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March 2008 Q2. A. i. Using Simpsons ( ) X Y 0 1 1 0.7 2 0.58 3 0.5 and 4 0.45 Rule, evaluate 5 0.41 6 0.38 from the table given below.

Solution: Let Here,

BY SIMPSONS ( ) RULE. ii. If ( ) Solution: Let Here, BY TRAPEZOIDAL RULE. ( ) ( ) Q2. B. i. Construct both the difference table (i.e. backward and forward) for the sequence 8, 3, 0, -1, 0, 3 Solution:- Forward difference table ( ) 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 -5 3 -3 0 -1 -1 1 0 3 3 2 2 0 2 0 2 0 ( ) ( ) ( ) [( [( ) ) ( ( )] )] ( ) ( ) ( ) and ( ) evaluate ( ) using Trapezoidal Rule. [( ( ) [( ) ) ( ( ) ) ( ( )] )]

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Backward difference table: ( ) 1 2 3 4 5 6 ii. Prove that [ [ [ ( ( ( [ ( [ ( )] ) using Newtons Backward interpolation formula from the following table. 3 18 4 27 ) ) ( )] )] ) ( ( ) ( )] ) ( )] [ ( )] 8 3 0 -1 0 3 -5 -3 -1 1 3 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 ( ) ( ) ( )

Q4. C. i. Find ( 0 ( ) 3 1 6 2 11

Solution: Backward difference table ( ) 0 1 2 3 4 By Newtons Backward difference formula. 3 6 11 18 27 3 5 7 9 2 2 2 ( ) ( )

( ) ( ( ) )

) (

( )( )

) (

( )(

( )

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ii. Find ( ) using Lagranges Interpolation formula, given that ( ) Solution: Here, ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) BY LAGRANGES INTERPOLATION FORMULA
( ) ( ( )( )( )( )( ) ) ( ) ( ( )( )( )( )( ) ) ( ) ( ( )( )( )( )( ) ) ( ) ( ( )( )( )( )( ) ) ( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( (

)( )(

)( )(

) )

( (

)( )(

)( )(

) )

( (

)( )(

)( )(

) )

( (

)( )(

)( )(

) )

( ) March 2009 Q1. A. i. Construct the forward difference table for the following data. 1 4 Solution: Forward difference table 2 7 3 11 4 18

4 3

7 4

1 2 3 7

11

4 ii. If ( ) Solution: ( ) ( ( ( ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) ) ) ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) )( )[( )( )( ) ) ( ( )( )( )( )( ( ) ) ) ( ( ) )( )] ) ) )( )( )( ) ) find ) )

18

( ) by taking differencing interval as 3.

We know that,

Q2. A. i. Evaluate:

using Trapezoidal rule by using the following data. 0 1 0.5 0.667 , 1 0.5

Solution: Here

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BY TRAPEZOIDAL RULE. [( [( ) ( ) ( )] )]

ii. Estimate the missing term of the following data. 0 1 Solution: Here, and 1 3 2 9 3 4 81

Solution: Since, we know only four values of ( ) We assume that ( ) is a polynomial of degree three.

( (

) )

( )

( )

Q2. C. i. Find ( ) using Newtons forward difference interpolation formula for the data 0 1 ( ) 3 6 Solution: Forward difference table 2 11 ( ) ( ) 3 18 ( ) 4 27 ( )

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0 3 3 1 6 5 2 11 7 3 18 9 4 Here, N WTONS FORWARD INTERPOLATION FORMULA. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ii. Evaluate ( ) ( ) ( ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ) ( ) 27 2 2 0 2 0

using Simpsons 0 0.14 1 0.16

rule given that: 2 0.17 3 0.19 4 0.20 5 0.21 6 0.23

Solution: Here

BY SIMPSONS ( ) RULE. March 2010 Q1. C. i. Using Newtons forward difference interpolation formula find . [( ( ) [( ) ( ) ( ) ) ( ( )] )]

1 Solution: - Here, Forward difference table

0.84

0.5

( ) 1

( )

( )

( )

-0.13

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0.87 -0.37 0.5 -0.5 0 N WTONS FORWARD INTERPOLATION FORMULA. ( ) ( ( ) ) ( ) ( )( ( ) ) ( ( )( ) ( ) )( ( ) ( )( )( ) ( ) )( )( ) -0.13 -0.24 0.11

cos ii. If ( ) Solution: Here ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) find ( ) using Lagranges interpolation formula

BY LAGRANGES INTERPOLATION FORMULA


( ) ( ( ( ( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( ) ) ) ) ( ) ( ( ( ( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( ) ) ) ) ( ) ( ( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( ) ) ) ) ( ) ( ( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( ) ( ) ) ) ( )

( )

( (

( (

( ) Q4. B. i. Evaluate ( ( ) ) taking

) (

( ) ( ( ) )

) (

( )

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( ( ( ) ) )

( ii. Verify that

) ( )

( ( [ )

( )

( )

From Equation numbers (1) & (2), we can say that ( ) rule to evaluate 1.5 2.4 2 2.7 from the following data. 2.5 2.8 3 3 3.5 2.6 4 2.1

Q B i Using Simpsons ( ) 1 2 Solution: Here

BY SIMPSONS ( ) RULE. ( [( ) [( ) ) ( ( ) ( )] ) ( )]

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ii. Given that ( ) Solution: Here, ( ) ( ) ( ) estimate ( ) using the Trapezoidal rule

BY TRAPEZOIDAL RULE. [( ) ( )]

( )

[(

)]

( )