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LORAIN COUNTY

LAKEFRONT CONNECTIVITY TLCI PLAN


SPONSORED BY: IN PARTNERSHIP WITH: TLCI PROGRAM PARTNERS:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 5

PROJECT BACKGROUND 9

PUBLIC + STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT 17

MAPPING + ANALYSIS 29

CONCEPTUAL PLANS 45

MULTI-MODAL TRANSPORTATION PLAN 57

REDEVELOPMENT PLANS 75

FUNDING + IMPLEMENTATION 103

3
THE TLCI PROGRAM PROGRAM GOALS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In the fall of 2016, the Lorain County Board • Develop transportation projects that provide more travel options through complete The Lorain County Board of meetings and five public meetings were and a 10-foot trail along the length of the
of Commissioners was awarded competitive streets and context sensitive solutions, increase user safety and supporting Commissioners partnered with Lorain held for the project. These meetings were route wherever feasible. Where a 10-foot
federal funds through NOACA’s Transportation positive public health impacts County Metro Parks, the City of Avon conducted to seek information on the trail does not fit within the public right-of-
for Livable Communities Initiative (TLCI) • Promote reinvestment in underutilized or vacant/abandoned properties through Lake, the City of Sheffield Lake, the preferences users have for on-road, and way, the trail will be reduced to an 8-foot
program. The TLCI program provides up to 100% development concepts supported by multimodal transportation systems City of Lorain, the City of Vermilion off-road bike facilities as well as the final widened sidewalk or 5-foot sidewalk.
of funds for the program’s two components: and NOACA (Northeast Ohio Areawide redevelopment plans created for each Each community chose one priority site
• Support economic development through place-based transportation and land
Planning and Implementation. Planning Awards Coordination Agency) to conduct the community. They were held throughout along Route 6 to be envisioned as a site for
use recommendations, and connect these proposals with existing assets and
fund studies that can lead to improvements in Lorain County Lakefront Connectivity TLCI the development process to gain valuable economic development/redevelopment.
investments
transportation systems and the neighborhoods (Transportation for Livable Communities feedback as the plan progressed. Private The City of Vermilion chose the IRG Lorain
those systems support. Implementation Awards • Ensure that the benefits and burdens of growth, change and transportation Initiative) Plan. The Board received a Economic Development Community property, north of Route 6, the City of
help communities move forward with installing projects are distributed equitably by integrating accessibility and environmental TLCI grant in the fall of 2016 to develop a Interviews were also held to further Lorain chose its downtown finger piers, the
infrastructure recommended by a completed justice into projects lakefront connectivity plan and economic understand the vision for each community City of Sheffield Lake chose to redevelop
TLCI planning study or a similar community- • Enhance regional cohesion by supporting collaboration between regional and development plan for key sites along and determine priorities for targeted the Shoreway Shopping Center, and the
based plan. The funding is made available community partners Route 6. The study area encompasses US development sites. City of Avon Lake chose their priority site
to communities and public agencies that • Provide people with safe and reliable transportation choices that enhance their Census Tracts that are adjacent to Lake Based on the findings from these as the Artstown Shopping Center.
seek innovative approaches to create livable quality of life Erie in Avon Lake, Sheffield Lake, of Lorain, meetings by residents, business owners, Multiple plans were developed for
communities and provide more travel options. and Vermilion. The study area begins just property owners, and stakeholders, each priority site. Designs for each
west of the Vermilion city limits (in Erie on-road bike lanes were important as community were based on their individual
County) at the intersection of Reynolds well as having a multi-use trail adjacent needs and growth opportunities.
Road and Route 6 in Vermilion Township, to the roadway for pedestrians and Final recommendations exhibit these
and extends to the eastern border of Avon recreational cyclists. It was also very aspects in various forms ranging from
Lake at the Lorain County line. The site important to the participants that the final lakefront parks to complete downtown
touches parts of both Lorain County and recommendations were located within the district developments. The proposed
Erie County. public right-of-way. recommendations account for the
One client meeting, three stakeholder Final recommendations plan for on- character and unique aesthetics of each
road bike lanes along the Route 6 corridor community.

4 5
THE CORE TEAM STAKEHOLDERS
Avon Lake Lorain County NOACA

Avon/Avon Lake Community Resource Services Lorain County Board of Commissioners ODOT District 3
LORAIN COUNTY THE CITY OF AVON LAKE
Community Foundation of Lorain County Lorain County, Chamber of Commerce Office of US Representatives
COMMISSIONERS
Elyria Bike Center Lorain County Public Health RDS Construction

FireFish Lorain County Metro Parks Sheffield Lake


THE CITY OF LORAIN
Charleston Village Society, Inc. Lorain County Port Authority Vermilion, City of

Lorain, City of Lorain Port Authority Vermilion Council

LORAIN COUNTY THE CITY OF SHEFFIELD LAKE Lorain County Metro Housing Authority Visit Lorain County
METRO PARKS

THE CITY OF VERMILION


CONSULTANT TEAM
NORTHEAST Jennifer Syx inSITE Advisory Group Jeff Kerr Environmental Design Group
OHIO AREAWIDE Janie Hanna inSITE Advisory Group Michelle Johnson Environmental Design Group
COORDINATING Ben Mckeeman Environmental Design Group
AGENCY Caitlin Russell Environmental Design Group
Reneé Whittenberger Environmental Design Group

6 7
PROJECT BACKGROUND
PROJECT GOALS
• increase economic activities along the lakefront
communities and Lorain County
• improve the health of residents, employees, and visitors to
the area
• connect non-lakefront communities in Lorain County to
the waterfront
• improve the environmental impacts associated with various
forms of transportation and development
• reduce air pollution caused by vehicle traffic and reducing
water pollution in Lake Erie caused by storm water runoff
• enhance the region’s quality of life

10 11
AREA HISTORY
The lakefront communities in with small shipbuilding operations. In area along Route 6 and the Black River
the study area each have unique 1915 Avon Lake was separated from still serves as the heartbeat for this
histories and characteristics that the surrounding Avon Township and former industrial legacy city. As the
can be leveraged and enhanced. later granted city status in 1960. By largest city in Lorain County, Lorain
Understanding the history of each 2010, Avon Lake was home to over was impacted by the population and
community can help guide future 22,000 people industrial decline typical of Rust Belt
visions and assist in navigating the Sheffield Lake, the smallest of the cities in the twentieth century.
many opportunities and challenges cities in the study area, was originally The City of Vermilion, with a
they face. founded as the community of Sheffield population of more than 10,000 in
Prior to the purchase and in 1815 by its namesake Captain John 2010, began with a rich history as
establishment of the Western Reserve, Day Sheffield from Massachusetts. a fishing and boating community
the lakefront area along the corridor The land, purchased from the Western reaching back to its settlement in the
was inhabited by Native Americans and Reserve by Captain Sheffield, was early 1800s. Located at the mouth of
European settlers. With the creation of historically inhabited by Native the Vermilion River, it served as a key
Cuyahoga County to the east in 1810, American tribes before being settled Lake Erie navigation landmark with the
followed by Lorain County in 1822, the by European farmers. As of 2010, addition of the Vermilion Lighthouse
small villages along the lake steadily the city was home to just over 9,000 in 1847. Though the city never
grew in size. residents. became an industrial shipping port
The City of Avon Lake began as a The City of Lorain is the most like its neighbor, Lorain, the city still
small township of Cuyahoga County populous of the corridor’s communities, maintains its maritime roots through
before being absorbed into the newly being home to more than 64,000 the extensive system of recreational
designated Lorain County in 1822. Avon people in 2010. Though much of the boat canals and marinas.
Lake has its roots in the settlement of city falls outside of the study area
European seamen who dotted its coast boundary, the lakefront downtown

12 13
TLCI STUDY AREA [
1 in = 2 miles
0 0.5 1 2

Miles

MUNICIPALITIES
STUDY AREA
STUDY AREA + CONTEXT
AVON LAKE
SHEFFIELD The 67-square mile study area Coastal Ohio Trail and Great Lakes the NRG coal -fired generation plant,
I E LAKE stretches along the southern Lake Circle Tour. The entirety of US Route Ford Assembly Plant, and Lubrizol
R Erie shoreline, across the coastal areas 6 is currently on the proposed Ohio Plant. Additional major industrial
E
E of Lorain County and a portion of State Bike Route System and is also areas are centered around the Black
K Erie County. Located to the west of on a number of long distance cycling River that flows through or just east
A
L Cleveland, this 28-mile long corridor maps produced by the American of downtown Lorain, connecting it to
begins in the City of Avon Lake, Cycling Association. This corridor is major Great Lakes shipping routes.
stretching westward through the City also addressed in NOACA’s Regional The City of Vermilion, at the mouth
of Sheffield Lake, the City of Lorain, and Bikeway Priority Network and scores of the Vermilion River, is primarily
LORAIN the City of Vermilion before ending in well in the Potential Bikeway Demand residential and features a vibrant
Vermilion Township. model [http://www.noaca.org/index. historic downtown district along US
C U YA H O G A
COUNTY
This corridor is traversed by US aspx?page=52]. Route 6. West of the City of Vermilion,
Route 6, also known as the Grand Army The study area is comprised the landscape gradually changes to a
L O R A I N of the Republic Highway, serving as primarily of residential neighborhoods, less dense residential and agricultural
VERMILION
C O U N T Y the primary east-west transportation with higher densities in the eastern setting.
artery for the study area’s 62,000 portion of the study area and gradually All design standards listed within
0
residents (US Census Bureau, 2012). becoming more rural heading west this study follow current American
I- 48
I-80, I-90, and Ohio Route 2 provide towards Vermilion Township. Major Association of State Highway and
I- 9 0
I- 80
additional east-west connectivity to commercial centers are located Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
the surrounding region, south of the immediately along US Route 6, with and American Disabilities Act (ADA)
E R I E corridor. the largest being downtown Lorain guidelines, which allow for potential
C O U N T Y The portion of US Route 6 located and downtown Vermilion. federal funding of the recommended
within the study area is part of the City of Avon Lake is home to design facility.
Scenic Byway known as the Lake Erie several major industrial sites including

Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community

The Site
The site is divided into four major municipalities; Vermilion,
Lorain, Sheffield Lake, and Avon Lake. The boundaries of the
site were determined by census tracts that border Lake Erie,
14 which closely follow the focus corridor of Route 6. 15
PUBLIC + STAKEHOLDER
INVOLVEMENT
PUBLIC + STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT TIMELINE

Meeting 1 Meeting 2 Meeting 3

STAKEHOLDER
4|5|2017 7|11|2017 9|12|2017

PUBLIC
4|29|2017
Meeting 1A
7|27|2017
Meeting 2A
10|5|2017
Meeting 3
5|4|2017 8|2|2017
Meeting 1B Meeting 2B

Public meetings present an opportunity to educate attendees


on the technical aspects of planning, such as types of facilities
and how each serves unique cyclist user groups.

