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Lampiran 2.

Hasil Pengolahan Data

HASIL PENGOLAHAN DATA


1. Head Sistem
Tabel 1. Head Sistem pada positive Suction
Ht
Ps (pa) Pd (pa) Q (m³/s) Hs (m) Hf (m) system
(m)
50000 0.00031 0.4225 18.7333 19.1558
-2000 100000 0.00029 0.3975 16.5903 16.9878
150000 0.00024 0.4075 10.8235 11.2310
50000 0.00011 0.4045 2.3476 2.7521
-10000 100000 0.00010 0.4065 1.7571 2.1636
150000 0.00004 0.401 0.2598 0.6608
50000 0.00011 0.37 2.5760 2.9460
-20000 100000 0.00010 0.368 1.9351 2.3031
150000 0.00003 0.37 0.2514 0.6214

Tabel 2. Head Sistem pada Negative Suction


Ht
Ps (pa) Pd (pa) Q (m³/s) Hs (m) Hf (m) system
(m)
50000 0.00031 0.4225 18.7333 19.1558
-2000 100000 0.00029 0.3975 16.5903 16.9878
150000 0.00024 0.4075 10.8235 11.2310
50000 0.00011 0.4045 2.3476 2.7521
-10000 100000 0.00010 0.4065 1.7571 2.1636
150000 0.00004 0.401 0.2598 0.6608
50000 0.00011 0.37 2.5760 2.9460
-20000 100000 0.00010 0.368 1.9351 2.3031
150000 0.00003 0.37 0.2514 0.6214

2. Head Pompa

Tabel 3. Head Pompa pada positive Suction


Ht pump
Ps (Pa) Pd (pa) Q (m³/s) Hp (m)
(m)
50000 0.00014 5.3737 5.3737
-2000 100000 0.00014 10.6195 10.6195
150000 0.00012 15.4814 15.4814
50000 0.00010 6.3461 6.3461
-10000 100000 0.00010 11.4639 11.4639
150000 0.00007 15.6093 15.6093

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50000 0.00011 6.5508 6.5508
-20000 100000 0.00011 11.4639 11.4639
150000 0.00007 15.6093 15.6093

Tabel 4. Head Pompa pada Negative Suction


Ht pump
Ps (bar) Pd (pa) Q (m³/s) Hp (m)
(m)
50000 0.00031 5.6296 5.6296
-0.02 100000 0.00029 10.7474 10.7474
150000 0.00024 15.7373 15.7373
50000 0.00011 6.5508 6.5508
-0.1 100000 0.00010 11.4639 11.4639
150000 0.00004 15.6093 15.6093
50000 0.00011 6.9602 6.9602
-0.2 100000 0.00010 11.6686 11.6686
150000 0.00003 15.6093 15.6093

3. NPSHa
Tabel 5. NPSHa pada Suction Positive
P
Ps Pd ambien Hs Hv Hf
(bar) (bar) Q (Pa) Pvapor suction suction suction NPSHA
0.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0121 1.7520 8.5150
-0.02 1 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0115 1.6585 8.6092
1.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0085 1.2285 9.0421
0.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0068 0.9863 9.2860
-0.1 1 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0063 0.9093 9.3636
1.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0029 0.4155 9.8608
0.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0074 1.0740 9.1978
-0.2 1 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0071 1.0285 9.2436
1.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0030 0.4389 9.8373

Tabel 6. NPSHa pada Suction Negative


P
Ps Pd ambien Hs Hv Hf
(bar) (bar) Q (Pa) Pvapor suction suction suction NPSHA
0.5 0.0003 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0612 8.8483 1.3696
-0.02 1 0.0003 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0542 7.8384 2.3865
1.5 0.0002 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0355 5.1433 5.1003
-0.1 0.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0077 1.1222 9.1493

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1 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0058 0.8407 9.4327
1.5 0.0000 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0009 0.1253 10.1529
0.5 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0077 1.2375 9.0339
-0.2 1 0.0001 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0058 0.9292 9.3442
1.5 0.0000 100690 3597.6 0.4075 0.0004 0.1230 10.1558

