PSI BS*970

:

PART:+:1 96 .. 1624669

053.5237 770

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procedures anil snecific reuuirements lor ~ .... .... . carbon, carbon nl~nd~n~Q.~ '--'L.J'~, allOY ana .................. e....,..... . . .. sranuess
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Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

PART*1 96

==

1624669 0535238 607

==

BB970 F~·rt1

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CJtanaara

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1 ne preparanon of this B!itisll Standard W~~, entrusted to 'Iechnical (~ommittee ISEi31, wrought steels, upon which the following bodies were represented:

Lloyd's Register of Shipping National .A.ssociation of Steel Stockholders Road Vehicle Spring Society Society 01 Motor ManUlaCtUrers ana. -lraaers LL.1!ll"Lea Spring Research and Manufacturers' Association . ............ ......... , " , ...... , . , ..... , . ._-'Department 01 'rrade ana Inaustr:j tl'~atlOnal i-nysrcar Lanoratoryj Ministry of Defence British Chain Manufacturers' Association British Enzineers' Cuttinz 'Ibols Association
....... •• ....,.... .... ,.., ,"', T •. _ .!~ __ ,

British Fol~g Industry Association Britisll Industrial Fasteners' Association Britisll kort and Steel Producers' Association
British St:l.irlless Steel AsStJciation

been prepared under the direction of the Engineering Sector Board, was published
under the authority of the

