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Estimating the Median from Grouped Data

To estimate the Median, let's look at our data again:

Number of Frequency
games

1-5 2

6 - 10 7

11 - 15 8

16 - 20 3

The median is the mean of the middle two numbers (the 10th and 11th values)
...

... and they are both in the 11 - 15 group:

We can say "the median group is 11 - 15"

But if we need to estimate a single Median value we can use this formula:

(n/2) − cfb
Estimated Median = L + ×w
fm

where:

 L is the lower class boundary of the group containing the median


 n is the total number of data
 cfb is the cumulative frequency of the groups before the median group
 fm is the frequency of the median group
 w is the group width

For our example:


 L = 11
 n = 20
 cfb = 2 + 7 = 9
 fm = 8
 w=5

(20/2) − 9
Estimated Median = 11 + ×5
8
= 11 + (1/8) x 5
= 11.625

Estimating the Mode from Grouped Data


Instructions on balancing chemical equations:

Enter an equation of a chemical reaction and click 'Balance'. The answer will appear below

Always use the upper case for the first character in the element name and the lower case for the second
character. Examples: Fe, Au, Co, Br, C, O, N, F. Compare: Co - cobalt and CO - carbon monoxide

To enter an electron into a chemical equation use {-} or e

To enter an ion specify charge after the compound in curly brackets: {+3} or {3+} or {3}.

Example: Fe{3+} + I{-} = Fe{2+} + I2

Substitute immutable groups in chemical compounds to avoid ambiguity.

For instance equation C6H5C2H5 + O2 = C6H5OH + CO2 + H2O will not be balanced,

but XC2H5 + O2 = XOH + CO2 + H2O will

Compound states [like (s) (aq) or (g)] are not required.

If you do not know what products are enter reagents only and click 'Balance'. In many cases a complete
equation will be suggested.

Reaction stoichiometry could be computed for a balanced equation. Enter either the number of moles
or weight for one of the compounds to compute the rest.

Examples of complete chemical equations to balance:


 Fe + Cl2 = FeCl3
 KMnO4 + HCl = KCl + MnCl2 + H2O + Cl2
 K4Fe(CN)6 + H2SO4 + H2O = K2SO4 + FeSO4 + (NH4)2SO4 + CO
 C6H5COOH + O2 = CO2 + H2O
 K4Fe(CN)6 + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = KHSO4 + Fe2(SO4)3 + MnSO4 + HNO3 +
CO2 + H2O
 Cr2O7{-2} + H{+} + {-} = Cr{+3} + H2O
 S{-2} + I2 = I{-} + S
 PhCH3 + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = PhCOOH + K2SO4 + MnSO4 + H2O
 CuSO4*5H2O = CuSO4 + H2O
 calcium hydroxide + carbon dioxide = calcium carbonate + water
 sulfur + ozone = sulfur dioxide

Examples of the chemical equations reagents (a complete equation will be


suggested):

 H2SO4 + K4Fe(CN)6 + KMnO4


 Ca(OH)2 + H3PO4
 Na2S2O3 + I2
 C8H18 + O2
 hydrogen + oxygen
 propane + oxygen