4. Power dan Efisiensi


Tabel 7. Power dan Efisiensi Pada Positive Suction
Ht
System BHP
Ps (Pa) Pd (Pa) Q (m3/s) (m) Ws (J/kg) WHP (J/s) (J/s) %ɳ
-2500 50000 0.0001 3.1621 4.290719484 0.00575385 0.167625 3%
-3750 100000 0.0001 2.9910 3.948909692 0.00529549 0.167625 3%
-1250 150000 0.0001 2.3276 2.644166051 0.00354583 0.167625 2%
-12000 50000 0.0001 1.9453 1.979749391 0.00265484 0.167625 2%
-12000 100000 0.0001 1.8266 1.784513231 0.00239303 0.167625 1%
-2500 150000 0.0001 1.0494 0.692752941 0.00092898 0.167625 1%
-14000 50000 0.0001 2.0477 2.174566462 0.00291609 0.167625 2%
-12000 100000 0.0001 1.9751 2.052827167 0.00275284 0.167625 2%
-2500 150000 0.0001 1.0550 0.71574413 0.00095981 0.167625 1%

Tabel 8. Power dan Efisiensi Pada Negative Suction


Ht
Q system BHP
Ps (Pa) Pd (Pa) (m3/s) (m) Ws (J/kg) WHP (J/s) (J/s) %ɳ
-5000 50000 0.0003 19.1558 58.48394593 0.078426971 0.167625 47%
-5000 100000 0.0003 16.9878 48.81379604 0.0654593 0.167625 39%
-3750 150000 0.0002 11.2310 26.12482844 0.035033395 0.167625 21%
-14000 50000 0.0001 2.7521 2.987492518 0.004006227 0.167625 2%
-12000 100000 0.0001 2.1636 2.032514076 0.002725601 0.167625 2%
-2500 150000 0.0000 0.6608 0.239116686 0.000320655 0.167625 0%
-18000 50000 0.0001 2.9460 3.197937379 0.004288434 0.167625 3%
-14000 100000 0.0001 2.3031 2.163527014 0.00290129 0.167625 2%
-2500 150000 0.0000 0.6214 0.158091828 0.000212001 0.167625 0%

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Lampiran 3. Appendiks Perhitungan

APPENDIKS PERHITUNGAN
Data yang didapat dalam praktikum
Tair= 28 ºC
Vair= 0,0005 m3
Jumlah Elbow Positive Suction = 4
Jumlah Elbow Negative Suction = 6
Jumlah Valve = 3 (4 pada negative)
Jumlah Tee = 3 (4 pada negative)
Coupling = 1
Panjang pipa lurus untuk positive suction = 252,8 cm
Panjang pipa lurus untuk negative suction = 251,1 cm
3
Diameter Pipa = 4 in

t average
Ps (bar) Pd (bar) V (m³) Δz system
(s)
0.5 3.6 42.25
-0.02 1 3.7 39.75
1.5 4.3 40.75
0.5 4.8 40.45
-0.1 1 5 0.0005 40.65
1.5 7.4 40.1
0.5 4.6 37
-0.2 1 4.7 36.8
1.5 7.2 37

t average
Ps (bar) Pd (bar) V (m³) Δz system
(s)
0.5 1.6 42.25
-0.02 1 1.7 39.75
1.5 2.1 40.75
0.5 4.5 40.45
-0.1 1 5.2 0.0005 40.65
1.5 13.5 40.1
0.5 4.5 37
-0.2 1 5.2 36.8
1.5 19.2 37

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Rumus interpolasi:
 Massa Jenis (kg/m3)
30−28 995.68−𝜌
= 995,68−997,08
30−25
30 − 28
ρ=( ) (995,68 − 997,08) + 997,08
30 − 25
ρ = 996,24 kg/m3

 Tekanan (Pa)
30−28 4.242−𝜌
= 4,242−3,1680
30−5
30 − 28
P=( ) (4,242 − 3,1680) + 3,1680
30 − 25
P = Pv = 3.5976 kPa = 3597.6,2 Pa
 Viskositas (kg/m.s)
Dari data appendiks Geankoplis didapat nilai viskositas pada suhu 28
deg C sebesar 0.000836 kg/m.s

T(ºC) ρ(kg/m3) T(ºC) P (kPa) T(ºC) µ (kg/m.s)


25 997,08 28 3,168 28 0,0008360
28 996,24 30 4,240 30 0,0008007

 Roughness
€ 1,5 𝑥 10−6
= = 7,874 𝑥 10−4
𝐷 0,01905
 Flowrate (m3/s)
𝑉 0,0005
𝑄= = = 0,00013889 m³/s
𝑡 3,6
 Kecepatan (m/s)
𝑄 𝑄 4Q 7 x 4 x 0,00013889
𝑣= = 𝜋D² = = = 0,4871 m/s
𝐴 1 𝜋D² 22 x (0,01905)²
4
 Reynold Number (m/s)

