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Broadband Industry Workshop Phnom Penh,

Wednesday 5th December 2012

09.00-12.00 & 14.00-17.00

1. Opening and Welcome Ministry (MOPT)

2. The importance of Broadband and ITU initiatives Mr Sameer


Sharma, ITU
Why is broadband important to all countries, including Cambodia
What is the ITU doing globally and regionally on broadband
The present project and program is one of many
The ICT Development Index (IDI)
Where does Cambodia sit
Staying still is not an option
Recent progress in Cambodia and in the region

3. Industry view on Broadband TC and Mobile Association (2


presentations?)
What the industry is doing
Competition
Barriers especially policy, legislative or regulatory barriers
The industry vision for broadbanding Cambodia

4. The Cambodian National Broadband Policy Project Mr Jim


Holmes, ITU Expert
Project aims and deliverables
What is a National Broadband Policy? Why is it important to have one that is
effective?
Ownership and commitment
Recognition of previous work done in Cambodia
Supply-side challenges: Infrastructure and investment
Open Access and Broadband
Demand-side challenges: Pathfinder or Pilot Projects
Cultural preservation and economic transformation
Broadband administration administrative infrastructure
What we have learned this week
Data requirements for evidence-based policy and plans
Cooperation
Timetable
Next steps
5. Government view MOPT
Government aspirations for broadband in Cambodia
Government initiatives

6. Open Discussion
The question for all is: Are we on the right track?
Have we missed something that is important to Cambodia?
Are we doing something that will make a difference?

9. Workshop Close Ministry (MOPT)


MINISTRY OF POSTS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS OF CAMBODIA

MEDIA BRIEFING ON

Ensuring Cambodias Broadband Future

Phnom Penh

04 December 2012
In todays increasingly connected world, access to Information and
Communication Technology (ICT) holds the key to digital inclusion and
empowerment, which are essential for achieving Millennium Development Goals,
job creation and moving to information society. Increasingly access to ICT means
access to affordable broadband services enabling high speed internet access and
a range of other electronic communications services.

The Royal Government of Cambodia has a deep and abiding commitment to


ensuring that Cambodia remains competitive in the global economy through the
widespread adoption and use of broadband services. In addition, the Royal
Government recognises the importance of widespread broadband to enhance
social inclusion throughout all sectors of society.

Recognising the need for a whole-of government approach to broadband and the
importance of private investment in this sector, the Ministry of Posts and
Telecommunications and the Telecommunication Regulator of Cambodia, with
the support of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) have determined
to develop a National Broadband Policy for Cambodia and also an accompanying
Strategic Action Plan. In order to stimulate the adoption of broadband in
Cambodia, it requires commitment and ownership by the top leadership to
acknowledge broadband as key national priority for socio-economic development
and enhance global competitiveness of Cambodia amongst ASEAN.
Senior Advisor of ITU Mr. Sameer Sharma said ITU is committed to broadband
development in Cambodia with special focus on Digital Inclusion to promote
access to, as well as use and knowledge of, broadband services at affordable
prices to all business and residents in Cambodia. Commitment by the Royal
Government of Cambodia and concerted coordinated efforts amongst the
relevant Ministries and involvement of industry stakeholders in this work will
ensure early gains and movement of the whole Cambodian broadband eco-
system towards the critical mass needed for service take off.

The Acting Minister, H.E.M. Lar Narath expressed his commitment to facilitate the
implementation of the recommendations for Broadband Policy and associated
action Plan.

The first draft of the Policy is planned to be available as a consultation document


for comments by stakeholders in January 2013.

An Industry Broadband Workshop will be inaugurated by the Acting Minister, H.E.


Mr. Lar Narath. There will be representation from other relevant ministries and
organizations, including operators and service providers. Presentations will be
given by ITU experts, MPTC, TRC, TC and the industry.

The workshop will take place on 5th December 2012 from 9.00 am to 11.30 am in
the Ministry building in Phnom Penh.

Contact person:

H.E.Mr. KONG Seng

TRC 2nd Member

Phone: 016 697799

E Mail: kongseng.mptc@gmail.com



.
05 December 2012,
www.mptc.gov.kh MPTC, Meeting Hall 1
Content

4
Almost 6 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions

5
6
...




