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APPENDICES

Calculation Set 1
Cold Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
6 USGM to 1.36 × × = 22.67
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (49.9 – 28) oC
= 21.9 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(49.9+ 28) °𝐶
=
2
= 38.95 oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 22.67 × × × 995.67 × 4183 × (21.9) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 34462.57 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load, 𝑯𝒓

9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠


= 34462.57 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 117.688×103
𝐻𝑟
Hot Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
10 USGM to 2.27 × × = 37.83
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (61.2 – 49.8) oC
= 11.4 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(61.2+ 49.8) °𝐶
=
2
= 55.5 oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 37.83 × × × 988.18 × 4175 × (11.4) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 29653.95 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load,
𝑯𝒓
9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠
= 29653.95 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 101.267×103
𝐻𝑟
𝑸𝑪
6. Compute Ratio 𝑸𝑯
𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐶 117.688×103
𝐻𝑟
= 𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐻 101.267×10 3
𝐻𝑟

= 1.162
𝑸𝑪
7. ≈ 1: hence, SET 1 is not selected
𝑸𝑯

8. Total Head Load, Q


𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝐵𝑡𝑢
0.5 (QC+QH) = 0.5 (117.688×103 + 101.267×103 )
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 109477.5
𝐻𝑟
9. Log mean temperature different, (ΔT) m
ϴ1 = Thi - Tco ϴ2 = Tho - Tci
ϴ1 = (61.2 – 49.9) oC ϴ2 = (49.8 – 28) oC
ϴ1 = 11.3oC ϴ2 = 21.8oC

𝜃1− 𝜃2
(ΔT) m = 𝜃
𝐼𝑛 ( 1 )
𝜃2

11.3°𝐶−21.8°𝐶
(ΔT) m = 11.3°𝐶
𝐼𝑛
21.8°𝐶

(ΔT) m = 15.982 oC

10. Overall heat transfer coefficient, (U)


Q = UA (ΔT) m
𝐵𝑡𝑢
109477.5 = U(31.67 ft2)15.982 oC
𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
U = 216.296
𝐻𝑟.𝑓𝑡 2 .°𝐶
Mass Balance of Water SET 1

Cold water in Cold water out


𝐾𝑔 Heat Exchanger 𝐾𝑔
1360 𝐻𝑟 1360 𝐻𝑟
SET 1

Hot water in Hot water out


𝐾𝑔 𝐾𝑔
2270 𝐻𝑟 2270 𝐻𝑟

Input = Output

a) Mass balance: CWin = CWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
6 USGM to = 1.36 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 1360
𝐻𝑟

b) Mass balance: HWin = HWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
10 USGM to = 2.27 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 2270
𝐻𝑟
Calculation Set 2
Cold Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
10 USGM to 2.27 × × = 37.83
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (41.7 – 28) oC
= 13.7 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(41.7+ 28) °𝐶
=
2
= 34.85 oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 37.83 × × × 995.67 × 4183 × (13.7) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 35975.67 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load, 𝑯𝒓

9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠


= 35975.67 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 122.855×103
𝐻𝑟
Hot Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
10 USGM to 2.27 × × = 37.83
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (57.4 – 44.0) oC
= 13.4 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(57.4+ 44.0) °𝐶
=
2
= 50.7 oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 37.83 × × × 988.18 × 4175 × (13.4) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 34856.39 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load,
𝑯𝒓
9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠
= 34856.39 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 119.033×103
𝐻𝑟
𝑸𝑪
6. Compute Ratio 𝑸𝑯
𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐶 122.855×103
𝐻𝑟
= 𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐻 119.033×103
𝐻𝑟

