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Hampton Court

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Palacio de Hampton Court

Hampton Court Palace, casa del guarda.

Información general

Uso(s) Palacio Real

Catalogación Edificio listado como Grado I y Monumento


planificado

Localización Londres, Reino Unido

51°24′12″N 0°20′15″OCoordenadas:
Coordenadas
51°24′12″N 0°20′15″O (mapa)

Finalización 1514

Fecha de 1838
construcción

Inauguración 1838

Material ladrillo

[editar datos en Wikidata]

El Palacio de Hampton Court es un palacio real en el municipio londinense de Richmond


upon Thames, Gran Londres, en el condado histórico de Middlesex, y dentro de la ciudad
postal de East Molesey, Surrey; la Familia Real Británica no lo habita desde el siglo XVIII.
El palacio está a 18,8 kilómetros al sudoeste de Charing Cross y corriente arriba del río
Támesis desde el centro de Londres.
Índice
[ocultar]

 1Historia y descripción
 2Jardines
 3Leyenda
 4Juegos Olímpicos de 2012
 5Enlaces externos

Historia y descripción[editar]
Originariamente fue construido para el cardenal Thomas Wolsey, un favorito del rey
Enrique VIII, alrededor de 1514; en 1529, cuando Wolsey perdió el favor del rey, el palacio
pasó al rey, que lo amplió.

Fachada sur diseñada por Christopher Wren.

Bóveda del Gran Salón de Hampton Court.

Se compone de cuatro grandes patios, sin una organización regular y algunos más de
menor tamaño. Actualmente entre el río y el palacio existe una amplia plaza, la "Outer
Green", que termina en un foso salvado por puente que mandó construir Enrique VIII.
Sobre el puente se pueden ver los escudos, sostenidos por leones y unicornios, del
rey Jorge II, que dan a esta parte anterior de la entrada el nombre de "Trophy Gates".
Palacio de Hampton Court con identificación de zonas. A: Fachada oeste y entrada principal; B:
Patio principal; C: Torre del Reloj; D: Patio del Reloj; E: Patio de la Fuente; F: Facada este; G:
Fachada sur; H: Banqueting House; J: Gran Hall; K: Río Támesis; M: Jardines del este; O:
Habitaciones del Cardenal Wolsey; P: Capilla

Enrique VIII la estableció como su residencia en 1536. Durante su construcción


intervinieron artistas como G. de Maiano que decoró las torres octogonales con
medallones de terracota. La entrada, modificada entre 1771 y 1773, se remonta a la
primera fase del palacio y a su primer propietario: el cardenal Wolsey, que ordenó construir
la residencia en 1515. En cuanto a la decoración, trata tanto motivos heráldicos como
animales mitológicos (grifos y unicornios). Tras pasar la puerta de la entrada, nos
encontramos con el "patio bajo", el primero de los patios interiores. A la izquierda se llega
al Patio del Reloj, que se asocia al recuerdo de Ana Bolena. Junto a la parte que se
remonta a la época de Wolsey y Enrique VIII, se levantó el edificio construido por Wren a
partir de 1689.
En el centro de las fachadas Christopher Wren situó un grupo de columnas corintias. Los
dos patios mayores son los del Reloj y el de La Fuente. La "Great Hall" y la "Capilla Real"
son dos joyas de este palacio. La primera fue encargada por Enrique VIII y fue acabada el
mismo año en que ajusticiaron a Ana Bolena. La Capilla Real también fue embellecida por
Enrique VIII, pero solo queda la bóveda, todo lo demás fue diseñado por Wren. A fines
del siglo XVII se realizó una reconstrucción del palacio inspirado en el de Versalles y
ejecutada por Christopher Wren. En 1730 se le añadieron unas esculturas con motivos de
animales por William Kent.
Dentro del palacio se pueden observar pinturas de la Royal Collection: Tiziano, Hans
Holbein el Joven, Correggio, Jean Clouet, Louis Laguerre, James Thornhill y Gerrit van
Honthorst, entre otros, pero la gran joya son Los triunfos del César de Mantegna,
seguramente las mejores pinturas de dicho artista fuera de Italia.

Jardines[editar]

Uno de los jardines de Hampton Court.

Fueron diseñados por George London y su discípulo Henry Wise entre 1689 y 1695.
Leyenda[editar]
Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación
acreditada.
Este aviso fue puesto el 2 de agosto de 2017.

Se creyó por mucho tiempo que el espíritu de Catalina Howard, una de las esposas
de Enrique VIII, vaga por todo el recinto. Esta muchacha fue asesinada brutalmente en
la Torre de Londres por orden expresa de su marido.
Hampton Court era la residencia favorita del rey Enrique VIII, célebre por haber ordenado
la muerte de varias de sus esposas. Catalina o Catherine Howard fue una de ellas. Él la
acusó de adulterio y la encerró en una habitación de Hampton Court. Logró escapar y trató
de buscarlo para implorarle perdón. Sin embargo, los guardias la atraparon y a los pocos
días murió decapitada. En el pasillo donde fue atrapada se han escuchado sus alaridos e
incluso han aparecido en el suelo rastros de sangre que parecen rasguños. El fenómeno
ha sido tan intenso que la misma reina Isabel designó en el 2001 a un grupo de científicos
para detectar actividad paranormal en la propiedad. Los expertos comprobaron que
ocurrían cosas inexplicables y quedaron atónitos al ver los videos donde aparecía la figura
de Catherine Howard.
Sin embargo, pronto se comprobó que el aire frío de la sala era producto de la presencia
de varias puertas, muchas de ellas ocultas, y que distan de cerrar herméticamente, lo que
permite la entrada de aire frío al salón donde Howard fue atrapada.[cita requerida]

Juegos Olímpicos de 2012[editar]


Durante los Juegos Olímpicos de Londres 2012, Hampton Court fue utilizado como salida y
meta de la carrera de ciclismo contrarreloj.

Enlaces externos[editar]

 Wikimedia Commons alberga una galería multimedia sobre Hampton Court.

Hampton Court Palace, uno de los mejores


palacios de Inglaterra
Escrito por PlanetaE en Inglaterra, Viaje | 90 comentarios
Hampton Court Palace es uno de los ejemplos más espectaculares de la
arquitectura Tudor en Inglaterra. Después de haber sido escenario de
varios eventos importantes en la historia del país y del mundo, la casa del
rey Henry VIII (Enrique VIII, en español) y su hija, la reina Isabel I, es un
lugar fascinante situado a orillas del río Támesis, una región rodeada de
pintorescos pueblos a sólo 30 km de Londres.