This British Standard,

having

Standar-ds Bt-:-Jard nd COITleS into a effect on 15 l\lay 1996 © BSI 1996
Third edition March 1947 Fourth edition Jalluanr 1955 Fff'th edition (Part 1) February 1972
(Supplement No.1 to Part 3) May 1973 (P-~"1: ) Februarv 1970 4 Sixth edition (colllbined: as P-(:U""'L 1) l!iayHj~3 _ .. __ .. ~~. First published. Second edition July 1941 October 1942

~~~ J~r;e19~ir ~j i970

Amendments
Amd. No,

.

-

.. issuea ....SInce punueatron .. .. . .
Date

_

seventn enmon
Eighth edition

November

HI!:f!

May 1996

The following BS! references relate to the work on t.his standard: Committee reference ISE/31 Draft announced in. BSl ... i\fe'J'!)s September 1995

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

8S1

96 I!III 1b24bb9 0535239 543 II

BS 970

Part 1

1996

lJontents

~

.

.

Page Inside front cover
C'I_~~.: ....:~ ..... 4--':-..__., 0l't:t.::.!.!.!\.:i1.(_,.ll_UI

Section
.L • .L

11

1....... ..-eneral Scope
T"I. ,.. ' ••

l!!SpeCLIU!!

anrl testTIlg procedu.:re

1 1
1 1 to be supplied by the purcllaser 2 4
4

1.3
1 ..i .L • ..,. ..!.;il

·
.&. •

....

1.6
-'j Fj .L ••

ueIlnlllons Symbols General mrormanon

Steelmaking and casting process Chern.ica.l composition Product analysis and permitted variations Freedom from defects C~onditiorL of material on delivers Heat treatment

1.9
1 1,-,
..1..\..1

• •• ..!."..!...!.
1.12
... 10
..I..• ..I..U

Mechanical properties
Selection and preparation of material for mechanical testing Frequency of other tests Test methods and test results Inspection Manufacturer's

5 8 8 8 10
.LV

1.15
..1..•

..!.• ..!. !

·....
'1
.&.1..'

'1 £::

In

1.18
1 1'-'
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statement

11 11 11

:sectIon 2. Specific requirements for as-rolled, as-rolled alld softe:ned and micro-alloyed carbon mar~anese steels

2.1

steels

Specific requirements Specific requirements

for as-rolled, and as-rolled and softened for micro-alloyed carbon manganese steels

," lL.;

12

Section ~. Specific r'equjremerrts for steels for surface ha:rderrlng by nltrtdlng Section 4., Specific requirements for case hardening steels Section o. Specific requirements Section 0. Specific requirements 6.2 6.3 6.5 Annexes A B Tables 1 2 Hardenability
T""'-. .. 11 J.

.LV

i~

for sta.inleas an.u Ileat l"esisting steels for sizes and tolerances

Mass/unit length tulerarlces Dimensional tolerances
07 '-',

Length

curves for Ca..,e hardening steels
,. _..l __ ,

ueOXlaa~lon or steer Slilfur and phosphorus composition of steels Incidental percentages of elerllen.ts in steels Permitted variations of product analysis from specified range 4

4 6

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

BS 970

aSI BS*970: PART~1 9b

Part

==

1624669 0535240 2b5

==

4 5
h
v

As-rolled and as-rolled arld softer led steels: chemical '.. .. ... .... . . . composItIon ana mecnarucai property requirements ffficro-alloyed carbon manganese steels: chemical composition and mechanical property requirements Steel for surface hardening by nitriding: chemical composition Case hardening alloy· steels: cllelllical C0I11position and hardenability requirements Case hardening steels: chemical composition and mechanical property requirements Case hardening
........................................................ +. ...... t'lHt:::all.~

.J.U

1'J

14
.1.U

t

z

7 8 9 10

17 19

steels: heat treatment

and maximum

hardness

I~l_lu.u

Ferritic and martensitic stainless and heat resisung steels in the form of forgings: chemical composition, heat treatment and rneCllaIlical property requirements Austerunc
.f"

11

...

,

stairuess

ana neat resIstIng steers In tne rorm 01
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chemical composmon, property requirerrlents

softening treatment

and mechanical

12

14 Figures

Billets (otller tluin stainJess steel) for forging: standard mass per . .. .... metre ann tolerances 'Iblerances for hot rolled round and square bar and rough turned rounds 'toterances for hot rolled hexagonal bar Tolerances for hot rolled f1a.t bar

29
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1\.• .1..

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... Alloy steels

32

A..l.1.3
£1 .. ..&. .. "&"."2:

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Steel 590H17 Steel 535H15 Steel 637H17 35 Steel 565H17

A.l .. .6 l

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Steel 805H17 .r.~.1.1.12 Steel 805H20 Steel 8051122
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37 Steel 708H20
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Steel BOBH!7 .L~.1.1.15 Steel 815H17 A i u Steel 820H17

ft;.!.;

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40 40

41
Steel 832H13 41 42 msiue back cover

.l\.1.1.18

List of references

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

9b

==

1b2L;bb9

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.l!!.l!

T~

=

BS 970 : Part 1 1996

This Part of BS 970 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISF~:31and is r._.... ....... ... .. r.r... , .,. • .,. .. tecnrncauy equrvaient to tl~ }J/V: ran 1 : l~l except [Ha1:requirements ror ooron steel'S have been deleted. In addition this standard now only applies to stainless steels when ill. the form of forgings. This standard, together with BS EN lCnJ88-3, BS Er.J"10088-1, and BS Er.J"10088-3 supersedes BS 970: Part 1 : 1991 which is withdrawn. T!Ti~ edition introduces technical changes but it does not reflect a Din . .. .. . ~ ...... ... ..... .. .... . .. reVIH\V revision 01 ttl€ stanctard, wr.... wiu be undertaken ill due course, or icn
• , .... .,.. T">o.'-"

The European requirements for stainless steels in flat rolled and long rolled product forms, but not forgings, are specified in BS EN 10088-1, and BS El~ lCnJ88-3 which are the English language Versions of E~~ 10088-1, and Er-~ 10088=3. The European req_iiirernents for boron st.eels are specified in. BS EI".J1008:3-:3 which is ....... ...,. .. ". .,, punnsnen simunaneousiy '~VILl1.trus stanoaro.
'"

,x/ark is conti.t'1uing III Europe to prepare standards coven .ng heat resisting steels,
......,_ .._ ...... . _.

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. .. .. , .. ." ,.. As tne r.;uropean otanuarus are puousnec, tne appropnare tames ana text
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wui De

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deleted from BS 970 : Part 1 : 1996 until it is eventually withdrawn. This edition. of BS 970 : Part 1 still specifies Izod impact values for steels; It should he .. .. .~ .... ~ ... ... ...,... ....... ..-., noted, hO\vever, tnat tne izod test IS not accepted ill ~urope ana tnat oruy LJl1a..rpy Impact tests will be specified in Europea.ll st3.Ildal'cls; Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer Immunity from legal obligations.

© BSI 1096

iii

Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012

... ....!.. PART*1 96 == 16246b9 0535242 038 == Part 1 1996 .: . . _.. ..6 test piece lest sample or test bar as finally prepared +-... ..+--_....~ ".. Particular attention given in the foreword... l)ll~ requirements for steelmaking and general testing and inspection procedures for the release of steel in the form of blooms... .. HB 1.2 limiting rufing seetio!l ror any COIT1POSItlOn of steel.. NOTE.........!-L '-'1..l..._.p. as-forged or softerLeu cO!ldition as appropriate and in accordance with the specific requirements for the steels in sections 2 to 5 inclusive.!U. is also drawn to the information position in the product or relevant part. ......2 References This Part of' BS 970 incorporates.r.....r..... --.f-~ . Section 6: Specifies sizes and tolerances. Charpy V-notch impact value "II . H. i. ~..::n'p::i _ '-·r-I) s... For urLdated references. (}..-4- ...-s.-Il elongation after fracture . 1"..lUC: I 1-. Editions of or these publications current at the time of issue of this standard are listed ort the inside back cover..4.t:'!. ... important in reianon to mechanical properties.0 :y~ proof stress (non-proportional elongation) ....... rods and forgings.:_'..._.4..lenSlle properties 11:tn 1.. " tensile strength percentage nriui .-1-_':~ ~..--" ..!tll....-.. 4... l._ ..a. O! ~r DO LH!~ r~I_. together 0..illn:::..L!U!t~ 1. _ \_~\_J\_JHH. ...-.. would have a cooling rate at its (:L'l!~ ey_tUytUeHL ~ __ .3 Defirrlt..Section 3: Steels for su:rface harderting nitriding. gauge length tCpO_2 dated references.2 7.. . ....!VltH:~. .... 1~4Symbols For the purposes of this Part of BS 970 the follo'ving symbols apply." .icns 1.._ thp ....4-. l_.._... -4..--l .~ proof stress (non-proportional elongation) 1. ror neat treatment... lc SCale) f_""" © BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 1 ..... This standard applies to stainless steels only in the form of forgings but to the heat resisting steel 310S31 in both rolled and forged product forrrls_ NOTE 1.l~i .. if subjected to the same cooling conditions as the product.rrus Part at ns ~·{Urerers to otner pUOllCatIons that IJrovide in_fcfiTI1ation guidance...tive references are made . ... 1... ruling Section 31 Equivalent diarneter of tl-Lat port.!_~iJ=~ '11 00 ~qU..ry[\ OJ f V "V~\A_llt::'.BSI BS*970. Fcn"arty product... Further information b given in BS 5046_ Sections 2 to 6 cover specific requirernertts for the supply of steels as follows: .. . _.... ...... r. ...Section 2: As-rolled and as-rolled and softened steels and micro-alloved carbon manganese "I_.ion of the :product at the time of heat treatment that is most BV HRC 1. .. r. rtaruness Brinell hardness xockweu . " 1..r.... the largest diameter in which certain specified mechanical properties are achieved after a specified heat treatment. .!. l""T" rI:.. ..L'!!C~I_........... only the edition cited applies...4 test sample Portion of the material ..!n·u. . . billets.. ...-4.' -... but reference should be made to tIle latest editions.~L.__._lRLL (1.: ...-·.... r....L.........5 /0 proof stress l_tOtal elongation) 1.I. any subsequent amendments to or revisions of the cited publication apply to tillS Part of BS 970 only when incorporated in the reference by amendment or reVISIon.1 Scope 0et:L!U!l C1~ _4....-. ....... .....4... ..-': _~ .......loloUt ~l\_'vv\__:<::tl_......... -..... These norTIla.L5· Section 5: Stainless and heat resisting steels. "1 General inspection and procedure 1..LiltO 5 D __ 0...-. ......4 Other limiting ruling section namness ...e..-.. the diameter at the time of heat treatment of a hypothetical very long bar effectively of infinite length of ururorm circular cross-secnon w rucn..... 'lest sample arter preparation . ___ IJU. NOTE 2.3...l_Ja\_...... l~ . "'" ...1:~~4.4..o test Dar .1\....J... ." at tne appropriate places In tne text ana tne etten " .-... +-hr... selected for testing.1 ....l_'\JJ...~~ __ ~1-.-......2.. \J\J\'Cl. . ~.....j or part of a product.1_ ...c . the latest edition of the cited publication applies.......upact properties Kev .-:~_~ cue ~~~ 1-!~ . Forgings above 150 mrn ruling section in carbon arid alloy steels may be ordered in accordance with ns 29 and BS 4670 respectively and released to the requirerrtents or those 1...l .. 1-. ..!S standards._ 1 . 1... same initial and fhlal tenlperature !:i.. tl... . DO ~ .... rl LC~LJ.._. slabs..-....3.2 Infermative references _ H'eH upper yield stress 1. used In the as-rolled.Ttd saTne coollng medium..-l !!~loeU 'JH ~~ ...... by dated or undated reference....3......0 % proof stress (total elongation) ~. ... rrf ....2 L.... 1...-4-\. . by 1.1 ."\-.:t.. for ... bars.:~ ~~._.. ..... loU 1. provisions from other publications. . . 1 .

.....anr'l ~~~~O~&.. ~ section ana narnenamnty .....ahility Machinability is enhanced by higher sulfur content (See 1.. C.. required distances (see 1.. ". it is now ... required for forgings and drop forgings.. _ or _ . 1'1U1r..::....e steel "vi th these requirements .7...Y ~+-~~1 L~ 1. a) The steel selected from 9 "[ ..a._.. both sulfur and lead or other elements can ...H 11:!!I.' ..ly ..14. 1~ mm ana... It IS customary to test ana release steel to specified mechanical property levels _.. e. ......- fr-rrm (>!=tItp. . the properties quoted are for a test bar size of 19 rnrn (see 1. " + .honlti np m -- z steels & _ _ are available. The presence machinability... " .8 . The manufacturer shall oe responsible to the purchaser with resPect to the conformance of th...~e.i:~ "" .J ~ __ ~ __ tUtU .. ....L L... ana wnetner tne component is to be nitrided.al prop.Z ~upply optIons j' _ - \lJhere appropriate] th. o~bi~atic:n o~ ~~~chanic.......L _.4) and the method of mea..2).. n ... .. r.A n\ D)~ g) If a specific steelmaking or casting process is .. ..ecific requirement.'. ..5...----- ".a.. of' ') 9 the 0) II orueren 1:0 tne requirements condition (see table 5)..4 . re-roiung..J... . . ••• • 1.. PU.. ~_..-... _.~_ ._l. . .. e) "' .7~2) and.... " .. h::il~ HnUlPutJor _ ..HHt:. .....!OTE..11 • . of the effect of section size.3 IVlachin. .... oll-quencnea conumons. b) The applications of the billets and bars required.!Ue~ ~L a... --. c) Whether the steel is to be supplied to A rv!..2 For alloy case-hardening steels. "I "I. .eH~!!~ ... ne usee In conjunction. .1. .erties c t1V1 graces) or narcenamuty requirements (H grades) and chemical composit.. The conditions for thesE' heat treatments and tests shall be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.. 1-U:Jo'~·~l14.g."ring list and where no specific choice is made by the purchaser. ...-. 11)If a steel having a controlled grain size is required (see 1.. .~e~ • or.L~ __ .. _ • . section 4 or section OJ or sr. .4 1tUl1I'ag 11 _ ...1 Mechanicai properties 5 1..l.L __ 1.he purchaser and shall be supplied in accordance with .. If other heat treatments and! or sizes of tf>sthar are used.t_ ! ne propernes specmeo lor ootn carbon ana anoy steels apply only to the test ba. 1.. _ . .....a.e specific requirements of r.t l. ~_......... . of the material (see 1.DvT U. whether rimmed..1 Quaiity The steel shall be selected and ordered by t. l.. i... 1.ion ---.. excepting that for Items a..~_... or The following information shall be stated on the enquiry and order.:~_ ~_.. .. !=i ~t!=iilri::il~ri '. . . IS not acceptable lsee l_:U~I_. 9b ~ 1b24b69 0535243 Sectioll 1 BS 970 Part 1 1~5General 1... category 1 steels are printed throughout the standard in normal (upright) type. ~}J mm.~_.. tne approprIate general requirements specified in this sectiort and .J .ihl.. Nvrr. © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . ---------- SPIPf·t... ana any auoruonar requirements specltled.... . of titanium may have an adverse effect on . ". ~ _ NOTE. f ana u ne snau rerer tne matter to tne purchaser.:__. .. ..' .1... ~{_. .... for forging..-.Tv a .1. ~}..e. " . . induction hardening... +-." . .. ._. induction hardening and welding.... ... if known.ion.I_. requirements.".. .. section 3. requirements specmen In sections ~ to 0 mciusrve (see also note to 1.... sections ~ to 0 cover supply options as IOHO\VS.... !1~1 For carbon and carbon rnan.!1!.. the end use. .g. . 1. tfV'n . conversely.._ l_..<'TU~!I.garlese 54 case-narnerung steers. .:1 __ . 1..2 .. .!O:'... "'.. .. _. / +-1. or H grade requirements (see 1. requlrea or... .. II 1> orueren to tne naraenaDlllty reqUIrements . . . d..._.1) and with the tolerances 8 specified in section 6. ..4 and table 7). a) To close limits of chemical composition (A grades) wIlere no mechanical properties hardenability are specified.. . ... Where extremely high machinability is needed.._A1_ drawing of the part to be made may be useful in appropriate cases. metal coating.. and category 2 steels in italic (sloping) type.5. w nen category 1 ana categcry t"T~ . 'OJ. the supplier may select those considered appropriate. w nen lVlsteers are ordered. _.v-ith the specific nlaterial ..uPor ~ •• y nn!O:'..1. These .. .....l_JHl(:t.s for a non-standard steel to be released to tne requirements of section 1..~ LIte nsini1 ·0 .6 Information to De §uppl1eo bjr the 11 . I) In tne case or caroon steers suppnea to composition only which are not...1).Hl~t ." " • p.jL!-e!ta.~ (_II Ai .. __ ~1 ..tt.l._~_ V£l. _. ~" ~ ~ ..1_ ~t:_':{~:l. by the purcha."1 "I • _ • " '. & • _ ---~-- adc -~~-.10..... e. r.2). then different results may be obtained.J '_e' I.5. ~l... NOTE_ For special applications. _.4. L. or ..'r .. riaruenamnty oanos lor tnese steers (based on BS 4437) are included in section 4..... .5.. All these requirements shall apply equauy [0 steers given In categorIes 1 ana z. . if required. +. L.... "I"'.._.. ".F7 ... _......J_~~~ _ l·H~ H<t.16.surernent if other tl-larl rnetllod 1 U1 D~ 4490. ..J i 'UTnPonp.. the properties are quoted for different test bar sizes in the .. e...1 LU !1.. \__.. and 1. .. COla forming. .1 and 1. ._ .... but the 19 mm size shall be by agreement..._...0..'-'!!!t. the rrdnirftUrfl reduction from the as-cast state to the hot i •• worked product (see note to . .t. . . 0.:lo - To facilitate this selection....-.... ".J~_~1.......J _~1~~~~ Lel~Gt~~ .. ....2)j by a lead addition (see 1~8~4)or by special heat treatment to promote optimum structure.~. _ ..4.... l_1111 If forritic or martensitic steels are ordered to the mechanical property requirements of section 5: 1.. required (see table 13)..."...19) .. balanced or killed steel is required (see . these steels may also be supplied with mechanical properties or hardenability specified by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier. .:'17P ~ r~\f t~~t '--I....:rchaser-s should pay particular attention to the fact that this Part of BS 970 permits the options shown in the follo. 10 mm..UH. .. .. ..1...n...2 ._.. .' . .. . . . hardenability bands may be used as a guide to ~~~i~~t~ t~~ te~Sjne sjtren~h of a rulin~ s~ction at tne time or neat treatment.7...(_Jl·e:"jl· (:t.. • "I' • .. .~er.H~)H <.r siZf> used and the heat treatmenr specified..!U_H~~.0..lUll:' ...