18 19
Stakeholders are key to providing technical advice and
groundtruth knowledge. Work session round tables such
as this helped guide transportation facility development.

BUILDING CONSENSUS
Successful planning or development opportunities to educate attendees on
studies is often reply upon the creative and types of trail and pedestrian connectivity,
thoughtful input gained from community define user groups, and present alignment
engagement. Project stakeholders, local ideas for feedback. In addition to providing
business leaders, can provide and politicians, feedback on the proposed trail network,
and the public at large can provide meaningful attendees also had an opportunity to rank
ideas and feedback enabling the project project concepts and features in importance
to better fulfill the community’s needs and and preference. During the third public
objectives. meeting attendees were provided with a
Engaging these parties into the project set of $10 million “project dollars” to spend.
from the beginning often raises the status The “project dollar” stickers were applied
and potential impact of the plan. In the case to the various development sites and trail
of this TLCI study, project stakeholders and configuration options to gain insight into
the public were engaged over the course of the publics preferences on funding and
nine total formal meetings. The stakeholder implementation priorities.
meetings provided crucial technical and As the study progressed, all aspects of
advisory feedback on the pieces and parts the public and stakeholder feedback were
of the plan, and refinement of the ideas considered and thoughtfully applied to the Members of the public spend their project dollars to rank
to be presented at the subsequent public study elements to ensure a final product that the various proposed facilities and development sites.
meetings. would generate excitement and consensus
Five public meetings were conducted from the communities. Public meeting fliers
in each of the four communities (shown as were widely distributed to announce the
meetings 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b & 3) to make sure that upcoming public meetings locations and
access to the meeting locations were spread dates for each meeting. Facebook, twitter
throughout the study area. Throughout and various stakeholder websites were also
the planning process, over 300 people used to advertise the public meetings. 27 PM
TH

participated in the public involvement JU


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PUBLIC MEETINGS 1a & 1b PUBLIC MEETINGS 2a & 2b
Public Meeting 1a was conducted during that they thought that the item was a Public Meetings 2a and 2b took place on July 27, 2017 in
the day at the Vermilion Gardeners’ Fair challenge or undesirable. The placement Lorain and August 2, 2017 in Avon Lake, both as evening
on April 29, 2017. Public Meeting 1b took of a green dot indicated that they thought meetings. Multi-modal transportation facility types were
place at the Sheffield Lake Community that the item was an opportunity or highly the main focus of each meeting. Short formal presentations
Center in the evening on May 4, 2017. desirable. We specifically only handed kicked off the meetings to share information on different
The April 29th meeting was more of out two dots of each color so that people facility types and different facility users. We then had small
‘public involvement’ than a formal meeting. had to make a decision and prioritize as to break-out group discussions, conducted discussion report-
People lead busy lives and we have what was most desirable/presented the outs by each table, allowed time for general questions and
found that participation is much greater most opportunity vs. what they thought answers about the project, and ended the meeting with the
for project public involvement when was the least desirable/presented the Red Dot/Green Dot voting exercise on preferred facility types
offered a variety of public involvement most challenges. Because of its simplicity for the corridor. (see next page for voting tallies)
settings. We go to the people where they and high participation rate, and as you will Red Dot/Green Dot results from Public Meeting 1a, Red Dot/Green Dot results from Public Meeting 2a, held in Lorain
held in Vermilion
are already gathering, vs. holding only see throughout the public involvement
evening meetings where we ask people to section, we frequently used this method
take time out of their busy schedules to of information gathering throughout the
always come to us. This being said, we set planning process.
up a booth at the Gardeners’ Fair to solicit We gathered the same input at the May
input on the opportunities and strengths 4th meeting in Sheffield Lake. In addition
of the study area. We gathered this input to the Red Dot/Green Dot exercise, we
through a simple and quick Red Dot/ started the sit-down meeting with a formal
Green Dot exercise. Each participating presentation about the project, had small
individual was handed two red dot and break-out group discussions, conducted
two green dot stickers to place on the discussion report-outs by each table, and
project boards. The placement of a allowed time for general questions and
red dot on a concept/theme indicated answers about the project. Red Dot/Green Dot results from Public Meeting 1b, Red Dot/Green Dot results from Public Meeting 2b, held in Avon Lake Misc. Public Comments from Public Meeting 2b
held in Sheffield Lake

22 23
PUBLIC MEETINGs 2a & 2b Results
Photos from Public Meeting 2a Photos from Public Meeting 2b
TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES RED DOT / GREEN DOT VOTE TOTALS
STAKEHOLDER 2 PUBLIC 2-A PUBLIC 2-B TOTAL %

EXISTING (BIKE LANE) 12 1 14 0 3 10 29 11 73% 28%


BIKE LANE + 5' SIDEWALK 1 15 4 3 2 5 7 23 23% 77%
BIKE LANE + 8' SIDEWALK 1 6 1 14 3 5 5 25 17% 83%
BIKE LANE + 10' TRAIL 0 8 1 10 11 1 12 19 39% 61%
10' TRAIL 5 6 0 10 1 5 6 21 22% 78%
8' CYCLE TRACK + 5' SIDEWALK 17 0 16 0 10 2 43 2 96% 4%

TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES RED DOT / GREEN DOT VOTE TOTALS


STAKEHOLDER 2 PUBLIC 2-A PUBLIC 2-B TOTAL %

EXISTING (BIKE LANE) 12 1 14 0 3 10 29 11 73% 28%


BIKE LANE + 5' SIDEWALK 1 15 4 3 2 5 7 23 23% 77%

1 6 1 14 3 5 5 25 17% 83% BIKE LANES


BIKE LANE + 8' SIDEWALK + WIDENED SIDEWALK /
TRAIL 88
BIKE LANE + 10' TRAIL 0 8 1 10 11 1 12 19 39% 61%
79%
10' TRAIL 5 6 0 10 1 5 6 21 22% 78%
TRAIL / CYCLE TRACK
8' CYCLE TRACK + 5' SIDEWALK 17 0 16 0 10 2 43 2 96% 4% + SIDEWALK
(NO BIKE LANES)
23

21%
79% of the combined total Green Dot votes preferred some variation of a widened,
bi-directional multi-modal facility (i.e. a bike lane with a 8’ widened sidewalk, a bike
lane with a 10’ trail or a stand-alone 10’ trail.

24 25
PUBLIC MEETING 3
Photos from Public Meeting 3
Public Meeting 3 was extremely well presentation was given, each participant was It should be noted that given that the final
attended (especially given that the Cleveland given ten stickers that each had a $1 Million public meeting was conducted in Lorain, a
Indians played in the Major League Baseball dollar bill printed on it (which equaled $10 strong majority of the participants placed
playoffs that same night!) and was conducted Million dollars per person). Participants were their $1 Million dollar priority stickers on
in Lorain at Lakeview Park on October 5, 2017. instructed to use their $10 Million dollars to transportation alternative sections that are
The results of Public Meetings 2a and 2b were prioritize which segments of the multi-modal proposed within the City of Lorain, which was
presented as well as the final recommendations alternatives they preferred (as shown on the to be expected with the meeting location.
for the multi-modal transportation alternatives boards below), but many people chose to place That being said, the redevelopment site plan
along the entire length of the corridor and some of their stickers on the redevelopment in Vermilion was the favored project for the
the final site redevelopment plans for each site plans as a supporting “yes” vote for the evening via the sticker votes.
of the four communities. After the formal conceptual plans.

26 27
MAPPING + ANALYSIS

The Route 6 corridor traverses many unique scales of


the built environment, with each presenting unique
opportunities and challenges. The downtown Lorain
drawbridge is one such feature that requires creativity to
be successfully integrated into the larger network.
WETL AND INVENTORY [
1 in = 2 miles
CORRIDOR RIGHT-OF -WAY ANALYSIS
LANE CONFIGURATION AND PINCH POINTS
[
1 in = 2 miles
0 0.5 1 0 0.5 1

MUNICIPALITIES Miles BRIDGE PINCHPOINT Miles

STUDY AREA DIVIDED HWY


ESTUARINE AND MARINE DEEPWATER DOWNTOWN PINCH POINT
ESTUARINE AND MARINE WETLAND MULTILANE + TURN LANE
AVON AVON LAKE
L A K E E R I E L A K E E R I E
FRESHWATER EMERGENT WETLAND SHEFFIELD LAKE MULTILANE SHEFFIELD
FRESHWATER FORESTED/SHRUB WETLAND LAKE LAKE
TWO LANE
FRESHWATER POND ROAD + BIKE LANES
LAKE TWO LANE + TURN LANE
OTHER UNDETERMINED
RIVERINE MUNICIPALITIES
COUNTY STUDY AREA
LORAIN
LORAIN
C U YA H O G A
COUNT Y

L O R A I N C U YA H O G A
VERMILION C O U N T Y VERMILION
COUNTY
L O R A I N
C O U N T Y
I- 480 I- 480
I- 9 0 I- 9 0
I- 80 I- 80

E R I E E R I E
C O U N T Y C O U N T Y

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Standards and Support Team, wetlands_team@fws.gov, www.fws.gov/wetlands/, Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, ©
OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community

Exploring Natural Constraints Between the Lines


A key aspect of creating a facility alignment is understanding With a significant amount of development through much
existing natural barriers in the study area. Though numerous of the corridor, understanding public/private property
creeks, streams, and rivers bisect the corridor there are limitations of buildable area within the road right-of-way is
minimal areas where wetlands pose a challenge. This is helped necessary. A thorough analysis of the buildable area was
by the already developed Route 6 corridor. conducted to determine what facility types worked best for
30 each stretch of Route 6. 31
EXISTING + P OTENTIAL
EXISTING + P OTENTIAL PUBLIC TR ANSIT COMMUTERS
1 in = 2 miles
[
BIKE
BIKE / TR AIL / TR AIL CONNECTIONS
CONNECTIONS
1 in = 2 miles
0 0.5 1
0
PERCENT
Miles
0.5 1
PER CENSUS BLOCK GROUP (2014 ACS ESTIMATE)
0
1 in = 2 miles
1 2
Miles
Miles