Un poco de historia
El palacio tiene una historia fascinante y debe sus orígenes a los Caballeros Hospitalarios de
San Juan de Jerusalén, una orden religiosa que inicialmente construyó un edificio para el
almacenamiento de ganado y productos de la tierra en el lugar donde se encuentra el palacio.
Posteriormente, un religioso muy poderoso, el cardenal Wolsey, arzobispo de York, se le fue
dado el lease, o el contrato de arrendamiento.
Wolsey construyó un enorme complejo, transformando lo que era una casa privada en el
magnífico palacio digno de un obispo. Ello continuó la construcción del gran palacio y agregó tres
nuevas cámaras para el uso de la familia real, el rey Enrique VIII, su esposa española, Catalina
de Aragón, y su hija María (que después sería llamada Bloody Mary).
Wolsey era muy envidiado y también criticado en la corte por su extravagante estilo de vida, que
culminó con la construcción de Palacio de Hampton Court. Según él, este palacio refleja la gloria
de su soberano, Enrique VIII, pero el rey no veía las cosas asi. El ascenso al poder del cardenal,
con el apoyo de Roma y del mismo rey, le llevó a su trágico final. El rey le culpó del fracaso de
la anulación de su matrimonio con Catalina de Aragón, que no podía darle un heredero varón.
Este fracaso para lograr la anulación del matrimonio dio lugar a la separación de Inglaterra con
la Iglesia Católica y la creación de la Iglesia Anglicana, que perdura hasta nuestros días.

Cómo llegar a Hampton Court Palace


Hampton Court Palace es fácilmente accesible en tren, a través de la línea que parte de la
estación de Waterloo en el centro de Londres. Los trenes salen cada media hora y la tarifa es de
£ 5,50 por trayecto. A su llegada a la estación de Hampton Court, todo lo que debe que hacer es
seguir las indicaciones hacia el palacio, que está a sólo 5 minutos de distancia caminando. Para
comprar sus billetes, busque una máquina en la estación de Waterloo y puede pagar con tarjeta
de crédito o en efectivo. El sistema es en inglés, pero algunas máquinas tienen otros idiomas
como el español.
También existe la posibilidad de comprar entradas para Hampton Court, a través de nuestro
socio, Viator, uno de los distribuidores oficiales. Haga clic aquí para ver la página.
Para las personas que hablan otros idiomas, las audio-guías son un bonus, aun cuando están
disponibles de forma gratuita ya que dan una buena explicación de cada sección del palacio.
Encontrar el lugar donde se entregan puede ser difícil, así que estén atentos (a) a las señales
que informan dónde está el centro de información y entrega de la guía, indicado por un señal de
un auricular. Recuerde que debe devolver la unidad antes de salir del palacio para ver los
jardines!

[Show slideshow]
Poco después de la salida del centro de información, se encuentra la entrada a los Henry VIII’s
Apartments, o los cuartos del rey Enrique VIII. Esta parte del palacio es sencillamente
espectacular, y allí se encuentra el Great Hall, la gran sala, que es la más grande del palacio,
con tapices que datan de 1500. El techo del Great Hall está plagado de detalles únicos, y fue
aquí donde el rey celebraba sus suntuosos banquetes. Lo más interesante es que los sosias del
rey y sus cortesanos están en una habitación contigua, listos para hacerse fotos con los visitantes
(sin cargo), e incluso tocar las canciones que reproducen los sonidos de aquella época.

Leia mais no Planeta Europa Hampton Court Palace, uno de los mejores palacios de Inglaterra | Planeta
Europa http://espanol.planetaeuropa.com/inglaterra/hampton-court-palace-uno-de-los-mejores-palacios-
de-inglaterra/#ixzz5HlHjr1CK

Chimenea de estilo tudor en Hampton Court - Londres, Inglaterra

Estilo Tudor
Ir a la navegaciónIr a la búsqueda
Vista exterior de la capilla del Kings College.

Detalle del techo y chimeneas - Palacio Hampton Court.

Christs College Gate.


Altrincham Old Market Place.

En arquitectura, el estilo Tudor constituye el desarrollo final de la arquitectura medieval durante


el período Tudor (1485-1603) y más allá, para los patrones conservadores. Siguió al estilo
perpendicular , y fue reemplazado por la arquitectura isabelina en los edificios con alguna pretensión
de «estar a la moda».
Entre sus características principales se encuentra el arco Tudor, un arco de cuatro centros, la
ventana oriel, un aventanamiento distintivo que sobresale del plano de la fachada, las molduras más
frecuentes y los ornamentos de follaje más naturalistas. Sin embargo el Tudor es un estilo de difícil
definición, incluyendo la sugerencia implícita de continuidad durante toda la duración de la dinastía
Tudor, y la engañosa impresión que hubo una ruptura con la ascensión de los Estuardo (Jacobo VI)
en 1603. En la arquitectura doméstica se pueden encontrar muros edificados con soleras de madera y
mampuestos, a la manera de un half-timbering,1 literalmente o más propiamente en inglés wattle and
daub.2
En la arquitectura religiosa, algunos de los principales ejemplos son:

 Capilla de Enrique VII en Westminster. (1503)


 King's College Chapel, Cambridge
 St George's Chapel en el castillo de Windsor.
 La vieja escuela de Oxford.
En arquitectura doméstica:

 Eltham Palace, Kent


 Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk
 Owlpen Manor, Gloucestershire
 King's College, Aberdeen
 Layer Marney Tower, Essex
 East Barsham Manor, Norfolk
 Fords Hospital, Coventry.
 Compton Wynyates
 Hampton Court
 Montacute House (Tudor tardío)
 Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire (Tudor tardío)
 Old Market Hall, Shrewsbury
 Hunsdon House, Hertfordshire
También existe arquitectura Tudor en Escocia, como por ejemplo en el King's College, Aberdeen.
En el siglo XIX, una mezcla libre de estos elementos góticos tardíos e isabelinos se utilizaron en
hoteles y estaciones de ferrocarril, en un revival denominado neo-tudor, Jacobethan o Mock Tudor.3
Los edificios estilo Tudor tienen seis elementos distintivos:

 half-timbering decorativo.1
 techos en pendiente abrupta.
 Prominente cruz hastial.
 Puerta y ventanas altas y estrechas.
 Pequeños paneles de cristal
 Grandes chimeneas, a menudo ornamentadas con volúmenes decorativos.

