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Research Log #1

Date: September 15, 2017


Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How does it affect our mindsets?
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: # 1: What are gender roles ?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):

“Adolescence is the time of life when an individual needs to figure out who he or she is and what his or
her role in society is going to be” Michael K. Meyerhoff states about the importance of your development
during the adolescence period. .

A phenomenon that Michael K. Meyerhoff mentions is called ““Gender crossover.” It is very common
that in middle age, after the kids and grown and have gone, men become more expressive and nurturing
while women become more independent and assertive”

If we want gender roles to decrease or even diminish Michael K. Meyerhoff believes that “For every
ounce of expectation that we give to girls to have a successful career, we must give an equal ounce to
boys to have a happy home and family.”

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):

Reading this article supports my first point to prove which states, what are gender roles? This
article which is titled Gender Roles for a New Generation talks about how we, as men and women, are
influenced by society and those around us to follow certain requirements based on our gender. He goes on
and talks about how men, from many many years ago, were raised to go out and get jobs and be the sole
provider for the family while the women stay home, cooks, cleans and takes care of the children. He
mentions that because of these gender stereotypes, the gender wage gap may have been created and how it
is gradually being fixed to give men and women equal pay. He believes that the only way to end gender
stereotyping, which I completely agree with, is to not only assume the men can be the providers of the
family but also support them to be nurturing and be more involved in family life. While at the same time
we should also push for women to be out in the workforce doing any jobs they desire to help provide for
the family and not only focus on the cooking and cleaning.
Work Cited (correct MLA format):

Meyerhoff, Michael K. "Gender Roles for a New Generation." Pediatrics for Parents, vol. 27, no. 7/8, Jul/Aug
2011, pp. 8-10. EBSCOhost,
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hxh&AN=70217584&site=ehost-live.

I am assuming that this is a reputable and reliable article seeing as it was provided on the ebsco host page
in which maryknoll school has provided for us, as well as the fact that it was written by Michael K.
Meyerhoff who is a doctor of education.

Research Log #2
Date: September 25, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How does gender roles affect our everyday lives?
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: # 2: How does gender roles affect our day to day lives?
Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):

“Therefore, past gender roles should not apply anymore because both sexes are now equally capable for
contributing to society.” I agree with her statement seeing as the gender roles today are changing.

Joy Nash refers to the bible to support her claims on gender roles:“The Bible also specifies the authority
of men over their wife (of wives) and daughters. For instance, when Eve eats the fruit from the Tree of
Knowledge of Good and Evil in the book of Genesis. Her first sin was stated not to be eating the fruit, but
was leaving the area of Adam’s authority.”

“Sex is anatomical, while gender is social and psychological” she mentions on the difference of sex and
gender.

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):

In this article Joy Nash writes about gender roles and how they can be influenced and avoided. It also
talks about how gender roles are lead by the expectations of society and their ideas of a person who has
the genitalia of a man of woman. She also goes on to talk about how some of the things that are relating to
gender roles, the socials pressures and ideals are not like they once were. Another point that the article
makes is how gender roles and stereotypes can bring people down and make them feel different and
uncomfortable because of situations and pressures that they would have to fit in or under.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):

“Gender Roles in Modern Society.” Gender Roles in Modern Society | One World Education,
Inc., www.oneworldeducation.org/gender-roles-modern-society. Accessed 26 Sept.
2017.

Research Log #3

Date: September 15, 2017


Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big role in people's day to day
lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: # 1: What are gender roles ?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):

“Adolescence is the time of life when an individual needs to figure out who he or she is and what his or
her role in society is going to be” Michael K. Meyerhoff states.

A phenomenon that Michael K. Meyerhoff mentions is called ““Gender crossover.” It is very common
that in middle age, after the kids and grown and have gone, men become more expressive and nurturing
while women become more independent and assertive”

If we want gender roles to decrease or even diminish Michael K. Meyerhoff believes that “For every
ounce of expectation that we give to girls to have a successful career, we must give an equal ounce to
boys to have a happy home and family.”