.i>......g.... Alloy steels can be supplied with a grain size of 5 1. ..4). a steel containing 1Q ... " • .. Rh~ct.!. 1... Cleanness cneCK. Where conformance 'wit.2 % proof stress. Steels for forgings and drop forgings shall be killed unless othe:r~wise agreed and stated on the oruer.." .. vacuum degassing.H_:tt.. llLcl.. t...l_lt:at::::lH .1. the purchaser may specify a minimum reduction from the as-cast state to the hot worked product (see also 1.. . l ....... standards for the degree of freedom from non-metallic inclusions and methods of determination shall be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.......... .10.. Other methods for the determmation ot grain size may be used by agreement) see also note I to 1.".11 and tables 9 and 10)..7 Steelmaking and casting process 1~ 1 Ge:neral 7~ ine steelmaking and casting process shall De r. " .7... LHt: "Tro •.. +t-.lL\J. The steel is characterized by a high standard of cleanness and by low sulfur and phosphorus contents which can also be achieved hy various alternat.l Hlt::::Cll(1. u) Sizes...l l_JLll...1Carbon and carbon manganese steels Carbon and carbon manganese steels supplied as A grades sllall be deoxidized as stated in annex B. 1..... t) If special identification of the steel is required (see 1. However............ ..... • . NOTE.. 'lu:....u Its ~t... .. r ne air mixed air and oxygen bottom blown basic or to 8 determined in accordance with BS 4400 or arl. I!!"\ stairuess steels..~...."...1.. 1+". ...e order.. . lengths and tolerances required (see section 6)..... Micro-alloyed steels are not subject to grain size control..3 and 1..... +t-....&...J. austeniti« steels... ultrasonic testing and . ......C." .......... .. ..otller ITletllod by agreement.:-...et'! ano w!!ich l'OHforIn to standards similar to those required of open hearth steel.."'2:)..LlJUtlt:._ ...1.....j.....19).".. +" ....... ana In tne case of IS l\1:icro-alloyed steels shall be killed.....~' ....:1 .. 1~ 7~3Deoxidation ..'ic'1nolity steel is st. lead is required nlirnl"l1it. . .. J t~'::1\. n) \Vhether in the ca.~ l~t::::t::: A:_"O~~J~ ... "' llHLH.ll . ". Material in the as-cast condition is not covered by this Part of BS 970..+".. L. ....... by selection of raw materials and/or secondary steelmaking. ..19). "In... specific impact test........ . lit) The condition on deliveri in which the material is to be supplied (see 1.. . ..~ BS! 1996 3 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . fme grain steel will normally be supplied. ~ .... .... regarn to tne amount or resiouar eiements ana/or what information is required on the certificate (see 1. I k) \Vhether there are special requirements with ...... 1. N(.. . r ~~arE..... induction H furnace or in a basic lined electric arc furnace..... .....1 l..Iii 10 0\ . .. " . .. .... ... .. UIIJt'.".oc. ~......'6)... II required.. When produced in the arc furnace the conventional double slag process is used.. whether an lntercrystalline corrosion test is required (see 1....8.lv '-'O.. Steels supplied LV .0... .. _... 1..ive techniques.. N01"E 2... naraenaDIllty requlrements are suppuen fine-grained and if coarse grain steel is specifically required..20). ClearUless 75 If required. \. ~JOTE 3...llUalU 1 ...f" ..-....1tl).... 11 a enoree IS avallanle. many of the steels can be supplied having a controlled grain size of 1 to 5 (coarse grain) or 5 to 8 (fine grain) determined in accordance with BS 4490.1I. Ii.....1.'4 e..18).~ lJ'1lCro-utloyea steets ' \. trus snau ne mace ny tne purchaser and shall be stated UH the enquiry and order.. r) If a representative will be sent to witness :rna:nufacture S) 11 a .. . Steel is normally fine-grained if the total aluminium content is > u.~... ..~ l~ required (sec 1.16...lH LHt:::: ~Ld....~.U~~~ il)... NOTE 2.Sectioll 1 8SI BS*970~ PART*1 96 == 1b24bbq 0535244 900 BS 970 == P-a:rt 1 I} 'rne pnospnorus ana sunur contents required ~'.~eof billets and bars the material shall be suitable for cold shearing...g. .. statement giving tne cast anarysis ana/or ... then the hardenability shall be subject to negotiation... in cases of dispute it should conform to BS 4490 .. 1) If any other special quality criteria.:. \JlJl1t'1 V\ll~r specified on the enquiry and order...h.2)." h _ T~ ...t.1.....7.. .1.....iri~~ ""' 0. testing (see 1....see .U........ ..h a. . ..'TE 1. .eel melted in 3..... Electrically melted steel is steel made in an electric furnace under conditions not necessarily conforming to the requirements for elecLric quality tlt..It:..... l'~OTE 1. 0) If a maximum decarburization limit is required j j I .. \~lhe:n specifically required.2. Grain stzs-s fin~r than R (Hay he permitted by agreement. is required.. _....4 Controlled grain size and/or ..... Alloy and stainless steels shall be killed.... . 13) 96 proof stress. 'V '" """ ~ particular method on the enquiry and order. " Steels supplied as NIor H grades shall be killed unless otherwise agreed aTld stated on th. .......'. Steels for case-hardening shall be killed. .-... converter process is not pennitted.. II The steel shall be cast into ingots or shall be 1~·{ . . .t::::l Lt:~l..... LJy llltt: ..:.... ......l 1 . q) If a 0.....+ .1:-'" r'lllf"(-·h~""f-Ir ""nf-l...... ~~ ." " lIrllp\. ......I......4... .lLUlcl. .. f .."........ are requireo l.. and/or a.. ..i) If (£"Iron.. ." ... p) In the case of austenitic - _.... It::::~UlL~ U.... P. . ....llU... .U.ee 11 ....1 U... to be determined (see 1.~ ....

:::....... 4-1.:I VI (:\1'1-'1 V_l.... ~d........... maxima lor residual elements shall be agreed between the purchaser a:nd the supplier.. Table 1...I\JIObiUm Titanium Copper r. ". steels Steels I ..... . J'"> ...... Incidental stanuess steers Elements pel~centages of elements Non-austenit.. ..8 Chel!........ 1..l_~~ __ .... may specify a maximum content of one or more resicuar elements ana/or may require tne amount or Stale(! •• •• .025 max.\1 lltUn ..It. steels shall .... percentages of elements up to the follovving maxima shall be considered as incidental: V....... ~~ .....8.. Thble 3 Sl10WS tIle variations .. ~~l"'"'~~--=~.3 TI-le sulfur and phosp1:1orus contents for stanuess steers are grven In tames 1U ana 11......2...\"...rnanganese ... ~.. QC\ v.....n."" .nurumum and great.l/. .... ""_ .. __ . .... r..... that lead has been added to conform to the specified requirement..vv 0..... 1 NaTE.lon Phosphorus u.:• 1~~.. ..nl1 ~JId....1 ..8.. A .. this should he agreed.3. I content can have on macrunamnty.CartHJH and carbon .!I......... ............ ..... TIle variations may occur either above or below tile individual element ranges but shall not apply both above arld below~ the specified range for anyone ..) .025 % maximum..:i ... l:)lvelt . uenvery UUL"·UHlt::llL. I .t:::t~.. 1.UbU 10...lOTE... .. by agreement with the elements to b€ report._~... " J J' J 1 1.. nernutteu In nrouuct anaivsis In _---_... witn associateo pnospnorus contents ~t~ .....1 Composition ranges The c:henlical composition of the steel.. 4... __ .. I_...-F 4-h~"..er..3.8... based on cast analysis.... .... ..1..." .:_ lIt 4-.:..035 max.Jl\J~ \1.. . .J ... ~__..! . and the steel shall be identifiable by a distinguishing mark agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.... 0.. The table only applies to fully Killed steels arld not to rimmed or balanced steels.. in exceptional cases.ule 1 .3 Residual elements IJ~~~.35 % on the product analysis and shall be eve:nly a:nd finely distributed. . 0..r...2.. ..~D I'l/!nnl...... h . .. - manufacturer.. ~~_1_~~ ~ .3. chromium 0.JIJ!Y lV!e. '..•• .... ~ __ 4 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 .. . . ...:. tn€ eiements ....J"OTE 2.. adverse effect which 10'''" sulfur I _ _ ..-..8._ I desirable to minimize the _.9 Product varratrons and perruit..025-U. ...' ......BSI BS*970= PART*1 96 BS 970 == 16246b~ O~3~245 847 II Section 1 1..-Jl14Vt:o: \_:t:'...~. . For alloy steels.10 r. .. .... If requested by t.4 Steels containing lead Steels containirlg lea.. Analysis of the product may vary frofn the specified cast analysis due to heterogeneity arising during solidification. ~t(:!!H!~~~~1I::e!~. the purchaser requires a steel of other than standard cornposit. Where specifically ordered! a lower content of sulfur and phosphorus.. 1.015-0.. the details for which should be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier.. .(:kpd by pither a lead print.. OU!IUr and phosphorus I compoait.. .... Except in the case of ~ ............'"1er and the supplier and stated on the order. lead exudation test or by ultrasonic 111ethods.-.2 In carbon... n... .uv 1 nn ..40 96. Fir.J~ .... • . _. 1.l • f"j"'f"" ...llt::" (l.. ...... ... .050 I I I 0. T. . and alloy steels..... TIlese ranees should be used when it is considered ~ .....4 In stainless steels. (..::i 7" lit"": d....040 IO.. .. _ !I OL I ~u 1 ~u!!!!r agreement it shall be nut less than O~ 7~nor 12 greater than 0.11 h ..~_1 ......t '-'ll ""itt::: '_IIUt::"..1... " rree-cutnng steel witn respect to sulfur and phosphorus.... Where... ...ile purchaser..ro. I t... may be supplied...20 0..r.8... tne phosphorus content 0. steers ana lor tensue strengtn ranges or !......+ .. .!ical cOl!.. ..Other ranges can he supplied by agreement I the ....+ ...'I11IILdt.025-0.035 % maximum..ed on the appropriate certificate.. V..ie steels 70 in Austenitic steels t-.. nurchaser and the sunnlier.j .d ITLay be supplied by agreement and the agreed lead range shall be . carbon manganese.. the distribution 111ay be f:hp...VL}V 70 maximum ana.. SUIIur ranges.~_..9... .ion .ted 1...... .51r......J...jU!!U!!:Geu .Lt I NOTE 1 I 1. the suuur content snau oe U...~. relation to" -~ cross-sections not greater than 65 DUO mm-. _l~ ~ . . .IV 1. percentages of elements up to a given maxima shall be considered as incidental.tJ I/r:t..3 In micro-alloyed steels. This is recommended for certain alloy nitriding ...h ..... \Vltn sult ur and pnospnorus contents each of 0..8...:uue~ HUl CIJ....... ....2 Unless otherwise stated in the material specification.. 0........015-0. .l. NOTE.... shall conform to the requirements of the appropriate material specification in sections 2 to 5.025 max..... • p 1~8~2 Sulfur' and phosphorus contents !... Oe SUpplled..050 rrLax...... Carbon and carbon manganese steels Alloy steels I 0... .....'La. ... If required.r.... . r... 1...t.It> %. . Thble 2... ~.....!position 1... A 4 .050 ~b maximum.... 1~8...8.. .. 1...........' ... Other limits for sulfur and phosphorus rnay be agreed between the purcha.. NliI'E.../' .... ~\I'Iolybdenurn J.........~ .. steels can be supplied to controlled .. lJl l....1 ...... with each element at 0..... .::: 1.JtJ.040 'rne SupplIer Shall endorse tne invoice.llte~e h. /U......VVt:r:JI purchaser and supplier and stated on the order. •• . as given ill table ~.........i • molybdenum nickel 0.. "...... between 10.30 G. the purchaser..3~ 1 Elernents rLot quoted In the relevant speCIIICation snau not De auneu "[0 tne steer without the agreement of the purchaser other than for the purpose of finishing tile heat 01 lO acllieve anticipated or specified properties. at the time of the enquiry and order..

Ully -:"'""T (l..1..+ +t-.-. . Surface conditioning need only be such as to remove composition. If arty of these further samples are proved to be outside the permitted variations for any specified element~ tlle ..~_ . .. ." n.. l...1• .l . • 1. 1.lU~~~~ shall be free from defects harmful to their appropriate processing and where specified. be agreed between if .. .ser and the supplier. The results of the analysis of these samples shall fall within the permitted variations.10.....9..rl shall ensure that tIle product is free from piping. ....el_. . if necessary..3 In the event of the results of the analysis of a single sample falling outside the permitted vananons in tne product analysis. 1~ Freedom from defects 10 1.~.eat treated ~...2) shall 1~ r.2....2. ....:UVlLl~U 1-.. . " .. ....2 and ill the ever-It of dispute.. Material supplied to tllese conditions may not be suitable for the applications covered by "'III "'III~ n.~. .. "'III _] ...~ Surface defects !LL 1... billets..SS! BS*9?O: PART*1 96 Section 1 == 1624669 0535246 783 II n~ 970 Part 1 1996 element in any one cast of steeL .. unless othe:r .4 Samples for product analysis shall be taken in accordance with BS 6200 : Section 2. If suppiied in the black condition) overall grinding or turning may be permitted to clear decarburization.10. .. reheating and cooling and the amount of working 1.... 1. 'lI .. . 1.! !!!lU "'III 1n.5 When required. values..... maximum decarbluization levels shall be agreed between the ... further samples of depth of the minimum permissible diameter of shall be selected for analysis from the remainder of the consignment as follows: a) at least t\VOsamples rrom the same cast for 0) at least five samples from the same cast for delivered masses up to 20 t.1...2 The procedures for casting.:1 allU 1 1tl.1 Blooms. narmnu segreganon ana other harmful internal and external defects. ..ro .a Normaiized bars 11~ Normalized bars shall be supplied to tIle specified mechanical have a high standard of surface quality and the shall be SUCll surface conditioning and. Part. properties and...... i-rocucts tor re-roumg or ror appncatlons ...-.4 Forgings and drop forgings shall be finished in a workmanlike Inanner and shall be free from flaws and harmful defects.11. .2. .• .. . this Part of BS 970. purcnaser ana tne suppuer ...1. central unsounnness. ... .e nO!l-:h. slabs.1. The machining allowance shall be not less than 2 7~ rounds or 2 7~ per side of tile rrurumum permissible dimenslons of flats or other solid sections. by agreement the suppuer.1_.. . ... supplIed.lU.. carbon manga.lU• L 1... ....... "". '" ueuvereo masses over zu t.L "i _.2~2 Products intended for subsequent overall machining need not have the same freedom from surface defects as specified in 1... . . shall of harmful defects taking into account the macrumng allowilltce... Machining allowances less than these may be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier...t or f .....1 and BS 6200 : Section 2. _ _ .z .. ...:..H~ t.. L!ld!t 1... as-rolled or as~rorged.Uii~. General 1..4-' ""' . slabs..1.10. . wh...2. ..l. t.11.. . ..9... Aa. ""'_... ~l. +-: ..pplier artd stated l1 on the oruer.'1e surfaces of bars for induction hardening may be required to be free from decarburization and they will usually he turned or grou:nd. . ~..Iii .. analysed in accordance with the appropriate i. " 1....... the 1 c) at le!ist eight samples from tIle same ca.41Y!aterial used l.......'1se agreed betw-eer! purchaser and su.ny product which on subsequent analysis falls outside the permitted variations of the be deemed not to conform to the requirements L lO. .1_~. T:. NOTE.... the .t\·l..11..2..n non-heat-treated condition rvlaterial to be llsed in th.l. range specified for any element.. L'Y . consIgnment Shall ne ceemeo not to conrorm to tne requirerftents of tllis Part of BS 970.-.10. rnetllods of BS 6200 .10.1 Special testing and inspection arrangerrlents TI1H·Y. end use. required.1.... . black bars arld rods shall be . In the conrnnon stated Products intended for applications such as upset forgirlg cold heading or cold forging may require a higher degree of freedom fronl surface imperfection which shall be agreed between the pu.. .• .11..delivery 1. 1. .U. tI_.1_'-'~~~. .....l1U~ V1 t:::'H\_J.1l11 \HUe. 1. ...10. ..1.J . between conumon may oe suppueo to nnneu naruness the purchaser and © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 5 .. NCYrE..... tne purcnaser ana tne suppuer ana SnOUIQ De roo+.11 Condition of material or!.!.!lU~1L \. .2.:1""' . "...1 Carbon.... working.2 Foroinos and dropJbrgings Forgings and drop forgings shall be supplied condition stated on the order.:rclla..Uii~ii. . otuets..nese. 0 "I _L~..l0.ere specified.+".gs which are not required for subsequent overall machining (see 1. .he end use_ i defects detrimental to the appropriate processing as to rerflove on the order..l.!. 1..... black bars and rods Blooms. A l.......1.. ..........o.1 Products intended for applications such as hot forgin. __ ..-J UL!te! ~-4--1.

..s for subsequent :hot workirlg shall normally be supplied in the as-forged or as-rolled condition.J....010 0.. for subsequent ~.!..008 0.-.. "S n <..V~D ::s 0.. ·70 s 1. .... if required.u Phosphorus ::s V.006 0.v > O..005 I D) _.060 > 0. macrurung snau ne suppueo In tile sortcncd . 70 v..0 ::s > l.--::j.008 n ni v. 1. -..-....JJ..2.1 rerritic steels sortenen conomon. .50 s 1.003 10... uue~ ..iilWY steelS .. . drop forgirLgs and bars for .008 0.11.. ..JV _ Ii iii V... w /0 ! ~!ement Range in which maximum falls Variation on specified Over max..2 StairJess steels 1.. Tl1e softening treatment may be omitted if free rorl.iI..08 0....040 ::s 0."..+ j_j_VJ... 10.LV .060 :5 0.50 n 110 v...Ll J..J.VUUL.. .YV'Il h. ..1.10 Manganese :::.rt ." " 1~11~2=3=2 Forgings...04 0....v. .05 Silicon :5 0.0 > 1.L! Section 1 1..03 0..04 0.040 :5 0. .03 [ 0..2.D .L -i'..01 0..11. snau De suppllea In tne sorteneu connmon.015 . .. "" > V.060 Sulfur ::s V.501) > 0...VL:D rv An rv AOI""" > V..040 > 0...JU "j . ..r....V~D n...l v...1~...V'::::D ::s 0. BS 970 Part 1 .005 0.03 0. o..... _..03 {'"I nA v. 1. .".006 0.r:.. .. 1.40 0.".11..... . Permitted variations of product arm-lysis from specified of specified element ranilF range Under min..·-t Silicon s 0.0 _.08 0.010 0.-......2 Forgings and drop forgings shall he supplied III the CUHUltIU!l ~laled on uie order: L-VVJ. subsequently descaled.' Products in ferritic steels shall be supplied tile L 11~2~:3_1Product..'--"f.10 0.. v I n n~ v.. i Table I __ 3..006 0. ...8SI BS*970: PART*1 96 .25 :5 0...2.45 s O.25 > 0.r<r . .-u-.25 > 0. 1624669 0535247 611 .vu Manganese 0..03 0..0.v"% ') .3 Austenitic steels !I! 1...25 > 0.( v.02 0.. rv AOI""" AOI""" . ..040 > 0.....vu II ..VL.. 1=11=2=2=1 Products ..... I Carbonl) :s 0.:1... -1' V_l i-h .. "I' "".+H\_Jl_..10 I""" When range is specified: 0.1i UI .vu III.lUL .04 0.008 0.04 J 0.JHE. ". -s 0....U:::::'pJ.02 0.. VVl_Jll\..50 10. n no") carDon -s 0..-..11.. hot working "..vu © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .!..2. condition and.005 0.. lead to tIle forrnation of carbide precipitates or sigma or other detrimental phases and if it conforms to th_e requirements for tIle mechanical and intercrystalline corrosion tests....040 ()1.v'"' n n"J V.L5 i..

.V 1 l. e: " '''''J \J~\_.03 0....VV0 I\fVl > 0.02 {". Under min.!.L...:.v Aluminium Vanadium > 0. J...vu > 1..040 0..()n ::.04 0. V • ..V 1 0. __ ..02 0.. ..T.} Silicon 1 n n U.04 0.003 0..05 0."-lU .04 I Phosphorus I • I Sulfur :$ n v..004 0.0 :$ 0...50 :0:.-.004 0.v. n nAt:: \.L. fl ".030 ::s 0.-... nh.BSI BS*970: PART*1 9b Section 1 == 1b24bb9 0535248 556 ii BS 970 .vuv r.0 .t::: -....e.\_Jou n.vu 1.03 ~ 0.Ot..-:5 n 'Jh. . V*VVLJ £In.ii V. {\ I-'~ \_'.040 :5 0. 0 .Ut.ed) range Range in which maximum fails Variation on specified Over max....60 :S 1.eu {\ 1 r:: U • .03 0.v .0:30 c.U 0 ..UJ 0.~:.c. 1~ © ESI 1996 7 Institution Copyright by the British Standards Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .20 A " eV..~u ii h..015-0.030 :5 :5 > 0.n nQ '- 0.. .lLl - > 0..L....c: .040 0.80 -s 1.10 V •..6U.HJ.. ...03 v.005 :$ r.. Part 1 Table 3..'J rv ".1.02 0.v.V 0.lU.1.v 0.10 0.V 'J rti:::.1\_h_) > > O~004 n [lnt": \_I.60 I 0.V 0.10 lVlolYDoenum l'Jickel .U ~ .025-0.0 h.1.V .!.15 0.-<. r.'IIi .UU > > n :$ . . '< v..25 -s 2. 3. }-lhosphorus Sl..-. ..vu .003 0. In .\J n ::. ')h v.~JLJ 0_02 0.005 0...50 > 0.1.LD n.lU..05 0...004 0. ..07 O~04 0. :S ."Jr:: V.30 n n"l v.'_I\_I. v":to r.UV ..vu n n'=l v.vv '...0 -s 0.. 0...(}7 1n :$ .03 I v!lfOITUUm ~.vuv \.05 .050 0. \J.030 _ ~ [\ [.. Hi q .. > . > . When range is specified 0.lu. > 0.50 :5 " :5 " nln V • . .\..005 0..~lll:Je CllrOmitlITl . v. .10 0...50 :$ 0. \ 1'+PJ S 0. L:11}t..vu c) Stainless and heat resistinq steels Carbon :5 n n~ v. nQ v._J \1.llfur~) s...50 > 2.\J n 0... 4..l\.030 (\ V.. > .030 > 0.003 0. rtl v. r..040 0...wV.050 0... :5 V..25 > 1.:':c. Permitted Element 'variations of product analysis from specified of specified element range (continu.02 n \J. .J .V ~ . ._ ..