Véase también[editar]
 Arco Tudor
 Neo-tudor

Referencias[editar]
1. ↑ Saltar a:a b Half-timbering: «media viga o media madera», técnica de elevación de muros
mediante una estructura de madera cuyos espacios intermedios se rellenan con mampostería.
2. Volver arriba↑ Wattle and daub: literalmente «zarza, (ramas) y mezcla», combinación en
albañilería de fibras o elementos de refuerzo de madera con un mortero húmedo sobre la base de
caliza, yeso u otros minerales.
3. Volver arriba↑ Mock Tudor: literalmente, Tudor fingido o simulado.

 Este artículo es una obra derivada de la edición de 1911 de la Encyclopædia Britannica,


disponible sin restricciones conocidas de derecho de autor. Esta obra derivada se encuentra
disponible bajo las licencias GNU Free Documentation License y Creative Commons Atribución-
CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.

Enlaces externos[editar]

 Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre Estilo Tudor.


 Foto (enlace roto disponible en Internet Archive; véase el historial y la última versión). de una casa Tudor
en Salisbury.
 Esta obra contiene una traducción derivada de Tudor style architecture de Wikipedia en
inglés, concretamente de esta versión, publicada por sus editores bajo la Licencia de
documentación libre de GNU y la Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-CompartirIgual 3.0
Unported.
Categorías:
 Estilos arquitectónicos
 Arquitectura del Reino Unido
 Inglaterra de los Tudor
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Sutton Place, Surrey
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Main entrance of Sutton Place

Sutton Place photographed before 1899. Viewed from NE


Imaginary Tudor scene in courtyard of Sutton Place depicted c. 1840 by Joseph Nash

Front doorway to Sutton Place, in shape of Tudor arch, imaginary Tudor scene by Nash, c. 1840

Sutton Place, 3 miles north-east[n 1] of Guildford in Surrey, is a Grade I listed Tudor manor
house built c. 1525[1] by Sir Richard Weston (d. 1541), courtier of Henry VIII. It is of great
importance to art history in showing some of the earliest traces of Italianate renaissance design
elements in English architecture. In modern times, the estate has had a series of wealthy owners, a
trend started by J. Paul Getty, then the world's richest private citizen,[2] who chose to spend the last
17 years of his life there. Its current owner is the Russian billionaire Alisher Usmanov. A definitive
history of the house and manor, first published in 1893, was written by Frederic Harrison (d. 1923),
jurist and historian, whose father had acquired the lease in 1874.

Contents
[hide]

 1Architecture
o 1.1Historical assessment
o 1.2Description
 2Terracotta elements
 3Painted glass
 4History
 5Descent of the manor
o 5.11521–1782: Weston
o 5.21782–1857: Webbe-Weston
o 5.31857–1904: Salvin
o 5.41904–18: Witham
 6Weston Chapel, Holy Trinity Church, Guildford
o 6.11918–present
 7Portraits of owners
 8St Edward the Confessor Church
 9Notes and references
 10Sources
 11Further reading
 12External links

Architecture[edit]
Historical assessment[edit]
Bindoff (1982) stated:
The building, with its perpendicular forms overlaid with Italian ornament, bears little resemblance to
any other courtier's house of the 1520s, and it ranks with the vanished Nonsuch Palace as a landmark
in the introduction of renaissance ideas"[3]
Harrison (1899) stated it to be "a landmark in the history of art",[4] and "a cinquecento conception in
an English gothic frame".[5] He identified it as "one of the first houses built as a peaceful residence,
with no thought for defence...one of the first country houses in the modern sense, instead of an
imitation castle...Weston perceived that the Wars of the Barons were over, that a gentleman might
live at his ease under protection of law and the king's peace".[6] Weston was certainly daring in his
choice of eye-catching decoration above his front-door, for which he surely risked being ridiculed by
his manly friends, including the king himself: innocent loving children at play: the amorini. Was this
a signal by an avant-gard Sir Richard to his visitors, many of whom must have been valiant and
experienced soldiers, that his house was to be a haven where love and play were de rigueur, not the
old-fashioned militaristic conversations and behaviours? What a different message this was to that
placed above the gates of Dante's Inferno: Lasciate ogne speranza, voi ch'intrate, "Abandon all
hope, ye who enter here". At Sutton, the defensive towers and turrets of the old castles and fortified
manors have been reduced to mere pilasters, covered with decorative terracotta, cariacatures of their
former selves, perhaps as symbols of a deliberate rejection of defensive elements by Weston. The
symbolism of the short stretch of crenellated parapet on the roofline above the front-door, one of the
most potent aspects of the old defensive fortress, has been disarmed and cancelled-out by the almost
jarring sight of a covering of yet more playful amorini. A more deliberately dissonant juxtaposition
would be hard to imagine, yet that is what Sir Richard ordered to be erected. Sutton is clearly a
house with a message to proclaim, which would not have been, could not have been, missed by its
visitors.
Description[edit]

Original north wing containing gatehouse, demolished 1782, drawing made in 1779

The house is built of red brick and was originally of four blocks enclosing a quadrangle exactly
81 ft. 3 ins. square.[7] The northern block or wing was demolished in 1782, giving the house its
present open appearance of a U-shape, the two surviving flanking wings forming a courtyard looking
to the east. An unusual feature is that, due to the extreme flatness of the site, the entire ground floor
of the whole house stands on the exact level of the soil, so that no step exists for entering the house
on any side.[8] It is set within a separately listed formal parkland at the end of a long driveway.[9]

Terracotta elements[edit]

Terracotta amorini above entrance door, detail from 1840 illustration by Nash
Drawing of single amorino at Sutton Place. They are said to be holding rosaries, but perhaps resemble
more Steelyard balances