< 2.5%
AVON LAKE 2.5% - 5%
AVON LAKE
SHEFFIELD AVON LAKE
SHEFFIELD LAKE 6% - 10% L A K E E R I E
SHEFFIELD
LAKE
LAKE
11% - 25%

26% +

MUNICIPALITIES

STUDY AREA

LORAIN
LORAIN
LORAIN

0
0
C U YA H O G A
COUNT Y
VERMILION

0
VERMILION

0
0
L O R A I N
0

VERMILION

0
C O U N T Y
0

I- 480
I- 9 0
I- 80

E R I E
C O U N T Y

Source:
Source: NOACA, TLCI Stakeholder Group, NOACA,
Google EarthTLCI Stakeholder Group, Google Earth
Sources: Esri, HERE, DeLorme, USGS, Intermap, increment P Corp., NRCAN, Esri Japan, METI, Esri China (Hong Kong), Esri (Thailand), MapmyIndia, ©
Sources: Esri, HERE, DeLorme, USGS, Intermap, increment P Corp., NRCAN, Esri Japan, METI, Esri China (Hong Kong), Esri (Thailand), MapmyIndia, ©
OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS User Community
OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS User Community
Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community

EXISTING BIKE LANE PLANNED / POTENTIAL BIKESHARROWS


LANE POTENTIAL SHARROWS
Leveraging the Network EXISTING BIKE LANE PLANNED / POTENTIAL BIKE LANE POTENTIAL Potential Users
EXISTING TRAIL / SIDEPATH EXISTING TRAIL // POTENTIAL
PLANNED SIDEPATH TRAIL / PLANNED
SIDEPATH / POTENTIAL TRAIL / SIDEPATH
MUNICIPALITIES MUNICIPALITIES
As seen in the figure above, numerous bike and pedestrian In addition to providing recreational opportunities, bicycle
around WIDENED SIDEWALKEXISTING
facilities have been, or are under, development in and EXISTING WIDENED
PLANNED SIDEWALK
WIDENED SIDEWALK PLANNED WIDENED SIDEWALK
STUDY AREA STUDY AREA and pedestrian networks can also benefit those who rely on
the study area. Since many of these focus on north/south public transportation in everyday life. Although vehicle-based
connections to bring communities to the lake, a continuous transportation is the predominant mode in the study area,
east/west connection along Route 6 fits into the big picture. there are areas in which transit users can also benefit from
32 increased safety and connectivity. 33
CORRIDOR L AND USE [
1 in = 2 miles PUBLIC PROPERT Y [
1 in = 2 miles
0 0.5 1 0 0.5 1

Miles Miles
PUBLIC PARCELS
LAND USE
MUNICIPALITIES
AGRICULTURAL
AVON LAKE STUDY AREA AVON LAKE
INDUSTRIAL
L A K E E R I E L A K E E R I E
COMMERCIAL SHEFFIELD SHEFFIELD
LAKE LAKE
RESIDENTIAL
PUBLICLY OWNED
PUBLIC UTILITIES
MUNICIPALITIES
STUDY AREA

LORAIN LORAIN
C U YA H O G A
COUNT Y

L O R A I N C U YA H O G A
VERMILION VERMILION
C O U N T Y COUNTY
L O R A I N
C O U N T Y
I- 480 I- 480
I- 9 0 I- 9 0
I- 80 I- 80

E R I E E R I E
C O U N T Y C O U N T Y

Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community

Land Use Patterns Public Property


The Route 6 corridor presents many unique landscapes In addition to the public right-of-way, public property can
ranging from dense single family residential, to wide-reaching most easily be leveraged to provide increased connectivity.
agricultural fields. Industrial sites, while large, are concentrated The numerous public parks and greenspaces within the study
34 in limited areas. Commercial districts are centered primarily area offer many opportunities to tie into existing networks. 35
along Route 6, as well as main north/south arteries. Additional public property can be assembled to create viable
tracts of land for future development sites.
BIKE NETWORK 1 in = 2 miles
0 0.5 1

EXISTING BIKE LANE Miles

EXISTING TRAIL / SIDEPATH


PLANNED / POTENTIAL BIKE LANE
PLANNED / POTENTIAL TRAIL / SIDEPATH
AVON LAKE
MUNICIPALITIES
SHEFFIELD
STUDY AREA LAKE

LORAIN

0
VERMILION

0
0

Source: NOACA, TLCI Stakeholder Group, Google Earth


Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community

Bike Lanes
Much of the study area, including all of Avon Lake and
Sheffield Lake, has existing bike lanes already present along
Route 6. Lorain has plans to grow its bike lane inventory
36 along Route 6 and city-wide. 37
connectivity
county lakefront
tlci plan
connectivity tlci plan
ation alternatives

3’ 3’
varies 5’ varies 3’ varies
varies 5’ 10’ varies 10’ varies 5’ varies 3’ varies
varies 8’ varies
5’ 10’ varies varies 8’ varies
ke lane bike lane lawn
lawn sidewalk driving lane lane + sharrow
driving bike lane lawnwidened
lawn sidewalk
sidewalk driving lane + sharrow lawn widened sidewalk
6” 6”
curb curb

Sidewalks/Widened Sidewalks Sharrows


Sidewalks are intermittent within the study area. The Newly constructed sidewalks need to be five feet Widened sidewalks are typically seven to eight feet According to the MUTCD (Manual of Uniform Traffic 250 feet after that. Vermillion, where travel lanes are too narrow for bicyclists
City of Lorain has the most consistent sidewalk network in width and a 1/4 inch or less vertical change per the wide. Eight feet in width is ideal because it allows for two Devices), on streets with on-street parallel parking, shared- Sharrows require good sight distance and low traffic and motorists to operate side by side within a lane. Drivers
within the study area, but gaps do occur along the Route new ADAAG (American Disabilities Act Accessibility bicycles, wheelchairs, etc. to safely pass one another when lane markings, or sharrows, should be placed at least 11 volumes and are not appropriate for roadways that have in the front, whether on a bicycle or in a motorized vehicle,
6 corridor, especially on the western side of the city. Guidelines) standards. In a sidewalk repair situation, traveling opposite directions. Traditional 5-foot sidewalks feet from the face of the curb, or edge of the traveled a posted speed limit of over 35 mph. have the right-of-way. For the Route 6 corridor, “Bicycles
Sidewalks are typically concrete with joints, but can be the minimum sidewalk width is four feet and the vertical and widened 8-foot sidewalks are both recommended way where there is no curb. On streets without on-street “Bicycles May Use Full Lane” signs should accompany May Use Full Lane” signs are recommended to be installed
decorative and include pavers or stamped concrete. change needs to be 1/2 inch or less. within the study. parallel parking, shared-lane markings should be placed sharrow pavement markings, but the signs do not and coincide with wherever sharrow pavement markings
at least 4 feet from the face of the curb, or edge of the necessarily need to occur at the frequency of the pavement are proposed.
38 traveled way where there is no curb. Sharrows should be markings This sign may be used on roadways without 39
installed immediately after every intersection and every bike lanes or usable shoulders, such as in Downtown
ounty lakefront connectivity tlci plan
rain county lakefront
tion alternatives connectivity tlci plan
ansportation alternatives

10’ varies 5’ varies 5’ varies 10’ 10’ varies 5’ varies 10’ 10’ varies 3’ varies 8’ varies 2’ 5’
ries
driving lane varies
bike lane buffer trail 10’ varies driving lane 5’ varies buffer
3’ varies 5’trail 10’ varies
driving lane buffer 5’ track 3’ buffer
varies
cycle varies sidewalk 8’
ane lawn driving lane bike lane lawn sidewalk (minimum)
driving lane (minimum
bike lane) lawn widened sidewalk

Bike Lanes Separated Bike Lanes/Cycle Tracks


Much of the study area, including all of Avon Lake and designated on-road facility. It is not legal for a pedestrian stronger visual cue and identification within the roadway. Separated bike lanes, also known as cycle tracks or bicycles from moving vehicles, doors swinging open into stressed the point that per the results of the study, “The
Sheffield Lake, has existing bike lanes already present to walk within a designated bike lane, or a vehicle to drive Bike lanes are recommended along Route 6 for the protected bike lanes, follow the same design guidelines as the bike lane itself, and provide a stronger visual cue and more physically separate cycling facilities provided, the
along Route 6. Lorain has plans to grow its bike lane within it. entire length of the corridor/study area minus a small traditional bike lanes, but they incorporate a designated identification within the roadway. In a 10-city study that more cycling levels grow, and in particular, the more
inventory along Route 6 and city-wide. Buffered bike lanes follow the same design guidelines section in Downtown Vermilion where the existing right- physical and vertical element between the bike lanes and documented the safety effects of protected bike lanes vs. women, children, and seniors are willing to cycle.”
Bike lanes require a smooth riding surface and are not as a traditional bike lane, but include a two to three-foot of-way widths and proximity of the existing buildings to roadway, parking lane, sidewalk, etc. The buffer zone that traditional bike lanes, “the combined number of fatalities Based on the results of the public involvement
appropriate for roadways with a posted speed limit of over painted buffer between the bike lanes and roadway, the roadway and sidewalk are too narrow to add additional contains this vertical element can be painted or physical and serious injuries … fell sharply compared to the number conducted for this study, protected bike lanes are not
45 mph. If a curb is present, bike lanes need to be five parking lane, sidewalk, etc. The buffer creates additional on-road facilities. and should be a minimum of one to two feet in width. That of daily bike commuters reported by the U.S. Census recommended within the study area along the Route 6
40 feet minimum in width, and four feet minimum in width if space between the bicycles from moving vehicles, doors being said, a 3-foot or greater buffer zone is much more Bureau in its annual American Community Survey.” A corridor. 41

a curb is not present. Unlike sharrows, bike lanes are a swinging open into the bike lane itself, and provide a desirable from a user standpoint. The separation protects researcher from Rutgers University from the same study
Source: https://www.citylab.com/transportation/2016/11/why-protected-bike-lanes-save-lives/508436/