= 1.032
𝑸𝑪
7. ≈ 1: hence, SET 2 is not selected
𝑸𝑯

8. Total Head Load, Q


𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝐵𝑡𝑢
0.5 (QC+QH) = 0.5 (122.855×103 + 119.033×103 )
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 120944
𝐻𝑟
9. Log mean temperature different, (ΔT) m
ϴ1 = Thi - Tco ϴ2 = Tho - Tci
ϴ1 = (57.4 – 41.7) oC ϴ2 = (44.0 – 28) oC
ϴ1 = 15.7 oC ϴ2 = 16.0oC

𝜃1− 𝜃2
(ΔT) m = 𝜃
𝐼𝑛 ( 1 )
𝜃2

15.7°𝐶−16.0°𝐶
(ΔT) m = 15.7°𝐶
𝐼𝑛
16.0°𝐶

(ΔT) m = 15.85 oC

10. Overall heat transfer coefficient, (U)


Q = UA (ΔT) m
𝐵𝑡𝑢
120944 = U(31.67 ft2)15.85 oC
𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
U = 240.94
𝐻𝑟.𝑓𝑡 2 .°𝐶
Mass Balance of Water SET 2

Cold water in Cold water out


𝐾𝑔 Heat Exchanger 𝐾𝑔
2270 𝐻𝑟 2270 𝐻𝑟
SET 2

Hot water in Hot water out


𝐾𝑔 𝐾𝑔
2270 𝐻𝑟 2270 𝐻𝑟

Input = Output

c) Mass balance: CWin = CWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
10 USGM to = 2.27 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 2270
𝐻𝑟

d) Mass balance: HWin = HWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
10 USGM to = 2.27 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 2270
𝐻𝑟
Calculation Set 3
Cold Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
10 USGM to 2.27 × × = 37.83
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (44.2– 29.0) oC
= 15.2 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(44.2+ 29) °𝐶
=
2
= 36.6 oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 37.83 × × × 995.67 × 4183 × (15.2) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 39914.62 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load, 𝑯𝒓

9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠


= 39914.62 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 136.306×103
𝐻𝑟
Hot Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
15 USGM to 3.41 × × = 56.83
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (54.9 – 46.0) oC
= 8.9 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(54.9+ 46.0) °𝐶
=
2
= 50.45oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 56.83 × × × 988.18 × 4175 × (8.9) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 34778.35 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load,
𝑯𝒓
9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠
= 34778.35 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 118.767×103
𝐻𝑟
𝑸𝑪
6. Compute Ratio 𝑸𝑯
𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐶 136.306×103
𝐻𝑟
= 𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐻 118.767×103
𝐻𝑟

= 1.148
𝑸𝑪
7. ≈ 1: hence, SET 3 is not selected
𝑸𝑯

8. Total Head Load, Q


𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝐵𝑡𝑢
0.5 (QC+QH) = 0.5 (136.306×103 + 118.767×103 )
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 127536.5
𝐻𝑟
9. Log mean temperature different, (ΔT) m
ϴ1 = Thi - Tco ϴ2 = Tho - Tci
ϴ1 = (54.9– 44.2) oC ϴ2 = (46.0 – 29) oC
ϴ1 = 10.7 oC ϴ2 = 17.0oC

𝜃1− 𝜃2
(ΔT) m = 𝜃
𝐼𝑛 ( 1 )
𝜃2

10.7°𝐶−17.0°𝐶
(ΔT) m = 10.7°𝐶
𝐼𝑛
17.0°𝐶

(ΔT) m = 13.61oC

10. Overall heat transfer coefficient, (U)


Q = UA (ΔT) m
𝐵𝑡𝑢
127536.5 = U(31.67 ft2)13.61 oC
𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
U = 295.89
𝐻𝑟.𝑓𝑡 2 .°𝐶
Mass Balance of Water SET 3