The decorative elements made from moulded terracotta on the facade are renaissance italianate.
They consist of designs made from 40-50 different moulds,[10] most strikingly comprising a panel of
two rows of amorini immediately above the entrance door. Such Italianate influence had never
before been seen in English architecture, and is thought to have resulted from designs seen by
Weston during his travels on embassies to France, where he might have seen some of the newly built
chateaux on the Loire. With very minor exceptions, no stone was used in the building and decoration
of Sutton Place, only brick and terracotta.[11] Thus, the bases, doorways, windows, string-
courses, labelsand other dripstones, parapet, angles, cornices, and finials are all of moulded
clay.[10] Such usage is only found in two other contemporary English buildings, East Barsham
Manor in Norfolk and Layer Marney Tower in Essex. Its use was, however, rapidly abandoned in
England, to appear again only in the Victorian era. The terracotta proved very hard-wearing and was
described by Harrison in 1899 as "sharp and perfect" in condition.[10] The terracotta has, however,
undergone, in the 1980s, a £12 million refurbishment, involving much replacement, by the specialist
firm Hathernware Ceramics Ltd, which used 18 different colour blends of clay to match the original
variety of shades.[12] Prior to that, it seems the only new elements were from 1875 when 10 new
terracotta mullions and window-frames made by Messrs Blashfield of Stamford, from moulds of
existing windows, replaced sash-windows inserted in the 18th century. Two completely new small
windows were, at the same time, created from terracotta in the gables of the quadrangle.[13]

Monogram of Sir Richard Weston, moulded terracotta


Rebus of Weston, a "waisted-tun", a barrel with concave ends. Terracotta moulding at Sutton Place

Other terracotta decorative elements include framed monograms of "R W", the builder, and reliefs of
his rebus of the concave-ended barrel, probably signifying a "waisted-tun". The "tun" was a play on
the last syllable of Weston. The concave-ended barrel is sometimes shown between two goose heads,
the significance of which is unclear, unless it be the French word Oie plus -"tun". Willam Bolton
(d.1532), prior of St Bartholomew's in Smithfield, is also known to have used the rebus of a "tun", as
can be seen in his surviving oriel window within the church in the form of a barrel with a bolt of a
crossbow passing through vertically. Another recurring terracotta element is a double bunch of
grapes, thought by some to represent hops. Harrison believes the story of Weston having been "the
King's brewer" unfounded and "a vulgar story".[10] Similar hop-like bunches of grapes also feature at
Layer Marney, and there is no evidence of Lord Marney, captain of the royal bodyguard, having
been similarly a brewer.

Painted glass[edit]

Painted glass at Sutton Place. Detail of ground floor hall window to south of entrance door, illustration
by Joseph Nash, c.1840
The hall windows contain fine painted glass, much installed contemporaneously with the building of
the house. These consist of shields of arms and other rebuses. There are, in total, 14 windows
containing 92 separate lights, each containing a shield or quarry of painted glass. They are of
different dates and quality, belonging to three separate epochs, but mostly relating to the builder's
family. Some glass predates the house and is believed to have come from the earlier manor house of
Sutton. Harrison states certain to be "of extraordinary beauty and rarity"..."of the finest painted glass
of the time of Henry VIII".[14] Apart from family arms, the arms of King Richard III and emblems of
the Roses, Red and White are also shown; all relate to the Battle of Bosworth at which Edmund
Weston, Governor of Guernsey, father of Sir Richard, is thought to have assisted Henry Tudor by
providing the use of money, ships or even a contingent of soldiers.[15]

History[edit]
Sutton Manor, within which the Tudor mansion is situated, appears in Domesday Book of 1086
as Sudtone. It was held by Robert Malet. Its Domesday assets were: 3 hides; 1 mill worth 5s,
3 ploughs, 20 acres (81,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 25 hogs. It rendered £5. The previous
manor house stood about a quarter of a mile from the present house, on the hill now occupied by St
Edward's Chapel and Vine Cottage.[16]
Within Sutton Place was once the blood stained ruff of St Thomas More and a
crystal pomegranate that once belonged to Queen Catherine of Aragon. The pomegranate emblem of
the Queen features as a decoration in several places within the house, which suggested to Harrison
that Weston certainly built the house before she was divorced by Henry VIII in 1533, and possibly
before 1527 when it would have been known by his courtiers, such as Weston, that the King had
turned his affections away from Catherine towards Anne Boleyn.[17]

Descent of the manor[edit]

Arms of Weston: Ermine, on a chief azure 5 bezants

Sutton Place remained in the Weston family and families related to it by marriage until 1919,
although let out for part of the time. The family was recusant from Tudor times, which precluded it
from taking an active part in public life. Successive occupants thus lived as retiring country
gentlemen of reduced means, which meant that the house escaped remodelling through the ages. A
collection of portraits of the Weston, Webbe and Webbe-Weston family was sold at auction on 13
July 2005 by Sotheby's Olympia, London.[18]
1521–1782: Weston[edit]

 Sir Richard I Weston (d.1541). Granted manor by Henry VIII on 17 May 1521.[19]
 Sir Henry Weston (d.1592), grandson of Richard I. From about 1569 the fortunes of the
Westons fade,[20] they start to live more at Clandon.
 Sir Richard II Weston (1564–1613), son of Henry. Led an uneventful life, knighted 1603.
 Sir Richard III Weston (1591–1652), canal builder & pioneering agriculturalist. Son of Richard II.
Last prominent member of Weston family in English public life.[21] In 1641 he sold Clandon
Park and Temple Court Farm at Merrow to Sir Richard Onslow, MP for Surrey in the Long
Parliament and ancestor of the Earl Onslow.[22]
 John I Weston (d.1690), 2nd and eldest surviving son of Richard III, his eldest brother Richard
IV having died young. Married in 1637.[23]Mary Copley da. & heiress of William Copley
of Gatton, Reigate, Surrey.[24] He sold Gatton in 1654 and Sutton Place once again became the
Weston's principal residence.[25] He constructed a new quadrangle on the side of the east wing
of Sutton Place, as service quarters, and generally refitted-out the house.
 Richard V Weston (d.1701). Married Melior Nevill, da. of William Nevill of Holt, Leicestershire.
 John II Weston (d.1730), only son of Richard V, and last heir male of the blood of the
founder.[26] He married Elizabeth Gage (d.1724), sister of Thomas Gage, 1st Viscount
Gage (d.1754). He refitted the upper part of the east wing which had been dilapidated since a
fire in 1561, creating a long gallery. His wife Elizabeth was, in Harrison's estimation,[27] the
subject of Alexander Pope's "Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady", published in 1717.
Harrison derives his opinion from a note of Pope's appended to his letter to Mrs Weston, and
states the story of the poem, involving a suicide, to be pure imagination.
 Melior Mary Weston (1703–1782), spinster, last of the Weston name. A portrait exists of her in
1723 aged 20. She bequeathed all her estates to John Webbe, a very distant cousin, on
condition that he adopted the name and arms of Weston.[28] John Webbe-Weston erected a
marble tablet to her memory in Holy Trinity Church, Guildford where she was buried in the
Weston Chapel built by Sir Richard Weston the founder, inscribed as follows:[29]
"To the Memory of Melior Mary Weston of Sutton Place in the county of Surrey, Spinster. This
Marble was erected as a tribute of sincere respect and gratitude by John Webbe Weston of
Sarnesfield Court in the county of Hereford, Esq. who in pursuance of her last will and bequest
succeeded to her name and estates. She was the last immediate descendant of an illustrious Family
which flourished in this county for many successive generations, and with the ample possessions of
their ancestors inherited their superior understanding and distinguished virtues
obiit, 10 Junii, MDCCLXXXII, aet. 79. R.I.P."