11,000 Gbps

80,000 Gbps







7
...

Growth in bandwidth
facilitates broadband uptake

8
...









44%


62%


25%



37%




9

10

Share of Internet users in the total population


11
...













30%


23%

12
Internet users by age and by development level, 2011* 77%

13
...


70% 1.900.000.000













7.000.000.000







45% 14

15






16
...
ICT




2015

17
...

Broadband
,

Cyber Law,
Radiocommunication Law (

ITU),




International Internet Exchange (IIX)
IPv6
KHNIC (DNS/IP Address) 18
...






Services Application
IP
Cloud Computing

19
...

21
...


Digital
Dividend

700 MHz
4G
TV
Mobile Broadband

22

23

24
Nation Optical Fiber Backbone Network

Optical Fiber Backbone Operators


o Telecom Cambodia (TC) : 1,200 Km
o Viettel Cambodia : 16,000 Km
o CFOCN (Cambodia Fiber Optic Cable
Network): 5,180 Km
o Total national wide backbone: 22,380 Km

25
Telecom Statistic October 2012

Mobile:19,850,689 Subs. (139.41 %)

Fixed WLL: 578,568 Subs. (3.75 %)

Internet: 2,497,312 Subs. (17.54 %)


* Penetration: % Per 100 inhabitant
* Population: 14,240,000 in 2012

MPTC-Document - Confidential 12/5/2012 26


MPTC-Document - Confidential 12/5/2012 27

28
Active mobile-broadband

subscriptions reach almost 1.2

billion

Countries that offer 2G/3G

services

commercially, mid-2011*

Availability of 3G Networks

29
30
31





32
Q&A

33
Association of Telecommunications Industry of
Cambodia (ATC):
National Broadband Plan and its key challenges

A presentation by :
Firdaus Fadzil

5 December 2012

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


AGENDA

1. Cambodias Policy Aspirations

2. Key Structural Issues

3. Digital Dividend

4. Harmonization Efforts

5. Key Takeaways

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


CAMBODIAS POLICY ASPIRATIONS
Absence of well articulated MBB/ICT policy target.

Descriptions of main commitments made by the Government


In Fourth Legislature, the Government is planning to implement the
National Strategic following reforms:
Development
Plan 2009-2013 Expedite the adoption of Law on Telecommunications and
associated legal and regulatory framework;
Building capacity in the sector;
Improve and modernise the equipment and technology to ensure
effectiveness and a wider coverage of the services;
Foster competition to ensure efficiency;
Increase efficient use of IT system and promote e-government; and
Build and enhance efficiency of backbone infrastructure.

Consist of six strategic thrusts i.e. Economic transformation, People


Engagement and Empowerment, Innovation, Infrastructure
ASEAN ICT Development, Human Capital Development and Bridging the Digital
Masterplan 2015 Divide.

The Masterplan will be funded via existing ASEAN financing sources


which include the ASEAN ICT Fund, ASEAN Dialogue Partners,
International Organizations and other public and private institutions.

Progress of commitment has been slow with limited participation from


the industry.
Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
AGENDA

1. Cambodias Policy Aspirations

2. Key Structural Issues

3. Digital Dividend

4. Harmonization Efforts

5. Key Takeaways

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


KEY STRUCTURAL ISSUES
Key issues to be addressed to create vibrant MBB market.
Key challenges
1 Domestic TDM voice traffic is subjected to mandatory transit arrangement
Interconnection which works against any-to-any connectivity principles.
regime and its
wholesale and retail The interconnection rates favor fixed operators and outdated
tariff (discriminatory).

Competition rules and pricing control mechanism need to be re-defined


e.g. minimum retail pricing and bundling restriction.
2
Allocation of Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) spectrum suitable for
BWA spectrum LTE services have been done on a non-transparent basis.
allocation and
assignment Spectrum dispute due to overlapping licenses in 2.5 GHz 2.7 GHz remain
largely unresolved.

Terms and conditions of the licenses are not publicly available.

No clear separation of power between Ministry of Post and


Telecommunications (MPTC) and Ministry of Information (MoI).

No updates on ITUs Radio communications Law study.

