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READING

COMPREHENSION SUMMARIZATION
Reading Comprehension Passages
1. Read quickly
❖ Reading the passages quickly is the foremost requirement.
❖ skim through the passage, keeping an eye on the key words used in the passage, as well as,
pointing out the essence of the passage.
❖ keep in mind the questions that have been asked, this will help you reduce the time considerably.

2. Build your vocabulary


A decent vocabulary is a prerequisite section as Difficult words can obstruct the speed of
reading and understanding of the passage

3. Focus
Maintaining the focus is crucial as reading comprehension is complex and can be confusing at
times.
Reading Comprehension Passages
4. Time Management
the trick is to not spend too much time thinking about a single question and instead finish the
other questions.

5. Develop a method
Develop a method of solving a comprehension. This method will vary from person to person.
Some people tend to mark the answers or important points in the passage with a pencil while
reading, some remember them in their minds while some make brief notes. Do whatever works
for you best.

6. Practice
Practicing reading comprehension regularly will prepare the mind to focus on important areas
and consume as little time as possible.
Important Strategy to Solve Comprehension Passages
•Read the passage as fast as possible.

•Get involved with the paragraph to understand it.

•Underline important lines or parts of the passage to answer the questions. It will also help to understand
the main idea of the passage or the tone or mood of the author.

•Try to translate a complex line in an easy one in your own words and your own language. This will help
you in analyzing the main idea of the paragraph and in seeking the cause and effects of the passage.

•Underline or mark the keywords. These will help you to discover the logical connections in the passage
and help in understanding it better.

•Try to understand some certain unfamiliar words by reading the line thoroughly. The theme of the line
will make you understand the meaning of the words.

•Do not assume anything based on your personal belief.

•Read the questions and all the alternative provided and choose the most appropriate one.
Summarizing
Getting to the Point
Summary
Short account of the central ideas of a text

Summaries are not a place for…

▪ Opinions
▪ Background knowledge
▪ Personal information
How To Summarize
1. Read the text.
2. Don’t let big words scare you.
3. Ask, “What was this text about?”

Your Answer…
▪ Should be a complete sentence or two
▪ Should cover main point and key ideas
▪ Should be in your own words
▪ Shouldn’t just be a word or two
Should It Go in My Summary?

Only major ideas and necessary information should go into a


summary.

Ask yourself:

“Do you need this information to


understand the text?”

If the answer is yes, put it into your own


words in your summary.
Main Idea and Key Points
The main idea is what the text is about.
Key points are arguments or information that is used to support
the main idea.

Key points may be developed or elaborated with supporting


details.

Your summary should only include main ideas and key points, not
supporting details.
The itsy bitsy spider

Climbed up the water spout

Down came the rain and

Washed the spider out

Up came the sun and

Dried up all the rain

And the itsy bitsy spider

Climbed up the spout again.


Example Answers
A spider fell but got up again.
+ Covers the main idea
- Does not cover key points

A spider was trying to climb but because of rain water he


was slipping down. But as the sun came up, all the water
got dried and the spider was able to climb up again.
+ Covers the main idea and all key points