.._ _- - - - - _.. :s 2..V _.. .03 0.. lor tfl€ ... .~t~ \oi:h~n lu...lt: same ruling section as that of the test piece and may not represent larger ruling sections. .rs L 14~2~ l'1-'uterial not supplied in the Jinally I heat treated condition irrrrvnr-t +..LV i. one tensile test and... 111 Ll.. ~ bars ot simuar SIze trom tne same cast and neat treated togetller. A Ht'tU_.. _ I I It::"I II_" fTJ.LLLY . " ..LU :s n ..14.. .... test sarnples may be taken directly from the material and heat treated in the original size...... .......DU :«> may De agreea......... or equivalent dialneter........t:U ..... !n-uchin...05 0. Alternatively.:': l·!lttll::' . one Izod impact test.... . smauer vanations ..ll r·~'·r·ipd rn rf nrl ::iriV h::ilc·h nf oJ .U U.. _ _ 1 .~ __ When required .. whert applicable_ ... 0/ /0 I I I __ • • _ • 1Molvbdcnum I -s 1.. r..2 Selectio:n and prepa.. test samples shall be forged and/or machined to test bars of a diameter. before Ileat treatrnent..- ...03 0. subject to .vu . /0 I Element Rau_gein which maximum of specified element falls Over max.......3 anu 1. ... . .! L_L! c L1- LH·_'~e p~._ and.... · .13 Mecharrical properties In the material specifications included in this Part of BS 970.14.. one lZUUHnpaCt test... II(:"".~.... U.. I t~iobium I Selenium I Titanium ~~--I All ranges All ranges AU ranges _ 0. . 2) For 606~f36... ......1 Tensile srrength of 1225 N/lnn12 or greater \V]lere the tensile strength of aHoy steel is specified as 1225 Nzrnm-' minimum or more._..._ _.... :s lrt n r\ n :s 'In r...LV iii V nit=:. !tt::':'(l. r> • U! ____ peHL:" . corrcspon(llng to tne rtlllng sectIon OT tne IorgIngs . .gsupplied in.LV. .. the properties ontamen are • . .v ...i r. l· 4--l...V 0.. wnere relevant.. .' .....-.... V • . u .08 0..zo :. ...... 1: 14 Selection Subject to the requirements of 1"5"1.\I..12 Heat treatment i ne hear: treatment IO be grven to the test bars and to material required in the finally heat treated condition silall be as specified in tables g.. 11(11" shall be given the representative the parts concerned.2._. :s n u... +.. n _.v ~ . .. I 1.. h . T. ..._.! . 1..~ 4--':-. ..J__ ~4-- CI.05 carbon range over ..L.... one tensile ... . ...03 - by the ...r.ration for tensile and impact tests of test ba.for _.. V '::"V..~ 1._ .05 0.I. :s 'l iI v.L!Vt:::' u...VI n • . to be produced.'1 . 0.. In such cases.in. or three Charpy V-notch impact tests shall be carried out on any batch of material of similar ruling section from the same cast. "" ...:: r.. .1 neat treanng In tne ongmai SIze 'VOllIOnot oe representative of the properties that would be obtained on the forgings or parts to be produced.o r. Subject to tIle requirernents of 1~ 5"I.!l.. _• ~ _~ • I u. ~ U..I_.05 n .....3.14..03 0..L...05 0. -4-.e ... where relevant.... L!Lt.lt:dl....03 0.0 up to ana mciuomg LI..08 0..l testing (rLot applicable to micro-alloyed steels) 1. these tests shall be taken as representing all sizes of material froHl the same cast where the ruling section of the forgings or parts does not exceed the ruling section of the test bar already tested. . !lnalty neat Lreatea conauton The samples shall he cut from the heat treated bars and shall not be further heat treated or Inechanically worked after their removal.2 Bars .14..... 1_..-purchaser .0 ~ '.V n ........ ....IJ!-e~Hl-Cl-.... 7 V. 1 _l_\J.2.... 4--h. ..l_.. or three Charpy V-notch ~.. 1...' test ana.... 1.. _.-_.' V :s ~ > > > > '- i i . cornprisirLg three notches..0 '.. l..V 0....10 n • ......... V r....05 0.... deviations from the sulfur analysis are not specified. \J \1 nn n L. th.. ___________ re.... ~ n ilh.." _~~ ~~__..:.~ ... I_.. agreement wrtn the suppuer.....V V..14... when it is considered either by the purchaser or by the supplier that the results of ......I........ the test bar may be machined to test piec2 size: plus a grinding auowance 11 ret! uired....BSI BS*970i BS 970 Part 1 : 1996 96 1624669 0535249 = Sectio!! 1 I Table I 3... For the purpose of subsequent orders. 10 and 11. ... \ I} . v..1 L.. Permitted varratrons of product analysis from specified range Variation on specified range Under min. heat treatment for and preparatIon of mater'Ial for 111echanica.. all the specified mechanical properties refer to tests taken in the longitudinal direction (see 1. 4-t::':'(1. . Where the ruling section of the material does not differ appreciably from that of the forging or parts 8 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1~::-11) ....~ '-''''' ~'-""-" .. comprising three notches.v F."" . I ...2).

.. the proionganon snau nave a diameter approximately~ equal to the ruling section .. drop forgings or parts and shall be heat treated "'lith the material they represent.. '''I nere integral test samples are required and it is _~-i- IlU!_... .LL lr.. . when a gl"ahl controlled steel is required and unless otherwise agreed] one test sample for the determination of austenitic grain size shall oe selected to represent t:::'(1\_.... ll be selected to represent each cast. NUfE......1 " ... ....4.2.e specified 1. ..14... . See 1.... the test piece shall be prepared in accordance with the following... L... otherwise agreeC1.. .. one test sample selectee to represent each cast shall IJe reduced by forgirlg or rolling to a size not greater than 38 mm diameter .. drop forgings or parts are made.. ~ •• ~.... .. 4-h . or may be additional forgi:ngs... The test bars shall be blank carburized for at least 1 h at a temperature between 880 °C and 930 or After cooling to room temperature.LL ....drop forgings or parts.4-h ..-.+r-. (S€I? tor carbon and carbon manganese 2).1... • .5. of 1....J Number of grain size tests 1: . "VIUbe necessar.... . 01 tne rorgmg or orop rorgmg at tne time or neat treatlnent and it shall not be finally severed until after heat treatment.. size to ensure the complete removal of piece of carburization 25 1rus test [Jar slu!ll also be of sufficie:nt mm diameter.. ~" . . 13 rnm or test bar may he use-a by agreement of 1225 r~/rrtm2 hardness.U l. ..l\J... If a .:i-i .. .. Where int€grai test samples arc not practicable or are not required..... . • •• f ~ _ • ~ _....4--.. ......-..2.....14. .. ..ngs witn rUllng sections equIvalent to a dian-teter of 29 mm (J1 less.3 Location of test pieces for meehurrlcal testing In the general case where longitudinal tests are required.-. .... ... L. .... ~ ... in ITlaehining to t. r.. 1.1e 1'-' Olt. or equivalent diameter.....n LllJ~~-~'CLL..14..t..3 Forgi!!gs.. .r.4 in order to ensure that the rnaterial conforrns to th...15 Frequency of ot.... NOfE. .1. . test bars shall be prepared by forging and/or machining to that size....... .est samples shall be provided.. 4-.... l_.. . .....1 Siee of test ba·'r .LLC:: specified test bar size... ... .. and for parts machined from bars not finally heat treated.. the longitudinal axis of the test pieces snau be 12.... ~ . ~!:J [Hill diameter steels.. 11 _ _ :-'11(1.ne requirements tests 1.lLC hr... ~ . 1..•. b) For ruling sections over 25 mm..~ reneatea to tne SInglequencnIng temperature...... 5..""''''':............ 1...he standard test 1.. ruung SeCT:IOn and heat treatment.. .16. to use an allOY steel tor acceptable c(!:.. ~.." oe neat treated In tne ruu SeCtIOnor tne sample.14.lLa. " ~ .. .. When components of differe:nt ruling section are carburized and heat treated..... 4-.2... ..2 Selection...:... r... •... l. .(1Lt:::.:: .ed parts For forgings and drop forgings with a ruling section integral test samples may be provided by agreement bet"'1een the purer-laser and the supplier.. WHH_:!1 1..(''''I .. ..ro+ ........ ~..:.11 1~1J1t"':'~t"':'1l(' ('1It": hr.e hardertability of the largest section .....::t1 IIlIU. © BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 9 . : .......ll£U ~.l C'oo ... .1. ~ ... on the hardness of the case... " • . ~.l......U\l1._. When transverse tests or tests in other directions are required. the test piece shall be machined coaxially from bars of a diameter. 1-.. different core properties will be obtained.... Oile test sample sh.a.. T:'1e properties specified in section 4 apply only to ruling sections equivalent to the preferred test bars..~dHl1-'.4.. for small forgings arld drop .. Or\. tests may be taken in an alternative direction and the properties obtained shall be subject to agreement betweerl the purchaser a:nd the supplier (see 1.... .1.... otherwise agreed.5 mm from the surface of the test bars.. The test samples shall be forged and/or machined to test a) ror runng sections up to ana lncluDlng zn mm.' sizes. but for sizes smaller than 13 mm diameter for carbon and carbon manganese steels and for sizes smaller than 19 rnm diarLleter for alloy steels.(UJ!e l.. q{ samples Subject to tIle requirernellts of 1=5" 1. . they shall be ~ .... wherl a prolongation shall be provided on an agreed proportion of forgings or drop forgings..~).. For example.. the test bar shan .15..·!\_t::' l..her tests TIle manufacturer shall carry out sufficient tests ill accordance with 1. Unless ....... " ... Similarly) it may be i1f'cessar:v'"to agree mechanical properties when the test I•• sample size is less than the specified lest bar sizes... ...lle L~"'l. ..4...... evert if a low core strength suffices it . ~ ..~ '_)! l.. tile supplier.... . as ._r.... .......SSI BS*970: PART*1 96 ..... i uirecuon....... purchaser and e the test bars.~ HI.. ~.. lUll .. ~ ..........o.~ III ~""'r'O..h Jl)II~H. I' ...... .............C"1':") N(JTE.:r...".. stated in table 9 and quenched in oil.. Number of hardenahiltty 2 Subject to i...... ... 1. These shall be provided from the bars or billets from which the forgillgs. ractors sucn as steer composmon...::'U~JCCt to the requirements of 1"5"1...11 . 2. ~.t::'~l.... ... material..... corresponding to the ruling section of the forgings. ute +t.16.t. ....14.. . F()r alloy steels with a tensile strength or greater. drop jorgiiigs «lid ffl-uchin...rne test bar size Shall ne 1~ mm uiarneter. TIle nUITtber of tests shall be agreed between th.5.. separate t.3 and 1. 1b24b69 0535250 104 == BS 970 Section l Part 1 1996 1..14...!C..2.. the location of the test pieces and values for mechanical properties sllall be agreed between the purchaser and the supplier. I' _" _ equivaient to a mameter greater tnan • .... .H ....... . unless ..1J!iU. 1 ~!Z. . a.. 1'.. 1... lorgJ.. .. lr... "" _..

..t .... --..-.J.. and y ...~ . '-'.... then the material is deer-ned metnou given . . J..... ~..!t!!!S!!C • _ L .. rrus test shall be carried out in accordance with BS Et~ l0045~ 1" I the product having the largest equivalent in the batch..... .. .. r.. "".n .". ... HOvvever. .. • .. NOTE. +1- 1. L...4--" ... '1'l~U.) test piece or.1~l·I_::H!t U l. .. 1. • specmeu In tame 11 rouoweu oy cooung In suu air..... 'ro' .2J.J 'T'TO IiliQ7 I • the following prope:rties shall be deterrnined for purposes unless otherwise ~~_~ steels...... .. #"">.l£ll..16~1~4 The properties .3. acceptatJle. '-......!tt.UJ.... l_I!Ul_'1 ". 1'" +-. 0'-' +"r.. and the value obtairled shall conform to the specified requirements. . _1 • a + l... Graphs for the comparison of the various given in annex A.... the 0. bars. .. +_...0 % proof stress (Rn1.5 Grain size test wnn tne appropriate •.H'eH.U1e +'11 ~ 11 ¥ t::t::r. 4-1I_e~H. provided it is not less than 70 ~6of that value...::: \j.2 In cases of dispute....... test... shall be measured vvhen specifically ordered...65""...17.1.. yH::_':!U"'L!e..+ ... 4-.. . unmachined test pieces having a gauge length equal to 5. .. +1." BS 427 and of tne suppuer or ror material not greater tnan 10 mm diameter or width across flats.It:::'. diameter b) Izod impact. ..1..:'l·t'IUL!t_: ~l.es to be verified shall be selected by the purchaser ..~ .1 The tensile test shall De carneu out in accordance with HS Et~ lOOO~-l..r. In cases of dispute. A bend test piece shall be prepared and tested in accordance with BS 5903.." accordance with BS 44.. _-4-- l_·leo... .. forgings b ana urop rorgings to tne rnmensions 01 tne 11. to tne dimensions of the largest recommended round test piece that can be obtained having it gauge length equal to o....U /\ I"': 0/ /0 proof stress (total elongation).n....BS 970 SSI BS*970: PART*1 96 Part 1 : 1996 == 1624669 0535251 040 II Section 1 1. may be determined..J ..o). This test shall be carried out to i in accordance with BS J...I(e...... If either value satisfies the value of the yield strengt.37.) If specified an. ro •• .:+.:"" ..... .1"_'! (t·U_...3 Hardness test The hardness test shall be ca:rTied out: a) using the Brinell method in accordance with BS 240 using..0 % proof stress may only be ordered wllerL appropriate for the rrtate:ri8J specified... vel .} \.. 4--1-....~""':"".. . rnachined from bloOTHS. NGrE.... 1. ...J'-.:.....15..l1 vv ._ 1..E"'I iV -. ...... It.. rne choice shall be made by the supptier.16.-..JtJ ball and a load of 3000 kg....:4--1....-.lJ..lt:Htt:_':Hl'':' . t(tO.._.. if any test sample or test pieCe fails to conform to the requirements of 1...... . where possihle.-. ~. OlU-'Jt't_:L I_.j_lI~ When specifically ordered and permitted by the material specification.. .--.U_.5.!.L• .. r.....d agreed at the time of enquir .....~ 11 !eL~"!_..5 ?i proof stress (total elongation).._ C(.. ... +-i.. ~ '.llH:':'U UL_.....O .....17. • ...... . It is not possible to convert values from onE' type of irrtpact test to the other. upPt'! .......r.4-. The average value of tIle results obtained for three notches shall conform to the relevant requirements of the ITtaterial specificaticlH.. • _ r.....6. /.. ill tl:. The vaJu..... .. in accordance H grades are It}11 DQ 1_}I.r. ..... These are for guidance only....... D U! ~_ Lltt' .l"...'!i ~!tGU! be carried out as specified in 1... and/or the 1.....16 Test methods and test resurts "II "II r"II ..-... . t_:a... RtO.-.!.. shall be determined. .. I-.. . .'tpO..rea..Ut:_':It't_ll_H.. NOTE.4 Number of Intercrystalline corrosion tests (Applicable to austenitic stainless steels only.6 Intercrystalfine corrosion test (applicable to austenitic stainless steels only).. illets....~neral L'...'_.... One individual value may be belovl the specified value.. agreed. \_) 1\11 LIlt"":'l.~U'~. J . ... vel . . +~"'rt at...-..!'1 . lH thJ\J 11 1.1I11t":' _ " _...1".... Either one or other of the following tests shall be carried out......·!te! L-.. 1ft 1....t'e. . u..+1-.2 to 1... • .. !_.... ........ ~ "". .5...1 l." -4---. .rther test Sampl€{. racnorotlUOI-U L\.. • .. . see 1"7.-....t·!ut'Hl· U(. and except as provided in 1. . l·He ...16. .I.... .. oroer.. tcnsuc test pieces shall be . .... -r -rc.. . one mtercrystaume corrosion test snau De .... . ~ I ..rne 1..eUlpt'..... ..4.....1_... requirement.oo '\/:::}o...... ...-J ... 1~16~1~3 When agreed between the purchaser artd ....t..... .16. 2) of non-austenitic steels shalt be measured and the value obtained shall conform LV L!Le specified h. 10 Copyright by the British Standards Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 Institution © ESI 1996 .. . or b) using Vickers and Rockwell methods WAUl QQi_a_..16.. ~ ... specified . .1. . test L 1.4-..4 Hardenahlfity Hardenability test matenai specmcanon or on tne oruer snau De tor the yield strength Re of non-austenitic acceptance D!!.. _ .......r>h 4 F~""" a) GPvarpy V-notd: impact test. if the test bar is too small.. .... 1. l......~ ~~._ fr'~ 1... ·D. _.. T~-t-h T VV tests shall be carried out in determined and the results obtained shall conform to the requirements...t. ..... ...> U/ 10 ..28 min diameter (100 mm-' cross-sectional a....1. 1.s_Jsnau ne retest eo In accordance ... J...J"GYfE.... 1... .16.. \..! ..... _._... ill tIle relevant ..1 .16.So may be used.... the test results shall be discarded artd a fu.. Considerable caution should be exercised when converting from one hardness scale to another and in cases of dispute thp BrineH hardness test shall be used.1 .2 96proof stress (non-proportional elongation) (Rpo. l'-. aJ....... ... • " incorrect test procedure or faulty equipment.16 as a result of .--. D ....JL1!J\.. the 0..: _L.. "" .. -4--.L"_'..... It shall be sensitized by IIt'dl. Other methods may be used by agreement bet\veen the purchaser and the supplier.~... a 10 111m diarneter hardness testing in accordance n\:.-. - 1"<-" .. slabs... ...... 4--1.

.1. 1 tHen . 1 __ tIle material J-.. If this marking is required it shall be stated 011 the enquiry and order (see also 1....." ...2 Should the hardness results obtained on all the retest iterrls COnfOITll to specification requirements. 1. 1.. one of which shall be taken from the bar....... fail to co:nfo:rrn to the specified requirements.... . L 17~2~2 The Inechanical properties obt.... or any combinations of tnese.... • ... three additional test pieces shall be taken from the same .. twice the original number of test samples shall be selected for retesting.. Dar. the manufacturer srLall supply a certificate stating the cast analysis of the material... unless that item has heen withdraw:n by the manufacturer.' ... _ ~ ..~~ • .. ... t~c...17.. unless that item has been withdrawn by the manufacturer. ~.~.vtJ'-' 1..-...e requirerne:nts of this Part of BS 970... Failing this.emerrt In tne case or matcnai suppnen m the heat treated condition.peCIIH':'GI !LI!L.17.4 regarding the marking of lead containing steels).. drop forging or macI-tirted part..nOUIO any 01 tne original test pieces tail.8.. I ~'-lUH ~-!' t:::'HlelU·... __ _ _ __ _ ~1 ~ ~ ~1 • l' ..--'. "L...muet." ..&...:~l __ LHldll .. rrom tne items snowing the widest deviation. . .ed frorn the test pieces prepared from the further test samples shall conform to the specified requirements..... shall be deemed to conform to trus rart of 07"'--. . bar.. then tensile test pieces may be prepareu.BSI BS*970~ PART*1 96 == 1624669 0535252 T87 II BS 970 .~~ _~ . .... u.......3 In the case of material supplied in the heat treated conditioni the manufacturer shall ['Lave the right to re!leat treat the material and resubmit it for testing. ._. tfi€ •1 ..-...5 Hardenabllity I' . urop forging or machined part..!!Lai one 01 \'" HH":H ~!ta!! ne tne ongmai DIOOffi...:: _ " .......... © BSI 1996 11 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ._ ... .... then an adequate number of items ..:~_ ~~~ L.. the reduction from the as-cast state (see artd 1. __ .~ l·ILe .... Values not conrorrrung to the speCIfIed requirements.....1 If the average of three impact values is lower than tl-te specified value.....17..." .... • -. T . 1. .me average value or tne SIX tests shall he not less than the specified valuo .. Should any of the retests fail..."'" l. Slao. ...nt provisions of BS 5903 shall apply. (_Ii . the heat treatment. . --. l_J~ 1 " • _... ::1!lUUIULIte re~UIL~ obtained .ebt. ". forging or drop forging from which the original test sample was taken.. I ..1'I.. billet.....17...... the results of the ITtecllardcal or other tests..ser's representative.·1.17. • If the purchaser requires special marking to be applied to the rnateria..... 9 Manufacturer's 1 sfat. . .4..l then the manner of marking shall be the subject of agreement between the purchaser and tile supplier. shall be so stated on the enquiry and order. • _ •• Should trte results of either of these tests fail to conrorm to tne specinec requirements and this is confirmed on retesting...t more "[nan 1'. \IV -• nen matenai IS to De Inspected. and grain Size tests .1 :..... 1~17~3 Chaj_-l'Y·V. .. \.uu Part 1 "'''''''''''''''A.7~2).. and Izod Impact tests 1. . above and/or below the agreed hardness range..not... the manufacturer shall rLilve the right to reheat treat the materia! and resubrnit it for testing. Tile releva. then the batch shall be deemed to conform to this Part of BS 970.llrro..-J ~.. _ .17. sample ana testen...{lhen requested. . .. . .. .. .. TIle document supplied shall state t.ch impact....11 l-.. _ 1 ..\/0 01 tne morviuuar values may ne lower than the specified value and not more than one rtlay be lower than 70 7~of this value.17..... slab. t ~ !-!'!~_L!_. . forging. .::-.. .... ...." ....he steelmakirtg and casting process and. If required by the order. and tested In the presence of the purcha.... billet. L 17~4~3 Should any retest item exhibit hardness .2 Tenslle tests 1. rorgmg. 1.... .2... .ele'_~l.. or if any VIle value is lower than 70 ~iof this specified value. ~.e~l. . .1. 1.: _L' ... He shall be at liberty to inspect the manufacture at arLY stage and to witness the required tests.Ul lel. the batch represented by the original tests may be rerLeat treated and resubmitted for testing.1....::. .18 Inspection The purchaser or his representative shall have access at all reasonable times to those parts ()f the rnanufacturer's vlorks engaged on the order.. 1.-. ~£ 1__ 11 ..1 S110uld tile hardness value determined on 4 any bloom.ai:n. ....-4--.. 1.. .eu_ 1.. . the material shall be deerned not to conform to this Part of BS 970. ......' . as appucaoie...2..3.:-. the material represented shall be deemed not to conform to th. !. rrom sucn tensue test pieces contorm to the tensue .ti Intercrystal1ine corrosion test - ..

