14 views

Uploaded by Bangon Kali

- Midterm 2008 Solutions (Gong)
- Math Portfolio 2
- H Mathematics Paper-1 2008
- trigonometric ratios.pptx
- 3. Kesetimbangan Partikel
- 24 Trigonometry
- Additional Mathematics 2012 & 2013 solutions.pdf
- 07_Periodic Functions and Fourier Series
- M8_GCA_SA_24
- FBISE Maths 1A2005 FSc Part1
- Most Important Questions-1
- Using the Sharp EL 531WH
- H2 Mathematics - Trigonometry
- 3-Handouts Lecture 04 06
- 63 Trigonometric Ratio & Identity Part 2 of 2
- Paper 2H March_2013
- Trig No Metric Formulas
- Muslim Contributions to Mathematics
- Lesson 16
- Fe q Sept2014

You are on page 1of 3

4)

1 Trigonometric Identities you must remember

The big three trigonometric identities are sin2 t + cos2 t = 1 sin(A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B cos(A + B) = cos A cos B sin A sin B (1) (2) (3)

Using these we can derive many other identities. Even if we commit the other useful identities to memory, these three will help be sure that our signs are correct, etc.

From equation (1) we can generate two more identities. First, divide each term in (1) by cos2 t (assuming it is not zero) to obtain tan2 t + 1 = sec2 t. When we divide by sin t (again assuming it is not zero) we get 1 + cot2 t = csc2 t. (5)

2

(4)

From equations (2) and (3) we can get several useful identities. First, recall that cos(t) = cos t, From (2) we see that sin(A B) = sin(A + (B)) = sin A cos(B) + cos A sin(B) which, using the relationships in (6), reduces to sin(A B) = sin A cos B cos A sin B. In a similar way, we can use equation (3) to nd cos(A B) = cos(A + (B)) = cos A cos(B) sin A sin(B) which simplies to cos(A B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B. (8) Notice that by remembering the identities (2) and (3) you can easily work out the signs in these last two identities. 1 (7) sin(t) = sin t. (6)

If we now add equation (2) to equation (7) sin(A B) = sin A cos B cos A sin B +(sin(A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B) we nd sin(A B) + sin(A + B) = 2 sin A cos B and dividing both sides by 2 we obtain the identity sin A cos B = 1 1 sin(A B) + sin(A + B). 2 2 (9)

In the same way we can add equations (3) and (8) cos(A B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B +(cos(A + B) = cos A cos B sin A sin B) to get cos(A B) + cos(A + B) = 2 cos A cos B which can be rearranged to yield the identity cos A cos B = 1 1 cos(A B) + cos(A + B). 2 2 (10)

Suppose we wanted an identity involving sin A sin B. We can nd one by slightly modifying the last thing we did. Rather than adding equations (3) and (8), all we need to do is subtract equation (3) from equation (8): cos(A B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B (cos(A + B) = cos A cos B sin A sin B) This gives cos(A B) cos(A + B) = 2 sin A sin B or, in the form we prefer, sin A sin B = 1 1 cos(A B) cos(A + B). 2 2 (11)

Now a couple of easy ones. If we let A = B in equations (2) and (3) we get the two identities sin 2A = 2 sin A cos A, cos 2A = cos2 A sin2 A. 2 (12) (13)

If we have A = B in equation (10) then we nd cos A cos B = 1 1 cos(A A) + cos(A + A) 2 2 1 1 2 cos A = cos 0 + cos 2A. 2 2

Simplifying this and doing the same with equation (11) we nd the two identities cos2 A = 1 (1 + cos 2A), 2 1 sin2 A = (1 cos 2A). 2 (14) (15)

Finally, from equations (2) and (3) we can obtain an identity for tan(A + B): tan(A + B) = sin(A + B) sin A cos B + cos A sin B = . cos(A + B) cos A cos B sin A sin B

Now divide numerator and denominator by cos A cos B to obtain the identity we wanted: tan(A + B) = tan A + tan B . 1 tan A tan B (16)

We can get the identity for tan(A B) by replacing B in (16) by B and noting that tangent is an odd function: tan(A B) = tan A tan B . 1 + tan A tan B (17)

8 Summary

There are many other identities that can be generated this way. In fact, the derivations above are not unique many trigonometric identities can be obtained many different ways. The idea here is to be very familiar with a small number of identities so that you are comfortable manipulating and combining them to obtain whatever identity you need to.