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


KEY STRUCTURAL ISSUES
Key issues to be addressed to create vibrant MBB market.
Key challenges
3
No Telecommunications Law and its implementing regulations.
Absence of strong
governing structure Issues surrounding the implementation of Cambodias commitment to
and policy World Trade Organisation (WTO) especially on matters related to the
transparency.

The absence of national policy objectives and aspirations create


moving target for the Government.
4
Capacity building Limited local resources especially experts in the area of technical,
and human capital economic and competition areas.
development

5 The local content industry is evolving and would require some


incentives to promote the creation of local digital content especially in
Creation of local
local language.
content
Weak framework in promoting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) to
safeguard innovation.

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


AGENDA

1. Cambodias Policy Aspirations

2. Key Structural Issues

3. Digital Dividend

4. Harmonization Efforts

5. Key Takeaways

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


POLICY OBJECTIVES
Creation of positive effects to economy and social

Economy

National GDP
GDP per Capita
Productivity
Innovative intensity

Social

Better access to efficient and productive public


services
More informed and engage citizen
Better quality of life
Connected community

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


DIGITAL DIVIDEND (DD)
DD present unique opportunity to enable MBB market.
1. Governments should Number of base stations
recognize the economic
value of 700MHz spectrum, 2 5 7 10 15 20
and move it to more x12
economically efficient use.

x7
2. Governments should
designate the spectrum for x5
mobile broadband x3
services (against x1 x1.5
allocating for PPDR, PMSE
or other services) via
public policy statements.
UHF Band
Source: SCF Associates Study
3. Governments should
adopt the harmonized APT GSMA/BCG Study: Economic Benefits for AP (2014 2020)
700 (2x45MHz) band plan MBB Broadcast
for Region 3.
USD 71 billion
GDP Increase USD729 billion

4. Assign the spectrum at Business Creation 1.1million new biz Very limited
soonest on transparent
basis and push for digital New Jobs Creation 2.3 million < 100,000
switchover by 2017.
Increase in Tax Revenue USD131 billion USD 28 billion

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


AGENDA

1. Cambodias Policy Aspirations

2. Key Structural Issues

3. Digital Dividend

4. Harmonization Efforts

5. Key Takeaways

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


HARMONIZATION EFFORTS (698-806 MHz)
APT Wireless Forum Common View 700MHz band plan
Dual Duplex due
10 MHz to limitations to
5 MHz centre gap 3 MHz RF filters at UE

DTTV 45 MHz 45 MHz PPDR/LMR


694 698 806
MHz MHz MHz
Harmonised FDD Arrangement of 698-806 MHz band

DTTV PPDR/LMR
694 698 806
MHz MHz MHz

Critical for Kingdom of Cambodia to adopt 700MHz harmonized band plans


(TDD/FDD):

Economies of scale => cheaper handsets and network equipment;


Facilitate international roaming at lower long-term costs; and
Minimize border coordination issues.

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


AGENDA

1. Cambodias Policy Aspirations

2. Key Structural Issues

3. Digital Dividend

4. Harmonization Efforts

5. Key Takeaways

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


KEY TAKEAWAYS
Holistic (Mobile) Broadband Policy covering transformation of
the telecom industry as well as trans-sector policy.
1. Policy should be developed based on two-pronged approach:
Transformation of the telecom industry by addressing the structural issues;
Trans-sector policies e.g. e-health, tele-education, digital media, e-commerce, smart
grid, Internet of Things, e-government, etc.

2. Government needs to lead the change due to:


The incumbent telecom industry is reluctant to transform - no clear incentive and
regulatory uncertainty;
Benefits generated consist of social and economic.

1. Transformation has more to do with national infrastructure than with telecom


infrastructure. Transformation should be based on national policies rather than telecom
policies. As such, government commitment towards the use of that infrastructure from
the trans-sector services is required.

2. For mobile operators, we would like to have a clear and timely policy and regulatory
framework especially on the spectrum management e.g. 700MHz LTE Band, Digital
Switchover .

Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.