• working temperature and. see Category 1 steels shall be used for new uesigns and for established designs whenever possible. due account shall be taken of those elements which may form this constltuent. however. ana softened and micro-aiioyed carbon 2"1 Specific requirements for as-rolled and as-rolled and softened steels NOTE. Nl ana \'_. TIle chemical cornpositiorL and rnecharlical properties shall be as given in tame 4. an alternative route to obtaining hardness and tensile strength normally associated with medium carbon and alloy steels in the hardened and tempered condition. together with control of hot •• . In. ana In tne ' finished condition have a Ierrite/pearlite structure.BS 970 -.e~ They offer. e. according to the particular end conditiorls and strength grade required... •• • ~. lVlO. for certain appli(ations. For requirements section 3. Since the analysis of the steel necessary to attain the specified :properties depends on processing conditions and section size. metallurgical advice shall be sought.li.. subsequent air cooung .st. :l) For thitoreason the use of separate test bars is not recommended © BSI i996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .p~ls inf'lHdpc1 in this clause develop their properties by the addition of small amounts of vanadium or other micro-alloying clements. free frOTH rJHHIlt. it is not possible to state specific analysis requirements.. \IV nen necessary. <)\ ~. NOTE 2.g. cr. order to be free from bainite. 2.lVln.2 Specific r'eqtrlrementa for micro . Ths. the analysis.. shall be selected Irom witlli!l the broad range giVerl in table 5. alloyed carbon manganese steels NOTE 1. for through hardening steels.. 1b aid machinabilitYl it may be necessary for the microstructure of the forged part to be agreed.

..t..J 00 000 o ti:J o 0 o sc UJ o I.101 1a7 .l r.Section Z BSI 1b24bb9 85T == Part 1 1996 .S s o (01 t- t. ~I . Ip I L-- t- 0 0 000 OJ t-.. . ~ r. ~ 10 0 Ol~ S~ ~ Q) u~ c000 \.100 \~ ... .0 ~ 000 C-.t-0 0 t-0 t-- "0 10 0 0 ti~ IJ I iES I(] ~I v.~ ~--------------------- ... . .. <C ~--------------------il..U iii cd U © BSI 1~)!-}6 1'l Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . "" .I..---! ("..'J. '-. 0' .1 I o LIj ..... '''' 0 1 3 e = S ... .... l'ii I~ . W ~ ~ . .--_ .. sf-----------c.

--+-------u ~ ell ~t ~ ... I". t= .J ~J ~-----~-------- ~ 1=~t= r: - ~~ E ~ S ~ ~------~------I":::' ~ t.. & .BS 970 BSI BS*970= Part 1 : i996 PART*1 9b II 16246b9 0535255 796 == Section Z Ita:l :::: o: lf I~ .. I~ ."'. L___+ o C'-. e e '" ~~----------t i 8- L... -:::J t ~ ~ .~ ~~I---o-·----- 14 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © ESI 1096 . ill 1- r.i.j .1 o 00 o c _ 1 "~ ~~i------- "..:i l"~ ea I~---..0 I_I"') ~E C.:: o l.-01 ·--:-'--:-:--=l 10 kG! ::...

_ _')_r_s_l_i_r_f_a __l:_e_....40-1.1_..LV v.025 max. r ~"'QDi .V~D ~A~l .1_. \...3....e ..70-1. _t_ta. S U.90-1..___ 'I l\HI_J.36-u.(j5 1...uv I 0"- c._I_-:. -'11 c'.50 X P + Sn ::5 0.00 O)~ U.iI g_t .70 0.50 3....~v ')(I v... ")Q ii. _ ...~O-'-'.60 O. w ~jleCIIIC by nttl-ei<liIlg ._f'_:i_f_..0u 00 I)_ 0.~O : in an_l .70 0. t A X r "+ ..45-0. [-'1_3._' (\ .40-0. ...-._I_c_._ '11 . S U..vv Others '-± 708JVI40 709lV140 0.c::: 0.fi5 0..L....36-0._~_r_IL_i_c_--a_...0V 0 Clf\ 0 I O..00-3.. requirements .90-1._I_4' .. '_}_OL) 1\ qc:: V..._~r__t!_.t:l:0 r.25-0.(_I_r_l . ..80 0... fV1 nn _. Specific requirements for steels for suface hardening by rutnumg shall be as given in table 6.15-0... ~_~ I ..OV-0.J._j_O-\J.U ... n'_Ji_JIYlp~)o:1 P 0.._e_r_I:'_...e .44 rv II 0._ r.30 0 4 x P + Sn :::::0_10 max..1624669 622 == BS 970 Part 1 1996 £"'f eJectIOn JI • .~v-v._o_r_l_I:r_I_c_ls_:_.OO-..._r_I:.:1 Chemical composition .'~ _.U20 max.t __:r_-_:i'_1_:i_r_lg_. b_l_e_J_f_i_.10 P 0._t_Ip.-.025 max. ..40-0. 'In v.12 897rv!39 U..0_25 nnt:1\IfQn.::: ~:n \1. ... C'o V 0_15 .45-0.25 4 x P + Sn ~ 0.'"'u onl ...0D-U.44 0.::_..45-0.....70 I c..10 4 4 X P+ OJ« :5 II I h V."'±O 1\ 11') 0.!o' SU:::~~1 ~ '-' Mo r. .t_. © BSI 1996 15 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .80-1.40-0.._. " ~J c.:_.35 0.L.

.L!. the use of an appropriate alloy steel may lu:.. .!.. . ..8S1 BS*970: PART*1 96 BS 970 Part 1~ == • 1b24669 0535257 569 == Section rfirli.. L V'--' '-' ... 1-ii:..• .!...lloy steels (see tame 10).. as wit!l sorne A other sections. U. If water hardening is not an option because of distortion.-:::::JI CaSe-llarf1ening ~ ~ . the steels have been divided into In selecting a case-hardening steel for components with larger section sizes.• ..ld be used uesigns vvllenever possible... (" ~ 1 where core strerLgth requirenlents are not higjl and a carbon or an aHOYsteel at tne lO\Veno 01 tne range would give the required core strength. . . attention has t. '--'.._r -----'-_.!.. dditionally..:tsp-h::1rdnpss A-J ~-~"~-J v ..!...!....-"~ ~_"'~..~.a::..!.. l1tbles 7 to 9 give reqllirernents for carbon or alloy two categories.:::t{-'hi~\7P 'i::iti..!.~t~V tn .-'."i'iiirur. A '-"'!. Categor-y 1 steels shou.. " •• -. ._. •• ..!.. . This applies particularly ~ .. "-H~'-·P"'Ii.po • 16 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . ~ -. Attention is drawn to tne advantages or specnying hardenability requirements for a.! ..f.:H·tnJ. for new designs and for established case-hardening steels .. • .l.'-".o be given to achieving the required surface llard:ness as w-ell as the core properties.__.

. ... oj C'J l~l ti ti I~I I <. f--------!I Soo~~j~la. j~ j-..~ H __ I '--------i :"l 1!4TO) R ...r:i H 1------1 ~ ~ ~ C>':l ~j~1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ • ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ .~. 1 I e-. . ~ ~J.1 . .Ij ~! '5 ~ t"'! .. ~ .... I H l~l ti lei c tN ci "". o C"'::..J lC ~ ~ C'j f--------! ~i ~1~lwi : "" I ::. .... I i . .:= .. ~ . I~I I~I :. 1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~.. I . E-!>---< ..BSI BS*970: SectiO!l4 . c.. I~I .. 11 ii L~ . • ~J' - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ """ ~ ~ : • =J. Part 1 t. "~ <1>. LD PART*1 96 ... n 1 ..~ :oc.11 H ti I~I ...1 ~~ ."1 C~ Ie 1-- 0 C'J r.) o o i o -. . .. ~ ~ ~i ~ . j j I I I o co I~ o ... 1624669 0535258 4T5 II BS 970 ..-J C'J H I ~~ I 1 .. . '''' I c i-C'J . ._ I o o o if.----..: IO! •• 1 10 ........ .~." 10 1 " " o 00 ~j "'" ~. I A I~I i j 1.::t' ~ iCQQlD:.. ~ .ll lei I~I . ~ .'T.. o D!YI :0 " ©BSI1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 17 .. ~ ~-~ ~ 91 """I .. .":l C<i 01 ~I I . ...~ t- I H ~ C~j C--J t- 'o::t' a Ctj CT:. c: _" u c: CT'j Ii co. .r:J ~ ~ III 1------1 ~ ~ ~ ...0 i o .d11 j~ ~ ~ L... ... ~ C-..... ~ E: E: .

::tC':l w ".~ I I ~I I~I ~ 91 ~ SI H I I 18 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1995 .BS 970 I Par't ! I Section 4 lei I~I '''' I ~~I 11 I ~C'-l i~i r:lI I e5 H -... H R I_I I iO I INI W I ~I I~I I~I H I ~~ I 00 C'<l 0: 00 C'..J LI') -:::t' II) C":l H I~I I 1::0 C\J I~I 11 I C":l C'-J t. ~-l 1:1 n I t--= 11 I iGll I H I~I r---i I!..

.. n 10 ............ I o . ~\ ~( I.... ~ 9J I . .......I.' r:......... \Z .J m cv:J . CQ I""""'i ~ ~ 10 ~ © . c:.......~ ........... C-...~ --... OJ 00 Ctl I""""'i cv:J ..... fiJ. I~ w crJ ..... ~I ... 00 . ... .....-..~ I~_· Ii :'" ©BSI1996 Copyright by the British Standards Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 Institution 10 .. 00 ...... c-r Q") ..... <:) ~ c:j C ............ I S E ... ~\ ... o ~ ~ = 19 . Q ~ ~0 0 OJ o tO o :.". . r-=I [~ . ~ Q':I en C-. I 10 l~ .......BSI 8S*970: ~A~I*1 96 II 1624669 0535260 053 II BS 970 Part 1 t IO? ... ...... L' ~I ... ~ . =' I. ~g C0 o ... © . 0 ~ ~ . C'] ~ C'-] I""""'i CQ .. 00 . .......J 00 .... .. C V ........

.1 C'i C~ ". ~ """'-! ~ """'-! ~ g-s L...... Ig g ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i i j iii o lI.......J o CJ~ 1'3--~ J"IoooI "'-i ~ Q """'I 0 o o r-1 00 o LI"J 00 o CO o .J C. o 8 a VI fJ'J lD t0 t1_Q C:.' to i-.J Lr") to C~ 0 C'l C'~ C I I ~~ ~ .~ C-l ~-l ~j ~\~ ~~ U~ C'':] U~ C-l i.. ~ c:::J oaoooooc ."::l C.'j o Vi 0.C t.BST DAh)Twi r 1"'\1.. o c...C:....aaac~a~o ac:)oooooc C (}~ (}~ Q~OOOOOC \...q..aooooo~ II t- e t- aaooooo ~ c~ ~ c~ ~-l ~ ~ iJ.Q tQ l. Section 4 G'..\... © t.. t::': LI"'\ Q~ 0 o CCCc cc:.1 G'..j 0 C-.....~ Lt~ ~-~~~~F"""lC'j~ aa ~-l ~ a ~'l u~ u~ 0 C aaoooooc g~g~~~r2888 10 Iii 0~~~~~~~~ u .\'~. CiJcr-.. L0 N C'l LrJ _.) -.~Jt ~~ 17::' c7::' C~ C.. Ig I I <!l i © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .....':J 0 0 0~ io i C o 0 c) 0 Q c:) c:5 c:5 CQ~OJOC cj c:) ~Q l. o C....J i1~ C'J '"::::f'! 0 C':] C QQ0 0 ~ 0 It":l 00000000 ~J l.......J It... t.o 0 o 0""'" c ~~~8~~~~~~~~~~~~~g oo~ C:. LG o .... ~ os 0'..u BS 970 F"'art 1 : 1996 96 == 1624b69 0535261 T9T .lO~~ ~ ~ C~ ~ ~ ccoooooc I L::V nn I~ I II- Ii !'I~ I~ 100 I ...

18 c~ ~ g C<l ~ i I IOUJao ......) . .. so if. a ._ .. .. E. . C t......... ........ . ... 00 00 co 00 .. .. r...... 1- N !' ...:] ~ lu~t--~~ \~ I I ~ G'r'5 ~ 10 ! C\! 10 II I 10 I'!""""! 0 10 \~ I~ I~ o 0 t.C:~ I •• \e 51 I ... 0 0 ~ 0 .::. rr-.... _§ .:] 0 C-l 0 C'l ~ In C'l LG i. ......1 C'l (01 C'l Cfj ~ C-l cr. . :9 .~ectlon 4: BSI BS*970: PART*1 96 == 1624669 05352b2 92b .. . I \e.--< Q'j .... .. a C c:J ~ 0 0 ~ I G'J I..... " c: ....... ........ IQ I 10 0 (0 0 e- a \0 a q~ 071 li~ Q ooC o0 C'l C'l 000 so ~ "'i'! C''l 0 00 '!"""""'! ! 52 C'i §' C'I I I © BSI 1996 21 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. BS 970 Part 1 .. -.......... m '"' .......... . IJ 0 P 0 ! I ~ C~:J 0 \0 .. .. .......

rr I ~_j_ 0l)'''' 930-950 82()-<'?40 207 '" rr L:!..VI orv: rr .-. . -_.1808H17 1808!v!17 22 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © ESI i996 . Auetenirizing temperature tsars and I Forgings and bars for machlnlng billets for forging INormalized .207 "-1 820-840 637H17 h0''''iinl1/'. -925 925 G)i1r')' "'"'VI "VI ".. VI 207 ~!.1"'"llKOn OUD1Vl~~ c)...v.. r 820-840 820-840 ~.10111J 880-900 800-820 1830 : 21"7 930-950 665H20 930-950 1 925 1 Z!~D n~~ .. I Hardening temperature ~------~.LP".d Requirements hardcnabtlrty for test Iititxi:n..iCallYI=~malized i I [tempered _ ! I I __. ! '. 9... - u"-tU...:i ! \jarDon..nn" V"P_}\_' ! 2101\115 &llOY ~neelS 900-930 _ ... 930~950 207 . Case hardening steei~: Ileal lCealJu.-7 6651v!2() .l.- .I. 1624669 0535263 862 Part 1 == Section 4 I 'Iable ...: 925 820=840 : G)G)iJ .... vvv .805IvI20 : .207 207 207 207 6651123 .... I ~!.... carnon manganese • _ .!p!! ~~.L r» __ TT~ ~ os t rr 01'7 I 820-84-0 0:...~.-----------..~~n.~ Category 1-'-1 Category 2-'-J Preheat treatment temperature . ~_~_ _ ~ P$!..:::. - . 925 207 207 207 207 523!v115 5271'~117 590H17 590rv117 cr 217 870 925 207 207 ~_jl " ~l! 1 ....~u-840 930-950 820-840 ?:0t::Ulh VUl1J...1liIit hardness requirements Maximum hardness HB (when specified order) in the condition delivery of on the! .eu.. 708H20 708Ni20 8061117 805H20 80til l'f17 i 820-840 820-840 930-950 830-840 Y:!JU-950 1207 .• SleetS ! 0451\110 900-930 I\{\I\ 080M15 130r¥f15 214rvi15 .L "".I. rt .L.-.------~.-.as 970 8SI BS*970i PART*1 96 ..~.. VUI. 207 ~!.7 I I_V' 9.-----------~ : . r 1 ci)G)n w~i7 925 .l .-" I orvr .l.:su-950 820-840 925 207 lon.l..:1 l____------.. I .l.nl''''.V i::~0lil ~ ~0u-950 820-840 t.. VVU.t a!!.l..

t.J\_' U'){\ OL:V-Ol.JI w..._J 880-900 OL'''} - I 277 ':..1.)IJ) Shall also be stress relieved at a temperature not pxceeding 200 0(.00 r....~lllp~r~11 An~ t1. ~_ . \ temneratnre . : 18151\'117 ~LV.". 0.: 248 248 cvrrrr 1~' .~..J. bars for machining 1 • _ _ _ I JNormaiized j"e Oi~Ul'7 (_)j_Oll_1_ f AnA I O'7ry ...!1_!! ~ 820-840 (". I crttfeally annealed \NOrw... " 241 880-900 1 nnATT"1 !./..!-U 0'" 277 RRO-~OO : I V..allzea.l._'lVlj_.. £'I . Preheat treatment temperature I Austenit.5.I. Catezorv 11) -J ~------~~~~~----~----~.".117 I 830 O.izing I tsars and I temperature I biHets for I I forging I .::::o I . land 1 . .~ .lr..I ~brgings and. t1DV I .~~ \ ~vDt110 ...". r:: 0"" OLV'''~! C'I"'f\~()\ 277 'n See note to 1." I Suh- 1_~ t:'0V- ". _ 'I I I Requirements hardenabtllty for test Maximum hardness order) in the condition ~f deliv'.. \ 00 t:: 1l1r 1 IOd.\ .lU \ .. vuv QQG)iiff10 : 1 I1 n"'~TT"1'" UUi<a.535264 7T9 BS 970 == I ! "". 8201'. Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .a. wI 1 .1'1.. ! Hardening Category 21) ..L1 Q')')i-il 7 255 255 I 8221v117 Ou~Ll1u Oc)u)TT1 C) 820-8/10 880-900 800-~::!() 830 Q'). \ 1 I) I "'...ry HB (when suecifred on the \ ---.Section 4 BSI 96 .

0 ~bmolybdenum. 'Iables 10 and 11 specify requirements for fcrritic. 310 831 both as forgings and as-cast or rolled Especially in the case of austenitic steels.. the removal limits and for certain unstabilized steels.. ana tne neat resisnng steel products.. F~rt 1 PART*1 9b == 1624669 0535265 b35 == oectaon .. opeC!IlC . r. martensitic and austenitic stainless steels in the ...-. . . 3...stalnless ana .... ....U .. changes have been made to take into account agreerflerlts that have been reached In mternanonai harmonization discussions and lllainly concern the cnenucar composmon ranges. -- ..... ~ © nSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . .. . . . form at rorgmgs. ..l1ge 2.. ._n.8):1 . • . '. '. 11 . fj~~"(U. steelS ..~_. ..25 % to :).. the )'-0.5 9h and 2_5 % to ....rne cnanges mcruue tIle introduction of 2..' .r.0 % molybdenum ranges in place of the single r3... . rT'01I 11 _ • 11 11 of the previous minimum silicon and rnanganese chromium range has been widened allowing cnrorruum down to 1'/.. ~- . _ BS 970 .0 % to 2....

.. ... . .::': 1 -: 01 ~I '-II 01 C":ll . <0 12 §I .. a -!'-ot! ! ! ! ! i i. . . .'>11 ! ! iCiO eo ec lOOOO NColC\l ___... . .. . .: •....-.-... .... "" I ... ~~g ~~8<:D cr~ to 6 o '" I---------i ...... .:. g 01 £r-0 ~I ~ ~I [ :s ~~o~· 0 ~ ...- I---------i.. .. I . t ! M f\'!! ~ h ~I I'"":' ... I ---.. .. ...c ] ~ -.A. ~ EE EE ggf6f2 VI E E _S S E~86 ""~..... . . . 1\ ~I ~I I ~ ...... .:.. I I II 1-------1.u I...c . ... ..... '-' o~· o I o I ~o :33 ~o~· ~o~· ~ __ ~I~ ~Is 1oMoI1-'" ~ I ~ ~l ~t.. ... . I § ~I I""" ~I .. . «>'" VI /\ SE EB co cc ~~ ~l o:a~ \1 ... It:. 1.... ""' ..:... i. .::1 I . . I ~ ~I ..J I---------i 10 01 "". .~ I~ IE . C"\!oo ~tet2 ! ! ~-~~o~o <> Lr. \1 10 01 t':.. .. .tJ 0<i. VI /\ 6E ~I I ~11 . . .1 ..""1 V!! ~ ! . . ..1 I~ ~I I------l. I I I 01 e-JI 001 "'~~ "'ccc ec . ...-. .'" o~·_ ~ _ cO ~_'.. .. . !. Part 1 i996 i. . .~ .. I~ ..:. '-11 o cc o o <0 10 I' I~ 01. cI. .. Ii .0: ~I~~ """1 ~ "'" -- © BS! 1996 25 i opyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .--l'- o o r-.~.. .<" . ~ ... I V! I~ I~.0 ... . . I i II. . . .. ~ .. .~ ....>« .r._:] 1 ID I- I¢ .. . j~ E eij e:i'J " I. I I r: VI A s:?~ I ~~.1 L___J o . .. t e-.. . .! . .. . .... '" i co i o cc . "L'_ c» o I[~~ c:1 001 I J 01 JI 10 I e~ ~I ~ . P"J_ 10 I 00 I cc . PART*1 96 ~ 1624669 05352bb 57L . .. ... .. .. . ~... .____. ~ .. I 8~ cc c- i "" N . ... . t.I I I y ~I ! ... !I i2 .. .t) . o ~Q -n 1I \P ~Ic ~ I I~~ ~I ~ ~ 01 . ""'" . . I""..""1.. .. o~· ~ 9 . 01 -I . 10 IN 01 I~ 1. . .. . '" I's I~ . . . .. C-~_ ~I f21 .. . ... ..q I~ L<~I :or . I---------i Is 91 I...SSI BS~970.!.. I-~ [0 i ~ [_ .... 100 ...I '-:1 -I o § o g cO o o o o '" o o o 01 .. I I ~ 5 '" 00' ..1 II .0 rIJ I~ . ... 10 1M 10 I _' 1'-' ..... ~ .... I ci o o '0 o o cc . ..~ i ..

. Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .l c~ f\j e.II ~gl'_ iiiii 1624669 D5352b7 408 !!! Section 5 1~ .. j Ice '''' .. I~ IZ: I=- :~ I~ lB i"" . . ~ .. A.«> '-"0 . .c- .:j . © BSI 1991!.8S970 Part . '''' ...i ~~8~~~88~~~~~~~ o0d 0 0 C0 0 Q 0 0: ci ci ci ci ci . II~ ...1= ... I~ l... ~ &. I'. If. . ~ '" i o o <:'-l~eqCQN ~ ~ ~ ~ 55 ~~g~g w C.: ..

.run 1/250 in any unit length.... NOTE. ... 6..... .... Dar Tolerances shall be in accorda.. .... .... .....~ BIllets ana nars for :torging . O"Jn. 6l:2 Mass/unit length toleI'ances L'1e standard tolerance on length for random lerLgth bars shall be 600 mm..!~. Inay be agreed between the purchaser Billets for forging shall be supplied in accordance witll table .& .n_ce with tables 13 to 15. Black bar 2 The sizes of bars shall be selected tram NOTE... ana .... ..3. HlaCK ... ..1 Sizes 6~I: 1 Billets for forgin. 6. . 1624669 0535268 344 ~ as 970 Part 1 1996 c... .. A 6. . Billets and bars for forging shall be straight to wu.1 96 .2 Drop and press forgings and upset forgings made on :b.. 6~3rJimensional tolera.a.. © BSI 1996 27 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .1.. Closer tolerances and the supplier. Sizes other than those in BS 5722 may be available.4. ..aSI DV ..g Billets for forging shall be supplied in accordance with the nominal sizes given in table 12..nces o..... .4....." roierances ~peCIIIC -. '" .. r>' . tl. . r u...... 6.r Ia ..1 Billets and bars for machining Billets and bars for machining shall be straiglltened to vvitlli:n 2 mm in any 1 m length........Ol~izOllt$i1 forgillg machfnes izrop ana press IorgIngs ana upset rorgmgs mane on horizontal forging machines shall conform to BS 4114 unless otherwise agreed between the purchaser and the supplier....·- reumrements .. g~".

