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APPENDIKS

Data-data Fisis
 Dari Transport Processes and Unit Operations Third Edition, Christie J Geankoplis,
appendiks A.2-3 dan A.2.4, halaman 855:
gr kg
 aquades pada 27C =0,99754 cm3 = 997,54
m3
kg
μ aquades pada 27C = 0.00085485 m.s

Diameter Impeller 1 = 8,2 cm = 0,082m


Diameter Impeller 2 = 9 cm = 0,09 m
Diameter Impeller 3 = 7,9 cm = 0,079 m
Perhitungan  Saos dan Air gula 30% pada Percobaan:
Massa piknometer kosong : 13,03 gr
Massa piknometer + Air : 22,77 gr
Massa piknometer + larutan gula 30%: 23,9268 gr
Massa piknometer + Saos : 24,31 gr
𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑎 𝑎𝑞𝑢𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑠 22,77−13,03 gr
Volume piknometer: = gr = 9,77401 cm3
 aquades 0,99754
cm3

𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑎 𝑆𝑎𝑜𝑠 24,31−13,03


Densitas Saos : Volume pikno = = 1,15408 gr/cm3
9,77401
𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑎 𝑎𝑖𝑟 𝑔𝑎𝑙𝑠 23,9268−13,03 𝑔𝑟
Densitas Air gula 30% : = = 1.11487 gr/cm3 = 1114,87 kg/m3
Volume pikno 9,77401 𝑐𝑚3

Perhitungan Viskositas Air Gula 30 % menggunakan Viskometer Oswald

t gula (s) t air (s) viskositas gula


19.81 10.69 0.0017723
20.13 10.1 0.00190613
19.84 9.69 0.00195816
rata2 0.00187886

kg kg
μ air x t gula x ρ gula 0,00085485 𝑥 19,81 𝑠 𝑥 111,487 kg
m.s 𝑚3
μ Air Gula 30 % : = kg = 0,0017723 m.s
t air x ρ air 10,69 s x 997,54
m.s

kg
μ Saos pada 2 rpm : 21000 cP = 21 m.s
Untuk Larutan Gula 30%, 2 baffle, 100 rpm menggunakan Impeller diameter 0,082 m
 Perhitungan Power Number, Np
𝑃 32,3 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑡
Np = 𝜌𝑁3 𝐷5 = kg 100 3 =1687,96245
1114,87 ( ) 𝑟𝑝𝑠 ( 0,082)5 𝑚5
m3 60

 Perhitungan Reynold Number, NRe


100 kg
𝑁𝜌 𝐷 5 ( )𝑟𝑝𝑠 1114,87 0,0825 𝑚5
60 m3
Nre = = kg = 6645,73
μ 0,0017723
m.s

 Perhitungan Froude Number, NFr


100
𝑁 𝐷2 ( )𝑟𝑝𝑠 0,0822 𝑚2
60
Nfr = = m = 0,012583
g 9,8
s

 Perhitungan Konstanta Empiris dengan Metode Regresi Linier Multivariabel untuk


Larutan gula 30% , 2 baffle dengan diameter impeller 0,082 m
Np = k × ( NRe )a × ( NFr )b
log Np = log k + a x log NRe + b x log NFr
Misal :
y = log Np
K = log k
x1 = log NRe
x2 = log NFr
Maka persamaan di atas menjadi : y = K + a . x1 + b . x2
n Σx 1 Σx 2  K  Σy 
    
Σx 1  Σx 1  x 2   a   Σ(x 1  y) 
2
Σx 1
Σx Σx 1  x 2  Σx 2   b  Σ(x 2  y) 
2
 2
1
K  n Σx 1 Σx 2  Σy 
a   Σx Σx 1 
2  
Σx 1  x 2   Σ(x 1  y) 
   1
b  Σx Σx 1  x 2  Σx 2   Σ(x 2  y) 
2
 2
𝐾 7 26,81 −7,25 15,23
[ 𝑎 ] = 𝑖𝑛𝑣 [ 26,81 103,04 −27,05] . [ 57,42 ]
𝑏 −7,25 −27,05 8,986 −17,6387
𝐾 3,265
[ 𝑎 ] = [−0,5531]
𝑏 −0,9938
K = log k → k = 10K = 103,265 = 1840,77