ITU Broadband Project

Cambodia National Broadband


Policy
Industry Workshop

5 December 2012
Phnom Penh

Jim Holmes International

Director, Incyte Consulting (Expert)


Telecommunication
Union 1
Agenda
1. Work to date
2. Methodology
3. Expected outcomes
4. Some key issues
5. Timelines
6. Collaboration and inputs
7. Next steps and discussion

2
1. Work to date

International
Telecommunication
Union 3
Much work has been done in
Cambodia, but much remains to be done

We have noted in discussions with


MPTC, TRC and others that a considerable
amount of work has already been done to
implement the new regulatory framework in
the Act
We note that a draft ICT Policy has been
developed in 2009
We also note the ASEAN ICT Master Plan
2015
There is still much to be done including the
implementation of a universal service
scheme
All current and previous work will be used in
the national policy, nothing will be wasted 4
ASEAN ICT Master Plan 2015

6 PILLARS

1. Economic Transformation

2. People Empowerment & Engagement

3. Innovation

4. Infrastructure Development

5. Human Capital development

6. Bridging the Digital Divide

5
Work by the ITU

Massive focus on Broadband in todays ITU


Establishment of the Broadband Commission
in 2010
In April 2012 the ITU published four papers
in its Broadband Series
The first one entitled Impact of Broadband
on the Economy which looks at the
relationship of broadband on the one hand
with growth and employment on the other is
particularly useful for our purposes

6
Impact of Broadband on the
Economy ITU April 2012
7
Impact of Broadband on the
Economy ITU April 2012
8
Cambodia appreciating the
uniqueness
We are acutely aware that Cambodia has
issues not all of which are found in other
developing economies
Recency of competition and excess MNOs
Recency of mass mobile rollout
Electrification issues
Reliance on mobile for the mass market
Affordability issues
International capacity issues

However the situation in all developing


economies is a challenge for broadband
9
Cambodias success story: A mobile/wireless
revolution

No. of Subscribers

18,000,000

16,000,000
Mobile

14,000,000

12,000,000

10,000,000

8,000,000

6,000,000

4,000,000

2,000,000 Internet

0
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Source: MPTC, June 2012 10


2. Methodology

International
Telecommunication
Union 11
Stages in developing a Broadband Policy
and Strategic Plan

1. Analyse 2. 3. Data
IDI Stakeholder Collection
Interviews

12
Stage 1: Analysing the IDI

This is about confirming the starting point


in the broadband journey

Examination of critical information on:


Access
Use
Skills

13
ICT Development Index

- 2012 edition recently published

14
Regional and Global IDI
Ranking of Cambodia
Regional and Global IDI
Ranking of Cambodia
ICT Development in Cambodia

Measure 2010 2011


IDI index 1.88 1.96
Access Index 2.43 2.53
Use Index 0.08 0.19
Skills Index 4.38 4.38
Price Index 32.0 24.3
Fixed subscribers per 100 inhabitants 2.5 3.7
Mobile subscribers poer 100 inhabitants 57.7 69.9
International internet bandwidth (bits/use 28,067 13,530
% households with computers 4.3 4.9
% households with internet service 1.6 2.8
Adult literacy rate 77.6 77.6
Stage 2: Interviewing Stakeholders

We are doing that this week. We have


spoken with many stakeholders including:

MPTC Mobile Operators


TRC ISPs
Ministry of Education Telecom Cambodia
Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Health
Ministry of Culture Ministry of Planning
Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Rural
Food Development
Ministry of Finance Ministry of Tourism
NIDA
18
Stage 3: Data Collection

We are seeking a significant amount of


data and other information
The Cambodia National Broadband Plan
has to be evidence-based as far as
possible
Of course, information does not make a
plan but lack of it can be fatal
Information about aims and aspirations
and perspectives on priority is also
important as is national leadership
19
Stage 4: Draft Broadband Policy and Plan

ITU Expert will draft an initial Policy and


Strategic Plan

All inputs will be considered

But the Policy and Plan may be selective


concentrating on higher priorities.

20
Stage 5: Public Consultation

Public consultation is important:

For new ideas


For improvements to the Policy and
Associated Plan
For legitimacy
For ownership and buy-in

21
Stage 6: Finalise Policy and Plan

This is a matter for the planning and approvals


process in Cambodia
The end result is not the ITUs policy and plan
it will be Cambodias. Wide ownership is critical
Highest level approval and commitment is
necessary.

