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 Made Date Sheet MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 0 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Calculations Radius of centreline of loading =R 1 =2/3{(Ro 3 -Ri 3 )/(Ro 2 -Ri 2 )} = 6.58547 m Radius of centreline of steps = R 2 =(Ri+Ro)/2 = 6.537 m k2 = F9-(F9-F16)/0.1(R1/R2-1) 0.64969 k1 = F19-(F19-F22)/0.1(R1/R2-1) 0.03671 k3 = F27-(F27-F32)/0.1(R2/R1-1) -0.1386 Bending moment at midspan "Mo" = k1wuR 2 2 = 61.0551 kNm Horizontal thrust at midspan = "H" = k2wuR 2 = 165.286 kn Vertical moment at support "Mvs" = k3wuR 2 2 -230.5 kNm Positive vertical moment "Mvp" at θ = α/3 = Mvp =MoCos θ+HR 2 πθ/180 tanΦ sinθ-wuR 1 2 (1-cosθ) = 44 -10.959 kNm Lateral moment "M l " at θ = 3α/8 = 49.5 M l = MoSinθSinΦ-HR 2 π/180tanΦCosθSinΦ-HR 2 CosΦSinθ+wuR 1 Sinθ-R 2 πθ/180) = -992.7 kNm Torsional Moment "T" at θ = 3α/8 = 49.5 T = (MoSinθ-HR 2 πθ/180CosθtanΦ+w u R 1 2 Sinθ-w u R 1 R 2 πθ/180)CosΦ+HR 2 SinθSinΦ= 31.4604 kNm Axial Thrust "N" at θ = 3α/8 = N = -HSinθCosΦ-w u R 1 πθ/180SinΦ = 49.5 -231.83 kN Vertical Shearforce "V v " at θ = α/2= V v = -HSinθSinΦ+w u R 1 πθ/180CosΦ = 66 150.093 kN Lateral Shearforce "V h " at θ = 0 V h = Hcosθ = 165.286 kN V u = 1.2sqrt(V v 2 +V h 2 ) = 267.919 kN Shear strength of concrete = Φ c V c = 0.75Sqrt(fc)B.d/6 = 358.348 kN ΦcVc > Vu O.K Vertical negative bending of flights Mu = 1.2*Mvs = -276.6 kNm 276.6 ω 0.076 ρ ### Ast1 = 3083 mm for full width
 Made Date Sheet MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 0 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Vertical positive bending of flights Mu = 1.2*Mvp = -13.151 kNm 13.1511 ω ### ρ ### ρ min ### use ρ min Asb1 = ### mm for full width Minimum steel = 0.0018.B.d = 872 mm for full width Asb1 = ### mm for full width Distribution,Temperature and Transverse Torsion Steel Temperature steel: 0.0018.B.d = 872 mm for full width Lateral bending of flight: Mu = 1.2*M l = 1191.24 kNm depth available = B-100 = ### mm width =h = 280 mm ω ### ρ ### Ast = 1745 mm 2 Torsion Design of Flight: Tu = 1.2*T Acp = Area enclosed by outside perimeter of concrete section or the gross area of the section 31.4604 kNm = B*h = 546000 mm 2 Pcp = Outside perimeter of concrete section = 2(B+h 4460 mm Torsional strength of concrete = ΦtT c = 0.75*0.083*sqrt(fc)*(A cp 2 /p cp ) = 24.6164 kNm ΦtTc > Tu Design Torsion reinforcement Cross section dimension check = 407376 mm 2 = 4204 mm
 Made Date Sheet MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 0 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR = 0.72 3.68 Cross section O.K A t /s = Tu/(фt*1.7*A oh *f y ) A t /s = 0.14421 mm 2 /mm/2 legs = 0.29 mm 2 /mm/2 legs minimum torsional reinforcement = 1.7 mm 2 /mm/2 legs = 1.63 mm 2 /mm/2 legs Hence minimum torsion reinforcement = 1.7 mm 2 /mm/2 legs dia of stirrups used14 mm using 2-legged stirrups required spacing = s = 181 mm c/c required Nos of closed stirrups 5.53 Provided Nos of closed stirrup 7
Date
Sheet
MKI
04/02/2019
Check
Date
Rev.
ZA
04/02/2019
0
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR
Design of Longitudinal Torsion reinforcement
A l
=
606 mm2
Minimum Longitudinal torsion reinforcement
=
0.813
-349
mm
2
Required torsion st 606
mm
2
Provided 2 bars at top edges of dia
20
Provided 2 bars at bottom edges of 20
Longitudinal torsion steel provi ###
mm
2
> required OK
Tension design of flights
Factored Tension = Nu = 1.2*N =
278.196
kN
Astn =Nu/(Φ t fy
736
mm
2
Astn to be provided on
368
mm
2
Total Top steel of flight
Ast-top = Ast1+Astn = 3819.38
mm
2
Required dia 20
Provided dia 20
mm
12
mm
13
Nos at top
Nos at top
As required =
As provided=
3819
mm
2
4082
mm
2
Total Bottom steel of flight
Asb =Asb1+Astn 1608 mm 2
Required dia
20
mm
5.12 Nos at bottom
As required =
As provided=
1608
mm
2
Provided dia 20
mm
13
Nos at bottom
4082
mm
2