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Science

Year 7

Transition

Equipment allowed: calculator, pen, pencil,


ruler, protractor or angle measurer, eraser.

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No other equipment allowed.

Name

Date

WS: SA

WS: ESI

WS: AE
Year 7

1 The diagram below shows six pieces of equipment.

A B C

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

D E F

1 (a) Linda investigates how quickly sugar dissolves in water.

1 (a) (i) Which piece of equipment does she use to weigh 5 g of sugar?

Tick the correct box.

A B C D E F

1 mark

1 (a) (ii) Which piece of equipment does she use to measure out 90 cm3 of water?

Tick the correct box.

A B C D E F

1 mark

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1 (b) Linda heats the water in a beaker.

1 (b) (i) Which piece of equipment shown is a beaker?

Tick the correct box.

A B C D E F

1 mark

1 (b) (ii) Which piece of equipment shown is used to heat water?

Tick the correct box.

A B C D E F

1 mark

1 (c) Linda adds 5 g of sugar to the hot water.

1 (c) (i) She measures the time it takes for the sugar to dissolve.

The equipment used for timing is not shown in the diagram.

What piece of equipment is used to measure the time taken?

_________________________________
1 mark

1 (c) (ii) The equipment used to measure the temperature of the water is not shown in
the diagram.

What piece of equipment is used to measure temperature?

_________________________________
1 mark
maximum
6 marks

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2 Andrew put his rabbits cage on the grass.

A week later, the grass under the cage had turned yellow.

2 (a) Give one reason why the grass had turned yellow.

1 mark

2 (b) Andrew wanted to test why the grass had turned yellow. He put two sheets of
plastic just above another patch of grass. One sheet was black and the other sheet
was clear.

black plastic sheet clear plastic sheet

A week later, the grass under the black sheet was yellow. The grass under the
clear sheet was green.

2 (b) (i) Explain why he used the clear plastic sheet as well as the black sheet.

1 mark

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2 (b) (ii) Andrew left the black sheet there for several more weeks.

What happened to the grass under it?

1 mark

2 (c) Tick the boxes by two things which both rabbits and grass plants can do.

they eat

they grow

they move from place to place

they reproduce

they breathe in and out

2 marks
maximum
5 marks

Turn over for the next question

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3 (a) Tom watched birds feeding in his garden.

He spotted the birds shown below.

blackbird blue tit bullfinch dove sparrow robin


not to scale

Tom recorded what the birds in his garden ate.

His results are shown below.

type of food
bird
fruit nuts worms seeds

blackbird

blue tit

bullfinch

dove

sparrow

robin

Use the information in the table to answer the following questions.

3 (a) (i) Tom put some pieces of fruit in his garden.

Which two birds will eat this food?

_______________________________ and _______________________________


1 mark

3 (a) (ii) How many types of bird eat nuts?

_______________________
1 mark

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3 (a) (iii) Which food from the table opposite will attract the most types of bird?

_______________________
1 mark

3 (a) (iv) Which bird from the table eats the most types of food?

_______________________
1 mark

3 (b) What are birds covered with to keep them warm?

_______________________
1 mark

3 (c) Many birds reproduce in the spring.

Suggest why birds need extra food in the spring.

1 mark
maximum
6 marks

Turn over for the next question

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4 Yasmin investigated the stopping distance of a trolley.

She let go of the trolley


trolley.
ramp sponge
It hit a sponge at
the bottom of the book
ramp.

She measured
how far the
sponge moved.

This is the stopping


distance. stopping distance

4 (a) Yasmin did the investigation five times.

She changed the steepness of the ramp each time.

4 (a) (i) How could she make this ramp steeper?

1 mark

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4 (a) (ii) Yasmins results are shown in the table.

steepness stopping distance


of ramp (cm)

A 10

B 16

C 16

D 28

E 34

She predicted, The steeper the ramp, the greater the stopping distance.

If Yasmin was correct, which ramp was the steepest?

Write the letter. _________


1 mark

4 (a) (iii) Yasmin looked at her results and decided she should repeat her investigation.

Look at Yasmins results.

Suggest why she decided to repeat her investigation.

1 mark

Question 4 continues on the next page

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4 (b) Yasmin then investigated the stopping distance of a trolley with different masses on it.

The graph shows her results.

100

80

60
stopping
distance
(cm)
40

20

0
0 100 200 300 400 500
mass added to trolley (g)

4 (b) (i) What would be the stopping distance if 0 g were on the trolley?

_______________________ cm
1 mark

4 (b) (ii) Complete the sentence with decreases, increases or stays the same.

As the mass added to the trolley increases,

the stopping distance _____________________________ .


1 mark
maximum
5 marks

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5 Simon added some salt to 100 cm3 of cold water in a beaker.

He stirred the water to dissolve the salt. He added more salt until no more
would dissolve.

He repeated his experiment with sugar, baking powder and instant coffee powder.

Each time, he used a different beaker containing 100 cm3 of cold water.

He drew a bar chart of his results.

90

80

70

60

mass 50
dissolved
in g 40

30

20

10

0
salt sugar baking coffee
powder

5 (a) Describe two ways in which Simon made this experiment a fair test.