' t1V when a maximum +0 150 155 160 -5' 98 100 105 108 110 115 120 12'7 130 140 I 7Ji n .!D . 1129.O 180 185 I 89.dardIl!aSSpel~ Inetre and tolerallces Round billets on Nominal Standard mass kg/In Permissible mass variations en Round cornered square blllets!38) Standard mass kg/m variations size-v. \J 1....1 157.2 112.j.j{\\ ""tV) tor other sizes ot round billets.1 VJ.et 1 : 1996 == 1b24bb9 0535269 280 == Seetior!.6 138. (otner '[nan srainless Permissible mass steel) for forgin. 104." 70 73 75 80 85 ii .6 41.I I I 1.~..~~ 1!o 170 178. a nurumum rru iAh.I.8 mass is specified.x/hen a minirnum rnass is specified 10D 1 AI\ j_.0 81. SIzes tor rounn cornereu _ • •••. corner radius and angle between sides. ::: because of the differences in roil pass design. <:)Ii\ UU) .0 129.• • _•• .d .8 93.7 148.3 1.!1...0 190 246.7 140. in mm)2 x 0.e. .iV 57 60 65 67 25.LUV 1 . there .t.'l ...00785 4 ' <£. ...BS970 BS! BS*9?O: PART*1 9b ra. 86 .LV .9 298. "" ~'-'.4 120.. fum diameter mm 50 51 55 _.: 120 j_L... may be slight differences in the actual size of billet of the same standard mass. standard 1t X masses Shall oe caicutatec USIng tne rormuia: • . .4 4111::" j 1 iI ~. • Standard rnass (in kglrn) (nominal size..7 34.. .c.7 68. which may exist from mill to mill.r:: 'n~ ± 2.L.5 88.')0) .""""1 211..t1 OAi II. " ( I 0[.5 rv .8 32. _ •• _ • • square muets. 0\1 85 rvrv t..g: st-a.6 205 210 ~~~ 271.i-_J .8 167..5 49._p_J a: 100 105 1 1/\ j_j_\_} 61.0 '=In nt::: uv. .:.lV .C.J_ 1 FJi! I \I .0 A" '±V.1 I _ These are preferred _ _ ~ _ _ _. V.7 110..0 O-tf..8 lnn 0 _1_ViJ.2 188. Btllets Nommal sizeO across flats O7 . 38) When round cornered sauare billets are supplied to the mass/unit length requirements 01"this table.v ..1 101.) BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ....v 77.8 ± 2. • ••• ••. it should be realized that. 6 Table 12..2 124..±'_} when.

to table 13.. v ~ -s on ov i 0n ..r .:..: I ~~?TE..0 " ±mm mm f\ ±mm rv ll...~ OUI. -the t.I. aL mruna· ~ T10 • oaT .. a ..U I~: : ~A~!n reianon to tame 14 tne nenrunon 01 _.U or....a...U 1.nc~ rt (r-.. 0..2 ! v..'J ') ::. ". n . 0.. I Permitted vartatton .nvo . ¥ ~. 71.. plierj the tolerances p I tolerance tor 10 mra round may be :t 0. i ~IZC 13.. !_....V " r. i ne • _ ....4 nun... I Nc_:rrE.wppn _ __ r.oleranees rnay be all plus or an minus.l) r- 0..V 6._.. rce-roueu materrar !- II I \Vidth : I ±nlID ! aC... vv ......g. TIll? difference }-)f~j. i!'tI u"-t::...""Il.~ uC 1 : ! 0.2 0 .7 0...9 1.. Diameter or width across flats ±mltl l\ c) \J.6 0....: ~u r...4 mm..fpp'.~ £\ "to I ! II > 16 '::::::0 > ..4 0.~ I..0. \/ " ..'ipr and su.. I ne-!"o!!eo materiar I Diameter or ..-ONSfl. V.u C) r- " . 0.__~~ ~£'rl"\~~ .7 1.. 7{1.g. ~. '-'0 'It. may be all plus or all minus.u . v ~.' BSI BS*970i PART*1 96 II 1624669 0535270 TT2 II 0 BS 970 Part 1 1996 !. 'Ioierances for hot rolled hexagonal ...'" .. tho " turn "oJ" n. the definition .1 > 90 > 120 > 160 . of ..agonal ba-._OJ ~n_ '.....C' Af Hr. A v.1 n~ v.fQ~_'_l5 . the general applications I'lable 14. Prlmarvrulled Diameter round matertal Out of scction41) nnn Re-rolled material i Out of • AI\ section'"+') . .. ..-. the general applications .U I':" 0 e....2 -s 160 ~ 200 ~...t_} > uO > > !<11\ ! 1 0)0 /"'.6 nr:::: \_J._'_G\o~~'C:'~.I1.-. 1.oecuon ~ . General applications ~ . .l_U 't L' . :s.<± Ii . i 0.1 'out at section' is as renews: _ _ --- n V...:li.~~ I~: I ! 10. • ~ h$ii= Special applieations He-rolled material I. • 0. . -I wtdth across .:. i (}..lze _.8 0. ::. __ _ _ \ Souare bar.tTI " ...0 .hp twn li"impn_o. U"± :S IU .. " s 26 s I n OJ '....."" : 05 I V..By _agr~~jnent between pUfch..8 1....:n......u ..darId square bar and rough turned rounds variation i i Ge8«o1..:_innQ LL __ L ~L_ ~LL_~~& mp!:NlIrpr1 ~~ ...tJ f\ o c:: ..irl . 'Ioterances . 'Iable _.. 1':"' ..... D1 Ul.~J1.L n '" v._-. e.specIal I T'Io . _ uu rerence netween tne maximum and the rrummum diameter of the bar measured . . DO .9 .'" ..-. I Permrtted for hot rolled I'ouTI....-.o >. " :s..u ~-{ 10.. mm :s. .3 nQ V..6 0... £!t1 u'":t . I t.at.D ~~ 1..- . 'OUL • of section' - is as follows: at the same cross-section../d .. e. By _agre~rnent between purch~~er and supplier I tolerance tor 15 mm section may be j: 0.I ...L -)0 c::... I _ _ _ __ _ applications 'II .'_ The differen". 5 v.I riats .4 I( V. ~u ::. of section1l) wiutn across flats ±rl1rl1 Out or section"H} _ ~ A " mm :S mm rnm 16 .±.: common cross-section of the bar . .L 0 \ 0. HeJ. \l-'u.D A \ 0.: [\ U..... © BSI 1995 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .'Jnn I 41) In relation I \ .~ ~.L..1\ .3 I > > > > ..1 i:)~U.. between the least and the greatest dimensions measured across the three pairs of opposing (parallel) flats at a conUTLon cross-section of the bar... IV I ' 0.5 "0 t=:1 U. :::.U ~A V"" 11 ..

\J.-...tin S 60 0.5 nc:. 'Iolerances for hot rolled flat bar Permitted variation Special applications ±ffim I I I I I I I I I I I I I General applications Imm I ±mm wiau.4 0. 0..g.t_l -" "TV . t~e I tolerances rnav be all plus or all mmus. -::.0 V. v.. n '") l_l.L. tne stannarc I tolerance on \~ridth for 35 mm '~lideflats may be ± 1. "± 'Jt=:..n.0 .. By agreement b~tween _pur~haser and.96 == 1624669 939 == I 'Iable . rJ11-':_.-.1 ___ .7 1. . :5. ~ > '" <.D A e- I NOTE.U . I Size in. I I I I I I 75 100 1 l_td(J 100 l~u 't lU\} 1 Or!" •" 0.0 rv " V.-.::::V ~t1 '1/\ 0.::.!lIl::_:"~ 10 n" . > 10 s :'5 > tdU <. lV S uD OU 05 nQ v.1.0 InnL > 60 © BSi i996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . e. '!!U'_:·!\.v A[.. FJt::.v n ...._.U 1. C) I > > :5..8 1.6 0.0 . s :$ "r:: e:n 1 .supplie~.--.

.• ~ .:=~ e ~ 6 (:.== -.."" " 1'\ .5f.in m-... hardening steels 11 granes snecincd In sections---. 1 .rthi .... _ _ __ _ This enables a pictorial assessment of the naraenaDlllty cnaractenstlcs Ol a particular steel to be made and also facilitates tIle comparison of one H grade with another. 1 '... "". Part 1 1996 Annex A Hardenabtlity curves for case .'__:.phs are not used for specification purposes.. 0....... The values to be used are those specified in table 7 (case-hardening steels).. T10rf ..... ~L'ley should be selected as recommended in n~ l:l4.IJ r..' _.and 4... .. tOITi1..u 96 .- :~td~ a:lrLex pr~n~er:t~the p:arde~abil~ty data for the It is important that these gra.. I I "'i. ---~-r------:tl :i ------. -------« . (~)BS! 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 31 . _..

1 _.~ Ln 1 jill 1 i C""--.1111 I IIIIIIIIII IIII III I II I I I I I 1I II II I I I I I I I J II II I I I I I I II I III I I I II I I II I I I 1 1~.+. .'.i-t+i-t+ilrtt1It.rrTl-rTili-rrililrrrili-rT1-rilt~ III!!!! !!!!!!!!!! II !! I.. _-= llh?~.~.. I Iii I I I I I I: 1-++1-1I I II I II I II I II II I II I I I I 111\ III 11111 II !!Iii1111111 i It I I 1-f I I I iI! I 1111111 :1.~'. " I.' It o II H-11111 II 1 t I I I1 II 1 j .. I \ I I II III i II II t I I I I II i i 1". Iii I I I Ii II I I IIII II 'lu lJ 32 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI IfH~6 .11111111 1 I 11"1 I \ \ I \ \ I I I i II I YI I. 1 1 1 I t I I kl I I I I I IJ1 1 I I I I I 1 I I.i.. I.~ B S.. :'. +! i!"':'~-H+-H+ii+Hlll1. I I .I I II II 1I I I 1111 !! (ot: JO I I I I 1I II I I I I I!. ! ! oz i\H )ssaUPJDH III IIII ntrmrrn !! II I I I II II II ! ! L! ! I ! I I " -I 11 . " "I. LL~LL~L+~~~~~~~~~~~~~. .. I..l -~ ~ :+:: ~~n ( !j '"1 u: .I 'I I I' I II 10 § ~~~~~~. -'" ~..~.t1ltt1-tt1rttlj""''_:.i-rt. II Iii.·b6q.+ii-tiI11-ttlil-ttiI11-tilltil~ II 1~11~II~LL~~~lH-l~~+~~IH-I+4-I~~~~~+i+i~~'il-1I~I+i-tltlti~++i-t1+t11-rtil-rtl-tti. I I II 1 I i I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1I I I 11 I I I II 1 III I II I I I 1 II I 1 II.. tin-tltlli~ ~ II 1.~~~~~~t+~~~~.. ! I I .1-ttl-~-rrtl-rrill-J-..t1~ ~ ~ II 'II !! I .+.~~}+~+4~+4~~:i}I~I~+4~~41~1~~llil~t+Ii-~i-!t.r!t1-tti1-ttJrttll~ ~ II II I II II _III II LL~~~~~I~I~I~'~I~!~.~. .i I I II.-~ == Annex . i~ II I I I I II II .lt".~~~~~~~~~~~+4~+11-t+1-~.I . _n_~'_.LA~ B8970 Part 1 : 1996 r-- ! i~~/~~~-rT'~'~'~ITi"~'rr~rr~~~-rTl-'rIT''-rTilrrTi':'ii'T''-'rT'Ti-rl".I I I/ i.I 1\ \\ ~! ~-f+-u+u~'H-' ~~~~IH--H+-H!~!~~~I +lil~+1I-1IH-+1-!~. ~.1." I I I I I I II I I /1 1I 1 I "I II I l I I Ii ~ 1141 ! j J J k1 J II I. II I II II I! J J II I II II I I II I II 1111 I I I I II) I I I.~._~2?3 701 --.. I.. o!'~ly*-.t.'. I0 l~ IN t il II II ! II 1111! I!! I I) 1II II!! ! 1 ! I L "1 II II !! II !! I .JA I I I I 1 1 1 I I 11. II yi (.+Ii-t+.lI' D.

. . ...... . ... . I III I 1:01 . . ... . ... .. III I 111I I II 1 . . . .. .J. . .. ......... ~'i ...-+I+-+++-+ 1 I: I ::1 II iI 1111111' I i 1II11 . . .. .. ..ll l! 1l l II I! Ifi I .llillJ LLll......... . .. .I"I . ..I'~ I I I III I I r 1T rTf f1 II I LJ 1. .. .. .... .... . . . .. ... ... .. I. . T' --'--. . .mp 5. l·t·f·1 .. . . .... .. .. . . . "' . . . . .. .. . . AJ.. ..... . .. "'... . .. .... . • . .. .... . '" 1'I . • . .f- i t--Hi-+-Hi-+-H++-++-c++lc+-Hi-+-H++--+++-+-+-+-+-II+f-+I. .BSI BS*9?O: PART*l 96 ii .. . . . . . . . . 11111I11I1 rLl LLLLLl I :IF j ! I I I! i I In i II In IITnIrm 111I1 III 11~ III i: J t t ~ J ..c: '" . . . ...1. . J .. j j . . . .. ". . . ... . . \8 111'111:111 III II j I! II III III 1 III III 11111111.. . .. . r TI-rr+-++l-++l-++1++-. ..= a . .. ... . .. . .. . I:§ I_+ 'I I'l I"""'. I.. . ... ... II Ij LilJLUilll1 III I IIIIIII I1II 1111111 II Ii II rill II I! II. ... .. .I... l. ... . .. .. . . . . ... .. ... . . .. . . . . = ~ ..... . .. rr" . .... . ..... .. .. . .. . .. .... .111II I I J I I III r 111111 I rill [ I [ II ITrrTTTTTTTlKl i}illl 111{11 I II{ III III II I II I l~ I I~ I.. . ...... . ... . . . . .. ..... . .. . . .... J .. .. s ro .. .. .. . . ... VI I Illll I Il. ... . . ... .i... . . .. . .1... . . . +! .. . = '" . . .... . .. I Lil-t-l . .....lJ III II J J C''i <:> 0 r-c !. . .LJ LLL1J. ...... ..... ... ... . ...c v .. .I ... . .. ..... .. ....ll lI . . .. . .. ... . .. . . . . . . ........ ...AJ_i) sseup.. . . . ... II II . . ... .. ... . . . ... .. ... .. . . . ..Ll Ll i. . .. . .. ... .. '" . . . .. .. I 11 .. ... ". . . .... . .. ... .. . ... .. . ... . IA I:L- . Annex . .. .. .. .. . ... . <l! (. ... .... ... ... .1111 IIII! I Ii II11 . . . "' .~w~illlll/llll!1111JI11II Il... . ."'. ... .~ . . . . . . . ... " . . . .. . . .. .. ... . . . '" '<'... . .. .. .. .~ . .. ... .. .. .... ... .. . .. mrrrrrrrrr ... .. . . . '" . ...u. . . .. "I ...11 = o -. ..: I~ . .. .. . . .. . . I . . ...... . (I .. . .... .. .~ .. . .. . ... . . . .. . .0 Q 1I111I111111111I'1111111111I:r 11111111111 II! j I III! II I 1II1 II) III) IIII I j III III III III I 11 1J Lil Ll..:_~'-. .. .l) i-++-i-+-Hi-+-H++-++f-++i-+-Hi-+-H++-1++-+++-+-+ ++-++i-. .I ... . . . .. .. ... . . . ..... .. . . .. . . . . ... .. . II Ll.. . . ""' ~ ©BSI19H6 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. . . .-~. .. .. ~-++1. . ..~ ".. 1b24bb9 0535274 b48 !! BS 970 Part 1 iOO':' .. . .. . ... .. .. .. .e '" . ..: I (l) 'I I I I _l___l___l... ... ".. . . .. .. . .... ... . ..... .1 . .. ... .. ... .. ..1 '-1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 • ..... . 1 11I1I II !i "I"I . . .. ... . .. .. .. ..."I " LllJ . . !!'. . ....= u . I. ... . . . ........~ (0£ JO 02 . .. .. ...1 "I ..Ul_~_l_LLLJ. 'A . !'l5 . .. . . .. . . . .. J .. .. . .. .. .. . .. . .. . . ... . .. ... ... ... "'.. . ... ..... . . .... . ... .. .~ . . . .. . . .. . .. ... . .. ... . . . ... .... . . . "'.. . ... ... .. .. r.. ......I .. . .. . . ... ... .

... I I I I 1 (1) '" I .j". I I 1 I I I 1 I L . . I I I ... .._ -r-r :t--..... ~l-I !......!'. I 1 I I 1 I I I L I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I_ I I I I I I .. I r 1 I I I ill I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I i I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 w :'I: LJ ....!.....+---} CC U ~"JI I 1 1 I I C!: I -= 50 __ ! I L I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I l 1 I L I I 1 I 1 I I I I II r I 1 I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L I I II I I L_ ___I____L____j_________ I I I "rv I I I L _L__L I ~~~'~'~'~'~~!1!'_('1i'~'~r1!-!-I'-['-[-['-['-['-['!-'!-l-j'-['-j'-j'~!-l-l-l-j'-j'-j'-1'r-['-['-['-['-['-j'-1'-1'1='!=!=I'-['-[-1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I L I L I L______I________ I I I I -[ I I r I I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I I u Iii L.----.. ..x .... . .._ LJ l-4-L. ._... I I I I W. I ~r-r I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I l L I . I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I .---.l=.:s:: .--..... ...5 3 11111111111 5 7 9 11 13 15 t-t II .....!''1''l''l''l''l''l'!. I I • --'--'--'--'.._I I""""""'"" I 1 I f ~r4:1=t--' I tI I I 1.. i i .. I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I ILL _ _____l_______j ~ I .l_ I I I I ....'!'. L____j_ I hi Il'\. 1 w 4U. . I 1 I I I .--r.. I i I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 :::: CJ Q w 4S~ I ~.... I a:: ...------r I I '.!'1!.. -.!~l:~~L~'~~~~~I'~'~~~~~~~~~~l'~~~~~~j....... I ...j~"~"~!"l!"l!".. r . I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 c:::: r= r" "r" . I ......I.t I ..J I I II quencllea Iii .. I l. '".. 1 "" ...--. ...' 1 1 I ill iT 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I rir I I L I I I I I I I -T I I I I ~ll~~'~'I'=l'=l':l"~1rl'~'!1'!:i'~'~'..---r-~ I I I I 1 I I I I -... ""0 ... 11 11 " .. r ...j......I I ._. . I \ I I I I I " I I I 1 -..!'~'~'~'!l'~~'I'=l'=I'_J'~'~'~'~'~!'~'~'~'~'~L~l~ 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I-... r r I I ... 6St-+i . nnTT1I". . 1 I I I " I II . L+-~..----.L.. • .... I I I I : : :: ::::: .mm I I IIIII from 40 IIIII 45 50 © BSi 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ...j'..j".r I 1 I . I I I I II I end . !.I 1 I 1 I I I I r----r ~---... I I I I I I I 1'\1 I I 1 1 . ..-T'I I I I I I I I I '" I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I '\.. . if. 1 I I I I I \... : : ~ : : : : : : : : : : : :: :: I :: I I 1 I I I I I I ILL I 1 r-.l I I I\.. T I r 1 1 . I I I I :::c u vl ~ 50 . I I 9 1 I I 11 13 15 I I I 1 I 1 I I I Distance 20 from quenched 25 1 I 1 I I end .mm 30 1 I 1 I 1 I 35 I 1 I I 40 I I I 45 I I 1 I 50 1 T I r I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 r I I I I r 1 T I I r I I T [ r I r r 1 1 1 I I [ I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I r I I I I I I r I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 6S!'~~~:~:~:~~:~I'I:~:~:~:~'~~'!''1''1''1~'1l'~!.j".. L 1 II r. I I I I j-u! . i I I I I I I I ..I____I_.. !...1 IIIIIIIII~IIIII I1111111111111111111111 1 1'"< 1 --rt-t- Ut++-I I>{ 25t-+-++ i I I I ~ '1 .. I I I I ifTTTT I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I iii i i 1 I I I I I I I I I . I I I i\ I ~" I t-t 111'\...... I I ..!''l''l''1''1' 60 I +-+ It-+-+ f-}--..• ...'~~! t-+-t : : 1 I I t==~~'~'=='E=~'=t'=t'=t'=t'=3'=3'=='E='E=E=E=t':t'~'~'~'~~~t=t=t=~~~'~'~~'=t'=t'=t'=t'=t'~'~'~~'=t'=t'=t'=t'=t~'=t'~~~~'~' I I I . .. . 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 I . -Jf\ ~ LVI J---II \I " I .. I . 45~1~~~~I~'"~I~'~~~'~I~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~l~~~tl~~~~~~~~~~~~~I~~~~~I~ I I 1.. I 1 I I I 1 I I i I i'"i. I I I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I . I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 r I ~ 30: 1 \I I I ~~.r ...._L_~~i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ VI ~ jj L.:! 11: I i I I I I II I I I i I I I I I I IIII I l++ W 0:::: ........!.)J' I I ---I I I I I I I -rI T I 1 ... "'-..... I I I I +r I I r I I 1 1 I 1 I I I r I I I i I I 1 I I I I til I I ILL L I I I till 1 I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I 15 3 I I ~ I I -. I . 1 I I T I I r r I I I "-...: "1 1 I 1 '" " I . : 1 ..1......j.I 1 1 I 1 I I I r-T-.J 1 I I 1 1 I II . I I 1 I I . .... L:)! I ... .I II ..j'.. I I I Ll Ll I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . Distance 20 iI iI '-)L....l[l!l[l!l!"l!"...~~~~'~~~~f1'~f'~'~~'_j'_j'~'~~~I'~'~'~~~~'~'~~~~~~~~l'~'~!'~'~'~'~'_j'_j'~'~'~I'~'~'_j'_j' =£ 30 I ['\.il fl}JU. . I I 1 1 I I I I I I r I I I I I I I I Iii I I I ~ 4V~::~~'~'~~'~'~~'~~~'~'~'::'~~'~'~~~~'~'~~~~~~~~~'~'~'~'~'~~~~.. . 1...-r I . i..-+=--. . ...!''1''1''l''l''l''l'!'I''!'.J I I L.._.. 1 I I I I t-4-LLJ "'in LV l I -I I I I I I I I r"'o... . ii I I I I i I I i I I I 1 I I iii I I iii Ll . I TT 1 I I I I I I I ...-.!''1'l''l''l'~'!..L.BSI BS*970: PART*1 9b __ 1b24669 0535275 BS 970 rar~ 1 : 1996 584 II 1\.1 I I I'\..... -'---' I I I I III I ! I I I I T I I T I I I " 1 r. . 1 I i I I 1 I I I .

.. I I 1 ~ 30 4') 1 .1.. ~V[ .. 1 I I [ I I I LVI 1 I 1 . ." I . ~ 'tV L_______.. r "r 1 1 "r Ii 1 .. III is 3 " 5 . .L ... 1 I I t".. ~ I "'''' . .. 1 'I 1 . I I I ! tIl I I I 1 1 . I I ... .. T . L r" ru ~n I JV' . 1 T ... . .! 1 '-I 1 vi tl'J ....... I J I 1 1 1""'-1 1 1'-' I I . ... I J 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 I F--' 1II 1 1 I f -.... I I ''tJ 1 . 1\1 I . I . .__ 1 .. .. ... 1 - !. ... J 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 C L _l_____j I. . T 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 . ( I ! I I ..1 1 L________j____l ---r--I r L. . 1 1 1 I .IIII:II::II: :I::.l P\.I' I I"'L.. .. . I ! t-t+-+ 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I Iii I I~IIIII : . I I I I til . 1 r 1 I . . . 1 I 1 r 1 T~ I 1 1 I 1 I I I I ... I ..:II. . J . t. .. '" . ...l " . 1 I I .......::: ::::::I::I:: 1 I ! ! I 1 I I ! I . 11 .. . 1 _I ! t.. .. . ../) .... 1 I . I I --'I I I ! I I 1 1 I 1[ II 1 1 II !---r I.1 1 r 1 T r I 1 1 I .6 0:11 L r.:. I 1'4::::: I .. I 1 I 1 1 . ._ -l.. . I .. 1 I I 1 I I . -'----'1 1 ... I .1 I 1 I 1 1 .. I 60 i I . _. n.~h ru . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 . .. t 'b. I I I r 1 r 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 .. . 1 f ]". .. .. II ...J... A == 1624669 0535276 410 __ BS970 Part I 1996 A.. . I f. .. 1 i 1. I I Fi-... _____l________j I I . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .. 40 t5 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 30 25 Distance from quenched end 20 = mm 35 45 50 © 58! 1995 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .J II 1 • 1 I 1 I 1 I . I II! !! I I lit I 1 I 1 I 1 _l I 1 1 1 1 1 I r T-1 7 9 11 13 15 25 20 Distance Tram quenched 30 35 end ~ mm 40 45 50 l\.. .. I I I I r T T { 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 J II ~_j_ ....-r .~ .. I"~ . I _l_ . T I . . ...1. !!!!!!!!!!!!! 1l1l1l!\~\11 : I If fIlii 1 I 1 1 I I r 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I :-++-1 I 1 I . r: w . .. ! I I 1 J + 1 1 I I 1 1 1 ~~ I . T L . . ~-- 1 ?c! .... ... "'in I I I . r-. --t... t .... I .J:J 1 '" I 1 .. "l:! '- ~J I Iii c: h:: I \ \ I I I I I iii {_L_I I I I I .-F+-...n.l.9-1-:1 Iii ~ I I 1 \ I I I II I I! I I iTT j I I I I j _l_ _ __l _i_ IIII ITi iii : Iii i i ! I I ! II III III I I 1 I I 1 I T _L L 1 I I ! I I I I : . I I 1 1 .-r-r-d 1 .. _j__ j . _. . 1 II I 1 1 1 11 T---T I I 1 I I I r I I I I r 1 1 } + -. Il'\.1 1 I .. I .._ I vi ~ 35:..i.. .. .. . f I .I.::. 1 L 1 j 551 I I 1 1 1 I 1 I . 1 I 1 I I 1 I I ..... ". 1 . 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I !. .1.. I 1 .. 1 I 1 I I ~ . 1 1 1 I I .. 1 I . I l______l_ .56371117 1 1 1 . I I 1 !I I ! ! ! !! ! 4-H r I I T 1 TIT r II I 1 I II . 1 I 1 _I_ 1 I LL ... .. I I I 1 1 1 I I 45\ w .. I . 1 . ..I j I I .. 1 1 I I 1 1 1 . I I ._L__)_ r f'-.. 1111 ....oll 1 I 1 "oJ. 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 Tii .. W I ~~.... I I I I I I J ...e LJ 401 t I I I ..-- i 1 . . irt+I ~ll. .. 1 1 I I I I . .. . I T-----. .. .. +. 20 I'\..I.. . I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1"-..IIIIII.. u Lr1 ! 1 I 1 ..Annex BSI BS*970: PART*1 96 .. ...."-..... .r.. I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 J I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I I r 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I .. .t 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 ... ... i"i II I [ I I ~r I II I 1 1 [ II I iI I t' ill i i ! I I I 1 I I I I I } f -} t I IIIIIIII I [ I 1 1 I I Ii! ! ! ~~t ! 1 i I !!! I IIII ! ! ! t! ! j! I I iI 1 1 ! 1 ! I I I I I I I r T T _ _l____j_ _1 I I iii III 1 .... .....J__j I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 _i I I I till I I 1 1 I 1 I I III I ... . 1~1111 ITT I .. . I I"" I .. t. ! .. I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 I . I I 1 ... .. I. 1 I 1 I . 1 .. 1 _l__l___l__l 1 1 I 1 ... ... .J 1 I I """ I 1 ..! ! . ....