lorain county lakefront con
transportation alternatives

2’ 10’ 2’ 10’ varies 5’ varies 5’ varies 10’ 10’ varies 5


buffer TRAIL buffer driving lane bike lane buffer trail driving lane

Shared Use Path/Trail Sidepath/Trail


Shared use paths, commonly known as trails, own a bike are only comfortable riding in a completely Per the results of the public involvement conducted as Sidepaths are essentially the same facility and design roadways, grassy or vegetative buffers are appropriate. as part of this study, sidepaths were the most desirable
accommodate bicyclists, pedestrians and bi-directional separated facility, such as a shared use path or sidepath part of this study, shared use paths (shown as sidepaths as a shared use path, but in general, they run adjacent to Next to higher speed roadways (typically above a posted facility to be included in the study. As shown in the final
traffic. Shared use paths need to be a minimum of ten (as described on the next page). While many people along Route 6) were the most desirable facility to be a roadway for long distances at a time. speed of 35 mph), a more physical separation should be multi-modal transportation recommendations, sidepaths,
feet wide with a two foot clear-zone buffer on either side associate shared use paths/trails as being for recreational included in the study. As shown in the final multi-modal Given that sidepaths are adjacent to roadways, the explored for sidepath buffers. These can include raised were incorporated wherever the public right-of-way space
of the path. If adjacent to a roadway, a 5-foot buffer is purposes, they are also commonly used for transportation transportation recommendations, shared use paths 5-foot buffer design is important to address as a case-by- curbs, planters, bollards, jersey barriers, etc. allowed.
required between the roadway and shared use path. and commuter purposes. Per the MUTCD, signage is very (shown as sidepaths along Route 6), were incorporated case basis with context-sensitive-solutions. On low-volume Per the results of the public involvement conducted
ADA compliance requires no greater than a 5% vertical flexible for shared use paths, and often, custom-designed wherever the public right-of-way space allowed.
42 slope and 2% cross-slope. According to FHWA (Federal branding, signage, wayfinding and kiosks are developed 43
Highway Administration), roughly 93% of people who for path/trail networks.
CONCEPTUAL PLANS
PRIORIT Y SITES ARTSTOWN
[
1 in = 2 miles
SHOPPING 0 0.5 1

PRIORITY SITES CENTER


SHOREWAY Miles

MUNICIPALITIES SHOPPING
CENTER
STUDY AREA SITE SELECTION + STAKEHOLDER INTERVIEWS
DOWNTOWN AVON LAKE
The economic development plans for be considered for either high-tech industrial community’s rich nautical history.
LORAIN SHEFFIELD each community were developed to create use or a public park. The location of the site To the east in Avon Lake, the Artstown
LAKE
a vision, development potential and overall straddling the border of Vermilion and the Shopping Center was selected to leverage
excitement for each redevelopment site. The City of Lorain created a unique opportunity its existing historically significant former
process started by first creating a dialogue, to present the location as a gateway. train depot, while creatively transforming
conducted by inSITE Advisory Group, with In Downtown Lorain, the area north the surrounding shopping strip property
the mayoral administrations and staff of of Route 6, comprised of mostly vacant into mixed-use project. Components of
each community. Taking into account industrial waterfront and the municipal the development include residential units
IRG LORAIN LLC. multiple factors including zoning, public complex, presented an opportunity to on the north side of Route 6 along with a
LORAIN ownership, location, and unique community transform the mouth of the Black River public beach, lakefront park, and fishing
characteristics, the administrations each into a mixed-use development that would pier.
C U YA H O G A
put forth a development location and bring potential anchor institutions and uses The Lorain County Commissioners,
COUNT Y several potential visions for the sites. These to downtown. The two finger peninsulas Lorain County Metro Parks and the four
visions differed in scale, use, and intensity reaching out into Lake Erie make for a communities involved in the plan will be
VERMILION on and among the sites. perfect location for the public to access using the conceptual site plans to create
Taking these visions into account, the vast views it provides. excitement around the redevelopment
Environmental Design Group created two Sheffield Lake chose to put forth a opportunities for their specific sites as well
I- 480 site layouts and programming options legacy suburban-style shopping center as use this document as a catalyst for zoning
I- 9 0 L O R A I N for each site that were then presented to and waterfront property that was re- changes/updates, grant funding, and
I- 80 C O U N T Y stakeholders. Input was gathered by the imagined as a lakefront lagoon/marina and conversations with potential developers.
mayoral administrations and staff of each mixed-use development. The development The following pages will highlight the
E R I E community and applied to sites to refine of various residential structures allows process each site went through from hand
C O U N T Y
the design and makeup. for a higher density population to exist sketched concept to final recommendation.
The City of Vermilion proposed an within the new development. The inclusion A detailed cost opinion, including
underutilized property owned by IRG of public park facilities and promenade shown square footages, for the proposed
Lorain, to would increase access to the water and conceptual site plan is located in the
highlight the appendix of this report.
Esri, HERE, DeLorme, MapmyIndia, © OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS user community

Planning for Development


The four communities all took creative approaches for
determining locations where impactful development/
redevelopment could occur. Criteria such as land availability,
46 proximity to amenities, and long term economic potential 47
were taken into account.
VERMILION PRIORIT Y SITE: [
1 in = 400 feet

SALVAGE YARD
0 200 400

Feet

SITE 1: VERMILION SITE CONCEPTS


PRIORITY SITE
The development site put forth by the The images shown to the left are two
MUNICIPALITIES
City of Vermilion sits along the eastern concepts developed for Vermilion Lakefront
border with the City of Lorain.
PARCELS The 26- development.
acre site is comprised of two individual Option one displays a Lakefront Park and
parcels, with the eastern parcel in Lorain Nature Center on the Vermilion side of the
E AVE
and the western in Vermilion. The current W ERI site. Connecting the bikeway to a nature
use of the site is as a salvage yard for park would open up the opportunity for the
automobiles. Prior to this the property public to experience the beauty of Lake Erie
was used as a holding area for vehicles as well as connect with nature. A woodland
produced at the former Ford plant to the OPTION 1 nature walk meanders through existing and
south, which closed in 2005. The property newly planted forest and meadow, and a
is bordered to the north by an active rail wetland pond. The 60-foot tall watchtower
line and the bluffs overlooking Lake Erie. Y AVE
invites birders to view migrating species,
LIB ERT

VERMILION
To the south is the Route 6 corridor and visitors to take in the Lake Erie vista.

LORAIN

RT RD
and the aforementioned Ford plant, now Returning this site back to a more natural state
NICHOLSON AVE
KISH

occupied by Trademark Global, Inc., and creatively implementing bioretention

BAUMHA
Heidelberg Distributing, and a majority elements, it may also serve an educational
MAN AVE

of the property is owned by IRG Lorain purpose to understand how nature can filter
C ROSSTR EE

LLC. An overpass used by Ford to move rain and stormwater runnoff.


inventory from the plant to the holding Option two keeps the site as it is in use today
LN

lot forms the eastern gateway. Wooded as light industry and an industrial warehouse,
vacant property occupies several acres making use of the northern railroad for
to the west of the property before SITE PARCELS transportation. This option was not selected
transitioning to low-density residential Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community as it would be in direct competition with the
lots. current owners of the site IRG Lorain and the
OPTION 2 adjacent site, Trademark Global, Inc

48 49
LORAIN PRIORIT Y SITE: [
1 in = 500 feet
0 250 500

DOWNTOWN
SITE 2: LORAIN
+ L AKEFRONT Feet

SITE CONCEPTS
The City of Lorain PRIORITY
chose to focus their
SITE The images shown to the left are two
development visions on Downtown Lorain. E concepts developed for Lorain Downtown
I D E AV
ES
On this 31.6-acre site PARCELS
there is a large LA K Riverfront Redevelopment. Both options
underutilized shipping facility along the suggest turning the old ore dock facility into
E
water’s edge. In the past, this facility was AV a riverfront park and marina. Currently there
DE

CA
KE SI VE

CO
L I FO
used to offload many of the ore freighters LA IEA are no dock slips in the area which can house

AR
E R

NN
that sailed the Great Lakes. The other E larger (55’+) recreational boats. These plans

RN
IZO

E CT
portion of the proposed development suggest fulfilling that niche market for larger

IA
N

ICU
AA

AV
site currently houses the Lorain Municipal T boats. They both also show a connection to
CS

TA
LN

VE
Court House on the corner of Route 6 and A S S D DR OPTION 1 the existing entertainment center of the City

VE
M P
Broadway Avenue. E CO OO of Lorain beneath the East Erie Avenue Bridge,
AV IF TW
Being that the site is located in the IE DR CO down Broadway Avenue and connecting to
T ST R LO
W 1S EE

WA
heart of the City of Lorain, the surrounding R Black River Landing.

ST
SU AD

SH

CIT

E
land use is quite diverse. The entire NS O Option one suggests a higher density plan
AV

ING
ET

YH
northern and eastern sides of the site AV E with townhouses that have great views of the

A LL
E
D ST

TO N
are surrounded by the lakefront. To west W 2N CA lake, various retail along both the riverfront

PL
E LIF
sits the Lorain Water Department facility, IE AV OR and creates a retail corridor along Broadway

AVE
W E R NIA
and blocks of single-family housing. The Avenue. This retail surrounds a large parking
BR
EM AV
AR E

BL
southern gateway consists of Veterans OW W garage that sits next to a Hotel and Conference

HA M
MA INA P

AC
LA

OBERLIN AVE
NE RIN K

BR
Memorial Park, a vacant hotel, and various

K
H ST A P WY Center.

KE

O
W 4T

ILTO

RI
LL
KW

AD

VE
WAS
restaurants and retail along Broadway. Option two contains the same land use

PL
Y
AV

R
ST

AY
but is a less dense version. The number of
E

LN
ND

HING
AVE
2
AS

W
SITE PARCELS townhouses is drastically reduced and retail
H

T
LA

fronts the riverfront but does not create the


BROWNELL AVE

ON
H ST
ND

W 5T inner corridor along Broadway Avenue. The

RE
CO R
AVE
AV

ID
EW BLV W 5TH ST OPTION 2 location of the Hotel and Conference Center
VI
E

ST

AV
N E LL
K E H has moved closer to the lake in this scenario,
D

H ST 7T

E
LA W 6T
N W giving the Hotel the views of the lake.

PL
Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community

50 51
SHOREWAY SHOPPING CENTER Feet

DR

ALLE
ATE R

CT
G EW

N
ED
PRIORITY SITE

PARCELS

SITE 3: SHEFFIELD LAKE N AVE SITE CONCEPTS


N N YS O
The city of Sheffield Lake decided TE E The images shown to the left are two
on the Shoreway Shopping Center to T H O RN concepts developed for the Sheffield Lake

BLVD
BRO OK S IDE
be redeveloped, located along Route 6 HAW VE Lakefront development.
A RICHELIEU
encompassing the existing Sheffield Lake
YS ON AVE Option one exhibits a less-intense version
N
Public Boat Ramp and Beach. The 27.8- TEN V E of the site, leaving the already publicly
A
acre site encompasses the entirety of the NE accessible library and boat ramp as-is. This

GRANTWOOD AVE
R

KENILWORTH AVE
BEACH ST
O

SUNSET AVE
Shopping Center South of Route 6 as well TH plan incorporates more residential housing
HAW VE
as a number of parcels North of Route 6, A of both single family and townhouses.