22
3. Expected Outcomes

International
Telecommunication
Union 23
Outcomes
The formal deliverables are clear:
Draft National Broadband Policy and Plan for
Cambodia
Implementation Guidelines
Generate excitement of Cambodia on the move.
The project needs to do the following as
well:
Mobilise resources
Generate a sense of excitement
Achieve buy-in and momentum for the next stages
Facilitate leadership, ownership and accountability
Establish a cooperative framework
Recognise that everybody can be a winner
indeed, must be a winner

24
The Policy and Plan will have wide
coverage
Supply-side challenges: Infrastructure and
investment
Demand-side challenges: Pathfinder or Pilot
Programs
Cultural preservation and economic
transformation
Broadband administration administrative
infrastructure

25
4. Some key issues that have
arisen in the course of this
weeks discussions

International
Telecommunication
Union 26
What we learned or confirmed this week
Approval hierarchy is important we must work
within it
Leadership levels need to be convinced
Content limitations are important
But content is insufficient to sustain mass take-up
of broadband
Strong focus in the past and up to now on the
supply-side / infrastructure issues but less on
demand-side aspects

27
What we learned or had confirmed (2)
Need special emphasis on fostering
Government leadership, especially on the demand-side
Demand
Applications
Entrepreneurship
Coordination within Government Ministries
Definitional issues are not fully resolved what is
Broadband
Licensing and convergence
Content control
Reliance on private sector investment
The balance between liberalisation and centralised
regulation of the industry 28
Role of Government

International
Telecommunication
Union 29
A range of potential roles
Policy-maker
All cases, whatever the policy content
Investor
Aust., NZ, Singapore
Could be on demand side, supply side or
both
User
All countries
Whether specific early adopter and anchor
user roles are taken up varies
eGovernment, eEducation
Social welfare provider and contributor
HK grants, US schools and libraries 30
Role of the Government in Cambodia

31
5. Project Timelines

International
Telecommunication
Union 32
Timetable to be confirmed

33
6. Collaboration and inputs

International
Telecommunication
Union 34
Collaboration and inputs

This Mission is essentially information-


seeking
After this week we will:
Confirm additional information that is required or
has been promised
Provide additional questions that arise from our
review of the information collected during the
Mission
Seek responses through the coordinating agency of
the Ministry
The project must be collaborative in the
extreme
Cambodia needs a Policy and Plan that is
owned and enthusiastically pursued by all.
35
7. Next Steps and discussion

International
Telecommunication
Union 36
Cambodia National Broadband
Policy

Jim Holmes
Director, Incyte Consulting (Expert)
jrh@incyteconsulting.com

International
Telecommunication
Union 37
Policy maker
Only Government can make policy
Not appropriate to leave policy to industry
or the market place even if the policy is
built heavily on market place dynamics
Not appropriate to leave policy to the
Regulator although the Regulator may
fill in the details
Substantial social and industry
conversations should inform and shape
the policy
Only Government has the authority to
demonstrate national leadership on
the set of issues that surround
Broadband
38
Investor
Should Governments have skin in the game
should they invest in or fund national
broadband infrastructure?
Note that in answering this question we are
usually talking about funding next
generation access (NGA) rather than IMS
or other NGN core network upgrades.
The answers are right across the spectrum of
possibilities

39
Investment by Government UK
No Government investment at all
NGA/NGN and other broadband investments
left entirely to the private sector
To do otherwise might be regarded as State
Aid, which is not allowed under EU rules
remember investment in the UK affects not
only competitive arrangements in the UK but
Europe as a whole
Ofcom has undertaken a review of the
Wholesale Broadband Access and found a
high level of competition in most Exchange
Service Areas including inter-platform
competition from cable operators

40
Investment by Government Hong Kong
No investment by Government
private sector initiatives are doing
the job
7 million people in the most vertical
country in the world
Household broadband penetration
rate was nearly 90% in 2011
Competition between 5 FSOs
86% of population have a choice
between 2 or more platforms; 7%
have a choice of 3 or more

