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Possibility of controlled nuclear fusion by means of


Gravity Control
Fran De Aquino
Maranhao State University, Physics Department, S.Luis/MA, Brazil.
Copyright © 2011 by Fran De Aquino
All Rights Reserved

The gravity control process where K = 1.758× 10−27 and j rms = j 2 .


described in the articles Mathematical
Thus, the gravitational force equation
Foundations of the Relativistic Theory of
can be expressed by
Quantum Gravity [1] and Gravity Control
by means of Electromagnetic Field
through Gas at Ultra-Low Pressure, [2] FG = Gmgm′g r2 = χ2Gmi0mi′0 r2 =
points to the possibility of obtaining ⎧ ⎡
2
⎤⎫⎪
⎪ μ j4
Controlled Nuclear Fusion by means of = ⎨1− 2⎢ 1+ K r 2rms3 −1⎥⎬ Gmi0mi′0 r2 (3)
increasing of the intensity of the ⎪⎩ ⎢⎣ σρ f ⎥⎪
⎦⎭
gravitational interaction between the
nuclei. When the gravitational forces
In order to obtain FG > FE we must have
FG = Gmgm′g r2 become greater than the
electrical forces FE = qq ′ 4πε 0 r 2 ⎧ ⎡ ⎤⎫⎪ qq′ 4πε
⎪ ⎢ μr jrms
4
between the nuclei, then nuclear fusion ⎨1− 2 1+ K 2 3 −1⎥⎬ >
0
(4)
⎪⎩ ⎢⎣ σρ f ⎥⎪ Gmi0mi′0
reactions can occur. ⎦⎭
The equation of correlation
between gravitational mass and inertial The carbon fusion is a set of
mass [1] nuclear fusion reactions that take place in
massive stars (at least 8M sun at birth). It
⎧ ⎡ 3 ⎤⎫ requires high temperatures ( > 5×108 K ) and
⎪ ⎢
mg μ ⎛ σ ⎞ E4 ⎥⎪
χ = = ⎨1 − 2 1 + 2 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ 2 −1 ⎬

(1) densities ( > 3 × 10 9 kg .m −3 ). The principal
mi ⎪ ⎢ 4c ⎝ 4πf ⎠ ρ
⎩ ⎢⎣ ⎥⎦⎪⎭
reactions are:

tells us that the gravitational mass can be 23


Na + p + 2.24 MeV
strongly increased. Thus, if
E = E m sin ωt , then the average value for 12
C + 12C → 20
Ne + α + 4.62 MeV
2 2
E is equal to 1
2 E , because E varies
m
24
Mg + γ +13.93 MeV
sinusoidaly ( E m is the maximum value
for E ). On the other hand, Erms = Em 2. In the case of Carbon nuclei (12C) of a
Consequently, we can replace E 4 for thin carbon wire (carbon fiber)
4
E rms . In addition, as j = σE (Ohm's ( σ ≅ 4×104 S.m−1 ; ρ = 2.2 ×103 S.m−1 ) Eq. (4)
vectorial Law), then Eq. (1) can be becomes
rewritten as follows
⎧ ⎡ 4 ⎤⎫⎪ e2
⎪ ⎢ −39 jrms ⎥
⎧ ⎡ ⎤⎫⎪ ⎨ 1 − 2 1 + 9.08×10 −1 ⎬ >
mg ⎪ μ j4 ⎪⎩ ⎢⎣ f 3 ⎥⎪ 16πε0Gm2p
χ= = ⎨1− 2⎢ 1+ K r 2rms3 −1⎥⎬ (2) ⎦⎭
mi0 ⎪ ⎢ σρ f ⎥⎪
⎩ ⎣ ⎦⎭
2

whence we conclude that the condition irms > 42.4 A


for the 12C + 12C fusion reactions occur
is In order to obtain an ELF current
3
with these characteristics
> 1.7 ×1018 f 4 (5)
jrms
( −6
)
f = 10 Hz; i rms = 42.4 A we can start
If the electric current through the carbon from the following background:
wire has Extremely-Low Frequency Consider an electric current I , which is
(ELF), for example, if f = 1μHz , then the the sum of a sinusoidal current
current density, j rms , must have the iosc = i0 sin ωt 1 and the DC current I DC ,
following value: i.e., I = I DC + i0 sin ωt ; ω = 2πf . If
i0 << I DC then I ≅ I DC . Thus, the current
jrms > 5.4 ×1013 A.m−2 (6) I varies with the frequency f , but the
variation of its intensity is quite small in
Since j rms = i rms S where S = πφ 2 4 is comparison with I DC , i.e., I will be
the area of the cross section of the wire, practically constant (Fig. 1). Thus, we
we can conclude that, for an ultra-thin obtain i rms ≅ I DC ( See Fig.2).
carbon wire with 10μm -diameter, it is
necessary that the current through the
wire, irms , have the following intensity i0
irms > 4.24 k A
Obviously, this current will explode the
carbon wire. However, this explosion IDC
becomes negligible in comparison with
the very strong gravitational implosion,
which occurs simultaneously due to the I = IDC + iosc
enormous increase in intensities of the
gravitational forces among the carbon
nuclei produced by means of the ELF
current through the carbon wire as
predicted by Eq. (3). Since, in this case,
the gravitational forces among the carbon
t
nuclei become greater than the repulsive
electric forces among them the result is Fig. 1 - The electric current I varies with
frequency f . But the variation of I is quite small
the production of 12C + 12C fusion
in comparison with I DC due to i o << I DC . In this
reactions.
way, we can consider I ≅ I DC .
Similar reactions can occur by
using a lithium wire. In addition, it is
important to note that j rms is directly
1
3 In order to generate the ELF electric current
proportional to f (Eq.5).
4 Thus, for
iosc with f = 10 −6 Hz , we can use the widely-
−8
example, if f = 10 Hz , the current known Function Generator HP3325A (Op.002
necessary to produce the fusion reactions High Voltage Output) that can generate sinusoidal
will be i rms = 130 A . However, it seems voltages with extremely-low frequencies down to
that in practice is better to reduce the f = 1 × 10 −6 Hz and amplitude up to 20V
diameter of the wire. For a diameter of (40Vpp into 500Ω load). The maximum output
1μm (10 −6 m) , the intensity of the current current is 0.08 App ; output impedance <2Ω at
ELF .
must have the following value
3

i osc ε2
+ −
R
I DC

~ Ultra thin wire

f = 1μHz
i rms ≅ I DC

I = I DC + i osc

Fig. 2 – Electrical Circuit

REFERENCES

[1] DeAquino, F. (2002). Mathematical


Foundations of the Relativistic Theory of
Quantum Gravity. Physics/0212033.

[2] De Aquino, F. (2007) Gravity Control


by means of Electromagnetic Field
through Gas at Ultra-Low Pressure.
Physics/0701091.