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Made

Date

 

Sheet

MKI

04/02/2019

 

Check

Date

 

Rev.

ZA

04/02/2019

 

0

 
 
 

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

 

Geometrical Properties

 

Material Properties

 

Riser "R"

0.175

m

 

Weight of reinforced concrete "γ rc "

 
  • 24 kN/m 3

Tread "T"

 

m

  • 0.35 Strength of concrete "f "

c

   
  • 35 N/mm 2

width of steps and Landing"B"or b

w

 

m

  • 1.95 Strength of steel "f "

y

 

420

N/mm 2

Inner radius " Ri"

5.562

m

Clear cover to concrete

 

25

mm

Outer Radius "Ro" = Ri+B

7.512

m

Flexure strength reduction factor

 

0.9

 

Thickness of slab "h"

280

mm

Shear strength reduction factor

 

0.75

 

Eff. Depth "d"

248.5

 

Modulus of Elasticity of steel "Es"

200000

N/mm 2

Plan angle of the stair "α "

132

degrees

Modulus of Elasticity of concrete "Ec"

27806

N/mm 2

Vertical angle at the step

   

Modular Ratio "n = Es/Ec"

 

7.19

 

centreline with horizontal " Φ "

36

degrees

 

Reinforcement

 
 

Dia of top of bars

 

20

mm

Loading

 

Dia of bottom of bars

 

20

mm

Self Weight of slab

8.1984

kN/m 2

 

Dia of closed hoop bars as distributi

14

mm

Floor Finish

1

kN/m 2

 

weight of steps

2.1

kN/m 2

 

Required

Provided

Total dead Load "U dl "

  • 11.2984 kN/m 2

 

Nos

Spac

Nos

Spac

Live load

4

kN/m 2

 

Ast top full width

 
  • 12.16 160.31

13

150

Total service Load "tsl"

  • 15.2984 kN/m 2

 

Asb Bottom full width

 
  • 5.122 380.74

13

150

Total Ultimate Load "w"

19.95808

kN/m 2

Closed hoops per m

 
  • 5.534 180.69

7

143

Total Ultimate Load for full width"w

"

38.918256

kN/m2

Top steel "A st " mm 2

 

3819

 

4082

u

 

Bottom steel "A sb "mm2

   

1608

 

4082

2 legged Closed hoops st

 

1703

 

2154

Made Date MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Geometrical Properties Material
 
 

Made

Date

Sheet

 

MKI

04/02/2019

Check

Date

Rev.

ZA

04/02/2019

0

 
 
 

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

 

Calculations Radius of centreline of loading =R 1 =2/3{(Ro 3 -Ri 3 )/(Ro 2 -Ri 2 )} =

 

6.58547

m

Radius of centreline of steps = R 2 =(Ri+Ro)/2

 

=

6.537

m

k2 = F9-(F9-F16)/0.1(R1/R2-1)

 

0.64969

k1 = F19-(F19-F22)/0.1(R1/R2-1)

0.03671

k3 = F27-(F27-F32)/0.1(R2/R1-1)

-0.1386

Bending moment at midspan "Mo" = k1wuR 2 2 =

 

61.0551

kNm

Horizontal thrust at midspan = "H" = k2wuR 2 =

 

165.286

kn

Vertical moment at support "Mvs" = k3wuR 2

2

-230.5

kNm

Positive vertical moment "Mvp" at θ = α/3 = Mvp =MoCos θ+HR 2 πθ/180 tanΦ sinθ-wuR 1 2 (1-cosθ) =

44

-10.959

kNm

Lateral moment "M l " at θ = 3α/8 =

49.5

M l = MoSinθSinΦ-HR 2 π/180tanΦCosθSinΦ-HR 2 CosΦSinθ+wuR 1 Sinθ-R 2 πθ/180) =

-992.7

kNm

Torsional Moment "T" at θ = 3α/8 =

49.5

T = (MoSinθ-HR 2 πθ/180CosθtanΦ+w u R 1 2 Sinθ-w u R 1 R 2 πθ/180)CosΦ+HR 2 SinθSinΦ=

31.4604

kNm

Axial Thrust "N" at θ = 3α/8 = N = -HSinθCosΦ-w u R 1 πθ/180SinΦ =

49.5

-231.83

kN

Vertical Shearforce "V v " at θ = α/2= V v = -HSinθSinΦ+w u R 1 πθ/180CosΦ =

66

150.093

kN

Lateral Shearforce "V h " at θ = 0

 

V h =

Hcosθ =

165.286

kN

V u = 1.2sqrt(V v 2 +V h 2 ) =

 

267.919

kN

Shear strength of concrete = Φ c V c = 0.75Sqrt(fc)B.d/6 =

 

358.348

kN

 

ΦcVc > Vu

O.K

 

Vertical negative bending of flights Mu = 1.2*Mvs =

 

-276.6

kNm

 

276.6

ω

0.076

ρ

###

Ast1 =

3083

mm

for full width

 

Made

Date

Sheet

MKI

04/02/2019

Check

Date

Rev.