41
Investment by Government USA
Modest public funding at Federal level
The 2009 Stimulus Bill signed into law
by President Obama in February, 2009.
Provides money to create the
Broadband Technology Opportunities
Program through the NTIA, Commerce
Department.
$4.7 billion to bring broadband to un-
served and under served areas and to
facilitate broadband use and adoption.
$2.5 billion to the FCC to facilitate the
development of a national broadband
plan with one year. 42
Investment by Government NZ

Public-private partnerships
through Crown Holdings
Corporation
$NZ 1.5 B from the NZ
Government for ultra fast PPP
arrangements in urban areas
$NZ 300 M for broadband in
rural areas
No commitment to privatisation
in the future
43
Investment by Government Singapore

Next Gen NBN Scheme


announced in 2007 with
separation of
Open Net (NetCo)
OpCo
Service providers
Public-private partnerships
through Open Net which plans
$S 100 M rollout by 2012
$S 750 million investment by iDA
44
Government as User
Governments can provide anchor usage levels and
leadership in gaining transformational benefits
from broadband
E-Government opportunities are massive and need
to be a key focus in National Broadband Plans

Japan views e-government as being


important to raise the quality and
lower the cost of public
services, through the delivery of
services by cloud computing on a 24
hours a day and seven days a week
basis. This is seen as sufficiently
important and significant to raise its
national competitiveness, once it is
fully achieved.

45
Government as User: e-Health Canada
Canada lags despite $1.6 billion e-
health investment
by Charles Wright on March 1, 2011

Despite Canada Health Infoways


investment of almost $1.6 billion toward
more than 280 e-health projects in the past
10 years, Canada continues to lag behind
other Western countries in adopting a
system of electronic medical records. As of
2009, only 36 per cent of Canadian
physicians were using electronic medical
records, as compared with more than 90%
of physicians in Australia, the United
Kingdom, New Zealand and the
Netherlands. 46
Social welfare provider
Some countries are establishing programs to
ensure that low income and other special
groups have broadband access
Not part of the USO in the EU or Australia
(yet)

Hong Kong Broadband vouchers to eligible people


USA Schools and libraries program
Australia Reviewing USO program in light of NBN
Malaysia Rolled broadband initiative into USO program

47
Telecom Cambodia (T.C)
Broadband Industry Workshop

Prepared by: Mr. Chin Daro, Director of ICT Department of T.C


E-mail : daro@camnet.com.kh
Phone : 855-23-723010
H/P : 016 842890
05 December, 2012 (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) 1
Content

1 Todays World

2 What is Broadband ?

Broadband
Industry 3 Why do we need Broadband
Workshop
4 TCs Broadband Transformation

5 TCs City and Rural Broadband

2
Content

1 Todays World

Broadband
Industry
Workshop

3
1. Todays World
37-56 Mbps TOTAL 140-230 Mbps

0,2 Mbps Telephony 0,2 Mbps 14,4 Mbps


5,7 Mbps Mobile phone

2 Mbps Video telephony 2 Mbps


2+ Mbps
0,5 Mbps Online gaming

6 Mbps Video conference 6 Mbps


Broadband
10 Mbps 20 Mbps
Internet

10 Mbps Peer to Peer 20 Mbps 0,3 Mbps SDTV 2 x 2 Mbps

0,7 Mbps 3D-HDTV 30 Mbps


0,5 Mbps HDTV 2 x 10 Mbps

4
1. Todays World

Internet of things : IPv6 will soon allow 1 trillion


connected devices (IPv4 ran out of addresses in
early 2010)
Information/ Data volume double every year
Over 210 billion e-mails sent daily
Internet Traffics increased by 22.000% since
2000
43 million GB data sent across mobile phone daily

5
(1) : Source: NBB_Policy_and _Smart_Thailand
1. Todays World

You watch TV on the PC or mobile phone


You make phone calls from the PC and
You expect your TV to have Internet browsing
Capabilities
Hence, any portable or mobile devices is expected
to perform the same tasks as you were used to do at
your stationary desktop PC connected to the
Internet
High-Speed internet connection(Broadband)
6
(1) : Source: NBB_Policy_and _Smart_Thailand
Content