𝐷𝑣𝜌 (0,01905 𝑥 0,3593 𝑥 995,96)


𝑁𝑅𝑒 = = = 11057,6975
µ 8,18 x 10 − 4

NRe< 2100 maka jenis aliran laminar


NRe> 4000 maka jenis aliran Turbulent

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Jenis
Ps (bar) Pd (bar) v (m/s) Nre ɑ f
Aliran
-2500 50000 0.4871 11057.6975 1 0.0075 Turbulent
-3750 100000 0.4739 10758.8408 1 0.00748 Turbulent
-1250 150000 0.4078 9257.6072 1 0.0078 Turbulent
-12000 50000 0.3653 8293.2731 1 0.0081 Turbulent
-12000 100000 0.3507 7961.5422 1 0.0083 Turbulent
-2500 150000 0.2370 5379.4204 1 0.0089 Turbulent
-14000 50000 0.3812 8653.8502 1 0.0081 Turbulent
-12000 100000 0.3731 8469.7257 1 0.0079 Turbulent
-2500 150000 0.2435 5528.8487 1 0.0089 Turbulent

Jenis
Ps (bar) Pd (bar) v (m/s) Nre ɑ f
Aliran
-5000 50000 1.0960 24879.8193 1 0.0058 Turbulent
-5000 100000 1.0315 23416.3005 1 0.0058 Turbulent
-3750 150000 0.8350 18956.0528 1 0.0068 Turbulent
-14000 50000 0.3897 8846.1580 1 0.0081 Turbulent
-12000 100000 0.3372 7655.3290 1 0.0083 Turbulent
-2500 150000 0.1299 2948.7193 1 0.0118 Transisi
-18000 50000 0.3897 8846.1580 1 0.0810 Turbulent
-14000 100000 0.3372 7655.3290 1 0.0830 Turbulent
-2500 150000 0.0913 2073.3183 0.5 0.0125 Laminar

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Menghitung nilai Head :
Perhitungan pada sistem :
Head Static (Hs) = Perbedaan ketinggian tangki pada suction dengan tangki
pada discharge

Hs suction (+) = ∆Z = Z2 – Z1 = 0,8883 m


Hs Suction (-) = ∆Z = Z2 – Z1 = 1,0833 m
Head friction (Hf)
𝐴 2 𝑣2 0,48712 𝐽
Nilai hc = 0,55 𝑥 (1 − 𝐴2 ) 𝑥 = 0,55 𝑥 (1 − 0)2 𝑥 = 0,0652
1 2 2 𝑘𝑔
𝑣2 0,48712 𝐽
Nilai hf elbow = 𝐾𝑓 𝑥 = 0,75 𝑥 𝑥4 = 0,3559
2 2 𝑘𝑔
Elbow pada positive suction = 4
𝑣2 0,48712 𝐽
Nilai h Ball Valve= 𝐾𝑓 𝑥 = 70 𝑥 𝑥 3 = 24,9122
2 2 𝑘𝑔
Ball valve pada positive suction = 3
𝑣2 0,48712 𝐽
Nilai h Tee = 𝐾𝑓 𝑥 2
=1𝑥 2
𝑥 3 = 0,3559 𝑘𝑔
𝑣2 0,48712 𝐽
Nilai h Coupling= 𝐾𝑓 𝑥 = 0,04 𝑥 = 0,6327
2 2 𝑘𝑔
∆𝐿 (𝑣 )2 2,852 (0,4871)2 𝐽
𝐹 𝑙𝑜𝑛𝑔 𝑝𝑖𝑝𝑒 = 4𝑓 𝑥 = 4 𝑥 0,0075 𝑥 = 0,5446
𝐷 2 0,01905 2 𝑘𝑔
𝐻𝑐 + 𝐻𝑓 𝑒𝑙𝑏𝑜𝑤 + 𝐻𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑣𝑒 + 𝐻𝑡𝑒𝑒 + 𝐻𝑐𝑜𝑢𝑝𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑔 + 𝐹𝑓
𝐻𝑓 =
9,8
0.0652+0.3559+24.9122+0.3559+0.6327+0.5446
= = 2.7396 𝑚
9,8