John Webbe erected a tablet very similar to this one in Sarnesfield Church in 1795 to the memory of
his other spinster distant cousin Ann Monington, a nun who had left her Hereford estates, including
Sarnesfield, to him in 1780. Ann Monington's father Edward's second wife was Bridget Webbe and
he died without any male heirs. John Webbe, to whom Ann Monington left the Sarnesfield Estate,
was the son of Bridget Webbe's uncle Thomas Webbe of Hammersmith.[30] It appears both bequests
came to him due to his having adhered to the Roman Catholic religion, which other cousins in
contention for the bequests had deserted, to the displeasure of the legators. John Webbe-Weston was
the son of Thomas Webbe, a linen draper, of York Street, St Paul's, Covent Garden (in the 1740s)
and of Brook Green, Hammersmith (in the 1770s) by Ann Tancred, daughter of Thomas Tancred, a
woollen draper, of St Paul's, Covent Garden (in 1768) by Frances Gazaigne.[31] Thomas Tancred was
the grandson of Sir William Tancred, 2nd Baronet (d.1703) of Aldeborough, Boroughbridge,
Yorkshire, by Elizabeth Waldegrave, da. of Charles Waldegrave of Stanninghall, Norfolk, 2nd son
of Sir Edward Waldegrave, 1st Baronet.[32] Thomas Webbe's mother was the sister of William Wolffe
of St Giles-in-the-Field and Great Haseley, Oxon, who married Frances Weston, aunt of Melior
Mary Weston. William Wolffe's mother was Anne Pincheon of Writtle, Essex, daughter of John
Pincheon who was the son of Sir Edward Pincheon of Writtle by Dorothy Weston, sister of Richard
Weston, 1st Earl of Portland, who shared a common descent with Richard Weston the founder of
Sutton Place from a certain Humphrey Weston.[33]
1782–1857: Webbe-Weston[edit]

 John Webbe-Weston (d.1823), assumed by licence in 1782 the surname Webbe-Weston, but
did not adopt old Weston arms. He was descended from the sister of William Wolffe, the
husband of Frances, Melior's paternal aunt. The Wolffes of Great Haseley, Oxon., were
descended from the Westons of Preston Hall, Essex. In 1782, the year he inherited Sutton
Place, he demolished the dilapidated gatehouse wing[34] He completed renovations in 1784,
having rejected proposals of the architect Bonomi to remodel the house in an Italianate or
neo-classical style. In 1794 he inherited Sarnesfield Court, Hereford, (demolished in 1955) from
his cousin Anne Monington. He married firstly Elizabeth Lawson (d.1791, aged 34) da. of Sir
John Lawson of Brough Hall, Yorks.
 John Joseph I Webbe-Weston (d.1840), son of John Webbe-Weston by Elizabeth Lawson. He
married in 1811 Caroline Graham.
 Capt. John Joseph II Webbe-Weston (d.1849), only son of John Joseph I. He died in action on
the Danube. In 1847 he married Lady Horatia Waldegrave, da. of John Waldegrave, 6th Earl
Waldegrave. On her 2nd marriage to John Wardlaw the Weston estates passed as a life
interest to Thomas Monington Webbe-Weston (d.1857) her 1st husband's uncle.
 Thomas Monington Webbe-Weston (d.1857), 2nd son of John Webbe-Weston, last of that
name. He married Mary Wright and died without issue.
1857–1904: Salvin[edit]

Arms of Salvin of Croxdale Hall, Durham: Argent, on a chief sable two mullets or[35]