.....'----. en )U . ....1 I IIII: I I 1 I ---'-T -II 1 1 I l' -l......_... I..... . +. . I'~J t i 1111 I 11 'l'I'l4:..1 I I" I I I \! I I I I'{ 1 I 1 I .. 1 .. L . I I 1 1 I . 1 I 1I I I I 1 I I 1 I 1 i 1+1 --.. I . 1 I iii Iii 1.UI o I l" I \ I 1 >J l.1_ i I t iii iiI II I I I I I ' I I I I I I I 1 1\ 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I I L________l_ 1 I 1 ____l___l__l 1 I II t. I I I II I I I I I 13 15 Distance from quenched end . .. L_ _l I I I r 1 ..._ "1 _I_~ •• 1 U L!t:~I.. 9 11 13 15 II I1IIIII1 35 30 Distance from quenched end ..&.. \ 30: I I \. I.. ...J.. I J I I I I I I I . I f I I I tI II I !! 1 . I .BSI BS*970: PART~l 96 Part 1 : 1996 == 1624669 0535277 357 .: ~ 4U! .lii: ~ i i i''_ i i 1 1 1 I I I • _ I u!. ... I L__l_____l____l___L_Lj I I i IIIIIII 1 I I t±r~.. I .. .I \ II I lJ . Annex A 1\.. I 1 . I 45 50 l"'\. 1++ I I I I . I II Iii 1 I 1 i I +tl till 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 1 till 1 1 1 I Iii i III iii I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I 1 I _liJ 1 1 I '15L_______1_ rr -r- I L T- r 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1I 1 1 1 I IlL I L .-I I I'i I .-.. . 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I . 1 1 1 L__l_____l___l__ I i I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I . nOEl!"! I I 1 1 I 1 I J I 1 I I I J I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . _l___l_ 1 I t--'-..... t: I I :. I. l_l_ II . I - . T T I . I 1 I'J I I I .II I11 1 1 I 11 .. iii. I I Ii-I 1 1 : .::.. I..... . I 'J 1 T I I I ... . .. ... . 1. -11 ii---.. ..1 I I l__lI li--t4-LJI 1"'=""I-x:-J. ... I I I I I I I 1 I " I" i.. . 1 LL !Il t 1\ I I 1'"1..J....YT. " LV I I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 III 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I .. T I I T I L I 1 I I I I I I I i I 1 ill 1 T r I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I ... I' 45. ... T . .-.. I I I I I I I I I 1 1 L ILl I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 ILL I I _l_ I 1-+--1 ~ :l~1 .. I til 1 1 1 1 L 1 III I I' ....... I ~~ 351 c u I I i ~ -e- )..L .... I I ! I III I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I J I 1 I I I \ \I• 1 '\ :~ : : I' I I ..mm 25 30 "" JJ I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 I I 40 L. I .. .._ r\Jh..5 3 5 7 III I'\.... 1 I I 1 I 1 I I -. j 1 . I I I I I 111 .! 1 i I 1 I I "- I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I . . 1 ... I L I 1 1 I . ... i -tAl I I I'J ~ I ! I 'I... \' 1 ~I r I J'vi I I I 1 -l 1. ..t II I11 I! 1I1I Till ii T I I I I I ..mm 20 25 II 1LL . I . I I I I 1"' 1 1 I ! I i__l II I i 15 3 ... I 1 I 1 I I I .. L ['I.. . 1"1 I I I I 1 I . ! ~ +- I 1 r I .. I 251 I 1.. .. '" I I .J. . I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 Tl.. I ' I ._I_~u [ 651 OIJ "..J I k I I I J! I '\1 I ...."'" 65~ 60 . I 1 11+ III 1 i i iii iii i 1 I ~---l III I I I Ii.fl JV 36 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 ..:.. 0 '-n _ _'f.--.. t F~.. 1 . 1I 40 --'- . LJ45~rl QJ . . 1 .1 .. r LL II 1 1 1 1 1 1 .... T I I I I f\J I 1 1'\... I 1 I r LLl IIr I1I I I I III I I I I I 1 1 1 L '1 .l. 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I 1 1 j I I I 1 1 1 1 . I ... I I I I I ul 1 I I I IIIII1I111 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I r I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1+ till 1 I I I 1 1 1 . . I 1=0 I-t-t+ . 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I ! U III \..L __ ro C1J50jj TTT-l-T T r 1 I I I 1 I I ..j_ I It I I I .. 1 1 1 I I .. i.-------T I 1 Iill I 1 II 1 I1 I1 1 Til I I 1 1 I 1 I I 11I i 1 I Pt...-r '''' I .. +t .)I'-. I I I I 1 I I I .. I 1 I I 1 1 I I L 1 I I I I1 .. .

1 1 I I 1 1 liT I I 1 I I liT I I I I I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I I ... I .oL I I I II II II . I'{ ro .I . . . I 1 1 I I I . ."---.i iii . .{i 1 vv. 65.. . . 1 I I ! 1 I I .. I L 1 I I I . I I I I II I! 1 I I . 1 ..l I~ r -1 I I ?: j 1 .. ! ! ! I + ~HI + . ! ~30LLl . !I I I I I +I . ... . .I I I 1 1 ..--. I 1 I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I " I ~. 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 ro . 1 I I ..i 55: 501 . . I I . I I 1 I I 1 . 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 r I J I I I I I I 1 I I 1 !! I .... 1 I I 1 ! 1 I I I I I I I 60 . .. . I '" I I .----. . ITT r A~1~ 10 708H20 r..... I I ...5 3 5 9 11 13 15 35 30 Distance from quenched end . ...------..mm .-----.l .' 1 .r:' I /. I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I j . 1 1 r'. 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I l_" Iii L I r ill I 1 I I 1 :...1 ~'~I ~J___l______l__j_J I I "'}-.. . J . 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 IJ 1 1 1 J .(_ rr: T:JI lI I C!. I . . II I 1'-+ Ii " II iii I I .. I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I ..i .1 1 1 1'0...... . .. I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I___j_ . . I .. BS 970 1 VJ' I 1 1 1 II! 1 1 1 ! ~L t... I ! 1 1 T---. I I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I I v) W4:.. I I : ! 1 I iii iii 1 .. 'I 1 Til 1 J .. ....L I 1\ i I \J 1 I I I I'\..r I I I I ill . I I 1 1 1 1 I 1"""-1 I . . ... I. o II. . . . T 1 I I ... . . I I : . ..... LV.... T---' . .. 1 1 I I I T I -c .. 1 1 . . . 1 1 1 I I . 1 1 I . I I 30' ~r: ( .i i r I 1 I: I I ! IJIJIIII_l_____l__lL ILLI I II II I .. Irrl--l__r . . !. I II .. 1 'r I I II . ... I: I !. I I . ... I 1 f.... . j r" . : r 1 I 1 _1j_J T-rl 1_1 T -.. I"""I. " " . I . ! T I ..---. I ... 1 I J j j : 1 I j .. i"""o. I ..{. . .I " ..i .J I [ ...... . ..J.' . . 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 liT T r I r ill Ti .. . H-H ! i I I I +n-f ~+ I I I I .BSI BS~970: PART*1 96 == 1624669 0535278 293 . . ... .. . I I . 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I .i ... . .t--i-H I I iii 1 1I I I I 751. . 1 .. 1. . . 4Ui-l Vl ' ~ .II I I . I . L J 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I . i i \. J ... J I: I I . t-I.. ~jjw_1 ::. . D...i . I .... .. w a:: il. .J: . I I I I 1 iii II! I Iii' . 1 I I 1 1 1 1 r T T _l 1 1 I 1 ..+ . 1 . I LJr-1 i 'iti.. J I _j_ I 1 I I .1 L~J I . ''-I . 1 1 1 1 1 1 I.... 1 I __'___I I 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 ..__! I--. I i I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 1 .I _J I 1=44J±1 t.1 1 1 ?~ L__l_[--j . r-r.! . 'I I 1 I "\I _1 I . f j I l___l_j "" i\1 1\1. 1 1 I I . I I 1 I I I'\.. .::I 20 l--IT 25 40 45 50 © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . .. .I II IIII !!!!!!!i !!i ! I I I I I I I IIII +-t-t--l I IIII:II::1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 . 1 1 II I II . I .I 1 1 I 1 1 ____l______j_ 'T" 1 1 .. :u I I I I'll I I ~'k f-I 1 I I 1 I r I I -'-""_'_.I 1 'il I I'l 1 II l'Ir. J I 1 I Ti ..l I I I I I I I 1 . 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I ~____l_________lL . ! i ! I I I j I I 1: I :j: ! ! ! ! I' I' I' I' I' LLl___l___j_ LL L_l r-~ 1 I I I I I I I I III 1IIIII'I[!11 I I 1 I 1 I 1 I ! I I I I I I I +-+++-+-t +-t II I I 1 I I I I I . T~ 1 I I I f 1 I 1 1 ~1 ~" 1 .. I 1 I i 1 1 I I I 1 . !4. I 1 I I .I ['".

.rnrn 30 35 40 45 50 1 60 CC IY FfTTrTT II t-----T I I t-+++: I I I II1 I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I L I I I I 1 I I I I ...-.L 1 I I III 1 1 1 I T .x: .___: : : I I I I I ~1~j'~~~j'~~!'~'~J'I~~..JI_JI[lIf:'[:[:[:II_jI~~'~1=11~1~1~1~..I[_II_[I~I.l~!:!:~~I~~r-w~._ 1 1 I III 1 1 1 1 I I III III I I I I -1-. 1 II I I I I .. I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 : : I I --1I I rI I : I 1 I _l__ I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 II I I 1 T I I 1 I I I 1 L 1 I 1 II I I I I 1 J 1 l_l_ !! 1I I I I I 1 I I 20 5 7 9 i ! I 11 13 15 I I iTT-or ! 1 I 1 TTl I I I 1 I 1 .._ --.. T I 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I L I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I L I ~ 50..-1 1 I 1 1 I -r- I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 ......"'J VI QJ "JL.. I 1 1 . II:: :: 1 1 1 ri=J i I l""'-l 1 1 I 1 I I l"""oo. ..J 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I . I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 TTl 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I r I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I a:: S5 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ..1... 1 I I 1 1 1 I I .-------.II'iI~I~I-JI!.1. 1 I 1 L I 1 III 1 I 1 T I I 1 1 1 1 T I fTTl!1 I 1 1I 1 I 1 I I I I I I ..J I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I\..!~l'~!'~~:~~I~~'~-'!I~~~I!:T!I~'-!I~ITI~~T~~I~r~~~!=!:!:I=I=~~I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 "-I I II 1 III I I 1 1 II 1 1 I~: I I 1 1 1 I I I I 111 I I .I c.! ! !! }.l . 1 I I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I _]J I 1 I I I I I 1... rv I III I 1 T 1 1 T I I I 1 1 r I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 III 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i-+-+-+: :I: I L _j__ : I I 1 I 1 1 "r TT I 1'\. Il'\.l 1'-1 1 I . I I I I I'll 1 I1111 1 r"'"o.11 805H17 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 Iii I I I 1 1 I L 1 1 1 1 1 1 T I 1 T 1 1 1 I T I I L _ _j_ I I I L 1 I I 1 1 ! I T I I I 1 ! I I 1 I 1 I I I I _L______l________ I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I r I r 1 I 1 I I I r I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I : 1 I I III 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 -1 I I I I I---'--l 1 I I 1 I I I I L I I I I I 1 L_I I 1 I 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 I 1 1 r I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I 6U u TIT 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 T--T 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I T I 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I I . : I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I ! 1 1 1 1 .!! 50 It! \. r" 1 I I 1'\1 1 I"\..5 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Dis tance 20 from quenched 25 end . I 1 : I : 1 1 I I I I 1 -... 1624669 0535279 12T BS 970 == Annex A F~-rt1 : 1996 .". I I r I I 1 I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 ..mm 30 40 45 50 38 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .. 1 I '" 1 1 I _L_l_____l_ L:fTi i I I I: I ::I _l__l______l_j I T------' 1 1 IIII IIII T 1 I I ~ 351 ! ~1 :!i:.. I I I J II T 1 .l I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 ----'--""'_'_l I 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 1~------'-I~TT"I'111111111111111111111111111111 1.I~I~I-J'-JI-JI-jI-jI~I~....I~I~I~I~I~I~I~I~' Il\.:.' I ! I II TiT L 1 I L I !-+ I I 1I 1 ... I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I . I __l__\ II\.i. 1 !.J 4UI o : I "J 1 I ~ I 1\: ).1 I I '\......: 25: 20 ~ 1 .. 1 I 1 I 1 Distance 20 from 25 qu~ncnea end . I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I L --'----' II!~ I 1 1 1 I I I ill I I 1 I .BSI BS*970i PART*1 9b .J 1 I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I : 1 1 I ~ I I 1 ~ 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I ! I I I 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 -.1 jV!---+-----: t--+ I\J I I 1'-1 I I ! r.1 .1.1 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I . . I 1 1 1 L I 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 . I 1 1 1_ 1 1 I I I ~-T I I I I I I I . 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 tl) 1 I 1 1 .l 1 .1 1I !! ... I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I r 1 I .!! :I'~I:: I : I~~J 1 1 ! ! \J ! ! ! ! ! ! 1 r\ I 1 I 1"-' III..l I I I II I I 1 I 1 I I II' I I I 1 I III I 1 I t _j_ U ~ 30: C '- II tt I I 1 1 I 11 1 I I 1 I I 11111 I I I 111'1 I I I I I 1 I III 1 I I I I I 1 I I J 1 r I 1 1"-1 1 I 1 1 : '\ I'{ L t~j__J·!lI~I!JI~II-'[. III 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 JJ I I \I \I I I'l. . _. 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 45 1"- II lSI 1'- '" I" I I I L--'1 I I ~ IIIIII L__L__j___J_ I T1 1 r 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 .. I I I I I 1 T 1 1 . I 1 . ~. ~ \..

..- I------+---+-t 1 I r--. 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 I . 1 I 1 . I 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I "I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I .-----r-l 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 II~IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII 1 I ILL I I I I 1 I I L j_ 1 I I J 25 I L_ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ill I I 1 I 1 I 1 ..... I I till I I liT I L 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 _j_ I . I I IIIIII~IIIIIII 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I 1 I I 1 I.... 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I\_ I ~ 1'1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 "I 1 1 I I I 1 I I 1 ++-+. I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 T-T I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I 1""'- 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I _j__'\.Annex A BSI 96 == 1624bb9 053528D 941 == BS 970 Part 1 1996 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 I lit I I I 1 j__l_ 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l_ I I L I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I liT I I 1 I II! I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1" 1 1 I I I I I . I I 1 1 1 1 I I I r I TIT 1 I 1 I -T I I I~-~ I : : : : : : : : 1 : I ~J::lI:lI~I~tl-tI~~~jl~I~I~If.. I ~ 50: I u I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I c: ~o c ~L.l_ I I _1 I 1 _1 I I QJ Il'\.mm 40 45 50 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 J 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I .._ : : : : : : : ~ : : : ~ : 1. I J 1 I L 1 I _l_ I 1 J I I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I _I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I 1 1 i I I I a: ::c ro u 55: I I I I I I I r 1 1 t--+--. 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I I J I l---....l 1 1 " I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 f'\. I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I ~ ...l I . 1 'I \I I" Il'\.: 1 I I I I I - t I 1 1 1 I 1 1 III 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I [ I I I I I I I I I +... I J I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 j_ 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I l I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 til I I I 1 I I r 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 r 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I liT I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I L__l_ _j___j____l_ I I . w ~ 1 I rT+~l--1 I I I I I I I I I I I J .. I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I ~ I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 ""'-' 'in r-r'-VI -.l I I I 1 I 1 1 I .1 1 1 I 1 I ~ _: ~ ~ ~ I :::: I I 1 1 ~ 1 I : I I I : ...--------J I 1 1 I I I r I I I I J I I I I 1 I 1 J I I I I I 1 1 I 1 lit I 1 1 1 I I r" I I I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I 1 I I I IIIIIIIIITTTTT I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I .l... -4.tl-tI-tI-tI-t~~II"l~~~I~I~~I~t' r I I I 1 I 1 I jtl~I~I~I~llllllltJl~tIJtI~I~I~I~I~I~I~ll~I~I~I~I~lil'~1 ____j_________j___j_ __ L I 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I : 1 I I I I 1 I I I~ 1 I 1 _~ ~ ____. Il'\. 1 1 1 I I III I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I III 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I I III 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I .:.-------... I I I I I 1 I T 1 1 I 1 1 I I I ! I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I 1 I .L 1 1 I I 1 I I I ..::! L I I I 1 1 1 1\ I I 1 I 1\ 1 I" -.&._ 1 I ""-' III III III I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I1111 I I I I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 III I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 r 1 1 1 'r T -T 1 1 1 I I I I I I I ~----r-."'mmgImmmIm§lmmelEme I.----. I """ I I Jrt. 1 I I T-'- I I 1 I I I .5 3 A..I 15 3 -t ( 9 11 13 1~ Ulsrance 20 I I ")L LJ 1 Trom quencnea end . I I I +----f 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 J 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I .:: • - 1 1 I I I I I 1. I I I 1 I 1 1 II 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I J 1 I I I "I I I I J 1 1 I I I .1 I 1 I 1 I I 1""""-- 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 J I 1 1 I J 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 ....+-+---t -~ -t 1 1 J I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I r 1 1 1 ITT 1 "r 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I 1 III I I .mm 30 40 45 50 © BSI 1996 39 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 . I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 _L I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 I 1 I I ___I_ 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 L I I I 1 1 1 1 _j_ I I I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I 1 I II! I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I r I .. I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I""""_ 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 I .-. 