H fitting H ball
H H tee H long
Elbow valve Coupling ΣF
Ps (bar) Pd (bar) contraction (3) pipe
45⁰ (4) (3) (J/kg) (J/kg)
(J/kg) (J/kg) (J/kg)
(J/kg ) (J/kg)
-2500 50000 0.0652 0.3559 24.9122 0.6327 0.3559 0.5446 26.8665
-3750 100000 0.0618 0.3369 23.5838 0.6006 0.3369 0.5142 25.4341
-1250 150000 0.0457 0.2494 17.4614 0.4264 0.2494 0.3970 18.8294
-12000 50000 0.0367 0.2002 14.0131 0.3295 0.2002 0.3308 15.1105
-12000 100000 0.0338 0.1845 12.9145 0.2964 0.1845 0.3124 13.9261
-2500 150000 0.0154 0.0842 5.8959 0.1262 0.0842 0.1529 6.3590
-14000 50000 0.0400 0.2180 15.2581 0.3588 0.2180 0.3602 16.4531
-12000 100000 0.0383 0.2088 14.6157 0.3524 0.2088 0.3365 15.7605
-2500 150000 0.0163 0.0890 6.2280 0.1333 0.0890 0.1616 6.7171

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H fitting
H H ball H tee H long
Ps Pd Elbow Coupling
contraction valve (4) (4) pipe ΣF (J/kg)
(bar) (bar) 45⁰ (6) 2 (J/kg)
(J/kg) (J/kg) (J/kg) (J/kg)
(J/kg )
-5000 50000 0.3303 2.7025 168.1572 2.4022 8.2836 1.8358 183.7116
-5000 100000 0.2926 2.3939 148.9558 2.1279 7.2875 1.6374 162.6951
-3750 150000 0.1917 1.5688 97.6150 1.3945 4.1319 1.2402 106.1422
-14000 50000 0.0418 0.3417 21.2584 0.3037 0.7545 0.3221 23.0221
-12000 100000 0.0313 0.2559 15.9202 0.2274 0.5480 0.2487 17.2315
-2500 150000 0.0046 0.0380 2.3620 0.0337 0.0572 0.0525 2.5480
-18000 50000 0.0418 0.3417 21.2584 0.3037 0.0750 3.2411 25.2616
-14000 100000 0.0313 0.2559 15.9202 0.2274 0.0548 2.4872 18.9767
-2500 150000 0.0046 0.0375 2.3355 0.0334 0.0267 0.0275 2.4652

Perhitungan dengan tinjauan Sistem :


∆𝑝
Head Pressure (HP) = 𝜌𝑔 = 0 𝑚
Head Total ( Ht) = 𝐻𝑠 + 𝐻𝑓 + 𝐻𝑝 = 0,4225 + 0 + 2.7396 = 3.1621 𝑚

Perhitungan dengan tinjauan pompa :


Head Static (Hs) = ∆Z = Z2 – Z1 = 0 m
Head friction (Hf) = 0 m
∆𝑝 50000−(−2500)
Head Pressure (HP)= = = 5.3737 𝑚
𝜌𝑔 996,24
Head Total (HT)= 𝐻𝑠 + 𝐻𝑓 + 𝐻𝑝 = 0 + 5.3737 + 0 = 5.3737 𝑚

Menghitung nilai 𝑵𝑷𝑺𝑯𝑨


𝑃 − 𝑃𝑣 𝑣2
+ 𝑧𝑔 − − ΣF
𝜌 2
𝑵𝑷𝑺𝑯𝑨 =
𝑔
100690−3597.6 0,48712
+ 0,4𝑥 9,8 – − 24.9122
996,24 2
= 9,8
= 8.5814

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Menghitung nilai power dan efisiensi
WHP = − 𝐻𝑇 𝑠𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑚 𝑥 𝑔 𝑥 𝑄 𝑥 𝜌
= 0.0057539
125
BHP = 1000 𝑋 1,314 = 0,167625
𝑊𝐻𝑃 0.0057539
Ƞ=− =− = 3%
𝐵𝐻𝑃 0,167625

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Lampiran 4. Dokumentasi

Gambar 1. Skema Alat Praktikum

Gambar 2. Pressure Gage pada Suction Pompa

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Gambar 3. Pressure Gage Pada Discharge Pompa

Gambar 4. Ball Valve

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Gambar 5. Pompa Sentrifugal

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