1 __________________________________________________________________________________

2 __________________________________________________________________________________
2 marks

5 (b) Which one of the four solids was most soluble in water?

1 mark

5 (c) How could Simon make more salt dissolve in 100 cm3 of water?

1 mark
13 maximum
4 marks
6 (a) Peter used the equipment below to investigate growth of plants.

equipment measurement unit

measures the time


cm
for the experiment

measures the
C
temperature of the air

measures the length


days
of the plant

measures the mass


grams
of a plant

6 (a) (i) Draw one line from each piece of equipment to the measurement Peter made.
2 marks

6 (a) (ii) Then draw one line from each measurement to the correct unit.
2 marks

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6 (b) The diagrams below show four measuring containers.

cm3
50

40
cm3
cm3 30
100
50 cm3
40 20 75
50 30 50
20 10
10 25

A B C D

Which is the best container to use to measure 15 cm3 of water?

Write the letter. _________


1 mark

Why did you choose this container?

1 mark
maximum
6 marks

Turn over for the next question

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7 The drawing shows a fish called a cod.

gills

7 (a) (i) Name one part of the fish which it uses to move through the water.

1 mark

7 (a) (ii) The fish has gills. What are the gills for?

1 mark

7 (a) (iii) Look at the shape of the fish. How does the shape help the fish to move easily
through the water?

1 mark

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The pie chart shows the food eaten by a cod.

key:
crabs and prawns
shellfish
worms
small fish

7 (b) What is the main food eaten by a cod? ___________________________________


1 mark

7 (c) A food chain which ends with cod is:

tiny plant tiny animal small fish cod

Which is the producer in this food chain?

1 mark

7 (d) A cod eats other animals which live in the sea.

What is the name for an animal which catches and eats other animals?

Tick the correct box.

herbivore

predator

prey

producer

1 mark
maximum
6 marks

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8 (a) Draw a line from each change of state to the correct name.

Draw only four lines.

change of state name

solid to liquid evaporating

liquid to gas melting

gas to liquid condensing

liquid to solid freezing

3 marks

8 (b) Kate made some ice cubes from pure water.

She used a sensor to measure the temperature of the ice.

What temperature will the sensor show when the ice is melting?

________ C
1 mark

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8 (c) Kate made some more ice cubes from salt solutions.

She used a different amount of salt in each ice cube.

The table shows the temperature at which the ice cubes melted.

mass of salt in temperature ice


each ice cube (g) cube melted (C)

5 4

10 8

15 11

20 15

Look at the table above.

As the mass of salt increased, what happened to the temperature at which the
ice cube melted?

1 mark

8 (d) In very cold weather a mixture of salt and sand is spread on roads.

Why are salt and sand used?

Tick the two correct boxes.

Salt makes the roads white.

Sand dissolves in water.

Salt makes water freeze.

Sand increases friction between car tyres and the road.

Salt makes ice melt.

Sand makes water freeze.

2 marks
maximum
7 marks

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9 Anna has a can of deodorant that she uses once each day.

Before she uses the deodorant she measures the mass of the can.

9 (a) Her results are shown in the graph below.

202

200

198

196

194

mass 192
of can
(g) 190

188

186

184

182

180
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
day

9 (a) (i) What was the mass of the can of deodorant on day 1?

_________ g
1 mark

9 (a) (ii) How did the mass change as Anna used the deodorant?

1 mark

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9 (a) (iii) Anna did not use the deodorant on day 6.

How can you tell this from the graph?

1 mark

9 (b) A deodorant contains a solution of perfume and alcohol.

What happens to the perfume when it is mixed with the alcohol?

Tick the correct box.

It boils.

It dissolves.

It freezes.

It melts.

1 mark

9 (c) Anna sprayed the liquid deodorant under her arms.

After a few minutes, her skin had dried.

What happened to the liquid?

Tick the correct box.

It evaporated.

It dissolved.

It boiled.

It condensed.

1 mark
maximum
5 marks

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10 Joanne burnt four different crisps.

She predicted that the bigger the crisp, the longer it will burn.

10 (a) Joanne measured the time taken for each crisp to burn completely.

The bar chart shows Joannes results.

100

80

time taken 60
for crisp
to burn
(seconds) 40

20

0
A B C D
crisp

Look at the bar chart.

How much time did crisp D take to burn?

_____________ seconds
1 mark

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10 (b) The crisps Joanne used in her investigation are shown below.

crisp A crisp B crisp C crisp D

10 (b) (i) Joanne predicted that the bigger the crisp, the longer it will burn.

Do the results support Joannes prediction?

Tick one box.

yes no

Use Joannes results to explain your answer.

1 mark

10 (b) (ii) How can you tell that Joanne did not carry out a fair test?

1 mark

Question 10 continues on the next page

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10 (c) Joanne wrote some conclusions for her investigation.

Decide whether each conclusion is true, false, or you cannot tell.

Tick the correct box for each conclusion.

conclusion true false cannot


tell

Two crisps took the same amount


of time to burn.

The smallest crisp burnt for


the shortest time.