ZA

04/02/2019

0

 
 
 

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

 

Vertical positive bending of flights Mu = 1.2*Mvp =

 

-13.151

kNm

 

13.1511

ω

###

ρ

###

ρ

min

###

use ρ min

 

Asb1 =

###

mm

for full

width

Minimum steel = 0.0018.B.d =

872

  • mm for full width

 

Asb1 =

###

mm

for full

width

Distribution,Temperature and Transverse Torsion Steel

 

Temperature steel: 0.0018.B.d = 872

  • mm for full width

Lateral bending of flight:

 

Mu = 1.2*M l =

 

1191.24

kNm

 

depth available = B-100 =

### mm

 

width =h =

280

mm

ω

###

ρ

###

Ast =

1745

mm

2

Torsion Design of Flight:

 

Tu = 1.2*T Acp = Area enclosed by outside perimeter of concrete section or the gross area of the section

31.4604

kNm

 

=

B*h

= 546000

  • mm 2

 

Pcp = Outside perimeter of concrete section

 
 

=

2(B+h

4460

mm

 

Torsional strength of concrete = ΦtT c = 0.75*0.083*sqrt(fc)*(A cp 2 /p cp ) =

24.6164

kNm

 

ΦtTc > Tu

Design Torsion reinforcement

 
 

Cross section dimension check

 
Made Date MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Vertical positive bending
 
Made Date MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Vertical positive bending
 
 

=

407376

  • mm 2

 
 
Made Date MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Vertical positive bending
 
 

=

4204

mm

 
 

Made

Date

Sheet

MKI

04/02/2019

Check

Date

Rev.

ZA

04/02/2019

0

 
 
 

DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR

 
= 0.72

=

0.72

Cross section O.K
Cross section O.K

3.68

Cross section O.K

 

A t /s = Tu/(фt*1.7*A oh *f y )

 

A t /s =

0.14421

mm 2 /mm/2 legs

 
= 0.29 mm /mm/2 legs

=

0.29

mm 2 /mm/2 legs

 

minimum torsional reinforcement

 
Made Date MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR = 0.72 Cross
 
= 1.7 mm /mm/2 legs

=

1.7

mm 2 /mm/2 legs

 
= 1.63 mm /mm/2 legs

=

1.63

mm 2 /mm/2 legs

Hence minimum torsion reinforcement

 
= 1.7 mm /mm/2 legs

=

1.7

mm 2 /mm/2 legs

dia of stirrups used14

mm

using 2-legged stirrups

required spacing = s =

181

mm c/c

 

required Nos of closed stirrups 5.53

 

Provided Nos of closed stirrup 7

Made Date Sheet MKI 04/02/2019 Check Date Rev. ZA 04/02/2019 0 DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR Design
Made
Date
Sheet
MKI
04/02/2019
Check
Date
Rev.
ZA
04/02/2019
0
DESIGN OF HELICOIDAL STAIR
Design of Longitudinal Torsion reinforcement
A l
=
606 mm2
Minimum Longitudinal torsion reinforcement
=
0.813
-349
mm
2
Required torsion st 606
mm
2
Provided 2 bars at top edges of dia
20
Provided 2 bars at bottom edges of 20
Longitudinal torsion steel provi ###
mm
2
> required OK
Tension design of flights
Factored Tension = Nu = 1.2*N =
278.196
kN
Astn =Nu/(Φ t fy
736
mm
2
Astn to be provided on
368
mm
2
Total Top steel of flight
Ast-top = Ast1+Astn = 3819.38
mm
2
Required dia 20
Provided dia 20
mm
12
mm
13
Nos at top
Nos at top
As required =
As provided=
3819
mm
2
4082
mm
2
Total Bottom steel of flight
Asb =Asb1+Astn 1608 mm 2
Required dia
20
mm
5.12 Nos at bottom
As required =
As provided=
1608
mm
2
Provided dia 20
mm
13
Nos at bottom
4082
mm
2