SHEFFIELD RD
incorporating Domonkas Branch Library Along Route 6, retail frontage and a new
RD

PASADENA AVE
and the Sheffield Lake Public Boat Ramp E OPTION 1 public park to connect the existing public
L AK

IDLEWOOD AVE
and Beach.
AVE lands to the north with the newly desired

HOLLYWOOD AVE
Currently , the site’s surrounding N grocery store to the south is shown.
N YS O

DUNNY AVE
land use consists mainly of single family N Option two reveals a Sheffield Lake
TE
residential. The property is bordered to Marina District. This plan is a more
the north by direct access to Lake Erie. E IVANHO E AVE IVANHOE AVE ambitious design to create new density of
N
The Northeast corner of the site sits a two OR residential demand surrounding the new

HOWELL ST
H
story, two building apartment complex. AWT E marina. The park now takes you down to
H AV
GR
M A E DR

RO WELYN AVE
ROBERTS ST
To the east there are a few restaurants as the waters edge and lets you experience
OV
PLE

well as a gas station. The Southern most Lake Erie at a different level. An inner
OLIVER ST

COMMUNITY RD
LAKEWOOD

LAKE BREEZE RD

MANSFIELD ST
BEACH DR

edge is mainly wooded, and nearby to the trail connects residential areas to this new
STARK ST

MARION ST
WARWICK DR

west the lays Memorial Park. waterfront park.


DR
EAST DR

SITE PARCELS
WEST

Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community
OPTION 2

52 53
AVON L AKE PRIORIT Y SITE: 1 in = 400 feet

ARTSTOWN SHOPPING CENTER


0 200 400

Feet

EDGEWOOD DR
ROSEWOOD DR
Y
PRIORITY SITE LON
CO R
D
SITE 4:PARCELS
AVON LAKE SITE CONCEPTS
W DR
VI E
The development site put forth by the
N NI E The two plans shown to the left are
City of Avon Lake sits to the east of the Avon BO two concepts developed for Avon Lake
Lake Power Plant (NRG Energy complex, B LVD Development.
a historic plant from 1926). The site, the TRI C Option one shows the site extending
E LE C
smallest of the four development sites, sits R D all the way to the waters edge creating a
RE E RD

AVALON
at 15.6 acres. The site encompasses both waterfront park and pier, and surrounding
L AK

WEST SHO
the north and south of Route 6. multi story condos, which would create a

RD
The parcels to the south of Electric splendid view of the lake. The retail and
LVD

ARTSDALE DR
Boulevard include the old train depot. C B mixed use south of Route 6 creates a small

BELMAR BLVD
MOORELAND DR
TRI
The central part of the site bordered by E LE C OPTION 1 commercial corridor, perfect for parking in
Electric Boulevard and Route 6 is known the parking garage and walking from shop
as Artstown Shopping Center, currently in to shop. The old train station would remain

MOORE RD
use for various retail vendors; gas station, in-tact and be refurbished into retail and
Vapor Lounge, and a Bar and Grill. The YORK ST office space.

ASHWOOD DR
section north of Route 6 is made up Option two is a more reserved version.
LVD

DUFF DR
of single family housing, parking and a B Keeping the small commercial corridor,
PARKSIDE

TRI C
restaurant. E LE C this plan incorporates no new housing
AVE

AVONDALE AVE

BURTON ST
Surrounding the site to the Northwest REDWOOD BLVD development and minimal surface parking.
and West is the Avon Lake Power Plant, The lesser density of this concept does
SHIEL DS AVE

and to the North Reast


D the Avon Lake City allow for the creation of some ball fields or
K E
Water Plant. LAEast of the site used to sit open space south of the old train station.
D
heavy industry, which now lays
I C BLV vacant.
R
E CT site is primarily
The southern portion ofE Lthe SITE PARCELS
residential.
Source: Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community

OPTION 2

54 55
MULTI-MODAL
TRANSPORTATION PLAN
Developing the Lakefront Multi-Modal Transportation Plan
The Route 6 corridor serves as the primary east- to develop the alignment, taking into account miles of functionally continuous transportation
west connection along the coast of Lake Erie for both cost and constructability concerns. for pedestrians and bicyclists. Major pinch points
the study area. With two counties and four cities Whenever possible, facilities followed local and or barriers are called out along the corridor. The
to navigate through, creating a cohesive, safe, national standards including the Ohio Department proposed lakefront multi-modal network improves
and successful multi-modal network is a unique of Transportation (ODOT) and the American connections for residents and visitors, while also
challenge. By incorporating information gathered Association of State Highway and Transportation enhancing safety for users. Graphic gross section
during the base mapping and analysis phase of the Officials (AASHTO). The following series of maps renderings are also included with each segment
study, a linear multi-modal transportation corridor and graphics illustrate the types of facilities diagram to highlight the usability for different
recommendation was created that balanced the recommended, widths of each travel mode, linear transport modes.
needs of existing transportation users, project length of facility, and the break points between A detailed cost opinion for each recommended
stakeholders, and the public. each segment. segment can be found in the appendix of this
An assortment of facility types was considered Cumulatively, the alignment comprises 28 report.

58 59
*ALL RECOMMENDATIONS ARE WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY
60
WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY

$2.05 Million

WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY


$0.5 Million
61
62
WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY

$1.0 Million

WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY


$1.5 Million
63
64
WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY

$1.0 Million

WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY


$3.0 Million
VERMILION
LORAIN
$2.5 Million
65
66
WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY

$2.0 Million

WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY


$2.0 Million
67
WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY

WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY


5’ BIKE LANE

SHEFFIELD LAKE AVON LAKE


$3.0 Million $5 Million $9.6 Million
68 69
70
WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY

Total $33.15 Million

WITHIN EXISTING RIGHT-OF-WAY


71
N O RT H / S O U T H C R O S SWA L K C O N N E C T I O N S
Veterans Memorial Park
EXISTING + P OTENTIAL 1 in = 2 miles

BIKE / TR AIL CONNECTIONS


Bicentennial Park Trail 0 0.5 1
Miller Road Park Miles
Shell Cove Park
Sherod Park West Shore Park
Shef f ield Lake Communit y Park
Lakewood Beach Park Armour AVON LAKE
Centur y Park Road SHEFFIELD
Vermilion Lorain Public Pier LAKE
Lakefront
Park Lakeview
Park

LORAIN

0
VERMILION TWP VERMILION LORAIN SHEFFIELD LAKE AV O N L A K E
ERIE COUNTY LORAIN COUNTY VERMILION

0
0
RIGHT-OF-WAY

0
EXISTING
WITHIN RIGHT-OF-WAY
EXISTING

Source: NOACA, TLCI Stakeholder Group, Google Earth Sources: Esri, HERE, DeLorme, USGS, Intermap, increment P Corp., NRCAN, Esri Japan, METI, Esri China (Hong Kong), Esri (Thailand), MapmyIndia, ©
OpenStreetMap contributors, and the GIS User Community

EXISTING BIKE LANE PLANNED / POTENTIAL BIKE LANE POTENTIAL SHARROWS


While Route 6 is an east/west directional route, the north/south connections along this corridor will
serve as a critical part in the success of the recommended improvements. The north/south connections EXISTING TRAIL / SIDEPATH PLANNED / POTENTIAL TRAIL / SIDEPATH MUNICIPALITIES
to other existing, planned and future multi-modal facilities will leverage existing networks, expand the
EXISTING WIDENED SIDEWALK PLANNED WIDENED SIDEWALK STUDY AREA
72 number of users within these networks, and create a safe, easy and convenient multi-modal options 73
within Lorain (and Erie) County. ROUTE 6 CORRIDOR
REDEVELOPMENT PLANS

74
CONCEPTUAL SITE PLANS

VERMILION LORAIN DOWNTOWN SHEFFIELD LAKE AVON LAKE


LAKEFRONT PARK RIVERFRONT REDEVELOPMENT MARINA DISTRICT LAKEFRONT DISTRICT

NATURE CENTER HOTEL AND CONFERENCE CENTER TOWNHOUSES MULTISTORY RESIDENTIAL


OUTDOOR PLAZA PARKING GARAGE CLUSTER RESIDENTIAL MIXED USE RETAIL AND RESIDENTIAL
PAVILIONS RETAIL AND OFFICE RESTAURANTS MIXED USE RETAIL AND OFFICE
LAKE ERIE OVERLOOK TOWNHOUSES GROCERY STORE PARKING GARAGE
WOODLAND WALK RESTAURANTS LIBRARY RESTAURANTS
DRIVE AND PARKING WATERFRONT PROMENADE MARINA REFURBISHED TRAIN STATION BUILDING AND PARKING
WETLAND PONDS PARK BEACH BOAT LAUNCH PARK PLAYGROUND
DOCK PARK SPLASH PAD PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE PARK BEACH
MEADOWS PUBLIC PAVILION CANAL BOARDWALK PUBLIC PIER
FOREST CREATION MARINA

76 77
VERMILION LAKEFRONT PARK CONCEPT REFINEMENT
The proposed Vermilion Park transforms pit and seating, full size individual swings for insects, birds, and other species.
the existing automobile salvage yard into under pergola shade, and access to the pier A railroad inspired overlook is proposed
a lush, green space for active recreation, over an approximate half acre lily pad pond. along the northern edge of the park, providing
peaceful observation, and immersion in Additional elements enhancing the park ADA accessible space to take in views of
natural surroundings. A shared use path, include: approximately one and a half acre of not only passing trains and ships, but of the Vermilion Development Plan
accented by a painted blue dotted line guide, a newly created forest, two acres of wetlands stunning vista of Lake Erie spanning the BUILDING + DEVELOPMENT COST $2,828,000
travels the inner perimeter of the park space traversed by a pedestrian bridge, small rain horizon. SITE + UTILITY COST $8,486,000 It is assumed that the Vermilion Lakefront
between the railroad and U.S. Route 6. Parking gardens, and over five acres of prairie grass A detailed cost opinion for the proposed Park will be operated by a public or non-
for 70 vehicles serves visitors seeking use meadows. These elements serve as green conceptual site plan is located in the appendix profit entity and will not have commercial or
of the open-air pavilion, community rooms, stormwater infrastructure to collect, attenuate, of this report. residential real property tax impacts. As a
park, the job creation and/or payroll estimates
Nature Center, and outdoor facilities. Paved and treat stormwater while also providing are unknown for this site.
space adjacent to the building provides natural habitats
placemaking with a fire

