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Project: Job Ref:

ETTEH ARO AND PARTNERS Date: 07/2016


35, Lawrence Arokodare House Sheet No: 1
Oshuntokun Avenue Structure: Made by: O.S.A
Ibadan HELICOIDAL STAIR Checked by:

REF CALCULATIONS OUTPUT


STAIR TYPE: Helical Stair
3.10 Flight No: 1
PARAMETERS
Threads dimension = 380 mm OK Helix Height = 3 m
Risers dimension = 235 mm educe Height! Helix Width = 1200 mm
Riser Nos = 6 Waist thickness = 120 mm
Imposed Load = 3 kN/m² Finishes thickness = 0 mm
Total angle subtended = 240 0 Helix Constants (From Charts):
on plan by helix, β b/h = 10.0 NO
0
Angle of spiral tangent = 25 R 1 /R 2 = 1.06
to horizontal plane , Ø k1 = -0.12
Int. spiral radius, R i = 0.9 m k2 = 1.52
Ext. spiral radius, R o = 2.1 m k3 = -0.32
Assumption: Ends of helical stair are fixed / continuous with adjacent slab
Stair Comfortability Check (Supt. is away from stair steps)
Threads + 2 x Riser = 850 mm Adjust Step Dim.! (550mm < T+2R < 700mm)
Rad. of load centre line, R 1 = 1.58 m 0.85
Rad. of step centre line, R 2 = 1.5 m

LOADING
LC 1: Dead Load
Length of helical stair = 7.27 m
Perpendicular length to waist top = 199.87 mm
Average thickness of waist = 219.93 mm
Waist s/w = 0.220 x 24 = 5.28 kN/m²
Finishes = 0.000 x 22 = 0.00 kN/m²
Total Dead load = 5.3 kN/m²
LC 2: Imposed Load
BS 6399-1 Imposed Load (kN) = 3 kN/m²
Design Load at flight, n = 1.4 x 5.28 + 1.6 x 3.00 = 12.19 kN/m²
n = 14.63 kN/m

ANALYSIS
a. Midspan and support actions only:
Bending moment at midspan, M 0 = k 1 nR 2 2 3.94949 = -3.9 kNm
Bending moment at support, M vs = k 3 nR 2 2 10.532 = -10.5 kNm
Lateral Shear force across midspan, H = k 2 nR 2 33.3513 = 33.4 kN

10.53 kNm

31.66 kN
-3.9 kNm (Mv)

33.4 kN

10.53 kNm

31.66 kN
Project: Job Ref:
ETTEH ARO AND PARTNERS Date: 07/2016
35, Lawrence Arokodare House Sheet No: 2
Oshuntokun Avenue Structure: Made by: O.S.A
Ibadan HELICOIDAL STAIR Checked by:

REF CALCULATIONS OUTPUT


b. Detailed analysis:
At any pont 'x' along the helix,
0
Angle subtended on plan, β x = 60
0
Angle diff btw 'x' and mid, Ɵ x = 60

Vertical Moment, M v = M 0 CosƟ x + H.R 2 Ɵ x SinƟ x TanØ x - nR 1 2 (1-Co = 0.9 kNm


Norm. Shear,V n , normal to plan = n.R 1 Ɵ x CosØ x - HSinƟ x SinØ x = 9.7 kN

Lateral Moment, M n = M 0 SinƟ x .SinØ x - H.R 2 Ɵ x TanØ x CosƟ x SinØ x - H.R 2 SinƟ x CosØ x + nR 1 SinØ x (R 1 SinƟ x - R 2 Ɵ x )
= -47.9 kNm
Lateral Shear, V h , across plan = HCosƟx = 16.7 kN
Torsion, T = (M 0 SinƟ x - H.R 2 Ɵ x CosƟ x TanØ x + nR 1 2 SinƟ x - nR 1 R 2 Ɵ x )CosØ x + H.R 2 .SinƟ x SinØ x
= -0.10 kNm
Thrust, N, along helix = -HSinƟ x CosØ x - n.R 1 Ɵ x SinØ x = -36.4 kN

Table showing actions at every ####### Increment along the helicoidal stair

s/n βx Ɵx Mv Vn Mn Vh T N
(deg.) (deg.) (kNm) (kN) (kNm) (kN) (kNm) (kN)
Suppt 1 1 0.00 120.00 -10.49 31.66 -47.71 -16.68 0.21 -46.6
2 12.00 108.00 -4.76 26.08 -51.91 -10.31 1.27 -47.2
3 24.00 96.00 -1.05 21.08 -54.22 -3.49 1.44 -46.4
4 36.00 84.00 0.90 16.69 -54.39 3.49 1.08 -44.4
5 48.00 72.00 1.43 12.92 -52.27 10.31 0.49 -41
6 60.00 60.00 0.92 9.73 -47.85 16.68 -0.10 -36.4
7 72.00 48.00 -0.20 7.07 -41.27 22.32 -0.53 -30.6
8 84.00 36.00 -1.55 4.88 -32.78 26.98 -0.71 -23.9
9 96.00 24.00 -2.79 3.04 -22.75 30.47 -0.65 -16.4
10 108.00 12.00 -3.65 1.46 -11.65 32.62 -0.38 -8.33
Mid Span 11 120.00 0.00 -3.95 0.00 0 33.35 0.00 0.00
12 132.00 12.00 -3.65 1.46 -11.65 32.62 -0.38 -8.33
13 144.00 24.00 -2.79 3.04 -22.75 30.47 -0.65 -16.4
14 156.00 36.00 -1.55 4.88 -32.78 26.98 -0.71 -23.9
15 168.00 48.00 -0.20 7.07 -41.27 22.32 -0.53 -30.6
16 180.00 60.00 0.92 9.73 -47.85 16.68 -0.10 -36.4
17 192.00 72.00 1.43 12.92 -52.27 10.31 0.49 -41
18 204.00 84.00 0.90 16.69 -54.39 3.49 1.08 -44.4
19 216.00 96.00 -1.05 21.08 -54.22 -3.49 1.44 -46.4
20 228.00 108.00 -4.76 26.08 -51.91 -10.31 1.27 -47.2
Suppt 2 21 240.00 120.00 -10.49 31.66 -47.71 -16.68 0.21 -46.6
Mv Vn Mn Vh T N
Abs. Max. = 10.49 31.66 54.39 33.35 1.44 47.16
1.43 31.66 0.00 33.35 1.44 0.00
10.49 0.00 54.39 16.68 0.71 47.16