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):

Reading this article supports my first point to prove which states, what are gender roles? This
article which is titled Gender Roles for a New Generation talks about how we, as men and women, are
influenced by society and those around us to follow certain requirements based on our gender. He goes on
and talks about how men, from many many years ago, were raised to go out and get jobs and be the sole
provider for the family while the women stay home, cooks, cleans and takes care of the children. He
mentions that because of these gender stereotypes, the gender wage gap may have been created and how it
is gradually being fixed to give men and women equal pay. He believes that the only way to end gender
stereotyping, which I completely agree with, is to not only assume the men can be the providers of the
family but also support them to be nurturing and be more involved in family life. While at the same time
we should also push for women to be out in the workforce doing any jobs they desire to help provide for
the family and not only focus on the cooking and cleaning.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):


"Never Stereotype Jobs Based on Gender Roles." HR Specialist: California Employment Law, vol. 8, no.
9, Sept. 2014, pp. 1-2. EBSCOhost,
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=b9h&AN=97541383&site=ehost-live.

Research Log #4
Date: December 24,, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?
Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?
#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big
role in people's day to day lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):

Something that i found throughout the previous articles as well as this one revolves around “Boys
are told from a young age to go outside and have adventures, while girls are encouraged to stay
home and do chores.

Belinda Luscombe states, “What starts as “protection” can become an expectation that girls should
accede to the demands of others rather than making their own choices.

A theory that Belinda Luscombe believes is “some programs redressing gender imbalance that are
targeted at 15-year-olds might actually be more useful for a younger age group.

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):

This source supports the point to prove by clearly stating that gender role issues are found
all over the world. Something that i learned from this article was that even as ten year olds which
is fifth graders are already placing themselves into boxes that can restrict them, or in this article,
they can act ‘gender straitjackets’. This article does support my point to prove but it is also very
similar to the previous articles I have read. It talks openly about how to world is expanding for
boys and continues to shrink for girls and how the impact of this starts way earlier than most
assume.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):

LUSCOMBE , BELINDA . “Gender Stereotypes: Kids Believe Them By Age


10.” Time, Time, 20 Sept. 2017, time.com/4948607/gender-stereotypes-roles/.

Research Log #5
Date: December 24,, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?
Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?
#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big
role in people's day to day lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: How do gender roles play a big role in people’s day to day
lives?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):


Megan Sullivan and Kelly Mcneely-Nutting both agree that “Stereotypes are being questioned by
our increasingly-awake youth. We know that gender is a socially constructed idea; part of our
culture us finding comfort in the norms that help us interact with one another and that help to
define how we understand out roles.”

Something that I completely agree with is the statement made on page 39, it states, “These
stereotypes around gender are ingrained in us and are such a part if the dominant cultural
narrative, but not everyone fits into these boxes is perfectly ir neartly”

“What if you don't identify with the gender you were assigned at birth? What if you do not fit into
the binary gender system? What if your sexual orientation does not align with the
heteronormative picture continually shown in media, stories, and curriculum?” This statement
that was made in this article really made it stand out from the rest because it questioned the
outliers that didn't fit into any normal box.

The sad truth that was stated by Megan Sullivan and Kelly Mcneely-Nutting, “Yet the fact
remains that these stereotypes are dominant, consistent and limiting, and we keep supporting
them. Why are we not more upset when the diversity that makes humanity so beautiful is rarely
shown?

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):


This article is not only my favorite that I have read so far but it has the most unique information
that I have not seen in other articles I have found. The article asks questions that have not been asked
many of which revolving about my points to prove. It mentions that ‘normal’ people have to fit into these
certain boxes that the majority of us can't fit into perfectly. It taught me about different things about how
gender roles are socially constructed within a culture.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):

SULLIVAN, MEGAN and KELLY MCNEELY-NUTTING. "Naming Gender Laming."


LILIPOH, vol. 19, no. 75, Spring 2014, pp. 38-40. EBSCOhost,
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=95470072&site=ehost-live.
Research Log #6
Date: December 24,, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big
role in people's day to day lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):


Nair states, “The development of gender role research has evolved through the 1960’s and 1970’s
theoretically.” I don't really agree with this seeing as though there seemed to be gender roles in
the hunter-gatherer days and probably far before that.

“Gender roles are determinants of a societal division of labor, which categorizes men and
women.” is something that I really agree with.

I think that what Shanti is saying when she mentions that “Over the years, the gender role
disparity has evolved into a more negotiable paradigm” is that gender roles has now become
something that is evolving from what it once was, although, it is not anywhere near diminishing.