78 79
Vermilion Lakefront Park Vermilion Lakefront Park Elevated Overlook
A 10-foot wide shared use path is proposed throughout the Vermillion Lakefront Park site. The path gives direct access
to the proposed amenities of the park and is located on the north side of Route 6. Compared to some of the other proposed
multi-modal improvements within the corridor, this portion of the shared use path has a very park-like feel due to its proposed
80 sinuosity and proximity to and incorporation within the proposed park. 81
Lorain Lakefront Trail, Vermilion Lakefront Park

82 83
BUILDING +
DEVELOPMENT COST
$193,708,000
SITE + UTILITY COST
$29,438,000
COMMERCIAL REAL
PROPERTY TAX IMPACT:
$3,137,000

RESIDENTIAL REAL
PROPERTY TAX IMPACT:
$783,000

LORAIN DOWNTOWN RIVERFRONT JOB CREATION: 443


REDEVELOPMENT CONCEPT REFINEMENT PAYROLL ESTIMATES:
The proposed site development of the the eastern side of the development. Based seating, and a collection of grassed earthen $11,417,000
Lorain Priority Site utilizes the existing on stakeholder feedback, the ampitheater mounds with shade trees. Also proposed are
underutilized shipping dock as the base of was removed from the final conceptual site green infrastructure bioretention gardens to See Economic Impact Analysis
an expansive mixed-use space. Over five plan. sustainably address the stormwater runoff, Overview Appendix page #29
acres of surface parking and a 3-level parking On the western side, a sea wall calms new roadways to circulate multi-modal
garage serve residents and visitors to the the waves at the entrance to a 55-slip boat traffic, and additional park space on the Lorain
development, comprised of townhouses, marina. The northern pier hosts an open- eastern edge near Erie Avenue.
commercial retail space, restaurants, office air pavilion, public restrooms, a multi- A detailed cost opinion for the proposed
Downtown Riverfront
space, and over four acres of active and fountain recirculating splash pad, several conceptual site plan is located in the Redevelopment Plan
passive recreation. The Conference Center areas of shaded and benched seating, a one appendix of this report.
serves as an anchor for business and third acre sand beach area with reclined
entertainment, accented by an adjoining
hotel on

84 85
Lorain Downtown Riverfront Redevelopment Lorain Riverfront Promenade
An 8’ widened sidewalk directly adjacent to Route 6 is proposed on the north side of the roadway for pedestrians and
bicyclists to access the Lorain Downtown Riverfront Redevelopment. A 14-foot wide public promenade is proposed adjacent
to the Black River along the east side of the redevelopment site provides great views to both the river and Lake Erie, as well
86 as multi-modal access to the 3,215-foot (0.6 mile) long eastern finger pier. Widened sidewalks are proposed throughout the 87
entirety of the redevelopment site.
Lorain Pier Park, Beach & Marina Lorain Hotel and Conference Center

88 89
SHEFFIELD LAKE BUILDING +
MARINA DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT COST
CONCEPT REFINEMENT $66,398,000
The proposed Sheffield Lake
Redevelopment features the creation of SITE + UTILITY COST
a retained earth canal inlet with a 20-slip $57,800,000
boat marina. Residential units consisting of
townhouses and cluster homes, retail and COMMERCIAL REAL
commercial space including a grocery store, PROPERTY TAX IMPACT:
and a new public library surround the marina. $218,000
New roadways are added for vehicular
access to parking and building frontage RESIDENTIAL REAL
throughout the development. Although U.S.
PROPERTY TAX IMPACT:
Route 6 continues along its existing alignment,
complete street elements are added and the $1,130,000
profile is raised to accommodate the canal
and structures below. In order for Route 6 JOB CREATION: 201
to cross the new canal approximately 800 ft.
of ramped roadway, supported by retaining PAYROLL ESTIMATES:
walls, and a 120 ft. bridge would be added. $2,835,000
An existing windmill is relocated but shall
remain in the area for power generation. See Economic Impact Analysis
The boardwalk, peninsula walking path, Overview Appendix page #29
café seating restaurants, open air pavilions,
public restrooms, and bench seating provide Sheffield Lake
placemaking for residents and visitors. The
development area is served by approximately
Marina District
six acres of parking, a large boat launch, and Redevelopment Plan
temporary dockage.
A detailed cost opinion for the proposed
conceptual site plan is located in the appendix
of this report.

90 91
Sheffield Lake Marina District Restaurants, Bicycle/Pedestrian Bridge Sheffield Lake Marina District & Reconfigured Boat Launch
A 10-foot side path, adjacent to Route 6, is proposed on the north side of the roadway for the length of the Sheffield Lake Marina District
plan. A wide public and elevated “canal walk” is proposed along the retaining wall along the proposed canal into the marina development
redevelopment, which provides great views to both the canal and Lake Erie, as well as multi-modal access to the proposed restaurants,
92 relocated public library and residential redevelopment. While the boat area of the marina itself is shown as gated, widened sidewalks are 93
proposed throughout the entirety of the redevelopment site for full public access. A a secondary shared use path/trail, with a separate bicycle
and pedestrian bridge over the canal, is proposed with within the redevelopment site to provide additional multi-modal access within the site.
Sheffield Lake Marina District

94 95
BUILDING +
DEVELOPMENT COST
CONCEPT REFINEMENT $74,037,000
The proposed mixed-use Avon Lake SITE + UTILITY COST
Redevelopment combines new retail,
commercial, and residential space with $10,751,000
over three acres of unique park features.
COMMERCIAL REAL
A one-third acre sandy beach with shaded
seating and active recreation space, a PROPERTY TAX IMPACT:
restaurant with café seating, and a public $497,000
pier overlook Lake Erie on the northern
coast. Adjacent to these features are a RESIDENTIAL REAL
park with active play, shade trees, seating, PROPERTY TAX IMPACT:
public restrooms, and an open-air pavilion. $726,000
An ADA accessible walkway connects
the residential units, nearly three acres of
parking, office space, existing businesses, JOB CREATION: 417
and other mixed-use spaces.
A “Main Street inspired” public space PAYROLL ESTIMATES:
provides multi-modal access to open $13,215,000
seating, a showpiece fountain surrounded
by a railroad inspired pergola, on-street See Economic Impact Analysis
Overview Appendix page #29
parking, and flowering bioretention rain
gardens. Existing roadways are resurfaced
and upgraded with complete street Avon Lake
essentials such as bike lanes, widened Lakefront District
sidewalks, and natural elements.
A detailed cost opinion for the proposed
Redevelopment Plan
conceptual site plan is located in the
appendix of this report.

96 97
Avon Lake Lakefront District Avon Lake Lakefront District
A 10-foot side path, adjacent to Route 6, is proposed on the north side of the roadway for the length of the Avon Lake Lakefront District
plan. Widened sidewalks, as well as multiple public plaza gathering spaces, are proposed throughout the entirety of the redevelopment site
for full public access.
98 An expansive pier for viewing the lake, fishing, walking and biking jetties into Lake Erie from the northern portion of the redevelopment area, 99
and a widened sidewalk and/or trail is proposed to connect the pier to the proposed elevated beach area (shown on page 98).
Avon Lake Lakefront District Avon Lake Lakefront District Beach

100 101
FUNDING + IMPLEMENTATION
PHASING
Implementing a 28-mile lakefront multi- transportation programs which could the corridor.
modal network will take time and will need to provide support to both further Bike Lane striping/painting should
be designed and constructed in phases. As study and/or implement many of be considered as a short-term phasing
seen on pages 106 and 107, the corridor has the recommendations of this plan. solution for Route 6 Corridor. Non-slip paint
been broken down into four implementation For updated information, check is relatively inexpensive and many of the
phases, with multiple segments listed in out the NOACA Funding Guide at existing roadway sections in the study area
each phase. The type of facility, available funding.noaca.org. have enough room within the paved right-of-
funding for that specific type of facility, As a short-term/out-of-the-gate step, it is way that bike lane striping could be installed
connections and access to and from recommended that a branding, signage and imediately. In addition to immediate bike
destinations, and segment connectivity wayfinding plan and design be developed lane striping, there are three areas within the
were all taken into account when developing for the corridor. It was brought up many corridor that buffered bike lanes potentially
the implementation phasing list. times throughout the planning process fit within the existing paved right-of-way
A detailed list of funding sources is that the new network of Lorain County and should be considered. These areas
described within this report (beginning on lakefront trails, widened sidewalks and bike include:
page 108). While all funding sources have lanes should have an official name, graphic • Just east of the Lorain County Line to
nuances related to what types of projects identity, and signage and wayfinding that is Baumhart Road (existing pavement
they are eligible for, below are a few easily recognizable and intuitive to follow. ranges from 50’ to 75’ in width)
important items to note as they relate to Users should be able to “follow the yellow • Baumhart Road to Leavitt Road
this project: brick road” along this new multi-modal (existing pavement ranges from 54’ to
• ODNR (Ohio Department of Natural network without having to think twice 73’ in width)
Resources) Clean Ohio Trail Funds about it. A quick and inexpensive first-step • Leavitt Road to Broadway (existing
and Recreational Trail funds are not to implementing this branding, signage and pavement ranges from 46’ to 66’ in
eligible for concrete facilities. There wayfinding package is by installing banners width)
are multiple 8-foot widened sidewalks, along the Route 6 corridor and new multi-
which are typically made out of modal facilities as they are built. Banners
concrete, recommended within this can easily be attached to existing light poles
study. and utility poles to save money on the poles
• NOACA manages several themselves and to avoid pole clutter along

Out-of-the-Gate Implementation
It is recommended that a branding, signage and wayfinding plan and design be developed
for the corridor. Users should be able to “follow the yellow brick road” along this new
multi-modal network without having to think twice about it. An example of this, as shown
104 in the above rendering, are consistent blue dots along the proposed trails and widened 105
sidewalks, accompanied by cohesively designed and appropriately placed signage.
MULTI-MODAL PHASING RECOMMENDATIONS

