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let us start with the introduction: Contrastive Analysis and Error Analysis is

a branch of ―Contrastive Linguistics‖? So, what is ―Contrastive Linguistics‖?―Contrastive Linguistics‖


is a branch of
knowledge; it is a kind of study and
research which works among languages. If we agree that ‗linguistics‘
is the science
that deals with language, so what do we mean by ―contrastive‖? The word―
contrastive
‖ comes from the verb ―to
contrast
‖. In English, we have the verbs
c
ontrast
‖ and ―
compare
‖.Toremindyou,whenyou
contrast
, you discuss the
differences
,
butwhenyou
compare
, you discuss the
similarities
.Thus, when we contrast two languages, we analyze each language from all levelsand aspects. We study
the words of the language, the grammar, the semantics, the pragmatics, and so on. So, in our course, we are
going to
compare
and
contrast
between the Arabic language and the English language. Why do we do this? Whatis the main goal behind
this study? The main
goal
behind this study is to find thetypes of
differences
and
similarities
betweenthetwolanguages,andwhenwesearch for the points of differences and similarities, we are actually searching
forthe points where the students would make mistakes. We are going to study thesedifferences on different
levels, such as:
Phonologically,Lexically,Morphologically,Syntactically,Semantically,Pragmatically, etc.
Of course, the most important aim of this study is to find the errors that the nativespeaker of Arabic
commits when he/she learns (or speaks) English. So, what weare going to do is: