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Hello idiots - Science, Technology, and Society

Answer key by Janine Dionisio

Assignment 005

To ensure that a sample is representative of the population, sampling should be or is preferred to be


Select one:
a. Critically analyzed
b. Random
c. At best condition
d. The one you're familiar with in a population

Admission bias is
Select one:
a. When the sample of the population being observed died
b. When the population studied does not reflect the general population
c. When a subject is falsely classified as something else.
d. When not every subject is given the equal opportunity to be included in the study

Which of the following is not a bias in data analysis?


Select one:
a. Fabrication of Data
b. Manipulation of Data
c. Interpretation of Data
d. Elimination of Data

According to the reading material that if deviation is still present the author should:
Select one:
a. They should change the topic of their research
b. Repeat the whole study until it has zero errors
c. Confess it in their articles by declaring the known limitations of their work
d. They should change the data and manipulate it to correct the errors

Having only research with positive result and not accepting of those with negative results would be a
form of what bias?
Select one:
a. Bias in Data Interpretation
b. Bias in Data analysis
c. Publication Bias
d. Bias in Data Collection

It is a form of bias that occurs when the study is supported by the company that wouldhelp the interest
of the same company but instead of conducting a correct form of experiment the conclusion of the
study was changed or manipulated.
Select one:
a. Selection Bias
b. Funding Bias
c. Survivor Bias
d. Volunteer Bias
Selection bias is
Select one:
a. Wrongly classifying a sample as part of the study when it shouldn't be.
ent shows that there are significant risks to health beside from doing several actions in early steps the
following are further actions should be acquired except:
Select one:
a. Having First aid and Emergency facility
b. More precise monitoring procedures
c. Complementary employee training
d. Change the form of technology being harnessed

In a small workplace who should be the one to assess the work and the environment in the workplace?
Select one:
a. Managing Director
b. Assessment team
c. Project Manager
d. Assistant Manage

Which of the following is required to be done in the work place if nanoparticle-related intoxication is
reported?
Select one:
a. Develop new materials and ignore the case
b. Review and regulation of the assessment
c. Innovation of processes involved
d. Applying medical assistance to the one affected

When a person is in more than one group and the group standards do not align, which of the following
will be likely to happen
Select one:
a. Change of norms from one of the group
b. The person will leave one of the group
c. Norm realignment
d. The existence of normative conflict

People tend to save more energy if the message they received appealed to them if it implies a norm of
energy saving among neighbors compared to messages which asks them to save energy for the planet or
money. This simply means that
Select one:
a. Descriptive norms is less likely to influence a person
b. Normative influence is generally not detected compared to informational influences
c. Normative group pressure happened in the given situation
d. Injunctive norms is highly influential to a person

It is the process of conforming to descriptive norms which usually results to actions which genuine and
unrestrained.
Select one:
a. Social expectations
b. Social conformity
c. Normative group pressure
d. Informational social influence
It is formed in grouped situations and subsequently serve as a standards for the individual's perception
and judgment when he is not in the group situation.
Select one:
a. Social influence
b. Injunctive norms
c. Social norms
d. Descriptive norms

It is a type of norm that is characterized by what most people will approve or disapprove.
Select one:
a. Adaptive norms
b. Injunctive norms
c. Descriptive norms
d. Group norms

It is defined by the article as a negative attitude toward a group that is moving toward greater
acceptability, but not toward a group with normatively stable social rejection.
Select one:
a. Normative conflict
b. Energy Use
c. Regulatory focus
d. Prejudice

The article focused on analyzing the importance of social norms in two different domains which is:
Select one:
a. Peer generated norms and Family influence
b. Prejudice and Energy Use
c. Environmental Issues and Social Media Platform
d. Norms in the Community and Workplace

It is an expectation about appropriate behavior occurs in a group context.


Select one:
a. Social influence
b. Social norms
c. Injunctive norms
d. Descriptive norms

It is the process of conforming to a norm which is about what a group considers appropriate, moral, or
necessary.
Select one:
a. Social conformity
b. Normative group pressure
c. Informational social influence
d. Social expectations

It is a type of norm where the behavior reflects on what people actually do


Select one:
a. Descriptive norms
b. Injunctive norms
c. Group norms
d. Moral norms
Science is commonly used to denote the following except:
Select one:
a. A set of cultural values and more governing the activities termed scientific
b. A set of characteristic method by means of which knowledge is certified.
c. A stock of accumulated knowledge stemming from the application of these methods
d. A way of developing new skills to improve the world around us

According to Merton's "The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations science, like
any other activity involving social collaboration, is what?
Select one:
a. Needs people to handle it
b. The best way to survive social related problem
c. Subjected to shifting fortunes
d. Can survive change and maintain itself for era

The set of institutional imperatives where it adapts the idea that the substantive findings of science are
product of social collaboration and are assigned to the community.
Select one:
a. Organized Skepticism
b. Disinterestedness
c. Universalism
d. Communism

It is the set of institutional imperatives where it attributes the passion for knowledge, idle curiosity,
altruistic concern with benefit to humanity, and a host of other special motives to a scientist without an
outlook of engaging to selfish interest.
Select one:
a. Universalism
b. Organized Skepticism
c. Communism
d. Disinterestedness

It is the set of institutional imperatives where it is variously interrelated with the other elements of the
scientific ethos.
Select one:
a. Universalism
b. Communism
c. Disinterestedness
d. Organized Skepticism

According to the module the communism of scientific ethos is incompatible with the definition of
technology as private property in what?
Select one:
a. A democratic point of view
b. Scientific research
c. Scientist doing the research
d. A capitalistic economy
The norms under the ethos of science are legitimatized in terms of
Select one:
a. Institutional Values
b. Imperatives
c. Scientific Spirit
d. Questions and Inquiry