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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I""""_ I TIT I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I f"""oo.... 30 mm 3~ 40 45 50 40 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 ....iI I I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1I 1 I t I I re 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I c/) .... rr I I I I I ... ~ ..l....I. 1 1 1 r r J I 1 I I I 111~lllllllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllll ~ ~ 4~~I==t=:j':j._ 1 I I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I i I I 1 I I I I I 25 "ill L. I I I I I I I I . I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I j I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I ...i._ I I I'IIIIII~IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII I 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I I I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I f I I I I I I I I .Jr.---.!I=!I=!I=!I=jI=j'~1!..V ~~~~.~'~. I I T I I r I I t I I I I . I I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I--.~'~t.._t I I 1 I t I I I 1 I I I I 1 r I '--"'___I I I I I I I I L ---r 1.==.--~-_ I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I T 1 1 I r I 1 I T I "r .. 1996 PART*1 96 == 1b246b9 0535281 888 II ..t=tl=tI=tI=±'=jI:j.mm 30 3S 40 4S 50 A. . I =t=+=+=+~ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . ·w~_· C 35~'~I==t=:3I:3I::'E=tl=tI=tI=~t=il~'~'~~'=E'=t'=t'=l:3==~'=E'=t'=t'=l':3=31~IE=tl=EI=t=lI=lI:3I=3I~IE=tl=tI=tI=lI=lI=lI:3I==IE=tl=EI=tI=tI=tI=lI=l':31 I I I I I I I""""_ I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I . 1 I ~ I I 1 1 f-+-1 I I I a: ::t: u 55: r- ! 1 ~j==jI=jI=jI~!I=!I=!I=!I=!I=jI=jI=:!I=!I=!I=!I=!I=j=:I~I!...... 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I-"""_' I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I ...t=t.r .1..~'~~'~'~~1~1~~I~I~I~I~I~tl~I:lI~I~I~I~I~I~~I~I~I~I~I~I~'~1 1111111111111I1 j_ IIII~IIII 1IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIli L_ _f_ I 1 I _j__ I 1 j_ I ----..._ I I I I I 'I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I -- a::: ~ ~ ~U~I~IL_~]'~'~I~~I~I~'~'~'~JE3I~E'~'~'~'~'E3I~'~E'~'~I~'~~~C~L~~~~E'~_L~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~=t==~I~I==I~~I=t~~I~I~I~I~I~~I=tI=tI=tI~~==~I=tI=tI=tI~I~I~I~'~~1=t1=t~I~I~I~I~I~~I=tI=tI~I~I~I~I~~t'=tI=tI=tI=tI~I I I ~ I I I I I II II I I I I .. I 1 I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 I _j_____j_ _ _j__ __j_ __l_______l________ 1 I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I 60 ~: : : : : : : : . I I I I 1 ..l_ I I 1 t L I I I _j_ I I I f"._I r I I I t I I I 1111_lj_1j____j__~ I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I 1 . eno . 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-----r--.... ..JI . I I I I I I I I I I 1 I .-----r I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Iii !i I I I I I N4.... ! 1 I _1 .. I PM +-=±r-J. j . L ! I .. I I 60\ .._l__ 11I I I !it-'-NT"'I I I I i I I 1 i 1____1_ 1 I I I I I I .mm 40 45 50 (0 BSI i996 41 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ...l. I I I I I I I I .::. .. I r _j_ T t I . I I . I . I I I I I I I . .. I I 1111 -r .-.. . . . ! I I I I I I I I ~ 4U.i . . _l______l_ I I I I I . I s C!J L_l I 1 I I _L .:++ I I III !!! I ! ..1 . 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I r r I r r QJ 50 '-' If) rv U/_t:1 .+-++ i 1-+ iIIIII! I I I i j1 I r I I I J i .... I • iT I I Ll i ! ! J r fT! I I 11111 _l____L I I j_ _l_ I I I I I I I 1I ~-d. .... ! j I L_l _ _l ... t----t . . ~=r-I .._ ii! ! ":>1 r- i "{\I LV' . end .. I 1""""-1 I I I I I I I I I ~ rc -r- 30~ I I ""1~ i'-J i I -t l1-ocb. I I I i I I I i II !i T I Ii I 1--+ +=-k.... i.J'. I I . .+-+ {-~--+-++ I .__ J I : I I I I I ...... J I I I I _L_L ! II II . ... I .-. . 1 I I I I J I I I I I I I I I . I I I I T I I I I I I I I _l_ I I L I I I I I I I I I I ..--. BS*970: Annex A ~AKI*l 9b II 1b24669 0535282 714 II BS 970 A.. I I I I r ~: ~ I I I I I I . I I 1 I I I I I I I r I r I . I ... I I I I 4U: I !r .C' HI i ii 1 rrr I I I I I I I I I I I IIIII I I I I I I I I II !!!!! IIIII I I I j j Ij I I I .~rd. . J .:. . I I I _[ I I I .... I ... I I I I I I I f-...e ..1. : I I : I I I _.18832H13 . .---..J: I iii Ii ! i ! "r I .... .. j I I .. I I . 651 . I T-rI I I . 35: I I ... I__L' __ .. IIi !ii . I 1 I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I TIT tI .. . I .i _j 40 50 1\'. I . I r--T" " I". 1 ...1.J f"-'. I I I .i. I ..L F.I .. . 1 I I IrJTTTITTTTT- _l __ I I I I I I J I I . I j__l__1 __ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I . ! I ! I I II r .. I 1 I I I I .._ ..11+++-1 ! ! ! ! I I . I I ii I I I I 15 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Distance 20 from quenched 25 .. ! I . I I I I L_ L ::::::::. I I I I I I .i I ! • . . I I I Ij t--tt -rr-t-I-±+-ll: I !! I I I I I I I I I I I 1TH=i-1 rrHr . I I I r r r r I I I I I I I ! I I ! j+-t I j_ . I I r I I r-T-~~ ~+-=ll_1 I I [ I I ITT T 't 1 T --1 - ~ 30( .. I r +_Ll ......i .. ! I I I I I I"""""""_ I I I I I I I I I I I I f I I I I I I I I I I I I .. I .... I III !!I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II Ii T I I I I I I I I I I I 1"'- I i I I Iii 4-. I . -+--i'-i'i--f-' I : !_ll _L : : : r 20 _1 i I Ii! _l _ _l __L : : : : I . T I I I .. .Ji_s. I I i j . 35 T ...I t---+~{_-.mm 30 3S tti iii II .:• _I U J o III QJ L ..L I i r I l iIi Iii t-=-i-. .--. ... . ~ SO W I. I IIII r I I I I I I I I I j+-tuj .. 1 .... " JV . I I I .. . SSI.1. .-. I . j .r I I I I I I I I ! I . <> a:: ... I I I I I I I I IT I I .. I I r" .17822H17 r 651 L____L I I 60 r-r- ii i i I IIII! .. I I . . I . I I : I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 15 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Distance 20 from quenched 25 end .. .. T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ...I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L ....... !!I I I.._.. I I I I I I 1_ . I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ..! I I r III _L _ _L_l____l_ _1 I III +._. ..

I I I l_ I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 .-.. n I oJ" 42 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 © BSI 1996 . !! -.--'----'----'-I I I I I I I I 1 I 1 I 11I1I I I I Q.i.. I 1L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I L j___J__L__l__j_j__J I IT I I I I rr11 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I rr I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I l_ I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I T 1 I I I I I I I I I I I T I I J I I J I I u 551 I I 1 I I I I 1 I I I I I I 1 I I I -'-.--r-l J I.tiS 970 Part 1 : 1996 BSI ___ o_r"I"" _ !j~~J(Ui PART*1 96 =- 1b24b69 0535283 b50 == I I I I •• I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 65. .--r I I I11 I r r I r I I iii iii I T I I I I I I I I r I • I I I I I I I iii I I ) iii I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I T I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I I __l________j I I I I I I I I I ZO~ I I 1..J.. I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I I1I1I111I I 1 I I I I I I iii I I I I r I I I I IIII ~I I I I I I I I I I! ! i ! III I Ly __ I I I I ~ J=llL1 I I ill I I I I I I I I I Iii i i I 1 I I 1 I 1 I J I i I 111 If._ j_ r: I r"l I 1..J I I I I I I Ef'"'3i"..--. I III I I I I I I II I !! ! !II1 --.J t-t t-t-i I I I I I I I T I I I I I I I I I i I I I I I 1 I I I I I --. il:i 1 ! ! I II ! I II I III I I I I I I I 'H"-4-.--.+:q r . I I I I I I I I I I I I l ...__ iii i IIII I I I I I I I I I II ! T-1 1.5 :3 5 7 9 il 13 15 ">1'\ Distance LV from quenched 25 e-nd 30 = mm 35 40 4s ....I !'t'! _.....1 iii iii II TIl I I I I1 I I I I I I I I I II I ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! TI I I T I I !!!!!I!I!I! I I I I I I I I I I I I I IIIIIIIII..n ou i I I J ~ r I I •• I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 i I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L T. ! I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I L_l_ I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I .

...~ • .. other deoxidation e. comomeu siucon ana arunuruum deoxidation is generally used. Rimmed steels are normally restricted to a carbon conterlt of less tl-lan 0..g.. see . ·1.10 % to U.l. Deoxidants are only added to these steels to control the :rir!lrnirlg action.1...50 %_ Va..lso be supplied with lovver silicon contents. .50 9{.l.l. r.25 ?-6._A nnex 11 . degassirlg arld treatrnent witll arunuruum. _ .:illed steel Killed steel can be provided over the whole carbon range. ~UIIICIent ceoxmants are added to pre·v·ent the formation of a. B... Elements other than aluminium can be used to obtain these properties. . .1. Killed steels ca.. The method of deoxidation is of particular iInpoltance in this respect and this shouid be recognized when considering the application of carbon steels~ There are three fundamental conditions of supply which arc available within the following broad limits and the purchaser should state his Carbon steel is manufactured n.. l . but their use is not general..pplication rl...! "-"'LI __ .and to a manganese requirements on the order.stabilized steel is usually an aluminium killed steel with sufficient aluminium to give minimal strain-ageing properties in the final product.70 :Yo. ~ ~ ~ .CUllITL •• .where the a. . B~2 Alloy steel Alloy steels arc required to be killed and the silicon conterLt shall be witl-lin the range 0.nd if fine grairled steel is requrreu...00 ?/~.:....nd certain features affect the ingot structure and relative uniformity of composition. l In these cases.1aybe less stringent than for killed steers. Generally silicon killed steel shall contain 0. Steel for forgings and drop forgings are required to be killed.4 Rimmed steel content of less than 0.3 Semi-killed or balanced steel Semi-killed or balanced steels are generally only made in carbon ranges below 0. • . H.n a. © BSI 1996 43 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..1 Genera! in a variety of ways a... l practices.1.40 % silicon a.2 l''. B.... "'. 8SI BS*970i PART*1 96 II 1624669 O~35284 597 == BS 970 Part 1 Annex B Deoxidarion of steel (exluding st~irtless wTp..10 9h to 0.A.. . can De usee wnen tne carbon content is less than 0.. rimmed steel structure.l Carbon steel D ..lw\ ~.. .

..._ u"-- . It't10 i nn... PC: h0f'UI '-'u v. JV'fy'l....i....".-. oeuuon c. ..lJ(__.{}..._")I__....f_.."'... (...rJ lJ'1t'iU(_..1enched·ana tempered steels Part 1 l..............UVI 10Q7 Method for determinir~ (Jominy test) ~ . ~~ . -1-. U""... 'll"T"" v~c. . • .. OJ suuruess steets /0 • "" • 'I unalloyed qual'ity steels sheet/plate a'flu scrip JUT Techn·'ica. l~ Last Technical delivery conditioTf.....~..-·"v .~ JfJr .. 1...od) tiS 4114 1967 hardness testinq macnines (Rockioell method) Specification for dimept.lJy.j._.. A·............ ·_1_ rneu........ '~'~'''J'J tp ..Lr> ..F>I' " LJ-....J~' fi-"i" 'U'iJ.. "vr~~~J~'~"'''0:7'_' 'Yi'iI'.!~) Part 2 19913) 1995 1 £).! !it. JU! !~J/r:..:! t__I{Jfl.:..... "'" ..!.£_.''''In'''· .....r.......t:I"~ M"/.."'"" .If._.s .:"IJ'i'i.LHJH o ..-..Ifl..". size OJ..--: ." ..."' • .or dimep..'-' "'". .. ..:........!....l_. ... ...". :t .Y'-. bars.._Jt:::L.....I:i ? _Il.-.1iJV~_) ~...f(_. ~'~~.t!J D .g BS 4670 HS 5046 1971 1974 0jJr::C·1J '{..-.. ~.\.: ~ y'(_.... 'Y¥J...-....-H .. n _t:..j...._(.j.(....'H. 'M"'·' f......:t·U'!l .'j'ica.""..l.-. " ..."'.or deterrni'P...-. .sio11S qf metallic f .. J...I1...i'i'iII.c'id (ifteti'"tod {1t'lU1WY1_)tH('ny rll".r~..·I_'"l·f__I1t.un...... ~ ".""'....-/P .t... .......~" . "'" .....-. h..-J -1-£. "_...:t Oo:l.....'VI-# f_A. V! ell. ..\:.......""' f_}(.l......:-.le'!l~'u-eU~:S£..-': ""'.. eruiu« . of the qrain..tion q{ resista'nce to inter granular corrosion Qf f u'usten:itic staInless steels: copper su..steel lv!ethod . H_'(. ·'d _r.1_J .J""'n. rods and sectiop.lent diameters rn the heat BS El~ 100833) BS Et~ 10083 BS El'-.1 ...""''-' "' .......'...f_.. .ryU-. ·I_'''_~H' hardmess testinq machines 1990 .f::Cl..and Umotches) Informative Ll-"".U.. BS 6722 : 1986 BS E~~ 10002 BS Et~ 10002 BS E~J 10045 JjL....-/<rJp.~tJ {.L' u·[tIJY " .lpltate....'..~"'.J8jor T'.. • _...'tC "ntu..BSI 8S~970.._. 1 i-art ... F--art 1 LISl: 01 reIerenCes iii l'~ormative BS! Publications BHITISH STAND.. ".. ./Uf:::.. ~ C ~ 1 '!ViJ\J innn lIlf""'+h .j. +~""'"".'1 H'1e.. J... -I.." ...J_lf5C't-tu·..' _ ... t!..InUl-t'iIl_/(_._J ..-~~-#l t_A:~..(.-""-. '.n..J"._.~.. ....{.-....pt fi-"i'~I-"ri'i.£ __ .._.J... .l.RJy. .o:::.:n!}:-s 1'vlethodjor the estimation..>II / l..._. Ci.ton QT VtCKers f'1....__.......~ .-.. . ./j"""AfV>.....f.L_)~...!....s Ior qeneral purposes 3) Referred to in the foreword only © BSI 1996 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 .--.1":--.. .· ..Sio'Pual and (J1t......l " •• ~..-.~1...la11titytoleromces for steel drop '-':i'i.. ..........::...(_)(_j/ .~h"'''np!~ ~'J'J~~'~<::? "~~~J'~~'~~'J on 1 V 1llethiJd"sjbr ha. ~lA5f5t.""....j...f.... hIJ'i".1. .. ue: _J_.-.J !.l\J{DS INSTITUTIUN.. £........ Ufj·' (..U_....._ .h • "'II Ie" M r _ _'" '_=...:tvpl U_...+ 1__..fJ J . . ...J .....L' _ hardenabil'ity stee« ~ OJ'" steel by end quertChirr. .t.djor VeT1.--.1. . .~ -#.sulphuric a.-.... ..f.. _."' • ..." .J.... verlJ~ca"{. lYlernoaJor .::.[..-..~ ~ .0 DO ......... c'+...1tA51 ..n!) ""''''"..L materials rerr I) .."" ·"(An ! Ll ...() 1 ~"_I ·"71.... '---1f. ~'VV anr].J ..: .. .....(. - !--.(/Ud t' Part 1 1990 Charpy impact test on metallic materials Test m..J..II_A_A.j.t..-I-"...I_._....... ""£..p....'t·fly f"n . ...s for qeneral 1995 Tecnnical aet~very condiiions for semi-finished products. oj-'equivtJ_..ny~ .__"t_y U_A_)_..v'-''-'" _._ ......"..."'".fIII.( .'t-ctu...... ..'Cers narapvf3SS lesr anaJor 'I " •• ..2 BS Er-~10088 3 treatment of steel ~n... -In.tf... ".... ·~~1 1f:5Gft..""'...fJI_Jt_. 4: 2 3 ------ BS 970 "'11"".-.lJf_}t'i~ . • and ""' .::._.. ..uu.vv Dn ..f_.fl...f::::f:5l-:) ~..'f(_!j . U_.~ . fVn""..£' UJ ......~ 'l'(_..I .. 'L' .r7Joses co'nu'it'ion......... 1 c ...ry .L_.rd11ess test (lfockloell metli.~ ~ ."'. 'l ~«~ . . tJV~ / 1.. ._"..f.:)f?J OQ LJU honn v""'vv BS 6200 T)C'O ni:) o~vv l~qnn U"'"tJ\J £".[j_\..."_' ..t5lnl-Jt/f l)_.. .__."_.-rH...-I r' ~""'~J~'~~'~~~ '-YJ'i"P_"::':'_':::' f. r_.. ·!!M_{.. ·~1 ..... ...~.! D~ IVotched bar tests 1961 15/>-#£.....-...-J'i'Y/.() .--""_"".'(_." J.. ~l~ 10045 Methods of analsfsis Reccnnmendatiop..'t..j./I"'".(.. r1 -1:--'"".-Vi'i. • .... t-'At'\ • - "" I "'..."-#l."A ....I_...- T'vfvthnd_......A ...: .-..n (_ .~. -#F>"-'-# IVlf:J~J'I_Jvu' JtJ1 1 ~1 FfI.(. steel and other ferrous metals Sampiinq and sample preparation 111(').....~.J .J" (...~ jfJI Jt'11 fJUA-.. .. London BS 131 BS 131 : Part 1 1986 BS 427 .:..-.1 .t-ion.......~ n".....f.1 0:10 l()'Ol).--.."U1A 2 C'I __ .:tUl{·JUT C'f . .!lA5·~ BS 4490 BS 5903 1989 1980 Methodsfor microqraphic determination..J 10083 BS EI'-J 10088-1 BS El~ 10088. Jfft "'........t'i'~~1 ({i{. _t... !....L! ___ Samplir~ and anaiusis qf iron.-. It:::fl f.[. ..ethod (V. -#"' .:..CUi..... h'-"i"...l delfi'very p·U. • .. tor ..IL_J "":I:-ru AA'l7 I .../-" f_!J + .

. T""O. "'II "'II "II" ..Ht....1...~ LJ! l.. to mciune all tne necessary • ••.without prior written permission from BSt voo _ .ve been published as British Sta.. tne Liopyngnt. .. 0 • 11 .e prior written perrnissio!l of BSI must be obtained. .~ f'L101 U.rds Tel: 0181 996 7000. recording or othe!~'¥ise.sible for preparing British etancaros. • ..... BS! also holds the copyright. ISB}~ 0 580 251209 ISE/31 Copyright by the British Standards Institution Mon Jan 30 11:33:31 2012 ..... __ _ permitted under be reproduced. Fax: 1 ... TTrI ....()~ ..' 1 ............ .... "'II otanaaras InstItutIon . .!l~ .:~_ ..:. . • . 389 Chiswick High Road.!. . t. Contract requirements • . the BS! Information Technolo5i Service (SrI'S) and its Technical Help to Exporters Service... J . . Tel: 0181 9969000...J:::jXt.. .l. _. Users of British Standards It'!'U!l-1U!l.J. 1 6.zp .t!lUU!U!~(tl..-l~T.' _ Subscribing members of P~'3I re kept up to date with standards developments a details of these and other benefits contact Customer Services.. •.ndards unless othen\rise requested. BSI. Designs and Patents Act 1988 no extract may system or transmitted in any form or by any means .. ..~~rvJ .: ana receive SllDSIaTIIlal iscounts on tne purcnase price or stanuarns ..:... ..L!(_JH>j L!l~ V1 .....: .. l_JlJl..'t- !"a_x..• provisions • • 01 a _ corttract~ Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct appnCatlon. the terms may include royalty payments or a licensing agreement. on stannams ill Europe ana at tne Vl€\V international level.. in the TTTT un.. £"<I.....:.O.. It is incorporated by Royal Charter.£\f\O. Sales Department at Chiswick: standards. it is BSI policy' to supply the 1 BSI implementation of those that ha.::.!.BSI BS*970: PART*1 96 -= 1b24669 0535286 36T == 970 !-~rt 1: nrl"LISn ____.anrlH.. the identity of which can be found on the inside front cover.. '-'" ...JI.:_ .:_ .rLL... . Details and advice can be obtained from the Copyright I\lanager...1'.\. should make sure that they possess the latest amendments or aim of BSI to improve the quality of our products and services.... 389 Chiswick High Road London W44AL If permission is granted. !'lild_ .. • BSI is the independent national body respon.-·h .... . _ .nl~hlrt-l rtf r"H:'I-·pt. 11 11 T....'jW!t:K~ !_1_.....~_.: .:~~ D __ . _ . ....t. Information on standards BSI provides a wide range of information on national. .:t:VLtt+j • .. photocopying......!..::... Membership at r'11_...... 1..~ .:it. . _ •• 'L.. 1..._ .J. t:herl t:h..!.. !.. ~s: ..... Copyright Copyright subsists in all BSI publications.l. r or u 11 co... .... London W4 4AL. European and international standards through its Library. international ana foreign standards pUOllCatlOns ShOUIUDe addressed to Customer Services..:.Ql...'j. If these details are to be used for any other purpose than implementation DOT U~:l!.f:THcH·!O!l(t! ~L(.......~L~~_~ 1 ~.....:. It presents tn€ Uf<lIo......... 1 ~ "-J!U. !~L ViO... .. _ designations.£\f\1 (VV. IVU~j T........... Contact the Information Department at Chiswick: Tel: 0181 996 7111. rsntisn stancaro uoes not purport - 0...... Revisions r British Standards are updated by amendment or revision.. stored in a retrieval This does not preclude the free use...~ t'~u .. ... Jj.. TTT.~liJo Jy ~.. In response to orders for international Orders for all BS!..:1tJ1'J ..::I1. _.J. r"Y Pro ._ !!H .electronic. It is the constant Buying st.. .-"ntJonr ur!:l. ..0 . r. £\1 01 f\r. \Ve would be grateful if anyqne finding an inaccuracy or ambiguity while using this British Standard would infonn the Secretary of the responsible technical committee. 0181 996 7048...!(_J!l I 'l. _ .~_ .J ...::'...:)l orrers memoers an InUIVIGUal upaatmg service Callen t"LU~ wrucn ensures that subscribers automatically receive the latest editions of standards...!::..J... . Fax: 01819967400 .. Fax: 0181 996 7001...' ...._ . . the Standardline Database.. • . ~ QVll''ilu-. . rn..LB.IJlUJ!!I_:ct_. in the course of implementing the ..:6..!:Ii1.

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