Two of the crisps burnt with flames


of the same size.

3 marks
maximum
6 marks

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11 Leanne had four rods, each made from a different metal.

She wanted to find out which metal was the best conductor of heat.

The diagram shows some of Leannes equipment.

metal ball stuck


on with wax
hot water

metal container
brass rod
copper rod
lead rod
iron rod

11 (a) Leannes results are shown in the table.

time for metal ball to


metal rod
drop off (seconds)

brass 36

copper 24

lead 246

iron 132

What measuring equipment did Leanne use to get her results?

1 mark

11 (b) Give two things Leanne must do to carry out a fair test.

1 __________________________________________________________________________________

2 __________________________________________________________________________________
2 marks

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11 (c) Which metal in the table was the best conductor of heat?

Tick the correct box.

brass

copper

iron

lead

1 mark
maximum
4 marks

Turn over for the next question

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12 Richard wanted to find out the best conditions for growing
lettuce plants.

He took 4 trays and planted 8 lettuce plants in each.

The results of his investigation are shown below.

variables

air temperature number of plants


tray light level soil moisture
(C) alive after 7 days

A medium 25 moist 8

B medium 25 dry 6

C medium 45 moist 2

D medium 45 dry 0

12 (a) How many days did Richards investigation last?

Use the table to help you.

__________ days
1 mark

12 (b) Look at the table. Which variables did Richard change in his investigation?

Tick the correct box.

light level and air temperature

soil moisture and type of soil

air temperature and soil moisture

type of soil and light level

1 mark

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12 (c) Richard said:

Lettuce plants grow


better at a medium
light level than at
other light levels.

Why is Richard not able to make this conclusion from his investigation?

1 mark

12 (d) The table below shows the number of lettuce plants alive at the end of day 1 and
day 7 of the investigation.

For each tray, A, B, C and D, suggest the number of plants that were alive on day 4.

Write your answers in the table below.

number of plants alive

tray day 1 day 4 day 7

A 8 8

B 8 6

C 8 2

D 4 0
2 marks
maximum
5 marks

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13 Paula made a pendulum from a ball attached to a piece of string.

length
of string

She counted the number of swings the ball made in 10 seconds.

She repeated the experiment with different lengths of string.

The table below shows Paulas results.

number of swings in
length of string (cm)
10 seconds

10 16

20 11

30 9

40 8

50 7

13 (a) What happens to the number of swings when the string gets longer?

1 mark

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13 (b) Paula drew a graph of her results.

13 (b) (i) Write the labels on both axes of the graph below.

Use the table to help you.

30

25

20

15

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60

2 marks

13 (b) (ii) Paula made a pendulum from a piece of string that was 15 cm long.

How many times would this pendulum swing in 10 seconds?

Use the graph to help you.

______________
1 mark

13 (b) (iii) Paula made a pendulum from a piece of string that was 60 cm long.

Estimate the number of swings the pendulum makes in 10 seconds.

Use the graph.

Tick the best answer.

18 12 6 4
1 mark

13 (c) After some time the pendulum stops moving.

What force makes the pendulum stop moving? ___________________________________


1 mark
maximum
31 6 marks
14 (a) The diagram shows two bar magnets.

magnet A magnet B

The north pole and south pole are shown on magnet A. The poles are not shown
on magnet B.

Describe an experiment you could do, using magnet A, to find which end of magnet B
is the north pole and which is the south pole.

3 marks

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14 (b) The diagram shows a wooden truck near a wall. There is a strong magnet fixed
to the wall and a strong magnet fixed to the front of the wooden truck.

wall
magnet
magnet fixed fixed to
to truck wall

wooden truck S N N S

table

James holds the wooden truck so that it does not move.

Then he lets go of the wooden truck. In which direction will it move?

1 mark

14 (c) James removes the magnet from the wooden truck. He gives the truck a push
so that it rolls along the table.

What effect will friction have on the speed of the truck as it rolls along?

1 mark
maximum
5 marks

Turn over for the next question

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15 The animals shown below live in different parts of a river.

A B C D E

15 (a) Use this key to identify animals A, B and C.

animal

no legs legs

more than
no shell shell 3 pairs
3 pairs

more than
no tail tail 4 pairs
4 pairs

water mayfly water water


tubifex lymnaea
beetle nymph spider louse

15 (a) (i) Animal A is a ______________________________________________________________________

15 (a) (ii) Animal B is a ______________________________________________________________________

15 (a) (iii) Animal C is a ______________________________________________________________________


3 marks

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15 (b) The diagram shows a river. Sewage pollutes the river at X. The amount of pollution
gets less as you go down the river from X. The animals A, B, C, D and E were found
living in the river at the places shown.

river flow

animals heavily polluted


A, B, C and D water less polluted
found here X
water

only animal E
animals
found here
C, D and E
found here

animals
A, B, C and D
found here

15 (b) (i) Which animal survives best in polluted water? Give the letter of the animal.

_____________________________________
1 mark

15 (b) (ii) Two of the animals cannot live in polluted water.

Give the letters of these two animals.

__________________ and __________________


2 marks
maximum
6 marks

END OF TEST

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