It is under universalism where it is tantamount to the progressive elimination of restraints upon the
exercise and development of socially valued capacities.
Select one:
a. Impersonal criteria
b. Particularism
c. Democratization
d. Ethnocentrism

The norms in the ethos of science are expressed in the form of prescriptions, proscriptions, preferences,
and which of the following?
Select one:
a. Partitions
b. Percussions
c. Admissions
d. Permissions

The set of institutional imperatives where it finds immediate expression in the canon that truth claims
are to be subjected to pre-established impersonal criteria.
Select one:
a. Disinterestedness
b. Organized Skepticism
c. Communism
d. Universalism

The first step on the 10-step model for nanotechnology risk management states that "A basic knowledge
of the work is essential for doing an adequate assessment". Which of the following statement would be
able to explain what it means
Select one:
a. The knowledge of only one person would never be enough to develop nanotechnology.
b. The statement means that the person doing the job should be act professional
c. It only says that everyone using and developing nanotechnology should know everything about it
d. It means that a person with the right knowledge should always be involved

Which of the following is the fourth fate of a stem cell?


Select one:
a. Remain Quiescent without dividing or differentiating
b. Producing two daughter cells increasing the stem cell pool
c. Dividing into two daughter cell where one is the same as the parent stem cell and the other is
differentiated
d. Producing two new daughter cell where both are different and highly differentiated from the parent
stem cell
A sheet of pure, carbon graphite rolled into cylinders usually a few nanometers in diameter and
between 1 and 100 micrometers.
Select one:
a. Buckyball
b. Nanotube
c. Nanodrug delivery
d. Nanosensors

A stem have four fates/outcomes, which of the following is the first one?
Select one:
a. Dividing into two daughter cell where one is the same as the parent stem cell and the other is
differentiated
b. Producing two daughter cells increasing the stem cell pool
c. Remain Quiescent without dividing or differentiating
d. Producing two new daughter cell where both are different and highly differentiated from the parent
stem c

In building nanotechnology which of the following approach is where you start with individual molecules
and create a product from there.
Select one:
a. Top-bottom approach
b. Down-top approach
c. Bottom-up approach
d. Top-down approach

It is a type of cell that is capable of perpetual self-renewal and has the ability to differentiate into
specialized adult cell type.
Select one:
a. Red Blood Cells
b. Stem Cell
c. Somatic Cells
d. Progenitor Cells

It is an institution which defined nanotechnology as the understanding and control of matter at


dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers.
Select one:
a. Harvard University
b. Institute of Science and Technology
c. JP Morgan and Chase Incorporated
d. National Nanotechnology Institute

Which of the following is the third fate of a stem cell?


Select one:
a. Producing two daughter cells increasing the stem cell pool
b. Producing two new daughter cell where both are different and highly differentiated from the parent
stem cell
c. Remain Quiescent without dividing or differentiating
d. Dividing into two daughter cell where one is the same as the parent stem cell and the other is
differentiated
The following requires a review and regulation of assessment except for
Select one:
a. If nanoparticle-related intoxication is reported
b. If there are significant changes in project products, work, material, process or control procedure
c. If the head of the company will visit the site of production
d. If inadequate control procedures are reported

What is type II diabetes?


Select one:
a. It is a type of diabetes where the body's cell is not capable of responding to insulin.
b. It is a type of diabetes inherited from the family
c. It is a type of diabetes where the liver cells is being destroyed by the immune system
d. It is a type of diabetes where the pancreas cannot produce insulin

They are molecules that have an uneven number of electrons making them unstable and highly reactive.
Select one:
a. Hydrochloric acid
b. Acidic substances
c. Antioxidants
d. Free radicals

It is a form of stem cell where adult cells were taken back into a pluripotent state by molecular
manipulation.
Select one:
a. Unipotent Stem Cells
b. Multipotent Stem Cells
c. Pluripotent Stem Cells
d. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

The following are challenges in orally taken drugs except for:


Select one:
a. It needs to survive extreme acidity and digestive enzyme
b. It needs have the ability to pass through the mucous layer of the intestine
c. It needs to survive mechanical agitation in the stomach
d. It should be capable of surviving peristaltic movement of the esophagus

The following are challenges in dealing with the development, impact, and effects of nanotechnology to
the society except for
Select one:
a. Credibility and Understanding
b. Technological Development and Foresight
c. Formulating Policy
d. Salary Equality

Which of the following statement would best define what product innovation is?
Select one:
a. It is where the developer focuses on developing new technologies and modifying the process of
producing a certain product
b. It is changing the way a product is being used
c. It is the enhancement of a product in response to anticipated or actual demand
d. It is where the technologies created follows a certain trend in the development of technologies
What is type 1 Diabetes?
Select one:
a. It is a type of diabetes acquired from diet
b. It is a type of diabetes where the body's cells do not respond to the presence of insulin
c. It is a type of diabetes where the pancreas cannot produce insulin
d. It is a type of diabetes where the person has taken up too much amount of sugar

Which of the following would best describe what product innovation is?
Select one:
a. It is the use of technology to be able to maintain existing product in the market
b. An application of science and technology where it is focused on developing new technologies and
thus new markets
c. It is where nanotechnology is mostly used, often in response to anticipated or actual demand for
specific product characteristics
d. It is a result of product invention driven by the needs of the many

Which of the following is the second fate of a stem cell?


Select one:
a. Producing two daughter cells increasing the stem cell pool
b. Dividing into two daughter cell where one is the same as the parent stem cell and the other is
differentiated
c. Producing two new daughter cell where both are different and highly differentiated from the parent
stem cell
d. Remain Quiescent without dividing or differentiating