PHASE I - $7.0M PHASE II - $8.0M PHASE III - $8.55M PHASE IV - $9.6M


• VERMILION - SHEROD PARK TO DECATUR ST. ($1.5M) • LORAIN - ROUTE 6 INTERCHANGE TO LAKEVIEW PARK ($2M) • SHEFFIELD LAKE - ABBOTSFORD DR. TO EASTERN BORDER WITH • AVON LAKE - WESTERN BORDER WITH SHEFFIELD LAKE TO
• VERMILION - SALEM DR. TO VERMILION LAKEFRONT PARK ($3M) • VERMILION - DECATUR ST. TO SALEM DR. ($1M) AVON LAKE ($5M) EASTERN BORDER WITH CUYAHOGA COUNTY ($9.6M)
• LORAIN - VERMILION LAKEFRONT PARK TO • LORAIN - LAKEVIEW PARK TO BROADWAY AVE. ($2M) • VERMILION TWP. - REYNOLDS RD. TO BARNES RD. ($2.05M)
ROUTE 6 INTERCHANGE ($2.5M) • LORAIN - BROADWAY AVE. TO ABBOTSFORD DR. ($3M) • VERMILION TWP. - BARNES RD. TO VERMILION COUNTY CLUB
($0.5M)
• VERMILION - VERMILION COUNTY CLUB TO SHEROD PARK ($1M)

106 107
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
Local Economic Development Districts/Entities (individual communities may vary) Local Property Tax Abatement Program (individual comm unities may vary)
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails Fun ding Name Iss uing Age ncy Proje ct De tail s

Community Improvement
Nonprofit Corporation Nonprofit corporation to facilitate economic development for municipalities, counties and townships. A property tax ab atement program benefiting property owners who renovate existing buildings or
Corporations (CIC)
Community Reinvestment Ohio Development Services construct new buildings. Allows municipalities or counties to designate areas w here investment has
Area Program Agency lagged as a CRA to encourage revitalization of the existing housing stock and the development of
DRD's and Innovation Districts provide a funding opportunity to rehabilitate historic buildings, create new structure.
Downtown Redevelopment jobs, and support technology-oriented businesses. Municipalities are able to divert increases in https:// development.ohio.gov/bs/bs_comreinvest.htm
Local Municipalities
District (DRD) property tax revenue relating to improvements to certain uses. The exemption may apply to up to
70% of increases in valuation, and it may last up to 10 years.
A six-year local p roperty tax exemption for certain unused development sites. The exemption is
Undeveloped Property Tax
Local Jurisdictions availab le for owners of unused development sites qualifying as "newly developable property" or
A public-private partnership between local governments and private developers to achieve Abatement
"redevelop ment property".
development and redevelopment goals. The NCA is designed to align with planning concepts for
New Community Authorities Local government and private
utilities, open space and other supportive facilities. An NCA is a separate public body that is governed
(NCA) partner
by a board of trustees and they may oversee, coordinate, construct and finance public infrastructure
improvements and community facilities for the benefit of the community.

At least 60% of owners of the front footage or at least 75% of owners of the land area within the
Special Improvement Property Owners, Municipal proposed SID agree to petition the participating political subdivisions for the creation of the SID and
District (SID) Corporations the development and implementation of plans for public improvements and public services that
benefit the SID. (Ohio Revised Code 1710)

A multi-jurisdiction organization that combines government entities with the flexibility of private
Transportation Improvement
Local Jurisdictions corporations. The TID may oversee improvements, including construction, repair and maintenance or
Districts (TID)
new and existing transportation infrastructure. (Ohio Revised Code 5540)
https://lcgp.net/FinancingYourBusiness/tabid/62/Default.aspx
Infrastructure financing tool that dedicates a portion of the incremental property tax payments,
Tax Increment Financing Municipal Corporations derived from the increased property value of the project, to finance bonds issued to pay for certain
public infrastructure costs related to the project.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development#

108 109
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
JobsOhio Grant and Loan Programs Ohio Development Services Agency
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails

Economic Development The JobsOhio Economic Development Grant was created to promote economic development, Design and construction of green infrastructure as part of economic development projects. The funds
JobsOhio Alternative Stormwater Ohio Development Service
Grant business expansion, and job creation by providing funding for eligible projects. can pay for design, demolition, construction, materials and administrative costs associated with the
Infrastructure Loan Program Agency
green infrastructure project.
http://jobs-ohio.com/why-ohio/incentives/
https://development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_altstormwater.htm
The JobsOhio Growth Fund provides capital for expansion projects to companies that have limited
access to capital and funding from conventional, private sources of financing. JobsOhio will consider Financial assistance to implement projects to create more efficient and effective service delivery.
Growth Fund Loan JobsOhio Local Government Efficiency Ohio Development Service
loans to companies that are in the growth, established or expansion stage, and that have generated Learn and use Lean Six Sigma to improve an identified process resulting in making services simpler,
Program Agency
revenues through a proven business plan. faster, better, and less costly.
http://jobs-ohio.com/why-ohio/incentives/ https://development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_localgovfund.htm

The JobsOhio Revitalization Program Loan and Grant Fund is designed to support the acceleration of Financial assistance for planning and implementing projects to create more efficient and effective
Revitalization Program Loan redevelopment sites. An eligible site is an abandoned or under-utilized contiguous property where Local Government Innovation Ohio Development Service
JobsOhio service delivery. Improve business environments and promote community attraction with their plan for
and Grant Fund redevelopment for the immediate and primary purpose of job creation and retention are challenged Fund Agency
efficiency, collaboration, or shared services.
by significant redevelopment constraints.
https://development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_localgovfund.htm
http://jobs-ohio.com/why-ohio/incentives/

The Ohio Brownfield Fund is a collection of funding sources that can be used to help plan, assess, and
The JobsOhio Workforce Grant was created to promote economic development, business expansion,
Ohio Development Services remediate brownfields throughout the state. The program can provide loans up to $500,000 for Phase
Workforce Grant JobsOhio and job creation by providing funding for the improvement of worker skills and abilities in the State of Ohio Brownfield Fund
Agency II Environmental Assessment. The program can provide loans up to $5,000,000 for environment
Ohio.
cleanup.
http://jobs-ohio.com/why-ohio/incentives/
https://development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_brownfield.htm

110 111
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
State of Ohio Tax Credit Programs Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails

Ohio Department of Natural


The Ohio JCTC is a refundable tax credit provided to companies generally creating at least 10 new Clean Ohio Trails Fund Improve outdoor recreational opportunities by funding trails for outdoor pursuits.
Job Creation Tax Credit Ohio Development Services Resources
jobs with a minimum annual payroll of $660,000. The Ohio Tax Credit Authority reviews and approves
Program (JCTC) Agency https://development.ohio.gov/cleanohio/RecreationalTrails/
application and sets the tax credit rate and term.
https://development.ohio.gov/bs/bs_jctc.htm The Coastal Management Assistance Grants help implement, administer and enforce the Ohio Coastal
Management Program. Outlined in Ohio Revised Code Section 1506.02 (C ). The program manages
Coastal Management ODNR Office of Coastal
Ohio New Markets Tax Credit Ohio Development Service The program is a nonrefundable tax credit designed to incentivize investors to fund businesses in goals for the Ohio's portion of the Lake Erie, the coast and watershed. Those goals are to preserve,
Assistance Grants Management
Program Agency qualified active low-income communities. protect, develop, restore, enhance and balance the use of the coastal resources. Applicants provide
50% of the project costs.
https://development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_onmtcredit.htm http://coastal.ohiodnr.gov/cmagrants#OVE

Funds are available for public roadway improvements, including engineering and design costs. Funds Land and Water Conservation Ohio Department of Natural
JobsOhio and Ohio Acquisition, development, and rehabilitation of recreational areas
629 Roadwork Development Proje
are available for projects primarily involving ct De tails research and development, high
manufacturing, Fund Resources
Development Services http://ohiodnr.gov/grants
Grant Program technology, corporate headquarters, and distribution activity. Projects must create or retain jobs.
Agency
Retail projects are ineligible.
https://development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_r629.htm Ohio Department of Natural
NatureWorks Program Acquisition, development, and rehabilitation of recreational areas
Resources
http://ohiodnr.gov/grants
Ohio Department of Public Safety
Fun ding Name Iss uing Age ncy Proje ct De tail s For development of urban trail linkages, trail head and trailside facilities; maintenance of existing trails;
restoration of trail areas damaged by usage; improving access for people with disabilities; acquisition
Ohio Department of Natural
Recreational Trails Program of easements and property; development and construction of new trails; purchase and lease of
Section 402 Highway Safety Ohio Department of Public Resources
Maps, Safety/Education Position, Police Patrol, Helmet Promotion, Safety Brochure/Book and Training recreational trail construction and maintenance equipment; environment and safety education
Funds Safety
http://publicsafety.ohio.gov/grants.stm programs related to trails
http://ohiodnr.gov/grants

112 113
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
Ohio Department of Transportation The Ohio History Connection
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails Fun ding Name Iss uing Age ncy Proje ct De tail s

The purpose of Safe Routes to School is to encourage and enable students in grades k-8 to walk or Ohio State Historic
Safe Routes to School Ohio Department of Projects that: strengthen community historic preservation, protect and preserve cultural resources,
ride their bicycle to school. Projects can be either engineering (improved crossings, sidewalks, etc.) or Preservation Fund Certified The Ohio History Connection
Program Transportation promote economic development.
non-engineering (education and encouragement programs). Local Government Grants
https:// www.ohiohistory.org/preserve/state-historic-preservation-office/clg/clggrants
www.dot.state.oh.us/saferoutes

Ohio State Historic Projects in three categories: Organizational Develop ment, Programs & Collect ions, and Bricks &
The State Infrastructure Bank (SIB) is used as a method of funding highway, rail, transit, intermodal, The Ohio History Connection
Preservation History Fund Mortar.
and other transportation facilities and projects which produce revenue to amortize debt while
State Infrastructure Bank Ohio Department of https:// www.ohiohistory.org/preserve/local-history-services/history-fund/history-fund-guidelines
contributing to the connectivity of Ohio's transportation system and further the goals such as corridor
Loans and Bonds (SIB) Transportation
completion, economic development, competitiveness in a global economy, and quality of life. Eligible
borrowers include any public entity. Federal Tax Credit Programs
http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/Finance/Pages/StateInfrastructureBank.aspx Fun ding Name Iss uing Age ncy Proje ct De tail s
The County Surface Transportation Program provides funds to counties, through the County Engineers,
County Surface Transportation State - Ohio Department of for roadway related improvements, including bridges not eligible for the county bridge program, on The Na tional Park Service -
Program Transportation county maintained roadways. The County Engineers Association of Ohio (CEAO) serves as program A nonrefundable tax credit for the rehabilitation and re-use of certified historic and older buildings that
U.S. Department of the
manager for project selection and administration. Federal Historic Preservation are income producing properties. The program provides federal income tax i ncentives. A 20% income
Interior, Internal Revenue
http://noaca.org/index.aspx?page=131 Tax Credit Program tax credit is av ailable for rehabilitation of certified historic, income producing buildings. A 10% tax
Service and State Historic
credit is av ailable for the rehabilitation of non-historic buildings places in service before 1936.
Preservation Offices