 Francis Henry Salvin (d.1904), of Croxdale Hall, Co. Durham. He was the residuary legatee of
the will of Capt. John Joseph II Webbe-Weston. He was a grandson of John Webbe-Weston, his
mother having been Anna Maria Webbe-Weston, who in 1800 married William Thomas Salvin
of Croxdale, a member of a Catholic family prominent in Yorkshire and County Durham.[36] He
lived at the relatively modest Whitmoor House in nearby Woking. He was an authority
on falconry, and wrote, with William Brodrick, Falconry in the British Isles (1855). He kept pet
otters and a pet pig named "Lady Susan" at his home in Woking and was something of a
practical joker using his pig as an accomplice. He inherited Sutton Place in 1857, but not with
free-possession as, in 1855, it was tenanted by Charles LeFevre, who was followed by a
tenancy to Caledon Alexander.[37] In 1874, Salvin leased Sutton Place to the stockbroker
Frederick I Harrison (d.1881), from whom it passed to his son Sidney Harrison. One of his
younger sons was Frederic Harrison, the historian, who wrote the definitive history of Sutton
Place. The Harrison family spent much care and money on preserving the house.[38] From 1900
the tenant was Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (d.1922)[39]
1904–18: Witham[edit]
On the death of Francis Salvin in 1904, the estate passed to his niece's son Philip Witham, a solicitor,
who died in 1921. Witham was born in 1842, 4th son of Sir Charles Witham Knt., a Captain in the
Royal Navy, by Jane, daughter of John Hoy, of Stoke Priory. He was the grandson of William
Witham and Dorothy Langdale. He was educated at Mount St Mary's and abroad and admitted a
Solicitor in 1866. He became head of the firm of Messrs Witham, Roskell, Munster and Weld. He
served as a member of the Cardinal Vaughan Memorial Committee in 1904. He married, in 1878,
Louisa Salvin, da. of Marmaduke Salvin of Burn Hall, Durham, and niece of Captain Francis H.
Salvin.[40] Witham had never held vacant possession of Sutton Place and sold it on the expiry of the
Northcliffe tenancy in 1918. His wife Louise lived on until 1945. In July 1945, the voluminous
Weston family estate papers were presented to Surrey Archives by Mrs D Wolseley of Guildford.[41]
Weston Chapel, Holy Trinity Church, Guildford[edit]
The "Weston Chapel" stands attached to the south side of Holy Trinity Church, Guildford. Its
external walls are of a decorative chequerboard pattern of flint and freestone squares. It was built
c.1540 by Richard Weston (1465–1541) of nearby Sutton Place, primarily as his intended burial
place, as his will, dated 15 May 1541,[42] directs that his body be:
"buryed in the P'yshe Churche of the Holy Trinitye with in the Town of Guldforde in a Chapell
which I have caused to be made for the same iyntent" [43]
The Chantry established and funded by Weston is listed in the "Survey of Chantry Lands, Surrey"
made between 1546 and 1548 as part of the administering of the Dissolution of the Monasteries as
being:
"For the mayneteyninge of one priest and one yerely obite for the terme of xx ti (i.e.20) yeares
begyninge the xx th day of June in the xxxii yere (1541) of the reigne of our late sovereign lorde
Kinge Henry the eight. The incumbent whereof is Anthony Cawsey clerke of the age of l (i.e.50)
yeres...which said chauntrey and obite are worth lands and tenements by the yere x li (i.e. £20)
whereof to the pore xxvii s iiii d. (i.e. 27 shillings & 4 pence) and so remayneth clere viii li iiii d (i.e.
£8 4d) plate parcel gilt viii oz di. Qrt. xlii s iii d Ornamentes x li."[43]
The Weston family maintained their Catholic faith throughout the Reformation and beyond, which
was a great sacrifice for them as it prevented them from holding public office and brought much
suspicion on them from government officials throughout the ages. The freehold of the Weston
Chapel was retained by descendants of the Weston family until 2005, when the trustees of the
Weston Estate granted it to the main Protestant Church of Holy Trinity, to which it has been
physically attached since 1763. Part of the arrangement was that a Catholic mass be held in the
Chapel at least annually. There are three surviving Weston monuments in the chapel. Two are wall
tablets, the earliest of which commemorates Melior Mary Weston (d.1782) of Sutton Place, the last
direct descendant of the founder and only child and sole heiress of John II Weston (d.1730) and
Elizabeth Gage, sister of Thomas Gage, 1st Viscount Gage. The tablet was erected by her grateful
distant Catholic cousin John Webbe-Weston (d.1823) to whom she bequeathed all her estates,
including Sutton Place. The other tablet is for Elizabeth Lawson, who died in 1791, aged 34, first
wife of John Webbe-Weston.[44] The other Weston Monument, which once stood in the centre of the
Weston Chapel but now stands in the west porch of the main church, is the chest tomb of Anne
Pickering (d.1582), wife of Sir Francis Weston the only son of the founder who was executed in
1536, aged only 25, for supposed adultery with Queen Anne Boleyn. Although she remarried, she
expressed the wish in her will to be buried near her first father-in-law.[45] Francis, having been
beheaded in the Tower of London, was buried in an unmarked tomb within the precincts of the
Tower. The effigy is of a recumbent woman wearing a ruffand lies on a chest tomb sculpted with
skulls showing behind a grille.
1918–present[edit]

East Lodge gates, Sutton Place, on north side of A3 road

 George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland (d. 1963). [n 2] He modernised the


interior.
 J. Paul Getty, who purchased the estate in 1959, was then, or shortly thereafter, the world's
richest private citizen. His choice of Sutton Place for his principal residence made the property
well known. He adopted a very low personal profile locally being occasionally seen by Sutton
Green villagers driving through in a very old model Cadillac coupé. For the 2017 film All the
Money in the World, about the kidnapping of Getty's grandson John Paul Getty III, scenes set at
Sutton Place were filmed at Hatfield House.
 Stanley J. Seeger. Sutton Place was sold in 1980, after Getty's death in 1976, by his Getty
Oil Corporation, for £8 million, to a company owned by Stanley J. Seeger who established the
Sutton Place Heritage Trust to maintain the property. He was an American heir to a family
fortune from lumber, petroleum, and other sources, who had begun collecting art whilst a
student at Princeton University.[46] He was noted as a patron of arts and educational charities
and endowed a chair of Hellenic studies at Princeton. He is never known to have given an
interview. He redecorated Sutton Place and hung some of his finest modern paintings there
including a Bacon triptych. In the early 1980's He commissioned Landscape Architect Sir
Geoffrey Jellicoe to relandscape the park and gardens. Although Seeger stated he spent almost
£1m a year on maintaining the house, he rarely lived there.[47]
 Frederick R. Koch. After 10 years, Seeger sold it to another American art collector, Frederick R.
Koch, who set up the Sutton Place Foundation, and in his turn redecorated the house and used
it to display his own art collection to the public. According to The Guardian he is said never to
have spent a night under its roof and to have sold it for £32m in 1999.[47] In January 2003, it
was offered for sale at £25m.[48] The estate at that time comprised 21 properties, including the
18-bedroom Lady Grove Farmhouse.[49]
 Alisher Usmanov, a Russian businessman, is the present owner.[citation needed] Some of the
properties with part of the estate land have now been sold. Lady Grove Farmhouse has been
redeveloped into luxury housing. The interiors of Sutton Place House underwent extensive
renovation and improvements for its new owner from 2007 to 2009.[50]

Portraits of owners[edit]

Portrait of Sir Richard III Weston (d. 1652), attributed to Cornelius de Neve, c.1630

Portrait of John II Weston (d. 1730), by Jonathan Richardson


Portrait of Melior Mary Weston (d. 1782), by Jonathan Richardson. This painting hung at Sutton Place in
1893, described by Harrison as "in the style of Kneller".

Thomas Webbe (d. 1780), linen draper of Covent Garden, father of John Webbe-Weston. Portrait by
circle of Joseph Highmore(1692–1780). This portrait was hanging at Sutton Place in 1893.

