: All descriptions, quotations, proposals,
8. Buyers Property: Any designs, tools, patterns, materials, drawings,
offers, acknowledgments, acceptances and sales of Sellers products are
subject to and shall be governed exclusively by the terms and conditions confidential information or equipment furnished by Buyer or any other items
which become Buyers property, may be considered obsolete and may be
stated herein. Buyers acceptance of any offer to sell is limited to these
destroyed by Seller after two (2) consecutive years have elapsed without
terms and conditions. Any terms or conditions in addition to, or inconsistent
with those stated herein, proposed by Buyer in any acceptance of an offer Buyer placing an order for the items which are manufactured using such
property, Seller shall not be responsible for any loss or damage to such
by Seller, are hereby objected to. No such additional, different or inconsis-
property while it is in Sellers possession or control.
tent terms and conditions shall become part of the contract between Buyer
and Seller unless expressly accepted in writing by Seller. Sellers accep- 9. Taxes: Unless otherwise indicated on the face hereof, all prices and
charges are exclusive of excise, sales, use, property, occupational or like
tance of any offer to purchase by Buyer is expressly conditional upon
taxes which may be imposed by any taxing authority upon the manufacture,
Buyers assent to all the terms and conditions stated herein, including any
terms in addition to, or inconsistent with those contained in Buyers offer, sale or delivery of the items sold hereunder. If any such taxes must be paid
by Seller or if Seller is liable for the collection of such tax, the amount thereof
Acceptance of Sellers products shall in all events constitute such assent.
shall be in addition to the amounts for the items sold. Buyer agrees to pay
2. Payment: Payment shall be made by Buyer net 30 days from the date
of delivery of the items purchased hereunder. Amounts not timely paid shall all such taxes or to reimburse Seller therefore upon receipt of its invoice. If
Buyer claims exemption from any sales, use or other tax imposed by any
bear interest at the maximum rate permitted by law for each month or
taxing authority, Buyer shall save Seller harmless from and against any
portion thereof that the Buyer is late in making payment. Any claims by
Buyer for omissions or shortages in a shipment shall be waived unless such tax, together with any interest or penalties thereon which may be
assessed if the items are held to be taxable.
Seller receives notice thereof within 30 days after Buyers receipt of the
10. Indemnity For Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights: Seller
shipment.
3. Delivery: Unless otherwise provided on the face hereof, delivery shall shall have no liability for infringement of any patents, trademarks, copy-
rights, trade dress, trade secrets or similar rights except as provided in this
be made F.O.B. Sellers plant. Regardless of the method of delivery,
Part 10. Seller will defend and indemnify Buyer against allegations of
however, risk of loss shall pass to Buyer upon Sellers delivery to a carrier.
Any delivery dates shown are approximate only and Seller shall have no infringement of U.S. Patents, U.S. Trademarks, copyrights, trade dress and
trade secrets (hereinafter Intellectual Property Rights). Seller will defend
liability for any delays in delivery.
at its expense and will pay the cost of any settlement or damages awarded
4. Warranty: Seller warrants that the items sold hereunder shall be free
from defects in material or workmanship for a period of 18 months from in an action brought against Buyer based on an allegation that an item sold
pursuant to this contract infringes the Intellectual Property Rights of a third
date of shipment from Parker Hannifin Corporation. THIS WARRANTY
party. Sellers obligation to defend and indemnify Buyer is contingent on
COMPRISES THE SOLE AND ENTIRE WARRANTY PERTAINING TO
ITEMS PROVIDED HEREUNDER. SELLER MAKES NO OTHER WAR- Buyer notifying Seller within ten (10) days after Buyer becomes aware of
such allegations of infringement, and Seller having sole control over the
RANTY, GUARANTEE, OR REPRESENTATION OF ANY KIND WHAT-
defense of any allegations or actions including all negotiations for settle-
SOEVER. ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
ment or compromise. If an item sold hereunder is subject to a claim that it
TO, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR PURPOSE, WHETHER
infringes the Intellectual Property Rights of a third party, Seller may, at its
EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR ARISING BY OPERATION OF LAW, TRADE
sole expense and option, procure for Buyer the right to continue using said
USAGE, OR COURSE OF DEALING ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED.
item, replace or modify said item so as to make it noninfringing, or offer to
NOTWITHSTANDING THE FOREGOING, THERE ARE NO WARRAN-
accept return of said item and return the purchase price less a reasonable
TIES WHATSOEVER ON ITEMS BUILT OR ACQUIRED WHOLLY OR
allowance for depreciation. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Seller shall have
PARTIALLY, TO BUYERS DESIGNS OR SPECIFICATIONS.
no liability for claims of infringement based on information provided by
5. Limitation Of Remedy: SELLERS LIABILITY ARISING FROM OR IN
Buyer, or directed to items delivered hereunder for which the designs are
ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH THE ITEMS SOLD OR THIS CONTRACT
specified in whole or part by Buyer, or infringements resulting from the
SHALL BE LIMITED EXCLUSIVELY TO REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT
modification, combination or use in a system of any item sold hereunder.
OF THE ITEMS SOLD OR REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE PAID BY
The foregoing provisions of this Part 10 shall constitute Sellers sole and
BUYER, AT SELLERS SOLE OPTION. IN NO EVENT SHALL SELLER
exclusive liability and Buyers sole and exclusive remedy for infringement of
BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL
Intellectual Property Rights.
DAMAGES OF ANY KIND OR NATURE WHATSOEVER, INC.
If a claim is based on information provided by Buyer or if the design for an
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS ARISING FROM
item delivered hereunder is specified in whole or in part by Buyer, Buyer
OR IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH THIS AGREEMENT OR ITEMS
shall defend and indemnify Seller for all costs, expenses or judgments
SOLD HEREUNDER, WHETHER ALLEGED TO ARISE FROM BREACH
resulting from any claim that such item infringes any patent, trademark,
OF CONTRACT, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, OR IN TORT,
copyright, trade dress, trade secret or any similar right.
INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, NEGLIGENCE, FAILURE TO
11. Force Majeure: Seller does not assume the risk of and shall not be
WARN OR STRICT LIABILITY.
liable for delay or failure to perform any of Sellers obligations by reason of
6. Changes, Reschedules and Cancellations: Buyer may request to
circumstances beyond the reasonable control of Seller (hereinafter Events
modify the designs or specifications for the items sold hereunder as well
of Force Majeure). Events of Force Majeure shall include without limitation,
as the quantities and delivery dates thereof, or may request to cancel all or
accidents, acts of God, strikes or labor disputes, acts, laws, rules or
part of this order, however, no such requested modification or cancellation
regulations of any government or government agency, fires, floods, delays
shall become part of the contract between Buyer and Seller unless
or failures in delivery of carriers or suppliers, shortages of materials and any
accepted by Seller in a written amendment to this Agreement. Acceptance
other cause beyond Sellers control.
of any such requested modification or cancellation shall be at Sellers
12. Entire Agreement/Governing Law: The terms and conditions set
discretion, and shall be upon such terms and conditions as Seller may
forth herein, together with any amendments, modifications and any differ-
require.
ent terms or conditions expressly accepted by Seller in writing, shall
7. Special Tooling: A tooling charge may be imposed for any special
constitute the entire Agreement concerning the items sold, and there are no
tooling, including without limitation, dies, fixtures, molds and patterns,
oral or other representations or agreements which pertain thereto. This
acquired to manufacture items sold pursuant to this contract. Such special
Agreement shall be governed in all respects by the law of the State of Ohio.
tooling shall be and remain Sellers property notwithstanding payment of
No actions arising out of the sale of the items sold hereunder or this
any charges by Buyer. In no event will Buyer acquire any interest in
Agreement may be brought by either party more than two (2) years after the
apparatus belonging to Seller which is utilized in the notwithstanding any
cause of action accrues.
charges paid by Buyer. Unless otherwise agreed, Seller shall have the right
to alter, discard or otherwise dispose of any special tooling or other property
9/91-P
Parker Hannifin Corporation
31 Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/rs
WARNING
FAILURE OR IMPROPER SELECTION OR IMPROPER USE OF THE PRODUCTS AND/OR SYSTEMS DESCRIBED HEREIN OR RELATED ITEMS CAN CAUSE DEATH, PERSONAL
INJURY AND PROPERTY DAMAGE.
This document and other information from Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiaries and authorized distributors provide product and/or system options for further investigation
by users having technical expertise. It is important that you analyze all aspects of your application and review the information concerning the product or system in the current
product catalog. Due to the variety of operating conditions and applications for these products or systems, the user, through its own analysis and testing, is solely responsible for
making the final selection of the products and systems and assuring that all performance, safety and warning requirements of the application are met.
The products described herein, including without limitation, product features, specifications, designs, availability and pricing, are subject to change by Parker Hannifin Corporation
and its subsidiaries at any time without notice.

Copyright 1999, Parker Hannifin Corporation, All Rights Reserved. The items described in this document are hereby offered for sale by Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiaries
or its authorized distributors. This offer and its acceptance are governed by the provisions stated in the Offer of Sale

Parker Hannifin Corporation


Broadview, IL 60155
(708) 681-6300 fax: (708) 681-6306
www.parker.com/refspec