2 What is Broadband ?

Broadband
Industry
Workshop

7
2. What is Broadband

What is Broadband

The Term Broadband commonly refers to High-


Speed Internet Access that is always on (not
needing the user to make a new connection to
server each time) and faster than the traditional
Dial-Up access

Broadband enables the combined provision of


Voice, Data and Video at the same time

8
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

2. What is Broadband

9
Source: Broadband Commission report 2010
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

2. What is Broadband
Internet Usage and Population Statistics:
Year Users Population % Pen. GDP p.c.* Usage
Source
2000 6,000 12,573,580 0.05% US$ N/A ITU

2007 44,000 15,507,538 0.3% US$ 648 ITU

2009 74,000 14,494,293 0.5% US$ 775 ITU

2010 78,000 14,753,320 0.5% US$ 805 ITU

2011 193,858 N/A N/A US$ N/A MPTC

Note: Per Capita GDP in US dollars, Source : International Monetary Fund.

10
Broadband
Industry 3 Why do we need Broadband
Workshop

11
3. Why do we need Broadband

Broadband can provide access to a wide range of


educational, Cultural and recreational
opportunities and resource
Broadband can facilitate provision of medical care
to unsaved and underserved populations through
remote diagnosis, treatment, monitoring, and
consultations with specialists

12
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

3. Why do we need Broadband

Broadband provides access to new telecommunications


technologies such as Voice over Internet(VoIP) allowing
voice communication using the Internet
Broadband can promote economic development and
revitalization through electronic commerce
(e-commerce) by
Create new jobs and attracting new industries
Providing access to regional, National and
worldwide market
13
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

3. Why do we need Broadband


E-Government can help streamline peoples interaction
with government agencies, and provide information
about government policies and programs
Broadband can help protect the public by facilitating
and promoting public safety information
Early warning/public alert system and disaster
preparation programs
Remote security monitoring and real time security
background check and backup systems for public
safety communications network
14
Broadband
Industry
Workshop
4 TCs Broadband Transformation

15
16

4. TCs Broadband Transformation

Telecom Cambodia (T.C) is a public state owned


enterprise on 1 January 2006. TCs guardians are Ministry
of Posts and Telecommunications and Ministry of
Economic and Finance.

According to the book of Decision on Organizational


Structure, Function-Duty of Fellowship of T.C dated 2009,
there are 12 departments under the director general .

16
Source: TCs report 2011
4. TCs Broadband Transformation

Source: TCs report 2011 17


4. TCs Broadband Transformation
TC Legitimacy
Laws cover Telecom Cambodia for its legal operations:

1. The 12 January 2005 Sub-Decree for T.C creation


allows:
TC to build any telecom network ( underground,
overhead, nationwide and international)
TC to provide any telecom services ( fixed , mobile,
internet, VoIP(154), VAS, IPLC, DPLC);
TC to use any TX media ( Satellite, O/F, wireless and
wire line).
18
Source: TCs report 2011
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

4. TCs Broadband Transformation

TC Core Switching Migration Path



New Revenue
Generating
Deployment ongoing C5 + DSLAM Offer Opportunities 2009-
1Q09 Proposed start 2Q09 2011
Network Infrastructure Service Infrastructure New Services
renovation renovation introduction
Class4 Class4 Class4
Classic TDM Switch Migration to IP Migration to IP

Class5 Class5 Class5 Evolution to


Classic TDM Switch Classic TDM Switch Migration to IP IP MM

POTS POTS POTS

Classic TDM IP Class4 IP Class5 IP MM


Trunking optimization Voice delivery to VoIP and enriched
POTS connected to IP MM services
Peering
AGW (including SIP) over BB access
International Transit

Basic Voice services Voice & Multimedia services


19
Broadband
Industry
Workshop

20
5. TCs City and Rural Broadband

TCs Infrastructure Backbone Network

21
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

5. TCs City and Rural Broadband


Telecom Cambodia has classified broadband solutions by
three stages (include Fix and Wireless technologies) :

1. Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL , SHDSL and WiFi)


2. Internet Leased Line (Ethernet/Fast Ethernet, FTTU)
3. Next Generation Network (FTTH, FTTC and FTTB)

22
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

5. TCs City and Rural Broadband


1. Stage 1:
With legacy TDM Switching ,Telecom Cambodia provides
with different broadband technologies which have varying
speed and qualities that may affect their usefulness in
different rural contexts.