Portrait of Anne Tancred, wife of Thomas Webbe & mother of John Webbe-Weston. By circle of Joseph
Highmore(1692–1780). This portrait was hanging at Sutton Place in 1893.

Portrait of John Webbe-Weston (d. 1823), pastel by John Russell, a painter born in nearby Guildford in
1745. This portrait hung at Sutton Place in 1893.

Portrait of Capt. John Joseph II Webbe-Weston (killed in action 1849). By circle of Michael Angelo
Hayes

St Edward the Confessor Church[edit]

Church entrance

Within the grounds of Sutton Place is St Edward the Confessor Church. It is a Roman
Catholic Parish church. It was built in 1875 in the early English Gothic style and is a Grade II listed
building.[51]
The architect was Charles Alban Buckler. He was the son of John Chessell Buckler and is buried in
the cemetery that surrounds the church. He also designed the Church of St Thomas of Canterbury
and English Martyrs in St Leonards-on-Sea, St Peter's Church in Shoreham-by-Sea, St Francis of
Assisi's Church in Midhurst, St Richard's Church in Slindon, most of St Dominic's Priory
Church in Haverstock Hill, and parts of Arundel Castle.[52]
The church was opened on 27 September 1876. In 1911, the parish priest was Arthur Hinsley (who
later became the Archbishop of Westminster and a cardinal). While he was priest, the reredos, which
was designed by Frederick Walters and had glass by Hugh Ray Easton, was added to the church.
Around that time, windows designed by Franz Mayer & Co. and Hardman & Co. were also installed.
On 31 May 1950, the church was consecrated by the Bishop of Southwark, Cyril Cowderoy.[52]

Notes and references[edit]


Notes

1. Jump up^ Sutton Place is in the borough of Woking and the ecclesiastical
parish of Burpham – Burpham Church of the Holy Spirit
2. Jump up^ He was the first person unrelated to the Weston family to own Sutton Place since its
building c. 1525, having purchased it in 1918 from Philip Witham.
References

1. Jump up^ Harrison, F.(1893) estimates after much research 1523-25 and must be taken as most
reliable; Manning, vol. 1, p. 136, gives 1529-30; Aubrey, History of Surrey, 1673, vol.3, p. 228, gives
1521
2. Jump up^ Guinness Book of Records, 1966, p. 229
3. Jump up^ Bindoff, S.T. (ed.), History of Parliament: House of Commons 1509-1558, vol 3, Weston,
Sir Richard, pp. 590-2
Jump up^ Harrison, preface vii Layer Marney Tower
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Layer Marney Tower Gatehouse, the tallest Tudor gatehouse in Britain

From the side

Layer Marney Tower is a Tudor palace, composed of buildings, gardens and parkland,
dating from 1520 situated in Layer Marney, Colchester, Essex, England. The building was
designated Grade I listed in 1952.

History[edit]
Constructed in the first half of the reign of Henry VIII, Layer Marney Tower is in many ways
the apotheosis of the Tudor gatehouse, and is the tallest example in Britain. It is
contemporaneous with East Barsham Manor and Sutton Place, Surrey, with which latter
building it shares the rare combination of brick and terracotta construction.[1] The building is
principally the creation of Henry 1st Lord Marney, who died in 1523, and his son John, who
continued the building work but died just two years later, leaving no male heirs to continue
the family line or the construction. What was completed was the main range measuring
some three hundred feet long, the principal gatehouse that is about eighty feet tall, an array
of outbuildings, and a new church.
The buildings suffered considerable damage from the Great English earthquake of 1884,
and a subsequent report in The Builder magazine described the state of the house as such
that ‘the outlay needed to restore the towers to anything like a sound and habitable
condition would be so large that the chance of the work ever being done appears remote
indeed’. Fortunately the repairs were begun, by brother and sister Alfred and Kezia
Peache, who re-floored and re-roofed the gatehouse, as well as creating the garden to the
south of the Tower.
The next owner was Walter de Zoete who carried on and expanded the work, with a team
of 13 domestic and 16 outside staff. He enlarged the gardens, built a folly known as the
Tea House (converted to a self-catering holiday cottage in 1999), and converted the stables
into a Long Gallery where he housed his collection of furniture, paintings and objets d’arts.
As a consequence of all this work it would be fair to say that the interior owes more to
the Edwardian aesthetic of Walter de Zoete than to the Marneys.
Walter de Zoete lost money in the Japanese stock market crash, and sold the house to a
Dr and Mrs Campbell. The house came to the present owners, the Charringtons, in 1959.
Gerald and Susan Charrington had been married in Layer Marney church in 1957; two
years later Mrs Campbell’s executors put the house up for sale and the Charringtons
purchased it. It has been occupied by the Charrington family ever since.
The gardens are listed as Grade II on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens
of Special Historic Interest in England,[2] while the building itself was designated Grade I in
1952.[3]
In 2012 the tower and gardens are open to the public from 1 April to 30 September for a
small admission fee. The tower is also available for wedding ceremonies and receptions, as
well as conferences. It has proved popular as a media location. Films and television
programs which feature shots of Layer Marney Tower include Preaching to the
Perverted, Pasolini's Canterbury Tales, and Lovejoy. In December 2011 the tower was the
venue for BBC1's Antiques Roadshow.[4]

Burghley House
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Burghley House

The façade of Burghley House


Location within Cambridgeshire

General information

Architectural style Elizabethan

www.burghley.co.uk

Town or city Peterborough

Country England

Coordinates 52.642393°N 0.452585°W

Construction started 1558–1587

Client William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

Technical details

Structural system Ashlar limestone

Burghley House (/ˈbɜːrli/[1]) is a grand sixteenth-century country house in the civil


parishes of St Martin's Without and Barnack in the Peterborough unitary authority of
the English county of Cambridgeshire, but adjoining Stamford in Lincolnshire. It is a leading
example of the Elizabethan prodigy house, built by and still lived in by the Cecil family. Its
park was laid out by Capability Brown.[2] The exterior very largely retains its Elizabethan
appearance, but most of the interiors date from remodellings before 1800. The house is
open to the public and displays a circuit of grand and richly furnished state apartments.
The house is on the boundary of Barnack and St Martin's Without, within the boundary of
the City of Peterborough in the county of Cambridgeshire; it was formerly part of the Soke
of Peterborough, an historic area that was traditionally associated with Northamptonshire. It
lies 0.9 miles (1.4 km) south of Stamford and 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Peterborough
city centre.
The house is now run by the Burghley House Preservation Trust, which is controlled by the
Cecil family.