Federal Loan Programs https:// www.nps.gov/tps/tax-incentives.htm


Fun ding Name Iss uing Age ncy Proje ct De tail s
U.S. Department of The
7(a) Loan Program and 504 Small B usiness Administration The SBA does not make loans itself, but rather guarantees loans made by participating lending New Market Tax Credit Treasury and Ohio The U.S. and Ohio NM TC program provides a tax credit incentive for investors to fund businesses in
Loan Program (SBA) institutions. These programs ass ist small exis ting businesses and start-ups. Program (NMTC) Develo pment Services low-income com munities.
https:// www.sba.gov/loa ns-grants/se e-what-sba-offers/sb a-loan-programs Agency
https:// development.ohio.gov/cs/cs _onmtcredit.htm

114 115
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails

The Site Assistance and Brownfield Revitalization section administers two brownfield assistance U.S. EPA Brownfield U.S. Environmental Protection Assessment grants provide funding for a grant recipient to inventory, characterize, assess, and
programs –Targeted Brownfield Assessment and Technical Assistance. Both programs purpose is to Assessment Grant Agency conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfield sites.
assist local government entities with their goal of transforming blighted properties into economic and https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/types-brownfields-grant-funding#tab-2
Grant-Funded Brownfield Ohio Environmental
community assets. Capitalized by a grant from USEPA, the brownfield assistance programs target
Assistance Protection Agency Revolving loan fund (RLF) grants provide funding for a grant recipient to capitalize a revolving loan
community driven projects in need of property assessment and technical assistance. Eligible
applicants include local government entities such as counties, cities, villages, townships, port fund and to provide sub-grants to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield„sites. Through these
authorities and county land banks. U.S. EPA Brownfield Revolving U.S. Environmental Protection grants, EPA seeks to strengthen the marketplace and encourage stakeholders to leverage the
Loan Fund Grants Agency resources needed to clean up and redevelop brownfields. When loans are repaid, the loan amount is
http://epa.ohio.gov/derr/SABR/Grant_Assistance.aspx
returned into the fund and re-lent to other borrowers, providing an ongoing source of capital within a
community.
Nonpoint source pollution, stream/wetland restoration, agricultural BMP's acid mine drainage, riparian https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/types-brownfields-grant-funding#tab-3
Ohio Environmental
Section 319 Grants restoration, riparian & wetland protection (conservation easements), other nonpoint source
Protection Agency
implementation projects. Cleanup grants provide funding for a grant recipient to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield„sites.
http://epa.ohio.gov/dsw/nps/319Program.aspx An eligible entity may apply for up to $200,000 per site. Due to budget limitations, no entity can
U.S. EPA Brownfields Cleanup U.S. Environmental Protection
apply for funding cleanup activities at more than three sites. These funds may be used to address sites
Grants Agency
contaminated by petroleum and hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including
Stream restoration and renaturalization, riparian restoration and protection, wetland restoration and
Surface Water Improvement Ohio Environmental hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum).„
protection, innovative stormwater demonstration (public property only), lake restoration and
Fund Protection Agency https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/types-brownfields-grant-funding#tab-3
protection, agricultural BMP demonstration projects.
http://epa.ohio.gov/dsw/nps/swif.aspx Annual Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training grants allow nonprofit and other
organizations to recruit, train, and place predominantly low-income and minority, unemployed and
The TBA program provides property assessment services at no cost to eligible applicants. Services U.S. EPA Environmental
Targeted Brownfield Ohio Environmental U.S. Environmental Protection under-employed people living in areas affected by solid and hazardous waste. Residents learn the
include, Phase I environmental site assessment, asbestos surveys, geophysical surveys and limited or Workforce Development and
Assessment (TBA) Protection Agency Agency skills needed to secure full-time, sustainable employment in the environmental field, including
supplemental phase II property assessment. Job Training
assessment and cleanup. These green jobs reduce environmental contamination and build more
http://epa.ohio.gov/derr/SABR/Grant_Assistance.aspx#150274514-targeted-brownfield-assessment-tba-program sustainable futures for communities.
https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/types-brownfields-grant-funding#tab-3

116 117
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
Port Authorities
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails

Lorain Port Authority,* The Lorain Port Authority Brownfield Grant Program is for community-wide assessments of brownfield
Brownfields Grant Program Lorain County Community properties. The grants may be used to assess, identify characterize and plan cleanup activities at
Development** potentially contaminated sites.

Lorain Port Authority,* The program provides tax-exempt financing for land and building acquisition, renovations, new
Conduit Financing Program
Lorain County Port Authority construction and equipment purchase. This program can provide up to 100% financing.
State of Ohio Loan/Bond Programs
The program can assist qualified businesses to receive a sales tax exemption on all construction Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails
Construction Financing Lorain Port Authority,* materials related to the project. The Port Authority would lease the facility to the company. For
Program Lorain County Port Authority federal tax purposes, the owner is the borrower and acquires the project for $1.00 at the end of the The 166 Direct Loan Program provides low interest loan financing assistance to businesses for the
lease term. The borrower retails full control of the property. allowable costs of eligible projects. Eligible projects include those related to industry, commerce, and
Ohio Development Services
166 Direct Loan Program distribution or research activities. For land and building acquisition, construction, expansion, or
Agency
The program assists developers and business owners in financing public infrastructure projects. renovation, and equipment purchases for eligible businesses. The program provides low-interest loans
Special assessment financing can be used to supplement TIF bonds and the bonds allow the borrower up to 40 percent not to exceed $1.5 million.
to reduce the amount of equity or conventional financing. The local municipality levies an annual http://jobs-ohio.com/why-ohio/incentives/
Special Assessment Program
special assessment on the project in an amount sufficient to finance debt issued to pay for certain
public infrastructure costs related to the project. This program can provide 100% fixed-rate, The Regional 166 Direct Loan Program provides low-interest loan financing assistance to businesses
tax-exempt financing for 10 to 33 years. creating new or preserving existing jobs. Eligible projects include those related to industry, commerce,
Ohio Development Services
* https://www.lorainportauthority.com/development/incentive-financing-programs/ Regional 166 Direct Loan and distribution or research activities. For land and building acquisition, construction, expansion, or
Agency
** https://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development# renovation, and equipment purchases for eligible businesses. The program provides low-interest loans
up to 40 percent not to exceed $1.5 million.
https://development.ohio.gov/bs/bs_r166dl.htm

118 119
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
Lorain County Community Development Department
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails

The Coalition uses grant funding to assess properties and quantify risks to human health and the
Lorain County Community
Brownfield Coalition environment. Conduct Phase I and II environmental assessments, remedial planning and design and
Development Department
community outreach at properties that are currently underutilized and abandoned.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development

The Ohio Development Services Agency Community Development Program provides federal funding
Lorain County Community
Community Development to communities. Programs that can be funded are as follows; Economic Development Loan Program,
Development Department
Block Grant (CDBG) Economic Development Public Infrastructure Grant Program, Neighborhood Revitalization, Downtown
City of Lorain
Revitalization and Critical Infrastructure.
https://www.development.ohio.gov/cs/cs_edcgrantee.htm

The program is administered by municipal and county governments that provides real property,
Lorain County Community
Enterprise Zone Tax personal property, or real and personal property tax incentives to eligible employers expanding or
Development Department
Abatement locating in Ohio. Enterprise Zones are designated areas (zones) of land in which enterprises may
City of Lorain
receive tax incentives in the form of a tax abatement on eligible new investments.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development#

Foreign-Trade Zones are secure areas under U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) supervision
that are generally considered outside CBP territory upon activation. Located in or near CBP ports of
entry, they are the United States' version of what are known internationally as free-trade zones.
Lorain County Community
Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) Foreign and domestic merchandise may be moved into zones for operations, not otherwise prohibited
Development Department
by law, including storage, exhibition, assembly, manufacturing, and processing. All zone activity is
subject to public interest review. Foreign-trade zone sites are subject to the laws and regulations of
the United States as well as those of the states and communities in which they are located.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development# and https://www.cbp.gov/border-security/ports-entry/cargo-security/cargo-
control/foreign-trade-zones/about

120 121
SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT SOURCES FOR FUNDING AND SUPPORT
Lorain County Community Development Department (continued)
Funding Name Issuing Age ncy Proje ct De tails

The Land Reutilization Corporation is organized as a Community Improvement Corporation. (1)


facilitating the reclamation, rehabilitation and reutilization of vacant, abandoned, tax- foreclosed or
other real property within the county for whose benefit the corporation is being organized, but not
limited to the purposes described in division (B)(2) of Section 1724.01 of the Ohio Revised Code; (2)
Lorain County Land
Land Reutilization Corporation efficiently holding and managing vacant, abandoned or tax-foreclosed real property pending its
Reutilization Corporation
reclamation, rehabilitation and reutilization; (3) assisting governmental entities and other non-profit or
for-profit persons to assemble, clear, and clear the title of property described in division (B)(2) of
Section 1724.01 of the Ohio Revised Code in a coordinated manner; or (4) promoting economic and
housing development of the county or region.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development#

Lorain County Community A lending program that assists local companies by providing gap financing on approved projects, and
Revolving Loan Fund
Development Department can cover up to 50% of overall project costs.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/community-development#

Recycling Revolving Loan Lorain County Solid Waste This fund provides low interest loans to Lorain County businesses and organizations that utilize
Fund Management District recycled materials either in their building materials or in their manufacturing process.
http://www.loraincounty.us/commissioners-departments/solid-waste-management/grant-programs

Northeast Ohio Areawide Coordinating Agency


Fun ding Name Iss uing Age ncy Proje ct De tail s

Projects that help reduce traffic co ngestion and improve air quality. Funds may be used for traffic
Congestion Mitigation and Air No rtheast Ohio Areawide signal upgrade projects, bus replacements, bike facilities, intelligent transportation system
Quality Coordinating Agency improvem ents, transit center and Park-N-Ride construction and for conducting N OACA's Air Quality
Program.
www.noaca .org

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