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):


This article answers my points to prove by mentioning the struggles and hardship that women
have to face in their day to day lives and the mental and emotional effects it may cause. They talked about
how a man should be the one providing for the family while to women are meant to stay home, take care
of the children, cook, clean, etc. It then goes on to talk about worldwide events that are happening
revolving around or involving gender roles and how they affect women around the world and what is
being done.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):

Nair, Shanti K. "Gender Imbalance." Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (1947-2900), vol. 6,


no. 3, Fall 2014, pp. 67-72. EBSCOhost,
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=110544095&site=ehost-live.

Research Log #7
Date: December 24,, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big
role in people's day to day lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):


Kelly Baker mentions that “Sexism appears forever present, threatening and frankly, exhausting.
Sexism isn’t really going anywhere…”

In this article Baker mentions something about a survey,“The division is also remarkably
gendered. Sixty-three percent of the women surveyed said that women continue to face obstacles,
while 56% of men surveyed said that the obstacles women face are not missing”

Something that i think is very understandable is that “the “gender divide” was fairly consistent
over all age groups.

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):


This article supports my point to prove because it talks about how gender roles and stereotypes
that the different genders face are still present in today's society. The article mentions something about a
survey that both men and women took to determine whether they thought that gender barriers and
obstacles are still present in today's society with all of the “improvements” that have been announced
through the media. No shocker really, more than half of the men who were surveyed thought that the
obstacles that woman face on the daily don’t exist anymore. I think this article brought in a unique take by
using not only a handful of women's views but incorporated men as well.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):

Baker, Kelly J. "Sexism Is Not Over: Two New Reports on Gender


Discrimination." Women in Higher Education (10608303), vol. 25, no. 10, Oct.
2016, p. 18. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1002/whe.20366.

Research Log #8
Date: December 24,, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big
role in people's day to day lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?

Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):


Rita M. Gross makes some very interesting points in her writing one of them being “that all
feminism has gotten us is that now women can be “men” too, can do just about everything that
was once defined as the male gender role.”

I think my favorite quote that I have read so far would be “I contend that most of the unnecessary
suffering in human life, the suffering due to clinging, aggression, and bewilderment rather to
birth, aging, sickness, and death, is due to the prison of gender role, which is why freedom from
that prision, not new reformed gender roles, is what we need.”

Rita mentions another powerful quote, “the problem with the traditional female gender role are
not the tasks assigned to it, which must be done, or the psychological traits associated with it,
which are emotionally healthy, but the rigid was in which tasks and traits that were assigned to
women alone, at the same tie as women are confined by only those tasks and traits”

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):


After reading this there is a toss up between this being my favorite article or the other one that i
analyzed earlier. This article supports my point to prove because it mentions situations that I have never
even thought about before, it talks about the 1900’s when the unequal rights movement was supposedly
‘fixed’ or at least improved upon a little. They also compare gender injustice and gender oppression to
other major social issues like economic and racial issues as well as environmental issues that all take top
priorities in our minds. It also talks about the difference of masculinity and femininity.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):

Gross, Rita M. "What Went Wrong? Feminism and Freedom from the Prison of Gender Roles." Cross Currents, vol.
53, no. 1, Spring 2003, p. 8.

Research Log #9
Date: December 24,, 2017
Name: Harmoni Brennan
EQ: How do societies influences affect things such as gender roles, mindsets, and stereotypes?

Three Points to Prove: #1: What are gender roles?


#2: How do gender roles and stereotypes play a big
role in people's day to day lives.
#3: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
___________
Point that this Source/Information Proves: How does the societal norms influence stereotypes?
Excerpts (These should provide insight into the Point to Prove):
This article provides information such as: “Gender roles in society means how we’re
expected to act, speak, dress, groom, and conduct ourselves based upon our assigned
sex.”

It doesn't only over gender roles but stereotypes as well, “A stereotype is a widely
accepted judgment or bias about a person or group — even though it’s overly simplified
and not always accurate. “

Analysis (How does this source support the Point to Prove?):


In this article it clearly explained exactly one of my points to prove about what are gender roles.
It explains what gender roles are in a way that is very easy to understand and it also provides useful and
helpful information instead of sugar coating things or dragging it out into a long story. This article helped
me understand simple things that i still didn’t fully understand.

Work Cited (correct MLA format):


Parenthood, P. (n.d.). Gender Identity & Roles | Feminine Traits & Stereotypes.
Retrieved January 10, 2018, from
https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/sexual-orientation-gender/gender-
gender-identity/what-are-gender-roles-and-stereotypes

I think this is a trustworthy article because it is a company/incorporation that


helps thousands of people around the america and many people go to them for
advice and or medical help.