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Nama : Ristanti Maharani Fajrin

Kelas : 1B- D3
NIM : 1731410045
TUGAS MANDIRI ATK-2
No.3.91
 Sufficient oxygen at 21℃ ad 100 kPa absolute with 80% Absolute Saturation of water
vapor is supplied to react with sewage to reduce the concentration of biological material
tol below the quaality control limits. Calculate the following for the supplied gas :
a) The molal saturation
b) Saturation
c) Relative saturation
d) Dew point

 D1 : PH O
a) Molal Saturation = P total−2P H
2O
T = 21℃ – P*H2 O = 2,485 kPa 2,0011 𝑘𝑃𝑎
=
100 𝑘𝑃𝑎− 2,0011𝑘𝑃𝑎
P total = 100 kPa
2,0011𝑘𝑃𝑎
Absolute Saruration = 80% = 97,9989𝑘𝑃𝑎
 D3 :
= 0,0204
(RS)(P total−P H2 O∗ )100
%Abs.Saturation = (P total− P H2 O)

(P H2 O)(P total−P H2 O∗ )100 P H2 O X Mr H2 O


= b) Saturation =
(P H2 O∗ )(P total− P H2 O) P O2 X Mr O2

(P H2 O) (100−2,484) 100 2,0011 X 18


80 = = 97,9989 X 32
(2,485)(100− P H2 O)
36,0198
(97,516 P H2 O)100 = 3.135,9648
80 = (248,5 − 2,485 P H2 O)
H2 O
80 (248,5 - 2,285 P H2 O) = 97,516 P H2 O (100) = 0,011 O2

19.880 - 182,8 P H2 O = 9751,6 P H2 O

19.880 = 9751,6 P H2 O + 182,8 P H2 O

19.880 = 9.934,4 P H2 O

P H2 O = 2,0011 kPa
P H2 O
 c) RH =
P H2 O ∗
2,0011kPa
= 2,485 kPa
= 0,8052 kPa

 d) Dew Point = RH 100%


PH O
RH = P H 2O∗ X 100%
2

PH O
100% = P H 2O∗ X 100%
2

P H2 O = P H2 O∗

P H2 O = 2,485 kPa

Berdasarkan Steam Table pada P = 2,485 kPa

Dew point = 21℃


No 3.93
 Ether at a temperature of 20℃ exerts a vapor pressure of 442 mmHg calculate the
composition of a saturated mixture of nitrogen and ethyl ether vapor at 20℃ and 745
mmHg and express the same in the following form :
Calculate :
a. Percentage composition by volume
b. Composition by weight
c. lb of vapor ft3 of mixture
d. lb of vapor/ lb of vapor free gas
e. lb moles of vapor / lb mole of vapor free gas

D1 : T (ether) = 20℃
P (vapor ether) = 442 mmHg
T (campuran) = 20℃
P (campuran) = 745 mmHg

a) Percentage composition by volume

Basis = 1 ft3 campuran gas


P.etil eter X 1
 Persentase Etyl Ether = P.campuran X 100%

442𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔 X 1ft3
= X 100%
745𝑚𝑚𝐻𝑔

= 0,593 ft3 X 100%

= 59,3% (volume)

 Persentase N2 = 1 - % Etil ether

= 1- 0,593 ft3

= 0,407 x 100%

= 40,7%
b) Composition by weight

Basis = 1 lbmol
 Etyl Ether : Mr = 74
n = 0,593 lbmol
m = n x Mr
= 0,593 lb x 74
=43,882 lb
 Nitrogen : Mr = 28
n = 0,407 lbmol
m = n x Mr
= 0,407 lb X 28
= 11,396 lb

 Keadaan Standar
Po = 760 mmhg = 14,69 psia
To =32 + 460 =492R
Vo= 359 ft3
Diketahui :
P1 = 745 mmhg = 14,40 Psia
9
T1 = 20℃ = 5 X 20 + 32℉

= 36 + 32 = 68℉
= 68 + 460 = 528°R
Ditanya :
V1 = ?
Po X Vo P1 X V1
lb of vapor ft3 of mixture = =
To T1
14,69 psia X 359 ft3 14,40 psia X V1
=
492°R 528°R

=5273,71 x 528 = 492 x 14,40 V1


2.784.518,88 = 7084,8 V1
2.784.518,88
V1 = 7084,8

V1 (volum gas campuran) = 393,02 ft3

d) lb of vapor/ lb of vapor free gas :


lb of vapor m.vapor Ether
= lb of vapor free gas= m.free gas 𝑁2

43,882 𝑙𝑏
= 11,396 𝑙𝑏

=3,8506

e) lb mole of vapor/ lb mole of vapor free gas :


lb mole of vapor lb mole of vapor Ether
= =
llb mole of vapor free gass lb mole of vapor free gas 𝑁2

0,593 𝑙𝑏 𝑚𝑜𝑙
= 0,407 𝑙𝑏 𝑚𝑜𝑙

=1,457