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APPENDIKS

A. Data pengamatan
Tabel A.1 Venturi-meter

Bukaan
Q D1 D2 h1 h2 ∆h
Variabel valve
(dm3/s) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
(%)
1 1 0,65 39 18 203 196 7
2 3 1,20 39 18 231 271 40
3 5 1,45 39 18 249 151 98

Tabel A.2 Orrifice-meter

Bukaan
Q D0 D1 h1 h2 ∆h
Variabel valve
(dm3/s) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
(%)
1 1 0,25 22 39 206 199 7
2 3 1,15 22 39 230 173 57
3 5 1,45 22 39 252 154 93

Tabel A.3 Pitot-tube

Bukaan
Q D h1 h2 ∆h
Variabel valve
(dm3/s) (m) (mm) (mm) (mm)
(%)
1 1 0,70 0,0381 202 197 5
2 3 1,15 0,0381 203 197 6
3 5 1,50 0,0381 203 197 6
B. Contoh Perhitungan
Venturi Meter

Variabel Qp ∆h A V Q
(dm3/s) (m) (m2) (m/s) (dm3/s)
1 0,65 0,007 1,5260×10-4 1,3457 0,2053
2 1,20 0,040 1,5260×10-4 3,2168 0,4908
3 1,45 0,098 1,5260×10-4 5,0353 0,7683

Diketahui:
kg⁄ 3
ρraksa = 13600 m

kg⁄ 3
ρfluida = 1000 m

g = 9,8 m⁄s2

D1 = 39 mm D2 = 18 mm
= 0,039 m = 0,018 m
1 2
A= πd
4
1
= ×3,14×(0,018 m)2
4
= 1,5260×10-4 m2
= 0,0001526 m2

∆P = ∆h(PA -ρ)g
kg kg m
= 0,007 m (13600 3
-1000 3 ) 9,8 2
m m s

kg m
= 0,007 m (12600 ) 9,8
m3 s2

kg
= 864,36
ms2

1 2(P1 - P2 ) ½
V2 = ×[ ]
D ρfluida
[ 1-( D2 )4 ]½
1

kg
1 2(864,36 )
= ×[ ms2 ]½
[ 1-(0,4615)4 ]½ kg
1000 3
m
1 m
= ×1,31480
0,9770 s
m
= 1,3457
s
Q = A×V
m
= 0,0001526m2 ×1,3457
s
m3
=2,0535 ×10-4 s

dm3
= 0,2053
s

Orrifice Meter
Variabel Q ∆h A V Qp
(dm3/s) (m) (m2) (m/s) (dm3/s)
1 0,25 0,007 3,7994×10-4 0,84602 0,32
2 1,15 0,057 3,7994×10-4 2,41416 0,92
3 1,45 0,093 3,7994×10-4 3,08369 1,17

Diketahui:
kg⁄ 3
ρraksa = 13600 m

kg⁄ 3
ρfluida = 1000 m

g = 9,8 m⁄s2

D1 = 39 mm D0 = 22 mm
= 0,039 m = 0,022 m
1 2
A= πd
4
1
= ×3,14×(0,022 m)2
4
= 3,7994×10-4 m2
= 0,00037994 m2

∆P = ∆h(PA -ρ)g
kg kg m
= 0,007 m (13600 -1000 ) 9,8
m3 m3 s2

kg m
= 0,007 m (12600 ) 9,8
m3 s2

kg
= 864,36
ms2

Co 2(P1 - P2 ) ½
V0 = ×[ ]
D ρfluida
[ 1-( D0 )4 ]½
1

kg
0,61 2(864,36 )
= ×[ ms2 ]½
[ 1-(0,564)4 ]½ kg
1000 3
m
0,61 m
= ×1,31480
0,9480 s
m
= 0,84602
s
Q = A×V
m
= 0,00037994 m2 ×0,84602
s
m3
= 3,21436×10-4 s

dm3
= 0,321436
s

Pitot Tube

Variabel Qp ∆h A V Q
(dm3/s) (m) (m2) (m/s) (dm3/s) ρraksa
1 0,70 0,005 6,837×10-4 1,1112 0,7597
2 1,15 0,006 6,837 ×10-4 1,2172 0,8321 =
3 1,50 0,006 6,837×10-4 1,2172 0,8321 136
00
kg⁄ 3
m

kg⁄ 3
ρfluida = 1000 m

g = 9,8 m⁄s2

D1 = 1,5 inchi = 0,0381m


1 2
A= πd
4
1
= ×3,14×(0,0381 m)2
4
= 6,8370×10-4 m2
= 0,0006837 m2

∆P = ∆h(PA -ρ)g
kg kg m
= 0,005 m (13600 3
-1000 3 ) 9,8 2
m m s

kg m
= 0,005 m (12600 ) 9,8
m3 s2

kg
= 617,4
ms2

2(P1 - P2 ) ½
V0 = [ ]
ρfluida

kg
2(617,4 )
=[ ms2 ]½
kg
1000 3
m
m
=1,1112
s
Q = A×V
m
= 0,0006837 m2 ×1,1112
s
m3
= 7,597×10-4 s

dm3
= 0,7597
s