Cold water in Cold water out


𝐾𝑔 Heat Exchanger 𝐾𝑔
2270 𝐻𝑟 2270 𝐻𝑟
SET 3

Hot water in Hot water out


𝐾𝑔 𝐾𝑔
3410 𝐻𝑟 3410 𝐻𝑟

Input = Output

e) Mass balance: CWin = CWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
10 USGM to = 2.27 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 2270
𝐻𝑟

f) Mass balance: HWin = HWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
15 USGM to = 3.41 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 3410
𝐻𝑟
Calculation Set 4
Cold Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
10 USGM to 2.27 × × = 37.83
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (53.7– 33.2) oC
= 20.5 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(53.7+ 33.2) °𝐶
=
2
= 43.45 oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 37.83 × × × 995.67 × 4183 × (20.5) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 53832.21 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load, 𝑯𝒓

9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠


= 53832.21 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 183.834×103
𝐻𝑟
Hot Water:
1. Flowrate
𝑚3 𝑚3 1000 𝐿 1 𝐻𝑟 𝐿
20 USGM to 4.54 × × = 75.67
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 1 𝑚3 60 𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛
2. Temperature Change, ΔT
ΔT cold = T2 – T1
= (66.7 – 54.5) oC
= 12.2 oC
T2+ T1
3. Average Temperature =
2
(66.7+ 54.5) °𝐶
=
2
= 60.6oC
4. QC = (m)cold. (Cp)cold. (ΔT)cold
𝐿 1 𝑚3 1𝑚𝑖𝑛 𝐾𝑔 𝐽
Q cold = 75.67 × × × 988.18 × 4175 × (12.2) oC
𝑚𝑖𝑛 1000 𝐿 60 𝑠 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔 °𝐶

= 63478.24 W
𝑩𝒕𝒖
5. Q1 Head Load,
𝑯𝒓
9.486 𝑥 10−4 𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝑠 −1 3600 𝑠
= 63478.24 W × ×
1𝑊 1 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 216.775×103
𝐻𝑟
𝑸𝑪
6. Compute Ratio 𝑸𝑯
𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐶 183.834×103
𝐻𝑟
= 𝐵𝑡𝑢
𝑄𝐻 216.775×103
𝐻𝑟

= 0.848
𝑸𝑪
7. ≈ 1: hence, SET 4 is selected
𝑸𝑯

8. Total Head Load, Q


𝐵𝑡𝑢 𝐵𝑡𝑢
0.5 (QC+QH) = 0.5 (183.834×103 + 216.775×103 )
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
= 200304.5
𝐻𝑟
9. Log mean temperature different, (ΔT) m
ϴ1 = Thi - Tco ϴ2 = Tho - Tci
ϴ1 = (66.7– 53.7) oC ϴ2 = (54.5 – 33.2) oC
ϴ1 = 13.0oC ϴ2 = 21.3oC

𝜃1− 𝜃2
(ΔT) m = 𝜃
𝐼𝑛 ( 1 )
𝜃2

13.0°𝐶−21.3°𝐶
(ΔT) m = 13.0°𝐶
𝐼𝑛
21.3°𝐶

(ΔT) m = 16.81oC

10. Overall heat transfer coefficient, (U)


Q = UA (ΔT) m
𝐵𝑡𝑢
200304.5 = U(31.67 ft2)16.81 oC
𝐻𝑟
𝐵𝑡𝑢
U = 376.25
𝐻𝑟.𝑓𝑡 2 .°𝐶
Mass Balance of Water SET 4

Cold water in Cold water out


𝐾𝑔 Heat Exchanger 𝐾𝑔
2270 𝐻𝑟 2270 𝐻𝑟
SET 4

Hot water in Hot water out


𝐾𝑔 𝐾𝑔
4540 𝐻𝑟 4540 𝐻𝑟

Input = Output

g) Mass balance: CWin = CWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
10 USGM to = 2.27 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 2270
𝐻𝑟

h) Mass balance: HWin = HWout

𝑚3 𝑚3 𝐾𝑔
20 USGM to = 4.54 x 1000
𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟 𝐻𝑟
𝐾𝑔
= 4540
𝐻𝑟