Contents
[hide]

 1History
 2Art collection
 3Parkland
 4Today
 5Filming
 6Lost village
 7See also
 8Notes
 9References
 10Further reading
 11Video clips
 12External links

History[edit]

Lord Burghley was the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign.

Burghley was built for Sir William Cecil, later 1st Baron Burghley, who was Lord High
Treasurer to Queen Elizabeth I of England, between 1558 and 1587, and modelled on the
privy lodgings of Richmond Palace.[3][4][5] It was subsequently the residence of his
descendants, the Earls, and since 1801, the Marquesses of Exeter. Since 1961, it has been
owned by a charitable trust established by the family.[5][6]
Lady Victoria Leatham, antiques expert and television personality, followed her father,
Olympic gold-medal winning hurdler and runner, IAAF President and MP, David Cecil, the
6th Marquess, by running the house from 1982 to 2007. The Olympic corridor
commemorates her father.[7] Her daughter, Miranda Rock, is now the most active live-in
trustee.[6][8] However, the Marquessate passed it in 1988 to Victoria's uncle, Martin Cecil, 7th
Marquess of Exeter, and then to his son, William Michael Anthony Cecil, both Canadian
ranchers on land originally bought by the 5th Marquess, who have not resided at
Burghley.[9]
The house is one of the main examples of stonemasonry and proportion in sixteenth-
century English Elizabethan architecture, reflecting the prominence of its founder, and the
lucrative wool trade of the Cecil estates. It has a suite of rooms remodelled in the baroque
style, with carvings by Grinling Gibbons.[3] The main part of the house has 35 major rooms,
on the ground and first floors. There are more than 80 lesser rooms and numerous halls,
corridors, bathrooms, and service areas.[5][10][11][12]
In the seventeenth century, the open loggias around the ground floor were enclosed.
Although the house was built in the floor plan shape of the Letter E, in honour of Queen
Elizabeth, it is now missing its north-west wing. During the period of the 9th Earl's
ownership, and under the guidance of the famous landscaper, Capability Brown, the south
front was raised to alter the roof line, and the north-west wing was demolished to allow
better views of the new parkland.[3][5][10][12]
The so-called "Hell Staircase" has substantial ceiling paintings by Antonio Verrio, from
1697, and walls by Thomas Stothard, who completed the work about a century later.

Art collection[edit]

Susanna and the Elders, Artemisia Gentileschi, 1622

Although depleted of a number of important pieces by death duties in the 1960s, the
Burghley art collections are otherwise mainly intact and are very extensive. The house still
displays several hundred paintings, a large proportion of which are of the 17th century,
bought in Italy by John Cecil, 5th Earl of Exeter (c. 1648–1700), and the 9th Earl (1725–
1793). Both visited Italy more than once, bringing back large quantities of art. The Chapel
has a large altarpiece by Veronese and his workshop, and two large paintings by Johann
Carl Loth, a German painter active in Venice with few works in British collections. There are
in total seven works by Luca Giordano, including a self-portrait.[13]
In the Pagoda Room, there are portraits of the Cecil family, Elizabeth I, Henry VIII,
and Oliver Cromwell. Many delicately painted walls and ceilings of the house were done
by Antonio Verrio.[14] The Billiard Room displays six oval portraits of members of the Order
of Little Bedlam, the 5th Earl’s drinking club.[15]
There are a number of outstanding pieces of furniture and silver, and collections of
porcelain, much on display. A new "Treasury" space in the Brewhouse displays annually
changing exhibitions highlighting aspects of the collections.

Parkland[edit]
Burghley House from Jones's Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen (1829)

Part of the Grounds, lake and boathouse

The avenues in the park were all laid out by Capability Brown,[16] paying due respect to pre-
existing plantings, some of which were from the 16th century or earlier.[17] Brown also
created the park's man-made lake in 1775–80. He discovered a seam of waterproof "blue"
clay in the grounds, and was able to enlarge the original nine-acre (36,000 m²) pond to the
existing 26-acre (105,000 m²) lake. Its clever design gives the impression of a meandering
river. Brown also designed the Lion Bridge at a cost of 1,000 guineas (£1,050[nb 1][18]) in
1778. Originally, Coade-stone lions were used as ornamentation. After these weathered,
the existing stone examples were made by local mason Herbert Gilbert in 1844. Queen
Victoria and her husband Prince Albert also planted two trees to commemorate their visit.[19]
As well as the annual Burghley Horse Trials,[20] the park plays host to the "Burghley Run"
for Stamford School and an annual meet for the Cambridge University Draghounds.[21]
Recent developments have included starting a sculpture garden around the old ice house
and, in 2007, a "garden of surprises" was created using traditional ideas of water traps,
shell grottos and a mirror maze, but in a 21st-century style.[22] The Burghley House trust has
commissioned contemporary artwork in the grounds from leading artists.[23]
The parkland and gardens of Burghley House are listed Grade II* on the Register of
Historic Parks and Gardens.[24]

Langley Chapel
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Langley Chapel 2016


Langley Chapel interior

Langley Chapel is an Anglican church, built in 1601, located in a remote area (the parish
of Ruckley and Langley) approximately 1.5 miles to the south of Acton
Burnell, Shropshire, England.
It is now in the care of English Heritage, and is notable for having a complete set of original
17th-century wooden furniture, and its lack of a chancel, in line both with its small size and
Protestant attitudes to worship. It is one of the few new churches built in England in the
Elizabethan period. Despite being built at the start of the 17th century, the east
window tracery is in a simplified Gothic style, though the doorways are in plain vernacular
styles, one with a flat lintel and another round-headed.[1] The window on the north side is
also plain and rectangular. It is a Grade I listed building.[2]
Built on the site of an earlier medieval chapel, it provided worship for the nearby Langley
Hall, whose ruins are contained within a nearby private farm. The Chapel was built with
wooden box pews, a musicians desk and Communion table bench seats. It has no known
dedication.
The 19th century saw the disappearance of Langley Hall, followed by the loss of the local
population. The chapel became disused. In 1914, it became one of the first buildings to be
taken into the care of the state, the Ministry of Works as it was. The fact it was abandoned
meant it escaped modernisation and remains a rare time capsule of the 17th century.

4.