Broadband Speed Capacity Quality Issue


Technology

ADSL Up to 1 mbps Quality depends on age of phone lines and distance of end user from
central telephone office.

SHDSL Up to 2 mbps Quality depends on age of phone lines and distance of end user from
central telephone office.

Wireless 802.11 g High quality and relatively cheap to deploy. Fixed wireless systems may be
Up to 6 mbps most appropriate in many rural areas.

23
5. TCs City and Rural Broadband
Existing BB Internet Access Node (xDSL) in provinces:
Road No. 1: Bavet city - Svayrieng province and Naekleang dist.
Road No. 2: Kamndal City
Road No. 5: Kampong Chhnang - Posat - Battambang
Banteay Meanchhey
Road No. 6: Siem Reap province
Total market : 9 areas (Exclude Phnom Penh)

Source: TCs report242011


Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

5. TCs City and Rural Broadband


2. Stage 2:
After GMS-IS (STM16) project was complete implement
,Telecom Cambodia initial to provide with high speed
broadband technologies in Phnom Penh city, Urban and
some potential provinces.
Broadband Speed Capacity Quality Issue
Technology

Ethernet Up to 10 mbps high speed broadband services to subscribers by using


copper.

FTTU/FE Up to 100 mbps very high speed broadband services to subscribers by using
Fiber Optic.

25
5. TCs City and Rural Broadband
Existing BB Internet Access Node (xDSL) in provinces:
Road No. 1: Bavet city - Svayrieng province and Naekleang dist.
Road No. 2: Kamndal and Takeo province
Road No. 3: Angtasaum dist., Kampot and Kep provinces
Road No. 4: Kampong Spoeu and Kampong Saum province
Road No. 5: Udong , Kampong Trolarge dist., Kampong Chhnang-
KrorKor- Posat - Mong Russey TmorKol - Battambang Pailin
Banteay Meanchhey - Sereysophorne and Poy Pet province
Road No. 6: Kampong Thom Siem Reap pro Pouk Krorlagn -
Phrease Netphrease dist.
Road No. 68: Preah Vihea Province
Road No. 7: Kampong Cham Kratie Steung Treng province
Total market : 31 areas (Exclude Phnom Penh)
Source: TCs report262011
5. TCs City and Rural Broadband
3. Stage 3:

The 3 years(2012-2014JICA-GMTBNP) covers the populated


areas of Kampong Cham, Prey Totung, Skun, Phnom Penh,
Takhmau, Takeo, Tram Kak, Banteay Meas, Kampong Trach,
Kep, Kampot, Prey Nob and Sihanoukville, and the population
in the areas totals to approximately 50 % of the nation.

This project decided to construct the North-South Optical fiber


backbone (Cambodia Growth Corridor) and IP based fixed
telephony subscribers lines, such as NGN system by using
IMS(IP Multimedia Subsystem),

27
5. TCs City and Rural Broadband

28
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

5. TCs City and Rural Broadband

3. Stage 3(Cont.):
With (JICA-GMTBNP) project, Telecom Cambodia expect to
provide very high speed broadband services to
subscribers by offering (FTTH) maximum bandwidth and
Quality of Services over fiber access with its standards
compliant GEPON-1Gb/s bandwidth and maximum 20 Km
reach.

29
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

5. TCs City and Rural Broadband


4000

3500

3000

2500

ADSL Broadband
2000
High Speed Broadband

1500

1000

500

0
1-Jan 1-Feb 1-Mar 1-Apr 1-May 1-Jun 1-Jul 1-Aug 1-Sep 1-Oct 1-Nov 1-Dec

30
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds
Table 2.3 Theoretical time to download data online at different connection speeds

5. TCs City and Rural Broadband


TCs Internet Service Cost

Speed Monthly Fee Data Usage


128 Kbps $15 Unlimited
256 Kbps $20 Unlimited
512 Kbps $30 Unlimited
1 Mbps $55 Unlimited

Note:
Free ADSL Modem
Free TCs Connection Port
All Prices are exclusive of government VAT 10%

31

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