- Midterm 2008 Solutions (Gong)Uploaded byAnonymous 3GH6Zm8v
- Math Portfolio 2Uploaded byCristen
- H Mathematics Paper-1 2008Uploaded bystevecassidy7485
- trigonometric ratios.pptxUploaded byEdna Palero Galvez
- 3. Kesetimbangan PartikelUploaded byGalih Indra Sukmana
- 24 TrigonometryUploaded byMohamad Shahir Ismail
- Additional Mathematics 2012 & 2013 solutions.pdfUploaded byChantal Amanda McIntosh
- 07_Periodic Functions and Fourier SeriesUploaded byDrRitu Malik
- M8_GCA_SA_24Uploaded byEvy Nonita Anggus
- FBISE Maths 1A2005 FSc Part1Uploaded byShaki Mirza
- Most Important Questions-1Uploaded bybabaisbac
- Using the Sharp EL 531WHUploaded byMaylan Ocat
- H2 Mathematics - TrigonometryUploaded byMin Yee
- 3-Handouts Lecture 04 06Uploaded byTapas Banerjee
- 63 Trigonometric Ratio & Identity Part 2 of 2Uploaded byDeepak Raina
- Paper 2H March_2013Uploaded bymrjmaths13
- Trig No Metric FormulasUploaded byZee Shan
- Muslim Contributions to MathematicsUploaded byNara Chan
- Lesson 16Uploaded bydelsonwiest
- Fe q Sept2014Uploaded byMuhd Ikram Shabry
- Edexcel C2 NotesUploaded byboobla
- Giancoli Ch 3 2D MotionUploaded byahkeel
- weierstrass.pdfUploaded byadityathegreatkarthi
- math 3 mod 6 study guideUploaded byapi-262277495
- add maths 1 form 5Uploaded bydevaganishager
- GENERAL TOPOGRAPHY WORKBOOK OF PROBLEMSUploaded bygainavasile
- XI Maths Ch3 TrigoFunc FormulaeUploaded bySaloni Johri
- 4695_0606 C4 June 2006 Mark SchemeUploaded byJuana Kady
- Engineering MathematicsUploaded byTashi Stunner Best
- mc-ty-trig-2009-1Uploaded bySarman Tamilselvan

- Verilog: A simple UpDown Counter ImplemntationUploaded byBangon Kali
- Verilog Binary Pattern Recognizer Finite State Machine ApplicationUploaded byBangon Kali
- Ultrasonic Distance SensorUploaded byBangon Kali
- Fundamentals of OOP and Data Structures in Java 2001Uploaded byanon-756859
- Video Sync GeneratorUploaded byBangon Kali
- The Design And Analysis Of Spatial Data Structures - Hanan Samet.pdfUploaded byBangon Kali
- Byte Pattern DetectorUploaded byBangon Kali
- Algorithms and Data StructuresUploaded bySanjana
- Information Retrieval Data Structures and AlgorithmsUploaded bySimon Wistow
- ECE 195 Analog Electronics - Lab 03Uploaded byBangon Kali
- Siemens Manual for PLC S7 300 and 400 ProgrammingUploaded byBangon Kali
- Satellite CommunicationsUploaded byBangon Kali
- C algorithm for real-time DSP.pdfUploaded bydhananjayan89
- Binary Pattern DetectorUploaded byBangon Kali
- Basic CVSLUploaded byBangon Kali
- ES-81Exer4Uploaded byBangon Kali
- LM7812 positive voltage regulatorUploaded bycallkalai
- Managed DirectX 9 Kick Start - Graphics and Game ProgrammingUploaded byHitMAN010
- JMDAUploaded byBangon Kali
- La Place Transform Solution of OdesUploaded byBangon Kali
- an7810Uploaded bySerch N Rodriguez
- an7810Uploaded bySerch N Rodriguez
- Load Curtailment Mar 1- 31, 2012Uploaded byBangon Kali
- Load Curtailment Mar 1- 31, 2012Uploaded byBangon Kali
- Practical Artificial Intelligence Programming In Java - allbooksfree.tkUploaded byBangon Kali
- Tutorial on Installing OrcadUploaded byBangon Kali
- GMERUploaded byBangon Kali
- johannah_ece120Uploaded byBangon Kali
- johannah_ece120Uploaded byBangon Kali

- FossenUploaded byEgwuatu Uchenna
- Lesson #17 - Dividing Fractions by Whole NumbersUploaded byMR.E
- 4.1 Data Driven ModellingUploaded byGeorge Mavromatidis
- 46-55Uploaded byCarlos Moran Cepeda
- Theories of Protest and the Revolutions of 1989Uploaded byAmritpal Bhagat
- The Effect of Service Quality on Patient Loyalty a Study of Q4Uploaded bymynameissisi
- Angular MomentumUploaded byBheim Llona
- 244 Efficient Interactions With FrameworksUploaded byMihai Panţiru
- PSA LAB EX_1Uploaded bysamkous
- Formal Hardware Verification Methods a SurveyUploaded byNguyen Ngoc Thang
- lab.chi.s.engUploaded byDivaan Raj Karunakaran
- Study Program Information 2012Uploaded byavizzzy1
- Sampling 1Uploaded byHAIFA30
- A mathematical model of snowball meltingUploaded byJohn
- Assignments (Winter 2012)Uploaded byShuvojit Ghosh
- Java Quizmaster for BeginnersUploaded byAlexander Alexandrov
- Chap 4 - Requirements Engineering 1Uploaded byawais
- Formal Write-Up FinalUploaded byGustavo
- Ch 5 Displaying ResultsUploaded byhina kaynat
- The Not So Short Introduction to LatexUploaded byjuangasa
- 1. Full Length Test 1_24-11-2017Uploaded byAnupam Deka
- [11] Computations of Water Surface Profiles.pdfUploaded byMohamed Wayrah
- 2 (2).pdfUploaded byMohd Zaini Abdullah
- Physics II Problems (26).pdfUploaded byBOSS BOSS
- Van Der Meer_Geometrical Design of Coastal StructuresUploaded byapi-3709579
- parallel perpendicular alg1Uploaded byapi-167924086
- Instruccion PIDEUploaded byeder2825325
- Chilled Beam Modeled in eQUESTUploaded bylayziness_killsyahoo
- DualityUploaded byRiaz Rahman Bony
- Two Dimension MotionUploaded bySombir Ahlawat